Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 950
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Lyons Ariel-Ann - - 2008
We used self-reported and measured height and weight data to examine the relationship between food insecurity and obesity. We defined food insecurity according to 3 different models. We used self-reported and measured height and weight from 2 versions of the Canadian Community Health Survey to calculate obesity rates. When self-reported ...
Best Cora M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relation between parental tobacco use and malnutrition in children <5 y of age and compared expenditures on foods in households with and without tobacco use. METHODS: Tobacco use, child anthropometry, and other factors were examined in a stratified, multistage cluster sample of 77 678 households from ...
Buijzen Moniek - - 2008
In a diary-survey study in 234 households with children aged 4-12 years, we investigated the associations between children's exposure to food advertising and their consumption of (a) advertised food brands, (b) advertised energy-dense food product categories, and (c) food products overall. Relations were examined using multiple hierarchical regression analysis, while ...
Khan N C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the household intakes of retinol and carotenoids and social economic factors determining their intakes. SUBJECTS: Data on a total of 1001 households (771 in rural areas and 230 in urban areas) were used in the analyses. Interviewed person was household food preparer. RESULTS: Mean (s.d.) intake of ...
Hamilton Sally - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine food and nutrient availability in New Zealand using supermarket sales data in conjunction with a brand-specific supermarket food composition database (SFD). DESIGN: The SFD was developed by selecting the top-selling supermarket food products and linking them to food composition data from a variety of sources, before merging ...
Chávez Noel - - 2007
National level data show food insecurity/insufficiency is more common in Latino families than the dominant population, however local ethnic rates aren't often available, nor have there been many studies of food insufficiency/insecurity among Latino ethnic groups. This study presents food insufficiency data from three low income immigrant Latino Chicago communities. ...
Weigel M Margaret - - 2007
Emerging evidence suggests chronic household food insecurity has an adverse effect on health. This study examined the prevalence, predictors and health outcomes associated with food insecurity in 100 migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) households living on the U.S.-Mexico border. Data were collected using the U.S. Food Security Scale, California Agricultural ...
- - 2007
The government of Zimbabwe has been accused in the media over the last few years of using food as a political weapon. This paper reviews the evidence and provides data from two villages in Matabeleland describing food insecurity at a personal level. The data supports the view that food has ...
Kleinman Ronald E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use and accuracy of a brief screening tool to identify family hunger, administered in an inner-city primary health care setting and the use of food assistance programs by families in this setting. METHODS: Parents were asked to complete a screening tool for hunger during a routine ...
Khan M M H - - 2007
Bangladesh has already experienced the biggest catastrophe in the world due to arsenic contamination of drinking water. This study investigates the association of drinking arsenic-contaminated water (DACW) with both personal and household characteristics of 9116 household respondents using the household data of the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2004. ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to food advertising on television (TV) among children aged 2 through 11 years. DESIGN: Weighted examination of the distribution of national advertisements (ads) using TV ratings data. SETTING: National ads from 170 top-rated TV shows viewed by children aged 2 through 11 years from September 1, ...
Yeudall Fiona - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Urban agriculture is an important livelihood strategy to increase access to and availability of food in urban settings. OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of sociodemographic and farming variables on the household food security and nutritional security of an index child aged 2 to 5 years. Our hypothesis was that ...
Hanson Karla L - - 2007
Prior research shows that food insecurity is associated with being overweight in women, with few and ambiguous results in men. Little is known about the characteristics and roles of individuals who are most likely to be both food insecure and overweight or obese. This study analyzed associations between food insecurity ...
Taylor Jennifer P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess food consumption among aboriginal children living on Mi'kmaq reserves in Prince Edward Island, Canada. DESIGN: Data were collected as part of a larger study of health perceptions and behaviors in Mi'kmaq children and youth ages 1 to 18 years. Food consumption was assessed using a self-administered food ...
Cowburn Gill - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the nature of the link between food advertising in UK magazines aimed at children and young people and Internet food marketing, to establish whether consideration should be given to tightening existing controls. DESIGN: A review and descriptive analysis of food advertising found in a sample of the ...
Zerafati Shoae Nahid - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of the adapted Radimer/Cornell questionnaire to measure food insecurity in low-income urban households in Tehran, the capital of Iran. DESIGN: The Radimer/Cornell questionnaire was modified and used to assess the applicability, validity and reliability of such a measure in a culturally different context of urban ...
Chilton Mariana - - 2007
This qualitative study examined the relationship between health, hunger, and food insecurity among African American women in Philadelphia. Four focus groups and 12 individual in-home, semistructured interviews were conducted. 3 food pantries in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 34 women recruited from 3 food pantries. Interview topics included participants' experiences of food insecurity, ...
Stein Alexander J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the potential impact of zinc biofortification of rice and wheat on public health in India and to evaluate its cost-effectiveness compared with alternative interventions and international standards. DESIGN: The burden of zinc deficiency (ZnD) in India was expressed in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost. Current zinc intakes ...
Melgar-Quinonez H R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the internal validity of a multiple-item measure of household food security in Brazil using statistical methods based on the single-parameter logistic (Rasch) measurement model. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sample of the non-institutionalized civilian population living in the municipality of Campinas selected using stratified cluster sampling. Of the 1000 households randomly ...
Seligman Hilary K - - 2007
Food insecurity refers to limited or uncertain access to food resulting from inadequate financial resources. There is a clear association between food insecurity and obesity among women, but little is known about the relationship between food insecurity and type 2 diabetes. To evaluate whether there is an independent association between ...
Kersey Margaret - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To measure rates of hunger and food insecurity among young US-born Latino children with Mexican immigrant parents (Latinos) compared with a non-immigrant non-Latino population (non-Latinos) in a low-income clinic population. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: A repeated cross-sectional survey of 4278 caregivers of children < 3 years of age in ...
Kim Kirang - - 2007
The relation of food insecurity in elders with outcomes such as overweight and depression, and the influence of participation in food assistance programs on these relations, has not been established. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between food insecurity and weight and depression in elders, and ...
Dubowitz Tamara - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates how lifecourse, immigrant status and acculturation, and neighbourhood of residence influence food purchasing and preparation among low-income women with children, living in the USA. This research sought to understand physical and economic access to food, from both 'individual' and 'community' perspectives. DESIGN: This study used qualitative ...
Hadley Craig - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the occurrence and severity of food insecurity, and examine associations between food insecurity and measures of socio-economic status and indicators of acculturation. DESIGN: Structured interviews among a non-probability sample of West African refugees at baseline and 6 months' follow-up. Setting Mid-sized city in north-eastern USA. SUBJECTS: One ...
Leyna G H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of reported food insufficiency associated socio-demographic factors and health indicators in rural Tanzania. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A rural community in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. SUBJECTS: Eight hundred and ninety nine individuals aged 15-36 years. A structured questionnaire was administered to collect information on socio-demographic factors, ...
Bukusuba John - - 2007
Because HIV/AIDS negatively impacts on the food security status of households, it is crucial to identify how households respond to these impacts, in order to identify positive food security entry points and design strategies that can effectively alleviate food insecurity among the households of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). A ...
McIntyre Lynn - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which identified nutrient inadequacies in the dietary intakes of a sample of food-insecure women could be ameliorated by increasing their access to the 'healthy' foods they typically eat. DESIGN: Merged datasets of 226 food-insecure women who provided at least three 24-hour dietary intake recalls ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern and prevalence of food and drink advertisements to children on commercial television in Sydney, Australia, and compare these with advertising regulations set out in the Children's Television Standards and results from a similar study in 2002. DESIGN: Data were collected by recording television from 06.00 ...
Kaiser Lucia - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with food insecurity in California women. DESIGN: The California Women's Health Survey is an ongoing annual telephone survey that collects data about health-related attitudes and behaviours from a randomly selected sample of women. Food insecurity of the women was measured by a 6-item subset of ...
Ni Mhurchu Cliona - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To pilot the design and methodology for a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) of two interventions to promote healthier food purchasing: culturally appropriate nutrition education and price discounts. DESIGN: A 12-week, single-blind, pilot RCT. Effects on food purchases were measured using individualised electronic shopping data ('Shop 'N Go' system). ...
Hadley Craig - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the occurrence of seasonal food insecurity was related to ethnicity, household wealth and perceived social support, and to assess whether social support was more efficacious in protecting against food insecurity in wealthier households. Secondary objectives were to assess the association between past food insecurity, current dietary ...
Nord Mark - - 2007
Food security, or consistent access to adequate food, is important for children's health and development. The first U.S. assessment of children's food security was conducted in 1995 using the U.S. Household Food Security Scale, a measure based on 18 survey questions developed by the USDA and the U.S. Department of ...
Kerr Rachel Bezner - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In order to effectively promote exclusive breastfeeding, it is important to first understand who makes child-care and child-feeding decisions, and why those decisions are made; as in most parts of the world, exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months of age is uncommon in Malawi. OBJECTIVE: To characterize early infant foods ...
Connell Carol L - - 2007
To assess food supply adequacy within 3 food store types in the Lower Mississippi Delta. Regional food store survey to determine availability and quality of 102 food items in 62 supermarkets, 77 small/medium stores, and 86 convenience stores. Lower Mississippi Delta region of the United States. 225 food stores in ...
Johnecheck Wendy A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Two large-scale studies, the National Surveillance System (NSS) Pilot Study (2003-2004) and the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA) 2003, were conducted by government, United Nations, and nongovernmental organizations in Afghanistan, as part of wider efforts characterizing Afghan livelihoods in relation to particular outcomes of interest: vulnerability to poverty, ...
Avallone Sylvie - - 2007
The diet of 200 randomly selected 1-year-old to 5-year-old children was studied in a rural area of Burkina Faso. The mothers took part in a questionnaire survey and a 24-h dietary recall to index the type and the ingested quantities of the food consumed by the child the previous day. ...
Ayala Guadalupe X - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between family variables and children's diets. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with households sampled using random-digit dialing. Children completed a one-time, self-administered survey, and mothers participated in a face-to-face structured interview. SETTING: Data collection occurred in southern San Diego County on the U.S.-Mexico border. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ...
Dastgiri Saeed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is frequent in both developed and developing countries, affecting from 5% to 25% of the general population. It has considerable health impacts on the physical, social, and psychological status of individuals in communities suffering from food insecurity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the ...
Hackett Michelle - - 2007
The objective of this research is to assess the validity of a modified US Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM) through its correlation with food supply and demographic factors, and its fitness using Rasch model analysis in rural Ecuador. This study examines the relationship between household food insecurity and household ...
Olson Christine M - - 2007
This study aimed to understand how poverty-associated food deprivation in childhood contributes to the well-known relationship between low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood and obesity in the adult years. Thirty low-income, rural women with at least one child were followed for over three years with annual semi-structured interviews collecting quantitative ...
Huang Junfang - - 2007
Ecological security has become so important that it will affect the national security and social sustainable development. In this paper, a case study on the ecological security indexes of modern oasis landscapes in Beitun Oasis, Xinjiang, was carried out. The spatial neighbouring parameters, such as the contiguous length, measure of ...
Kaushal N - - 2007
I use changes in immigrant eligibility for food stamps under the 1996 federal law and heterogeneous state responses to set up a natural experiment research design to study the effect of food stamps on Body Mass Index (BMI) of adults in immigrant families. I find that in the post-1996 period ...
Wilde Parke E - - 2007
The federal government has estimated the prevalence of household "food insecurity" and "food insecurity with hunger" since 1995. Early observers believed that the new measure could be used to assess and improve the Food Stamp Program (FSP). Ten years of research have tempered the initial optimism. The prevalence of food ...
Bhargava Alok - - 2007
Recent increases in consumption of added sugars in the US can reduce intake of vital nutrients and increase the overall energy intakes. A comprehensive framework is necessary for addressing the controversy surrounding the effects of added sugars on nutrient intakes while controlling for dietary knowledge, behavioral factors, and total energy ...
Jones Sonya J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional data indicate that a relationship between household food insecurity and overweight exists among women in the USA. Cross-sectional data cannot determine if food insecurity leads to overweight as some have hypothesised. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship of food insecurity with subsequent weight ...
Sausenthaler Stefanie - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between socio-economic indicators and diet among 2-year-old children, by assessing the independent contribution of parental education and equivalent income to food intake. DESIGN: The analysis was based on data from a prospective birth cohort study. Information on diet was obtained using a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. ...
Tolma Eleni - - 2007
PURPOSE: Food insecurity in the United States is a major public health issue. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the availability and quality of printed materials addressing food security targeted to special populations by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). DESIGN: Nutrition education resources addressing food ...
Martin Katie S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Examine relationships between adult obesity, childhood overweight, and food insecurity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Community settings in Hartford, Connecticut. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 200 parents and their 212 children, aged 2-12. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adult obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] > 30), childhood overweight (BMI-for-age > 95(th) percentile), ...
Rush Timothy J - - 2007
PURPOSE: The degree of food insecurity and dietary intake was examined in adult Colombians who are new immigrants to Canada and use a food bank. METHODS: In-person surveys were conducted on a convenience sample of 77 adult Colombian immigrant food bank users in London, Ontario. Degree of food insecurity was ...
Usfar Avita A - - 2007
The food security assessment used by the United State's Food Security/Hunger Survey Module (US- FSSM) was used in five studies: these were in two urban and four rural areas in Indonesia between February 2004- August 2005. The number of households assessed was 3,704 and consisted of 45% urban and 55% ...
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