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Lee J M - - 2008
In grazing systems, dry matter intake (DMI) and milk production have been reported to increase with increasing pasture allowance (PA). This has often led to greater postgrazing residual heights being associated with a well-fed cow. However, in previous studies pastures were often managed to be homogeneous pretreatment, confounding the effect ...
Walsh S - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential differences among Holstein-Friesian (HF), Montbéliarde (MB), Normande (NM), Norwegian Red (NRF), Montbéliarde x Holstein-Friesian (MBX), and Normande x Holstein-Friesian (NMX) across 2 seasonal grass-based systems of milk production. The effects of breed and feeding system on milk production, body weight, ...
Barigye Robert - - 2008
Acute deaths of cows held in a drylot and fed several crop processing plant by-products were investigated. Clinical signs in affected cows included diarrhea, ataxia, recumbency, hypersalivation, and sunken eyes. A histological diagnosis of ethylene glycol toxicosis, based on numerous birefringent crystals in renal tubules, was supported by toxicologic findings.
Mjoun K - - 2008
Byproducts of corn and soybeans have high phosphorus (P) content, but little is known about their P disappearance in the rumen of lactating dairy cows. In situ disappearance of P from corn and soybean feed-stuffs was determined in 2 experiments. In the first experiment, 3 ruminally cannulated lactating dairy cows ...
Spanamberg Andréia - - 2008
Mastitis is one of the most serious problems in the dairy cattle farms. The great majority of the cases are caused by bacteria, but lately there have been an increasing number of reports about cases of mycotic etiology. The objective of this work was to characterize the yeasts and yeast-like ...
Cline H J - - 2009
Four ruminally and duodenally cannulated beef steers (388 +/- 12 kg) were used to evaluate effects of advancing season on forage quality, intake, site of digestion, and microbial efficiency while grazing mixed-grass prairie in western North Dakota. Five 11-d sample collections were conducted from late June to mid-November. Chromic oxide ...
Klotz V - - 2008
Raw milk is a well-established vehicle for the carriage of human pathogens, and many regulatory bodies have consequently mandated compulsory pasteurization as a food safety intervention. The residual activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) has historically been used to verify the adequacy of pasteurization of cow's milk. However, there is uncertainty ...
Lukas J M - - 2008
This study investigates whether dry matter (DM) or water intake is affected by the presence of disease or estrus in dairy cows and whether water intake can serve as an accurate substitute for monitoring changes in DM intake (DMI). A combined cumulative sum (CUSUM) and Shewhart monitoring scheme is proposed ...
Paugh Jerry R - - 2008
PURPOSE: It was the purpose of this investigation to examine both retention time (RT) and retention of effect of two ophthalmic formulations in the same dry eye subjects. METHODS: This was a randomized, subject-masked cross-over study. Dry eye subjects, characterized by sub-type, were recruited. For direct RT measurement, fluorescein isothiocyanate ...
Linage B - - 2008
The dynamics of intramammary infection (IMI) during the dry period were studied in 435 half-udders of 229 Assaf ewes, belonging to 2 flocks with high and medium IMI prevalences. Ewes were randomly assigned to 2 lots: 1) treated lot (TL) with 223 half-udders (118 ewes), which received complete dry therapy ...
Vibart Ronaldo E - - 2008
Two, 8-week experiments, each using 30 lactating Holstein cows, were conducted to examine performance of animals offered combinations of total mixed ration (TMR) and high-quality pasture. Experiment 1 was initiated in mid October 2004 and Experiment 2 was initiated in late March 2005. Cows were assigned to either a 100% ...
Liu Jia J Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, The University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2008
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), an endogenous intracellular metabolite in glycolysis, was found in many preclinical studies to be neuroprotective during hypoxia-ischemia (HI) when administered exogenously. We looked for HI neuroprotection from FBP in a neonatal rat brain slice model, using 14.1 T (1)H/(31)P/(13)C NMR spectroscopy of perchloric acid slice extracts to ask: ...
Zhen Yu-Hong - - 2009
The objective of this study was to estimate the efficacy of specific egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) to bovine mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Eighteen lactating cows with clinical mastitis and 18 lactating cows with experimental mastitis (1 quarter per cow) were randomly assigned to three treatments: IgY (20mg/ml) infusion, penicillin ...
Campbell Stacy L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the impact on the quitline utilization and abstinence rates of increasing a free nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT) benefit from 4 weeks to 6 weeks. METHODS: Intake data were utilized to assess the number of callers to the quitline during the time period in which 4 ...
Capper Judith L - - 2008
The environmental impact of using recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) in dairy production was examined on an individual cow, industry-scale adoption, and overall production system basis. An average 2006 U.S. milk yield of 28.9 kg per day was used, with a daily response to rbST supplementation of 4.5 kg per cow. ...
Snijders Bianca E P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Scientific evidence is scarce about timing of solid-food introduction and its association with the development of atopy. We aimed to evaluate any associations between the introduction of cow milk products/other solid food products and infant atopic manifestations in the second year of life, taking into account reverse causation. METHODS: ...
Sanchez C A - - 2008
Perchlorate has the potential to cause thyroid dysfunction by inhibiting iodide uptake by the sodium iodide symporter. Perchlorate-contaminated waters may lead to human exposure through drinking water and food chain transfer in crops by way of irrigation water. Perchlorate has been found in dairy milk collected nationally and internationally. This ...
Cardot V - - 2008
The water intake of 41 lactating dairy cows managed according to current dairy farm practices was individually and continuously monitored to 1) investigate drinking behavior and 2) determine factors affecting water intake. The cows were housed in a free-stall barn and fed once daily with a corn silage and concentrate-based ...
Brambilla Gianfranco - - 2008
High level of PCDD+PCDF contamination in bulk milk (9.7 pg WHO-TE g(-1) fat) from 1604 Holstein Fresian lactacting cows was observed just four weeks after the beginning of their exposure to a feed supplement contaminated at 10.4 ng WHO-TE kg(-1) dry matter. In-farm produced hay and silage showed levels not ...
Madsen T G - - 2008
Reports over the past decade have indicated that normal lactational performance can be achieved in genetically superior and high-producing dairy cows, even when the dry period between 2 lactations is omitted. The hypothesis tested in this experiment was that normal lactogenesis I and metabolic function may be achievable in continuously ...
Assar Shima H - - 2009
We report the use of ultra pressure liquid chromatography (UPLC), coupled to a tandem mass spectrometer operated in multiple reaction monitoring mode to determine the advanced glycation endproduct, Nepsilon-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML). The procedure was applied to acid hydrolyzates of protein isolated from a range of foods (milks processed at different temperatures, ...
Mohamadnia A R - - 2008
In this current study, prevalence of lameness was detected and its changes during different parities, Days in Milk (DIM) and milk production were studies. In addition, effects of lameness on Open Days (OD) and Service per Conception (S/C) were studied. Three dairy farms on three scales (1: Large, approximately 900 ...
Chizzotti M L - - 2008
A meta-analysis was conducted to determine NE and net protein requirements of growing bulls, steers, and heifers of Nellore purebred and Nellore x Bos taurus crossbreds. A database of 16 comparative slaughter studies (n = 389 animals) was gathered to provide enough information to develop equations to predict the requirements ...
Braun U - - 2008
Seventeen cows with right displacement of the abomasum (rda) without abomasal volvulus, nine cows with abomasal volvulus and 10 clinically healthy cows were examined ultrasonographically. A 5.0 MHz transducer was used to scan the eighth to 12th intercostal spaces and the cranial and caudal aspects of the flank on the ...
Etela I - - 2008
Three sweet potato varieties (TIS-87/ 0087; TIS-8164; TIS-2532.OP.1.13) and Green panic (Panicum maximum) were evaluated for forage quality in a completely randomized design (CRD) using 12 sole-fed lactating White Fulani cows for 21 days, and 12 growing White Fulani and White Fulani x Brown Swiss calves for 77 days. Dry ...
Lamb Molly M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies on the etiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) suggest that the components of the infant diet are associated with islet autoimmunity (IA), a precursor of T1DM. The role of prenatal nutritional exposures has not been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: The Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young has ...
Sasidhar P - - 2008
Groundwater samples from the shallow unconfined aquifer were collected from fifteen borewells in Kalpakkam nuclear plant site and were analysed for various physico-chemical parameters. The pH, temperature, salinity, TDS and EC were measured in the field. The borewell samples were analysed in the laboratory for Ca(2+), Mg(2+), Na(+), Cl(-), CO(2-)(3), ...
Zapatero L - - 2008
Current treatment of food allergies consists of the elimination of the offending food from the diet. Desensitization or tolerance induction can be an alternative for those children who have not achieved tolerance spontaneously. We propose a cow's milk desensitization protocol carried out in an outpatient setting over a 9-10 week ...
Nucera E - - 2008
We attempted an oral rush desensitization with mixed cow and sheep milk in a 6-year-old boy who had had adverse reactions to cow and goat milks. Skin prick tests and specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E to cow, sheep and goat milks were positive. The double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge with cow milk ...
Grings E E - - 2008
Primiparous beef cows produced in 3 calving systems were used in a 2-yr study with a completely random design to measure milk yield throughout a 190-d lactation (2002, n = 20; 2003, n = 24 per calving system). Calving occurred in late winter (average calving date = February 4 +/- ...
Ferguson J D - - 2007
The objective of this study was to report the prevalence of intramammary infections (IMI) in Ragusa, Sicily, from milk samples (n = 18,711) collected between October 2000 and June 2006 from 101 dairy herds. Milk samples were collected at 9,747 cow sampling events from 5,285 individual cows. Samples were individual ...
Wapenaar Wendela - - 2007
CASE DESCRIPTION: The owner of a herd of 74 Holstein-Friesian cattle reported decreased milk production, weight loss, and coughing among lactating cows. Owner-initiated antimicrobial treatment was unsuccessful; 1 lactating cow died, and 50% of the lactating cows had clinical signs of respiratory distress, such as tachypnea and coughing. CLINICAL FINDINGS: ...
Pezeshki A - - 2007
To evaluate effects of different dry period lengths on milk yield, milk composition, and energy balance of dairy cows, 122 multiparous and primiparous Holstein dairy cows were used in a completely randomized experimental design with 56-, 42-, and 35-d dry period lengths. Actual dry period lengths for respective treatments (TRT) ...
Cook Nigel B - - 2009
Free stall housing increases the exposure of dairy cows' claws to concrete walk-ways and to manure between periods of rest, and generally shows the highest rate of lameness compared with other dairy management systems. However, there is great variation within a system, and the rate of new cases of lameness ...
Goff J P - - 2007
A major factor predisposing the cow to periparturient hypocalcemia, or milk fever, is being fed a prepartum ration with a high dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD). The DCAD can be favorably altered to prevent milk fever by decreasing K and Na or increasing Cl and S in forages for cows in ...
Kabuki Tomoyuki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a severe, cell-mediated food allergy in which digestive symptoms such as severe vomiting and diarrhea are induced by cow's milk and/or soy protein in infants. Generally, a food-specific IgE is not detected, and FPIES may be caused by inadvertent exposure to allergenic foods. ...
Quist M A - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to compare the multiple trait prediction (MTP) model estimate of 305-d lactation yield with the 305-d daily milk yield data from on-farm automated meters and software and to examine the accuracy of electronic identification (ID). Twenty-four-hour milk and component yields are calculated by using ...
López Rosario Lucas - - 2007
The influence of substrate composition on the production of enterocin EJ97 and the conditions for semi-preparative bacteriocin recovery have been studied. Final bacteriocin concentrations of 12.5 or 15.6 mg/l were obtained in the commercial media brain heart infusion broth (BHI) and tryptic soya broth, respectively. The bacteriocin was also produced ...
Rice Clifford P - - 2007
Perchlorate has been detected in U.S. milk samples from many different states. Applying data from a recently reported 9-week experiment in which 16 Holstein dairy cows were administered perchlorate allowed us to derive an equation for the dose-response relationship between perchlorate concentrations in feed/drinking water and its appearance in milk. ...
Roche J R - - 2007
The objective of this study was to explore the derivation of a mathematical model that adequately describes the intercalving body condition score (BCS) profile in dairy cows and is robust and applicable to different animal cohorts. The data used to generate the function were 75,352 daily BCS records across 3,209 ...
Kim Pilkyu - - 2007
The electrochemical etching of a metal wire with an attached mass at the end of the immersed wire is a new technique to enhance the yield rate of sharp tips. Unlike conventional electrochemical etching, the yield rate of sharp tips with subhundred nanometer apex could be increased up to around ...
Miceli Sopo Stefano - - 2007
Investigators have tried to identify a level of seric specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) that had a sufficient predictive value to diagnose a food allergy without having will resort to the food challenge. To search in literature, all the studies that have estimated the possibility to identify a level of seric ...
Strasser Erwin F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This prospective study compared white blood cell (WBC) storage in polyvinylchloride (PVC) bags and in polyolefin (POF) bags. After leukapheresis, CD14+ monocytes, CD11c+, and CD123+ precusor dendritic cells (DCs) were analyzed under platelet (PLT) storage conditions. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Twenty-five leukapheresis procedures were performed on blood cell separators ...
Pape-Zambito D A - - 2007
Some individuals have expressed concern about estrogens in food because of their potential to promote growth of estrogen-sensitive human cancer cells. Researchers have reported concentrations of estrogen in milk but few whole milk samples have been analyzed. Because estrogen associates with the fat phase of milk, the analysis of whole ...
Silva E - - 2007
Our objective was to determine whether a single examination of ovaries using transrectal ultrasonography at the first GnRH injection of a Presynch + Ovsynch protocol is a useful method for assessing cyclicity status and thereby enabling differential management of anovular vs. cyclic cows. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 842) receiving ...
Mavrogianni V S - - 2007
A total of 87 clinically healthy ovine teats were examined bacteriologically (by scraping the mucosa) and histologically. Teats examined were those of lactating mammary glands with no bacteria isolated (n = 23); of mammary glands after cessation of lactation with no bacteria isolated (n = 25); of lactating mammary glands ...
Ozbek Ozlem Y - - 2007
Cow's milk protein enteropathy is a symptom complex that composed of severe diarrhoea and malnutrition. This disorder is caused by non-immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy. Its clinical features and natural course have been explained in many reports, of different types of cow's milk and soy reactions. In the present article, we ...
Maloney Jennifer - - 2007
Cow's milk protein allergy is the most common food allergy in infants and young children. It is estimated that up to 50% of pediatric cow's milk allergy is non-IgE-mediated. Allergic proctocolitis is a benign disorder manifesting with blood-streaked stools in otherwise healthy-appearing infants who are breast- or formula-fed. Symptoms resolve ...
Le Faouder J - - 2007
Fipronil, a phenylpyrazole insecticide introduced for pest control on a broad range of crops, can also affect non-target insects such as honeybees. More widely, non-target environment such as milk produced by dairy cows fed with maize silage from treated seeds (=silage T) can be affected. To assess the potential transfer ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2007
Childhood cow's milk allergy is a diagnosis encompassing various syndromes. Antigen-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody interaction is classically involved in mast cell degranulation in IgE-mediated food allergy, while non-IgE mediated cow's milk allergy is mostly mediated by cellular mechanisms. The diagnosis of cow's milk allergy largely relies on a good knowledge ...
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