Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 934
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Collier George - - 2004
Animals behave in bouts, and the process that causes feeding bouts to end is called satiation. Bout size or, in the case of feeding, meal size is the result both of the costs of food resources and the consequences of consuming a particular resource. Meal size increases as a function ...
Sjöberg A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diet history (DH) method to an estimated 7-day record (7-d) concerning meal pattern and intake of foods, energy and nutrients. DESIGN: After the DH interview, subjects completed the 7-d. SETTING: School setting, Göteborg, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A total of 51 adolescent girls (15-16 y) recruited from 634 ...
Gollub Elizabeth A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence that expanding a home-delivered meals service to include breakfast and lunch would have on the nutritional status and quality of life of at-risk older adults. DESIGN: This cross-sectional field study compared two groups. The breakfast group (n=167) received a home-delivered breakfast and lunch, 5 ...
Napoli Raffaele - - 2004
Experimental hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia have been shown to affect vascular reactivity. Chronic red wine consumption is associated with less cardiovascular mortality. Whether ingestion of a natural meal and red wine causes acute changes in vascular homeostasis is poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to clarify whether meal ...
Eckel Lisa A - - 2004
The classic analyses of the inhibitory effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) on meal size, conducted by Professor Gerard P. Smith and his colleagues at the Bourne Laboratory, inspired my initial interest in this field. My current research, which investigates the role of estradiol in the control of meal size, continues to ...
Dunne Tracy E - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with severe Alzheimer's disease (AD) in long-term care have deficient contrast sensitivity and poor food and liquid intake. The present study examined how contrast manipulations affect these intake levels. METHODS: Participants were nine men with advanced AD. Independent variables were meal type (lunch and supper) and ...
Eppich Simone - - 2004
Soup kitchens attempt to improve the food security of low-income individuals, but the results of their efforts are rarely researched. We focused our study on the Inter-Faith Council Soup Kitchen (IFC) near the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC) in Chapel Hill, NC. The IFC uses no centralized nutrition planning ...
Shields Linda - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of this investigation was to examine the cost of parents' food and parking during a child's admission to two paediatric health facilities in a capital city in Australia and to make recommendations to alleviate the cost of admission. METHODS: A survey was undertaken of hospital facilities and ...
Jaeger Sara R - - 2004
Perceptions of a range of evening meal situations eaten in the home were explored in a female consumer population. The investigation was carried out using the repertory grid technique and using written scenarios as the research stimuli. The nine scenarios successfully manipulated perceived convenience, time and effort. A consumer-generated vocabulary ...
de Graaf Cees - - 2004
This review's objective is to give a critical summary of studies that focused on physiologic measures relating to subjectively rated appetite, actual food intake, or both. Biomarkers of satiation and satiety may be used as a tool for assessing the satiating efficiency of foods and for understanding the regulation of ...
Klein Sandra - - 2004
To better predict food effects on the bioavailability/bioequivalence of drugs and drug products from in-vitro data, a dissolution medium that simulates the initial composition of the postprandial stomach was developed. First, the physical parameters of two homogenized standard breakfasts often administered to assess food effects in pharmacokinetic studies were measured. ...
Waterhouse Jim - - 2004
In an attempt to investigate the relative importance of endogenous and exogenous factors in determining food intake, 14 healthy subjects were studied while living in an Isolation Unit (where external time cues were absent) for eighteen 28 h "days" (equal to 21 solar days). The subjects were free to spend ...
Elfhag Kristina - - 2004
We related the effect of the satiety enhancing drug sibutramine (Meridia, Reductil) on food intake to Rorschach Comprehensive System (Exner, 1991, 1993) personality factors. A placebo-controlled crossover, within-subjects design (n = 36) was used. Food intake after 2 weeks in the sibutramine and placebo conditions was assessed with a test ...
Parker B A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Visual analogue scales are widely used in appetite research, yet the validity of these scales to evaluate appetite and mood has not been assessed in older subjects. The aim of this study was to determine the relations between food intake and visual analogue scale (VAS) ratings of appetite and ...
Lindseth,Inge Andreas
Background: Several aspects of the postprandial effects of meals need further investigation. In particular, we were interested in focusing on whether the glycemic effect of meals is related to the serum concentration of hormones known to be involved in appetite regulation, and to hunger and food intake. Objective/research questions: Will ...
Strubbe Jan H - - 2004
In most individuals, food intake occurs as discrete bouts or meals, and little attention has been paid to the factors that normally determine when meals will occur when food is freely available. On the basis of experiments using rats, the authors suggest that when there are no constraints on obtaining ...
Mathus-Vliegen E M H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory 24-h dual-channel pharyngeal and oesophageal pH monitoring is the standard test for measuring gastro-oesophageal and gastropharyngeal reflux. Artefacts caused by the intake of food may result in falsely positive gastropharyngeal reflux, which necessitates a manual review of 24-h pH data. The purpose of the study was to investigate ...
Parsons Karen - - 2004
According to recent literature, delivering chilled Meals on Wheels to seniors increases food quality and safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the acceptability and/or feasibility of a cook-chill delivery system for participants in the Maimonides Geriatric Centre Meals on Wheels program in Montreal, Quebec. The authors also ...
Yeomans M R MR Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK. - - 2004
The present study evaluated the effects of dietary restraint on short-term appetite in response to manipulated palatability. The effects of palatability on appetite during a lunchtime meal were assessed by contrasting intake of a bland and palatable version of a simple food (within subject). To test how responses to palatability ...
JAIME A. RAMOS
We examined variation in meal size, feeding frequency and daily food delivery in relation to age, nest, day, year, and weather by White-tailed Tropicbirds (Phaethon lepturus) using repeated weighing of chicks. We focused particularly on the differences between chicks which survived and those which died. Unsuccessful chicks became significantly lighter ...
Sjöberg A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To relate meal pattern of Swedish adolescents to food choice, nutrient intake and other lifestyle factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including diet history and interview about smoking, ethnicity, social factors and retrospectively collected data of menarche and growth. SETTING: School setting, Göteborg, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A total of 611 boys and ...
Livny Orly - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Carotenoids contribute to the beneficial effects of fruits and vegetables consumption; however, the bioavailability of these compounds from fresh or processed foods is not well established. AIM OF THE STUDY: We evaluated the bioavailability of beta-carotene (15 mg) from a single meal composed of cooked, pureed carrots and compared ...
Drazen Deborah L - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food intake is critical for survival and is a complex behavior with multiple levels of control. Short-term, meal-related signals arise from many sources including the gastrointestinal tract, the environment, and higher centers in the brain. As described in this review, inputs from the gastrointestinal tract can exert ...
Waterhouse J - - 2003
A questionnaire was designed to assess the following: why working people chose to eat or not to eat at a particular time of day; the factors that influenced the type of food eaten; and subjective responses to the meal (hunger before, enjoyment during, satiety afterward). Self-assessments were done every 3 ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2003
This study examined the independent association of food sufficiency status with lowest nutrient intakes and multimorbidity among homebound older women who received home-delivered meals. Baseline data from the Nutrition and Function Study were used to identify three categories of food sufficiency status [food sufficient (FS), risk of food insufficiency (RFI) ...
Ensinck John W - - 2003
Thrittene is a recently described peptide with a sequence homologous with somatostatin-28 ((1-13)) but is produced independent of the preprosomatostatin gene. It is localized in epithelial cells in stomach and gut mucosal crypts and in neuronal cell bodies in the myenteric plexus and enteric axons. It is also present in ...
Bell Rick - - 2003
We conducted an observational study of customers in three different types of lunch settings: a worksite cafeteria, a fast-food restaurant, and a moderately priced restaurant, and assessed the relationship between meal duration and the number of people eating at each table (group size). Results suggest a significant positive correlation between ...
Bellinger Larry - - 2003
The present study explored the role of endogenous alpha-MSH in the alteration of meal patterns induced by nicotine (NIC) withdrawal. Male Sprague Dawley rats bearing third ventricle cannulas were placed in computerized food intake monitors. On days 1-21, the rats were given 4 mg/kg/day of NIC or saline (SAL) in ...
de Assis M A A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the food intake of garbage collectors, who works in three shifts, in terms of meal and snack frequency, content, time distribution and the contribution of various popular foods to the total diet. METHODS: Sixty-six Brazilian garbage collectors, who work in morning, afternoon, and night shift, participated in ...
Pietersma Patti - - 2003
Patients with advanced cancer experience various problems with eating, and their meals should be tailored to meet their specific needs. Two methods of food service were compared in a shared acute oncology/palliative care unit; an electrical food cart allowing patients to select their food types and portions at the bedside, ...
Schramm Derek D - - 2003
Macronutrients in food and gastric acid are known to have a pronounced effect on the metabolism of many xenobiotics, an effect that impacts their efficacy as bioactive agents. In this investigation we assessed the impact of select food treatments and the histamine H(2)-receptor antagonist Famotidine (Pepcid-AC) on flavanol absorption and ...
Bellisle F - - 2003
To investigate the relative contributions of meals and snacks in the daily intake of free-living humans, 54 French adults maintained food intake diaries for four 7-day periods. They recorded all food and fluid intakes mentioning whether, in their opinion, each intake event was a snack or a meal. The weekly ...
Ziemer David C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare a simple meal plan emphasizing healthy food choices with a traditional exchange-based meal plan in reducing HbA(1c) levels in urban African Americans with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 648 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to receive instruction in either a ...
Felgines Catherine - - 2003
Anthocyanins are phenolic compounds widely distributed in fruits and vegetables. Their consumption has been shown to prevent some chronic diseases. Anthocyanin metabolism, however, is still not fully understood. The aim of this work was to evaluate the bioavailability of anthocyanins in humans consuming a meal containing strawberries and to identify ...
Azanza Maria Patricia V - - 2003
Canned prototypes of rice (CR) and rice meal with pork sausage (CRM) were developed as military food ration models for evaluation by personnel in the Bonifacio Naval Station, Fort Bonifacio, Makati, Philippines. The prototypes were produced based on the assumption that a serving size equivalent to 400 g cooked rice ...
Gaetani Silvana - - 2003
Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a structural analog of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide, which does not activate cannabinoid receptors. The biosynthesis of OEA in rat small intestine is increased by feeding and reduced by fasting. Moreover, OEA decreases food intake in food-deprived rats via a mechanism that requires intact sensory fibers (Rodríguez ...
Lievens Sylvia - - 2003
Simmondsin, a glycoside from jojoba meal, decreases food intake after oral administration. The present experiments are designed to clarify the mechanism of simmondsin's anorectic activity. The meal pattern analysis shows that simmondsin supplementation at different doses results in a dose-dependent food intake reduction, which is more pronounced after prior simmondsin ...
Dupertuis Y M - - 2003
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study aimed to assess the ability of the hospital meal service to meet patients' nutritional needs. METHODS: All hospitalised patients who received 3 meals/day without artificial nutritional support were included. The nutritional values of food served, consumed and wasted during a 24 h period were compared ...
Luckman Simon M - - 2003
Eating a meal is a mechanical process involving autonomous pathways that relay sensory and motor information between the whole length of the digestive tract and the central nervous system. This circuitry is able to initiate and terminate the meal, primarily by gut-brainstem-gut reflex arcs, and is independent of the caloric ...
Paquet Catherine - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Decreased food intake is an important risk factor for malnutrition, which is highly prevalent among geriatric patients. The emotional nature of the hospitalization experience and the complex organizational setting involved in meal production and delivery services in institutions increase the risk for decreased food intake. Everyday emotions are known ...
Davidson A J - - 2003
Food-anticipatory activity (FAA) is the increase in locomotion and core body temperature that precedes a daily scheduled meal. It is driven by a circadian oscillator but is independent of the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Recent results that reveal meal-entrained clock gene expression in rat and mouse peripheral organs raise the intriguing possibility ...
Smit Conrad F - - 2003
Ambulatory 24-hour double-probe pH monitoring seems to be the best test to measure reflux. Artifacts caused by intake of acid foods and beverages have to be excluded, necessitating a time-consuming manual review of the 24-hour data. Dietary restrictions used to bypass these artifacts would interfere with the normal daily life ...
Kim Hye-Young P - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to obtain a fuller understanding of the association of dietary behaviours, physical status and socio-economic status with academic performance in Korean teenagers. The subjects in this study were 6,463 boys and girls, in grade 5, 8, and 11 in Korea. A self-administered questionnaire and ...
Bergh C - - 2003
A wealth of data supports the idea that the stomach and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) normally play important roles in meal size and satiety. We studied long-term gastrectomized humans to further evaluate this possibility. Ten humans, who were gastrectomized 8 (3-12) years earlier, and eight controls ate a meal from a ...
La Puma John - - 2003
Little isd known about how meals are chosen for medical meetings. We surveyed the annual meeting planners for 20 major specialty societies. Thirteen (65%) responded; all were currently planning their next meeting. Attendance in 2000 was reported at 113,477 physicians, with 2 million planned meals and snacks. No physician was ...
Ahn Soyon - - 2002
Current studies raise the possibility that subregions within the amygdala may interact with the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) system to subserve specific psychological processes underlying food reward. The present study compared the effect of reversible inactivation of the central nucleus (CeN) versus the basolateral amygdala (BLA) on DA efflux in the ...
Hendy H M - - 2002
The present study examined the effectiveness of trained peer models to encourage food acceptance in children during preschool meals, and one month later. It also considered whether trained peer models risk the over-justification effects proposed to reduce later food acceptance after reinforcement has been offered for eating a specific food. ...
Laviano A - - 2002
Food intake is mainly controlled in the hypothalamus via a series of functionally related nuclei, including the ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus (VMN) and the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA). Since food intake is the product of meal number and meal size, we investigated the role of the VMN and LHA in ...
Azzara Anthony V - - 2002
Central melanocortin (MC) receptor agonists inhibit food intake and may be downstream mediators of the effects of central leptin, which (1) reduces food intake by selectively decreasing meal size and (2) augments the feeding-inhibitory effects of gastrointestinal food stimuli. Central administration of the MC-3/4 receptor (MC-3/4R) agonist, MTII, inhibits feeding ...
Gorleku, Eugene Tetteh
Growing interest in nutrition and health and the increase in the number of people eating away from home gives power and responsibility to retail foodservice operators. Employees of hotels, restaurants, and other food service establishments are in an important position to influence and impact the diet of the general public ...
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