Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 681
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Brown Ian J IJ Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, - - 2009
High levels of dietary sodium (consumed as common salt, sodium chloride) are associated with raised blood pressure and adverse cardiovascular health. Despite this, public health efforts to reduce sodium consumption remain limited to a few countries. Comprehensive, contemporaneous sodium intake data from around the world are needed to inform national/international ...
Chandra A K - - 2009
AIM: To assess the prevalence of goiter, state of iodine nutrition of the population, consumption pattern of common goitrogenic food, and distribution of iodine through edible salt in selected CD Blocks of Siddharthnagar district in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. METHODS: Goiter survey among 1,862 school children, aged 6-12 years, of both ...
Thomson Barbara M - - 2009
The salt content of processed foods is important because of the high intake of Na by most New Zealanders. A database of Na concentrations in fifty-eight processed foods was compiled from existing and new data and combined with 24 h diet recall data from two national nutrition surveys (5771 respondents) ...
Akay Cemal - - 2009
The aim of the study was to examine whether powdered rice could be used as an anticaking agent in table salt. Salts free from anticaking food additives were selected and powdered rice was added at different concentrations (0%, 1%, 2%, 5%, 10% and 20%). The samples were placed away from ...
Shiraishi Kunio - - 2009
Dietary iodine and bromine intakes in Ukrainian subjects were estimated in relation to the health effects on inhabitants after the Chernobyl accident. Two hundred and eighty-six total diets were collected from twenty-five regions for Ukrainians by a duplicate portion study. Iodine and bromine were rapidly determined by inductively coupled plasma ...
Zabala José - - 2009
This study focuses on the determination of iodine content in healthy thyroid samples on male population from Caracas, Venezuela. Contribution to establish a baseline of iodine content in thyroid glands and hence to compare the iodine thyroid concentration of the Venezuelan population with other countries is also our objective. Male ...
Toldrá Fidel - - 2009
There are many foods containing variable amounts of sodium chloride in their formulation, sometimes its content is relatively large and has strong contribution to the salt dietary intake. Some of these foods belong to usual products like bakery, butchery and dairy foods, ready meals, sauces, snacks, etc. There is a ...
Leniszewski Stefanie - - 2009
Severe iodine deficiency results in impaired thyroid hormone synthesis and thyroid enlargement. In the United States, adequate iodine intake is a concern for women of childbearing age and pregnant women. Beyond this high risk group iodine deficiency is not considered to be a significant problem. This case report describes a ...
Murakami T - - 2009
This study was conducted to estimate the relative contribution of particular foods and drinks to dietary fluoride intake in 94 preschool Japanese children in low-fluoride areas. The mean daily fluoride intake from all beverages (548 +/- 162 g) was 0.108 mg (SD = 0.082), accounting for 37% of the total ...
Thomson B M - - 2009
The stability of iodine from iodized salt was measured in white bread, grain bread, sweet biscuits and the breakfast cereals, Weetbix (a flaked, pressed, wheat product), Ricies (a puffed rice product) and toasted muesli, as part of the New Zealand Government's initiatives to address the public health issue of low ...
Karbouj Rim - - 2009
In this work, we studied aluminium leaching from cookware to food under the effect of citric acid that is commonly found in foods and beverages. The authors showed that boiling the cookware in water prior to cooking is suitable for the decrease of aluminium leaching into food by a factor ...
He F J - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Raised blood pressure (BP), cholesterol and smoking, are the major risk factors. Among these, raised BP is the most important cause, accounting for 62% of strokes and 49% of coronary heart disease. Importantly, the risk is throughout the ...
Witte Elsbeth C - - 2009
Measurement of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in a 24-h collection is the gold standard method to determine the presence of microalbuminuria. We sought to compare more practical alternatives--measurement of urinary albumin concentration (UAC) or albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR)--in a first morning void or in a spot urine sample with this gold ...
Kracht W - - 2009
Frothers are surfactants used in flotation to aid generation of small bubbles, an effect attributed to coalescence prevention. Studying coalescence at the moment of bubble creation is a challenge because events occur over a time frame of milliseconds. This communication introduces a novel acoustic technique to study coalescence as bubbles ...
Ozaki Shingen - - 2008
Eight salt-tolerant yeasts were isolated from contaminated pickled plums which were seasoned with honey and "Umami" seasoning. They were classified into four main groups according to random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis, and three of ten kinds of food additives tested inhibited their growth. The type strains of each group were ...
Kaspari Michael - - 2008
Sodium is an essential nutrient whose deposition in rainfall decreases with distance inland. The herbivores and microbial decomposers that feed on sodium-poor vegetation should be particularly constrained along gradients of decreasing sodium. We studied the use of sucrose and NaCl baits in 17 New World ant communities located 4-2757 km ...
Chandra A K - - 2008
The present investigation was undertaken to study the iodine nutritional status of school children of Imphal east district in Manipur where endemic goitre persists during post-salt iodization phase along with the investigation of the factors responsible for the occurrence of goitre endemicity. A total of 1,286 children (6-12 yr) were ...
Sosa M - - 2008
The objectives of the present study were to measure the ideal salt concentration in French-type bread among Argentine consumers in a home-usage-test (HUT) considering income status and salt content of daily bread consumption as covariables, and to compare the ideal salt concentrations measured in a HUT and a central-location test ...
Crain Caitlin Mullan - - 2008
Secondary succession plays a critical role in driving community structure in natural communities, yet how succession dynamics vary with environmental context is generally unknown. We examined the importance of seedling and vegetative recruitment in the secondary succession of coastal marsh vegetation across a landscape-scale environmental stress gradient. Replicate bare patches ...
Park S Y - - 2008
Pork loin and belly cuts were pumped to 110% of their original weight with solutions containing 5% of various ingredients (sodium ascorbate, garlic, and onion powder), and evaluated the physicochemical properties, and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities during refrigerated storage at 8 degrees C. The addition of garlic and onion powder ...
Husøy T - - 2008
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed in carbohydrate-rich food during acid-catalysed dehydration and in the Maillard reaction from reducing sugars. HMF is found in mg quantities per kg in various foods. HMF is mainly metabolised to 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furoic acid (HMFA), but unknown quantities of the mutagenic 5-sulphoxymethylfurfural (SMF) may also be formed, making ...
Kumar Sawan - - 2008
Debaryomyces nepalensis, a halotolerant food-spoiling yeast could grow in complex (YEPD) medium at different pHs ranging between 3.0 and 11.0 in the absence of salt and at pH 3.0-9.0 in the presence of different concentrations of NaCl and KCl. The specific growth rate of D. nepalensis was not affected by ...
Alvarez-Ayuso E - - 2008
The incorporation of aluminium sulphate to (flue gas desulphurisation) FGD gypsum before its disposal was investigated as a way to minimise the risk supposed by the high fluoride content of its leachates. Using a bath method the kinetic and equilibrium processes of fluoride removal by aluminium sulphate were studied at ...
Kotkar Rahul M - - 2008
The behavior of nicotinamide has been studied by differential pulse polarography and cyclic voltammetry in the presence of certain ionic and nonionic surfactants, viz. cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) and Triton X-100 (TX-100). The cathodic peak potential (E(p(c))) and peak current (I(p(c))) of nicotinamide were found to be remarkably ...
Li Nicole - - 2009
A potassium chloride-containing salt substitute lowers blood pressure levels, but its overall acceptability has been of concern due to its potential adverse effects on food taste. In a large-scale, blinded randomised trial evaluating the comparative effects of a salt substitute (65 % sodium chloride, 25 % potassium chloride and 10 ...
Sriranjini Venkata-rao - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of sulfuryl fluoride, a structural fumigant for termite and woodborer control, has recently been expanded to treating stored food commodities and food facilities. There is, however, a lack of data on the sorption of sulfuryl fluoride by food commodities. Knowledge about sorption is important in the context ...
Moon Eun-Kyung - - 2008
Members of the genus Acanthamoeba, amphizoic protozoan parasites, are causative agents of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and amoebic keratitis. Proteinases play a role in various biologic actions in Acanthamoeba, including host tissue destruction, pathogenesis, and digestion of phagocytosed food. Interestingly, we found that encystation of Acanthamoeba was inhibited by the serine ...
Leshem Micah - - 2009
We are beginning to understand why humans ingest so much salt. Here we address three issues: The first is whether our salt appetite is similar to that in animals, which we understand well. Our analysis suggests that this is doubtful, because of important differences between human and animal love of ...
Kikuchi Yuriko - - 2008
Objective: In the present study, we determined iodine concentration in commonly consumed foods in Japan. Methods: One hundred thirty-nine foods and beverages were purchased from local markets and convenience stores. These samples were examined for iodine concentration by using gas chromatography after ashing or extraction. Results: The iodine concentrations in ...
Tilley E - - 2008
In laboratory experiments using synthetic urine the effect of temperature, faecal contamination, dilution and headspace on urine to be used as a feedstock for struvite recovery were examined. The effects of adding different quantities of magnesium on the amount of phosphorus that could be removed from solution was also examined. ...
Kessler Jack - - 2008
A key issue in the mechanism of thyroglobulin (Tg) iodination by thyroperoxidase (TPO) is whether a TPO-bound iodine intermediate directly iodinates Tg-incorporated tyrosines (specific iodination) or whether reactive iodine species released from TPO effectuate Tg iodination (nonspecific iodination). We addressed these alternatives by (a) determining the aqueous equilibria of the ...
Sabel Nina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal line (NNL) is in principle found in all primary teeth and the line represents the time of birth. Earlier findings of the appearance of the NNL in light microscope and in microradiographs have shown not only changes in the prism direction of the enamel, but that the ...
Alexander C M O'D - - 2008
Chondrules, which are roughly millimeter-sized silicate-rich spherules, dominate the most primitive meteorites, the chondrites. They formed as molten droplets and, judging from their abundances in chondrites, are the products of one of the most energetic processes that operated in the early inner solar system. The conditions and mechanism of chondrule ...
Downer M C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, from current cross-sectional data, the relationships between dental caries experience of 12-year-old children in 29 countries of Europe and four independent variables: national wealth (GDP), expressed as purchasing power parity (PPP x 1,000US$)/ capita/year; population per active dentist; sugar consumption, expressed as Kg/capita/year; and volume sales of ...
Chandra A K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The present work was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of goiter, state of iodine nutrition of the population, distribution of iodine through edible salt, bioavailability of iodine, consumption of common goitrogenic food that generally interfere with iodine nutrition in Naugarh sub-division of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh, India. SETTING: ...
Restani Patrizia - - 2008
Iodine is an essential nutrient for humans as a critical constituent of thyroid hormones; both iodine deficiency and excess have adverse consequences for the thyroid gland. The aims of this research were to compare claimed concentrations of iodine with measured ones in various iodine-supplemented products, estimate the amount of iodine ...
Karraker Nancy E - - 2008
Deicing agents, primarily road salt, are applied to roads in 26 states in the United States and in a number of European countries, yet the scale of impacts of road salt on aquatic organisms remains largely under-studied. The issue is germane to amphibian conservation because both adult and larval amphibians ...
Andersen L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the intake of household salt and its contribution to the total salt intake in a Danish population. METHODS: Eighty-seven healthy individuals (37 men and 50 women), aged 20-55 years, recruited from the area of Copenhagen, completed the study. Total salt intake was estimated from the mean urinary ...
Dopson Mark - - 2008
Silicate minerals are present in association with metal sulfides in ores and their dissolution occurs when the sulfide minerals are bioleached in heaps for metal recovery. It has previously been suggested that silicate mineral dissolution can affect mineral bioleaching by acid consumption, release of trace elements, and increasing the viscosity ...
Lepak Jesse M - - 2008
No consistent explanation has been found for the variability in the thiaminase activity of alewives Alosa pseudoharengus despite the role of alewife thiaminase in large-scale salmonine mortality in the Laurentian Great Lakes. We conducted experiments to evaluate the effect of two stressors, reduced salt content in the water and food ...
Hu Hongping - - 2008
We propose a corrugated polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) bimorph power harvester with the harvesting structure fixed at the two edges in the corrugation direction and free at the other edges. The resonant frequency of a corrugated PVDF bimorph is readily adjusted through changing either its geometrical configuration or the span length, ...
Sontia Bruno - - 2008
Consumption of large quantities of liquorice can cause hypokalemia and hypertension. These effects are associated with increased cortisol-mediated activation of renal mineralocorticoid receptors and hypoaldosteronism. The authors describe a patient with long-standing hypokalemia and uncontrolled hypertension related to excessive ingestion of liquorice. The case highlights the importance of obtaining a ...
Rasmussen Lone B - - 2008
Iodine deficiency is still common in some European countries. In Denmark an iodine fortification programme was introduced in 1998 and a monitoring programme was established prior to iodization. This study reports the change in urinary iodine excretion caused by fortification and investigates determinants of iodine intake after fortification. Iodine excretion ...
Hernández-Guerrero Juan Carlos - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze table salt available in Mexico City's market to identify the fluoride concentrations and to compare these with the Mexican regulations. METHODS: We analyzed 44 different brands of table salt. All samples were purchased at random in different stores, supermarkets, and groceries ...
Villa A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to confirm a previously obtained value for the fractional urinary fluoride excretion (FUFE) over a 24-hour period in adults and to assess whether there are significant differences between FUFE measured during the diurnal (7 a.m. and 6 p.m.) and the subsequent nocturnal (6 p.m. until 7 ...
Vanacor Roberta - - 2008
AIMS: We aimed to assess the extent of variability in urinary iodine (UI) within a day, to determine the period of the day when UI was better associated with the UI in 24 h, and to study the relationship between UI and urinary sodium. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 ...
Storm Buffy - - 2008
One possible reason for the sealing ability of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is its slight expansion upon setting. Both gray mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA) and white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA) are composed of approximately 75% Portland cement (PC). WMTA differs from GMTA in its lower content of tetracalcium aluminoferrite. This ...
Llena C - - 2008
Sugar consumption in Spain has remained constant at around 80 g/day since the 1970s. Although intake as sugar has fallen considerably, to around 13.5 g/person/day, the intake in processed foods has risen. Meanwhile, caries prevalence is falling or stabilizing. This situation is common in developed countries, where the impact of ...
Brannan R G - - 2008
The effect of grape seed extract (GSE, 0.1%) +/- NaCl (1%) in ground chicken thigh meat during refrigerated storage at 59%, 76%, 88%, and 99% relative humidity (RH) was examined. Compared to the untreated control, GSE (0.1%) delayed the reduction of water activity (a(w)) that occurred during refrigerated storage at ...
Hashimoto Tomoko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Salt intake restriction is important to health maintenance in subjects tending toward excessive intake. For convenience salt intake is ordinarily estimated at health check up centers using a salt-preference questionnaire, but whether or not the questionnaire identifies excessive salt consumers is unclear. METHODS: Daily salt intake in 725 subjects ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >