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Fabunmi, TO; ;
Maize, soyabean and pigeon pea were inter-planted with a juvenile oil palm plantation in 1999-2002 at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (7&#176;15'N, 3&#176;25', altitude 144m above sea level) to evaluate the growth of the interplanted oil palm as well as yield and overall economic ...
Tarrago-Trani Maria Teresa - - 2006
The US Food and Drug Administration's final ruling on trans-fatty acid labeling issued in 2003 has caused a rapid transformation in the fat and oil industries. Novel ingredients and improved technologies are emerging to replace partially hydrogenated fats in foods. We present an overview of the structure and formation of ...
Lalas Stavros - - 2006
The frying performance of Moringa stenopetala seed oil (extracted with cold press or n-hexane) was studied especially as regards repeated frying operations. The oils were used for intermittent frying of potato slices and cod filets at a temperature of 175 degrees C for 5 consecutive days (5 fryings per day). ...
Pisutthanan N - - 2006
The chemical composition of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Chromolaena odorata, collected from Phitsanulok, Thailand was analyzed by means of GC-(FID) and GC-MS. Twenty-two constituents were identified. The major components were pregeijerene (17.6%), germacrene D (11.1%), alpha-pinene (8.4%), beta-caryophyllene (7.3%), vestitenone (6.5%), beta-pinene (5.6%), delta-cadinene (4.9%), geijerene ...
Vlachos N - - 2006
Recent developments in Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy instrumentation extend the application of this technique to the field of food research, facilitating particularly the studies on edible oils and fats. In this work, FT-IR spectroscopy is used as an effective analytical tool in order: (a) to determine extra virgin olive ...
Manthey John A - - 2006
Preliminary studies have shown that orange peel polymethoxylated flavones (PMFs) exhibit beneficial biological properties in animals. These properties have increased the demands for these compounds as candidate nutraceuticals and specialty food ingredients. Orange oil residues are a likely commercial source of the PMFs, and a rapid, solvent-free method for the ...
Katan Martijn B - - 2006
Lowering the intake of trans fatty acids (TFA) probably reduces the incidence of coronary heart disease. Estimates of the reduction vary from 4% based on changes in plasma LDL and HDL concentrations alone, to > 20% based on epidemiological associations when TFA intake is lowered by 2% of energy (5 ...
Nielsen Karsten - - 2006
Since the start in Italy and Denmark more than 10 years ago the application of fats and oils without trans fatty acids (TFA) has increased all over the world. Today the food industry uses enormous resources to decrease the content of TFA in existing and new products. The food industry ...
Chorianopoulos Nikos - - 2006
Seasonal variation in chemical composition of essential oils obtained from Satureja parnassica subsp. parnassica Heldr. & Sart ex Boiss. and Satureja thymbra L. was determined by GC and GC-MS analysis. The in vitro antibacterial activities of these essential oils were evaluated at two different initial levels against two common foodborne ...
Sturve Joachim - - 2006
A consequence of oil drilling at sea is the release of produced water contaminated with e.g. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and alkylphenols. In the present study, juvenile Atlantic cod were exposed to North Sea oil, nonylphenol and a combination of the North Sea oil and an alkylphenol mixture in a ...
Ferruzzi Mario G - - 2006
While isomeric profiles of carotenoids found in food often differ from those in body fluids and tissues, insights about the basis for these differences remain limited. We investigated the digestive stability, relative efficiency of micellarization, and cellular accumulation of trans and cis isomers of beta-carotene (BC) using an in vitro ...
Arriaga Sonia - - 2006
Biofiltration of hydrophobic volatile pollutants is intrinsically limited by poor transfer of the pollutants from the gaseous to the liquid biotic phase, where biodegradation occurs. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of silicone oil for enhancing the transport and subsequent biodegradation of hexane by the fungus Fusarium solani ...
Neff Jerry M - - 2006
Seven taxa of intertidal plants and animals were sampled at 17 shoreline sites in Prince William Sound ([PWS]; AK, USA), that were heavily oiled in 1989 by the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS) to determine if polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from buried oil in intertidal sediments are sufficiently bioavailable to ...
Bes-Rastrollo M - - 2006
The aim of this dynamic prospective follow-up study was to assess the association between olive oil consumption and the likelihood of weight gain or the incidence of overweight or obesity in a large Mediterranean cohort of 7,368 male and female Spanish university graduates (the SUN Project) who were followed for ...
Song Hee Sun - - 2006
A comparison of the volatile profiles between Korean and Japanese Shiranui cold-pressed peel oil was performed by GC and GC-MS. Limonene was the most abundant in the Japanese (91.8%) and Korean (86.4%) oil. Alcohols accounted for 1.8% in the Korean oil, and 0.2% in the Japanese oil, in which the ...
Asma M Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The development of low-cost, high-protein food supplements for weaning infants from local and readily available raw materials is a constant challenge for developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To formulate, develop, and assess the nutritive value, acceptability, and keeping quality of sorghum-based staple dried flakes as instant weaning foods. METHODS: Weaning blends ...
Lapointe Annie - - 2006
Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDLs) appear to play a significant role in atherogenesis. In fact, circulating ox-LDL concentrations have been recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). A higher intake of some nutrients and specific food compounds such as monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and flavonoids ...
DiRienzo Maureen A - - 2006
Low linolenic acid soybean oil (LLSO) has been developed as a substitute for hydrogenated soybean oil to reduce intake of trans FA while improving stability and functionality in processed foods. We assessed the dietary impact of substitution of LLSO for hydrogenated soybean oil (HSBO) used in several food categories. All ...
Canakci Mustafa - - 2007
Biodiesel is usually produced from food-grade vegetable oils that are more expensive than diesel fuel. Therefore, biodiesel produced from food-grade vegetable oil is currently not economically feasible. Waste cooking oils, restaurant grease and animal fats are potential feedstocks for biodiesel. These inexpensive feedstocks represent one-third of the US total fats ...
Singh Gurdip - - 2006
In the present study, chemical constituents of the essential oil and oleoresin of the seed from Carum nigrum obtained by hydrodistillation and Soxhlet extraction using acetone, respectively, have been studied by GC and GC-MS techniques. The major component was dillapiole (29.9%) followed by germacrene B (21.4%), beta-caryophyllene (7.8%), beta-selinene (7.1%), ...
Rasooli Iraj - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Listeria monocytogenes has gained increasing attention as a pathogen of public health importance owing to large numbers of food-borne outbreaks of listeriosis. Because of negative consumer perception of chemical preservatives, attention is shifting towards natural alternatives. Particular interest has been focused on the potential application of plant essential oils. ...
Lucas Zoe - - 2006
During April 1996-May 2005, 2343 oiled seabird corpses were recorded in beach surveys conducted on Sable Island, Nova Scotia. One hundred eighty-three samples of oil were collected from the beaches and from the feathers of bird corpses. Gas chromatographic (GC/FID) analysis was used to identify generic oil type and likely ...
Flanagan John - - 2006
Microemulsions are thermodynamically stable, transparent, low viscosity, and isotropic dispersions consisting of oil and water stabilized by an interfacial film of surfactant molecules, typically in conjunction with a cosurfactant. Microemulsions (so-called due to their small particle size; 5-100 nm) have found application in a wide variety of systems, such as ...
Raghavan Malathi - - 2006
Using dry dog food label information, the hypothesis was tested that the risk of gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) increases with an increasing number of soy and cereal ingredients and a decreasing number of animal-protein ingredients among the first four ingredients. A nested case-control study was conducted with 85 GDV cases and ...
Ozcan Mehmet Musa - - 2006
A series of essential oils of 11 Turkish plant spices [black thyme, cumin, fennel (sweet), laurel, marjoram, mint, oregano, pickling herb, sage, savory, and thyme], used in foods mainly for their flavor, aromas, and preservation, in herbal tea, in alternative medicines, and in natural therapies, were screened for antibacterial effects ...
Behnam S - - 2006
The general antifungal activity of essential oils is well documented. The advantage of essential oils is their bioactivity in the vapor phase, a characteristic that makes them attractive as possible fumigants for stored product protection. Essential oils of aerial parts of Mentha piperita and Lavendula angustifolia were obtained with hydrodistillation ...
Boyraz Nuh - - 2006
The antifungal activities of the essential oil, hydrosol, ground material and extract of summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.) on mycelial growth of Alternaria mali Roberts and Botrytis cinerea Pers. were determined. All doses of extract inhibited 100% the mycelial growth of both fungi, and exhibited a fungicidal effect. The 15% ...
Tessier Sophie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine and analyse consumption changes over time of 24 food items between Sardinia and Malta. SETTING: The data were collected in 2001 in Sardinia and 2002 in Malta. DESIGN: A structured qualitative questionnaire, articulated around four main themes: food supply, transformation, preparation and consumption habits, was administered by ...
Sharma Aparna - - 2006
The present work evaluates the benefit of using ultrasonic pre-irradiation before extracting oil from almond and apricot seeds by aqueous enzymatic oil extraction (AEOE) process. The use of a commercial preparation which is a mixture of three proteases in AEOE gave 75% w/w oil yield from almonds at pH 4.0 ...
Schneider Yvonne - - 2006
Ultrasonic cutting is frequently used for the separation of foods, especially in case of commodities with multiple layers showing a different mechanical resistance. Both chemiluminescence measurements and the degradation of organochloric compounds served as an evidence for the occurrence of acoustic cavitation around excited cutting blades. Additionally, sensory experiments revealed ...
Mahmoud Barakat S M - - 2006
The antimicrobial and antioxidant effects on carp fillet samples of treatments with alkaline electrolyzed NaCl solution EW (-) prior to treatment with acidic electrolyzed NaCl solution EW (+) and 1% solutions of the essential oils consisting of 0.5% carvacrol and 0.5% thymol (1% Cv+Ty) were tested. First carp fillet samples ...
Fiselier Katell - - 2005
Injector-internal thermal desorption from edible oil or fat is a convenient sample preparation technique for the analysis of solutes in lipids or extracts from fatty foods. The injector temperature is selected to vaporize the solutes of interest while minimizing evaporation of the bulk material of the oil. This technique has ...
Ilori M O - - 2005
An Aeromonas spp. was isolated from tropical estuarine water. The organism grew on crude oil and produced biosurfactant that could emulsify hydrocarbons. The peak growth and biosurfactant production was on the 8th day. The organism grew on a range of hydrocarbons that include crude oil and hexadecane while no growth ...
Bruce Toby Ja - - 2005
The essential oil of Hemizygia petiolata Ashby (Lamiaceae) contains high levels (>70%) of the sesquiterpene (E)-beta-farnesene, the alarm pheromone for many economically important aphid species. In order to test the suitability of H. petiolata oil as a source of (E)-beta-farnesene for use in new integrated aphid control strategies, behavioural responses ...
Cisowski Wojciech - - 2005
Essential oils from leaves of Cephalotaxus fortunei Hook., Cephalotaxus haningtonia K. Koch., Cephalotaxus sinensis Li. and variety Cephalotaxus harringtonia var. drupacea Koidz. underwent qualitative and quantitative analysis. The content of the oils obtained by hydrodistillation in the investigated species was 0.01 - 0.22% v/w. Gas chromatography (GC-MS) with flame ionisation ...
Hall J A - - 2005
The study objective was to determine the effect of feeding food enriched in (n-3) fatty acids (FA) on plasma FA profiles and leukotriene B (LTB) synthesis by stimulated peripheral blood neutrophils from dogs. For 36 weeks, two groups of dogs (n = 5) were fed food that contained either a ...
Pfeiffer Patricia - - 2005
Food-grade soybean oil (SoyOil) has been used to enhance in situ anaerobic bioremediation at sites contaminated with chlorinated ethenes (CEs). The abiotic interactions of SoyOil with the CEs may be significant and need to be better understood. The oil: water partition coefficients (Kp) of dissolved CEs into SoyOil were measured ...
Faleiro Leonor - - 2005
Antilisterial activities of Thymbra capitata and Origanum vulgare essential oils were tested against 41 strains of Listeria monocytogenes. The oil of T. capitata was mainly constituted by one component, carvacrol (79%), whereas for O. vulgare three components constituted 70% of the oil, namely, thymol (33%), gamma-terpinene (26%), and p-cymene (11%). ...
Valero M - - 2006
The possible use of antimicrobials from seven plant essential oils as food preservatives was studied by examining their effects on the growth kinetics of activated Bacillus cereus INRA L2104 spores inoculated into tyndallized carrot broth. The effects of various concentrations of borneol, carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, menthol, thymol, and vanillin were ...
Marongiu Bruno - - 2005
Volatile concentrates from the oleo-gum resin of Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl. and from the rhizomes of Acorus calamus were isolated by supercritical extraction with carbon dioxide. The volatile oil of myrrh was obtained at 9.0 MPa and 50 degrees C and at a CO2 flow of 1.5 kg/h. Acorus calamus ...
Kodali Dharma R - - 2005
High-stability oils are used as coatings on food products that require long shelf life. The high stability oils produced from high-oleic oils require less processing and bring additional nutritional benefits such as lower trans and saturated fat contents. Accurate and reproducible oxidative stability measurement of these oils is necessary to ...
Waliwitiya Ranil - - 2005
Acute toxicities of three naturally occurring monoterpenoid essential oil constituents and the essential oil of rosemary were tested against late instars of Agriotes obscurus (L.) (Coleoptera: Elateridae). Both contact and volatile toxicities of thymol, citronellal, eugenol, and rosemary oil were determined. Also, phytotoxicity of these compounds was evaluated on corn ...
Schifter I - - 2005
Air emission data from offshore oil platforms, gas and oil processing installations and contribution of marine activities at the Sonda de Campeche, located at the Gulf of Mexico, were compiled and integrated to facilitate the study of long range transport of pollutants into the region. From this important region, roughly ...
Baker Max T - - 2005
Propofol is a potent lipophilic anesthetic that was initially formulated in Cremophor El for human use. Because of the occurrence of Cremophor EL anaphylaxis and improvements in the quality of lipid emulsions, it was ultimately brought to market as 1% propofol formulated in 10% soybean oil emulsion. Emulsions represent complex ...
Nair Maya B - - 2005
Lipid oxidation is a process, which results in rancidity and deterioration of fats posing a major problem in food industry. Antioxidants are of interest, which presumably protects food from oxidative deterioration during storage. The glutathione antioxidant system of different meat samples were noticed for six months under refrigerated storage. Activity ...
De Nino Antonio - - 2005
Oleuropein (OLP, 1), the active ingredient present (i) in food integrators extracted from olive leaves, (ii) in table olives, and (iii) in extra virgin olive oils is a nutraceutical whose health benefits have been widely documented. A new analytical method for its assay, which is based on the utilization of ...
Benson Heather Ae - - 2005
Sunscreen products are widely used to protect the skin from sun-related damage. Previous studies have shown that some sunscreen chemicals are absorbed across the skin to the systemic circulation. The current study shows that absorption into the skin of sunscreen chemicals applied to the face is up to four times ...
Biedermann Maurus - - 2005
Injector-internal thermal desorption from edible oils or fats enables the analysis of a wide range of compounds in oils or extracts of fatty food without prior removal of the sample matrix. The oil or fat is deposited onto the wall of the injector liner. The solutes of interest are evaporated, ...
Abdel-Hady Nevein M - - 2005
GC and GC/MS analysis of the hydrodistilled volatile oils of the leaves and flowers of Lantana camara L. cv. flava (Verbenaceae) cultivated in Egypt revealed both qualitative and quantitative variations. Experimentally, twenty-nine and twenty-two components were identified in the volatile oils of leaves and flowers representing 91.91% and 95.24% of ...
Eller Fred J - - 2005
On July 11, 2003, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced final regulations for trans fatty acid (TFA) labeling. By January 1, 2006, the TFA content of foods must be labeled as a separate line on the Nutrition Facts label. Products containing <0.5 g of TFA/14 g serving may ...
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