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Thurstan Ruth H RH School of Biological Sciences and ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, Queensland 4072, Australia; Environment Department, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
In many developed countries fish and shellfish are increasingly promoted as healthy alternatives to other animal protein. We analysed how much fish was available to UK and global populations after accounting for processing losses, and compared this to recommended levels of fish consumption. In 2012, UK domestic fish landings per ...
Kim Namsoo N Research Group of Convergence Technology, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam 463-746, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2015
Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) is an important quality index during food processing involving heat-treatment and sensitive determination of PPO activity has been a critical concern in the food industry. In this study, a new measurement of PPO activity exploiting an optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy-based immunosensor is presented using a polyclonal anti-PPO ...
Stier Antoine A University of Angers, France; - - 2014
Mitochondria have a fundamental role in the transduction of energy from food into ATP. The coupling between food oxidation and ATP production is however never perfect but may nevertheless be of evolutionary significance. The 'uncoupling to survive' hypothesis suggests that 'mild' mitochondrial uncoupling evolved as a protective mechanism against the ...
Kitpipit Thitika T Forensic Science Program, Department of Applied Science, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, 90112, - - 2014
This is the first time that direct PCR - DNA amplification without prior DNA extraction - was successfully developed and fully validated for rapid and economical simultaneous identification of six commonly consumed meat species. To achieve this, six species-specific primers were selected from previous reports and newly designed from the ...
Kim Miran M LOHABE, Department of Oceanography, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 500-757, Republic of - - 2014
The dinoflagellate Amylax triacantha is known to retain plastids of cryptophyte origin by engulfing the mixotrophic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum, itself a consumer of cryptophytes. However, there is no information on the fate of the prey's organelles and the photosynthetic performance of the newly retained plastids in A. triacantha. In this ...
Lu Yu Y Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Supramolecular Medicinal Materials and Applications, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, The People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of the present research was to explore whether food emulsifier polysorbate 80 can enhance the absorption of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its possible mechanism. We established the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for detecting DEHP and its major metabolite, mono-ethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) in rat plasma, and then ...
Forbes-Hernández Tamara Y TY Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche Specialistiche ed Odontostomatologiche, Sez. Biochimica, Facoltà di Medicina, Università Politecnica delle Marche, - - 2014
Mitochondria are essential organelles for cellular integrity and functionality mainteinance and their imparement is implicated in the development of a wide range of diseases, including metabolic, cardiovascular, degenerative and hyperproliferative pathologies. The identification of different compounds able to interact with mitochondria for therapeutic purposes is currently becoming of primary importance. ...
Librán-Pérez Marta M Laboratorio de Fisioloxía Animal, Departamento de Bioloxía Funcional e Ciencias da Saúde, Facultade de Bioloxía, Universidade de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, - - 2014
If levels of fatty acids like oleate and octanoate are directly sensed through different fatty acid (FA) sensing systems in hypothalamus of rainbow trout, intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of FA should elicit effects similar to those previously observed after intraperitoneal (IP) treatment. Accordingly, we observed after ICV treatment with oleate or ...
Wei Zhikui Z 1Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Transgenic over-expression of CTRP9, a secreted hormone down-regulated in obesity, confers striking protection against diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes. The physiological relevance of this adiponectin-related plasma protein, however, remains undefined. Here, we used gene targeting to establish the metabolic function of CTRP9 in a physiological context. Mice lacking CTRP9 ...
Lang Roman - - 2013
Atractyloside (1) and carboxyatractyloside (2) are well-known inhibitors of the adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) in mitochondria, thus effectively blocking oxidative phosphorylation. Structurally related derivatives atractyligenin (3), 2-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-atractyligenin (4), 3'-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-2'-O-isovaleryl-2β-(2-desoxy-atractyligenin)-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), and 2-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-carboxyatractyligenin (6) were isolated from raw beans of Coffea L. and the impact of 1-6 on ANT activity was ...
Hernández-Aguilera Anna - - 2013
Obesity is not necessarily a predisposing factor for disease. It is the handling of fat and/or excessive energy intake that encompasses the linkage of inflammation, oxidation, and metabolism to the deleterious effects associated with the continuous excess of food ingestion. The roles of cytokines and insulin resistance in excessive energy ...
Nilsson Ida A K - - 2013
Anorexia, meaning poor appetite, occurs in many human conditions, for example, anorexia nervosa, cachexia, and failure to thrive in infants. A key player in the regulation of appetite/food intake in general, as well as conditions of anorexia, is the hypothalamus, in particular, the AGRP/NPY and POMC/CART neurons in the arcuate ...
Lizárraga-Mollinedo E E Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Facultad Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, - - 2013
Previous comparative studies of fumarate hydratase (FH) protein density revealed that the enzyme was overexpressed in the striatum of rodents that are less influenced by rewarding stimuli, from cocaine to food. Therefore, we recently proposed FH as a potential striatal biomarker of brain reward deficiency and addiction vulnerability. This work ...
Cagetti Maria Grazia - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the caries-prevention effect of fluoridated food, excluding water. The main aim of this review was to evaluate the presence of scientific evidence relating to the effects of fluoride intake via food on the occurrence of carious lesions. The outcome ...
Yamashita Nayuta - - 2012
Knowledge of dietary mechanical properties can be informative about physical consequences to consumers during ingestion and mastication. In this article, we examine how Tamarindus indica fruits can affect dental morphology in a population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly special reserve in southwestern Madagascar. Ring-tailed lemurs in tamarind ...
Hsu Kun-Jung - - 2012
Gerodontology 2012; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2012.00632.x Evaluation of a self-assessed screening test for masticatory ability of Taiwanese older adults Objectives:  The aim of this study was to evaluate a screening test based on a food intake questionnaire to discriminate the masticatory ability of Taiwanese older adults with 20 and more natural teeth ...
Ozer Sezin - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of cow's milk, milk plus sugar, milk plus honey and formula on plaque pH when compared to a 10% sucrose solution in 8- to 12-year-old children. Materials and Methods: Plaque pH was measured using a pH microelectrode at baseline to determine resting plaque pH and ...
- - 2012
Probiotic bacteria added to milk, did not confer a beneficial effect.
van Bussel Bas C T - - 2011
A healthy diet rich in fish, fruit, and vegetables, moderate in alcoholic beverages, and low in dairy products has been associated with lower circulating concentrations of biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction (ED) and low-grade inflammation (LGI). It is, however, unknown how consumption of these food groups affects ED and/or LGI over ...
Hribar Alenka A Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2011
We investigated whether chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans encoded the location of a reward hidden underneath one of three identical cups in relation to (1) the other cups in the array-i.e., the relative position of the baited cup within the array; or (2) the landmarks surrounding the cups-e.g., the edge of ...
Montalbán-López Manuel - - 2011
Bacteriocins are ribosomally synthesized (poly)peptides produced by almost all prokaryotic lineages. Bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bacteriocin-producer probiotic organisms have been thoroughly studied due to their wide spectra of action, the long-term use in food fermentations and the consideration of these microorganisms as beneficial for human beings. Most ...
Leonard E K - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine pet-related management factors that may be associated with the presence of Salmonella spp. in feces of pet dogs from volunteer households. From October 2005 until May 2006, 138 dogs from 84 households in Ontario were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional study. ...
Pingret Daniella - - 2011
This paper presents a comparison between manufactured food products using conventional and ultrasound-assisted procedures. Three different foam-type products, chocolate Genoise, basic sponge cake, and chocolate mousse were prepared using both methods with subsequent evaluation of the samples using both sensory and physicochemical methods. Ultrasound-assisted preparations were considered superior according to ...
Jenkins Paul E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Experience of loss of control (LOC) during eating is an important indicator of pathology, although this concept has not received a great deal of research attention. The present study explores how quality of life (QoL) is related to LOC during eating. METHOD: Three hundred and thirty-nine female university students ...
Tempelmann Sebastian - - 2011
When begging for food, all great ape species are sensitive to a human's attention. However, studies investigating which cues are relevant for chimpanzees to assess the attentional state of others have produced highly inconsistent results. Some have suggested chimpanzees differentiate attention based on the status of the face or even ...
Galan Antonio M Gomez - - 2011
Lupin and soya are members of the Leguminosae family which are recognised as some of the richest source of vegetable proteins. Lupin- and soya-containing products are available on the EU market and could cause severe adverse reactions in allergic individuals, even if consumed at low concentrations. In this context the ...
Collado Luis - - 2011
The genus Arcobacter, defined almost 20 years ago from members of the genus Campylobacter, has become increasingly important because its members are being considered emergent enteropathogens and/or potential zoonotic agents. Over recent years information that is relevant for microbiologists, especially those working in the medical and veterinary fields and in ...
Wimpenny Joanna H - - 2010
Tool use is of great interest for cognitive research, largely because it can be particularly revealing about the underlying information processing mechanisms. Tool use that is inflexible or requires extensive experience to change, and that is only addressed towards specific targets such as food, is not likely to reflect unusual ...
Lessells C Kate M - - 2011
The evolutionary stability of honest signalling by offspring is thought to require that begging displays be costly, so the costs and benefits of begging--and whether they are experienced individually or by the whole brood--are crucial to understanding the evolution of begging behaviour. Begging is known to have immediate individual benefits ...
Henna Lu F S - - 2011
Marine phospholipids (MPL) have attracted a great deal of attention recently as they are considered to have a better bioavailability, a better resistance towards oxidation and a higher content of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) than oily triglycerides (fish oil) from the same source. Due to their tight intermolecular ...
Li Aihua - - 2010
A rapid and economical method for detecting Salmonella was developed, based on a novel complex for immunomagnetic separation, which was composed of anti-Salmonella polyclonal antibody (Ab) and magnetosome (bacterial magnetic particle, BMP) produced by the bacterium Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1. BMP-Ab complex was used to capture Salmonella from pure suspensions of ...
Wahlström H - - 2011
SUMMARYThe aim of this study was to identify the sources of sporadic domestic Salmonella cases in Sweden and to evaluate the usefulness of a source-attribution model in a country in which food animals are virtually free from Salmonella. The model allocates human sporadic domestic Salmonella cases to different sources according ...
Podolak Richard - - 2010
Sources and risk factors for contamination, survival, persistence, and heat resistance of Salmonella in low-moisture foods are reviewed. Processed products such as peanut butter, infant formula, chocolate, cereal products, and dried milk are characteristically low-water-activity foods and do not support growth of vegetative pathogens such as Salmonella. Significant food safety ...
- - 2010
In September 2009, the Connecticut Department of Public Health (DPH) identified an outbreak of Salmonella gastroenteritis among attendees at a reception. A case-control study and environmental and laboratory investigations were conducted. Nine case-patients and 14 control subjects were identified. Potato salad consumption was strongly associated with illness (odds ratio [OR] ...
Daly Elizabeth R - - 2010
More than 100 foodborne salmonellosis outbreaks occur each year in the United States. Contaminated food preparation equipment is implicated in approximately 32% of Salmonella outbreaks with a known source. In April 2009, we investigated reported Salmonella infections at a camp in New Hampshire. Camp attendees were contacted to complete a ...
Sampers Imca - - 2010
A diagnostic instrument comprising a combined assessment of core control and assurance activities and a microbial assessment instrument were used to measure the performance of current food safety management systems (FSMSs) of two poultry meat preparation companies. The high risk status of the company's contextual factors, i.e., starting from raw ...
Sanguankiat Arsooth - - 2010
The occurrence of Salmonella in food of animal origin in Chiang Mai province was investigated by using a cross-sectional study during several phases of the pork production chain (cutting, transport, and retail) and of the environment in the cutting unit of a slaughterhouse. In total, 173 pork samples were obtained ...
Mead Geoffrey - - 2010
Concerns about foodborne salmonellosis have led many countries to introduce microbiological criteria for certain food products. If such criteria are not well-grounded in science, they could be an unjustified obstacle to trade. Raw poultry products are an important part of the global food market. Import and export ambiguities and regulatory ...
Danan C - - 2011
SUMMARYNon-typhic Salmonella is one of the major bacterial pathogens that cause foodborne infections as well as economic losses for the food production industry. There is therefore a need to improve early detection to prevent the emergence and spread of Salmonella within the agro-food chain. The passive laboratory-based surveillance system of ...
Young Ian - - 2010
Provincial broiler-chicken marketing boards in Canada have recently implemented an on-farm food safety program called Safe, Safer, Safest. The purpose of this study was to measure broiler chicken producers' attitudes toward the program and food safety topics and use of highly recommended good production practices (GPP). Mailed and Web-based questionnaires ...
Krtinić G - - 2010
Salmonella enterica is one of the most common causes of food-borne infection in human beings. Cases of Salmonella infection have been decreasing in Europe in the last ten years, yet, Salmonella infections are still the main cause of acute diarrhea syndrome. Globalization has caused the international food industry to increase ...
Fosse J - - 2011
Application of risk analysis to control pork-borne zoonoses on farms is a major aim of the current European food safety legislation. The prevalence, levels of contamination and variations in pig contaminations according to herds and batches must therefore be studied to define relevant methods for control of zoonoses. The aims ...
Wang Siyun - - 2010
Salmonella enterica serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium are the leading causative agents of salmonellosis in the United States. S. Enteritidis is predominantly associated with contamination of shell eggs and egg products, whereas S. Typhimurium is frequently linked to tainted poultry meats, fresh produce, and recently, peanut-based products. Chlorine is an oxidative ...
Oostindjer Marije - - 2011
Young omnivores show food neophobia in order to avoid the potential harmful effects of ingesting unfamiliar food items. We investigated whether the presence of the mother and an enriched rearing environment would reduce food neophobia in piglets. A mother may provide information on suitable food types to include in the ...
Miyahara Michiko - - 2010
Fourteen laboratories with expertise in Salmonella detection in food joined in a collaborative study. The laboratories performed qualitative analyses of ground pork samples using the proposed detection method. Salmonella Typhimurium (hydrogen sulfide-producing strain) and Salmonella Senftenberg (hydrogen sulfide-nonproducing strain) were used for inoculation. Three levels of Salmonella contamination were used ...
Wang Shuguang - - 2010
Salmonella bacteria are the major cause for the infection of 16 million people worldwide with typhoid fever each year. Antibiotic-resistant Salmonella strains have been isolated from various food products. As a result, the development of ultrasensitive sensing technology for detection and new approaches for the treatment of infectious bacterial pathogens ...
Kaptan Gulbanu - - 2010
We present a consumer-focused perspective on creating communications regarding potentially contaminated foods. It is illustrated with decisions that might have faced US consumers during the 2009 recalls of peanut and pistachio products. The example shows how knowledge about test results and regulatory processes might be made more useful to consumers.
Ravishankar Sadhana - - 2010
Cross contamination of foodborne pathogens from raw meats to ready-to-eat foods has caused a number of foodborne outbreaks. The cross contamination and transfer rates of Salmonella enterica from chicken to lettuce under various food-handling scenarios were determined. The following scenarios were tested: in scenario 1, cutting board and knife used ...
Upadhyay Bishnu Prasad - - 2010
Contamination of seafood with salmonellae is a major public health concern. Detection of Salmonella by standard culture methods is time consuming. In this study, an enrichment culture step prior to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was applied to detect 284 bp fragment of Salmonella invA in comparison with the conventional culture ...
Gormley F J - - 2010
Salmonella contamination of pooled raw shelled egg mix (RSEM) used as an ingredient in lightly cooked or uncooked foods and high-risk kitchen hygiene practices in United Kingdom food service establishments using RSEM were investigated. Samples were collected from 934 premises. Salmonella was found in 1 (0.13%) of 764 RSEM samples, ...
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