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Centner T J TJ Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, 30602 - - 2014
Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved ractopamine hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride in animal feeds, usage of those compounds has been a topic of worldwide debate. Ractopamine and zilpaterol are beta-adrenergic agonists used as veterinary drugs to increase weight gain in certain animals raised for food. The Joint FAO/WHO ...
Hu Jigang J Thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University off Engineering, Handan, Hebei, 056002, - - 2014
This paper discusses the different stages of normal esophageal's developing to esophageal cancer, and the difference among dietary patterns of patients with esophageal cancer and acceptable daily intake of vitamin A, E and beta carotene intake in diet. This paper takes advantage of food composition table, calculates the intake amount ...
Rebello Candida J - - 2014
Foods that enhance satiety can help consumers to resist environmental cues to eat, and improve the nutritional quality of their diets. Viscosity generated by oat beta-glucan, influences gastrointestinal mechanisms that mediate satiety. Differences in the source, processing treatments, and interactions with other constituents in the food matrix affect the amount, ...
Somers Julia - - 2014
Food involvement is concerned with the involvement people have in the preparation and consumption of food. Little is known about older people's food involvement or about the factors which may influence it. Therefore the main aim of this study was to examine food involvement and its associations among older Australians. ...
Mendoza Jason A JA 1General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle WA, USA; 2Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA; 3Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Center of Excellence, Gaborone, Botswana; and 4Retrovirology and the 5Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2014
We investigated the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and CD4% among 2-6 year old HIV+ outpatients (n=78) at the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Center of Excellence in Gaborone, Botswana. HFI was assessed by a validated survey. CD4% data were abstracted from the medical record. We used multiple linear regression with ...
Sarookhani Mohammad-Reza MR Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran. - - 2014
Background: The present study examined the possible role of endogenous opioidergic system in effect of food deprivation on formalin-induced nociceptive behaviors in male and female rats. Also, we investigated the effect of food deprivation on the plasma level of beta-endorphin and sex hormones. Methods: Food was withdrawn 48 h prior ...
Amagloh Francis Kweku - - 2014
White maize, which is widely used for complementary feeding and is seldom fortified at the household level, may be associated with the high prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among infants in low-income countries. The nutrient composition of complementary foods based on orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) and cream-fleshed sweet potato (CFSP), ...
Lee Haeng-Shin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to provide baseline data for health policy creation by estimating phytonutrient intake and identifying major food sources of phytonutrients. Dietary recall data collected in the 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and phytonutrient database of the Korea National Academy of Agricultural Science ...
Ninfali Paolino - - 2013
Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris cicla, BVc) and beetroot (Beta Vulgaris rubra, BVr) are vegetables of the Chenopodiaceae family, widely consumed in traditional western cooking. These vegetables represent a highly renewable and cheap source of nutrients. They can be cultivated in soils with scarce organic material and little light and water. ...
Jin Youri - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a rare progressive neurodegenerative disease, has been suggested to have an association with oxidative stress, and thus antioxidant dietary factors may influence pathophysiological mechanisms or the risk of ALS. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that intake of fruits, rich ...
Athanassiou Christos G - - 2013
The insecticidal effect of Temprid, a formulation that contains beta-cyfluthrin and imidacloprid, was tested on concrete for control of seven stored-product insect species: the rusty grain beetle, Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens); the sawtoothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.); the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst); the confused flour beetle, T. confusum ...
Jabłonowska-Lietz Beata - - 2013
The health benefits arising from antioxidant vitamins A, C and E are well recognised and their recommended dietary intake for the general population have been established. However, there is still a need for assessing antioxidant vitamin intake in different population groups. To assess intake of antioxidant vitamins: A, C, E ...
Hendrie Gilly - - 2013
The family food environment is an important influence in the development of children's dietary habits. Research suggests that influences of current dietary behaviour and behaviour change may differ. The aims of this paper were to: (1) investigate the association between the food environment at baseline and change in children's saturated ...
Souganidis Ellie - - 2013
Vitamin A deficiency continues to be an international public health problem with several important health consequences including blindness and overall increased rates of morbidity and mortality. To address this widespread issue, a series of strategies have been put into place from dietary diversification to supplementation and fortification programs. Retinyl palmitate ...
Vioque Jesús J Departamento de Salud Pública, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Ctra, Nacional 332 s/n 03550, Campus San Juan de Alicante, Spain. - - 2013
Studies exploring the role of diet during pregnancy are still scarce, in part due to the complexity of measuring diet and to the lack of valid instruments. The aim of this study was to examine the reproducibility and validity (against biochemical biomarkers) of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in ...
Tang Guangwen - - 2012
Dietary β-carotene is the most important precursor of vitamin A. However, the determination of the efficiency of in vivo conversion of β-carotene to vitamin A requires sensitive and safe techniques. It presents the following challenges: 1) circulating β-carotene concentration cannot be altered by eating a meal containing ≤6 mg β-carotene; ...
Haskell Marjorie J - - 2012
β-Carotene is an important dietary source of vitamin A for humans. However, the bioavailability and vitamin A equivalency of β-carotene are highly variable and can be affected by food- and diet-related factors, including the food matrix, food-processing techniques, size of the dose of β-carotene, and the amounts of dietary fat, ...
Shu Xiaoli - - 2012
Barley is primarily grown for feed and malt, but in some regions of the world it is also considered to be a staple food. Some barley types such as high-amylose barley have also gained importance as health-promoting foods. Starch that is not readily digested in the upper mammalian gastro-intestinal system, ...
Minkiewicz Piotr - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of hexapeptide fragments considered as epitopes of Baltic cod parvalbumin beta (allergen Gad c 1) in the universal proteome. Cod (Gadus morhua subsp. callarias) parvalbumin hexapeptides cataloged in the Immune Epitope Database were used as query sequences. The UniProt database ...
Palonen Eveliina - - 2012
The expression of csdA, encoding an RNA helicase, was induced at 3°C in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. The role of CsdA in Y. pseudotuberculosis under cold conditions was confirmed by impaired growth of insertional csdA mutants at 3°C. The results suggest that CsdA is crucial for Y. pseudotuberculosis survival in the chilled ...
Deng Xiangyu - - 2012
It is well recognized that Salmonella can survive long-term starvation and desiccation stresses and contaminate foods that have intermediate to low water activities; however, little is known about the specific molecular mechanisms underlying its survival and persistence in low water activity foods. In this study, we used the RNA-seq approach ...
Mohammadifard Noushin - - 2011
This study's aim was to design and validate a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for assessment of fruits and vegetables (FV) consumption in adults of Isfahan by comparing the FFQ with dietary reference method and blood plasma levels of beta-carotene, vitamin C, and retinol. This validation study was performed on ...
Verhagen Linda A W - - 2011
Using the rodent activity-based anorexia (ABA) model that mimics clinical features of anorexia nervosa that include food restriction-induced hyperlocomotion, we found that plasma ghrelin levels are highly associated with food anticipatory behaviour, measured by running wheel activity in rats. Furthermore, we showed that ghrelin receptor (GHS-R1A) knockout mice do not ...
Angioloni Alessandro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Multicereal/pseudocereal blends based on major and minor seeds with high nutritional profile appear as a promising strategy, hardly explored, to obtain enhanced value grain-based foods such as bread. RESULTS: In a preliminary stage the suitability of minor/ancient cereals (rye, oat, Kamut(®) wheat, spelt wheat) and pseudocereals (buckwheat) was assessed ...
Ogunsina B S - - 2011
The effects of replacing wheat flour with 0-15% debittered moringa seed (DBMS) flour on the dough rheology of wheat flour and physical, sensory and chemical properties of bread were studied. Incorporation of an increasing amount of DBMS from 0 to 15% decreased farinograph water absorption, dough stability, amylograph peak viscosity ...
Ventimiglia Jeff - - 2010
In this article, the authors explore trends in intended usage of atypical antipsychotics to treat dementia following the United States Food and Drug Administration advisory safety warning issued in April 2005. Analysis suggests that physician-reported intended usage of antipsychotics to treat dementia has declined by nearly 50 percent over the ...
Shioda S - - 2011
The hypothalamus has a critical role in the regulation of feeding behavior, energy metabolism and reproduction. Galanin-like peptide (GALP), a novel 60 amino-acid peptide with a nonamidated C-terminus, was first discovered in porcine hypothalamus. GALP is mainly produced in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and is involved in the regulation of ...
Dickson S L - - 2010
Here we sought to determine whether ghrelin's central effects on food intake can be interrupted by nicotine acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) blockade. Ghrelin regulates mesolimbic dopamine neurons projecting from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens, partly via cholinergic VTA afferents originating in the laterodorsal tegmental area (LDTg). Given ...
King James A - - 2011
Swimming may stimulate appetite and food intake but empirical data are lacking. This study examined appetite, food intake, and plasma acylated ghrelin responses to swimming. Fourteen healthy males completed a swimming trial and a control trial in a random order. Sixty min after breakfast participants swam for 60 min and then ...
Chaldakov George N - - 2010
Adipose tissue is a dynamic endocrine and paracrine organ producing a large number of signalling proteins collectively termed adipokines. Some of them are mediators in the cross-talk between adipose tissue and the brain in regulating food intake and energy homoeostasis. However, the hypothalamus is not the only brain target for ...
Sun J-Y - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the anorectic mechanism of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in rats. Intraperitoneal injection of CGRP (50 μg/kg) resulted in decline (p < 0.05) in the food intake of rats at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 h in comparison with saline control. Compared with ...
Gardiner J V JV Department of Investigative Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, London, - - 2010
Cerebellin1 (Cbln1) is highly expressed in the hypothalamus, a region of the brain involved in appetite regulation. However, the effects of Cbn1 on food intake are not known. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Cbln1 on appetite regulation in rats. We determined the effect of (i) intracerebroventricular ...
Stephan Michael - - 2011
The underlying mechanisms controlling food intake and satiety are thoroughly controlled, but seem to be insufficient under conditions of almost unlimited food supply. Hence, overweight and obesity are serious problems especially in industrialized countries. To assess the possible influence of CD26, exerting a dipeptidyl peptidase activity (DPP4) cleaving several energy ...
Alponti Rafaela Fadoni - - 2011
Protein (western blotting) and gene (PCR) expressions, catalytic activity of puromycin-insensitive membrane-bound neutral aminopeptidase (APM/CD13) and in situ regional distribution of CD13 and FOS immunoreactivity (ir) were evaluated in the hypothalamus of monosodium glutamate obese (MSG) and/or food deprived (FD) rats in order to investigate their possible interplay with metabolic ...
Geraedts M C P - - 2011
This review discusses the role of enteroendocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract as chemoreceptors that sense intraluminal contents and induce changes in food intake through the release of signalling substances, such as satiety hormones. Recent evidence supports the concept that chemosensing in the gut involves G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that ...
Leslie Colin P - - 2010
A novel series of trans-8-aminomethyl-1-oxa-3-azaspiro[4.5]decan-2-one derivatives was identified with potent NPY Y5 antagonist activity. Optimization of the original lead furnished compounds 23p and 23u, which combine sub-nanomolar Y5 activity with metabolic stability, oral bioavailability, brain penetration and strong preclinical profile for development. Both compounds significantly inhibited the food intake induced ...
Piccinetti Chiara Carla - - 2010
Melatonin is the hormonal mediator of photoperiodic information to the central nervous system in vertebrates and allows the regulation of energy homeostasis through the establishment of a proper balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of melatonin in appetite central ...
Van Der Kolk Nicole - - 2010
Alarin is a newly identified member of the galanin family of neuropeptides that includes galanin-like peptide (GALP) and galanin. Alarin was discovered as an alternate transcript of the GALP gene in neuroblastoma cells, and subsequently alarin mRNA was detected in the brain of rodents. GALP and galanin are important central ...
Mennigen Jan A - - 2010
Fluoxetine (FLX) is one of the most commonly detected pharmaceuticals in wastewater and bioaccumulates in wild-caught fish, especially in brain, liver and muscle tissues. Previous studies indicated that FLX is pharmacologically active in fish species exerting anorexigenic effects, but it is not clear whether waterborne FLX has any potential effects ...
Michopoulos Vasiliki V Division of Psychobiology, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. - - 2010
Animals chronically exposed to stressors with access to diets high in fat and sugar consume and prefer these diets, a result consistent with the association between stress and comfort food ingestion in humans. As social subordination in rhesus monkeys provides an ethologically relevant translational model of psychosocial stress, we tested ...
Sato Takahiro - - 2011
Ghrelin is a hormone that mediates a variety of physiological roles, such as stimulating appetite, initiating food intake, and modulating energy metabolism. Although it has been reported that a bolus injection of ghrelin decreases blood pressure, the effect of continuous ghrelin administration on vasoregulation has yet to be determined. We ...
Akimoto Saeko - - 2010
Aging is associated with a progressive decrease in appetite and food intake. The reasons for the decline in food intake are multifactorial, and relate to both peripheral and central mechanisms. Current studies about the regulation of food intake suggest that there are many central mediators that control the appetite. To ...
Bradley Sean P SP Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2010
Animals living in temperate climates with predictable seasonal changes in food availability may use seasonal information to engage different metabolic strategies. Siberian hamsters decrease costs of thermoregulation during winter by reducing food intake and body mass in response to decreasing or short-day lengths (SD). These experiments examined whether SD reduction ...
Toriya M - - 2010
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in learning, depression and energy metabolism. However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying the effects of BDNF on energy metabolism remain unclear. The present study aimed to elucidate the neuronal pathways by which BDNF controls feeding behaviour and energy balance. Using an osmotic mini-pump, BDNF ...
Sears Robert M RM Department of Psychiatry, Ribicoff Research Facilities, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06508, - - 2010
The lateral hypothalamus and the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) are brain regions important for food intake. The AcbSh contains high levels of receptor for melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH), a lateral hypothalamic peptide critical for feeding and metabolism. MCH receptor (MCHR1) activation in the AcbSh increases food intake, while AcbSh MCHR1 blockade ...
Toshinai Koji - - 2010
Neuroendocrine regulatory peptide (NERP)-1 and NERP-2 are derived from distinct regions of VGF, a neurosecretory protein. Vgf(-/-) mice exhibit dwarfism and hypermetabolic rates, suggesting that VGF or VGF-derived peptides play important roles in energy metabolism. Here, we examined the role of NERPs in the central regulation of feeding and energy ...
Katayama S - - 2010
In order to determine if orexins affect arousal in neonatal chicks, we intracerebroventricularly (ICV) injected either orexin-A or orexin-B to layer and broiler type chicks (Gallus gallus) and measured their behaviors and food intake following injection. Layer chicks treated with orexin-A at 0.2 and 2.0 nmol had increased arousal but ...
Currie Paul J - - 2010
Ghrelin microinjections into discrete regions of the hypothalamus, including the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), stimulate eating and promote carbohydrate oxidation, effects similar to PVN microinjection of neuropeptide Y (NPY). We have also reported that NPY's orexigenic and metabolic effects are antagonized by pretreatment with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) or 5-HT receptor agonists. In ...
Valdés José Luis - - 2010
Obtaining food, shelter or water, or finding a mating partner are examples of motivated behaviors, which are essential to preserve the species. The full expression of such behaviors requires a high but optimal arousal state. We tested the idea that tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) histamine neurons are crucial to generate such ...
Disse Emmanuel - - 2010
AIMS: Ghrelin is one of the most potent orexigens known to date. While the prevailing view is that ghrelin participates in the homeostatic control of feeding, the question arose as to whether consummatory responses evoked by this compound could be related to search for reward. We therefore attempted to delineate ...
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