Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1033
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Chinchilli Vernon M - - 2005
The double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge is a rigorous tool that has become popular for evaluating adverse reactions to foods. The standard use of the double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge has been to document food allergies for individual patients, but it recently has been gaining acceptance as a procedure for investigating the ...
Celik-Bilgili S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Specific serum IgE is considered as one of the important diagnostic measures in the diagnostic work-up of food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of specific serum IgE in predicting the outcome of oral food challenges, and to determine threshold concentrations of specific serum IgE that could render double-blind, ...
Sandin A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of self-reported food allergy and IgE antibodies to food allergens in wheezing and non-wheezing Estonian and Swedish schoolchildren, in the light of the disparities in the standard of living, food consumption and prevalence of respiratory allergies that still exist between Estonia and the Scandinavian countries. ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2005
Exposure to food allergens can cause a varied pattern of respiratory symptoms, with allergic responses ranging from asthma symptoms to occupational asthma. Food allergy in a patient presenting as asthma tends to indicate a more severe disease constellation. Patients with underlying asthma experience more severe and life-threatening allergic food reactions. ...
Frick O L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes (HKL) potently stimulates interferon (IFN)-gamma production in CD4 T-lymphocytes, and when used as adjuvant for immunotherapy, reduces immunoglobulin (Ig)E production and reverses established allergen-induced airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in a murine model of asthma. We asked if such treatment could decrease established peanut-induced anaphylaxis or cow's milk-induced ...
Untersmayr Eva - - 2005
Recently, we have demonstrated that anti-ulcer drugs, such as H2-receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors, promote the development of immediate type food allergy toward digestion-labile proteins in mice. The aim of this study was to examine the allergological relevance of these findings in humans. In an observational cohort study, we ...
Ricci G - - 2005
Grass allergy is the most common pollinosis in Northern Italy. Some patients with grass allergy show polysensitization against other pollens and plant-derived foods. In these patients oral allergic syndrome (OAS) is frequently associated. To evaluate the correlation between food allergy or food sensitization and specific IgE against panallergens such as ...
Srivastava Kamal D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is potentially life threatening. There is no curative therapy for this disorder. We previously found that an herbal formula, food allergy herbal formula (FAHF)-1, blocked peanut-induced anaphylaxis in a murine model when challenged immediately posttherapy. OBJECTIVE: To test whether FAHF-2, an improved herbal formula, from which 2 ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2005
Enterocolitis induced in infants by cow's milk and/or soy protein has been recognized for decades. Symptoms typically begin in the first month of life in association with failure to thrive and may progress to acidemia and shock. Symptoms resolve after the causal protein is removed from the diet but recur ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2005
Diagnosing food allergies can be challenging to the practitioner. Our armamentarium includes standardized skin prick testing, radioallergoimmunosorbent (RAST) testing, and food challenges. These methods have certainly been helpful in the IgE-mediated disorders, including urticaria and anaphylaxis. However, diagnosing patients who have the non-IgE (cell-mediated) or mixed (IgE and cell-mediated) disorders ...
Gutarowska Beata - - 2005
The presented study concerned mycological analysis of buildings in Lódź and evaluation of the role between filamentous fungi contaminated flats and inhabitants health (allergic airway diseases). 49 inhabitants of 20 flats with signs of moulds contamination were examined. Air samples were collected in houses and outdoors. In all inhabitants skin ...
Niggemann B - - 2005
Currently, the diagnostic work-up of suspected food allergy includes skin prick tests, the measurement of food specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), and the atopy patch test, and double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges. However, all of these methods, even double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC), may sometimes be misleading. This overview describes several pitfalls ...
Sampson H A - - 2005
Up to 25% of adults believe that they or their children are afflicted with a food allergy. However, the actual prevalence of food allergy is much lower: approximately 6-8% of children suffer from food allergy during their first 3 years of life, and many children then develop clinical tolerance. Food ...
Cudowska B - - 2005
PURPOSE: Food allergy has been demonstrated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atopic eczema dermatitis syndrome (AEDS), affecting often atopic infants and young children. The most commonly offending foods are cow's milk, hen's egg, wheat and soy; implicating immediate (IgE-mediated) and late-phase (T-cells) immunological reactions in the ...
Black P N - - 2005
Allergic sensitization to inhaled allergens and foods is common and is linked to the development of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema. In view of the morbidity associated with these diseases it is not clear why the genetic predisposition to atopy is so common. Children who are atopic are less likely ...
Chu Ka Hou - - 2005
Food allergy consists of a wide range of disorders that result from adverse immune responses to dietary antigens. Manifestations of allergic response includes acute, potentially fatal anaphylactic reactions and a variety of chronic diseases that mainly affect the gastrointestinal tract, skin, and respiratory tract. Tools for clinical diagnosis and management, ...
Figueroa J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mustard IgE-mediated allergy is supposed to be a rare cause of food allergy, and its clinical features and cross-reactivities have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out, recruiting mustard allergic patients, and paired control subjects. A clinical questionnaire was administered, and skin-prick tests (SPT) with ...
Mungan N Aydin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an interaction exists between nocturnal enuresis and allergy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-seven (20 boys, 17 girls) children with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis were recruited. We studied an allergy panel that included total IgE, 10 examples of inhalant-specific IgE, 10 examples of food-specific IgE, eosinophilic cationic protein (ECP) ...
Cobbaert Christa M - - 2005
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the IMMULITE 2000 Allergy System from Diagnostic Products Corporation (DPC) for the detection of inhalant and food allergies, focusing on inhalant and food screens, mixes and single allergens. METHODS: Serum samples were collected from new, unselected patients who were referred to ...
Kakuta Kazuhiko - - 2005
Allergic diseases have rapidly increased in Japan. Changes in the prevalence of bronchial asthma in children and birth years of anaphylactic patients suggest that an event that may have increased allergic diseases occurred in about 1970, and chemicals in the environment and food are considered to be a cause. Some ...
Wüthrich B - - 2005
Mainstream allergy diagnosis and treatment is based on classical allergy testing which involves well-validated diagnostic methods and proven methods of treatment. By contrast, a number of unproven tests have been proposed for evaluating allergic patients including cytotoxic food testing, ALCAT test, bioresonance, electrodermal testing (electroacupuncture), reflexology, applied kinesiology a.o. There ...
Gray Heather C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although food allergy is common in children, rice allergy is unusual in Western cultures. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of T-cell-mediated rice intolerance in an 11-month-old girl. METHODS: To evaluate the intolerance to rice in this patient, a graded rice food challenge was performed. To examine the immunologic reactivity ...
Branco Ferreira M - - 2004
In this paper we describe the existence of cross-reactivity between allergens from latex and chickpea, a food from the Leguminosae family, which is common in the Mediterranean diet. We present the case report of a spina bifida boy with a clinical relevant food allergy to chickpea (oral syndrome + dysphonia), ...
Leung Ting Fan - - 2004
Cow's milk and soy protein allergies are commonly associated with atopic dermatitis (AD) in young children. Amino acid (AA)-based elemental milk formula may improve AD control in these patients. This study investigates the efficacy of AA-based formula in treating young AD patients irrespective of their food allergy status. AD patients ...
Kumar Devinder - - 2004
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common. The symptom criteria for the diagnosis of IBS remain non specific. Similarly, pelvic inflammatory disease and endometriosis present with symptoms that may be similar to those of IBS. The site of pain, intermenstrual bleeding and exacerbation of symptoms by food may be able to ...
Bohle Barbara - - 2004
Food allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction to normally harmless substances and involves humoral immune responses, mediated by immunoglobulin (IgE) synthesized by B lymphocytes, and cellular immune responses mediated by T lymphocytes. An IgE-mediated mechanism leads to clinical symptoms occurring immediately after food ingestion, e. g., "the oral allergy syndrome". For ...
Kobayashi Makio - - 2004
Soy sauce (Shoyu) is a traditional fermented seasoning of Japan and available throughout the world. Polysaccharides were obtained from dialysate of Shoyu, and these Shoyu polysaccharides (SPS) were examined for anti-allergic activity in vitro and in vivo. The SPS originated from partially-degraded polysaccharides of soybeans by mold enzymatic hydrolyses, and ...
Broom Mark - - 2004
We extend the game theoretic model of kleptoparasitism introduced by Broom and Ruxton (1998, Behav. Ecol. 9, 397-403) in two ways: we allow for asymmetric contests, where the probability alpha of the challenger winning can take any value from 0 to 1; and we allow the handler to choose not ...
Helm Ricki M - - 2004
A review is presented of 3 murine models and a swine neonatal model used to investigate immunotherapeutic options. In Model 1, mutation of linear IgE-binding epitopes of Ara h 1 for the preparation of a hypoallergenic Ara h 1 is discussed with respect to expression in transgenic tobacco plants and ...
Hansen Kirsten Skamstrup - - 2004
Conflicting results concerning the effect of specific pollen immunotherapy (SIT) on allergy to plant foods have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SIT using a birch pollen extract on food allergy with focus on allergy to apple. Seventy-four birch pollen-allergic patients were included ...
Perry Tamara T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral food challenges are essential to the diagnosis of food allergy; however, little has been reported regarding the risks of performing food challenges in children with suspected food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk and reaction severity of failed oral food challenges. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed ...
Bauchau V - - 2004
To measure the prevalence of allergic rhinitis among European adults and the proportion of undiagnosed subjects, a two-step, cross-sectional, population-based survey in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK was undertaken. Step one of the study involved screening for allergic rhinitis by telephone interview, based on history of symptoms ...
Han Dong Ki - - 2004
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory skin disease. Children with AD tend to have a higher prevalence of food allergies. This study investigated the clinical significance of food sensitization in AD patients. A total of 266 AD patients participated in this study. The prevalence of food sensitization and ...
Roehr C C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a 10-fold discrepancy of self-reported food-induced symptoms and physician-diagnosed food hypersensitivity. Little information is available on the prevalence of food hypersensitivity in unselected paediatric populations. No data were available for German children. OBJECTIVE: To study the perception of food-induced symptoms in the paediatric population, to ...
Mittag Diana - - 2004
Baker's asthma, food allergy to wheat, and wheat-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (WDEIA) are different clinical forms of wheat allergy. We investigated the correlation of solubility and digestion stability of wheat allergens with the IgE-reactivity patterns of different patient groups. Three wheat protein fractions were extracted according to their solubility: salt-soluble albumins ...
Hill David J - - 2004
The diagnostic accuracy of the skin prick test (SPT) in food allergy is controversial. We have developed diagnostic cut-off levels for SPT in children with allergy to cow milk, egg and peanut. Based on 555 open food challenges in 467 children (median age 3.0 yr) we defined food-specific SPT weal ...
Isolauri E - - 2004
The notion of food allergy in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not new. However, recent evidence suggests significant reduction in IBS symptom severity in patients on elimination diets, provided that dietary elimination is based on foods against which the individual had raised IgG antibodies. These findings should encourage studies dissecting ...
Karatay S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of individualized diet challenges consisting of allergenic foods, defined by the skin prick test (SPT), on tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Twenty patients with a positive SPT response for food extracts and 20 with a ...
Whorwell Peter - - 2004
Most patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders report that food ingestion appears to exacerbate their symptoms and consequently conclude that they have some form of gastrointestinal food allergy or intolerance. Dietary management of functional gastrointestinal conditions is an attractive therapeutic option for the patient and physician alike because it is safe ...
Fukuda Sanae - - 2004
We studied 867 junior high school children and administered a questionnaire documenting allergic symptoms and environmental variables, and measured Immunoglobulin E serum levels and the immunoglobulin G titers of serum antibody to microflora. A total of 716 subjects were ultimately used for statistics; those with at least two of the ...
Shek Lynette P C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The majority of children with cow's milk and hen's egg allergy develop clinical tolerance with time. However, there are no good indices to predict when and in whom this occurs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if monitoring food specific IgE levels over time could be ...
Niggemann B - - 2004
A considerable body of literature on therapeutic aspects of complementary and alternative medicine has been published in recent years, but little is known on diagnostic procedures. This short review lists complementary and alternative diagnostic procedures for the diagnosis of allergic diseases and presents an assessment of their usefulness for the ...
Niggemann B - - 2004
The diagnosis of food allergy in infants and children is still a challenging task for the pediatrician. While immediate-type allergic reactions to foods can be diagnosed quite easily, late-phase reactions, e.g. in atopic dermatitis, often represent a diagnostic challenge. Once classical diagnostic procedures such as history, skin prick tests, atopy ...
Perry Tamara T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oral food challenges remain the gold standard for the diagnosis of food allergy. However, clear clinical and laboratory guidelines have not been firmly established to determine when oral challenges should be performed. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the value of food-specific IgE levels in predicting challenge outcome. METHODS: A ...
Procop G W - - 2004
We examined four staining methods on replicate smears of 313 respiratory specimens submitted for Pneumocystis jiroveci examination. The sensitivity and specificity of Calcofluor white stain (CW) were 73.8 and 99.6%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Grocott-Gomori methenamine silver stain (GMS) were 79.4 and 99.2%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity ...
Hallett Rosemary - - 2004
The prevalence of food allergy is increasing, as is our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Reactions may be IgE mediated, cell mediated, or a combination of the two, with the latter usually involving the skin or gastrointestinal systems. Relatively few foods are commonly involved in food allergy, despite the variety ...
Matsumoto Tomoaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Wheat is a food allergen that occasionally causes a systemic allergic reaction; however, little is known about the quantities of wheat allergen required to evoke allergic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a wheat allergic boy who experienced systemic urticaria and angioedema within 40 minutes after the ingestion ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Positive standardized food challenges represent the gold standard of diagnostic procedures in food-related reactions suspected to be of allergic nature. Skin prick testing and in-vitro diagnosis is helpful in most cases and can help to avoid cumbersome food challenges. This review considers recent progress in the use ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although our general understanding of food hypersensitivity has improved in recent years, gastrointestinal food protein-induced diseases still pose diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy in children and adults may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical presentations include protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome, enteropathy and proctocolitis, ...
Moneret-Vautrin Denise Anne - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to bring the reader up to date on the importance of assessing a food's lowest observed adverse-effect level (LOAEL) with two aims. Firstly, to help industry choose tests with a level of sensitivity capable of detecting food allergens hidden in industrial ...
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