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Results 201 - 250 of 931
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Costa Ana I A - - 2010
Today's ageing population is an ever-increasing, highly diverse group of people wanting to live a healthy and enjoyable life. Seniors increasingly see the importance of eating healthy and delicious food in a pleasant environment in achieving happiness and well-being. Up until now, the food industry has been rather slow in ...
Farhang Borzoo - - 2010
We evaluated the role of the nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NOP) receptor in regulating food intake, meal pattern and the activity of hypothalamic arcuate (ARC) neurons. The microstructural analysis of food intake and meal pattern was performed under both food-deprived and ad libitum conditions. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings were obtained using the ...
Saruwatari Junji - - 2010
Blonanserin is a novel potent dopamine D(2) and serotonin 5-HT(2) antagonist for treating schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate prandial effects on systemic exposure to blonanserin in healthy volunteers, with particular attention paid to the effect of dose timing relative to meal intake. Volunteers received a single ...
Thorsen Anne V - - 2010
To analyse the 5-year sustainability of a worksite canteen intervention of serving more fruit and vegetables (F&V). Average F&V consumption per customer per meal per day was assessed in five worksite canteens by weighing F&V served and subtracting waste. Data were collected by the canteen staff during a 3-week continuous ...
Hanley James A - - 2010
It is widely believed that young children are able to adjust their energy intake across successive meals to compensate for higher or lower intakes at a given meal. This conclusion is based on past observations that although children's intake at individual meals is highly variable, total daily intakes are relatively ...
Patro Bernadeta - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature concerning the relationship between meal patterns and childhood obesity. Literature searches of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library were performed in October 2009 for studies published in the last 18-24 months. RECENT FINDINGS: Available data indicate that not only meal composition but also some ...
Simmons S F - - 2010
Unintentional weight loss is a prevalent and costly clinical problem among nursing home (NH) residents. One of the most common nutrition interventions for residents at risk for weight loss is oral liquid nutrition supplementation. The purpose of this study was to determine the cost effectiveness of supplements relative to offering ...
Kiecolt-Glaser Janice K - - 2010
Inflammation is the common link among the leading causes of death. Mechanistic studies have shown how various dietary components can modulate key pathways to inflammation, including sympathetic activity, oxidative stress, transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB activation, and proinflammatory cytokine production. Behavioral studies have demonstrated that stressful events and depression can also ...
Obeid O A - - 2010
Food intake is believed to be partially controlled by hepatic signals related to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) status. We hypothesized that increased phosphorus content of one meal can stimulate hepatic ATP synthesis of the next meal, which in turn contributes to satiation. This hypothesis was tested by measuring the energy intake ...
Frongillo Edward A - - 2010
For home-delivered meals to have a beneficial impact on older persons, it is important that both delivery of services and use by older persons are adequate. From November 2004 to February 2005, we conducted a random-sample telephone survey of 1505 New York City home-delivered meals recipients, asking them about adequacy ...
Wansink B - - 2010
Portion sizes of foods have been noticably increasing in recent years, but when did this trend begin? If art imitates life and if food portions have been generally increasing with time, we might expect this trend to be reflected in paintings that depict food. Perhaps the most commonly painted meal ...
Brunstrom Jeffrey M - - 2010
Self-selected meals tend to be consumed in their entirety. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about the cognition associated with meal planning. Previously, we have shown that expected satiation is an excellent predictor of the energy content of self-selected meals. In the present study we sought to quantify the extent to ...
Zimmerli Ellen J - - 2010
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by the recurrent consumption of excessive amounts of food (binge eating) followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors. A leading hypothesis is that the persistence of BN may be due, in part, to a disturbance in the development of satiation. Because patients with BN consume larger meals ...
Anton Stephen D SD Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, United States. santon@aging.ufl.edu - - 2010
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages may be one of the dietary causes of metabolic disorders, such as obesity. Therefore, substituting sugar with low calorie sweeteners may be an efficacious weight management strategy. We tested the effect of preloads containing stevia, aspartame, or sucrose on food intake, satiety, and postprandial glucose and ...
Popkin Barry M BM Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA. - - 2010
The design of dietary, metabolic, and intervention studies should reflect the meal patterning of free-living individuals, but this design has not been systematically reviewed recently. Our objective was to examine meal-patterning trends [meals and snacks, termed eating occasions (EOs)] in a sample of US children and adults. This was a ...
Feagans Jacob M - - 2010
Meals ready to eat (MRE) have undergone many revisions of their origins in the trench ration from World War I. The MRE was implemented in 1980. Its design allows extended storage and easy, safe meal preparation. MRE sodium content varies by meal and may range from 1.6 g/meal to 2.3 ...
Farajian Paul - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a preload including dried prunes consumed as a snack before a meal, compared to an isoenergetic and equal weighed bread product preload would: (a) have greater short-term effect on satiety measured by subsequent ad libitum meal intake, (b) induce ...
Atalayer Deniz - - 2010
Demand functions describe the relationship between the consumption of a commodity and its mean or unit price. In the first experiment, we analyzed food demand in two strains of mice (C57BL/6 and DBA/2) that differ on several behavioral dimensions, but have not been examined extensively for differences in feeding and ...
Brunstrom Jeffrey M - - 2010
Expected satiation (the extent to which a food is expected to deliver fullness) is an excellent predictor of self-selected portion size (kcal). Here, we explored the prospect that expected satiation changes over time. Fifty-eight participants evaluated expected satiation in eight test foods (including two 'candidate' foods: sushi and muesli) and ...
Kim Seok-Young - - 2010
The aim of this study was to provide descriptive information on meal and snack patterns and to investigate snacks in relation to energy intake and food choice according to the meal patterns of employed people in Korea. 683 employed people (292 males, 391 females) were interviewed to collect one day ...
Lassen Anne D - - 2010
Nutrition evaluation tools should be developed both for scientific purposes and to encourage and facilitate healthy nutritional practices. The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate a simple food-based Healthy Meal Index (HMI) reflecting the nutritional profile of individual canteen meals. The development process included overall model ...
Cornier Marc-Andre - - 2010
Sex-based differences in food intake related behaviors have been observed previously. The objective of this study was to examine sex-based differences in the behavioral and neuronal responses to food. 22 women and 21 men were studied. After 6 days of controlled eucaloric feeding, ad libitum energy intake (EI) was measured ...
Olumakaiye M F - - 2010
Association between nutritional status of adolescents and food consumption pattern. Data on number of meals and snacks consumed daily were collected using structured questionnaires. Nutritional status was assessed as weight-for-age body mass index score less than fifth percentile of the National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization International Growth Reference. ...
Domingues E C - - 2010
The prevalence of allergy in patients with Menière's disease was established as approximately 41.6% for inhalants and 26.6% for food. These are elevated values in relation to the prevalence of allergy in the general population, which varies from 9% to 30% for inhalants (in Brazil) and from 1% to 3% ...
Six Bethany L - - 2010
Mobile telephones with an integrated camera can provide a unique mechanism for collecting dietary information that reduces burden on record-keepers. Objectives for this study were to test whether participant's proficiency with the mobile telephone food record improved after training and repeated use and to measure changes in perceptions regarding use ...
Demas Antonia - - 2010
In light of the rise in childhood obesity rates and the influence of the food system on fossil fuel use, this article analyzes current school meals in Baltimore and makes suggestions for school meal reform based on both childhood nutrition and environmental resource use. The nutrient content and estimated energy ...
Rasmussen Lone Banke - - 2010
A high salt (=NaCl) intake is associated with high blood pressure, and knowledge of salt content in food and meals is important, if the salt intake has to be decreased in the general population. To determine the salt content in worksite canteen meals and fast food. For the first part ...
Barr Sadie B - - 2010
Empirical evidence has shown that rising obesity rates closely parallel the increased consumption of processed foods (PF) consumption in USA. Differences in postprandial thermogenic responses to a whole-food (WF) meal vs. a PF meal may be a key factor in explaining obesity trends, but currently there is limited research exploring ...
Dahl Lassen Anne - - 2010
In recent years new applications of technologies, including digital images, to capture dietary behaviour in real time have been explored. To validate a digital method for estimating evening meal intake in a free-living adult population, and to examine the feasibility of the method for recording evening meal intake over a ...
Valeur Jørgen - - 2010
Enterometabolic disturbances may cause meal-related symptoms. We performed a functional evaluation of the intestinal microflora in patients with unexplained, self-reported food hypersensitivity by measuring fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Thirty-five consecutive patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity and 15 healthy volunteers of similar age, gender, and body mass index collected all ...
Hsu Cynthia T - - 2010
The ability to sense time and anticipate events is a critical skill in nature. Most efforts to understand the neural and molecular mechanisms of anticipatory behavior in rodents rely on daily restricted food access, which induces a robust increase of locomotor activity in anticipation of daily meal time. Interestingly, rats ...
LaCombe Alison - - 2010
Glycemic load (GL) is the product of glycemic index of a food and amount of available carbohydrate in that food divided by 100. GL represents quality and quantity of dietary carbohydrate. Little is known about the role of GL in hunger, satiety, and food intake in preschool children. The aim ...
Péneau Sandrine - - 2009
Environmental conditions influence meal size in adults and children. Intake of sweet drinks could contribute significantly to energy intake and potentially affect body weight, particularly in young individuals. The objectives of the present study were to measure the lunch intake of food and drinks under controlled laboratory settings in teenagers ...
Schwartz Gary J - - 2010
The caudal brainstem lies at a critical nexus in the neural hierarchy that helps determine the negative feedback control of ingestion. It is the first central nervous system site that receives neural input from vagal and nonvagal visceral afferents that convey not only meal-related signals from postoral sites reflecting chemical, ...
Vahl Torsten P - - 2010
Animals anticipating a meal initiate a series of responses enabling them to better cope with the meal's metabolic impact. These responses, such as cephalic insulin, occur prior to the onset of ingestion and are especially evident in animals maintained on a meal-feeding schedule with limited but predictable access to food ...
Danielli Barbara - - 2010
In non-food-deprived rats a palatable meal induces a transient increase in dopamine output in the prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens shell and core; habituation to this response develops with a second palatable meal, selectively in the shell, unless animals are food-deprived. A palatable meal also induces time-dependent modifications in the ...
Dharod Jigna Morarji - - 2009
To examine the association of microbial contamination of the meal preparer's hands with microbial status of food and kitchen/utensil surfaces during home preparation of a "Chicken and Salad" meal. Observational home food safety assessment. Before starting meal preparation, participants' hands were tested to estimate total bacterial and coliform counts and ...
Chapelot Didier - - 2010
In the context of epidemic obesity, satiety is an important target for nutritional interventions. Using a multidimensional approach, we compared the effect on satiety of two food products frequently consumed in France by young adults as a small mid-afternoon meal called the 'go?ter'. Participants were eighteen healthy young males (aged ...
Kristensen Mette - - 2010
Wholegrain foods have received much attention in recent years, and have been proposed to play a role in energy regulation through lowering of postprandial glycemia and appetite. This randomized crossover single meal study in 16 young adults was conducted to test the effect of iso-caloric meals based on wholemeal wheat ...
Wansink Brian - - 2010
What determines whether a person perceives an eating occasion as a meal or snack? The answer may influence what and how much they eat on that occasion and over the remainder of the day. A survey of 122 participants indicated that they used food cues (such as the food quality, ...
Bellisle France - - 2009
Numerous health benefits have been attributed to the 'Mediterranean diet' over the last decades. Selecting foods that were common in the Mediterranean regions (especially Crete) in the 1970s, with a frequent and abundant intake of fruit, vegetables, fish, olive oil and perhaps wine, has been reported to be associated with ...
Booth David A - - 2009
Investigators of appetite for food have been tricked into the twin illusions that ratings of the disposition to eat are subjective and amounts eaten at meals are objective. The reality is the opposite. Making a mark on a continuous or broken line specified by two levels of what the rater ...
Booth David A - - 2009
The current strength of a person's appetite for food can be observed in any graded expression of the disposition to take a mouthful of food. For this quantitative judgment to measure an influence on hunger/satiety, however, the source of that influence has to be varied independently of other influences at ...
Kral Tanja V E - - 2010
Increasing the portion size of energy-dense entrées has been shown to increase children's energy intake during a meal. It remains to be investigated whether serving larger portions to children can be used to promote intake of more healthful foods, such as fruits and vegetables (F&V). The aim of the present ...
Leidy Heather J - - 2010
Data are limited concerning the dietary factors that influence appetite control in older adults. This study examined the effects of food form and portion size on appetite in 43 older adults (age: 72 +/- 1 years; BMI: 25.6 +/- 0.3 kg/m(2)). Subjects were assigned to groups based on portion size ...
Bellisle France - - 2009
In a previous study, we observed that the level of dietary restraint in normal-weight women moderated the stimulating effect of environmental stimuli on meal intake. The present study was designed to confirm and extend this observation. The influence of factors previously shown to affect meal size was investigated: presence of ...
Hiesmayr M - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is a known risk factor for the development of complications in hospitalised patients. We determined whether eating only fractions of the meals served is an independent risk factor for mortality. METHODS: The NutritionDay is a multinational one-day cross-sectional survey of nutritional factors and food intake in ...
Brunstrom Jeffrey M - - 2009
The availability of highly palatable food is thought to stimulate the selection of larger meals (leading to weight gain and obesity). In this article, we explore aspects of this proposition. Specifically, we scrutinize two basic assumptions: (i) palatable energy-dense foods are more rewarding (desired), and (ii) these palatable foods are ...
Ray C - - 2009
Among adults, a stronger sense of coherence (SOC) seems to promote a better coping with strain and is associated with healthier behaviours, including eating patterns. The parents' SOC may also have a wider effect on the health behaviour of their children. The aim of this study is to determine whether ...
Woods Stephen C - - 2009
To meet the continuous demand for energy, organisms use diverse signals to match food intake with energy needs. This paper reviews the effect of satiation signals and adiposity signals on food intake, including how they interact in the brain and how their influence changes with experience. Whereas meal initiation is ...
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