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Pućko Monika - - 2014
We show 2008 seasonal trends of total and mono-methyl mercury (THg and MeHg, respectively) in herbivorous (Calanus hyperboreus) and predatory (Chaetognaths, Paraeuchaeta glacialis and Themisto abyssorum) zooplankton species from the Canadian High Arctic (Amundsen Gulf and the Canadian Beaufort Sea) in relation to ambient seawater and diet. It has recently ...
Villarroel Walker R R Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Urban areas are considered net consumers of materials and energy, attracting these from the surrounding hinterland and other parts of the planet. The way these flows are transformed and returned to the environment by the city is important for addressing questions of sustainability and the effect of human behavior on ...
Reardon Thomas T School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China; Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan; International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington - - 2014
There is a rapid transformation afoot in the rice value chain in Asia. The upstream is changing quickly-farmers are undertaking capital-led intensification and participating in burgeoning markets for land rental, fertilizer and pesticides, irrigation water, and seed, and shifting from subsistence to small commercialized farms; in some areas landholdings are ...
Wang Biao B State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, Key Laboratory of Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Plants of Northwest China, Ministry of Agriculture of China, College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, The People's Republic of - - 2014
Rapid increases in human populations provide a great challenge to ensure that adequate quantities of food are available. Sustainable development of agricultural production by breeding more productive cultivars and by increasing the productive potential of existing cultivars can help meet this demand. The present paper provides information on the potential ...
Struben Jeroen J Desautels Faculty of Management, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
This paper presents a system dynamics policy model of nutritional food market transformation, tracing over-time interactions between the nutritional quality of supply, consumer food choice, population health, and governmental policy. Applied to the Canadian context and with body mass index as the primary outcome, we examine policy portfolios for obesity ...
Carlsson Pernilla P a University Centre in Svalbard , Longyearbyen , - - 2014
Enantiomeric fractions (EF) are today considered a powerful tool to elucidate selective uptake processes of chiral contaminants in biota. In this study, concentration levels and EF were determined by gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC/MS) for α-hexachlorocyclohexane (α-HCH) and trans-, cis-, and oxychlordane in selected Greenlandic traditional food items, collected at the ...
Villasante Sebastián - - 2013
In this paper we examine the effect of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on the level of fish intake in China in comparison with the rest of the world. We also analyse the origin and destination of China's seafood products in order to understand the main patterns during the last decades. ...
Thera Jennifer C - - 2013
Total mercury (Hg) and stable isotopes of nitrogen (δ(15) N) were measured in samples from 57 species of invertebrates (17 species) and finfish (40 species) from the coastal waters off Southwest Florida to evaluate the biomagnification of mercury through the food web. Mercury concentrations (wet weight) and δ(15) N values ...
Ashiuchi Makoto - - 2013
Poly-γ-glutamate (PGA), a novel polyamide material with industrial applications, possesses a nylon-like backbone, is structurally similar to polyacrylic acid, is biodegradable and is safe for human consumption. PGA is frequently found in the mucilage of natto, a Japanese traditional fermented food. To date, three different types of PGA, namely a ...
Lupi R - - 2013
Wheat kernel albumins/globulins (A/G) and gluten proteins are responsible for baker's asthma and food allergy in atopic subjects. Although no commercial genetically modified wheats are currently being grown, they are under study and the allergenicity of GM products is a major concern. In order to establish the expected and unexpected ...
Liao E C - - 2013
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) provide modern agriculture with improvements in efficiency and the benefits of enhanced food production; however, the potential impact of GMOs on human health has not yet been clarified. To investigate the allergenicity of isopentenyltransferase (ipt)-transformed broccoli compared with non-GM broccoli. Sera from allergic individuals were used ...
Li Yuejiao - - 2013
Terrain plays a critical role in the selection of cropland. As a physical and geographical element of the landscape, terrain is an important limiting factor in land use change and has a strong influence on human activities. The objectives of this study are to investigate the topographic characteristics of cropland-related ...
Taniwaki Mitsuru - - 2012
The cervical auscultation method was applied to investigate sounds generated while swallowing various foods with unique physical properties, including liquid (water), semiliquid (yogurt), and solid (konjac jelly). To study the differences among swallowing sounds for various foods, fast Fourier transform (FFT) analysis was applied to signals that were attributed to ...
Tian Yaoqi - - 2013
In this study, the high-amylose corn starch-cinnamaldehyde inclusion complex was prepared by an ultrasound treatment and its releasing characteristic was investigated. The results showed that the ultrasound treatment (35°C, 10min and 250W) generated a higher encapsulation rate of 40.2% than the conventional treatment (encapsulation rate, 5.7%). Data obtained from Fourier-transform ...
Ingram T - - 2012
Conceptual models of adaptive radiation predict that competitive interactions among species will result in an early burst of speciation and trait evolution followed by a slowdown in diversification rates. Empirical studies often show early accumulation of lineages in phylogenetic trees, but usually fail to detect early bursts of phenotypic evolution. ...
da Costa Lauria Dejanira - - 2012
This paper focuses on a survey of uranium and thorium decay chain radionuclides in food and drinking water from the thorium-rich (monazite-bearing) region of Buena, which is located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The radionuclide concentration values in the food and drinking water from Buena reached values ...
Goertz R S - - 2012
Purpose: Since acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastometry is an increasingly popular method for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, we investigated factors possibly influencing hepatic elastometric measurements. Materials and Methods: 30 healthy volunteers (17 females, 13 males) were recruited. The shear wave velocity of the right liver lobe ...
Al-Othman Abdulaziz M - - 2012
Concentrations of selenium (Se) in food from local markets of Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) were measured and daily intake calculated based on information from a questionnaire of foods eaten by healthy Saudis. The daily intake of Se was then compared to concentrations of Se in blood serum. Primary ...
Harvey Thomas H P - - 2012
The early history of crustaceans is obscured by strong biases in fossil preservation, but a previously overlooked taphonomic mode yields important complementary insights. Here we describe diverse crustacean appendages of Middle and Late Cambrian age from shallow-marine mudstones of the Deadwood Formation in western Canada. The fossils occur as flattened ...
Gutiérrez Orlando M - - 2012
Higher serum phosphorus concentrations are associated with cardiovascular disease events and mortality. Low socioeconomic status is linked with higher serum phosphorus concentration, but the reasons are unclear. Poor individuals disproportionately consume inexpensive processed foods commonly enriched with phosphorus-based food preservatives. Accordingly, we hypothesized that excess intake of these foods accounts ...
Giosan Liviu - - 2012
Over the last century humans have altered the export of fluvial materials leading to significant changes in morphology, chemistry, and biology of the coastal ocean. Here we present sedimentary, paleoenvironmental and paleogenetic evidence to show that the Black Sea, a nearly enclosed marine basin, was affected by land use long ...
Aguirre Cesar - - 2012
Chan (Hyptis suaveolens L.) seeds have been used as food as well as in traditional medicine in several countries of America, Asia and Africa. Chan seed protein content was 13.9% on dry weight basis. Analysis of its protein composition showed 39% globulins, 36% glutelins, 24% albumins, and 1% prolamins. By ...
Trnovec Tomáš - - 2011
Investigators have typically relied on a single or few discrete time points as measures of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) body burden, however health effects are more likely to be the result of integrative exposure in time, optionally expressed as an area under the time curve (AUC) of PCB serum concentration. Using ...
Fragua Víctor - - 2011
Tryptophan, a precursor of important molecules such as serotonin, melatonin and niacin, is an essential amino acid for dogs. In pigs, tryptophan supplementation has been shown to induce a significant increase in food intake. The aim of the present study was to assess whether long-term tryptophan supplementation increases voluntary food ...
Scheelings Tf - - 2011
Objective  The aims of this study were to determine baseline reference intervals for haematological and serum biochemical parameters in lace monitors, and to examine whether such values were influenced by capture method, expected differences in habitat food resource availability and a lizard's body size and body condition. Methods  Thirty-three wild ...
Semba R D - - 2012
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, diabetes and kidney disease. The objective was to describe dietary intake, the dominant source of exposure to AGEs, with carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), a major AGE, in serum and urine, respectively. Serum and urinary CML were measured in 261 adults, ...
Lee Cheetin Christine - - 2012
The present study examined the association between fish consumption and nephropathy in American Indians. In the family cohort of the Strong Heart Study, we investigated 2,261 participants with baseline examination between 2001 and 2003 and follow-up examination between 2006 and 2008. The average follow-up period was 5.4 years. We defined ...
Kusano Motoyasu - - 2011
It has been suggested that there could be three possible mechanisms of gastric dysfunction in patients with FD: (i) delayed gastric emptying, (ii) impaired gastric accommodation of food intake, and (iii) hypersensitivity to gastric distention. Postprandial fullness seems to be the most severe symptom in patients who report aggravation of ...
Janssen P - - 2011
Background  From a classical point of view, gastric motility acts to clear the stomach between meals, whereas postprandial motility acts to provide a reservoir for food, mixing and grinding the food and to assure a controlled flow of food to the intestines. Aim  To summarise findings that support the role ...
Abou-Samra Rania - - 2011
Because the source of protein may play a role in its satiating effect, we investigated the effect of different proteins on satiation and short-term satiety. Two randomized single-blind cross-over studies were completed. In the first study, we investigated the effect of a preload containing 20 g of casein, whey, pea ...
Engelmann Nancy J - - 2011
Epidemiological studies suggest an inverse relationship between tomato consumption and serum and tissue lycopene (LYC) levels with risk of some chronic diseases, including several cancers and cardiovascular disease. LYC, the red carotenoid found in tomatoes, is often considered to be the primary bioactive carotenoid in tomatoes that mediates health benefits, ...
Renier Sandra - - 2011
The opportunistic and facultative intracellular pathogenic bacterium Listeria monocytogenes causes a rare but severe foodborne disease called listeriosis, the outcome of which can be fatal. The infection cycle and key virulence factors are now well characterized in this species. Nonetheless, this knowledge has not prevented the re-emergence of listeriosis, as ...
Messelhäusser Ute - - 2011
Yersinia enterocolitica is a major foodborne pathogen and the third most important bacteriological cause of diarrhea in Germany. However, studies investigating the occurrence of human pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in food at the retail level are very rare. Most of the studies published so far show qualitative but not quantitative data ...
Guevara Leymaya - - 2011
Stochastic models are useful for estimating the risk of foodborne illness and they can be integrated, besides other sources of variability, into microbial risk assessment. A stochastic approach to evaluate growth of two strains of Listeria monocytogenes influenced by different factors affecting microbial growth (pH and storage temperature) was performed. ...
Tromp S O - - 2010
Quantitative microbial risk assessments do not usually account for the planning and ordering mechanisms (logistics) of a food supply chain. These mechanisms and consumer demand determine the storage and delay times of products. The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess the difference between simulating supply chain logistics (MOD) ...
Soni K A - - 2010
Lauric arginate (LAE) at concentrations of 200 ppm and 800 ppm was evaluated for its effectiveness in reducing cold growth of Listeria monocytogenes in whole milk, skim milk, and Queso Fresco cheese (QFC) at 4°C for 15 to 28 d. Use of 200 ppm of LAE reduced 4 log cfu/mL ...
Couvert Olivier - - 2010
A stochastic modelling approach was developed to describe the distribution of Listeria monocytogenes contamination in foods throughout their shelf life. This model was designed to include the main sources of variability leading to a scattering of natural contaminations observed in food portions: the variability of the initial contamination, the variability ...
Ueda Shigeko - - 2010
The VIDAS Listeria monocytogenes II (LMO2) method, which is an automated enzyme-linked fluorescent immunoassay (ELFA), was used for rapidly, specifically and sensitively detecting L. monocytogenes in food samples. All 31 L. monocytogenes strains examined gave positive results. The other bacterial species except Salmonella showed completely negative results, but it was ...
Chen Bang-Yuan - - 2010
Incidence of Listeria spp. in whole raw catfish, catfish fillets, and processing environments from two catfish processing facilities was determined in August 2008 and August 2009. Thirty-nine (18.4%) of 212 samples collected in August 2008 were positive for Listeria monocytogenes. Prevalences of Listeria species L. innocua and L. seeligeri-L. welshimeri-L. ...
Larsen Marianne Halberg - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate how various growth conditions influence the virulence of Listeria monocytogenes monitored by its ability to invade the epithelial cell lines Caco-2 and INT-407. The growth conditions examined were modified atmosphere-packaged deli meat and brain heart infusion broth (BHI) with and without salt. ...
Ohk S H - - 2010
To develop antibody-aptamer functionalized fibre-optic biosensor for specific detection of Listeria monocytogenes from food products. Aptamer, a single-stranded oligonucleotide ligand that displays affinity for the target molecule, was used in the assay to provide sensor specificity. Aptamer-A8, specific for internalin A, an invasive protein of L. monocytogenes, was used in ...
van der Veen Stijn - - 2010
The food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is able to form biofilms in food processing environments. Since biofilms are generally difficult to eradicate during clean-up procedures, they pose a major risk for the food industry. Stress resistance mechanisms involved in L. monocytogenes biofilm formation and disinfectant resistance have, to our knowledge, not ...
Trajković-Pavlović Ljiljana - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: According to the literature that has been published over the last two decades Campylobacter spp i Listeria monocitogens can be identified as causes of numerous diseases derived by consuming food of animal origin. The purpose of this paper was to find out how established national microbiological criteria of the ...
Meldrum R J - - 2010
A survey of Listeria in ready-to-eat food took place in Wales, United Kingdom, between February 2008 and January 2009. In total, 5,840 samples were taken and examined for the presence of Listeria species, including L. monocytogenes. Samples were tested using detection and enumeration methods, and the results were compared with ...
Timbo Babgaleh B - - 2010
Imported foods must meet the same U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards as domestic foods. The FDA determines whether an imported food is in compliance with the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Pursuant to its regulatory activities, the FDA conducts compliance surveillance on imported foods offered for entry ...
Schvartzman M S - - 2010
To determine growth initiation differences of Listeria monocytogenes between a cheesemaking context, milk and tryptic soy broth (TSB). A laboratory-scale cheese was made with a mix of two strains of L. monocytogenes at four initial pH values, five water activity (a(w)) values and two contamination levels at 30°C. Counts of ...
Cacace Giuseppina - - 2010
Listeria monocytogenes, one of the major food-related pathogens, is the aetiological agent of listeriosis, a potentially life-threatening illness. It is able to survive in hostile environments and stress conditions such as those encountered in food-processing technologies (high salt concentration, wide range of pH and temperature, low water availability) and it ...
Yu Yi-Gang - - 2010
A selective enrichment broth (SSL) was formulated to allow concurrent growth of 3 prominent food-borne pathogens: Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes. Nalidixic acid, lithium chloride, and potassium tellurite were added as the selective agents, while sodium pyruvate and mannitol were employed as the supplemented elements. In ...
Little Christine L - - 2010
Human listeriosis is a rare but serious foodborne disease, with high morbidity and mortality in vulnerable populations (e.g., pregnant women, the elderly, and the immunocompromised). The disease is predominantly caused by the consumption of contaminated ready-to-eat foods. Since 2001, an increase in the number of listeriosis cases has been observed ...
Di Pinto Angela - - 2010
The study provides data on the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods from supermarkets in Southern Italy. The pathogen was detected in 105/1045 (10%) RTE food samples. In particular, it was highlighted in 4/392 (1%) pastries, 23/112 (20.5%) vacuum-packaged sliced salami samples, 2/108 (1.9%) cream cheese samples, 31/115 ...
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