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Sánchez-Borges M - - 1997
Increasing attention has recently been paid to a group of patients who experience anaphylaxis after ingestion of foods prepared with mite-contaminated wheat flour. We present three cases of this syndrome, which occurs more often in young adults with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma. We have observed an increased frequency of sensitivity ...
Cantani A - - 1997
Atopic diseases of infants and children are common, debilitating, chronic and sometimes even life-threatening. Several well-conducted studies in high risk babies have demonstrated a significant reduction in the prevalence and severity of atopic diseases with dietary and environmental manipulations. The currently available cow's milk (CM) substitutes for infants are soy ...
Pearl E R - - 1997
Food allergy is an immunologically mediated hypersensitivity reaction that occurs in 1% to 2% of the general population and in about 8% of children. Reactions mediated by IgE antibodies are the most common type of food allergy and can cause asthma, rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and anaphylaxis, which can be ...
Del Pozo M D - - 1997
Anisakis simplex, a parasite of fish and cephalopods, can induce IgE-mediated reactions. This study aimed to determine the etiologic role of A. simplex in patients affected by urticaria/angioedema (AE) or anaphylaxis. We studied 100 adult subjects suffering acute episodes of urticaria/AE, by anamnesis, prick tests with A. simplex and fish-mix ...
Oehling A - - 1997
According to Hansen's contact rule, the digestive system should be considered as the main shock organ, yet in food allergy, this is not the case. Very often specific food triggers clinical manifestations not involving the digestive system; that is, reactions are manifested either in the respiratory system, as asthma or ...
Brehler R - - 1997
An association between allergies to latex proteins and to various foods has been reported and confirmed by RAST and immunoblotting inhibition. However, no significant data had been collected on the frequency of specific IgE antibodies to fruits in these patients and the frequency of a history of fruit intolerance. Serum ...
Kitts D - - 1997
Food allergies and intolerance represent important health concerns to consumers who are predisposed to these illnesses. Unlike many current food safety issues, food sensitivities are complicated by both complex and multiple individual adverse reactions, which can vary from emotional to pathophysiological ailments. In some instances, the underlying mechanisms that result ...
Rao S S - - 1997
Gaseous belching, bloating, and flatulence are common complaints. These symptoms may herald the onset of important and treatable gastrointestinal diseases or may represent functional bowel disorders. The clinical challenge is to identify a cause so as to exclude serious gastrointestinal diseases and provide symptomatic relief. Detailed history taking and examination ...
Werfel S J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cow's milk is one of the most common food allergens in children. Limited information is available on the prevalence of reactivity to a related food source, beef. The purposes of this study were to examine the prevalence of symptomatic sensitivity to beef in a selected pediatric population and to ...
Blanco C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis after ingestion of flours contaminated with mites has been recently reported. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to determine whether four-induced reactions in the absence of food sensitivity may result from mite contamination. METHODS: Patients with systemic reactions after ingestion of foods containing wheat flour and without food sensitivities ...
Sütas Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A major feature of atopic dermatitis (AD) is the propensity to generate IgE to environmental antigens. Despite extensive information on IgE dysregulation in AD, the nature of immune responses to ingested allergens is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and immunological responses to food in AD patients. METHODS: ...
Ermel R W - - 1997
The renewed interest in food allergy and its investigation has been hampered by the lack of an appropriate animal model with similar comparative aspects of form and function relative to humans. Therefore we have been characterizing an inbred colony of high immunoglobulin E-producing dogs that were immunized subcutaneously with food ...
Tubiolo V C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal complaints and pruritic skin conditions are common in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Because atopic disorders such as drug allergy, asthma, and allergic rhinitis are apparently increased, we hypothesized that food allergy may also be more common in patients with HIV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this ...
Monteleone C A - - 1997
Asthma is a syndrome that may have many causes resulting in airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. The search for the causes of asthma has led to the investigation of genetic, atopic, viral, and nutritional factors. For the last 2 decades, a number of studies have linked particular nutrients to asthma. The ...
Polasani R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Asthma induced by the inhalation of food vapors is unusual and indicative of extreme allergy. Identification of the specific cause and subsequent avoidance is essential. METHODS: We report a patient with asthma who had status asthmaticus following inhalation of boiling hot dog vapors. Prick skin tests were performed to ...
van Halteren A G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Allergic reactions to food are characterized by enhanced allergen-specific IgE serum levels and the activation of intestinal mast cells. Here we describe a murine model for the onset of food allergy and the role of cytokines in the regulation of food-induced IgE responses. METHODS: Mice were primed systemically with ...
Bengtsson U - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Food intolerance in adults is mostly associated with vague symptoms and not clearly related to atopy and food allergy. A combination of different pathogenetic mechanisms may be responsible for the symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe patients with a history of food-related gastrointestinal symptoms in ...
Liccardi G - - 1996
We describe two uncommon cases of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) after eating pistachio nuts (p.n.) in subjects (a 54-year-old man and a 3-year-old girl) with exclusive skin prick test (SPT) positivity to Parietaria (P.) and pistachio nut (p.n.) allergens. Serologic P.- and p.n.-specific IgE determinations were also carried out. A ...
Garcia Ortiz J C - - 1996
It is known that patients with pollinosis may display clinical characteristics caused by allergy to certain fruits and vegetables, but subjects allergic to Artemisia seem to show particularly peculiar characteristics. The clinical features of 84 patients with rhinitis, asthma, urticaria, and/or anaphylaxis whose inhalant allergy was exclusively to Artemisia vulgaris ...
Reekers R - - 1996
In this study we evaluated antigen-specific in vitro responses of peripheral blood lymphocytes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-depleted food allergens in children who reacted to food challenge (cow's milk or hen's egg) with a deterioration of their atopic dermatitis (AD). Some of the children showed immediate symptoms (urticaria, bronchial asthma or gastrointestinal ...
Kanny G - - 1996
Histamine in food may be responsible for some cases of food intolerance. We previously demonstrated disturbances in the metabolism of ingested histamine in patients with chronic urticaria (CU) and proposed that this could be related to increased intestinal permeability to histamine. The present study was undertaken to look for ultrastructural ...
Meer S - - 1996
Severe reactive airways disease (RAD) in children is frequently associated with gastroesophageal reflux or food allergy. However a relationship between these two confounding factors has yet to be investigated. We postulate that, in certain patients with micro-aspiration of gastric contents into the airways, food allergens sensitize T cells in the ...
Bischoff S C - - 1996
The role of allergic reactions in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease and irritable bowel syndrome has been disputed. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of adverse reactions to food in patients with gastrointestinal disease. A total of 375 adult patients of a gastroenterologic outpatient clinic were examined by ...
Iwamoto M A - - 1996
Determining the etiology and appropriate management of ptosis requires a directed evaluation seeking specific signs and symptoms. The clinical significance of such concomitant findings as motility deficits, pupillary abnormalities, levator function abnormalities, ocular manifestations, and associated systemic symptoms are discussed. Management options for correction of specific types of ptosis are ...
Björnsson E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The results from a population study on respiratory symptoms and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in relation to symptoms of food intolerance and sensitization to food allergens are reported. METHODS: The study included 1,812 men and women, aged 20 to 44 years and residents in three areas of Sweden who participated in ...
Corey J P - - 1996
The role of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy in subjects with allergic disorders, especially in patients with rhinitis and sinusitis, is underestimated by clinicians because of the initial attribution of these disorders to immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions. The difficulties of diagnosing food-related reactions have caused further delay in their recognition and incorporation ...
Jansen A - - 1996
A patient is described with the bird-egg syndrome who experienced an anaphylactic reaction after eating some of her parrot's food (pine nuts: Pinus pinea). Specific IgE against this nut and another pine nut (P. cembra) was demonstrated by RAST. Cross-reactivity between these botanically related seeds was shown by RAST inhibition. ...
Caffarelli C - - 1996
Four children under 12 years of age with food dependent, exercise induced anaphylaxis (EIAn) were investigated. These children and five controls performed exercise challenges when fasting and one hour after a meal without food suspected to predispose to the reaction. Patients then performed exercise tests after intake of each suspected ...
Hodge L - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Identification of food chemical intolerance in asthmatic subjects can be reliably assessed by changes in the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in response to double blind, placebo controlled challenges on a strict elimination diet. However, this method is cumbersome and time consuming. A study was undertaken to ...
Peveler R - - 1996
Beliefs about symptoms, food and health, mood disturbance, consulting behavior, and eating habits and attitudes were assessed by postal questionnaire in 273 adults who complained of food intolerance in a community study. In contrast to previous studies conducted in allergy clinics, most subjects who reported symptoms related to foods that ...
Woods R K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The influence of diet in asthma control remains unclear. However, there is likely to be a wide gap between patient perceptions and the probable actual role. Some 20-60% of people with asthma report food as a trigger factor while approximately 2.5% react to double-blind placebo-controlled challenges. The aim of ...
Jeffers J G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To characterize specific food ingredients causing allergic reactions in dogs and to assess cross-reactivity between proteins derived from a single animal source or from different plant products. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 25 dogs with histories and cutaneous signs consistent with food-allergic dermatitis. PROCEDURE: Dogs were fed a food-elimination diet ...
Ohtsuka T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Food hypersensitivity, from the standpoint of pathogenesis as well as clinical management, remains controversial. During the food allergen-induced immediate hypersensitivity reaction, various chemical mediators are released. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine whether thromboxane A2 participates in food antigen-induced responses in children with food hypersensitivity. METHODS: ...
Bengtsson U - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for adverse reactions to foods in the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. There is conflicting evidence in the literature on the role for IgE mediated allergy in gastrointestinal reactions to staple foods. AIM: The aim was therefore to study the role of IgE mediated allergy in a ...
André F - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with food allergy had a cytokine imbalance of interleukin (IL)-4 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production. Diagnostic procedures including skin prick tests, determination of food-specific serum IgEs, and positive double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenges identified 15 adult patients. They were compared with 15 ...
Beezhold D H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate crossreactivity between latex and foods, to identify crossreacting IgE binding proteins, and to assess the clinical significance. METHODS: Forty-seven latex allergic patients and 46 non-latex allergic patient controls were studied. Allergen sensitization was determined by skin-prick testing (SPT) and allergenic proteins ...
Randolph C - - 1996
Latex immediate hypersensitivity has been documented in 28% to 67% of spina bifida patients, 2.6%-16.9% of health care workers and at least 1% of the general population. Additionally, it has been confirmed in food-sensitive individuals sensitive to cross-reacting foods such as chestnut, avocado, banana, and passion fruits. Recently it has ...
Tang R B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to compare two techniques used to determine the food specific IgE antibody. METHODS: Thirty-four allergic patients were evaluated for most common food IgE antibodies by multiple allergosorbent chemiluminescent assay (MAST-CLA). IgE antibodies to eight of these food allergens were also measured by Pharmacia CAP ...
James J M - - 1996
To investigate the possible pathogenic role of food allergy in asthma, airway hyperresponsiveness was measured by methacholine inhalation challenges (MIC) performed before and after double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) in 26 food-allergic, asthmatic patients. Airway hyperresponsiveness was classified as severe in two cases (PD20FEV1 < 2 breath units, BU), moderate ...
van Ree R - - 1996
Sera of 17 patients receiving immunotherapy for house-dust mite allergy were tested for IgE antibodies against snail and shrimp. Serum samples were taken at the start of immunotherapy and 14-20 months later. While the average IgE response to mite, Der p 1, and Der p 2 did not alter significantly, ...
Asero R - - 1996
To determine why a significant proportion of birch pollen-sensitive patients do not have the oral allergy syndrome (OAS), possible predictive in vivo or in vitro tests for OAS were sought in a large retrospective and prospective follow-up study performed in 283 patients with clinical evidence of birch pollen hypersensitivity. OAS ...
Majamaa H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is contemplated in atopic eczema. Early recognition of food allergies is difficult and the diagnosis is often missed because of the non-specificity of symptoms. New non-invasive tests are clearly needed. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We measured the concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, eosinophil cationic protein and alpha-1 antitrypsin ...
Bengtsson U - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for adverse reactions to foods in the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. Presently, only limited possibilities are available for identification of adverse immunological reactions to different foods. OBJECTIVE: The intestinal inflammatory reactions in adult patients with a history of milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms were studied after intestinal challenges ...
Antico A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Oral allergy syndrome is a distinctive type of allergy to food resulting from direct contact between food and the oral mucosa. Normally, it affects patients who are allergic to pollens. It can be challenged by testing for hypersensitivity to fresh fruit or vegetables in well-known associations. Oral allergy syndrome ...
Frick O L - - 1996
The food sensitive dog provides a good animal model for food allergy, whose allergic reaction can be followed serially with repeated challenges both in skin and by oral challenges and by endoscopic direct visualization and serial biopsies. This model is proving useful in showing reduced allergenicity in food allergens-soy, wheat, ...
Paterson S - - 1995
Canine food allergy can be defined as a nonseasonal, pruritic skin disorder of dogs that is associated with the ingestion of a substance found in the dog's diet. This study records the use of a proprietary dried fish, corn and soya-based diet for the investigation and maintenance of food allergic ...
Candy S S Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur - - 1995
Debate exists about the role of diet in both the aetiology and the management of ulcerative colitis. To examine the latter, a group of patients with documented ulcerative colitis was studied at the Groote Schuur Hospital Gastro-intestinal Clinic. A total of 18 subjects, 9 female and 9 male, were randomised ...
Florido-Lopez J F - - 1995
Precipitation of food allergy reactions is well known in some patients with pollinosis when they consume natural food, such as honey or camomile tea. We present 9 patients with hay fever, with or without asthma, who experienced systemic allergic reactions after ingestion of natural honeys from two local areas (Andujar ...
Romano A - - 1995
Fourteen patients with suspected food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIAn) were subjected to prick tests with commercial food extracts and common airborne allergens, prick + prick tests with fresh foods, determination of total IgE levels, and specific IgE for 31 foods (CAP System FEIA RAST). All were positive for two or more ...
Lucarelli S - - 1995
The etiopathogenesis of infantile autism is still unknown. Recently some authors have suggested that food peptides might be able to determine toxic effects at the level of the central nervous system by interacting with neurotransmitters. In fact a worsening of neurological symptoms has been reported in autistic patients after the ...
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