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Results 151 - 200 of 684
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Meldrum Richard J - - 2007
The United Kingdom Food Standards Agency commissioned a survey of Salmonella and Campylobacter in raw, whole chickens at retail in Wales and Northern Ireland between March and December 2005 to measure the baseline prevalence rates of these two significant pathogens. In total, 877 retail samples were examined for Campylobacter and ...
Cheung P-Y - - 2007
AIMS: To compare the BAX system, the Tecra Unique Salmonella test, and a conventional culture method for the detection of Salmonella in various foods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ready-to-eat and raw foods were inoculated with Salmonella serotype Typhimurium, Salmonella serotype Enteritidis, Salmonella serotype Typhi, or Salmonella serotype Derby. Incubated pre-enrichment cultures ...
Biksi I - - 2007
The aim of this study was to obtain prevalence estimates about the most important enteropathogenic bacteria: Lawsonia intracellularis, Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Brachyspira pilosicoli, Salmonella enterica and Clostridium perfringens A and C in Hungarian farrow-to-finish pig herds. A total of 31 herds were selected, from where six pooled faecal samples, each containing ...
Kim Aeran - - 2007
Controlling Salmonella in integrated broiler operation is complicated because there are numerous potential sources of Salmonella contamination, including chicks, feed, rodents, wild poultry operations, and the processing plant. The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution of Salmonella through all phases of two integrated broiler operations and to ...
Varela Norma P - - 2007
This study aimed to establish the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in 80 Ontario grower-finisher pig herds. Ninety-nine percent of the isolates yielded Campylobacter, C coli being the most common species detected. Control of this microorganism must rely on careful food processing and storage of pork, rather than on an on-farm ...
Alles Susan - - 2007
New enrichment protocols are described for use with a DNA hybridization (DNAH) method for detection of Salmonella spp. in select foods. GeneQuence Salmonella, in its original version, utilized a 3-stage enrichment of minimum 42 h duration. New 2-stage procedures of 24-28 h duration are described for raw poultry, raw beef, ...
Mozola Mark A - - 2007
A multilaboratory study was conducted to compare performance of the GeneQuence DNA hybridization (DNAH) method incorporating new 24 h enrichment protocols and reference culture procedures for detection of Salmonella spp. in select foods. Six food types (raw ground turkey, raw ground beef, dried whole egg, milk chocolate, walnuts, and dry ...
Bohaychuk V M - - 2007
Conventional culture methods have traditionally been considered the "gold standards" for the isolation and identification of foodborne pathogens. However, culture methods are labor-intensive and time-consuming. We have developed a real-time PCR assay for the detection of Salmonella in a variety of food and food-animal matrices. The real-time PCR assay incorporates ...
Albarnaz Jonas D - - 2007
Shellfish can bioaccumulate in their tissues pathogenic contaminants present in water and they have been related with several outbreaks of food-borne diseases worldwide. With their increased population in urban areas, gulls have been reported as an important source of water environment contamination. During a 10-month period, water, gulls feces and ...
Dawson P - - 2007
AIMS: Three experiments were conducted to determine the survival and transfer of Salmonella Typhimurium from wood, tile or carpet to bologna (sausage) and bread. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experiment 1. After 28 days, 1.5 to 2.5 log(10) CFU cm(-2) remained on tile from and the more concentrated media facilitated the survival ...
Murakami Koichi - - 2007
Salmonella were isolated from 106 (0.032%) of 331,644 fecal samples from food handlers, and from 144 of 11,478 fecal samples from symptomatic patients in Japan to determine the incidence and features of Salmonella serovars among food handlers. S. enterica subspecies enterica serovar Infantis (S. serovar Infantis) was the dominant serovar ...
Van Driessche E - - 2007
Both Campylobacter and Arcobacter are commonly present on broiler carcasses. For Campylobacter, the superficial contamination originates predominantly from fecal contamination during slaughter. In contrast with Campylobacter, the source of the Arcobacter contamination is not clear. In several studies, arcobacters have been isolated in poultry processing plants from the carcasses and ...
D'Aoust J Y - - 2007
The present study compared the sensitivity of the BAX automated fluorometric and the recently discontinued BAX gel electrophoresis systems with a standard culture method to detect Salmonella in 333 high-moisture and 171 low-moisture foods. A total of 95 naturally contaminated foods, including 63 high-moisture and 32 low-moisture foods, were detected ...
Zhang Guodong - - 2007
During May and June of 2005, 26 persons in several states were infected by a single strain (isolates indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium after eating cake batter ice cream. The cake mix used to prepare the cake batter in the ice cream was implicated by ...
Cervenka Libor - - 2007
Arcobacter spp. has been isolated from food of animal origin (particularly meats) and from various kind of water. Despite its phylogenetically related neighbor Campylobacter, Arcobacter is regarded as an emerging foodborne pathogen. Since Arcobacter differs in its phenotypic characteristics, the physical and chemical treatments designed for elimination of campylobacters from ...
Andersen Michelle M E - - 2007
The prevalence of Arcobacter in live market weight turkeys was determined for six Midwestern commercial flocks at three intervals. Samples (n = 987) were collected from cloaca, feathers, ceca, crop, drinkers and environmental samples on farms and from carcasses at slaughter. Initially, EMJH-P80 and CVA isolated Arcobacter from 7.1% (40 ...
Pintar Katarina - - 2007
Active monitoring of pathogens on retail foods has been recommended and implemented in a number of developed countries. Because only a portion of retail food is contaminated with pathogens, a cost-effective and informative surveillance program at the retail level often involves a two-stage approach of initial presence-absence analysis and subsequent ...
Humphrey Tom - - 2007
Campylobacters remain highly important zoonotic pathogens worldwide which infect an estimated 1% of the population of Western Europe each year. Certain campylobacters are also important in infections of animals, particularly of the reproductive tract, and some are involved in periodontal disease. This paper focuses, however, on the two species which ...
Kobilinsky A - - 2007
Through the use of a sequence of fractional factorial designs, the growth inhibition of Salmonella typhimurium by many natural antimicrobial compounds is studied and modeled. Two very important predictive variables are an appropriately weighted total of organic acid concentrations on the one hand, and of aromatic compound concentrations on the ...
Tsuei An-Chi - - 2007
Vegetable samples were tested for the presence of coliphages. None of the 55 samples contained these phages at concentrations greater than 10 g(-1) (the limit of detection). Spiking and recovery experiments indicated that the method was efficient at detecting coliphage T4 added to the food, and so it was concluded ...
Boysen Louise - - 2007
Campylobacter jejuni in fresh chilled chicken meat is known to be a major risk factor for human gastrointestinal disease. In the present study, the survival under chilled conditions of different C. jejuni strains exposed to different gas mixtures usually used for gas packaging of food was examined. Bolton broth and ...
Hald Tine - - 2007
Based on the Danish Salmonella surveillance in 2000-2001, we developed a mathematical model for quantifying the contribution of each major animal-food sources to human salmonellosis caused by antimicrobial resistant bacteria. Domestic food products accounted for 53.1% of all cases, mainly caused by table eggs (37.6%). A large proportion (19%) of ...
Boughton Claire - - 2007
One of the initial sources of Salmonella spp. and other bacterial pathogens at the abattoir is the carrier pig. In the absence of effective cleaning and disinfection measures, such animals may contaminate the lairage environment, which may act as a significant source of infection for incoming non-infected animals. The objectives ...
Vindigni Stephen M - - 2007
Worldwide, foodborne illness is often associated with consumption of meats and poultry products sold at retail markets. A cross-sectional retail food study was conducted in Bangkok, Thailand to assess the prevalence of bacterial pathogens on retail food samples. Raw chicken, beef, pork, and chicken eggs were purchased from fresh markets ...
Veer P - - 2007
A mycological study of onychomycosis was undertaken in 88 patients. The nails were judged to be infected by their clinical appearance. Direct microscopy of the nail clips in 20% KOH solution was positive in 72 (81.8%) and culture was positive in 43 (48.8%) cases. Out of the samples cultured, dermatophytes ...
Schmid Daniela - - 2007
An outbreak of gastroenteritis due to Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 4 occurred in people who attended a traditional hunting festivity in a small village in western Austria 6 through 11 November 2005. Of approximately 250 attendees, 227 had consumed dishes offered at the festival, and of these consumers 35 persons ...
Finley Rita - - 2007
Twenty-eight research dogs were enrolled to determine the prevalence of salmonellae shedding after consumption of 1 Salmonella-contaminated commercial raw food diet meal. Sixteen dogs were exposed to Salmonella-contaminated commercial raw food diets and 12 to Salmonella-free commercial raw food diets. Seven of the exposed dogs shed salmonellae 1-7 days after ...
Vereen Ethell E - - 2007
Campylobacter is the leading cause of bacterium-associated diarrhea in the United States and most developed countries. While this disease is considered a food-borne disease, many clinical cases cannot be linked to a food source. In rural and agrarian areas environmental transmission may be an important factor contributing to case loads. ...
Soncini G - - 2006
A total of 103 pooled samples of neck skin and meat from pigeons for the table and neck skin of pheasant were analyzed bacteriologically to determine the presence of Campylobacter. Colonies suspected of being Campylobacter were grown from 15.8% of pigeon neck skin samples, 12.5% of pigeon meat samples, and ...
Debretsion Aradom - - 2007
Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is the leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis in the United States. Detection of Campylobacter in food samples by conventional culture is cumbersome; therefore, there is a need to develop rapid and cost-effective detection and quantification methods. Eighty-four whole chicken rinses were collected at different stages of ...
Antunes P - - 2006
Recent observations in Portugal of a remarkable incidence (65%) of Salmonella isolates from several sources (predominantly human and poultry) with decreased susceptibility to nitrofurantoin (MIC > or =64 mg/L), mostly comprising serogroup D isolates of Salmonella Enteritidis belonging to different phage types, suggest that illegal use of nitrofurans, especially in ...
Naugle Alecia Larew - - 2006
The U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) tests sets of samples of selected raw meat and poultry products for Salmonella to ensure that federally inspected establishments meet performance standards defined in the pathogen reduction-hazard analysis and critical control point system (PR-HACCP) final rule. In the present report, sample set ...
Castillo A - - 2006
A survey of the presence of Salmonella and Shigella in freshly squeezed orange juice and related samples was conducted in Guadalajara, Mexico. One hundred samples of freshly squeezed orange juice were collected from 49 street booths and 51 small food service establishments. In addition, 75 fresh orange samples, each consisting ...
Eblen Denise R - - 2006
The U.S. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) pathogen reduction-hazard analysis critical control point systems final rule, published in 1996, established Salmonella performance standards for broiler chicken, cow and bull, market hog, and steer and heifer carcasses and for ground beef, chicken, and turkey meat. In 1998, the FSIS began ...
Shachar Dina - - 2006
Recent large foodborne outbreaks caused by Salmonella enterica serovars have been associated with consumption of foods with high fat content and reduced water activity, even though their ingredients usually undergo pasteurization. The present study was focused on the heat tolerance of Salmonella enterica serovars Agona, Enteritidis, and Typhimurium in peanut ...
Ha Thi Anh Dao - - 2006
This study on the contamination rates of raw foods available in factory, school, and hospital canteens in Hanoi, Vietnam, with the bacteria of Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Escherichia coli (E. coli) was carried out between 2003 and 2004. A total of 177 raw food samples of vegetables, meat (beef and pork), ...
Maharjan Mahendra - - 2006
A cross-sectional study of raw meat samples from the local meat market of Kathmandu Metropolitan City was carried out during September 2002 to May 2003 with special emphasis on isolation and identification of Salmonella bacteria. A total of 123 raw meat samples (55 chicken, 37 buffalo, and 31 goat) were ...
Alter T - - 2006
In many temperate countries Campylobacter spp. are the most common bacterial causes of human infectious intestinal disease. Yet the aetiology of this infection has only partly been described. A majority of human campylobacteriosis cases are associated with food of animal origin. Despite being very sensitive to environmental stressors Campylobacter spp. ...
Luu Quynh Huong - - 2006
Infection with Salmonella (S.) is the most frequently reported cause of bacterial food-borne illness worldwide. Poultry are a common source and, in recent years, much attention has been focused in determining the prevalence of Salmonella during the different stages in the poultry production chain. This article was designed to investigate ...
Templeton Jillian M - - 2006
Campylobacter infection is the most frequently reported notifiable food-borne disease in humans in Australia. Our studies investigated the persistence of Campylobacter spp. in or on darkling beetles (Alphitobius diaperinus) and their larvae. Our results in analyses with chickens confirm that, unless very short turnaround times are used (<72 h), beetles ...
Bartkowiak-Higgo A J - - 2006
To assess post-evisceration contamination of broiler carcasses, 300 samples were randomly selected during routine slaughter in the winter of 2004. The samples originated from 50 chicken carcasses, taken directly after evisceration, as well as 25 samples from ready-to-sell packages of fresh intestines (mala) and livers. The samples were taken in ...
Callaway T R - - 2006
"Segregated early weaning" (SEW) of pigs reduces exposure to pathogenic bacteria, but upon arrival at grower facilities pigs may be co-mingled regardless of farm of origin. The present study was designed to examine the effect of mixing (social) stress on populations of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium in SEW pigs. Piglets (7 ...
Schotte Ulrich - - 2007
A large outbreak of canine salmonellosis in military watch dogs due to Salmonella Montevideo and/or Salmonella Give was only recognized through a monitoring program, implemented by the military forces. In 51 out of 80 exposed dogs (63.8%) from four kennels Salmonella was isolated from fecal samples. The prevalence per sampling ...
Hussain Iftikhar - - 2007
A surveillance study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter in meat, milk and other food commodities in Pakistan. Over a period of 3 years (January 2002-December 2004), a total of 1636 food samples of meat, milk and other food commodities were procured from three big cities of ...
Jozwiak A - - 2006
The reported number of human enteric diseases caused by thermotolerant campylobacters increased in the last few decades worldwide. The microorganism gets into the food chain mostly with poultry meat or meat products. We are not aware of the way the campylobacters infect the broiler flocks, and there is little information ...
Jordan E - - 2006
The food industry, under the regulation of the Department of Agriculture and Food (DAF) in the Republic of Ireland, is required to undertake all microbiological testing in relation to zoonoses control, in laboratories approved by DAF. These laboratories submit a monthly report of all tests undertaken, together with all presumptive ...
Hall Jean A - - 2006
The study objective was to determine the effects of feeding food enriched in antioxidants and a program of environmental/cognitive enrichment on selected ex vivo assays of inflammatory and immune cells in healthy geriatric Beagle dogs (n=21). Four groups of dogs were tested using a 2 x 2 factorial design. The ...
Espinoza-Medina I E - - 2006
Salmonella is one of the most frequently reported etiological agents in outbreaks of foodborne diseases associated with the consumption of cantaloupes. Sensitive and reliable methods for detecting and identifying foodborne microorganisms are needed. The PCR can be used to amplify specific DNA fragments and thus to detect and identify pathogenic ...
Prévost K - - 2006
Salmonella is one of the major sources of toxi-infection in humans. Incidences of human salmonellosis have greatly increased over the past 20 years and this can largely be attributed to epidemics of Salmonella enteritidis phage type 4 within poultry. The main concern with this bacterium is the existence of silent ...
Murphy C - - 2006
Campylobacter spp. continue to be the greatest cause of bacterial gastrointestinal infections in humans worldwide. They encounter many stresses in the host intestinal tract, on foods and in the environment. However, in common with other enteric bacteria, they have developed survival mechanisms to overcome these stresses. Many of the survival ...
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