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Cornu M - - 2006
Salting and smoking are ancient processes for fish preservation. The effects of salt and phenolic smoke compounds on the growth rate of L. monocytogenes in cold-smoked salmon were investigated through physico-chemical analyses, challenge tests on surface of cold-smoked salmon at 4 degrees C and 8 degrees C, and a survey ...
Oliveira Tereza C R M - - 2005
Primers designed to amplify a Campylobacter jejuni cadF gene sequence were used in an SYBR Green I real-time PCR assay as an alternative to conventional bacteriological methods for the rapid detection of C. jejuni in foods. Twenty-five grams of chicken skin (breast and thigh) was contaminated by adding approximately 1, ...
Neunlist Margarida Ribeiro - - 2005
Cells of four reference strains (Scott A, LO 28, CNL 895807 and ATCC 19115) and of five recent food isolates (A00M011, A00M018, A00M087, A00M092 and A00M123) of Listeria monocytogenes were grown until late exponential phase in Brain Heart Broth at two different temperatures (37 degrees C and 4 degrees C). ...
Ueda Fukiko - - 2005
Food contaminated by Listeria monocytogenes is a problem on a worldwide level because it is a serious food-borne pathogen. Although 3 evolutionary divisions have been reported for L. monocytogenes, the evolution of Japanese isolates has not yet been clarified. Thus, in order to determine the lineage of these Japanese isolates, ...
Gillespie B E - - 2005
The objective of this study was to develop a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for simultaneous detection of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Streptococcus uberis directly from milk. A genetic marker specific for Staph. aureus was used for primers and dual-labeled probe design. The target for Strep. agalactiae ...
Carlton R M - - 2005
Listeria monocytogenes is an opportunistic foodborne pathogen responsible for Listeriosis, a frequently fatal infection. This investigation represents a comprehensive approach to characterize and evaluate the broad host range, strictly virulent phage P100, which can infect and kill a majority of Listeria monocytogenes strains. First, the complete nucleotide sequence (131,384 basepairs) ...
Venien A - - 2005
Gelatine is a collagen derivative obtained from bones and hides/skin mainly from bovine and pigs. As a consequence of the outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), the use of bovine gelatine in feed, food and pharmaceutical products has been restricted by regulatory authorities. However, no method was presently available for ...
Hernández Marta - - 2005
Quality assurance is a major issue in the food industry. The authenticity of food ingredients and their traceability are required by consumers and authorities. Plant species such as barley (Hordeum vulgare), rice (Oryza sativa), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) are very common among the ingredients of many processed ...
- - 2005
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause listeriosis, a severe disease that can lead to septicemia, meningitis, and spontaneous abortion. Ongoing efforts are needed to further reduce the incidence of listeriosis, due to its high mortality rate. The focus of this report is the use of a risk-based ...
Tansuphasiri Unchalee - - 2005
An enrichment broth culture-duplex PCR combination assay was devised to identify Clostridium perfringens directly from fecal samples. The method consists of a combination of short enrichment of samples in selective media, DNA isolation, and performing duplex PCR using two pairs of primers which identify C. perfringens strains that harbor the ...
PAN, YOUWEN
The purpose of the research has been to develop an experimental biofilm ecocystem for the characterization of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms in a simulated food processing (SFP) environment. Individual strains of L. monocytogenes were initially surveyed for their ability to attach to surfaces and form biofilms under a variety of conditions. ...
Potter Ross - - 2005
Protamine is a naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptide (CAP) that has shown some promise for control of microorganisms in food. It was hypothesized that the antibacterial effect is partially due to protamine's electrostatic affinity to the negatively charged cell envelopes of actively growing bacteria. However, nonspecific binding of the CAPs ...
Cocolin Luca - - 2005
A culture-independent method for the direct detection in food of Yersinia spp. was developed in this study. It is based on the amplification of a 359 bp PCR product from the RNA polymerase beta-subunit gene (rpoB) and subsequent analysis by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Direct detection of Yersinia spp. ...
Churchill Robin L T - - 2005
Listeria monocytogenes is an emerging foodborne pathogen that is responsible for about 28% of the food-related deaths in the United States. It causes meningitis, septicaemia and in pregnant women, abortions and stillbirths. It secretes the toxin listeriolysin O (LLO) that allows the bacteria to enter the cytoplasm of host cells, ...
Wagner M - - 2005
We report the results of clinical and microbiological investigations on Listeria monocytogenes infections in a flock of 55 sheep and describe the implications for the safety of the raw milk and raw-milk cheeses produced in the on-farm dairy. The outbreak was caused by feeding grass silage, which was contaminated with ...
Jiang Jianlin - - 2005
To assess the source and public health significance of Cryptosporidium oocyst contamination in storm runoff, a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique based on the small-subunit rRNA gene was used in the analysis of 94 storm water samples collected from the Malcolm Brook and N5 stream basins in New York over ...
Bou G - - 2005
In total, 320 vaginal or rectal swabs were cultured on Granada medium (GM) or Group B Streptococcus Differential Agar (GBSDA), and were also inoculated into LIM broth (Todd-Hewitt broth supplemented with selective antibiotics), for detection of group B Streptococcus (GBS). Overall, GBS isolates were detected on 53 of the 320 ...
Thisted Lambertz S - - 2005
Approximately 550 to 600 yersiniosis patients are reported annually in Sweden. Although pigs are thought to be the main reservoir of food-borne pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica, the role of pork meat as a vehicle for transmission to humans is still unclear. Pork meat collected from refrigerators and local shops frequented by ...
Gómez-Couso H - - 2005
A histological study was carried out to investigate the transit of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts through the clam Tapes decussatus. Spat of approximately 5-7 mm shell length were maintained in a tank of natural sea water contaminated with purified C. parvum oocysts. The experiment lasted 240 h and, every 24 h, ...
Aranishi Futoshi - - 2005
With the ever-decreasing domestic fishery catch of Japanese mackerel Scomber japonicus, alternative Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus has been increasingly imported and currently accounts for approximately 34% of mackerel consumption in Japan. As there is no morphologic difference between the species after removal of their skin, not only fresh and frozen ...
Coton Emmanuel - - 2005
Formation of biogenic amines (BA) may occur in fermented foods and beverages due to the amino acid decarboxylase activities of Gram-positive bacteria. These compounds may cause food poisoning and therefore could imply food exportation problems. A set of consensual primers based on histidine decarboxylase gene (hdc) sequences of different bacteria ...
Germini Andrea - - 2005
Two previously developed platforms, a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) array, the former allowing for the simultaneous detection of five transgenes and two endogenous controls in food and feed matrices and the latter for the assessment of the identity of amplified PCR products, were ...
Frye Cary - - 2005
A comprehensive survey was undertaken to generate contemporary data on the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in pasteurized fluid milk produced in the United States. Samples (5,519) near the sell-by expiration date were purchased at retail outlets over a 5-week period and analyzed for presence of L. monocytogenes. Products consisted of ...
Delcenserie V - - 2005
Bifidobacteria are well known for their beneficial effects on health and are used as probiotics in food and pharmaceutical products. As they form one of the most important groups in both human and animal feces, their use as fecal indicator organisms in raw milk products has recently been proposed. Bifidobacteria ...
Andre Philippe - - 2005
All Enterococcus spp., isolated from environmental water samples (n=81), emitted a high chemiluminescence signal in the presence of luminol (10(-2) M). Kinetic studies of chemiluminescence show a close correlation between chemiluminescence and growth curves during the exponential phase, with a maximum chemiluminescence reached just before bacterial growth entered in the ...
Connor Christopher J - - 2005
The thermophilic, aciduric Alicyclobacillus spp. are becoming an increasing spoilage concern in the beverage industry. Rapid methods to detect their presence in both raw materials and final products are desirable for industrial quality control. The objective of this study was to develop a real-time TaqMan-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system ...
Yoshimura Tomoaki - - 2005
The applicability of quantifying genetically modified (GM) maize and soy to processed foods was investigated using heat treatment processing models. The detection methods were based on real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Ground seeds of insect resistant GM maize (MON810) and glyphosate tolerant Roundup Ready (RR) soy were dissolved ...
Olsen Sonja J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite a decreasing incidence of listeriosis in the United States, molecular subtyping has increased the number of recognized outbreaks. In September 2000, the New York City Department of Health identified a cluster of infections caused by Listeria monocytogenes isolates with identical molecular subtypes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and ...
Zhou Xiaohui - - 2005
Human listeriosis is generally caused by consumption of ready-to-eat (RTE) foods that are stored for extended periods of time at refrigeration temperatures and that permit the growth of the causative agent, Listeria monocytogenes. Food-consumption patterns in China are undergoing rapid changes and more regular consumption of refrigerated-storage RTE foods may ...
Leunufna S - - 2005
Cryopreservation of yams (Dioscorea spp.) is important for the preservation of valuable genotypes for food, medicine and breeding purposes. This study on four species of yams was conducted to evaluate the influence of cold acclimation in an alternating 5 degree C and 28 degree C, 12 h thermo-photo-period and of ...
Murphy R Y - - 2005
Surface pasteurization by applying steam or hot water before or after packaging of processed foods may be used to eliminate pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes from ready-to-eat meat and poultry products. Surface pasteurization treatment with a mixture of pressurized steam and hot water was integrated into a continuous vacuum-packaging system ...
Lauer Wendy F - - 2005
Listeria monocytogenes continues to be a threat to food safety in the United States despite a "zero tolerance" policy. When Listeria species are identified by standard cultural methods, confirmation of L. monocytogenes takes days to complete. RAPID'L.Mono agar, developed by Bio-Rad Laboratories, is a chromogenic medium that differentiates L. monocytogenes ...
Dantigny Philippe - - 2005
The effect of ethanol (E) on the radial growth rate (mu) of food spoilage moulds (Aspergillus candidus, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Eurotium herbariorum, Mucor circinelloides, Mucor racemosus, Paecilomyces variotii, Penicillium chrysogenum, Penicillium digitatum, Rhizopus oryzae and Trichoderma harzianum) was assessed in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium at a(w) ...
Eriksson de Rezende, Christian ...
Biofilms enable food-borne pathogens to resist removal from surfaces and survive disinfection. Biofilms of pathogens [e.g., S. enterica Serovar Typhimurium DT104 (STDT104)] formed on various surface types were probed with Calcofluor (b-D-glucan-specific ) and lectins. All biofilms were detected after exposure to Calcofluor. Lectins bound to specific carbohydrates in bacterial ...
Brassard Julie - - 2005
Every year, enteric viruses such as hepatitis A virus (HAV), rotaviruses, and noroviruses are responsible for viral gastro-enteritis and hepatitis reported worldwide. These viruses are mostly transmitted via the faecal-oral route, from direct contact between people, or by ingestion of contaminated food and water. Since only a few viral particles ...
Hudson J A - - 2005
Bacteriophages possess attributes that appear to be attractive to those searching for novel ways to control foodborne pathogens and spoilage organisms. These phages have a history of safe use, can be highly host specific, and replicate in the presence of a host. Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes and various spoilage ...
Hew Carrie M - - 2005
Chorizos-Mexican-style raw-meat sausages-are a concern in California because their production in small ethnic food markets is unregulated. Their formulation may cause them to appear cooked to the consumer, who may eat the raw sausage without prior proper cooking. Bacterial pathogens in such products may cause illness or even death. Survivability ...
Romero Patricia - - 2005
The amplification by PCR of the Intergenic Spacer region (IGS) of rDNA followed by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was evaluated as a potential method for the identification of Debaryomyces hansenii among other yeast species that frequently contaminate Intermediate-Moisture Foods (IMFs). For a first rapid differentiation at the species ...
Bull Michelle K - - 2005
A five-isolate cocktail of Listeria monocytogenes (10(3) cfu/ml in skim or whole raw milk) was subjected to 450 MPa for 900 s or 600 MPa for 90 s. The effects of prior growth temperature, type of milk (skim vs. whole), type of recovery-enrichment media (optimized Penn State University [oPSU] broth, ...
Wong T L - - 2005
AIMS: To gauge the effectiveness of pâté and ham manufacturers' management of the microbial safety and quality of their products. METHODS AND RESULTS: A survey of 60 batches of prepackaged pâté showed that 41.7% of the batches had aerobic plate counts (APC) exceeding 10(5) CFU g(-1), one of pâté sample ...
Sauders Brian D - - 2005
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that is found widely in the environment and in a variety of ready-to-eat foods, yet human invasive infection is relatively rare (five cases per million people annually in the United States). Despite wide exposure to this organism, little is known about the prevalence of ...
El Marrakchi A - - 2005
This study investigated the performance of a new chromogenic plating medium for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes from naturally contaminated samples obtained from marine environments in Morocco in comparison with the conventional plating media PALCAM and Oxford. A total of 479 marine samples (sea water, sediment and mussels) were collected ...
Ivanek Renata - - 2004
Listeriosis is a foodborne disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The food industry and government agencies devote considerable resources to reducing contamination of ready-to-eat foods with L. monocytogenes. Because inactivation treatments can effectively eliminate L. monocytogenes present on raw materials, postprocessing cross-contamination from the processing plant environment appears to ...
Chmielewski R A N - - 2004
Heat treatment of potential biofilm-forming sites is sometimes used for control of Listeria monocytogenes in food processing plants. However, little information is available on the heat treatment required to kill L. monocytogenes present in biofilms. The purpose of this study was to develop a predictive model for the heat inactivation ...
Nauta Maarten J - - 2005
To describe the transmission dynamics of a pathogen over a food pathway in quantitative microbiological risk assessment (QMRA), several types of processes need to be modelled. Next to microbial processes like bacterial growth and inactivation, four food handling processes can be identified. Among these are partitioning and mixing of the ...
Le Marc Yvan - - 2005
Data from a database on microbial responses to the food environment (ComBase, see www.combase.cc) were used to study the boundary of growth several pathogens (Aeromonas hydrophila, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica). Two methods were used to evaluate the growth/no growth interface. The first one is an application of the ...
Alarcón Benito - - 2004
The simultaneous detection of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella spp. has been approached by a new multiplex PCR-based procedure followed by capillary gel electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (multiplex-PCR-CGE-LIF). As compared to slab gel electrophoresis, the use of CGE-LIF improved from 10- to 1000-fold the sensitivity of the multiplex ...
Jean Julie - - 2004
Human enteric viruses are currently recognized as one of the most important causes of food-borne disease. Implication of enteric viruses in food-borne outbreaks can be difficult to confirm due to the inadequacy of the detection methods available. In this study, a nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) method was developed in ...
Van Coillie Els - - 2004
Listeria monocytogenes is a major concern to producers of ready-to-eat foods because of the high mortality rate associated with listeriosis and the widespread nature of the organism. To investigate the prevalence of this pathogen in different ready-to-eat food products on the Belgian market, a variety of 252 ready-to-eat food products, ...
Lukinmaa Susanna - - 2004
Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter and Yersinia species, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Listeria monocytogenes and Clostridium perfringens are the bacterial pathogens constituting the greatest burden of food-borne disease in Finland. Several molecular genetic methods have been applied to diagnose, discriminate and survey these bacteria. PCR, PCR-RFLP and PFGE are the most ...
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