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Desmet E M - - 2004
In the growing season 2002-2003 two field experiments were carried out in winter wheat on the heavy clay soil of the coastal polder area at Zevekote to study the response of blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.) resistant or somewhat less sensitive to a wide variety of herbicides (clodinafop-propargyl, fenoxaprop-P-ethy1; flupyrsulfuron-methyl+metsulfuron-methyl, propoxycarbazone-sodium; ...
Puad H A Mohamad - - 2004
Crude oil terminal sludge contains technologically enhanced naturally occurring radionuclides such as (232)Th, (238)U, (228)Ra and (226)Ra, thus cannot be disposed of freely without proper control. The current method of disposal, such as land farming and storing in plastic drums is not recommended because it will have a long-term impact ...
Silva-Sánchez C - - 2004
The functional and rheological properties of amaranth albumins isolates extracted from two new Mexican varieties were determined. Functional properties tested were protein solubility, foaming, water and oil absorption capacities, emulsifying activity, and emulsion stability. The maximum solubility values for both amaranth albumins were found above pH 6 and values were ...
Sriamornsak Pornsak - - 2004
A new emulsion-gelation method to prepare oil-entrapped calcium pectinate gel (CaPG) beads capable of floating in the gastric condition was designed and tested. The gel beads containing edible oil were prepared by either being gently mixed or homogenized an oil phase and a water phase containing pectin, and then extruded ...
Satchithanandam Subramaniam - - 2004
On July 11, 2003, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration published a final rule amending its food-labeling regulations to require that trans FA be declared in the nutrition label of conventional foods and dietary supplements. The effective date of this final rule is January 1, 2006. This places some urgency ...
Nostro A - - 2004
AIMS: To verify the efficiency of Calamintha officinalis essential oil as natural preservative in two current formulations. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 1.0 and 2.0% (v/v) C. officinalis essential oil was assayed for its preservative activity in two product types (cream and shampoo). The microbial challenge test was performed following the ...
O'May G A - - 2004
AIMS: To develop a method for studying the microbial spoilage of water-in-oil emulsions and to use this to investigate (i) the intrinsic stability of water-in-oil formulations and (ii) Pseudomonas aeruginosa SP1-induced spoilage of a proprietary emulsion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aliquots of test emulsion were placed into wells of a microtitre ...
Anthony Sulali - - 2004
The crown rot pathogens isolated from banana samples collected from 12 localities in Sri Lanka were Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Fusarium proliferatum and Colletotrichum musae. Fungal pathogens isolated were able to cause crown rot disease alone or in combination. Disease severity was higher when combinations of virulent pathogens were used. Cymbopogon nardus ...
Chemat F - - 2004
During food emulsification and processing of sunflower oil (most used edible oil), a metallic and rancid odour has been detected only for insonated oil and foods. Some off-flavour compounds (hexanal and hept-2-enal) resulting from the sono-degradation of sunflower oil have been identified. A wide variety of analytical techniques (GC determination ...
Velluti A - - 2003
The effect of cinnamon, clove, oregano, palmarose and lemongrass oils on growth and FB1 production by three different isolates of F. proliferatum in irradiated maize grain at 0.995 and 0.950 aw and at 20 and 30 degrees C was evaluated. The five essential oils inhibited growth of F. proliferatum isolates ...
Herbert Edward - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of perfluorohexyloctane as a heavier-than-water tamponade for long-term use is limited by its tendency to dispersion and associated intraocular inflammation. Double-filling with silicone oil and F6H8 produces a united, two-layer bubble, appearing as a single bubble. This has been proposed as a method of improving the utility ...
Sridhar Soundharrajan Radhakrishanan - - 2003
Thirteen essential oils recovered by steam distillation from Indian herbs were analyzed for their chemical compositions using GC and GCMS. The antifungal activity against plant and Food mold rot were examined in vitro using poison food technique. The essential oil from cymbopogan exhibited control over all the plant and food ...
Stender Steen - - 2004
The contribution of dietary trans fatty acids (TFAs) on the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) has recently gained further support due to the results from large, prospective, population-based studies. Compared to saturated fat, TFAs are, gram to gram, associated with a considerably (2.5- to >10-fold) higher risk increment for ...
Cathala B - - 2003
SEC elution curves of spruce milled wood lignin (MWL) and guaiacyl lignin polymer models (G-DHPs) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) exhibited a bimodal elution profile. Light scattering measurements indicated that these elution profiles were due to association effects between the molecules. This became apparent from the determination of high molar masses in ...
Mu Xiaohong - - 2003
Methods are proposed and tested for mimicking the in vitro food effect on controlled release dosage forms, using USP dissolution apparatus 3. Using in vivo data a pH and time profile was constructed, and the methods utilized either presoaking in peanut oil or continuous oil contact to mimic the presence ...
Miguel Maria G - - 2003
The composition of essential oils isolated from Thymus albicans and Thymbra capitata collected in Algarve (Portugal), Th. mastichina collected in Algarve and Estremadura (Portugal) and Th. carnosus also collected in Algarve, during the flowering phase, was analysed by gas chromatography (GC) and GC coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antioxidant ...
Persson E - - 2003
An association between the intake of heterocyclic amines (HAs) and the development of cancer has been observed in some epidemiological studies, while in other studies no such correlation has been found. HAs are mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds formed at low levels via the Maillard reaction and a free radical mechanism during cooking ...
Vichi Stefania - - 2003
SPME was employed to characterize the volatile profile of virgin olive oils produced in two geographical areas of northern Italy: the region of the Gulf of Trieste and the area near Lake Garda. There are as yet no data on the headspace composition of virgin olive oils from these regions, ...
Mikich Sandra Bos - - 2003
We performed field tests using mimetic Piper fruits with and without essential oil extracted through hydrodistillation from Piper gaudichaudianum ripe fruits in order to evaluate the role of odor in Carollia perspicillata attraction and capture in mist-nets. During the field tests, 26 C. perspicillata were captured, 21 (80.7%) in nets ...
Miyazawa Mitsuo - - 2003
The essential oil components from root part of Cirsium japonicum and oviposition-stimulatory activity against Ostrinia zealis by root essential oil were investigated. The main component of fresh root essential oil was aplotaxene (75.14%) and of dried root stock was found to be palmitic acid (14.42%). The root oil was significantly ...
Stoffers N H - - 2003
The migration of laurolactam and cyclic di- and trimer of nylon 12 was assessed using three different films and five food simulants (olive oil, isooctane, 95% ethanol, 50% ethanol, water). Substitute test conditions for migration into olive oil according to European Union Directive EC/97/48 were applied using 95% ethanol and ...
Bergonzelli G E - - 2003
An increased density of Helicobacter pylori in the gastric mucosa can be associated with more severe gastritis and an increased incidence of peptic ulcers. Therefore, people with asymptomatic gastritis would certainly benefit from a nutritional approach to help them manage the infection and therefore decrease the risk of development of ...
Ozen Banu F - - 2003
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) methods and common chemometric techniques [including discriminant analysis (DA), Mahalanobis distances, and Cooman plots] were used to classify various types of dietary supplement oils (DSO) and less expensive, common food oils. Rapid FT-IR methods were then developed to detect adulteration of DSO with select common ...
Nikitik Christopher C S - - 2003
The macrobenthic fauna of the Milford Haven Waterway was studied in detail following the 'Sea Empress' oil spill in 1996. Contamination patterns indicated heaviest contamination of sediments by oil to have occurred in the lower reaches of the waterway, although water borne hydrocarbons are likely to have penetrated throughout the ...
Cabal J - - 2003
The ability of foam-making blends to decontaminate the skin exposed to organophosphorus compounds was tested. The appropriate composition and rheological features (stability, grade of foaming) of tested blends were evaluated by in vitro methods and their ability to remove the contaminants from hard surface and to transform the contaminants into ...
Serra-Majem Ll - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of food, nutrient and energy intakes with olive oil consumption in Spain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. SETTING: Population-based random sample derived from the Catalan Nutrition Survey. SUBJECTS: In total, 1600 individuals between 18 and 60 y of ...
Wiese Francis K - - 2003
The Grand Banks south of Newfoundland provide year-round feeding habitat for tens of millions of seabirds of numerous species, an abundance and diversity unparalleled in the North Atlantic. Dense ship traffic routes traverse this productive environment as vessels travel the Great Circle Route between Europe and North America. Oiled seabirds ...
Steinhart H - - 2003
More than one quarter of total daily calories are normally provided by fatty acids which contain at least one double bond. The usual configuration of these double bonds is the cis configuration. Trans fatty acids (TFA) are formed in technological and microbiological processes by isomerization of cis double bonds to ...
Valero M - - 2003
The antibacterial activity of 11 essential oils from aromatic plants against the strain INRA L2104 of the foodborne pathogen Bacillus cereus grown in carrot broth at 16 degrees C was studied. The quantity needed by the essential oils of nutmeg, mint, clove, oregano, cinnamon, sassafras, sage, thyme or rosemary to ...
Rolls Edmund T - - 2003
The primate orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is a site of convergence from taste, olfactory, and somatosensory cortical areas. We describe a population of single neurons in the macaque OFC that responds to the texture of food in the mouth. Use of oral viscosity stimuli consisting of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) in the range ...
Amar Idit - - 2003
Lutein, a naturally occurring carotenoid, is widely distributed in fruits and vegetables and is particularly concentrated in the Tagetes erecta flower. Epidemiological studies suggest that a high lutein intake (6 mg/day) increases serum levels that are associated with a lower risk of cataract and age-related macular degeneration. Lutein can either ...
Bellissimo Nick - - 2003
The hypothesis of these studies was that all fats and carbohydrates suppress food intake, at least in part, via cholecystokinin-A receptors (CCKAR). Fat (coconut oil, beef tallow, olive and safflower oil) and carbohydrate (cornstarch, sucrose, glucose and fructose) preloads were given intragastrically (1 g/4 mL) 30 min before feeding. Devazepide ...
Awad O M - - 2003
We conducted a study to determine the laboratory and field efficacy of neem oil towards anopheline larvae. No difference in LC50 was observed between laboratory and field strains for temephos, chlorpyriphos-methyl/fenitrothion and neem oil. No difference in susceptibility was found after 3 months of application every 2 weeks. Water treated ...
Wansink Brian B University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA. - - 2003
How does fat consumption influence the consumption of companion foods such as bread? Adult restaurant goers who were randomly given olive oil for their bread used 26% more oil on each piece of bread compared to those who were given block butter, but they ended up eating 23% less bread ...
Suppakul Panuwat - - 2003
Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is a popular culinary herb, and its essential oils have been used extensively for many years in food products, perfumery, and dental and oral products. Basil essential oils and their principal constituents were found to exhibit antimicrobial activity against a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive ...
Schimleck Laurence R - - 2003
The identification of Melaleuca cajuputi leaf samples (trees) that demonstrate enhanced oil characteristics using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is described. Leaf samples from an unthinned M. cajuputi seedling seed orchard in Indonesia were collected and air-dried, and their 1,8-cineole content and oil concentrations were determined. NIR spectra of the leaves ...
Chau Chi-Fai - - 2003
Fiber-rich fractions (FRFs) including soluble and insoluble dietary fibers (SDF and IDF), alcohol-insoluble solid (AIS), and water-insoluble solid (WIS) were isolated from the peel of Citrus sinensis L. cv. Liucheng for analysis and tests. The peel was rich in insoluble FRFs (IDF, AIS, and WIS; 476-515 g kg(-1) of peel), ...
Spernath Aviram - - 2003
Microemulsions are of growing interest to the food industry as vehicles for delivering and enhancing solubilization of natural food supplements with nutritional and health benefits. The incorporation of molecular phytosterols, cholesterol-lowering agents, in food products is of great interest to the food industry. In this work is demonstrated the use ...
Araújo C - - 2003
The essential oils from aerial parts of Melissa officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Salvia officinalis, and Mentha piperita were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Their antimicrobial activities were evaluated against five food spoilage yeasts, Torulaspora delbrueckii, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, Pichia membranifaciens, Dekkera anomala, and Yarrowia lipolytica. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was also ...
Teera-Arunsiri Aroonrat - - 2003
Bacillus thuringiensis is the most widely used biopesticide among many methods available to control insects. To make a saleable product, B. thuringiensis must be substantially concentrated by removal of water and formulated to improve longevity, efficacy, and ease of transport of the product. B. thuringiensis subsp. aizawai culture broth as ...
Scotter M J - - 2003
Five food-grade mineral hydrocarbon (MHC) materials; a low melting point wax (LMPW), a synthetic wax (C80W) and three white oils (N15H, N70H and P70H) were administered orally to female Fischer-344 rats for 28 and 90 days at a dose level of 2% in the diet. Tissues were examined at autopsy ...
Aidos Isabel - - 2003
Fish oils extracted from marinated herring (frozen and unfrozen) byproducts and maatjes herring byproducts were evaluated on their chemical and sensory properties. The obtained crude oils had very low content of copper (<0.1 mg/kg oil), and iron values were 0.8, 0.1, and 0.03 mg/kg oil, respectively, for oil from maatjes ...
Littlejohn David - - 2003
A new procedure to measure the total volume of emissions from heavy crude oil storage tanks is described. Tank flashing losses, which are difficult to measure, can be determined by correcting this value for working and breathing losses. The procedure uses a fan or blower to vent the headspace of ...
Flickinger Brent D - - 2003
Excess calorie intake in industrialized countries has prompted development of fat substitutes and other lower-calorie dietary items to enhance health. DAG cooking oils, with a 1,3 configuration, taste and have the texture of commonly used TAG cooking oils. Because they are not hydrolyzed to 2-MAG in the gut, the absorption ...
Warner Kathleen - - 2003
To determine the effects of gamma-tocopherol on the stability of fried food, potato chips were fried in triolein with 0, 100, or 400 ppm gamma-tocopherol. Potato chips, sampled at 1, 3, and 6 h of frying time, were aged for 0, 2, and 4 days at 60 degrees C and ...
Mukhopadhyay Indranil - - 2003
We explored the reproductive toxicity of argemone oil and its principal alkaloid fraction in transgenic Drosophila melanogaster (hsp70-lacZ) Bg(9). The toxicity of argemone oil has been attributed to two of its physiologically active benzophenanthridine alkaloids, sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. Freshly eclosed first instar larvae of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster were transferred to ...
Suderman Keith - - 2003
Fuel oil #6 is used for the production of electrical power in the United States. Orimulsion is being considered as an alternative fuel, but its value and risk compared to fuel oil #6 need to be assessed. Our study examined the relative impact of accidental spills of the two hydrocarbons ...
Sánchez-Muniz Francisco J - - 2003
The debate on deep-fat frying is primarily focused on the point at which any oil used for frying should be discarded. Polar content (PC) and triacylglycerol oligomer content (TOC) determinations constitute the basis of legislation for oil discarding in some European countries. Most of them have set a maximum level ...
Sundram Kalyana - - 2003
The palm fruit (Elaies guineensis) yields palm oil, a palmitic-oleic rich semi solid fat and the fat-soluble minor components, vitamin E (tocopherols, tocotrienols), carotenoids and phytosterols. A recent innovation has led to the recovery and concentration of water-soluble antioxidants from palm oil milling waste, characterized by its high content of ...
Mesban H A - - 2003
In this study the palatability tests of certain food items as attractants in the poisoned-baits for the albino mouse Mus musculus var. albus showed that the food items of treacle, maize oil, dry or wet sugar and milk powder act as more attractive pleasant materials that encourage the mice to ...
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