Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 505
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Paajanen Laura - - 2003
It has been hypothesized that certain consumers tolerate untreated cow's milk, but react to processed (i.e. homogenized and pasteurized) cow's milk although they do not suffer from IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy or lactose intolerance. The aim of the study was to compare the tolerance of unhomogenized and homogenized cow's milk ...
Nowak-Wegrzyn Anna - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Infantile food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a severe, cell-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity typically provoked by cow's milk or soy. Solid foods are rarely considered a cause. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics and natural history of FPIES provoked by solid foods. METHODS: Patients with FPIES induced by solid ...
Wagner-Storch A M - - 2003
This study compared feeding and milking behavior and milk yields for cows housed in the same barn, fed the same ration, but milked with a conventional milking parlor (parlor) or automatic milking system (robot). Behavioral data were videotaped hourly 1 d/mo for 9 mo. Feeding behavior patterns differed and were ...
KocabaƟ Can Naci - - 2003
Cow's milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies prevalent during infancy and it may cause anaphylactic reactions in more sensitive patients. Cow's milk is found in a large variety of processed foods but its presence may be hidden as it is occasionally listed on the product label ...
Zwald N R - - 2003
Currently, the International Bull Evaluation Service calculates international dairy sire evaluations using the multiple-trait across country evaluation procedure. This method depends implicitly on political boundaries between countries, because the input data are national evaluations from each participating country. Therefore, different countries are treated as different production environments. The goal of ...
Vote D J - - 2003
Four experiments were conducted in two commercial packing plants to evaluate the effectiveness of a commercial online video image analysis (VIA) system (the Computer Vision System equipped with a BeefCam module [CVS BeefCam]) to predict tenderness of beef steaks using online measurements obtained at chain speeds. Longissimus muscle (LM) samples ...
Heringstad B - - 2003
Records taken on 13,070 first-lactation daughters of 250 Norwegian Cattle sires were used to examine associations between susceptibility to clinical mastitis and to culling. Clinical mastitis was defined as a binary trait, whereas culling was treated as either binary (culled or not culled) or continuous (length of opportunity period) for ...
Walsh Marie K - - 2003
Cloning technologies, including embryo splitting and nuclear transfer, were introduced into dairy cattle breeding in the early 1980s. With the recent worldwide attention on the cloning of sheep ("Dolly") and cows ("Gene"), the potential food safety concerns for food products derived from cloned animals needs to be addressed. There has ...
Chanlun Aran - - 2002
The relationship between the level of Neospora caninum antibodies in bulk milk and the seroprevalence in lactating cows was investigated. Bulk milk was also used to estimate the prevalence of N. caninum infection in dairy herds in the northeast and north Thailand. Bulk milk and individual serum from all lactating ...
Creamer Lawrence K - - 2002
Dairying into the 21st century will largely continue with the trends seen in the past few decades, although there is always the possibility of an unlikely but disruptive event. The politics of globalization will potentially be important in freeing up global trade in dairy products. Production on the farm will ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This report summarizes a review of anaphylactic reactions to cow's milk and beef presented at a recent conference on adverse reactions to bovine proteins. DATA SOURCES: A review of pertinent PubMed (National Library of Medicine) articles was performed. Relevant publications were critically analyzed. STUDY SELECTION: The expert opinion of ...
Yeruham I - - 2002
The German wasp, Vespula germanica has been observed to injure teats of dairy cows, causing lesions that are associated with clinical and subclinical mastitis. The presence of skin lesions on the teats, caused by the wasps, was recorded in a dairy cattle herd located in the Samaria foothills during July-October ...
Oranje Arnold P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This review was undertaken to determine the role of adverse reactions to bovine proteins in atopic dermatitis, recently called atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS). DATA SOURCES: A PubMed literature search was conducted with use of the following phrases: atopic dermatitis and food allergy, atopic dermatitis and cow's milk, and cow's ...
Nicholas Gina D - - 2002
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of stage of lactation (SOL) and time of year on plasmin-derived proteolytic activity in the milk of pasture-fed dairy cows in New Zealand. Four herds of 20 Friesian cows were used, one herd calving in each of January, April, July ...
Bargo F - - 2002
Forty-five Holsteins cows in early to mid lactation were used to compare three feeding systems combining pasture and total mixed rations (TMR) on animal performance in a 21-wk repeated-measures experiment. The three treatments were: 1) pasture plus concentrate (PC), 2) pasture plus partial TMR (pTMR), and 3) TMR (non-pasture). Total ...
Strojan S T - - 2002
Lead from industry, and vehicles in some countries, can contaminate cattle pastures. We determined the concentrations of lead on herbage that cows can detect. Four cows were trained in a four-lane maze to detect an herbage sample that was superficially contaminated with 240 mg Pb/kg from three uncontaminated samples, and ...
Cottrill B - - 2002
The relationship between milk urea concentration and the fertility of dairy cows was examined in two studies. The first examined the relationship between bulk milk urea concentration and overall herd fertility, using data collected from 250 herds in the UK. There was no relationship either between bulk milk urea concentration ...
Carlson Gary P - - 2002
4-Vinylphenol (4-hydroxystyrene, 4-ethenylphenol, 4-VP) occurs naturally in some foods and has been used as a flavoring agent in food products. It is used synthetically in the production of polymers and resins. It has also been reported to be a minor metabolite of styrene in rats and humans. Varying doses of ...
Reese Scott A - - 2002
Common snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus), were submerged in anoxic and normoxic water at 3 degrees C. Periodic blood samples were taken, and PO(2), PCO(2), pH, [Na(+)], [K(+)], [Cl(-)], total Ca, total Mg, [lactate], [glucose], hematocrit, and osmolality were measured; weight gain was determined; and plasma [HCO(3)(-)] was calculated. Submergence ...
Tom E M - - 2002
Production and behavioral measures were recorded to determine the level of stress and pain associated with tail docking adult dairy cows with a rubber ring. The possible advantages of using an epidural anesthetic were also examined. Sixty-four lactating, mixed-parity, Holstein cows were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups. ...
Quan M - - 2002
Investigaltions to determine the effect of sample storage on the concentration of copper in liver tissue and on the activity of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase were undertaken in preparation for a study of blesbok (Damaliscus pygargus phillipsi) that were suspected to be suffering from copper deficiency. Two liver samples were collected ...
Asanuma Narito - - 2002
To clarify the significance of the activation of pyruvate formate-lyase (PFL) by PFL-activating enzyme (PFL-AE) in Streptococcus bovis, the molecular properties and gene expression of PFL-AE were investigated. S. bovis PFL-AE was deduced to consist of 261 amino acids with a molecular mass of 29.9 kDa and appeared to be ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2002
Cow's milk allergy affects approximately 2% of infants under 2 years of age. This review summarizes the recent advances in understanding its pathophysiology and immunological mechanisms. Apart from IgE-mediated atopic manifestations, T cell-mediated reactions have been demonstrated in infants with cow's milk allergy. The clinical spectrum ranges from immediate-type reactions, ...
Jonker J S - - 2002
Improving the efficiency of feed N utilization by dairy cattle is the most effective means to reduce nutrient losses from dairy farms. The objectives of this study were to quantify the impact of different management strategies on the efficiency of feed N utilization for dairy farms in the Chesapeake Bay ...
Ginther O J - - 2002
Four herds of pony mares, each consisting of a stallion and six mares, were used to characterize the nature of herding by the stallion and the factors that induced the herding behavior. Herding behaviors were compared among four successive treatments (six mares alone, stallion added, two new mares added, and ...
Jonker J S - - 2002
The hypothesis of this field study was that providing farmers with information regarding their herd's milk urea nitrogen (MUN) would result in more accurate feed management and a change in MUN toward target values. All dairy herd bulk tanks (n = 1156) in the Maryland and Virginia Milk Producers' Cooperative ...
Wagner A M - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of forestripping as a premilking stimulation technique on milk yield, milking unit attachment time, and milk flow rates in Holstein dairy cattle. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 24) were divided into two groups (HPE, high producing, early lactation; LPL, low ...
Huston Carla L - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To monitor patterns of Salmonella fecal shedding in naturally infected dairy herds, determine the association between fecal shedding and individual animal production measures, and evaluate potential risk factors for shedding of Salmonella organisms among cattle in dairy herds. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 5 Ohio dairy herds. PROCEDURE: For ...
Wang Xing-Jun - - 2002
Dehydration tolerance of in vitro orchid protocorms was investigated under controlled drying conditions and after abscisic acid (ABA) pretreatment. Protocorms were obtained by germinating seeds on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 10% (v/v) coconut water, 2% (w/v) sucrose and 0.8% (w/v) agar, and were dehydrated in relative humidities (RH) ...
Schade Rogier P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The release of T(H)2 cytokines by food-specific T cells is thought to be important in the etiology of food allergy. It has been suggested that the activation state of food-specific T cells also plays a significant role, but this has not yet been studied at the single-cell level. OBJECTIVE: ...
Hemsworth P H - - 2002
Two experiments, one involving 29 commercial farms and the other involving 94 commercial farms, were conducted to examine the effects of a training program targeting a number of attitudinal and behavioral variables in stockpeople. These stockperson variables had been previously shown to be related to fear of humans and productivity ...
Oura L Y - - 2002
Two acidified sodium chlorite postmilking teat disinfectants were evaluated for efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae by using National Mastitis Council experimental challenge procedures. The effect of these teat dips on teat skin and teat end condition was also determined. Both dips contained 0.32% sodium chlorite, 1.32% lactic, and ...
Stefanowska J - - 2002
Cow preferences for one of two compartments with different floors were tested in a barn with two symmetrical, connected compartments, each intended for 16 cows. Compartments were identical except for the floor. One floor was grooved longitudinally to the feeding barrier and the other was slotted perpendicular to that barrier. ...
Alcock Ruth E - - 2002
PCDD/F congener profiles have been used to determine the source of elevated TEQ concentrations in cows' milk collected in the vicinity of several industrial sites. Principal components analysis and modelling of the air-to-milk transfer of individual PCDD/F congeners have shown that the milk fingerprint was related to that of sediment ...
Guidi A - - 2001
Recombinant bovine somatotropin (rBST) treatment is adopted in dairy cows to augment milk yield. Previous studies showed that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is present in milk from cows treated with rBST. Since IGF-1 is a suspected carcinogen, its presence in milk for human consumption is potentially a health hazard. Therefore ...
White S L - - 2001
This study determined distribution of feces and urine from 36 lactating dairy cattle (Bos taurus) managed in a rotationally grazed 0.74-ha endophyte-free tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.)-white clover (Trifolium repens L.) pasture. Cows were observed for 24 h five times from July 1997 to April 1998, and for 13.5 h ...
Thomas E D - - 2001
A study was undertaken to compare Novartis N29-F1, a dual-purpose 90-d relative maturity corn hybrid, and Novartis NX3018, a 90-d relative maturity leafy corn silage hybrid for dry matter (DM) yield, in vitro digestibility, plant components, nutrient composition, and lactational performance by Holstein cows. The two corn hybrids were planted ...
Tsenkova R - - 2001
The potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) in the region from 1,100 to 2,500 nm to measure somatic cell count (SCC) content of cow's milk was investigated. A total of 196 milk samples from seven Holstein cows were collected for 28, consecutive days, starting from 7th d after calving, and analyzed ...
Gillett A G - - 2001
A recently developed semi-mechanistic temporal model is used to predict food product radiocaesium activity concentrations using soil characteristics available from spatial soil databases (exchangeable K, pH, percentage clay and percentage organic matter content). A raster database of soil characteristics, radiocaesium deposition, and crop production data has been developed for England ...
Niggemann B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk allergy is the most common cause of clinically relevant adverse reactions to food in infants and children. Partially and extensively hydrolyzed formulae are used for the therapy and prevention of cow's milk allergy. However, the immunogenic potency of hydrolyzed cow's milk formulae to induce and/or enhance the ...
Bosscher D - - 2001
An in vitro method was used to determine the availability of Zn from infant foods containing increasing amounts of phytate, and to quantify the effect of the phytate:Zn molar ratio on the availability. During the in vitro assay, digestive conditions of infants, younger and older than 4 months of age, ...
Munksgaard L - - 2001
We examined the effects of the presence of an unfamiliar, a gentle or an aversive handler during milking on behaviour and milk yield, and whether cows can learn to approach or avoid a handler by observing the neighbouring cow's responses. In Experiment 1, Danish Friesian cows (n=16) were treated gently ...
Rabiee A R - - 2001
This study was conducted to measure the effect of the level of daily milk yield on the excretion rate of progesterone (P4) in milk and faeces in high-producing (HP) and low-producing (LP) lactating dairy cows. A GnRH-agonist was implanted to block endogenous production of P4. A CIDR device was inserted ...
Bailey D W - - 2001
A study was conducted on foothills rangeland to determine whether grazing patterns differed among cow breeds and to determine whether there was a relationship between individual grazing patterns and performance of beef cows. Hereford (HH), Tarentaise (TT), 3/4 Hereford x 1/4 Tarentaise (3H1T), 1/2 Hereford x 1/2 Tarentaise (HT), and ...
Massey L K - - 2001
Recent clinical and biochemical evidence supporting the hypothesis that consumption of dairy products may be associated with reduced blood pressure and risk of stroke is reviewed. The two prospective studies of dairy food consumption and stroke incidence both indicate that a higher intake of dairy foods reduces risk. It is ...
Schor A - - 2001
To determine the production responses to rumen undegradable protein (RUP) feeding in grazing conditions, we fed 18 multiparous Holstein cows concentrates containing either soybean meal (SBM) or blood meal (BM) during the first 8 wk of lactation. One cow from the SBM treatment was removed because of mastitis. Six additional ...
Brandhorst-Hubbard J L - - 2001
Relative preferences of green June beetle, Cotinis nitida (L.), adults and grubs for different organic fertilizers were determined in field and laboratory choice experiments. Six organic fertilizer treatments (low rate of broiler litter, high rate of broiler litter, cow manure, hay, Milorganite, or no fertilizer [the control]) were applied to ...
Fábregas J - - 2001
The impact of different microalgal semicontinuous cultures on growth and biochemical composition in the next link of the food chain was tested using the filter feeder Artemia species as a model. The marine microalga Tetraselmis suecica was cultured semicontinuously with renewal rates between 10% and 50% and used to feed ...
Finger R - - 2001
Food production processes are increasingly influenced by quality and safety concerns. For dairy production, one of the food quality outcomes is a low level of bacteria in unprocessed milk. A putative on-farm control point for low levels of bacteria is teat and udder cleaning before milking. Currently there are no ...
Ballard C S - - 2001
Three corn hybrids, Mycogen TMF94, Cargill F337 (which contains a brown midrib trait), and Pioneer 3861 were compared in a plot trial, an intake trial, and a lactation trial. In the plot trial, the three corn hybrids were planted in replicated 15.2 x 385-m plots. Mycogen TMF94 and Cargill F337 ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >