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Results 101 - 150 of 953
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Holben David H - - 2010
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that systematic and sustained action is needed to achieve food and nutrition security for all in the United States. To eliminate food insecurity, interventions are needed, including adequate funding for and increased utilization of food and nutrition assistance programs, inclusion of ...
Knueppel Danielle - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Small-scale poultry production has the potential to increase animal-source food consumption, improve household income, and reduce food insecurity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a chicken Newcastle disease vaccination program on consumption of chicken and eggs among women and children, income, and food insecurity in rural Tanzanian households. METHODS: ...
Dammann Kristen Wiig - - 2010
Observance of the hunger-obesity paradox in urban Minnesota has ignited interest in the quality of low-income households' food purchases. This cross-sectional study investigated low-income, urban Minnesotan women's past-month food purchases and their associations with race, homelessness, and aspects of the food system, including food shelf (ie, food pantry) and food ...
Kregg-Byers Claudia M - - 2010
The purpose is to discuss the concept of food insecurity (FI) and its impact on current global health policy and nursing practice. Food insecurity. Literature review. FI means a nonsustainable food system that interferes with optimal self-reliance and social justice. Individuals experiencing FI lack nutritionally adequate and safe foods in ...
Rivers Jonathan - - 2010
A 2004 UNICEF/UNAIDS/USAID survey in Blantyre, Malawi, examined methods to improve monitoring and evaluation of interventions aimed at orphans and vulnerable children. A derivative of this larger study, the present study utilized the household data collected to assess differences in food security status among orphan households with the aim of ...
Hromi-Fiedler Amber A Connecticut Center for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos, University of Connecticut, Roy E Jones Building, Unit 4017, 3624 Horsebarn Road Extension, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-4017, USA. - - 2011
Latinas experience high rates of poverty, household food insecurity and prenatal depression. To date, only one USA study has examined the relationship between household food insecurity and prenatal depression, yet it focused primarily on non-Latina white and non-Latina black populations. Therefore, this study examined the independent association of household food ...
Belsky Daniel W DW Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7411, USA. - - 2010
The authors examined the role of food insecurity in the etiology of children's cognitive and mental health problems. Data from a prospective longitudinal study of 1,116 United Kingdom families with twins (sample constructed in 1999-2000) were used to test associations among household food insecurity; income; maternal personality; household sensitivity to ...
Leung Cindy W - - 2011
Public assistance programmes may increase risk of obesity among adults. The current study assessed whether participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP; formerly the Food Stamp Program), Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or California Work Opportunities and Responsibilities to Kids (CalWorks) was associated with obesity, independent of socio-economic status and ...
Chabwine J N - - 2011
Konzo is an upper motor neuron disease characterized by sudden-onset and irreversible spastic paraparesis occurring in nutritionally compromised people. It is associated with consumption of insufficiently processed cyanogenic-toxic cassava. Cassava, the main caloric source in the Democratic Republic of Congo, has been safely consumed for decades in the Eastern Province ...
Grisaru Nimrod - - 2011
The objective of this study was to examine food insecurity among psychiatric patients and as a concern for mental health practitioners. Food security and psychological distress were measured among 113 patients hospitalized in a psychiatric emergency unit. Of 113 respondents 67 (59.3%) enjoyed food security and 46 (40.7%) lacked food ...
Offer Avner - - 2010
Among affluent countries, those with market-liberal welfare regimes (which are also English-speaking) tend to have the highest prevalence of obesity. The impact of cheap, accessible high-energy food is often invoked in explanation. An alternative approach is that overeating is a response to stress, and that competition, uncertainty, and inequality make ...
Tremblay Line - - 2010
The main objective of this study was to test an explanatory model predicting preschool girls' and boys' body weight from certain child variables (food intake, sedentary behaviors, and eating habits), as well as family variables (interaction during mealtime and level of family financial resources allocated to meeting children's eating needs). ...
Diasolua Ngudi D - - 2011
Food frequencies and 24h diet recall were registered from 487 randomly selected heads of household in Popokabaka (Bandundu Province, DRC) where the first cases of konzo were reported more than seventy years ago. Konzo is still occurring in this area with a prevalence of 1.4%. High prevalence of konzo was ...
Kelly Bridget - - 2010
We compared television food advertising to children in several countries. We undertook a collaboration among 13 research groups in Australia, Asia, Western Europe, and North and South America. Each group recorded programming for 2 weekdays and 2 weekend days between 6:00 and 22:00, for the 3 channels most watched by ...
Kennedy Gina - - 2010
To provide an overview of the household dietary diversity score and the food consumption score, two indicators used for food security assessment and surveillance, and compare their performance in food security assessments in three countries. Cross-sectional cluster sampling design using an interview-administered structured questionnaire on household food security, including household-level ...
Stevens June J Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, CB 7461, NC 27599-7461, USA. - - 2011
We aimed to develop, test and describe the Exhaustive Home Food Inventory (EHFI), which measures foods in the home using scanning of the universal product code (UPC) and EHFI software to link codes to food identities and energy values. Observational design with up to three repeated measures in each household ...
Sawadogo S P - - 2010
In developing countries, the complementary feeding period is critical to the growth of children, notably because of inappropriate complementary feeding practices. A longitudinal study was carried out in a food vulnerable area in Burkina Faso to better understand and describe these practices. A cohort of 114 children was followed at ...
Hager Erin R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To develop a brief screen to identify families at risk for food insecurity (FI) and to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and convergent validity of the screen. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Caregivers of children (age: birth through 3 years) from 7 urban medical centers completed the US Department of Agriculture 18-item ...
Pasricha Sant-Rayn - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: More than 75% of Indian toddlers are anemic. Data on factors associated with anemia in India are limited. The objective of this study was to determine biological, nutritional, and socioeconomic risk factors for anemia in this vulnerable age group. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children aged 12 ...
Gloria Christian T - - 2010
Current nutrition environment instruments are typically designed to measure a small number of healthy foods based on national trends. They lack the depth to accurately measure the unique dietary choices of subpopulations, such as Texas consumers whose food preferences are influenced by Hispanic/Latino culture. Thus the purposes of the present ...
Guran Tulay - - 2010
Television (TV) viewing has been implicated in children's weight gain. We aimed to conduct a comprehensive content analysis of TV food advertising in Turkey. TV advertisements (ads) in the four most popular national free to air Turkish TV channels, were assessed on two weekdays and two weekend days at four ...
Goldhar Christina - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Characterize and examine the prevalence of food insecurity in Qeqertarsuaq, Greenland, and identify stressors affecting the food system. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-methods study using quantitative food security surveys and semi-structured interviews. METHODS: Food security surveys (n=61) were conducted with a random sample of 6% of Qeqertarsuaq's population. Semi-structured interviews ...
Krukowski Rebecca A - - 2010
Availability and price of healthy foods in food stores has the potential to influence purchasing patterns, dietary intake, and weight status of individuals. This study examined whether demographic factors of the store neighborhood or store size have an impact on the availability and price of healthy foods in sample of ...
Hosler Akiko S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The availability of food stores is the most frequently used measure of the food environment, but identifying them poses a technical challenge. PURPOSE: This study evaluated eight administrative lists of retailers for identifying food stores in an urban community. METHODS: Lists of inspected food stores (IFS), cigarette retailers, liquor ...
Feng Kuishuang - - 2010
Current economic instruments aimed at climate change mitigation focus mainly on CO(2) emissions, but efficient climate mitigation needs to focus on other greenhouse gases as well as CO(2). This study investigates the distributional effects of climate change taxes on households belonging to different income and lifestyle groups; and it compares ...
Maes Kenneth C - - 2011
Low-income volunteers constitute a major part of AIDS care workforces in sub-Saharan Africa, yet little research has been conducted to determine how poverty and insecurity among volunteers impact their wellbeing and the sustainability of the AIDS treatment programmes they support. This paper presents longitudinal ethnographic and epidemiological research documenting how ...
Parker Emily D - - 2010
PURPOSE: We sought to examine the association of food security and metabolic syndrome in a representative sample of U.S. adults and adolescents. We hypothesized that compared with those in food-secure households, adolescents and adults living in food-insecure households would have increased odds of (MetS). METHODS: Data from the National Health ...
Miura Shoko - - 2010
We explored knowledge of osteoporosis and locally available calcium-rich foods among 1,151 urban women in the Philippines and analyzed the cross-sectional associations of their responses to questions about knowledge with their age, educational background, and family income status. In total, 80.3% of the women had heard about osteoporosis; a higher ...
Slopen Natalie - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations of poverty and food insecurity over a 2-year period with internalizing and externalizing problems in a large, community-based sample. METHOD: A total of 2,810 children were interviewed between ages 4 and 14 years at baseline, and between ages 5 and 16 years at follow-up. ...
Beaumier Maude C - - 2010
To identify and characterize the determinants of food insecurity among Inuit women. A community-based study in Igloolik, Nunavut, using semi-structured interviews (n = 36) and focus groups (n = 5) with Inuit women, and key informants interviews with health professionals (n = 13). There is a high prevalence of food ...
Laraia Barbara A BA Department of Medicine, Center for Health and Community, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA. - - 2010
Household food insecurity is positively associated with weight among women. The association between household food insecurity and pregnancy-related weight gain and complications is not well understood. To identify whether an independent association exists between household food insecurity and pregnancy-related complications. Data from the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition prospective cohort study ...
Sorsdahl Katherine K J-Block Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa. - - 2011
Both mental illness and food insufficiency are common in low and middle income countries. However, there are limited data on the relation between food insufficiency and mental disorders, despite the potential relevance of such data for the development of policy-level interventions. The relationship between food insufficiency and mental disorders within ...
Möser Anke - - 2010
In Germany, the rising importance of out-of-home consumption, increasing usage of convenience products and decreasing knowledge of younger individuals how to prepare traditional dishes can be seen as obvious indicators for shifting patterns in food preparation. In this paper, econometric analyses are used to shed more light on the factors ...
Rose Donald - - 2010
Geographic access to food is an important dimension of food insecurity in the US, because it affects the cost of food that low-income consumers face and the decisions they make about which foods to purchase. This symposium highlighted several recent studies that developed new techniques for characterizing the food environment, ...
Gokah Theophilus K - - 2010
This paper charts analytic and conceptual debates on the burden of hypertension among Africans and the interlocking role of diet and genetic factors. The discussions in this paper are about (indigenous) rather than (white) Africans. In trying to show understanding in the issues raised within this paper, the debate highlights ...
Nordström Jonas - - 2011
This paper simulates the impact across household types of fully funded tax reforms designed to increase consumers' fiber intake from grain consumption. Our results suggest that household types with the highest initial consumption share of fiber-rich products-i.e., households without children (seniors, couples without children, and single women without children)-experience the ...
Stevens Christine A - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of food insecurity of young mothers (15-24 years) and identify strategies used to manage food-insecure periods. DESIGN AND METHODS: This exploratory study used the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module, cognitive interviewing, and individual interviews. RESULTS: Sixteen out of ...
McDermott Andrew J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Financial limitations in low-income populations, those at highest risk for poor health outcomes, may preclude adherence to recommended dietary guidelines. We examine the financial burden of shopping for foods to meet national dietary recommendations in a supermarket compared to eating primarily in a fast-food restaurant. METHODS: Using ...
Brewer Dawn P - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of obesity and physical limitations with food insecurity among Georgians participating in the Older Americans Act (OAA) congregate meal-site program (N = 621, median age = 76 years, 83% female, 36% Black, and 64% White, convenience sample). Food insecurity was ...
Bengle Rebecca - - 2010
Low-income older adults are at increased risk of cutting back on basic needs, including food and medication. This study examined the relationship between food insecurity and cost-related medication non-adherence (CRN) in low-income Georgian older adults. The study sample includes new Older Americans Act Nutrition Program participants and waitlisted people assessed ...
Mohammadzadeh Assieh - - 2010
The present study was designed to determine household food security status and factors associated with food insecurity among high-school students in Esfahan, Iran. Cross-sectional surveys. The present study was conducted in autumn 2008 in Esfahan, Iran. The samples were selected using systematic cluster sampling. Socio-economic questionnaires, food security questionnaires and ...
Lee Jung Sun - - 2010
Food insecurity and hunger are real and growing problems in the United States. Among older adults, the prevalence of food insecurity is at a 14-year high and occurred in more than 8% of households with older adults in 2008 according to USDA. However, the rate is at least 10% higher ...
Tarasuk Valerie - - 2010
In Canada, increased morbidity and shorter life expectancy have been found among those with lower incomes and lower levels of education, but there has been little examination of socioeconomic variation in food and nutrient intake. Using data from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey, we examined the relationship between household ...
Bezerra Ilana Nogueira - - 2010
To analyze the characteristics of out-of-home eating and spending on such consumption. A complex sample of 48,470 Brazilian households, selected from the 2002-2003 Household Budget Survey (HBS) was analyzed. Out-of-home eating was defined as the purchase of at least one type of food for consumption out of the home during ...
Borre Kristen K North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, Southern Coastal Agromedicine Center, West Research Campus, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA. - - 2010
Food insecurity and obesity have potential health consequences for migrant and seasonal farm workers (MSFW). Thirty-six Latino MSFW working in eastern North Carolina whose children attended Migrant Head Start completed interviews, focus groups and home visits. Content analysis, nutrient analysis, and non-parametric statistical analysis produced results. MSFW (63.8%) families were ...
Tessier Sophie - - 2010
In the context of the nutrition transition and associated changes in the food retail sector, to examine the socio-economic characteristics and motivations of shoppers using different retail formats (large supermarkets (LSM), medium-sized supermarkets (MSM) or traditional outlets) in Tunisia. Cross-sectional survey (2006). Socio-economic status, type of food retailer and motivations ...
Jones Sandra C - - 2010
Television, Internet and print media are saturated with advertisements for unhealthy food that use marketing tactics aimed to build long-term brand loyalty and 'relationships' with children. While research in this area has largely focused on television, the current study examines children's responses to relationship-building marketing communications found in popular children's ...
Mehta Kaye - - 2010
This study explored children's views about food advertising on television in the light of recent public interest in childhood obesity and obesogenic environments. Thirty-seven children aged between 8 and 11 years, discussed their perceptions of food advertising, in focus groups. The children engaged as consumers of advertising, noticing technical aspects, ...
Leyna Germana H - - 2010
The purpose of the present paper is to assess the relationship between food insecurity and food consumption patterns, anthropometric measures and serum micronutrient levels in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out between March and May of 2005. Rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Analysis was restricted to 1014 adults ...
Kirkpatrick Sharon I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although the sociodemographic characteristics of food-insecure households have been well documented, there has been little examination of neighbourhood characteristics in relation to this problem. In the present study we examined the association between household food security and neighbourhood features including geographic food access and perceived neighbourhood social capital. DESIGN: ...
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