Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1034
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van Odijk J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Objective assessment of inflammatory reactions in the gastrointestinal tract could be useful in the diagnosis of food hypersensitivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of eosinophils and mast cells in the inflammatory response of patients with food hypersensitivity before and after food challenges. METHODS: ...
Pirson F - - 2006
Adverse reactions to food resulting in gastrointestinal symptoms and due to immunologic reactions (allergy) are discussed: their pathogenesis, the prevalence of food allergens and the clinical digestive expressions of food allergy in children and adults are reviewed. In IgE-mediated food allergy, the usefulness of the biological available tests is considered, ...
Kumari D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Legumes are important causative agents of type I hypersensitivity in south Asia and Europe but such studies are lacking in Indian population. The present study investigates blackgram sensitization in asthma and rhinitis patients and identifies immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding proteins. METHODS: Respiratory allergy patients were evaluated using standard questionnaire and ...
Sander Ingrid - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A pharmaceutical industry worker was exposed to dust of gum arabic in the tablet coating plant and complained of work-related shortness of breath, chest tightness, runny nose, itching and redness of the eyes. This case was investigated for allergy to gum arabic and compared with a control group. The ...
Marklund Birgitta - - 2006
About 20% of schoolchildren and adolescents in Sweden suffer from perceived food hypersensitivity (e.g. allergy or intolerance). Our knowledge of how child food hypersensitivity affects parents HRQL and what aspects of the hypersensitivity condition relate to HRQL deterioration in the family is limited. Thus the aim of this study was ...
Porcel S - - 2006
We report the case of a 16-year-old male who, 30 minutes after beginning to play football with previous ingestion of pistachio nuts, experienced an anaphylactic reaction. Prick-by-prick test with roasted pistachios was negative. Specific IgE antibodies to pistachio, cashew nuts and mango were negative. An open oral challenge test with ...
Nucera E - - 2006
Adverse food reaction in which no immunological mechanism is demonstrated should be termed nonallergic food hypersensitivity or food intolerance. We present the case of a 12-year-old girl with a clinical history of abdominal pain, nausea, and general malaise after tomato intake which completely remitted with antihistamines. The patient underwent a ...
Caminiti L - - 2006
We describe the case of a young woman with asthma and confirmed food allergy to sesame who had 2 severe systemic reactions after the inadvertent ingestion of tahini, a paste made with ground sesame seeds that is not generally known by physicians and patients as a sesame-containing food. A double-blind ...
Lucas Jane S A - - 2005
Actinidia chinensis (gold kiwi) is a newly available fruit which has been shown to have in vitro immunoglobulin E (IgE) cross-reactivity with green kiwi. This is the first study to investigate clinical reactivity of gold kiwi. Five patients clinically allergic to green kiwi were investigated by skin test and double-blind ...
Murch Simon H - - 2005
Food allergies are increasing in incidence, and the variety of triggering antigens is widening. There is also an increased recognition of the breadth of immunologically mediated responses to dietary antigens; the area of non-IgE-mediated food allergy is belatedly acquiring scientific respectability, aided by improved clinical recognition and basic scientific studies. ...
Heyman Martine - - 2005
Intestinal permeability tests used in the diagnosis of allergic diseases in response to oral food challenge have led to the conclusion that constitutive defects of the intestinal barrier are not the primary cause of allergic diseases. However, perturbation of environmental factors (infection, stress), by increasing intestinal permeability and enhancing danger ...
Wananukul Siriwan - - 2005
We conducted a prospective study at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, from June 2001 to November 2003, to identify the contribution of food allergy to urticaria in children. During the study period, 100 children with urticaria were enrolled, 36 of whom had a history suspicious of food allergy. Fifteen of 100 ...
Ko Jimmy - - 2005
Oral tolerance is the active non-response by the immune system to an antigen administered through the oral route. It is postulated that food hypersensitivity results from a breakdown in oral tolerance induction, and the importance of oral tolerance in food hypersensitivity can be traced back to classic experiments from 1911 ...
Paajanen Laura - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal hypersensitivity to cow milk (CM) may be more common among school-aged children and young adults than previously thought. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study various gastrointestinal complaints and the immunologic mechanisms associated with food-related, especially CM-related, gastrointestinal disorders in young adults. DESIGN: Of 827 subjects aged 16-21 y ...
Berstad Arnold - - 2005
Patients with food hypersensitivity suffer poor quality of life and several unexplained health complaints, both abdominal and extra-abdominal. Part of the suffering is due to healthcare providers' neglect and poor insight, allowing a strong position for alternative medicine. Distinguishing food allergy from functional and organic disorders can be extremely difficult. ...
Zapatero Remón L - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) occurs in infants. Typical symptoms include profuse vomiting and/or diarrhea several hours after ingestion of a given food. The disorder is a non-IgE mediated food hypersensitivity. The most frequently involved foods are milk and soy, but some cases of FPIES induced by solid foods ...
Baral V R - - 2005
Food allergy is being increasingly recognised with the highest prevalence being in preschool children. Pathogenesis varies so diagnosis rests on careful history and clinical examination, appropriate use of skin prick and serum-specific IgE testing, food challenge, and supervised elimination diets. A double blind placebo controlled food challenge is the gold ...
Fleischer David M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although 20% of children outgrow peanut allergy, the natural history of tree nut (TN) allergy has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: The goals of the study were to estimate the proportion of children who outgrow TN allergy and examine predictors of outgrowing it. METHODS: Patients with TN allergy, defined ...
Di Lorenzo Gabriele - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recurrent chronic idiopathic urticaria (RCIU) is a common skin condition that affects 0.1-3% of the population in the USA and Europe and accounts for nearly 75% of all 'ordinary' chronic urticaria (CU) cases. METHODS: We studied 838 consecutive patients with RCIU referred to hospital between 1998 and 2003. Patients ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a recently described disorder identified in patients with symptoms suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) but unresponsive to conventional reflux therapies. Therapies have included corticosteroids, elemental diet, and diet restriction. We report our experience with skin prick and atopy patch testing and food elimination diets ...
Rolinck-Werninghaus C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment of food allergy is elimination of the incriminated food from the diet. Specific oral tolerance induction (SOTI) seems to be a promising approach for a causal treatment; however, it is unclear whether the tolerance achieved is transient or persistent. We report on a subset of three ...
Isolauri Erika - - 2005
The increased prevalence of atopic diseases, i.e. atopic eczema, allergic rhinitis and asthma, has been described as the epidemic of the 21st century in Western societies. New approaches in the fight against allergic diseases are clearly called for, the target being the persistence of the allergic responder pattern beyond infancy. ...
Garcia-Careaga Manuel M - - 2005
Foods that account for 90% of allergic reactions in children are cow's milk protein, eggs, peanut, soy, tree nuts, fish, and wheat. Food allergy can manifest as urticaria/angioedema, anaphylaxis, atopic dermatitis, respiratory symptoms, or a gastrointestinal (GI) disorder. GI allergic manifestations can be classified as immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated (immediate ...
Ali Rahmat - - 2005
Adverse food reactions are a challenge for physicians. As the prevalence of this condition rises, it is important that paediatricians and other health care professionals adeptly diagnose this condition. We begin by discussing the relevant points in history and physical examination, then we discuss the recent effective diagnostic tests and ...
Pereira Brett B The David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, United - - 2005
There is a paucity of information on food hypersensitivity (FHS) among teenagers. We sought to investigate the sensitization rates, perception of FHS, food avoidance, and FHS assessed by means of food challenges among teenagers. This cohort study recruited 757 eleven-year-olds and 775 fifteen-year-olds in the United Kingdom. Sensitization rates, reported ...
Verstege A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The skin prick test (SPT) is regarded as an important diagnostic measure in the diagnostic work-up of food allergy. Objective To evaluate the diagnostic capacity of the SPT in predicting the outcome of oral food challenges, and to determine decision points for the weal size and the skin index ...
Kalach Nicolas - - 2005
AIM: To analyze the evolution of total and food specific IgE (Rast Fx5) titers in the course of food allergy in children. PATIENTS & METHODS: 925 children, mean age 8.9 + 9.1 years (15 days-18 years), 455 girls and 470 boys, investigated for food allergy in year 1997, underwent serum ...
Pajno G B - - 2005
We describe one case of baker's yeast true allergy in a boy with previously diagnosed mite-allergy and atopic dermatitis. At the age of 6, being atopic dermatitis and rhinitis well controlled by drugs, he began to experience generalized urticaria and asthma after eating pizza and bread, but only fresh from ...
Pénard-Morand C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergy (FA) is an important health problem. However, epidemiological studies at the population level are scarce. We assessed the prevalence of FA and its associations with respiratory manifestations among schoolchildren. METHODS: A total of 6672 schoolchildren aged 9-11 years recruited from 108 randomly chosen schools in six French ...
Akiyama Hiroshi - - 2005
The incidence of type I allergic disorders has been increasing worldwide, particularly, the hypersensitivity to food. We first showed that apple condensed tannin (ACT) intake would inhibit the development of the oral sensitization and that the inhibition could correlate with the rise in the population of TCR(gamma)delta-T cells in the ...
Mehl A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges are time-consuming, expensive and not without risk to patients. Therefore, an in vitro test that could accurately diagnose food allergy would be of great value. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of the ratio of specific immunoglobulin E (IgE)/total IgE compared with specific IgE (sIgE) alone ...
Karatay Saliha - - 2006
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of individualized diet challenges consisting of allergen foods on disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Twenty patients with positive skin prick test (SPT) response for food extracts and 20 with negative SPT response were included. All patients were instructed to restrict ...
Zar Sameer - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Food hypersensitivity is a common perception among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Data from dietary elimination and food challenge studies support an etiopathological role of diet in IBS, but there are no well-established tests to identify food hypersensitivity. AIM: To compare IgG4 and IgE titers to common food antigens ...
Vlieg-Boerstra B J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that normal concentrations of biogenic amines and 'histamine-releasing foods' may exacerbate symptoms in mastocytosis. The purpose of this study was to look for scientific evidence in the literature on diets restricted in biogenic amines and histamine-releasing foods in the treatment of mastocytosis. METHODS: Medline (1966 ...
Lind Ragna - - 2005
Perceived food hypersensitivity is much more common than food allergy as medically verified. Unexplained symptoms and wrong attribution are typical in subjective health complaints. We hypothesize that subjective health complaints and worries are abnormally prevalent among patients with subjective food hypersensitivity. Forty-six patients with subjective food hypersensitivity and two control ...
Niggemann B - - 2005
The diagnostic work-up of suspected food allergy includes the skin prick test (SPT), the measurement of food specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies using serologic assays, and more recently the atopy patch test (APT). For specific serum IgE and the SPT, decision points have been established for some foods allowing prediction ...
Martelli A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological surveys identify a 900,000-strong potential paediatric population who may self-report with food allergy in Italy. As the reference test is the double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge for diagnosis, we carried out a nation-wide questionnaire survey of hospital-based paediatric allergy centres between 1 January and 30 June 2003. METHODS: All ...
Zar Sameer - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Dietary modification improves symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Identification of offending foods by dietary elimination/re-challenge is cumbersome. IgG4 antibodies to common food antigens are elevated in IBS. The aim of this article was to evaluate the effect of exclusion diet based on IgG4 titres on IBS symptoms and ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2005
This review highlights some of the research advances in allergic skin disease, anaphylaxis, and hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects that were reported primarily in the Journal in 2004. Clinical observations included that gastrointestinal symptoms during anaphylaxis are associated with an increased risk for hypotension; recurrence of peanut allergy ...
Birmingham Neil - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hazelnut is one of the major tree nuts that causes potentially fatal food allergy, with underlying mechanisms that are unclear at present. One suggestion is that hazelnut allergy results from immune crossreactivity of IgE antibodies produced against certain aeroallergens. We tested the hypothesis that hazelnut is intrinsically capable of ...
Beyer Kirsten - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The accurate diagnosis of food allergy is crucial not only for the right treatment but also for the avoidance of unnecessary diets. The diagnostic work-up of suspected food allergy includes the measurement of food-specific IgE antibodies using serologic assays, the skin prick test, elimination diets and oral ...
Strid J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergies are an important cause of life-threatening hypersensitivity reactions. Oral tolerance can be considered the default immune response to dietary antigens, with immune deviation resulting in allergic sensitization. However, primary sensitization to food allergens may not solely be through the gastrointestinal mucosa, as strong T-helper type 2 (Th2)-biased ...
Roberts Graham - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is common in childhood. It has been suggested that the magnitude of a skin prick test or specific IgE result can improve diagnostic usefulness, but this has been addressed in only a few tertiary challenge-based studies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive value of a wheal > or ...
Bahna Sami L - - 2005
Adverse reactions to food are common but only a fraction of them are due to hypersensitivity (or allergy). Of the latter, immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated reactions appear to be the most common and best understood. A wide variety of manifestations may affect various body systems, particularly the gastrointestinal tract, skin and respiratory ...
Wang Julie - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Asthma continues to be an increasing cause of morbidity in the pediatric population, and studies have shown an association between food sensitivity and asthma. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the degree of food allergen sensitization in inner-city patients with asthma. METHODS: Five hundred four random serum samples from the National Cooperative ...
van Odijk J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A firm diagnosis of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) would facilitate the diagnosis in patients with uncertain history of reaction. Guidelines are lacking for an upper provoking dose and how to hide high concentrations of peanuts. AIM: To develop and evaluate a double-blind recipe with minimum 10% of peanut. ...
Scurlock Amy M - - 2005
Food allergic reactions have generated increasing concern in the United States, with approximately one fourth of American households altering their dietary habits because a member of the family is perceived to suffer from food allergies. IgE-mediated (type I) hypersensitivity accounts for most well-characterized food allergic reactions, although non-IgE-mediated immune mechanisms ...
Arslan Gülen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Owing to lack of objective measures, the diagnosis of food hypersensitivity may be difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the intestinal response to direct provocation in patients with food hypersensitivity could be recognized by ultrasound. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with chronic abdominal complaints, self-attributed ...
Agarkhedkar S R - - 2005
Twenty-four patients of moderate persistent perennial asthma with documented aggravation to severe persistent asthma, during monsoon season in the past two years, were put on specific elimination diet during August and September. The diet was based on results of in-vitro allergy tests for a selected food panel. On specific elimination ...
Marcucci F - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is often associated with pollen-induced rhinitis, and there are preferential associations between causative substances. If OAS and rhinitis are both immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated and there are cross-reacting proteins, it is expected that similar reactions can be elicited in the nose and mouth. In order to test ...
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