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Results 251 - 300 of 1034
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Simon D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is often associated with concomitant atopic diseases. In children with EE in whom food allergens have been identified as causative factors, elemental and elimination diets result in an improvement or resolution of symptoms. Most adult EE patients are sensitized to aeroallergens, which cross-react with plant-derived food ...
Drisko Jeanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In Irritable Bowel Syndrome, the gut-associated immune system may be up-regulated resulting in immune complex production, low-grade inflammation, loss of Class I bacteria, and translocation of inflammatory mediators and macromolecules outside of the GI lumen. Since food intolerance may be one of the reasons for this upregulation, our goal ...
Vaali Kirsi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Studies of the pathological mechanisms of food allergy have been impeded by the lack of relevant animal models. The purpose of this study was to develop a physiological model of food allergy that was not dependent on immunostimulatory adjuvants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Balb/c mice were epicutaneously sensitized four times ...
Ah-Leung S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk (CM) allergy is the most frequent cause of food allergy in infants. Most children who are allergic to CM are also sensitized to whey proteins and/or to the casein fraction and many of them cannot tolerate goat's or sheep's milk (GSM) either. Conversely, the GSM allergies that ...
Crespo Jesus F - - 2006
Nuts are a well-defined cause of food allergy, which affect approximately 1 % of the general population in the UK and the USA. There do appear to be differences in the frequency of nut allergy between different countries because of different dietary habits and cooking procedures. For example, in the ...
Allen Katrina J - - 2006
Food allergies in children present with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including anaphylaxis, urticaria, angioedema, atopic dermatitis and gastrointestinal symptoms (such as vomiting, diarrhoea and failure to thrive). Symptoms usually begin in the first 2 years of life, often after the first known exposure to the food. Immediate reactions ...
Knight Adina Kay - - 2006
The diagnosis of food allergy requires obtaining a detailed medical history and consideration of differential diagnosis. The offending food(s) may be identified by the medical history, trials of elimination diets, SPT, food-specific IgE measurement, or some combination. However, the reliability of these methods is usually suboptimal, and confirmation of the ...
Cruz Narlito V - - 2006
The possible role of foods or additives in causing behavioral disorders in children, particularly ADHD, has been a controversial subject both among health care providers and the public. However, a critical review of the literature provides very limited support for such a relationship. On encountering such cases, the healthcare professional ...
Alvarado M I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of food allergy in patients referred to our Allergy Unit and to evaluate the diagnostic methods used. METHODS: We selected 674 patients referred to the Allergy Unit of our hospital from May 2002 to October 2004. The prevalence of ...
Granot E - - 2006
De novo development of food allergy is an infrequent but potentially serious complication of transplantation. An increased prevalence of food allergy noted specifically in children receiving tacrolimus immunosuppression supports the hypothesis that selective suppression of Th1 lymphocytes by the IL-2 inhibitor immunosuppressants CsA, and the more potent drug, tacrolimus , ...
Mehl Anne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing need to develop test instruments that make oral food challenges superfluous. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the utility of atopy patch tests (APTs) in the diagnostic workup of food allergy. METHODS: We investigated 437 children (median age, 13 months; 90% with atopic dermatitis) referred for ...
Raithel M M Functional Tissue Diagnostics, Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine I, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Ulmenweg 18, Erlangen 91054, Germany. - - 2006
This study evaluated colorectal mucosal histamine release in response to blinded food challenge-positive and -negative food antigens as a new diagnostic procedure. 19 patients suffering from gastrointestinally mediated allergy confirmed by blinded oral provocation were investigated on grounds of their case history, skin prick tests, serum IgE detection and colorectal ...
Park M-I - - 2006
A significant proportion of adults believe they suffer from food allergy, and 20-65% of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) attribute their symptoms to something in food that activates an abnormal response. This systematic review evaluates the role of food allergy in aetiology and management of these disorders. Activation of ...
Prescott Vanessa E - - 2006
Individuals with food allergy often present with uritcaria and atopic dermatitis. Indeed, susceptibility to food allergy may predispose to the development of these cutaneous allergic disorders. Recently, we developed a model of food allergy, whereby oral consumption of food [pea Pisum sativum L.; expressing alpha-amylase inhibitor-1 (alphaAI) from the common ...
Fogg Matthew I - - 2006
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is thought to be a non-IgE mediated food allergy syndrome. Affected infants typically demonstrate gastrointestinal symptoms after hours after ingestion of the offending food. Traditional allergy testing is not useful for this disorder because tests for food specific IgE are routinely negative. A diagnostic oral ...
Venter Carina C The David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, - - 2006
There is a paucity of information on food hypersensitivity (FHS) in young children and there are even fewer population-based studies in this area. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of parentally reported FHS, and objectively diagnosed FHS amongst six-year-old children and to establish the rates of ...
Ventura M T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An abnormal intestinal permeability could contribute to establish an altered sensitivity to food-allergen. AIM: To evaluate the intestinal permeability in subjects with adverse reactions to food on allergen-free diet. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one patients with food allergy and 20 with food hypersensitivity on allergen-free diet were enrolled and divided in four ...
Bakos Noemi - - 2006
For elderly people, epidemiological data are rare for respiratory allergies and completely missing for food allergies. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors for sensitizations in 109 people with a mean age of 77 years, who are living in a geriatric nursing home. The ...
Schiavino D - - 2006
Nickel allergy is the most common contact allergy. Some nickel-sensitive patients present systemic (cutaneous and/or digestive) symptoms related to the ingestion of high nickel-content foods, which significantly improve after a specific low nickel-content diet. The etiopathogenetic role of nickel in the genesis of systemic disorders is, furthermore, demonstrated by the ...
Zhao Yu - - 2006
Jia Wei Cang Er Zi San, a traditional Chinese herbal formula, has been used to treat allergic rhinitis (AR) for several centuries. However, its effect on experimental animal models and its therapeutic mechanism remain unclear. To study the effect of Shu-Bi-Lin, a modified Jia Wei Cang Er Zi San, on ...
Hojsak Iva - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated allergic reaction, usually to cow's milk or soy protein. The aim is to present a series of infants with enterocolitis syndrome developed after rice ingestion. To our knowledge, the issue has only once been described in patients from Europe. ...
Cantani A - - 2006
The initial diagnostic approach of food allergy (FA) is to take a detailed history and to perform a careful physical examination in the gastrointestinal, cutaneous and respiratory systems. Subsequently, verification of the relationship between the symptom(s) and the ingestion of the offending food(s) is mandatory, and finally determination of the ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2006
The interpretation of the atopy patch test (APT) to foods is not standardized. This study aimed to validate the reading of the APT in terms of the diagnostic accuracy of individual skin signs. Eighty-seven children (mean age 2.4 +/- 2.5 yr, range 0.5-13.5; 57 male) with atopic dermatitis (AD) and ...
Palmer Debra Jane - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate whether the diet of lactating women modulates the development of allergic disease in their children. RECENT FINDINGS: Although maternal avoidance of common food protein allergens was previously recommended for lactating women with infants predisposed to allergic disease, recent expert reviews have concluded that there is ...
Venter Carina C David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Newport, United - - 2006
There are very few population-based studies investigating the incidence of food hypersensitivity during the first year of life. To determine the incidence of parentally reported food hypersensitivity and objectively diagnosed food hypersensitivity during the first year of life. A birth cohort was recruited (n = 969). At 3, 6, 9, ...
Carroccio Antonio - - 2006
Chronic constipation that is unresponsive to laxative treatment is a severe illness, but children unresponsive to laxatives have been successfully treated with an elimination diet. We report the first cases of refractory chronic constipation caused by food hypersensitivity in adults. Four patients with refractory constipation who were unresponsive to high ...
Palacín Aránzazu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Food IgE-mediated allergy to members of the Brassicaceae family has been increasingly reported. OBJECTIVE: To characterize cabbage-Brassica oleracea var capitata-allergy and its major allergens. METHODS: A prospective study was performed, recruiting 17 patients allergic to cabbage, and control subjects. Skin prick tests and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges were performed. ...
Baser Michael E - - 2006
Diagnostic criteria for schwannomatosis have been proposed in a recent consensus statement. These criteria permit schwannomatosis to be distinguished from neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) in most patients, but there is some clinical overlap between the two diseases. In this study, the authors use data from the population-based United Kingdom NF2 ...
Bezerra-Santos Cláudio R - - 2006
Development of new agents capable of regulating eosinophilic inflammation can uncover novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of allergic diseases, such as asthma. Here, we evaluated the anti-allergic properties of an extract of the Brazilian Menispermaceae Cissampelos sympodialis, focusing on its effects on allergic eosinophilia. By studying two models of ...
Cantani A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several elimination diets have been suggested based on results of skin prick tests (SPTs) or IgE antibodies to foods, thus allowing the identification of the most common offending food(s), including CM (cow's milk), egg, peanut and wheat. But unbalanced, inappropriate dietary manipulation in infants with food allergy (FA) can ...
Hon K L E - - 2006
Issues on empirical dietary restriction or supplementation are important but inadequately studied in children with atopic eczema (AE). The dietary habits of children with AE followed at a paediatric dermatology clinic (n = 179) were compared with those without eczema (n = 78). The mothers of 53% of the patients ...
Heine Ralf G - - 2006
Egg allergy is a common food hypersensitivity in children. Atopic dermatitis represents the main clinical manifestation in infancy. On first exposure, many of these infants present with urticaria, angioedema, or anaphylaxis. The role of egg allergy in gastrointestinal conditions is less well understood. The "gold standard" for the diagnosis of ...
Kendler Michael - - 2006
Atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) commonly often arises during early infancy. In several intervention studies a beneficial influence on AEDS course of certain intestinal bacteria, administered as 'probiotics', has been described. To evaluate the possible role of the natural intestinal microflora in children with allergic eczema/dermatitis syndrome regarding immediate type hypersensitivity ...
Antón Remírez Judith - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Esophagitis is an increasingly diagnosed disease. Patients with gastroesophagic reflux, dysphagia, vomiting or abdominal pain, with a torpid response to the treatment, could be suffering from it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 37 year-old male patient with background of gastroesophagic reflux and dysphagia for solids since 2002, self-limited diarrhea episodes ...
Ozcelik Onur - - 2006
Food intolerance is the term used to describe a hypersensitivity reaction to a food component. These reactions refer to the drug-like side effects caused by a range of chemicals that may be present in food as natural or added components. The range of symptoms which can be induced by food ...
Hvatum M - - 2006
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often feel there is an association between food intake and rheumatoid disease severity. To investigate a putative immunological link between gut immunity and RA, food antibodies were measured in serum and perfusion fluid from the jejunum of RA patients and healthy controls to determine the ...
Maintz Laura - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A diminished histamine degradation based on a reduced diaminoxidase activity is suspected as a reason for non-IgE-mediated food intolerance caused by histamine. Atopic eczema (AE) is often complicated by relapses triggered by IgE-mediated allergy to different kinds of food. However, in a subgroup of patients with AE, allergy testing ...
Beaudouin E - - 2006
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIA) is defined as the onset of allergic symptoms during, or immediately after, exercise, the clinical signs being various degrees of urticaria, angioedema, respiratory and gastrointestinal signs and even anaphylactic shock. Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA) introduces food in the syndrome and is revealed by a chronological sequence in ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2006
Food allergy, defined as an adverse immune response to food proteins, affects as many as 6% of young children and 3% to 4% of adults. Food-induced allergic reactions are responsible for a variety of symptoms involving the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory tract and might be caused by IgE-mediated and ...
Schiller Lawrence R - - 2006
Diet often is blamed for digestive symptoms, particularly diarrhea, and patients with diarrhea and malabsorption usually request guidance about what to eat. Food-induced symptoms are very common. Although many recommendations have been made for dietary management in diarrheal diseases, there is little supportive evidence for efficacy for any of them. ...
Davidsson Anette A Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medicine and Care, Section of Clinical Physiology, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden. - - 2007
Infiltration of inflammatory cells in bronchial mucosa and glandular hypersecretion are hallmarks of asthma. It has been postulated that exhaled breath condensate (EBC) mirrors events in epithelial lining fluid of airways, such as presence of local inflammation as well as glandular hypersecretion. It is also well known that eosinophil cationic ...
Kontis Kris J - - 2006
It has been reported that in vitro measurement of food-specific IgE can be used to accurately predict food allergy and reduce the risk associated with double-blinded placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC). Our objective was to assess the performance characteristics of the Hycor Turbo-MP quantitative radioimmunoassay for food-specific IgE and to determine ...
DuBuske L M - - 2006
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) plays a central role in the development of allergic diseases. In sensitized individuals, IgE antibodies bind to receptors on mast cell and basophil surfaces, releasing preformed and newly generated mediators that initiate an immunologic cascade and inflammatory symptoms. Omalizumab (Xolair) is a humanized monoclonal antibody designed to ...
Martín-Muñoz María F - - 2006
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is a clinical-pathological disorder which is being increasingly diagnosed. It is etiologically associated with hypersensitivity to airborne allergens and/or dietary components. However, immediate hypersensitivity to foods has rarely been proven as the etiologic cause of the disorder. Two patients are presented with a history of rhinoconjunctivitis, allergic ...
Yoshida Tadashi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: IL-12 is a Th1-inducing cytokine and known to be induced by some food factors. This function of such foods is expected to be applied for antiallergic materials. However, the influence of IL-12 on the immune responses has not been fully investigated. Oral tolerance is an immunologically unresponsive state induced ...
Ortolani Claudio - - 2006
Adverse reactions to foods, aside from those considered toxic, are caused by a particular individual intolerance towards commonly tolerated foods. Intolerance derived from an immunological mechanism is referred to as Food Allergy, the non-immunological form is called Food Intolerance. IgE-mediated food allergy is the most common and dangerous type of ...
Allenspach K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the colonoscopic allergen provocation (COLAP) test as a new tool for the diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy. METHODS: Oral food challenges as well as COLAP testing were performed in a colony of nine research dogs with proven immediate-type food allergic reactions. In addition, COLAP was performed in ...
Metugriachuk Yussef - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to test a prebiotic-phytotherapic compound in an experimental model of oral allergenicity. METHODS: Antigen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) elevated mice were prepared by injecting them intraperitoneally with 10 microg of ovalbumin. Subsequently, the mice were exposed to ovalbumin solution intranasally and blood samples ...
Arslan Gulen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Abdominal complaints related to food intake might be due to hypersensitivity. A firm diagnosis of food allergy is often difficult to establish, particularly in the absence of systemic food-specific IgE. Using ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) we were able to visualise the intestinal response in one such case. ...
Verlinden A - - 2006
Food allergy (FA) is defined as "all immune-mediated reactions following food intake," in contrast with food intolerance (FI), which is non-immune-mediated. Impairment of the mucosal barrier and loss of oral tolerance are risk factors for the development of FA. Type I, III, and IV hypersensitivity reactions are the most likely ...
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