Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 518
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Fox L K - - 2003
Changes in teat skin surface pH were studied over 12 wk in 99 lactating Holstein cows. Half the udder of each cow routinely received postmilking disinfection, and the other half served as control. Measures of pH were made on all teats at weekly intervals. Teat skin pH was affected by ...
Ghani Q Perveen - - 2003
Nearly 36 years ago Thomas K. Hunt, with Patrick Twomey, was the first to report that the level of lactate significantly increases in healing wounds. This observation convinced him that lactate, besides being the by-product of glycolysis, must have a regulatory role in the healing process. He set out to ...
St Rose Suzanne G - - 2003
A randomized, controlled field trial was performed in The Netherlands to determine the therapeutic efficacy of parenteral penethamate hydriodide (Leocillin) against naturally occurring, chronic, streptococcal mastitis during lactation. Quarter milk samples were collected from subclinical cases of Streptococcus uberis or Streptococcus dysgalactiae mastitis to determine the effect of treatment on ...
Biddle Mary K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine patterns of mycoplasma shedding in the milk of dairy cows with intramammary mycoplasma infection. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: 10 Holstein cows with intramammary mycoplasma infection. PROCEDURE: Milk samples were collected from each cow daily for 28 days and plated on mycoplasma agar to evaluate shedding patterns. ...
Bachman K C - - 2003
Milk production per cow has increased as a result of progressive changes in the genetics and management of the dairy animal population. A management constant during many decades of progress has been the widely adopted dry period length of 51 to 60 d. The scientific basis for that industry standard ...
Levy Yael - - 2003
Over a of 7-year period, six patients (four males, two females aged 3-12 months) were diagnosed with food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) triggered by foods other than cow's milk and soy: chicken in four, turkey in two, peas in one, and lentils in one (five patients reacted to more than ...
Ngoh Maureen A - - 2003
The objective of this study was to establish a withdrawal period for flunixin in milk by quantifying 5-hydroxyflunixin, the marker residue, in bovine milk as a function of time, following intravenous treatment of lactating dairy cows with flunixin-N-methyl glucamine (Banamine or Finadyne). Lactating dairy cows were dosed on three consecutive ...
Middleton John R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the elimination kinetics of chlorhexidine in milk when used as an intramammary infusion to stop lactation in cows. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 6 cows. PROCEDURE: The study was performed in 2 phases. Three cows were studied in each phase. All cows were treated with chlorhexidine suspension by ...
Walker-Smith John - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Because of the high prevalence of cow's milk allergy as one of the most frequent clinical presentations of food allergy in infancy and early childhood, it is important to define the condition accurately. Allergy must be distinguished from the broader term food intolerance, which may be defined as a ...
Arunvipas P - - 2003
We determined the effects of non-nutritional factors such as breed, parity, days in milk (DIM), milk production, milk quality and milk components on milk urea nitrogen (MUN) concentration. A total of 177 dairy farms in Prince Edward Island containing 10,688 lactating dairy cows participated in the project. Individual-cow milk samples ...
Paajanen Laura - - 2003
It has been hypothesized that certain consumers tolerate untreated cow's milk, but react to processed (i.e. homogenized and pasteurized) cow's milk although they do not suffer from IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy or lactose intolerance. The aim of the study was to compare the tolerance of unhomogenized and homogenized cow's milk ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Infantile food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a severe, cell-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity typically provoked by cow's milk or soy. Solid foods are rarely considered a cause. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and natural history of FPIES provoked by solid foods. METHODS: Patients with FPIES induced by solid ...
Wagner-Storch A M - - 2003
This study compared feeding and milking behavior and milk yields for cows housed in the same barn, fed the same ration, but milked with a conventional milking parlor (parlor) or automatic milking system (robot). Behavioral data were videotaped hourly 1 d/mo for 9 mo. Feeding behavior patterns differed and were ...
KocabaƟ Can Naci - - 2003
Cow's milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies prevalent during infancy and it may cause anaphylactic reactions in more sensitive patients. Cow's milk is found in a large variety of processed foods but its presence may be hidden as it is occasionally listed on the product label ...
Zwald N R - - 2003
Currently, the International Bull Evaluation Service calculates international dairy sire evaluations using the multiple-trait across country evaluation procedure. This method depends implicitly on political boundaries between countries, because the input data are national evaluations from each participating country. Therefore, different countries are treated as different production environments. The goal of ...
Vote D J - - 2003
Four experiments were conducted in two commercial packing plants to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercial online video image analysis (VIA) system (the Computer Vision System equipped with a BeefCam module [CVS BeefCam]) to predict tenderness of beef steaks using online measurements obtained at chain speeds. Longissimus muscle (LM) samples ...
Heringstad B - - 2003
Records taken on 13,070 first-lactation daughters of 250 Norwegian Cattle sires were used to examine associations between susceptibility to clinical mastitis and to culling. Clinical mastitis was defined as a binary trait, whereas culling was treated as either binary (culled or not culled) or continuous (length of opportunity period) for ...
Walsh Marie K - - 2003
Cloning technologies, including embryo splitting and nuclear transfer, were introduced into dairy cattle breeding in the early 1980s. With the recent worldwide attention on the cloning of sheep ("Dolly") and cows ("Gene"), the potential food safety concerns for food products derived from cloned animals needs to be addressed. There has ...
Chanlun Aran - - 2002
The relationship between the level of Neospora caninum antibodies in bulk milk and the seroprevalence in lactating cows was investigated. Bulk milk was also used to estimate the prevalence of N. caninum infection in dairy herds in the northeast and north Thailand. Bulk milk and individual serum from all lactating ...
Creamer Lawrence K - - 2002
Dairying into the 21st century will largely continue with the trends seen in the past few decades, although there is always the possibility of an unlikely but disruptive event. The politics of globalization will potentially be important in freeing up global trade in dairy products. Production on the farm will ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This report summarizes a review of anaphylactic reactions to cow's milk and beef presented at a recent conference on adverse reactions to bovine proteins. DATA SOURCES: A review of pertinent PubMed (National Library of Medicine) articles was performed. Relevant publications were critically analyzed. STUDY SELECTION: The expert opinion of ...
Yeruham I - - 2002
The German wasp, Vespula germanica has been observed to injure teats of dairy cows, causing lesions that are associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis. The presence of skin lesions on the teats, caused by the wasps, was recorded in a dairy cattle herd located in the Samaria foothills during July-October ...
Oranje Arnold P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This review was undertaken to determine the role of adverse reactions to bovine proteins in atopic dermatitis, recently called atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS). DATA SOURCES: A PubMed literature search was conducted with use of the following phrases: atopic dermatitis and food allergy, atopic dermatitis and cow's milk, and cow's ...
Nicholas Gina D - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of stage of lactation (SOL) and time of year on plasmin-derived proteolytic activity in the milk of pasture-fed dairy cows in New Zealand. Four herds of 20 Friesian cows were used, one herd calving in each of January, April, July ...
Bargo F - - 2002
Forty-five Holsteins cows in early to mid lactation were used to compare three feeding systems combining pasture and total mixed rations (TMR) on animal performance in a 21-wk repeated-measures experiment. The three treatments were: 1) pasture plus concentrate (PC), 2) pasture plus partial TMR (pTMR), and 3) TMR (non-pasture). Total ...
Strojan S T - - 2002
Lead from industry, and vehicles in some countries, can contaminate cattle pastures. We determined the concentrations of lead on herbage that cows can detect. Four cows were trained in a four-lane maze to detect an herbage sample that was superficially contaminated with 240 mg Pb/kg from three uncontaminated samples, and ...
Cottrill B - - 2002
The relationship between milk urea concentration and the fertility of dairy cows was examined in two studies. The first examined the relationship between bulk milk urea concentration and overall herd fertility, using data collected from 250 herds in the UK. There was no relationship either between bulk milk urea concentration ...
Carlson Gary P - - 2002
4-Vinylphenol (4-hydroxystyrene, 4-ethenylphenol, 4-VP) occurs naturally in some foods and has been used as a flavoring agent in food products. It is used synthetically in the production of polymers and resins. It has also been reported to be a minor metabolite of styrene in rats and humans. Varying doses of ...
Reese Scott A - - 2002
Common snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus), were submerged in anoxic and normoxic water at 3 degrees C. Periodic blood samples were taken, and PO(2), PCO(2), pH, [Na(+)], [K(+)], [Cl(-)], total Ca, total Mg, [lactate], [glucose], hematocrit, and osmolality were measured; weight gain was determined; and plasma [HCO(3)(-)] was calculated. Submergence ...
Tom E M - - 2002
Production and behavioral measures were recorded to determine the level of stress and pain associated with tail docking adult dairy cows with a rubber ring. The possible advantages of using an epidural anesthetic were also examined. Sixty-four lactating, mixed-parity, Holstein cows were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups. ...
Quan M - - 2002
Investigaltions to determine the effect of sample storage on the concentration of copper in liver tissue and on the activity of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase were undertaken in preparation for a study of blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) that were suspected to be suffering from copper deficiency. Two liver samples were collected ...
Asanuma Narito - - 2002
To clarify the significance of the activation of pyruvate formate-lyase (PFL) by PFL-activating enzyme (PFL-AE) in Streptococcus bovis, the molecular properties and gene expression of PFL-AE were investigated. S. bovis PFL-AE was deduced to consist of 261 amino acids with a molecular mass of 29.9 kDa and appeared to be ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2002
Cow's milk allergy affects approximately 2% of infants under 2 years of age. This review summarizes the recent advances in understanding its pathophysiology and immunological mechanisms. Apart from IgE-mediated atopic manifestations, T cell-mediated reactions have been demonstrated in infants with cow's milk allergy. The clinical spectrum ranges from immediate-type reactions, ...
Jonker J S - - 2002
Improving the efficiency of feed N utilization by dairy cattle is the most effective means to reduce nutrient losses from dairy farms. The objectives of this study were to quantify the impact of different management strategies on the efficiency of feed N utilization for dairy farms in the Chesapeake Bay ...
Ginther O J - - 2002
Four herds of pony mares, each consisting of a stallion and six mares, were used to characterize the nature of herding by the stallion and the factors that induced the herding behavior. Herding behaviors were compared among four successive treatments (six mares alone, stallion added, two new mares added, and ...
Jonker J S - - 2002
The hypothesis of this field study was that providing farmers with information regarding their herd's milk urea nitrogen (MUN) would result in more accurate feed management and a change in MUN toward target values. All dairy herd bulk tanks (n = 1156) in the Maryland and Virginia Milk Producers' Cooperative ...
Wagner A M - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of forestripping as a premilking stimulation technique on milk yield, milking unit attachment time, and milk flow rates in Holstein dairy cattle. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 24) were divided into two groups (HPE, high producing, early lactation; LPL, low ...
Huston Carla L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To monitor patterns of Salmonella fecal shedding in naturally infected dairy herds, determine the association between fecal shedding and individual animal production measures, and evaluate potential risk factors for shedding of Salmonella organisms among cattle in dairy herds. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 5 Ohio dairy herds. PROCEDURE: For ...
Wang Xing-Jun - - 2002
Dehydration tolerance of in vitro orchid protocorms was investigated under controlled drying conditions and after abscisic acid (ABA) pretreatment. Protocorms were obtained by germinating seeds on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 10% (v/v) coconut water, 2% (w/v) sucrose and 0.8% (w/v) agar, and were dehydrated in relative humidities (RH) ...
Schade Rogier P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The release of T(H)2 cytokines by food-specific T cells is thought to be important in the etiology of food allergy. It has been suggested that the activation state of food-specific T cells also plays a significant role, but this has not yet been studied at the single-cell level. OBJECTIVE: ...
Hemsworth P H - - 2002
Two experiments, one involving 29 commercial farms and the other involving 94 commercial farms, were conducted to examine the effects of a training program targeting a number of attitudinal and behavioral variables in stockpeople. These stockperson variables had been previously shown to be related to fear of humans and productivity ...
Oura L Y - - 2002
Two acidified sodium chlorite postmilking teat disinfectants were evaluated for efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae by using National Mastitis Council experimental challenge procedures. The effect of these teat dips on teat skin and teat end condition was also determined. Both dips contained 0.32% sodium chlorite, 1.32% lactic, and ...
Stefanowska J - - 2002
Cow preferences for one of two compartments with different floors were tested in a barn with two symmetrical, connected compartments, each intended for 16 cows. Compartments were identical except for the floor. One floor was grooved longitudinally to the feeding barrier and the other was slotted perpendicular to that barrier. ...
Alcock Ruth E - - 2002
PCDD/F congener profiles have been used to determine the source of elevated TEQ concentrations in cows' milk collected in the vicinity of several industrial sites. Principal components analysis and modelling of the air-to-milk transfer of individual PCDD/F congeners have shown that the milk fingerprint was related to that of sediment ...
Guidi A - - 2001
Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST) treatment is adopted in dairy cows to augment milk yield. Previous studies showed that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is present in milk from cows treated with rBST. Since IGF-1 is a suspected carcinogen, its presence in milk for human consumption is potentially a health hazard. Therefore ...
White S L - - 2001
This study determined distribution of feces and urine from 36 lactating dairy cattle (Bos taurus) managed in a rotationally grazed 0.74-ha endophyte-free tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.)-white clover (Trifolium repens L.) pasture. Cows were observed for 24 h five times from July 1997 to April 1998, and for 13.5 h ...
Thomas E D - - 2001
A study was undertaken to compare Novartis N29-F1, a dual-purpose 90-d relative maturity corn hybrid, and Novartis NX3018, a 90-d relative maturity leafy corn silage hybrid for dry matter (DM) yield, in vitro digestibility, plant components, nutrient composition, and lactational performance by Holstein cows. The two corn hybrids were planted ...
Tsenkova R - - 2001
The potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) in the region from 1,100 to 2,500 nm to measure somatic cell count (SCC) content of cow's milk was investigated. A total of 196 milk samples from seven Holstein cows were collected for 28, consecutive days, starting from 7th d after calving, and analyzed ...
Gillett A G - - 2001
A recently developed semi-mechanistic temporal model is used to predict food product radiocaesium activity concentrations using soil characteristics available from spatial soil databases (exchangeable K, pH, percentage clay and percentage organic matter content). A raster database of soil characteristics, radiocaesium deposition, and crop production data has been developed for England ...
Niggemann B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk allergy is the most common cause of clinically relevant adverse reactions to food in infants and children. Partially and extensively hydrolyzed formulae are used for the therapy and prevention of cow's milk allergy. However, the immunogenic potency of hydrolyzed cow's milk formulae to induce and/or enhance the ...
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