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Results 201 - 250 of 682
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Hein Ingeborg - - 2006
A real-time PCR assay using non-patented primers and a TaqMan probe for the detection and quantification of Salmonella spp. is presented. The assay is based on an internationally validated conventional PCR system, which was suggested as a standard method for the detection of Salmonella spp. in the FOOD-PCR project. The ...
Fletcher Daniel L - - 2006
Salmonella is a major pathogen associated with poultry food products. Over the past 20 years, pressure to reduce human illness from poultry-related salmonellosis has resulted in intensive research activity as well as stronger regulatory standards in Europe, North America, and, because of international trade policies, throughout the world. In the ...
Thompson Lisa - - 2006
Singlepath Salmonella is an immunochromatographic (lateral flow) assay for the presumptive qualitative detection of Salmonella spp. in food. The AOAC Performance-Tested Method study evaluated Singlepath Salmonella as an effective method for the detection of Salmonella spp. in the following selected foods: dried skimmed milk, black pepper, dried pet food, desiccated ...
Cliver Dean O - - 2006
Cutting boards are commonly perceived as important fomites in cross-contamination of foods with agents such as Salmonella spp., despite the lack of supporting epidemiological data. A variety of woods and plastics have been used to make work surfaces for cutting. In general, wood is said to dull knives less than ...
Strohmeyer Rachel A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bacterial and protozoal contamination of commercially available raw meat diets for dogs. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SAMPLE POPULATION: 240 samples from 20 raw meat diets for dogs (containing beef, lamb, chicken, or turkey), 24 samples from 2 dry dog foods, and 24 samples from 2 canned dog ...
Bansal N S - - 2006
We developed a rapid and reliable PCR assay with genus-specific primers for the detection of Salmonella in food samples. With these primers, no primer-specific amplicons were detected when challenged with cultures of microorganisms other than salmonellae, and positive results, i.e., Salmonella-specific bands, were obtained with pure cultures of all 125 ...
Kumar S - - 2006
AIMS: Development of a PCR assay that can target multiple genes for rapid detection of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) from water and food samples. METHODS AND RESULTS: PCR primers for invasion, O, H and Vi antigen genes, invA, prt, fliC-d and viaB were designed and used for the ...
Finley Rita - - 2006
Human salmonellosis occurs mainly as a result of handling or consuming contaminated food products, with a small percentage of cases being related to other, less well-defined exposures, such as contact with companion animals and natural pet treats. The increasing popularity of raw food diets for companion animals is another potential ...
Anderson Robin C - - 2006
An experimental chlorate product that targets the respiratory nitrate reductase enzyme of bacteria such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli has shown promising results in reducing concentrations of these bacteria in the gut of food animals. Because expression of the target enzyme is induced by nitrate, we administered short-duration, low level ...
Noël H - - 2006
Between August 2005 and March 2006 in France, 69 cases of Salmonella enterica serotype Manhattan (Salmonella Manhattan) were reported, 51 (74%) of them from southeastern France. At the time of the alert (November 2005), 13 cases and 33 controls were interviewed. Cases were more likely than controls to have eaten ...
McCrea B A - - 2006
The prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. was determined from live bird to prepackaged carcass for 3 flocks from each of 6 types of California niche-market poultry. Commodities sampled included squab, quail, guinea fowl, duck, poussin (young chicken), and free-range broiler chickens. Campylobacter on-farm prevalence was lowest for squab, followed ...
Baker Michael - - 2006
New Zealand's campylobacteriosis epidemic reached a new peak in May 2006 with the annualised national notification rate exceeding 400 per 100,000 for the first time, the highest national rate reported in the literature. The epidemic is estimated to cause at least 1 fatality a year, >800 hospitalisations, and >100,000 cases ...
Vij Vibha - - 2006
From 1980 to 2000, the annual per capita consumption of spices in the United States increased by 60% (from 1.0 to 1.6 kg per person per year). Although spices are known to harbor various molds, fungi, and bacteria, relatively few reports have documented this group of foods as the cause ...
Luber Petra - - 2006
Numerous outbreak investigations and case-control studies for campylobacteriosis have provided evidence that handling Campylobacter-contaminated chicken products is a risk factor for infection and illness. There is currently extremely limited quantitative data on the levels of Campylobacter cross-contamination in the kitchen, hindering risk assessments for the pathogen commodity combination of Campylobacter ...
Chamilos Georgios - - 2006
Zygomycetes are emerging opportunistic molds resistant to most conventional antifungals. We evaluated the in vitro activity of lovastatin (LOV), a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, against seven clinical isolates of Zygomycetes by using standard microdilution methods in three different media, disk diffusion testing, and viability dye staining. To further study the ...
Unicomb L E - - 2005
In November 2002, the first of three outbreaks of Salmonella Montevideo infection in Australia and New Zealand was identified in New South Wales, Australia. Affected persons were interviewed, and epidemiologically linked retail outlets inspected. Imported tahini was rapidly identified as the source of infection. The contaminated tahini was recalled and ...
DiPersio Patricia A - - 2005
Recommended drying treatments may not enhance destruction of pathogens that could be present on home-dried foods. In this study, the effects of traditional and modified treatments on Salmonella were evaluated during preparation, home-type dehydration (60 degrees C for 6 h), and storage of potato slices. Potato slices inoculated with five ...
Nielsen E M - - 2006
The subtypes of Campylobacter isolates from human infections in two Danish counties were compared to isolates from retail food samples and faecal samples from chickens, pigs and cattle. During a 1-year period, 1285 Campylobacter isolates from these sources were typed by two methods: 'Penner' heat-stable serotyping and automated ribotyping (RiboPrinting). ...
Liu Yi-Ping - - 2006
Domestic chickens have long been important to human societies for food, religion, entertainment, and decorative uses, yet the origins and phylogeography of chickens through Eurasia remain uncertain. Here, we assessed their origins and phylogeographic history by analyzing the mitochondrial DNA hypervariable segment I (HVS-I) for 834 domestic chickens (Gallus gallus ...
Fanatico A C - - 2005
Consumer interest in organic and natural poultry products raised with outdoor access is growing. An experiment was conducted to assess the effects of outdoor access and genotype on meat quality. One slow-growing genotype (S), 2 medium-growing genotypes (M1 and M2), and a commercial fast-growing genotype (F) were raised (straight-run) for ...
Ghafir Yasmine - - 2005
From 1997 to 1999, the prevalence of Salmonella was assessed at different stages through the pork, poultry, and beef meat production chains. Different dilutions of the initial sample suspension were analyzed to provide a semiquantitative evaluation of Salmonella contamination and to determine the most representative dilution necessary to detect a ...
Hofshagen Merete - - 2005
An action plan against thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in Norwegian broilers was implemented in May 2001. The action plan consists of three parts: a surveillance program including all Norwegian broiler flocks slaughtered before 50 days of age, a follow-up advisory service on farms delivering flocks positive for Campylobacter spp., and surveys ...
Chen Te-Li - - 2005
Salmonella enterica serotype Panama is capable of causing severe infection in children and is often transmitted via contaminated food. Here, we present the first documented case of serotype Panama infection that was acquired through the consumption of contaminated breast milk. The mother excreted the organism asymptomatically for at least 2 ...
Miller Gay Y - - 2005
Salmonellosis in humans is a costly disease traditionally assumed to be associated with exposure to contaminated food. We have developed a farm-to-fork model that allows estimation of the human health costs and risks associated with Salmonella in pork. This analysis focuses on the stages of the pork production chain up ...
Mellefont L A - - 2005
Generally, relative lag times (RLT; lag time divided by generation time) become extended as conditions become less favourable for growth. Mellefont et al. (2003, 2004) [Mellefont, L.A., McMeekin, T.A., Ross, T., 2003. The effect of abrupt osmotic shifts on the lag phase duration of foodborne bacteria. Int. J. Food Microbiol. ...
Lehner A - - 2005
Arcobacter species are Gram-negative spiral-shaped organisms belonging to the family Campylobacteraceae that can grow microaerobically or aerobically. The Arcobacter organisms also have the ability to grow at 15 degrees C, which is a distinctive feature that differentiates Arcobacter species from Campylobacter species. Cultural detection of Arcobacter is generally performed by ...
Terlouw E M C - - 2005
The present study was designed to determine whether reactivity toward humans can be used to predict a pig's reactivity to the slaughter procedure as measured by postmortem muscle metabolism. Forty-two pigs were group-reared in six pens with straw-bedding. Pigs received regular positive (HI) or mildly negative (RC) handling training in ...
Natto Suzan - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To explore the subgingival periodontal microflora in a Saudi Arabian population with a special focus on its relationship with various smoking habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 198 individuals in the age range 17-60 years were included in the study. 29% were water-pipe smokers, 18% cigarette smokers, 13% ...
Wang Teresa K F - - 2005
Non-typhoidal Salmonella infections are increasingly being encountered. Recurrent systemic salmonellosis has previously been reported in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. However, recurrent salmonella bacteraemia by different species of salmonella has rarely been described. We report a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus having Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium infections after ingesting ...
Anderson R C - - 2005
Foodborne diseases caused by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, Salmonella, and Campylobacter species are of public health and economic significance. Shedding of these pathogens during production and slaughter are risks for contamination of products for human consumption. Consequently, strategies are sought to prevent or reduce the carriage of these pathogens in food ...
Warren B R - - 2005
Isolation of Shigella spp. from food is difficult because of a lack of appropriate selective media and the presence of low numbers of shigellae relative to competitive microorganisms. Chromogenic Shigella spp. plating medium (CSPM) was evaluated for use with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) enrichment ...
Bourassa D V - - 2005
Trisodium phosphate (TSP) has been reported to decrease the recovery of salmonellae from processed poultry carcasses. It has been suggested that the high pH and detergent-like properties of TSP solutions are responsible for the reduction in salmonellae recovery. This project was conducted to determine if controlling pH during salmonellae pre-enrichment ...
Burgess F - - 2005
During September and October 2002, 3,662 prepackaged raw meat samples were collected to evaluate the extent and nature of microbiological contamination on external surfaces of the packaging, which could potentially cross-contaminate ready-to-eat foods during and after purchase. Salmonella was detected on two (<1%) samples of external packaging (both from raw ...
Yucel Sengun Ilkin - - 2005
Experiments were done with fresh lemon juice, vinegar and their mixture (1:1) to evaluate their efficacy in reducing the numbers of Salmonella typhimurium on fresh salad vegetables. Fresh whole rocket leaves and shredded spring onion samples were inoculated with S. typhimurium suspensions to provide initial populations of approximately 6 and ...
Elson R - - 2005
This study was prompted by epidemiological investigations of the unusual number of Salmonella Enteritidis outbreaks associated with the use of eggs in catering premises in England and Wales during 2002. The aims of the study, performed between April and May 2003, were to establish the rate of Salmonella contamination in ...
Chiu Tasi-Hsin - - 2005
DNA sequences of an internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region for 40 Salmonella serovars were determined and compared with ITS sequences of Salmonella spp., and non-Salmonella spp. already available on the GenBank database. From such comparison, two Salmonella-specific ITS based PCR primers, ITSF and ITSR, were designed. When Salmonella strains with ...
Sasikumar C - - 2005
A study was made on the sources and spread of Salmonella spp at Namakkal District, Tamilnadu, to ascertain positive carriers of the pathogen. Of the 150 samples collected from varied sources, food handlers significantly contributed to the spread of S. typhi, S. paratyphi A and B, the presence of which ...
Liao C-H - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the resuscitation of acid-injured Salmonella enterica in selected enrichment broths, in apple juice and on cut surfaces of apple and cucumber slices. METHODS AND RESULTS: Following exposure to 2.4% acetic acid for 7 min, S. enterica (serovars Mbandaka, Chester and Newport) cells were used to inoculate enrichment ...
Oh S-W - - 2005
AIMS: As a preliminary experiment on new sanitizer delivery tools, the efficacy of aerosolized sanitizer on food-borne pathogens was investigated in larger model chamber system. METHODS: Peroxyacetic acid and hydrogen peroxide were aerosolized in a model system against artificially inoculated target micro-organisms on laboratory media. Cultures of four different food-borne ...
Smith D R - - 2005
Salmonella spp. are important zoonotic pathogens, and cattle can serve as an important source of this organism for human exposure through food. This study was designed to describe and explain the occurrence of Salmonella spp. by pen-level factors of time and place using a pen-level test-method previously validated for E. ...
Cools I - - 2005
AIMS: The objectives of the study were to determine the spread and persistence of Campylobacter in a poultry processing plant and to provide a quantitative estimate of the survival of Campylobacter jejuni on the surface of a cutting board. METHODS AND RESULTS: Several contact surfaces in a poultry processing plant ...
Hansson I - - 2005
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Campylobacter-contaminated transport crates and to determine whether contaminated crates represent a risk for contamination of chickens during transport to slaughter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples were collected from cleaned transport crates before they were dispatched to the farms. Chicken groups were sampled within 24 h ...
Naravaneni Rambabu - - 2005
Traditional methods of identification of food-borne pathogens, which cause disease in humans, are time-consuming and laborious, so there is a need for the development of innovative methods for the rapid identification of food-borne pathogens. Recent advances in molecular cloning and recombinant DNA techniques have revolutionized the detection of pathogens in ...
Vaeteewootacharn Kriangsak - - 2005
Non-typhoidal salmonellosis is a major cause of food-borne illness in Thailand. Specific serotyping of Salmonellae, linked with certain foods, can be used to identify outbreaks, transmission, and for surveillance. We aimed to identify the chain of non-typhoidal Salmonella transmission from food to humans in five slums, two open markets, four ...
Sauli I - - 2005
Contaminated feed is a source of infection with Salmonella for livestock, including pigs. Because pigs rarely show clinical signs of salmonellosis, undetected carriers can enter the food production chain. In a "Farm to Fork" food safety concept, safe feed is the first step for ensuring safe food. Heat treatment or ...
Leuschner Renata G K - - 2004
Nineteen laboratories participated in a collaborative study to evaluate the performance of validation samples consisting of powdered infant formula and cereal-based weaning food artificially contaminated with low levels of Salmonella anatum. The Standard method BS EN ISO 6579:2002 was to be followed for the trial. Salmonella counts in each baby ...
Pöschl Michael - - 2004
The influence of Bifezh (a hexacyanoferrate compound as veterinary feed additive) on the transfer of (137)Cs to meat was investigated in broiler chickens after application of an artificially contaminated feed mixture. The reduction factors reached 2.23 and 8.46 for single and multiple (137)Cs administration, respectively. The elimination rate of (137)Cs ...
Estrada-Garcia T - - 2004
Street-vendors in Mexico City provide ready-to-eat food to a high proportion of the inhabitants. Nevertheless, their microbiological status, general hygienic and trading practices are not well known. During spring and summer 2000, five tianguis (open markets) were visited and 48 vendors in 48 stalls interviewed. A total of 103 taco ...
McReynolds J L - - 2004
Previous reports have shown that some bacteria, including Salmonella, use a dissimilatory nitrate reductase enzyme pathway (NREP) in anaerobic environments. This enzyme reduces nitrate to nitrite and has been shown to cometabolize chlorate to cytotoxic chlorite. The present investigations were performed to evaluate the susceptibility of a competitive exclusion culture ...
Vollaard A M - - 2004
In a previous risk factor study in Jakarta we identified purchasing street food as an independent risk factor for paratyphoid. Eating from restaurants, however, was not associated with disease. To explain these findings we compared 128 street food-vendors with 74 food handlers from restaurants in a cross-sectional study in the ...
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