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Results 301 - 350 of 505
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McNeill M S - - 1998
Twenty-nine selected styles of subprimals or sections of veal were obtained from a commercial facility to assist in the development of a support program for retailers. They were fabricated into bone-in or boneless retail cuts and associated components by trained meat cutters. Each style selected (n = 6) was used ...
Braverman Y - - 1998
Injuries caused by the German yellow jacket Vespula germanica F. to dry and lactating dairy cows (Bos tourus) in 5 herds in Israel were monitored and adversely affected < or = 65% of the cows. Elimination of large alternative protein sources (placentas, sewage containing milk from the milking parlor), and ...
Braverman Y - - 1998
During the past two decades, parasitism by the German yellow jacket wasp, Paravespula germanica, on lactating dairy cattle has occurred in Israel during August to October annually, affecting up to 65% of cows in certain herds. The nibbled and exposed tissues of teats and sometimes udders become infested by bacteria, ...
Schmidtmann E T - - 1998
As a measure of the risk for exposure to Lyme disease, we estimated the distribution of host-seeking adults of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, on dairy farms in Barron County in northwestern Wisconsin. Vegetation ecotypes that were common to 18 farms that were representative of the county were surveyed ...
Allore H G - - 1998
In the future, the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance may make milk quality standards more stringent by lowering the somatic cell count (SCC) limit on Grade A raw milk to 500,000/ml. Therefore, using a discrete event simulation model, we investigated the effects of the prevention of intramammary infection (as recommended by the ...
Elbers A R - - 1998
The incidence of clinical mastitis in dairy cows was estimated in 171 randomly selected dairy herds from the southern part of The Netherlands. A total of 1103 quarter cases was reported. The mean annual incidence rate was 12.7 quarter cases/yr per 100 cows. The modeling incidence rate of clinical mastitis ...
Sargeant J M - - 1998
The objective of this study was to describe the frequency of occurrence of clinical mastitis in dairy herds in Ontario. The study group consisted of 65 dairy farms involved in a 2-year observational study, which included recording all clinical mastitis cases and milk sampling of quarters with clinical mastitis. Lactational ...
Calvani M M - - 1998
A 5-year-old atopic boy unaffected by cow's milk protein allergy experienced several anaphylactic reactions after eating food containing "pecorino" cheese made from sheep's milk. Prick-prick tests were strongly positive to sheep's buttermilk curd and 'pecorino' sheep's cheese. Skin prick tests to fresh sheep's milk and to goat's milk were also ...
Fukushima Y - - 1997
Food antigens transferred into breast milk sometimes cause an allergic reaction in exclusively breast-fed infants. This study will show whether the intake of a whey hydrolysate formula for lactating women (MOM HA) can reduce the appearance of food antigens in breast milk. Lactating women in the MOM group (n = ...
Lampe J B - - 1997
Thirty-four toddlers were studied in a prospective, convenience sample comparison at their 18-month health supervision visit to examine the effect of prolonged (i.e., to 18 months of age) bottle feeding on both the daily volume of cow's milk intake and the toddler's iron stores (serum ferritin concentrations.) Seventeen toddlers had ...
Casey G M - - 1997
1. The size of cows and their unpredictable behavior constitute a hazard for workers who handle them. 2. When cows are startled by sudden movements and unfamiliar situations, they may kick, push, knock down, fall, or step on workers. 3. Cows in heat or those with calves are particularly excitable. ...
Stocker S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To analyze myoelectric activity of the cecum and proximal loop of the ascending colon (PLAC) in cows after spontaneous cecal dilatation/dislocation (CDD) and compare it with that in healthy cows after surgical evacuation of the cecum. ANIMALS: 12 cows with spontaneous CDD and 6 healthy cows (group C). Cows ...
Wright S M - - 1997
Under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), studies have been undertaken to compare potential fluxes of radiocaesium via important food products. The results for three Norwegian Arctic counties are presented in this paper. The comparative importance of different foodstuffs in contributing to collective dose varies spatially due to differing ...
Troutt H F - - 1997
The authors provide an overview of the circumstances associated with culling of dairy cattle in the United States of America (USA) and focus on the possible significant microbiological hazards associated with meat from cull dairy cows. Cull dairy cows are an important source of food in the USA, accounting for ...
Tauer L W - - 1997
Data from 259 farms that participated in the Cornell University Dairy Farm Business Summary Project were used to measure the impact of bovine somatotropin (bST) on milk production and profitability per cow. Linear regression was used to estimate the response to bST when other variables were held constant. Bovine somatotropin ...
Roseler D K - - 1997
Six prediction equations for dry matter intake (DMI) were evaluated for accuracy with independent data. The equations were selected based on ease of parameter measurement and practical on-farm use. The equations were assessed for accuracy of predicting individual weekly DMI for primiparous (n = 105) and multiparous (n = 136) ...
Ostersen S - - 1997
The lactational variation in milk protein composition and renneting properties and their relationship to the cow's body condition at calving were investigated in 39 Danish Holstein first lactation cows fed on a well balanced standard diet. All milk characteristics measured were significantly affected by stage of lactation (P < 0.01). ...
Huhtanen P - - 1997
A procedure allowing digesta sampling from the omasum via a ruminal cannula without repeated entry into the omasum was developed. The sampling system consisted of a device inserted into the omasum via the ruminal cannula, a tube connecting the device to the ruminal cannula, and a single compressor/vacuum pump. Eight ...
Fukuda M - - 1997
In this study bilateral ovarian follicular growth during the luteal phase was investigated in relation to the ovary where ovulation occurred. The diameter of the largest follicle in the contralateral ovary without corpus luteum and in the ipsilateral ovary with corpus luteum was measured using vaginosonography in a total of ...
Uetake K - - 1997
Behavioral pattern was investigated in dairy cows milked in an automatic milking system (AMS) in contrast to cows milked in a conventional milking parlor. Forty-eight Holstein cows were allocated to two groups of 24 animals. The two groups were housed in adjacent free stall pens. Both groups were milked twice ...
Sapru A - - 1997
Cheddar cheese was made from milk collected from two groups of cows milked either two or three times daily during early, mid, and late lactation. Milk from cows in late lactation had lower casein as a percentage of true protein and a higher acid degree value than did milk from ...
Majamaa H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal microflora is an important constituent of the gut mucosal defense barrier. We have previously shown that a human intestinal floral strain, Lactobacillus GG (ATCC 53103), promotes local antigen-specific immune responses (particularly in the IgA class), prevents permeability defects, and confers controlled antigen absorption. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...
Valde J P - - 1997
Differences in ketosis and clinical mastitis rates, mean somatic cell counts (SCC) and reproductive performance scores (fertility status index = FS-index) between herds housed in free stall (n = 533) and tie stall (n = 59) barns were measured in relation to management and environmental factors in a retrospective cohort ...
Nagasawa H - - 1997
The effects of combined treatment with Guan-mu-tong (Gmt: Caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis) and other major components of Shi-Liu-Wei-Liu-Qi-Yin (SLWLQY), a Chinese herbal medicine prescribed for breast diseases, on normal and preneoplastic mammary gland growth were investigated. SHN virgin mice were divided into 6 groups at 3 months of age and treated ...
Gu J - - 1996
With the changes in dietary pattern in China, in recent years, hyperlipidaemia has become an important problem in the pathogenesis of chronic degenerative diseases, especially the cardio-cerebro-vascular diseases. From studies on laboratory animals and people with hyperlipidaemia, a number of hypolipidaemic foods and beverages have been identified, of relevance to ...
Grings E E - - 1996
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of sire growth potential, steer age, and cow size on intake, growth, and production efficiency in grazing cattle. Data were collected on 24 cow-calf pairs during each of four summers (1989 to 1992) and on 12, 7-mo-old and 12 yearling steers during ...
Kress D D - - 1996
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic components for milk production of Hereford (HH), Tarentaise (TT), and Hereford x Tarentaise or Tarentaise x Hereford (HT) cows under range conditions at the Northern Agricultural Research Center, Havre, MT. Milk production of 494 cow-calf pairs was estimated by the weigh-suckle-weigh ...
Morita S - - 1996
Twenty-three cows were kept in a free-stall barn with an automatic system for milking and feeding. The cows were offered mixed silage for ad libitum consumption. Concentrates were fed with the automatic milking system. This experiment examined the eating behavior of cows and the relationship between the intake of concentrate ...
Bell I R - - 1996
This study examined plasma beta-endorphin as a marker of the physiological stress response in community elderly who were either high (n = 15) or low (n = 15) in self-rated frequency of illness from environmental chemical odors. Individuals who report nonatopic multiple sensitivities to or intolerances for low levels of ...
Lee B K - - 1996
A selection project produced control cows from continuous matings with breed average bulls for predicted transmitting ability for milk (PTA-milk) in 1964 and select cows from matings to four of the highest PTA-milk bulls each year since 1964. Blood samples were collected in 1992 when milk yield difference of select ...
Steen A - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of additional acetone and urea analyses to the established herd recording system (protein, fat, lactose, and somatic cell count) in cow milk samples every second month. Samples were obtained from 43/82 herds (800/1368 cows) in a lowland/highland area. Acetone concentration ...
Khorasani G R - - 1996
Eight Holstein cows in early lactation and fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design experiment to determine the influence of forage source on microbial digestion in the rumen and nutrient supply to the intestine and to determine relationships between DMI, ruminal ...
Engelke E - - 1996
Data for milking parameters were obtained from three different milking clusters using a modified Latin square design to take into account the real milking time regimen of the farm and the time requirements to sort cows. In this modification, cows entered the milking parlor in a random sequence rather than ...
Young C W - - 1996
The estimate of inbreeding for registered Holstein females born during 1990 was 5.1 +/- 0.4% for a random sample of 600 two-line pedigrees. Previously published estimates were 4.7% for 1970, 3.8% for 1976, and 4.3% for 1982 from similar samples of pedigrees. These estimates were calculated using a base of ...
Dürr J W - - 1996
Neutrophil phagocytic parameters, measured on 25 AI Canadian Holstein bulls, were investigated for evidence of association with production and type traits, SCC, and survival of dairy cows. An animal model and REML methodologies were used to evaluate the bulls for their neutrophil potential phagocytic activity and capacity. A total of ...
Alban L - - 1996
This paper presents the second part of a questionnaire survey carried out in 2148 Danish dairy herds during 1994, as well as results from a similar survey carried out in 1983. The welfare status and trends during the 11 year period are discussed with respect to cattle housing systems and ...
Kinsman R - - 1995
Methane and CO2 emissions from a herd of 118 lactating cows were measured directly by continuous monitoring with an infrared gas analyzer from 24 gas sampling locations. A total of 112 d of gas output was recorded between June 1993 and November 1993. Recordings were integrated at .5-h intervals, so ...
Csapó J - - 1995
The California Mastitis Test was used as an indicator of mastitis in this study. Five cows were chosen for each of the five test scores (from 0 = healthy to 4 = severe mastitis). Milk samples were analyzed for free AA and free D-AA. The contents of free AA, free ...
Edwards J F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential food safety risks constituted by recumbent cattle that are slaughtered for edible beef. DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirty cattle in recumbency that passed a routine antemortem inspection at a US federally inspected abattoir. PROCEDURE: Aerobic, bacteriologic culture of blood samples taken immediately prior to ...
Miller R H - - 1995
Distances among teats were measured immediately prior to and immediately following milking in 912 lactations of 506 Holstein cows to assess variation due to age (parity), stage of lactation, year, and observer. Data were used to simulate success or failure to attach by the Gascoigne Melotte robotic milker. Distance between ...
Arndt G A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to derive a linear approximation to Brody's equation for oxygen consumption as a simpler alternative for the clinician. METHODS: The approximation was derived by using calculus to construct a line tangent to Brody's equation at 81 kg. RESULTS: The linear approximation was derived ...
Hoorfar J - - 1995
Levels of antibodies to the O antigens (O:1,9,12) of Salmonella dublin were tested in 1355 serum, 1143 cow milk and 160 bulk milk samples from dairy herds using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In order to define the background reaction, milk samples from all lactating cows and serum samples from ...
Blauwiekel R - - 1995
Liquid effluent from baker's yeast production was fed to dairy cows to determine whether effluent is an acceptable feed and whether it affects milk yield or composition. Effluent averaged 5.4% DM and 6.1% N (DM basis). In experiment 1, 20 Holstein cows were offered effluent free choice or no effluent ...
Willard S T - - 1995
Pregnant Brahman cows (n = 38) and heifers (n = 12) were assigned, 90 d before expected calving dates, to one of three treatment groups: 1) 0 g of free gossypol(FG).animal-1.d-1 (FGHD) from soybean meal (SBM), controls; 2) 2 g of FGHD from SBM and cottonseed meal (CSM), low FG; ...
Bosch M W - - 1995
Four non-lactating, rumen-fistulated cows were fed ad lib. on two grass silages (first cut (FC) and second cut (SC) harvested at different growth stages, resulting in different crude-protein (CP) and neutral-detergent-fibre (NDF) contents (FC, 152g CP/kg, 515g NDF/kg and SC, 210g CP/kg, 442g NDF/kg). Voluntary intake and rumen contents, total ...
Maggioni G - - 1995
The author reviews the current concepts on the weaning process of infant age and the breast feeding practice in the last 50 years in Italy, with particular emphasis on the reduction of its frequency and duration in time. Weaning can be summarized by three questions: why? when? how? The best ...
Gjein H - - 1995
A field study was carried out in 18 herds with loose housing of pregnant sows (loose herds) and in 18 herds with tethered or stalled pregnant sows (confined herds). Three of the loose herds were excluded due to different kind of flooring from the rest of the herds. The remaining ...
Knight C H - - 1994
The proportions of milk stored in the gland cistern (cisternal) and within secretory alveolar tissue (alveolar) were determined for a group of ten cows in mid lactation, yielding approximately 20 kg milk/d. As a proportion of total milk, cisternal milk, measured at 8 h after milking, ranged from 0.09 to ...
Walker-Smith J - - 1994
There are two types of food sensitive enteropathy; permanent and temporary. Celiac disease belongs to the former, the temporary food sensitive enteropathies of early childhood to the latter. A food sensitive enteropathy is characterized by an abnormal small intestinal mucosa while having the offending food in the diet; the abnormality ...
Pool-Anderson K - - 1994
Six pairs of full-sibling Quarter Horse foals were produced by non-surgical embryo transfer and immediate rebreeding of donor mares. Each pair of donor/recipient mares consisted of one multiparous (donor) and one nulliparous (recipient) mare of similar body type and size. Milk yield was determined within 2 d of 8, 15, ...
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