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Hume David John DJ MRC/UCT Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Newlands, 7725, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heightened food cue-reactivity in overweight and obese individuals has been related to aberrant functioning of neural circuitry implicated in motivational behaviours and reward-seeking. Here we explore the neurophysiology of visual food cue-reactivity in overweight and obese women, as compared with normal weight women, by assessing differences in cortical arousal and ...
Burri Betty J BJ Western Human Nutrition Research Center, USDA/ARS, 430 W. Health Sciences Dr., Davis, CA 95616, - - 2014
Beta-cryptoxanthin is a common carotenoid that is found in fruit, and in human blood and tissues. Foods that are rich in beta-cryptoxanthin include tangerines, persimmons, and oranges. Beta-cryptoxanthin has several functions that are important for human health, including roles in antioxidant defense and cell-to-cell communications. Most importantly, beta-cryptoxanthin is a ...
Zendehdel Morteza M Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, 14155-6453, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of metoprolol (a β1 adrenergic receptor antagonist), ICI 118,551 (a β2 adrenergic receptor antagonist), and SR 59230R (a β3 adrenergic receptor antagonist) on ghrelin-induced food and water intake by 3-h food-deprived (FD3) cockerels. The chickens were randomly ...
Patel D D Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 265 Crittenden Blvd. Box 420644, Rochester, NY 14642, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The etiology of prostate cancer is uncertain, but intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may play a role. We evaluated prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels with fish consumption (the primary source of n-3 PUFAs) and calculated PUFA intake. Serum PSA concentrations were available from 6018 men who participated ...
Butera Peter C PC Department of Psychology, Niagara University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Data from a wide variety of mammalian species indicate that feeding behavior can be influenced by changes in endogenous estrogens and exogenous estrogenic treatments. Ghrelin is an important physiological signal for the regulation of energy balance, and ghrelin treatment increases eating and body weight in male rodents. The following studies ...
Messina Mark M From Nutrition Matters Inc, Port Townsend, - - 2014
Over the past 2 decades, soy foods have been the subject of a vast amount of research, primarily because they are uniquely rich sources of isoflavones. Isoflavones are classified as both phytoestrogens and selective estrogen receptor modulators. The phytoestrogenic effects of isoflavones have led some to view soy foods and ...
Fantasia Heidi Collins - - 2014
Declining estrogen levels associated with menopause can result in vulvovaginal atrophy and some degree of dyspareunia for more than half of all women in menopause. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved ospemifene, a nonhormonal oral medication for the treatment of dyspareunia in menopause. This article will provide ...
Thomas R R 1] The Primrose Research Unit, Bedford Hospital, Bedford, UK [2] Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke's Cambridge University NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK [3] Department of Postgraduate Medicine, Cranfield University, Cranfield, - - 2014
Background:Polyphenol-rich foods such as pomegranate, green tea, broccoli and turmeric have demonstrated anti-neoplastic effects in laboratory models involving angiogenesis, apoptosis and proliferation. Although some have been investigated in small, phase II studies, this combination has never been evaluated within an adequately powered randomised controlled trial.Methods:In total, 199 men, average age ...
Lee Andy H AH School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Isoflavones, mainly found in soy, have been shown to inhibit ovarian cancer cell proliferation. We hypothesized that soy consumption and isoflavone intake are related to the risk of ovarian cancer. A case-control study was conducted in southern China to ascertain this hypothesis. Five hundred incident patients with histologically confirmed cancer ...
Gany Francesca - - 2014
This study assessed the prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among a cohort of underserved oncology patients at New York City cancer clinics. A demographic survey and the U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module were administered. A multivariate General Linear Model Analysis of Covariance was used to evaluate predictors of ...
Maceira Jorge J Pérez JJ Laboratorio de Fisiología Animal (Instituto de Acuicultura), Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, - - 2013
It is known that in fish the serotonergic system is part of the neural network that controls feeding and that a pharmacologically induced increase in brain 5-HT inhibits food intake. However, nothing is known about the 5-HT receptors involved in this inhibitory effect. In this study, we investigated the effects ...
Gu Junnan - - 2013
Our team is designing and fully characterizing black raspberries (BRB) food products suitable for long-term cancer prevention studies. The processing, scale up and storage effect on the consistency, quality, bioactive stability and sensory acceptability of two BRB delivery systems of varying matrices is presented. BRB dosage, pH, water activity and ...
Wang Sunan S 1 Canadian Food and Wine Institute , Niagara College, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada - - 2013
Abstract Combining different foods may produce additive, synergistic, or antagonistic interactions that may modify certain physiological effects (i.e., anticancer properties). For investigating these interactions and potential synergetic combinations, thirteen foods from three categories, including fruits (raspberries, blackberries, apples, grapes), vegetables (broccoli, tomatoes, mushrooms, purple cauliflowers, onions), and legumes (soy beans, ...
Fungfuang Wirasak - - 2013
The integration of metabolism and reproduction involves complex interactions of hypothalamic neuropeptides with metabolic hormones, fuels, and sex steroids. Of these, estrogen influences food intake, body weight, and the accumulation and distribution of adipose tissue. In this study, the effects of estrogen on food intake, serum leptin levels, and leptin ...
Almeida Ana Isabel - - 2013
Cancer aetiology is multifactorial; risk factors comprise obesity, central adiposity, physical inactivity and excessive/ deficient intake of foods and/or nutrients with procarcinogenic/ protective effects. We aim to analyze the pattern of nutritional status, food intake and physical activity in a cohort of cancer patients. This pilot crosssectional study was conducted ...
Herati Amin S AS Arthur Smith Institute for Urology, Hofstra North Shore LIJ School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, - - 2013
To better elucidate the prevalence of perceived food sensitivity and characterize the sensitivity pattern in patients with clinically diagnosed chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. A total of 286 men meeting the National Institutes of Health criteria for chronic prostatitis were mailed a validated questionnaire designed to detect the effect of ...
Mourouti Niki - - 2013
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in female worldwide and occurs as an interaction of genes and diet. As regards diet numerous studies all over the world have associated the disease with many foods and nutrients including soy and its compounds. Soy food and soy products are rich ...
Vullioud Philippe - - 2013
Discussions about social behavior are generally limited to fitness effects of interactions occurring between conspecifics. However, many fitness relevant interactions take place between individuals belonging to different species. Our detailed knowledge about the role of hormones in intraspecific interactions provides a starting point to investigate how far interspecific interactions are ...
Jackson Maria - - 2013
Studies of diet and prostate cancer have focused primarily on food and nutrients; however, dietary patterns examine the overall diet, particularly foods eaten in combination, and risk of disease. We evaluated the association of dietary patterns and prostate cancer and low- and high-grade subgroups in Jamaican men. In a case-control ...
Stott-Miller Marni M Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, - - 2013
Evidence suggests that high-heat cooking methods may increase the risk of prostate cancer (PCa). The addition of oil/fat, as in deep-frying, may be of particular concern, and has not specifically been investigated in relation to PCa. Potential mechanisms include the formation of potentially carcinogenic agents such as aldehydes, acrolein, heterocyclic ...
Clarke Don B - - 2013
The scientific literature contains evidence suggesting that women who have been treated for breast cancer may, as a result of their diagnosis, increase their phyto-oestrogen (PE) intake. In the present paper, we describe the creation of a dietary analysis database (based on Dietplan6) for the determination of dietary intakes of ...
Chi Feng - - 2013
Background and Objectives: Data on associations between soy food intake after cancer diagnosis with breast cancer survival are conflicting, so we conducted this meta-analysis for more accurate evaluation. Methods: Comprehensive searches were conducted to find cohort studies of the relationship between soy food intake after cancer diagnosis and breast cancer ...
Tang Li - - 2013
Background: The north-western region of China has a high incidence of oesophageal cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether the intake of food and beverage at high temperature is associated with the risk of oesophageal cancer among adults residing in this remote part of China. Materials and Methods: A case-control ...
Santollo Jessica J Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, State Unioversity of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260, - - 2013
Estradiol (E2) decreases food and water intake in a variety of species, including rats. Available evidence suggests that this is mediated by genomic mechanisms that are most often attributed to nuclear estrogen receptors. More recent studies indicate that membrane-associated estrogen receptors (mERs) also can influence gene expression through the activation ...
Clegg Deborah J DJ University of Texas Southwestern, Touchstone Diabetes Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA. - - 2012
Gonadal steroids are critical regulators of physiology, yet we approach physiology and science with the simplest perspective/model, the male one. Female models of whole animal physiology are complex to study and, therefore, are often not used in research. Estrogens are one of the sex hormones that we know are important ...
Cambero María I - - 2012
Abstract To optimize the sanitation treatment of ready-to-eat (RTE) intermediate-moisture foods (IMF), the behavior of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (CIP 103575), L. innocua (NTC 11288), Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (CECT 443), and Escherichia coli O157:H7 (CECT 4972) following treatment with electron-beam irradiation has been studied. As food matrixes, three RTE ...
Reding Kerryn W - - 2012
Urinary concentrations of 2:16-hydroxyestrone (2:16-OHE1) approximate concentrations of 2-OHE1 and 16α -OHE1 in breast tissue. As estrogens are purported to be involved in breast cancer development, the 2:16-OHE1 ratio can provide an indication of estrogen metabolite exposure in the breast. With prior studies observing associations between urinary estrogen metabolites and ...
Nadeau Kari C - - 2012
One of the most promising therapies for food allergy is oral immunotherapy (OIT), in which small amounts of allergen are administered in increasing amounts, with the immediate goal of desensitization and the long-term goal of tolerance. However, safety and standardization concerns prevent its widespread use, and a subgroup of patients ...
Masilamani Madhan M Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, The Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Anbg 17-40, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, - - 2012
Food allergy is an emerging epidemic in the United States and the Western world. The determination of factors that make certain foods allergenic is still not clearly understood. Only a tiny fraction of thousands of proteins and other molecules is responsible for inducing food allergy. In this review, the authors ...
Costa Joana - - 2012
Almond (Prunus dulcis) has been widely used in all sorts of food products (bakery, pastry, snacks) mostly due to its pleasant flavor and to its health benefits. However, it is also classified as a potential allergenic seed known to be responsible for triggering several mild to life-threatening immune reactions in ...
Brown S D - - 2012
This study was conducted to examine whether disliked foods can act as contaminants to liked foods during infancy. Participants (aged 18-25months, N=18) were offered a liked food that was touching a disliked food, on the same plate. Their response to this liked food was compared to the infants' response to ...
Flokstra-de Blok B M J - - 2012
Food allergy has become an emerging health problem in Western societies. Although food allergy is characterized by a relatively low mortality and an almost continual absence of physical symptoms, food allergic patients are continually confronted with the possibility of potentially severe reactions and the necessity of dietary vigilance. Health-related quality ...
Treudler Regina - - 2012
Component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) have become of growing importance in clinical investigation of IgE-mediated allergies. This review updates the current use of CRD in respiratory allergies (e. g. to pollen, animal dander, mites, latex), as well as in allergies to hymenoptera venom or in food allergies to plants (e. g. Bet ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2012
This review highlights some of the research advances in anaphylaxis; hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects; and allergic skin diseases that were reported in the Journal in 2011. Food allergy appears to be increasing in prevalence and carries a strong economic burden. Risk factors can include dietary ones, such ...
Joneja Janice M - - 2012
For many years, the prevailing maxim for prevention of food allergy in at-risk infants was to reduce allergic sensitization by avoiding exposure to highly allergenic foods until the baby's immune and digestive systems were sufficiently developed to cope with the allergen. Current thinking is completely different: exposure to food in ...
Taut Diana - - 2012
Research investigating the role of maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) on food intake has exclusively focused on food intake in a forced consumption situation. In contrast, the present study examined the effect of negative emotions (fear, negative affect) and ER strategies (suppression, reappraisal) on food intake in a non-forced, free eating ...
Mousallem T T Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
There is no approved therapy for food allergy. The current standard of care is elimination of the triggering food from the diet and accessibility to epinephrine. Immunotherapy is a promising treatment approach. While desensitization to most foods seems feasible, it remains unclear if a permanent state of tolerance is achievable. ...
van den Berg Marten E - - 2011
Background: While genetic factors are known to be important in the development of sensitization to foods, it is not known whether they also play a role in clinical allergic reactivity to foods. Objective: We aimed to determine whether parental atopic diseases are associated with a higher risk of a reaction ...
Rajavelu Priya - - 2012
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a recently recognized inflammatory disorder driven by food hypersensitivity; however, the specific foods and mechanisms involved are unclear. In patients with EoE, we have found that hypersensitivities to corn and peanuts are the most common. Accordingly, we sensitized and exposed mice either intranasally or intragastrically with ...
Cucu Tatiana - - 2011
Soybean (Glycine max) is extensively used all over the world due to its nutritional qualities. However, soybean is included in the "big eight" list of food allergens. According to the EU directive 2007/68/EC, food products containing soybeans have to be labeled in order to protect the allergic consumers. Nevertheless, soybeans ...
McBride D - - 2011
To cite this article: McBride D, Keil T, Grabenhenrich L, Dubakiene R, Drasutiene G, Fiocchi A, Dahdah L, Sprikkelman AB, Schoemaker AA, Roberts G, Grimshaw K, Kowalski ML, Stanczyk-Przyluska A, Sigurdardottir S, Clausen M, Papadopoulos NG, Mitsias D, Rosenfeld L, Reche M, Pascual C, Reich A, Hourihane J, Wahn U, ...
Konstantinou George N - - 2012
Heat treatment of several foods, including all types of cooking, has been mainly used to minimize the number of viable microbes, reduce pathogenicity, and destroy the undesirable enzymes, maintaining food quality. In addition, food processing improves sensory, nutritional, and physical properties of the foods, due to food protein denaturation. Heat-induced ...
Järvinen Kirsi M - - 2012
Prevention of food allergies by maternal and infant feeding practices serves as a simple, inexpensive approach to address the growing number of subjects with food allergies in comparison with any emerging interventional therapies for existing food allergies, such as oral immunotherapy. This article provides a careful evaluation of the rationale ...
Alessandri C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Egg allergy is a very common finding in early childhood. Detecting hen's egg (HE) allergy outgrowing and reintroduction of food containing egg is a task for the allergist. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the suitability of boiled egg food challenge compared with IgE to allergenic molecules from HE white ...
Hays Tiffani - - 2011
When caring for patients with severe, multiple food allergies, special considerations are necessary for achieving the best quality of care. The most important consideration is to confirm all food allergies so that the patient does not unnecessarily restrict foods. Retest or challenge any foods with a questionable diagnosis. Second, because ...
Allen Katrina J - - 2012
The rise in food allergy prevalence in developed countries is evident from anecdotal reports but has been difficult to document and until recently good quality prevalence data were lacking. Although most emerging risk factors seem related to the "modern lifestyle" the reasons for the rise in food allergy prevalence remain ...
Berin M Cecilia - - 2012
The default response of the mucosal immune system to antigens derived from food is one of active immune tolerance carried out by regulatory T cells and induced by dendritic cells residing in the intestinal mucosa. This tolerance response must be inhibited or bypassed to generate allergic sensitization in experimental food ...
Robinson Joanne M - - 2011
School nurses play a key role in managing students with food allergies. It is becoming more common to encounter students with severe allergies to multiple foods, putting them at risk for anaphylaxis. It is essential that the school nurse have a clear understanding of food allergies and how to effectively ...
Peters Rachel L - - 2011
To cite this article: Peters RL, Gurrin LC, Allen KJ. The predictive value of skin prick testing for challenge-proven food allergy: A systematic review. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011; Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01237.x ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin E-mediated (IgE) food allergy affects 6-8% of children, and the prevalence is believed to be increasing. The gold ...
Alvarez Pedro A - - 2012
Although most consumers show no adverse symptoms to food allergens, health consequences for sensitized individuals can be very serious. As a result, the Codex General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods has specified a series of allergenic ingredients/substances requiring mandatory declaration when present in processed prepackaged food products. Countries ...
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