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Results 251 - 300 of 791
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Pérez-Rodríguez F - - 2007
The risk assessment study of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods conducted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is an example of an extensive quantitative microbiological risk assessment that could be used by risk analysts and other scientists to obtain information and by managers and stakeholders to make decisions on ...
Kang David - - 2007
The ability of Listeria monocytogenes to attach to various food contact surfaces, such as stainless steel, polypropylene, and rubber compounds, is well documented. The retention of these or other pathogenic bacteria on food contact surfaces increases the risk of transmission to food products. The objective of this study was to ...
Gao Yu-Long - - 2007
The combination of high hydrostatic pressure with mild temperature was explored to achieve a predictive model of microbial inactivation in food matrix processing. The pressure processing conditions were fixed at 448 MPa for 11 min at the treatment temperature of 41 degrees C, which have been determined as the optimum ...
Lemon Katherine P - - 2007
The food-borne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes attaches to environmental surfaces and forms biofilms that can be a source of food contamination, yet little is known about the molecular mechanisms of its biofilm development. We observed that nonmotile mutants were defective in biofilm formation. To investigate how flagella might function during biofilm ...
Little C L - - 2007
As part of the European Commission (EC) co-ordinated programme for 2005, a study of pre-packaged ready-to-eat (RTE) mixed salads containing meat or seafood ingredients from retail premises was undertaken in the UK to determine the frequency and level of Listeria monocytogenes in these products. Almost all (99.8%; 2682/2686) samples were ...
Midelet-Bourdin Graziella - - 2007
Retail seafood products were analyzed on their use-by date using the international reference methods NF EN ISO 11290-1 and 11290-2 (collectively method R) or an in-house method (method B) for the isolation of Listeria monocytogenes. The sensitivity of the methods was about 78%. Method R detected more positive samples of ...
Rossmanith Peter - - 2007
The development of a fast, reliable and inexpensive protocol for the concentration of bacteria from food by the removal of fat, carbohydrates and proteins that is compatible with downstream alternative DNA-based quantification methods is described. The protocol was used for dairy products, cooked and smoked fish and meat, carbohydrate-rich cooked ...
Riedel Christian U - - 2007
An improved system for luciferase tagging Listeria monocytogenes was developed by constructing a highly active, constitutive promoter. This construct gave 100-fold-higher activity in broth than any native promoter tested and allowed for imaging of lux-tagged L. monocytogenes in food products, during murine infections, and in tumor targeting studies.
Gao Lingmei - - 2007
Total 427 yeast strains from seawater, sediments, mud of salterns, guts of the marine fish, and marine algae were obtained. After inulinase activity of the yeast cultures was estimated, we found that four strains (OUC1, G7a, OUC2, and G7a1) of the marine yeasts grown in the medium with inulin could ...
Rode Tone Mari - - 2007
Staphylococcus aureus and its biofilm formation are recognized as a serious clinical problem. S. aureus is also a food borne pathogen, and little is known regarding biofilm formation of food-related strains. We have studied biofilm formation of both food-related and clinical S. aureus strains grown under different stress conditions (temperature, ...
Chen Y-S - - 2007
AIMS: To characterize bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) from two dochi-isolated Enterococcus faecium. METHODS AND RESULTS: Enterococcus faecium D081821 and D081833 were isolated from dochi (a traditional fermented food in Taiwan) and found to produce BLIS with inhibitory activities against Listeria monocytogenes, Clostridium perfringens, and Bacillus cereus. Strains D081821 and D081833 ...
Rodríguez Andrés - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the factors involved in the transfer of Listeria monocytogenes from surfaces to foods. We evaluated the influence of surface type (stainless steel and high-density polyethylene), inoculation method (biofilm growth and attached cells), hydration level (visibly dry and wet), and food type (bologna ...
Taguchi Hiromu - - 2007
Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa and Actinidia chinensis) is allergenic to sensitive patients, and, under Japanese regulations, it is one of the food items that are recommended to be declared on food labeling as much as possible. To develop PCR-based methods for the detection of trace amounts of kiwifruit in foods, two ...
Azuma T - - 2007
AIMS: The effectiveness of freeze-dried powder, fermented with bacteriocin producing Carnobacterium piscicola CS526, was evaluated for the inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in a food model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 10% solution of milk whey powder was fermented with a bacteriocinogenic C. piscicola CS526 Bac(+) or its nonbacteriocinogenic mutant strain CS526 ...
Ramaswamy Vidhya - - 2007
Listeria monocytogenes (commonly called Listeria) is a Gram-positive facultatively intracellular foodborne pathogen often found in food and elsewhere in nature. It can cause a rare but serious disease called listeriosis, especially among pregnant women, the elderly or individuals with a weakened immune system. In serious cases, it can lead to ...
Burnett Scott L - - 2007
The antilisterial efficacy and organoleptic impact of an octanoic acid (OA)-based treatment for ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and poultry products were investigated. Whole-muscle and comminuted RTE products were inoculated with a five-strain mixture of Listeria monocytogenes. The OA treatments were applied to the surface of RTE products by dispensing a specific ...
Standaert Arnout R - - 2007
The food industry faces two paradoxical demands: on the one hand, foods need to be microbiologically safe for consumption and on the other hand, consumers want fresh, minimally processed foods. To meet these demands, more insight into the mechanisms of microbial growth is needed, which includes, among others, the microbial ...
Hamdi Taha Mossadak - - 2007
Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from raw milk, whey and curdled milk produced and collected in the region of Algiers and Blida between September 2003 and July 2004. Four out of 153 (2.61%) farm milk samples and 6 out of 80 (7.50%) tankers' samples tested positive for L. monocytogenes. All samples ...
Souza Gerlane - - 2007
The performance of a single-tube nested-PCR (STNPCR) technique was evaluated for plague diagnosis in comparison to conventional (one step) and two step nested PCR (NPCR). Assays were carried out with primers targeting the gene caf1 that encodes the Yersinia pestis F1 antigen. For STNPCR inner primers were immobilized onto the ...
Yamakawa Hirohito - - 2007
A sensitive qualitative detection method for soybeans in foods by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed. For specific detection of soybeans with high specificity, the primer pair of Gym 81/Gym 82 was designed on the gene encoding the Glycine max repetitive sequence. The trace amount of soybeans in ...
Bren Linda - - 2007
Not all viruses harm people. The Food and Drug Administration has approved a mixture of viruses as a food additive to protect people. The additive can be used in processing plants for spraying onto ready-to-eat meat and poultry products to protect consumers from the potentially life-threatening bacterium Listeria monocytogenes (L. ...
Wagner M - - 2007
Qualitative and quantitative contamination of ready-to-eat food-stuffs with the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes was studied in 1586 samples collected from 103 supermarkets (n = 946) and 61 households (n = 640) in Vienna, Austria. Seventeen groups of ready-to-eat foods were classified into three risk categories for contamination (CP1-CP3). Three to four ...
Lekroengsin Sumalin - - 2007
This study investigated contamination sources of Listeria spp. in frozen, ready-to-eat, roasted, steamed, and fried chicken meat products from a plant in Thailand, as well as the correlation between Listeria contamination in the production environment and the finished product. The cooking processes used in this factory (with a product core ...
Bermúdez-Humarán Luis G - - 2007
Divercin V41 is a class IIa bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium divergens V41 with a strong anti-Listeria activity. We have previously produced a recombinant form of divercin V41 (DvnRV41) in Escherichia coli strain Origami, by cloning a synthetic gene that codes for a mature divercin RV41 peptide. In this work we ...
Bang W - - 2007
Different cultural techniques and molecular methods for the detection of Vibrio vulnificus during cold storage in a model broth system were compared. Two strains of V. vulnificus were grown to stationary phase and inoculated (10(6) CFU/mL) into tryptic soy broth with 2% sodium chloride (TSBN2) or artificial seawater (ASW), both ...
Behets Jonas - - 2007
Free-living amoebae (FLA) are distributed ubiquitously in aquatic environments with increasing importance in hygienic, medical and ecological relationships to man. In this study, water samples from Belgian industrial cooling circuits were quantitatively surveyed for the presence of FLA. Isolated, thermotolerant amoebae were identified morphologically as well as using the following ...
Murphy Mary - - 2007
In this study we report the development and application of a Multiple-Locus Variable number of tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA) strategy for subtyping Listeria monocytogenes. Genome profiles of a collection of forty-five food-borne L. monocytogenes isolates were compared using MLVA. These isolates were obtained as part of an active surveillance programme ...
Carrasco E - - 2007
The recent Commission Regulation (EC) No 2073/2005 establishes microbiological criteria in foods. For the pathogen Listeria monocytogenes in the category ready-to-eat foods able to support its growth, other than those intended for infants and for special medical purposes, two different microbiological criteria are proposed: (i) L. monocytogenes levels should be ...
Zhou Xiaohui - - 2006
AIMS: This study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence and lineages of Listeria monocytogenes in different kinds of food products in local Chinese markets. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2686 food samples and 645 water samples were collected and L. monocytogenes was isolated from 2.28% (76 of 3331) of ...
Meleg E - - 2006
AIMS: Routine procedures for monitoring viruses in water samples have not been drawn up for the water-microbiology screening panel. Enteric viruses, including astroviruses, are able to persist under environmental conditions and may cause public health problems by contaminating natural and drinking water resources. The aim of this study was to ...
Arnold Judy W - - 2006
Listeria monocytogenes is an important foodborne pathogen that must be controlled to ensure food safety. For the years 2003 and 2004, L. monocytogenes caused 20 deaths per 100 listeriosis cases and was responsible for most food recalls for pathogen contamination. The objective of this work was to develop a quantitative ...
Spaniolas Stelios - - 2006
Coffee is one of the most important world food commodities, commercial trade consisting almost entirely of Arabica and Robusta varieties. The former is considered to be of superior quality and thus attracts a premium price. Methods to differentiate these coffee species could prove to be beneficial for the detection of ...
Francis Gillian A - - 2006
The incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in modified atmosphere packaged fresh-cut fruits and vegetables from chill cabinets of a supermarket in Ireland was investigated over a 2-year period. Overall, 9.58% of fresh-cut produce was contaminated with Listeria spp. Various species of Listeria were isolated from samples, including L. monocytogenes, L. seeligeri, ...
Lepage E - - 2006
Enterococcus faecalis, a member of the natural microbiota of animal and human intestinal tracts, is also present as a natural contaminant in a variety of fermented foods. Over the last decade, E. faecalis has emerged as a major cause of nosocomial infections. We investigated the genetic diversity in 30 clinical ...
Fernández M - - 2006
Biogenic amines are toxic substances that appear in foods and beverages as a result of AA decarboxylation. The enzyme histidine decarboxylase catalyzes the decarboxylation of histidine to histamine, the biogenic amine most frequently involved in food poisoning. The aim of the present work was to develop a real-time quantitative PCR ...
Pérez-Rodríguez F - - 2006
A practical approach was used to achieve specified food safety objectives (FSOs) by incorporating risk assessment methodology. A series of cross-contamination scenarios at the retail level were evaluated in a spreadsheet and ranked according to their level of risk, and the degree to which they exceeded an FSO for Listeria ...
Pan Y - - 2006
The objective of this study was to evaluate the resistance of biofilms of Listeria monocytogenes to sanitizing agents under laboratory conditions simulating a food processing environment. Biofilms were initially formed on stainless steel and Teflon coupons using a five-strain mixture of L. monocytogenes. The coupons were then subjected to repeated ...
Gandhi Megha - - 2007
The foodborne pathogen Listeria is the causative agent of listeriosis, a severe disease with high hospitalization and case fatality rates. Listeria monocytogenes can survive and grow over a wide range of environmental conditions such as refrigeration temperatures, low pH and high salt concentration. This allows the pathogen to overcome food ...
Gudmundsdóttir Sigrún - - 2006
The virulence of 82 Listeria monocytogenes isolates from human cases and cold-smoked salmon, cooked peeled shrimp, and their production environments was assessed using the plaque-forming assay and a subcutaneous inoculation test in mice. These isolates were previously typed using serotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The isolates from food-production environments were ...
Farouk Abd-ElAziem - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop a molecular technique that is fast and reliable in detecting porcine contamination or ingredients in foods. METHODS: The method applied involved DNA amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology. Thus, the sequence of a certain gene found uniquely in pork was identified and its sequence was used ...
Lin Chia-Min - - 2006
Listeriosis associated with Hispanic-style soft cheese is an ongoing public health concern. Although rapid detection methods based on molecular and immunological technologies have been applied successfully for detecting Listeria monocytogenes in foods, obtaining isolates of the pathogen is a critical procedure for epidemiologic studies and regulatory analysis. Oxford agar, a ...
Hu Yuewei - - 2006
An understanding of Listeria transmission and contamination patterns in processing environments of ready-to-eat foods is critical for improving control of Listeria monocytogenes. A cold-smoked fish processing operation was the site used to study variability in Listeria contamination in a processing environment associated with a ready-to-eat food product throughout one production ...
Willis C - - 2006
AIM: Rapid identification of Listeria in food is important in protecting consumers from infection. The development of chromogenic media such as agar Listeria according to Ottaviani and Agosti (ALOA) has allowed more rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes, with presumptive identification of this pathogenic species after only 24 h of incubation. ...
Ueda Shigeko - - 2006
For rapid, accurate and sensitive detection of Listeria monocytogenes in food samples, colonies developed on the selective agar (Oxford agar) after immunomagnetic separation (IMS) were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay with the prf A1-2 primer pair. The proposed assay system was shown experimentally to be capable of specifically ...
Stevens David A - - 2006
Concentrations above the MIC of caspofungin allow growth of some Candida isolates. A strain demonstrating paradoxical growth was grown in the presence and absence of caspofungin, and the cell wall content was analyzed. Beta-1,3-glucan declined 81% in the presence of caspofungin, as expected. Beta-1,6-glucan declined 73%. Chitin increased 898%, demonstrating ...
Hegde Veena - - 2007
The performance of BBL CHROMagar Listeria chromogenic agar for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes was evaluated for its ability to isolate and identify L. monocytogenes from food and environmental samples. The medium was compared to non-chromogenic selective agars commonly used for Listeria isolation: Oxford, Modified Oxford, and PALCAM. BBL CHROMagar ...
Midelet-Bourdin G - - 2006
AIM: To assess the effect of different foods, which have been implicated or not in cases of listeriosis, on the in vitro virulence-associated phenotype level of different Listeria monocytogenes strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: The virulence-associated phenotype level of L. monocytogenes was studied with the in vitro cell test based on ...
Jemmi T - - 2006
In the past 25 years, Listeria monocytogenes has become increasingly important as a food-associated pathogen. Most European Union countries have an annual incidence of human listeriosis of between two and ten reported cases per million. Because of its high case fatality rate, listeriosis ranks among the most frequent causes of ...
Wilks Sandra A - - 2006
Listeria monocytogenes is an important re-emerging pathogen which is commonly found in the environment. Many outbreaks have been associated with the contamination of food produce, often linked to cross-contamination from surfaces or equipment to prepared foodstuffs. In the present study a number of copper-base metal alloys have been used to ...
Corcoran Deborah - - 2006
An investigation of Listeria monocytogenes in Irish retail smoked salmon products and other unrelated food products was undertaken. Serotyping and genotyping methods were applied. Twenty-six L. monocytogenes isolates cultured from ready-to-eat smoked salmon and an additional 20 L. monocytogenes isolates from various commercially available food products (other than smoked salmon) ...
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