Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 931
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Ziegler Paula - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe nutrient intake and food patterns of lunches and snacks eaten at various locations by US toddlers. DESIGN: A national, cross-sectional telephone survey in which mothers and primary caretakers reported toddlers' food and beverage intake for a 24-hour period. SUBJECTS: Toddlers (n=632), aged 15 to 24 months, a ...
Waterhouse Jim - - 2006
To understand better how disruption to daily routines and circadian factors affect food intake, some aspects of 361 passengers' eating habits during long-haul flights across eight time zones were investigated. Two meals were provided during each flight. Passengers stated whether or not they had eaten part or all of each ...
Sammon A M - - 2006
Endemic cancer of the oesophagus in Africa is associated with the use of maize as the staple. In one African community endemic cancer of the oesophagus has been shown to have a strong statistical association with the consumption of foods based on maize in the meal form. A strong association ...
Williamson Donald A - - 2006
This study tested if: (1) a preload of mycoprotein and tofu consumed before a lunch meal have a greater effect on satiety when compared to a chicken preload, (2) the mycoprotein and tofu preloads, compared to chicken, are not associated with compensation or eating more food at a subsequent dinner ...
Foltin Richard W - - 2006
This study examined how sibutramine (0.06-4.0 mg/kg, i.m.), a clinically effective weight-loss medication which increases extracellular serotonin and norepinephrine levels, affected the appetitive and consummatory aspects of feeding of non-human primates. The effects were compared to the effects of the positive control dexfenfluramine (2.0-6.0 mg/kg, p.o.), which primarily increases extracellular ...
Mendoza Jorge J Departamento de Anatomía, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México DF, 04510, México. - - 2005
Food is considered a potent Zeitgeber for peripheral oscillators but not for the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which is entrained principally by the light-dark cycle. However, when food attains relevant properties in quantity and quality, it can be a potent Zeitgeber even for the SCN. Here we evaluated the entrainment influence ...
Locher Julie L - - 2005
Undernutrition in homebound older adults is a significant problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the presence of others, both within the household and during meals, on caloric intake in homebound older adults. In-depth interviews and three 24-hour dietary recalls were obtained from 50 older ...
Foltin Richard W - - 2005
This study examined how pharmacological and behavioral manipulations affect appetitive and consummatory aspects of feeding of baboons. Baboons have access to food 24 h each day, but they must complete a two-phase operant procedure in order to eat. Responding on one lever during a 30-min appetitive phase was required before ...
Moran Timothy H - - 2005
Extract: During and following a meal, ingested nutrients come into contact with multiple sites in the gastrointestinal tract that have the potential to alter peptide and neural signaling. Such signals can serve as feedback mediators influencing current or subsequent food intake. Ingested nutrients accumulate within the stomach, activating gastric mechanoreceptors ...
Tessier Sophie - - 2005
The Mediterranean diet is often characterized in terms of food items only. In this paper, the comparison of meals, in-between meals snack consumption and total daily food intake is presented between Sardinia and Malta in terms of structure, social environment and hours, together with their changes. Data were collected in ...
Agrawal Amit - - 2005
Ingestion of acidic foods may produce artifactual drops in pH to < 4 that may be difficult to differentiate from a true acid reflux event. We aimed to evaluate intraesophageal pH changes during the ingestion of acidic food and describe the frequency and implications of acidic food ingestion on ambulatory ...
Funaba Masayuki - - 2005
The nutritional value of meat meal (MM), chicken meal (CM), and corn gluten meal (CGM) as dietary sources of protein in dry food formulated for adult cats was evaluated. Twelve healthy adult cats (11 males and 1 female) were used. Dry diets containing MM, CM, or CGM as the main ...
Holsen Laura M - - 2005
Dramatic increases in childhood obesity necessitate a more complete understanding of neural mechanisms of hunger and satiation in pediatric populations. In this study, normal weight children and adolescents underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning before and after eating a meal. Participants showed increased activation to visual food stimuli in ...
Pan Zhi-Chong - - 2005
We measured oxygen consumption in juvenile Chinese striped-necked turtles (Ocadia sinensis) after they ingested food, either as a single meal or as double meals, to examine the influence of meal type and feeding frequency on specific dynamic action (SDA). Temporal variation in oxygen consumption after feeding was evident in the ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study examines race differences in the association of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics with change in food sufficiency status over 1 year in homebound older adults. METHOD: Using sociodemographic and health-related data collected during two in-home assessments as part of the North Carolina Nutrition and Function Study, logistic regression ...
Young Karen W H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite recognition that weight loss is a problem in elderly persons with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), increasing their food intake remains a challenge. To effectively enhance intake, interventions must work with individuals' changing needs and intake patterns. Previously, the authors reported greater food consumption at breakfast, a high-carbohydrate meal, ...
Raynor Hollie A - - 2006
Limiting meal variety decreases hedonic ratings of eaten foods more so than non-eaten foods, demonstrating sensory-specific satiety. Exposure to a food over time decreases the food's hedonic ratings, indicating monotony. The effect of limiting food group variety over time on long-term sensory-specific satiety and monotony is unknown. Thirty overweight adults ...
Sonesson Ulf - - 2005
Today there is a strong trend in Sweden for industrially processed meals to replace homemade meals. In the public debate this is often claimed to increase the environmental impact from foods. In the study presented in this article, we used life-cycle assessment to quantify the environmental impact of three meals: ...
Mrdjenovic Gordana - - 2005
Total daily food intake of 16 preschool children 4-6 years of age were collected from 5 to 7 consecutive days. The most powerful determinant of the amount of food consumed at meals was amount served (r=0.77, P<0.0001). Although intake at meals (snacks were considered a meals) was significantly negatively correlated ...
DellaValle Diane M - - 2005
Beverages are frequently consumed with meals, but their influence on meal energy intake is not understood. We hypothesized that differences in the energy, nutrient content, and sensory properties of beverages consumed with a meal would affect intake. Forty-four women ate lunch in the laboratory once a week for 6 weeks. ...
Fu S J - - 2005
Effect of relative meal size (0.6-24%) on specific dynamic action (SDA) was assessed in southern catfish juveniles (48.2+/-3.2 g) at 27.5 degrees C. Cutlets of freshly killed loach species were used as test diet. Energy expended during SDA was linearly correlated with relative meal size (r=0.949, p<0.001, N=47). There was ...
Brown Lora Beth - - 2005
We compared Food Guide Pyramid (FGP) intake of college students according to their participation in a campus prepaid meal plan and their sex. Subjects were 503 single undergraduates (73 males, 430 females) who completed a 3-day dietary analysis assignment for an introductory nutrition course. Average intake for virtually all students ...
Christensen Bjarke B - - 2005
A mathematical model is presented, which addresses individual hygiene practices during food preparation and consumption patterns in private homes. Further, the model links food preparers and consumers based on their relationship to household types. For different age and gender groups, the model estimates (i) the probability of ingesting a meal ...
Sydner Y M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nutritional problems concerning older people in care can be affected both by their illness and by the standard procedures surrounding food provision, for example rigid routines of food supply and ritualized mealtime situations. METHOD: The aim was to study how organizational structure and staff members' routines and actions influence ...
Réglier-Poupet H - - 2005
Food-borne pathogens can multiply if food is not maintained at an appropriate temperature and if there are delays between food preparation and distribution. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of meals during transport from the kitchens to the patients in three departments of a university hospital. ...
Drapeau Vicky - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of appetite sensations to characterize individual overall energy intake. A group of men (n 28) and women (n 23) was recruited to record their 'desire to eat', 'hunger', 'fullness' and 'prospective food consumption' (PFC) on visual analogue scales before ...
Zorrilla Eric P - - 2005
Attempts to understand ingestion have sought to understand the control of meals. The present study evaluated a meal definition that included prandial drinking (drinking-explicit meals). The spontaneous nocturnal intake of male Wistar rats was studied. The meal breakpoint was defined as the interval between feeding or drinking events providing the ...
McCabe-Sellers Beverly J - - 2005
Diuretic therapy (DT) plays a major role in disease management. However, one issue of concern in nutritionally vulnerable elders is that diuretic therapy also increases thiamin excretion, and little attention has been paid to the linkage between DT use and dietary intake of thiamin in this older population. The purpose ...
Keller Heather H - - 2005
Reliance on others for help with food-related activities (grocery shopping and meal preparation) [FADL] can influence food intake and can be considered part of the concept of food security for older adults. Data collected from 193 community-living seniors identified that 29.5% of these seniors required help with these activities. Covariates ...
Waterhouse Jim - - 2005
Some factors influencing food intake and subjective responses to meals were assessed in 2 groups (n=40 and n=36) of healthy university students. Both groups were studied for 6 days and included both "structured" and "unstructured" times. A questionnaire was completed by all subjects at 3 h intervals while awake. The ...
Waterhouse Jim - - 2005
Twelve healthy adults were studied, singly or in groups of up to four, in an Isolation Unit before (control days) and for 3 days after a simulated time-zone transition to the east across 8 time zones (the clock being changed from 15:00 to 23:00h). Subjects were free to choose how ...
Marquis Marie - - 2005
To determine the health and social benefits of the family mealtime, we examined the contribution of immigrant mothers' food motives to the importance placed on family meals, and cultural differences in mothers' food motives and the importance ascribed to family meals. Data were taken from a study on food choice ...
Vuorela Satu - - 2004
Rapeseed meal is the byproduct of the rapeseed deoiling process. Among oilseed plants, rapeseed contains the greatest amount of phenolic compounds. In this study, the rapeseed phenolics were isolated with aqueous methanol, aqueous ethanol, hot water, and enzymatically with ferulic acid esterase. These isolates were tested for radical scavenging and ...
Wellman Paul J - - 2004
The microstructure of feeding in rats can be probed using a variety of protocols that employ videotape-based ratings, pellet feeders, and/or laboratory balances. A recent commercial product (BioDAQ, Research Diets, New Brunswick, NJ) uses a metal food hopper placed on a load cell to monitor daily food pellet consumption. In ...
Chan Eliza M Y - - 2004
The objective of this study is to examine the glycemic response to common Chinese foods in patients with type 2 diabetes. Twenty-four Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes participated. Subjects were allocated to eat a pair of test meals in random order. Test meals included plain porridge with lean pork ...
St-Arnaud-McKenzie Danielle - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diminished appetite occurs frequently with aging and is considered an important clinical symptom of malnutrition, a condition associated with negative clinical outcome, decreased quality of life, and increased health care costs in hospitalized geriatric patients. Yet, in this population, research is scant on hunger and aversion, the two underlying ...
Edwards J S A - - 2004
Malnutrition and the under-consumption of food in hospitals is prevalent and in UK hospitals, the consumption of meals is mainly a solitude event, despite evidence to show that eating in the presence of others can actually increase food intake. Dietary data were collected for three consecutive 24 h periods (n=13) ...
Vaughan C H - - 2005
We report the meal patterns of mice with the deletion of either the melanocortin type 3 or 4 receptors (MC3RKO or MC4RKO) compared with that of the wild type (WT) under conditions of varying foraging costs. Mice lived in two-lever operant chambers; the completion of a designated number of responses ...
de Graaf Cees - - 2005
Laboratory data with single exposures showed that palatability has a positive relationship with food intake. The question addressed in this study is whether this relationship also holds over repeated exposures in non-laboratory contexts in more natural environments. The data were collected in four field studies, lasting 4-11 days with 307 ...
Walden Heather M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: A behavioral recommendation for weight loss is reduction of size of bites of food. This "proof of concept" study tested the efficacy of a new, patented, dental approach, the DDS System, for reducing food intake. This removable tool is inserted into the upper palate of the mouth, reducing the ...
Anderson G Harvey - - 2004
The objective of these 4 studies was to describe the effects of protein source, time of consumption, quantity, and composition of protein preloads on food intake in young men. Young men were fed isolates of whey, soy protein, or egg albumen in sweet and flavored beverages (400 mL) and provided ...
Lee Jason T - - 2004
A complete nutrient characterization of three possible products of guar bean processing does not apparently exist in the literature. Guar meal is a high-protein byproduct produced during extraction of galactomannan gum from the guar bean. During the extraction process, two fractions are produced (germ and hull). Germ and hull fractions ...
Fontanarosa M - - 2004
The authors have started a microbiological survey of the meals given in a factory canteen in the town of Bari with the evaluation of food contamination from the bacteria of the genus Bacillus. In the examined meals, all the detected Bacillus species have the potential to cause food-borne illnesses, even ...
Bellisle F - - 2004
The objective of the present study, performed under laboratory conditions, was to assess the impact of two non food-related environmental stimuli (television and auditory stimulus) on meal intake. Normal weight women (N = 48) ate lunch in the laboratory once a week for four weeks. All lunches were identical and ...
Levitsky David A - - 2004
Young and Nestle suggested that the increase in the portion size of food products evident in the United States during the past 20 years may be responsible for the epidemic of overweight and obesity. They based their conclusion on statistical correlations. The purpose of the present study was to provide ...
Amella Elaine J - - 2004
All cultures dictate the need to feed the hungry and create rituals for almost every life passage around the consumption of food and beverage. Yet, in old age and among those who cannot advocate for themselves, mealtime is medicalized and demoted to an insignificant event without dignity or regard for ...
Kowalski Timothy J - - 2004
Prior work has demonstrated that melanin-concentrating hormone-1 (MCH-1) receptor antagonism decreases food intake and body weight in obese rodents. The purpose of this study was to determine if the MCH-1 receptor antagonist-mediated hypophagia was due a decrease in meal size, meal frequency, or both. We performed a meal pattern analysis ...
Collier George - - 2004
Animals behave in bouts, and the process that causes feeding bouts to end is called satiation. Bout size or, in the case of feeding, meal size is the result both of the costs of food resources and the consequences of consuming a particular resource. Meal size increases as a function ...
Sjöberg A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diet history (DH) method to an estimated 7-day record (7-d) concerning meal pattern and intake of foods, energy and nutrients. DESIGN: After the DH interview, subjects completed the 7-d. SETTING: School setting, Göteborg, Sweden. SUBJECTS: A total of 51 adolescent girls (15-16 y) recruited from 634 ...
Gollub Elizabeth A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence that expanding a home-delivered meals service to include breakfast and lunch would have on the nutritional status and quality of life of at-risk older adults. DESIGN: This cross-sectional field study compared two groups. The breakfast group (n=167) received a home-delivered breakfast and lunch, 5 ...
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