Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 957
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Wills Jane - - 2010
Issues of food security are of particular importance in urban areas in Africa and government policy advises on the household growing of vegetables for nutrition. The Siyakhana project is a food garden in the centre of Johannesburg which was established by a University Health Promotion Unit with the support of ...
Onwujekwe Obinna - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the inequities in the household income depletion resulting from malaria treatment expenditures, the sacrifice of basic household needs (catastrophe) and the differences in payment strategies among different socio-economic and geographic groups in southeast Nigeria. METHODS: Data were gathered through pre-tested, structured questionnaires from a random sample of ...
Gittelsohn Joel - - 2010
Obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases are more prevalent in low-income urban areas, which commonly have limited access to healthy foods. The authors implemented an intervention trial in nine food stores, including two supermarkets and seven corner stores, in a low-income, predominantly African American area of Baltimore City, with a ...
Rank Mark R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime risk that an American child will reside in a household receiving food stamps and, as a result, will encounter poverty and a heightened exposure to food insecurity. DESIGN: Thirty years of longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics survey data set. SETTING: Nationally ...
Bell Robert A - - 2009
To describe food advertised on networks serving children and youth, and to compare ads on English-language networks with ads on Spanish networks. Analysis of television food advertisements appearing on Saturday morning and weekday afternoons in 2005-2006. A random sample of 1,130 advertisements appearing on 12 networks catering to Spanish-language, children, ...
Duffy Patricia - - 2009
Examine diet quality, food security, and obesity among female food pantry clients. Cross-sectional study. A food pantry in Lee County, Alabama. Fifty-five female food pantry clients between 19 and 50 years of age. Diet quality using United States (US) Department of Agriculture Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2005), adult obesity (Body Mass ...
Freedman Darcy A - - 2009
The influence of local food environments on the risk for obesity is important overall, but may be particularly important for food insecure populations in urban settings. Access to healthful foods is most limited among racial and ethnic minorities and low-income populations; these same populations experience the highest rates of obesity ...
Anema Aranka - - 2009
Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS are intertwined in a vicious cycle that heightens vulnerability to, and worsens the severity of, each condition. We review current knowledge and research priorities regarding the impact of food insecurity on HIV transmission risk and clinical outcomes. Observational studies suggest that food insecurity is associated with ...
Weiser Sheri D - - 2009
Food insecurity is increasingly recognized as a barrier to optimal treatment outcomes, but there is little data on this issue. We assessed associations between food insecurity and mortality among HIV-infected antiretroviral therapy-treated individuals in Vancouver, British Columbia, and whether body max index (BMI) modified associations. Individuals were recruited from the ...
Mobley Connie - - 2009
Frequent consumption of simple carbohydrates, primarily in the form of dietary sugars, is significantly associated with increased dental caries risk. Malnutrition (undernutrition or overnutrition) in children is often a consequence of inappropriate infant and childhood feeding practices and dietary behaviors associated with limited access to fresh, nutrient dense foods, substituting ...
Anzid Karim K Department of Biology, Laboratory of Human Ecology, University Cadi Ayyad, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco. - - 2009
In Morocco, few studies have specifically addressed the association between food variety and household socio-economic status and area of residence. The study's objective was to obtain a qualitative description of food consumption in samples of Moroccan households and to examine the influence of socio-economic factors and area of residence on ...
Metallinos-Katsaras Elizabeth - - 2009
Both household food insecurity and childhood overweight are serious public health problems that appear to be paradoxically correlated. This study examines the relationship between overweight and household food insecurity with/without hunger in low-income children participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Weight, height, and household ...
Takanashi Kumiko - - 2009
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the potential factors of food-hygiene practices of mothers on the prevalence of diarrhoea among their children. Mothers who had children aged 6 months-5 years were recruited in a hamlet in Viet Nam. The food-hygiene practices included hand-washing, method of washing utensils, separation of ...
Melchior Maria M INSERM, U687, and Université Paris XI, IFR69, Villejuif, France. - - 2009
Children from food-insecure families (ie, families that lack access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food) are at risk for developmental problems. Food insecurity disproportionately occurs among low-socioeconomic status (SES) and low-income families; however, interventions that supplement families' income or diet have not eradicated food insecurity. This may be because food ...
Garc?a Teresa - - 2010
The continuously evolving lifestyles of European consumers are most noticeable in the elderly age segment, which, as a result, is drawing increasing attention from agrifood companies. The aim of this study is to perform an empirical analysis of the main determinants of food expenditure among elderly Spanish consumers, by comparing ...
P??rez-Escamilla Rafael - - 2009
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is heavily affected by food insecurity and malaria. To find out if these 2 conditions are associated with each other, we studied a convenience sample of 153 women with children 1-5 y old in Camp Perrin, South Haiti. Household food ...
Muga Geoffrey O - - 2009
A descriptive cross-sectional study including quantitative and qualitative methods was carried out in rural western Kenya to examine household composition and food security among the elderly caretakers. The findings indicate that the deteriorating economic conditions and HIV/AIDS pandemic have led to the increase in the number of children in need ...
Knueppel Danielle - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to test the construct validity, internal consistency and convergent validity of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in measuring household food insecurity in rural Tanzania, and to determine socio-economic characteristics associated with household food insecurity. DESIGN: Key informant interviews and a ...
Foley Wendy - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent of food insecurity in South Australia and its relationship with a variety of socio-economic variables. DESIGN: Data collected routinely from 2002 to 2007 by SA Health were analysed to explore food security in the State's population. An ecological analysis of data collected by the South ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Magazines targeted at children under 12 years old are growing in popularity; past studies have asserted that food items are rarely exposed, but methodological issues may have covered the true extent of covert promotion. The primary purpose of the present study was to quantify the nature and extent of ...
Evans Susan H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of four different qualitative methods in creating content, including text and graphic design for print interventions to support better nutrition in low-income households that rely on charitable pantries. DESIGN: Four methods were used for measuring household cooks' responses to the content and design of recipes ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2009
AIM: To determine parents' attitudes and awareness of food marketing to children. METHOD: Computer-assisted telephone interviews of a random sample of 400 parents of children aged 5-17 years and who were the main grocery buyers for that household, living in NSW, Australia. The main outcome measures included parental awareness and ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2010
Over the course of the past century, the quantity of prepackaged, pre-prepared foods available in the North American context has increased dramatically. This study examines the shifts in food practices that are taking place through an exploration of the day-to-day cooking practices of a group of young, low-income women in ...
Chaparro M Pia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and identify possible predictors of food insecurity among college students at the University of Hawai'i at M?noa. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey, including the US Department of Agriculture's Household Food Security Survey Module, demographic and spending variables. SETTING: University of Hawai'i at M?noa, Honolulu, Hawai'i (USA). SUBJECTS: ...
Mercille Genevieve - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To understand more specifically how the quality, quantity and frequency of snack food consumption differs in different BMI categories. DESIGN: Four hundred and forty-nine school-aged children (grade 4-6) from a Kanien'kehaka (Mohawk) community provided a 24 h recall and their height and weight in 1994, 1998 and 2002, in ...
Lent Megan D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the causal relationship between and the mechanisms linking depression and food insecurity. Our purpose was to examine these knowledge gaps. METHODS: Chi-squared analysis of longitudinal data from 29 rural upstate New York families followed for three years and qualitative analysis of interviews were used to ...
Weiser Sheri D - - 2009
Food insecurity is a risk factor for both HIV transmission and worse HIV clinical outcomes. We examined the prevalence of and factors associated with food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco recruited from the Research on Access to Care in the Homeless Cohort. We used ...
Horodynski Mildred A - - 2010
To examine maternal demographic characteristics and depressive symptoms as predictors of TV viewing during mealtimes, and to investigate how mealtime TV viewing predicts mothers' and toddlers' food consumption. A prospective, cross-sectional survey design was employed with 199 African American and 200 Caucasian, low-income, mother-toddler dyads enrolled in eight Early Head ...
Biel Melissa - - 2009
This pilot project tested the feasibility of a community-based partnership between community clinics and food pantries as an approach to combat diet-related illnesses and engage low-income individuals in healthcare. Many communities possess both kinds of agencies, which serve similar clienteles and are geographically near each other, but these types of ...
Fulp Rachael S - - 2009
The goal of this project was to assess the cost of purchasing 1-month of nutritionally adequate, familiar, healthy food plans for African American seniors and families in Roxbury, Massachusetts. Model 7-day food plans were developed and tested using focus groups. The food plans were translated into shopping lists and prices ...
Larsen Kristian - - 2009
Several studies have examined supermarket access for low-income residents, but few have explored how access to healthy food changes when a new food retailer such as a farmers' market opens in a place previously known as a 'food desert'. This paper uses a 'before and after' approach to examine the ...
De Marco Molly - - 2009
Many factors are associated with food insecurity in the United States. We conducted interviews with 25 low-income and/or food-insecure Oregonians to explore their experiences with food insecurity, the role of social support, and whether these experiences differed based on rural/urban residence. Ill health and unemployment emerged as food-insecurity contributors. Coping ...
Dammann Kristen Wiig - - 2009
To investigate factors affecting food choice and health beliefs among low-income women in the context of their weight and socioeconomic status. Two researchers conducted 14 90-minute focus groups, which were audiotaped. Libraries, homeless shelters, and a community center. Ninety-two low-income women (18-65 years) with at least 1 child aged 9-13 ...
Harris Jennifer L - - 2009
Health advocates have focused on the prevalence of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food. In Experiments 1a and ...
Gundersen Craig - - 2009
Previous research has estimated that food insecure children are more likely to suffer from a wide array of negative health outcomes than food secure children, leading many to claim that alleviating food insecurity would lead to better health outcomes. Identifying the causal impacts is problematic, however, given endogenous selection into ...
Hamelin Anne-Marie - - 2010
This paper reports results from a case study on household food insecurity needs and the interventions that address them. It aimed at comparing households' perceptions on food insecurity experience and vulnerability to those of other stakeholders: community workers, programme managers and representatives from donor agencies. Semi-structured interviews with 55 households ...
Kilanowski Jill F - - 2010
This article is a descriptive cross-sectional study with Latino migrant farmworker (MFW) families in Ohio. A demographic questionnaire, the U.S. Household Food Security Survey (USHFSS), and the Food Frequency Questionnaire were self-administered. Participants (N = 50) were primarily mothers of children with ages 2 to 13 years. USHFSS was 30% ...
Hernandez Daphne C - - 2009
In this study, we examined characteristics associated with experiencing persistent and transitional adult food insecurity and how persistent and transitional adult food insecurity influences toddler cognitive and motor development, along with toddler's weight and health status. Using the first 2 waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, 4 mutually ...
Ramírez-Ley Karla - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have dramatically increased in recent years. In 2006, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among 6- to 12-year-old children was 26% in Mexico. Food advertising has shown to be a contributor to childhood obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency and types ...
Vader Amanda M AM University of Texas School of Public Health, Dallas, Texas, - - 2009
Child and adolescent overweight is a serious health issue. Both snacking and television watching have been associated with childhood overweight, but the relationships have not been well examined in a multiethnic population. The aim of this study was to examine relationships between weekday television viewing, snack consumption, consumption of foods ...
De Marco Molly - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Millions of US households experienced food insecurity in 2005. Research indicates that low wages and little social support contribute to food insecurity. The present study aimed to examine whether social support moderates the relationship between income and food insecurity. DESIGN: Using a mail survey, we collected data on social ...
Muirhead Vanessa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study explored oral health disparities associated with food insecurity in working poor Canadians. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional stratified study design and telephone survey methodology to obtain data from 1049 working poor persons aged between 18 and 64 years. The survey instrument contained sociodemographic items, self-reported oral health ...
Hackett Michelle - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess criterion validity of a household food security scale through its associations with child health status in participants of the Colombian Plan for Improving Food and Nutrition in Antioquia (Mejoramiento Alimentario y Nutricional de Antioquia (MANA)). METHODS: A 12-item household food security survey (Colombian Household Food Security Scale, ...
Laraia Barbara A BA Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. - - 2009
African Americans experience household food insecurity, ie, the limited availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food, or ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways, at three times the rate of non-Hispanic whites. Thirty percent of all African-American children live in food-insecure households. The purpose of this study was ...
Fulkerson Jayne A JA School of Nursing, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2009
The literature suggests positive associations between family dinner frequency and dietary practices and psychosocial well-being, and inverse associations between family dinner frequency and overweight status among general adolescent populations. The present study aims to examine these associations among a population of adolescents at-risk of academic failure. A racially diverse sample ...
Oreskovic Nicolas M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in built environment and child weight, and associations between them in high- and low-income communities. METHODS: By means of cross-sectional clinical and demographic data for children aged 2 to 18 years from an integrated health system in Massachusetts, we linked subject (n = 6680) and spatial ...
Schwekendiek Daniel - - 2010
In the 1990s, North Korea experienced one of the severest famines in modern history. Considering the level of food deprivation during famines in totalitarian states, substantial debate exists over how differently the crisis affected households and regions. Here, the authors investigate regional differences in socioeconomic living conditions by comparing height-for-age ...
Chilton Mariana - - 2009
Food insecurity is a serious public health problem associated with poor cognitive and emotional development in children and with depression and poor health in adults. Despite sizable continued investments in federal food assistance, food insecurity still affects 11.1% of US households--almost the same rate as in 1995, when annual measurement ...
Osypuk Theresa L TL Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2009
The growing size and changing composition of the foreign-born population in the USA highlights the importance of examining the health consequences of living in neighborhoods with higher proportions of immigrants. Using data from the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis in four US cities, we examined whether neighborhood immigrant composition was associated ...
Kursmark Meredith - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food insecurity is a relatively new measure of household and child malnutrition. This paper reviews recent studies that have examined aspects of its etiology and adverse child health and development. RECENT FINDINGS: Smoking by adults in children's homes has recently been found to be highly associated with ...
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