Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 949
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Dean Moira - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influences of resources and food-related goals on the variety of food choice among older people. DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey in eight European countries: Poland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Denmark, Italy and Spain. SUBJECTS: Participants (n 3200) were above 65 years of age and living in ...
Walingo Mary K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Livestock development is one of the major important strategies adopted by the Government of Kenya to expand agricultural output and to improve the nutritional status in rural areas. Livestock development interventions have targeted women smallholder farmers, with the realization of the great role they play in agriculture and as ...
Osberg Lars - - 2009
How did rapid growth in per capita income and rising income inequality during 1991-2000 in China affect the health status of Chinese children, given that the disappearance in the 1990s of subsidized food coupons simultaneously increased the importance of money income in enabling consumption of basic foods by poor families? ...
Sahn David E - - 2009
This paper examines the relationship between level of well-being and inequality at inter-country and intra-household levels, using individuals' body mass index (BMI) rather than income as the indicator of well-being. BMI is useful for these purposes because (1) it is measured at the individual rather than household level; (2) it ...
Gittelsohn Joel - - 2009
Obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases are directly related to the food environment. We describe how to better assess the food environment in specific ethnic minority settings for designing and implementing interventions, based on a review of our previous work on the food environment in American Indian reservations, Canadian First ...
Macfarlane Abbie - - 2009
Objective. To examine whether aspects of the family food environment were associated with body mass index (BMI) z-score and weight status in children, cross-sectionally and prospectively over 3 years. Methods. Four aspects of the family food environment (breakfast eating patterns, food consumption while watching television, parental provision of energy-dense foods ...
Blake Christine E - - 2009
This study aimed to understand parents' evaluations of the way they integrated work-family demands to manage food and eating. Employed, low/moderate-income, urban, U.S., Black, White, and Latino mothers (35) and fathers (34) participated in qualitative interviews exploring work and family conditions and spillover, food roles, and food-choice coping and family-adaptive ...
Tayie F A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the likelihood of dyslipidemia among food insecure men and women. METHOD: Men, n=2572 and women, n=2977, in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 cholesterol screening sample were included in this study. Gender-stratified descriptive comparisons and logistic regression models were ...
Sullivan Ashley F - - 2010
In the United States, 35 million people live in food-insecure households. Although food insecurity and hunger are undesirable in their own right, they also are potential precursors to nutritional, health, and developmental problems. To examine the prevalence of household food insecurity and its association with health problems and medication expenditures ...
Blaney Sonia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In protected areas, legislation restricts the population's access to natural food resources, which might have an impact on their welfare. OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of the individual use of natural resources to nutritional status in the rural population of the Gamba Complex of Gabon. METHODS: Four villages were ...
Yancey Antronette K - - 2009
Commercial marketing is a critical but understudied element of the sociocultural environment influencing Americans' food and beverage preferences and purchases. This marketing also likely influences the utilization of goods and services related to physical activity and sedentary behavior. A growing literature documents the targeting of racial/ethnic and income groups in ...
Kirkpatrick Sharon I - - 2009
Responses to food insecurity in Canada have been dominated by community-based food initiatives, while little attention has been paid to potential policy directions to alleviate this problem. The purpose of this paper is to examine food security circumstances, participation in community food programs, and strategies employed in response to food ...
Turrell Gavin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the association between area socio-economic status (SES) and food purchasing behaviour. DESIGN: Data were collected by mail survey (64.2 % response rate). Area SES was indicated by the proportion of households in each area earning less than $AUS 400 per week, and individual-level socio-economic position ...
Saha Kuntal K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Despite a strong relationship between household food security and the health and nutritional status of adults and older children, the association of household food security with the growth of infants and young children has not been adequately studied, particularly in developing countries. We examined the association between household food ...
Leung T F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Caucasian families with food-allergic children have a compromised quality of life (QoL) for fear of life-threatening food reactions. Such data are limited in Asian children. Based on our recent questionnaire-based survey, 8.1% of young children recruited from local nurseries and kindergartens had parent-reported adverse food reactions (AFRs). OBJECTIVE: This ...
Gao Xiang - - 2009
Food insecurity is associated with nutrient inadequacy and a variety of unfavorable health outcomes. However, little is known about whether food security is associated with lower cognitive function in the elderly. We investigated the prevalence of food insecurity in a representative sample of 1358 Puerto Ricans aged 45-75 y living ...
Jetter Karen M - - 2010
Changing the food environment in low-income communities may be an effective way to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables by low-income consumers. This study examines the impacts of a pilot study that increases the availability of fresh produce in a convenience store in a low-income neighborhood not served by ...
Campbell Ashley A - - 2009
Clinical vitamin A deficiency is characterized by night blindness and greater morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between household food expenditures and night blindness among nonpregnant women of childbearing age among families in the slums of Jakarta, Indonesia. In a cross-sectional study of ...
Arredondo Elva - - 2009
The fast food industry has been increasingly criticized for creating brand loyalty in young consumers. Food marketers are well versed in reaching children and youth given the importance of brand loyalty on future food purchasing behavior. In addition, food marketers are increasingly targeting the Hispanic population given their growing spending ...
Holmes Bridget - - 2009
In 1998, a review for the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food (the predecessor of the Food Standards Agency) was published evaluating the relative merits of different dietary assessment methods against a series of factors likely to affect compliance or accuracy in low-income households. The review informed the design of ...
Gittelsohn Joel - - 2010
Reduced access to affordable healthy foods is linked to higher rates of chronic diseases in low-income urban settings. The authors conduct a feasibility study of an environmental intervention (Baltimore Healthy Stores) in seven corner stores owned by Korean Americans and two supermarkets in low-income East Baltimore. The goal is to ...
MacFarlane Abbie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether aspects of the family food environment were associated with body mass index (BMI) z-score and weight status in children, cross-sectionally and prospectively over 3 years. METHODS: Four aspects of the family food environment (breakfast eating patterns, food consumption while watching television, parental provision of energy-dense foods ...
Endres A Bryan - - 2009
Two historical examples provide important insight into how federal government policies can integrate regional and local food systems to achieve food security during a time of acute crisis. During World War II, American home gardeners, through the federal government's Victory Garden program, supplied 40 percent of the nation's fresh produce, ...
French Simone A - - 2009
Accurate measurement of household food purchase behavior (HFPB) is important for understanding its association with household characteristics, individual dietary intake and neighborhood food retail outlets. However, little research has been done to develop measures of HFPB. The main objective of this paper is to describe the development of a measure ...
Bandyopadhyay Mridula - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding in India is universal and prolonged. Several cultural practices are associated with lactation and breastfeeding in India, mainly revolving around the concept of ritual purity and 'hot and cold' foods, food avoidance, restricted diet after childbirth, and remaining in seclusion for a certain time period because of the ...
Hromi-Fiedler Amber - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to: 1) assessed the face validity of the 18-items US Household Food Security Scale Module (US HFSSM) among low-income pregnant Latinas and 2) adapt the US HFSSM to the target population. This study was conducted in the United States in Hartford, Connecticut where 40% ...
Glanville N Theresa - - 2009
PURPOSE: Beverage consumption by poor, lone mother-led, "milk-friendly" families living in Atlantic Canada was characterized over a one-month income cycle. METHODS: Beverage intake and food security status were assessed weekly, using a 24-hour dietary recall and the Cornell-Radimer food insecurity questionnaire. Families were classified as "milk friendly" if total consumption ...
Babalola Joel B - - 2009
Nigeria is the 13th largest oil producer in the world. Yet about 56 per cent of the total population lives in absolute poverty. This article confronts conventional theories of poverty with the indigenous thoughts of the Yoruba (one of the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria). Darwinian, individualistic, cultural, situational ...
Chilton Mariana - - 2009
Currently 30.2% of female-headed households with children in the United States experience food insecurity, defined as the lack of access to enough food for an active and healthy life. In 2007, approximately 12.4 million children were at risk for hunger. When female-headed households and households with children have the highest ...
Hromi-Fiedler Amber - - 2009
This study examined the internal validity of an adapted version of the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module administered to a sample of 241 pregnant Latinas. Single-parameter logistic (Rasch) measurement model was used to assess the psychometric properties of the adapted module. Two of 14 questions examined did not fit ...
Kim Cho-Il - - 2009
Onto the world-fastest ageing of society, the world-lowest fertility rate prompted a development of various policies and programs for a betterment of the population in Korea. Since the vulnerability of young children of low socio-economic class to malnutrition was clearly shown at the in-depth analysis of the 2001 Korea National ...
Rafiei Morteza - - 2009
The prevalence of food insecurity is an indicator of material well-being in an area of basic need. The U.S. Food Security Module has been adapted for use in a wide variety of cultural and linguistic settings around the world. We assessed the internal validity of the adapted U.S. Household Food ...
Brooks Christopher P - - 2009
The highland forests of Madagascar are home to some of the world's most unique and diverse flora and fauna and to some of its poorest people. This juxtaposition of poverty and biodiversity is continually reinforced by rapid population growth, which results in increasing pressure on the remaining forest habitat in ...
Willows Noreen D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Canada's Aboriginal population is vulnerable to food insecurity and increasingly lives off-reserve. The Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2 Nutrition, was used to compare the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of food insecurity between non-Aboriginal and off-reserve Aboriginal households. DESIGN: Food insecurity status was based on Health Canada's revised interpretation ...
Chilton Mariana - - 2009
We investigated the risk of household food insecurity and reported fair or poor health among very young children who were US citizens and whose mothers were immigrants compared with those whose mothers had been born in the United States. Data were obtained from 19,275 mothers (7216 of whom were immigrants) ...
Racine Elizabeth F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between food insecurity and child well-being indicators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted in 2344 households with children. The main exposure measure was food insecurity status, which was categorized as food secure or food insecure based on two or more food insecurity questions answered in the affirmative. ...
Mamlin Joseph - - 2009
The Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) is a partnership between Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Moi University School of Medicine, and a consortium of universities led by Indiana University. AMPATH has over 50,000 patients in active care in 17 main clinics around western Kenya. Despite antiretroviral therapy, many ...
French Simone A - - 2008
The household setting may be the most important level at which to understand the food choices of individuals and how healthful food choices can be promoted. However, there are few available measures of the food purchase behaviors of households and little consensus on the best way to measure it. This ...
Sussner Katarina M - - 2008
Exposure to obesogenic environments in the U.S. may foster development of overweight in immigrants with greater acculturation. Few studies document mechanisms of the acculturation process from immigrants' own perspectives or describe implications on the children of immigrants. Focus groups and in-depth interviews were conducted with immigrant Latina mothers (N = ...
Campbell Ashley A - - 2008
The specific aims of this study were to examine the relationships between household food expenditures and under-5 child mortality among families in rural Indonesia. Data collected between 2000 and 2003 in the Indonesia Nutrition and Health Surveillance System, a population-based surveillance system conducted in 7 rural provinces, were utilized for ...
Stitt Carmen - - 2008
The rise in the number of overweight and obese children in the United States is recognized as a serious health threat. Among the factors contributing to this increase is the preponderance of food marketing on television targeted at children. Previous content analysis studies have identified patterns of food product types ...
Kroshus Emily - - 2008
Assess how per capita expenditure on commercially prepared food as a proportion of total food expenditure varies by the sex and marital status of the head of the household. Prospective cohort study, data collected by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics 2004 Consumer Expenditure Survey. United States. Randomly selected ...
Mojtahedi Mina C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the built environment on access to healthy foods for people with mobility disabilities by measuring wheelchair accessibility of grocery stores and availability of healthy affordable foods. DESIGN: A survey consisting of 87 questions. SETTING: A low-income, multiracial urban Chicago neighborhood with a 3-mile radius ...
Hadley C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Common mental disorders are a major contributor to the burden of disease in developing countries. An assessment was carried out of whether food insecurity and exposure to stressful life events, two common features of life in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), are associated with symptoms of mental disorders among adults. METHODS: ...
Cutler-Triggs Cynthia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate rates and severity of child and adult food insecurity (the inability to access enough food in a socially acceptable way for every day of the year) in households with and without smokers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Nationally representative sample of the US population from 1999 to 2002. ...
Weiser Sheri D - - 2009
There is growing international concern that food insecurity may negatively impact antiretroviral (ARV) treatment outcomes, but no studies have directly evaluated the effect of food insecurity on viral load suppression and antiretroviral adherence. We hypothesized that food insecurity would be associated with poor virologic response among homeless and marginally housed ...
Franco Manuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Differential access to healthy foods may contribute to racial and economic health disparities. The availability of healthy foods has rarely been directly measured in a systematic fashion. This study examines the associations among the availability of healthy foods and racial and income neighborhood composition. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was ...
Palermo Claire E - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The cost of healthy food has been associated previously with the degree of remoteness and socioeconomic status. This study aimed to investigate the factors that influence the cost of food in rural Victoria, Australia. It also aimed to compare the cost of nutritious foods with less healthy foods, and ...
Cook John T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Household energy security has not been measured empirically or related to child health and development but is an emerging concern for clinicians and researchers as energy costs increase. The objectives of this study were to develop a clinical indicator of household energy security and assess associations with food security, ...
Chimeddulam Dalaijamts - - 2008
This study was designed to review the food security of the country and to study the household food insecurity of poor households in relation to the poverty level. Cross-sectional survey design was used to assess the perceptions of socio-economic changes, food insecurity in national and household levels, and their health ...
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