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Thomas R R 1] The Primrose Research Unit, Bedford Hospital, Bedford, UK [2] Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke's Cambridge University NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK [3] Department of Postgraduate Medicine, Cranfield University, Cranfield, - - 2014
Background:Polyphenol-rich foods such as pomegranate, green tea, broccoli and turmeric have demonstrated anti-neoplastic effects in laboratory models involving angiogenesis, apoptosis and proliferation. Although some have been investigated in small, phase II studies, this combination has never been evaluated within an adequately powered randomised controlled trial.Methods:In total, 199 men, average age ...
Maceira Jorge J Pérez JJ Laboratorio de Fisiología Animal (Instituto de Acuicultura), Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, - - 2013
It is known that in fish the serotonergic system is part of the neural network that controls feeding and that a pharmacologically induced increase in brain 5-HT inhibits food intake. However, nothing is known about the 5-HT receptors involved in this inhibitory effect. In this study, we investigated the effects ...
Gu Junnan - - 2013
Our team is designing and fully characterizing black raspberries (BRB) food products suitable for long-term cancer prevention studies. The processing, scale up and storage effect on the consistency, quality, bioactive stability and sensory acceptability of two BRB delivery systems of varying matrices is presented. BRB dosage, pH, water activity and ...
Wang Sunan S 1 Canadian Food and Wine Institute , Niagara College, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada - - 2013
Abstract Combining different foods may produce additive, synergistic, or antagonistic interactions that may modify certain physiological effects (i.e., anticancer properties). For investigating these interactions and potential synergetic combinations, thirteen foods from three categories, including fruits (raspberries, blackberries, apples, grapes), vegetables (broccoli, tomatoes, mushrooms, purple cauliflowers, onions), and legumes (soy beans, ...
Fungfuang Wirasak - - 2013
The integration of metabolism and reproduction involves complex interactions of hypothalamic neuropeptides with metabolic hormones, fuels, and sex steroids. Of these, estrogen influences food intake, body weight, and the accumulation and distribution of adipose tissue. In this study, the effects of estrogen on food intake, serum leptin levels, and leptin ...
Almeida Ana Isabel - - 2013
Cancer aetiology is multifactorial; risk factors comprise obesity, central adiposity, physical inactivity and excessive/ deficient intake of foods and/or nutrients with procarcinogenic/ protective effects. We aim to analyze the pattern of nutritional status, food intake and physical activity in a cohort of cancer patients. This pilot crosssectional study was conducted ...
Herati Amin S - - 2013
To better elucidate the prevalence of perceived food sensitivity and characterize the sensitivity pattern in patients with clinically diagnosed chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. A total of 286 men meeting the National Institutes of Health criteria for chronic prostatitis were mailed a validated questionnaire designed to detect the effect of ...
Mourouti Niki - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in female worldwide and occurs as an interaction of genes and diet. As regards diet numerous studies all over the world have associated the disease with many foods and nutrients including soy and its compounds. Soy food and soy products are rich ...
Vullioud Philippe - - 2013
Discussions about social behavior are generally limited to fitness effects of interactions occurring between conspecifics. However, many fitness relevant interactions take place between individuals belonging to different species. Our detailed knowledge about the role of hormones in intraspecific interactions provides a starting point to investigate how far interspecific interactions are ...
Jackson Maria - - 2013
Studies of diet and prostate cancer have focused primarily on food and nutrients; however, dietary patterns examine the overall diet, particularly foods eaten in combination, and risk of disease. We evaluated the association of dietary patterns and prostate cancer and low- and high-grade subgroups in Jamaican men. In a case-control ...
Stott-Miller Marni - - 2013
Evidence suggests that high-heat cooking methods may increase the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). The addition of oil/fat, as in deep-frying, may be of particular concern, and has not specifically been investigated in relation to PCa. Potential mechanisms include the formation of potentially carcinogenic agents such as aldehydes, acrolein, heterocyclic ...
Clarke Don B - - 2013
The scientific literature contains evidence suggesting that women who have been treated for breast cancer may, as a result of their diagnosis, increase their phyto-oestrogen (PE) intake. In the present paper, we describe the creation of a dietary analysis database (based on Dietplan6) for the determination of dietary intakes of ...
Chi Feng - - 2013
Background and Objectives: Data on associations between soy food intake after cancer diagnosis with breast cancer survival are conflicting, so we conducted this meta-analysis for more accurate evaluation. Methods: Comprehensive searches were conducted to find cohort studies of the relationship between soy food intake after cancer diagnosis and breast cancer ...
Tang Li - - 2013
Background: The north-western region of China has a high incidence of oesophageal cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether the intake of food and beverage at high temperature is associated with the risk of oesophageal cancer among adults residing in this remote part of China. Materials and Methods: A case-control ...
Santollo Jessica J Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State Unioversity of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, - - 2013
Estradiol (E2) decreases food and water intake in a variety of species, including rats. Available evidence suggests that this is mediated by genomic mechanisms that are most often attributed to nuclear estrogen receptors. More recent studies indicate that membrane-associated estrogen receptors (mERs) also can influence gene expression through the activation ...
Clegg Deborah J DJ University of Texas Southwestern, Touchstone Diabetes Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA. - - 2012
Gonadal steroids are critical regulators of physiology, yet we approach physiology and science with the simplest perspective/model, the male one. Female models of whole animal physiology are complex to study and, therefore, are often not used in research. Estrogens are one of the sex hormones that we know are important ...
Cambero María I - - 2012
Abstract To optimize the sanitation treatment of ready-to-eat (RTE) intermediate-moisture foods (IMF), the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (CIP 103575), L. innocua (NTC 11288), Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (CECT 443), and Escherichia coli O157:H7 (CECT 4972) following treatment with electron-beam irradiation has been studied. As food matrixes, three RTE ...
Reding Kerryn W - - 2012
Urinary concentrations of 2:16-hydroxyestrone (2:16-OHE1) approximate concentrations of 2-OHE1 and 16α -OHE1 in breast tissue. As estrogens are purported to be involved in breast cancer development, the 2:16-OHE1 ratio can provide an indication of estrogen metabolite exposure in the breast. With prior studies observing associations between urinary estrogen metabolites and ...
Nadeau Kari C - - 2012
One of the most promising therapies for food allergy is oral immunotherapy (OIT), in which small amounts of allergen are administered in increasing amounts, with the immediate goal of desensitization and the long-term goal of tolerance. However, safety and standardization concerns prevent its widespread use, and a subgroup of patients ...
Masilamani Madhan M Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, The Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Anbg 17-40, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, - - 2012
Food allergy is an emerging epidemic in the United States and the Western world. The determination of factors that make certain foods allergenic is still not clearly understood. Only a tiny fraction of thousands of proteins and other molecules is responsible for inducing food allergy. In this review, the authors ...
Costa Joana - - 2012
Almond (Prunus dulcis) has been widely used in all sorts of food products (bakery, pastry, snacks) mostly due to its pleasant flavor and to its health benefits. However, it is also classified as a potential allergenic seed known to be responsible for triggering several mild to life-threatening immune reactions in ...
Brown S D - - 2012
This study was conducted to examine whether disliked foods can act as contaminants to liked foods during infancy. Participants (aged 18-25months, N=18) were offered a liked food that was touching a disliked food, on the same plate. Their response to this liked food was compared to the infants' response to ...
Flokstra-de Blok B M J - - 2012
Food allergy has become an emerging health problem in Western societies. Although food allergy is characterized by a relatively low mortality and an almost continual absence of physical symptoms, food allergic patients are continually confronted with the possibility of potentially severe reactions and the necessity of dietary vigilance. Health-related quality ...
Treudler Regina - - 2012
Component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) have become of growing importance in clinical investigation of IgE-mediated allergies. This review updates the current use of CRD in respiratory allergies (e. g. to pollen, animal dander, mites, latex), as well as in allergies to hymenoptera venom or in food allergies to plants (e. g. Bet ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2012
This review highlights some of the research advances in anaphylaxis; hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects; and allergic skin diseases that were reported in the Journal in 2011. Food allergy appears to be increasing in prevalence and carries a strong economic burden. Risk factors can include dietary ones, such ...
Joneja Janice M - - 2012
For many years, the prevailing maxim for prevention of food allergy in at-risk infants was to reduce allergic sensitization by avoiding exposure to highly allergenic foods until the baby's immune and digestive systems were sufficiently developed to cope with the allergen. Current thinking is completely different: exposure to food in ...
Mousallem T - - 2012
There is no approved therapy for food allergy. The current standard of care is elimination of the triggering food from the diet and accessibility to epinephrine. Immunotherapy is a promising treatment approach. While desensitization to most foods seems feasible, it remains unclear if a permanent state of tolerance is achievable. ...
Taut Diana - - 2012
Research investigating the role of maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) on food intake has exclusively focused on food intake in a forced consumption situation. In contrast, the present study examined the effect of negative emotions (fear, negative affect) and ER strategies (suppression, reappraisal) on food intake in a non-forced, free eating ...
van den Berg Marten E - - 2011
Background: While genetic factors are known to be important in the development of sensitization to foods, it is not known whether they also play a role in clinical allergic reactivity to foods. Objective: We aimed to determine whether parental atopic diseases are associated with a higher risk of a reaction ...
Rajavelu Priya - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a recently recognized inflammatory disorder driven by food hypersensitivity; however, the specific foods and mechanisms involved are unclear. In patients with EoE, we have found that hypersensitivities to corn and peanuts are the most common. Accordingly, we sensitized and exposed mice either intranasally or intragastrically with ...
Cucu Tatiana - - 2011
Soybean (Glycine max) is extensively used all over the world due to its nutritional qualities. However, soybean is included in the "big eight" list of food allergens. According to the EU directive 2007/68/EC, food products containing soybeans have to be labeled in order to protect the allergic consumers. Nevertheless, soybeans ...
McBride D - - 2011
To cite this article: McBride D, Keil T, Grabenhenrich L, Dubakiene R, Drasutiene G, Fiocchi A, Dahdah L, Sprikkelman AB, Schoemaker AA, Roberts G, Grimshaw K, Kowalski ML, Stanczyk-Przyluska A, Sigurdardottir S, Clausen M, Papadopoulos NG, Mitsias D, Rosenfeld L, Reche M, Pascual C, Reich A, Hourihane J, Wahn U, ...
Konstantinou George N - - 2012
Heat treatment of several foods, including all types of cooking, has been mainly used to minimize the number of viable microbes, reduce pathogenicity, and destroy the undesirable enzymes, maintaining food quality. In addition, food processing improves sensory, nutritional, and physical properties of the foods, due to food protein denaturation. Heat-induced ...
Järvinen Kirsi M - - 2012
Prevention of food allergies by maternal and infant feeding practices serves as a simple, inexpensive approach to address the growing number of subjects with food allergies in comparison with any emerging interventional therapies for existing food allergies, such as oral immunotherapy. This article provides a careful evaluation of the rationale ...
Alessandri C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Egg allergy is a very common finding in early childhood. Detecting hen's egg (HE) allergy outgrowing and reintroduction of food containing egg is a task for the allergist. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the suitability of boiled egg food challenge compared with IgE to allergenic molecules from HE white ...
Hays Tiffani - - 2011
When caring for patients with severe, multiple food allergies, special considerations are necessary for achieving the best quality of care. The most important consideration is to confirm all food allergies so that the patient does not unnecessarily restrict foods. Retest or challenge any foods with a questionable diagnosis. Second, because ...
Allen Katrina J - - 2012
The rise in food allergy prevalence in developed countries is evident from anecdotal reports but has been difficult to document and until recently good quality prevalence data were lacking. Although most emerging risk factors seem related to the "modern lifestyle" the reasons for the rise in food allergy prevalence remain ...
Berin M Cecilia - - 2012
The default response of the mucosal immune system to antigens derived from food is one of active immune tolerance carried out by regulatory T cells and induced by dendritic cells residing in the intestinal mucosa. This tolerance response must be inhibited or bypassed to generate allergic sensitization in experimental food ...
Robinson Joanne M - - 2011
School nurses play a key role in managing students with food allergies. It is becoming more common to encounter students with severe allergies to multiple foods, putting them at risk for anaphylaxis. It is essential that the school nurse have a clear understanding of food allergies and how to effectively ...
Peters Rachel L - - 2011
To cite this article: Peters RL, Gurrin LC, Allen KJ. The predictive value of skin prick testing for challenge-proven food allergy: A systematic review. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01237.x ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin E-mediated (IgE) food allergy affects 6-8% of children, and the prevalence is believed to be increasing. The gold ...
Alvarez Pedro A - - 2012
Although most consumers show no adverse symptoms to food allergens, health consequences for sensitized individuals can be very serious. As a result, the Codex General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods has specified a series of allergenic ingredients/substances requiring mandatory declaration when present in processed prepackaged food products. Countries ...
Vidańćek Sanja - - 2011
Inactivation of parasites in food by microwave treatment may vary due to differences in the characteristics of microwave ovens and food properties. Microwave treatment in standard domestic ovens results in hot and cold spots, and the microwaves do not penetrate all areas of the samples depending on the thickness, which ...
Ben-Shoshan M - - 2012
Background. Studies suggest that the rising prevalence of food allergy during recent decades may have stabilized. Although genetics undoubtedly contribute to the emergence of food allergy, it is likely that other factors play a crucial role in mediating such short-term changes. Objective. To identify potential demographic predictors of food allergies. ...
Skypala Isabel - - 2011
Adverse reactions to foods are classified according to the presence or absence of involvement of the immune system, which may or may not include the production of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. This review focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of adverse food reactions, primarily in adults, and excluding celiac ...
Kim Jennifer S - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: How food protein becomes recognized as an allergen remains a fundamental question. Previous studies indicated that the pathophysiology of food allergy is because of a skewed Th2 response to specific food glycoproteins. The focus has now shifted to understanding how a failure of regulatory mechanisms results in ...
Wu Yong-Mei - - 2011
Gly m Bd 28K, Gly m Bd 30K and Gly m Bd 60K are the major soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) allergens limiting the consumption of a good protein source for sensitive individuals. However, little is known about their temporal-spatial expression during seed development and upon germination. The present data ...
Kulkarni Neeta - - 2011
To cite this article: Kulkarni N, Ragazzo V, Costella S, Piacentini G, Boner A, O'Callaghan C, Fiocchi A, Kantar A. Eosinophilic airway inflammation is increased in children with asthma and food allergies. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01226.x ABSTRACT: Background:  Asthma is associated with food allergies in a significant number ...
Cianferoni Antonella - - 2012
Food-induced anaphylaxis (FIA) is a serious allergic reaction that may cause death rapidly in otherwise healthy individuals. There is no universal agreement on its definition or criteria for diagnosis. Hospital admissions for FIA have more than doubled in the last decade. Food is one of the most common causes of ...
Otsu Kanao - - 2011
Food allergy is an increasing public health dilemma in Westernized countries, yet no viable treatments are currently available for those who are afflicted. The only options available for patients with food allergies are prevention of reactions by strict avoidance of the offending food(s) and symptomatic treatment of any adverse effects ...
Lieberman Jay A - - 2011
The apparent increase in food allergy prevalence has led to a surge in the amount of clinical and basic science research dedicated to the field. At the current time, allergen avoidance remains the cornerstone of treatment; however, recent clinical trials investigating various forms of immunotherapy have opened doors to the ...
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