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Results 451 - 500 of 950
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Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2007
Collective kitchens are small groups of people who pool their resources to cook large quantities of food. With the help of semi-participant observation and in-depth individual interviews, this study is an exploration of participants' perceptions of changes in food security since becoming involved in a collective kitchen. Several important themes ...
Clasen Thomas - - 2007
We assessed the microbiologic effectiveness of sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) tablets used on a routine basis at the household level by a vulnerable population. In a 4-month trial in Dhaka, Bangladesh, one half of the 100 participating households received NaDCC tablets and instructions on how to use the same; the other ...
Haseen Farhana - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poverty persists at an alarming level in Bangladesh. To reduce extreme poverty and create the foundation for a sustainable livelihood change, BRAC undertook a targeted programme since 2002 named, Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction/Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR/TUP). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the CFPR/TUP programme on ...
Jabs Jennifer - - 2007
The study sought to develop an understanding of how employed mothers constructed time for food provisioning for themselves and their families. A grounded theory approach and semistructured, in-depth interviews. A metropolitan area of approximately 1 million people in the northeastern United States. Thirty-five low-wage employed mothers were purposively recruited to ...
Harrison Michelle S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the cost and availability of a standard basket of healthy food items (the Healthy Food Access Basket [HFAB]) in Queensland over time. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A series of four cross-sectional surveys (in 1998, 2000, 2001 and 2004) describing the cost and availability of foods in ...
Trenkamp Brad - - 2007
The Food Stamp Program (FSP) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are important parts of national public assistance policy, and there is considerable overlap in the populations that the programs serve. About half of all SSI recipients reside in FSP recipient households. This article uses Social Security administrative data and the ...
McManus Alexandra - - 2007
The aim of the Western Australian (WA) Food Security Project was to conduct a preliminary investigation into issues relating to food security in one region within the Perth metropolitan area in Western Australia. The first phase of the project involved a food audit in one lower income area that was ...
Setalaphruk Chantita - - 2007
Consuming wild foods is part of the food ways of people in many societies, including farming populations throughout the world. Knowledge of non-domesticated food resources is part of traditional and tacit ecological knowledge, and is largely transmitted through socialization within cultural and household contexts. The context of this study, a ...
Halford Jason C G - - 2007
Food advert exposure has been shown to influence calorie intake and food choice in 9-11 year olds. However, little is known about the effect of food advertisements on feeding behaviour in younger children. Therefore, we conducted a study with 93 children aged 5-7 years, 28 of whom were over weight ...
Lallukka T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between seven indicators of socio-economic circumstances and healthy food habits, while taking into account assumed temporal order between these socio-economic indicators. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data were derived from cross-sectional postal questionnaires in 2000-2002. Socio-economic circumstances were assessed by parental education, childhood economic difficulties, own education, occupational ...
Ijarotimi Oluwole Steve - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many children in rural communities of developing countries die of nutrition-related causes due to lack of nutrition education and low purchasing power of the families, which result in low-quality weaning foods and poor feeding practices. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional composition of local weaning foods and their impact on ...
Maitland T E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary habits in the Turks and Caicos Islands. DESIGN AND METHODS: Food frequency questionnaires were administered to female-household-heads of 144 households randomly selected from three islands' voter's lists (Grand Turk [n = 48], Providenciales [n = 46] and Middle Caicos [n = 50]). Data were collected on ...
Allen Lindsay H - - 2006
The primary goal of this review is to examine the timing and nature of dietary inadequacy during the first 5 years of life. An important issue is that many children in developing countries are already nutritionally depleted by the end of the first year of life, because maternal undernutrition can ...
Dasgupta S - - 2006
Poor households in Bangladesh depend heavily on wood, dung and other biomass fuels for cooking. This paper provides a detailed analysis of the implications for indoor air pollution (IAP), drawing on new 24-h monitoring data for respirable airborne particulates (PM10). A stratified sample of 236 households was selected in Dhaka ...
Nolan Michelle - - 2006
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Food insecurity, now listed among the social determinants of health, compromises the health and well-being of affected Australians. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of food insecurity within an urban population of social disadvantage in readiness for a local health promotion response. METHODS: This ...
Chan Hing Man - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The food supply of Inuit living in Nunavut, Canada, is characterized by market food of relatively low nutritional value and nutrient-dense traditional food. The objective of this study is to assess community perceptions about the availability and accessibility of traditional and market foods in Nunavut. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative ...
O'Dwyer Lisel A - - 2006
METHODS: We use a geographic information system to measure availability and accessibility of supermarkets in four case study local government areas (LGAs). The location of supermarkets is analysed in relation to residential dwellings, car ownership and in terms of travel distance along the road network. RESULTS: This methodology identifies differences ...
Friel S - - 2006
To determine the weekly financial cost of a diet as recommended by national policy in two parents with two children, single parents with one child and single old people with low income, and begin to identify, in a rich country context, variation in food item availability, price and household purchasing ...
Ver Ploeg Michele - - 2007
High rates of obesity among low-income populations have led some to question whether USDA's food assistance programs have contributed to this health problem. Using data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), this study shows that the association between food assistance program participation and body weight measures has weakened ...
Kuyper Edith M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose is to describe the development and validation of a tool to measure the degree of past food insecurity in an immigrant US population. DESIGN: Focus group discussions and a structured interview. As a first step, focus group discussions were conducted among immigrant Latino mothers. Based on these ...
Casey Patrick H - - 2006
CONTEXT: The prevalence of childhood overweight status is increasing. Some have suggested that childhood overweight is associated with food insecurity, defined as limited or uncertain access to enough nutritious food. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to assess the association of household and child food insecurity with childhood overweight ...
Simmons Leigh Ann - - 2006
Food insecurity is defined as being uncertain of having enough food due to insufficient money or other resources. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct and correlates of food insecurity in a sample of cancer patients in Kentucky. Data were collected in the waiting rooms of the ...
Nord Mark - - 2006
In this study we examine the association between household food insecurity and seasonally high heating and cooling costs. Logistic regression models, controlling for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, were estimated using data on household food security and economic and demographic data from the 1995-2001 Current Population Survey Food Security Supplements and ...
Forshee Richard A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Demographic characteristics and beverage choices may affect diet quality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the independent associations between consumption of food categories of the US Department of Agriculture Food Guide Pyramid, beverage consumption, gender, age, family income, and race/ethnicity with the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). METHODS: Data from the Continuing Survey ...
Matheson Donna M - - 2006
Food-related parenting attitudes are thought to influence children's dietary intake and weight. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between mothers' reports of food-related parenting and children's dietary intake and body mass index (BMI). A sample of 108 Mexican-American fifth-grade children and their mothers were surveyed. Children's ...
Kim Hyungsoo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between consumption and driving status among older persons within the context of selected variables, including self-rated health and functional status. METHODS: The data were from the 1998, 2000, and 2002 Health and Retirement Study and the 2003 Health and Retirement Study Consumption and Activities ...
Taveras Elsie M EM Center for Child Health Care Studies, Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care and Harvard Medical School, 133 Brookline Avenue, 6th floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2006
To examine the extent to which television (TV) and video viewing is associated with consumption of fast food by preschool-age children. In a cross-sectional study of 240 parents of children ages 2.0 to 5.9 years, parents reported the number of hours their child watched TV/videos on an average weekday and ...
Ricciuto Laurie E - - 2007
Socio-economic disparities in nutrition have been documented in numerous countries, and have been linked to health inequalities. Social and economic policy changes occurring over the last several years have resulted in growing levels of income inequality in many countries. However, the extent to which these temporal changes have affected nutrition ...
Kruger A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess socio-economic indicators, nutritional status and living conditions of farm workers and their families, with the purpose to develop research and intervention programmes aimed at enhancing nutritional status and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: Three farm schools in two districts of the North-West Province and farming communities ...
Connor Susan M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study used content analysis to explore how much and what type of advertising is present in television programming aimed at toddlers and preschool-aged children and what methods of persuasion are being used to sell products and to promote brands to the youngest viewers. METHODS: Four randomly selected, 4-hour ...
Hadley Craig - - 2006
Little is known about the food insecurity situation among families resettled into the United States as part of the refugee resettlement program. This paper reports on a pilot study examining food insecurity among recently arrived refugee families (n=33). Objectives were to evaluate the usefulness and feasibility of methods to assess ...
Kamphuis Carlijn B M - - 2006
The current ecological approach in health behaviour research recognises that health behaviour needs to be understood in a broad environmental context. This has led to an exponential increase in the number of studies on this topic. It is the aim of this systematic review to summarise the existing empirical evidence ...
Block Daniel D Department of Geography, Sociology, Economics, and Anthropology, Chicago State University, 9501 South King Drive, Chicago, IL 60628, USA. - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to characterise the food landscape of an inner city African American neighbourhood and its mixed-race suburban neighbour. Detailed analysis focuses on the relationship between community store mix and price, availability and produce quality. A market basket study was completed by members of the ...
Quandt Sara A SA Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. - - 2006
Household food insecurity is higher among minority households in the U.S., but few data exist on households of recent minority immigrants, in part because such households are difficult to sample. Four studies of a total of 317 Latino immigrant families were conducted in different regions and during different seasons in ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2007
This study provides a multivariate analysis of the availability of food store outlets in the US and associations with neighborhood characteristics on race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). Commercial food store outlet data are linked across 28,050 zip codes to Census 2000 data. Multivariate regression analyses are used to examine ...
Ivanova Ludmila - - 2006
Major economic transitions typically entail changes in the availability of and purchasing power for different types of foods leading to long-term changes in the composition of the diet. Bulgaria, a former Eastern Bloc country, underwent a difficult and protracted transition from a centralized to market economy with acute economic crises ...
Whitaker Robert C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine if the prevalence of depression and anxiety in mothers and the prevalence of behavior problems in preschool-aged children are more common when mothers report being food insecure. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 2870 mothers of 3-year-old children was conducted in 2001-2003 in 18 large US ...
Renzaho Andre Mn - - 2006
CONTEXT: This paper reports on findings from the ex-post evaluation of the Maewo Capacity Building project in Maewo Island, Vanuatu, which was funded by World Vision Australia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which the infrastructure and systems left behind by the project contributed to the improvement of household food ...
Richards Rickelle - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of the shelter environment and surrounding community on lifestyle factors influencing the health of homeless families. DESIGN AND SETTING: Seven focus groups were conducted at two homeless shelters serving families in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Food resources and food prices at convenience stores were recorded within a ...
Gulliford Martin C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether experienced food insecurity was associated with weight control behaviour of adolescents. DESIGN: A national survey of 16-year-old students with the six-item food security scale, questions concerning intentions of trying to change weight, physical activity patterns, and measurement of height and weight. SETTING: Representative sample of 29 ...
Carrigan Marylyn - - 2006
The paper explores the meaning of convenience food for UK mothers, investigating the relationship between mothers and their families' food. The study examines the role of convenience food within the food strategies of contemporary UK families, and aims to elicit consumption meanings in the broader social context of family relationships ...
Chapman Kathy - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive content analysis of television food advertising and provide data on current levels of food advertising in Australia. All three commercial stations available on free-to-air Australian television were concurrently videotaped between 7 a.m. and 9 p.m. on two weekdays and both ...
Oldewage-Theron Wilna H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine household food security and coping strategies of an informal settlement in the Vaal Triangle. STUDY DESIGN: A survey study design was used. METHODS: Pre-tested socio-demographic questionnaires were administered to 357 randomly selected caregivers and 149 children aged 9-13 years old. A ...
Folta Sara C - - 2006
To determine whether the contents of food and beverage advertisements are associated with physical activity and athletic ability more often than those for toys and games, and to describe persuasive techniques used in advertising food and beverages to children. A content analysis of advertisements during 31 hours of school-age children's ...
Tscholl Elizabeth - - 2006
PURPOSES: To assess the self-identified food security knowledge and practices of nurse practitioners (NPs) in Ohio and the relationships of food security knowledge and practices to NP characteristics. DATA SOURCES: This study utilized a survey approach for data collection. Participants were licensed NPs with prescriptive authority in Ohio who were ...
Holben David H - - 2006
In 2003, 11.2% of U.S. households were at some time food insecure; in 1999, when this study was conducted, 10.1% of U.S. households were at some time food insecure. A previous study of individuals from an Appalachian Ohio county suggested that food insecurity is associated with poorer self-reported health status. ...
Wicks Rosemary - - 2006
Adequate nutrition is an essential determinant of health. Disadvantaged individuals within the cities of developed countries continue to have poor health, yet the role of food insecurity in such groups is poorly understood. This cross-sectional study describes such experiences among 22 randomly selected participants who participated in interviews at a ...
Epstein Leonard H - - 2006
To our knowledge, there are no data on parental influences on child purchasing behavior of healthy or unhealthy foods. Mothers and children in ten families were given 5.00 US dollars to purchase portions of preferred fruits/vegetables and high energy-dense snack foods for each of ten trials of price manipulations. For ...
Frongillo Edward A - - 2006
Organizations measure household food insecurity for program design, planning, targeting, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation, but existing measures often are inadequate. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to develop and validate an experienced-based measure of the access component of food insecurity in northern Burkina Faso. In-depth interviews on food insecurity were ...
Melgar-Quinonez Hugo R - - 2006
This study examined the association between food insecurity, determined by a modified version of the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module (US HFSSM), and total daily per capita (DPC) consumption (measured as household expenditures) in Bolivia, Burkina Faso, and the Philippines. Household food insecurity was determined by an adapted 9-item ...
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