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Sánchez-López G - - 2000
The quick spread of AIDS and other contagious infectious diseases has resulted in what was first voluntary, and subsequently recommended and compulsory, use of protection from contact with blood or bodily fluids. This protection has been especially widespread in the healthcare field. In the in vivo diagnosis of food allergy, ...
Lüttkopf D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recently, for the first time, allergy to celery was confirmed by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Api g 1, Api g 4, cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCD), and a 60 kDa allergen have been described as celery allergens. OBJECTIVE: To get insights in IgE responses of patients with a positive ...
Ballmer-Weber B K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Celery root is a frequent cause of food allergy in pollen-sensitized patients. Because of problems in blinding challenges with fresh vegetables and the risk of anaphylactic reactions, no double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenges (DBPCFCs) with celery have been published so far. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to confirm ...
Sütas Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Aberrant cytokine production in vitro has been associated with atopic disease. No study has as yet been made of the circulating cytokine profiles in atopic patients with food allergy in response to oral allergen challenge. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of oral allergen challenge on the serum cytokine concentrations ...
Reindl J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Allergy to zucchini (Cucurbita pepo), a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, has not previously been reported. We examined 4 patients complaining of allergic symptoms, such as oral allergy syndrome, nausea, diarrhea, or pruritus, after the intake of zucchini. OBJECTIVE: After the confirmation of food allergy, we wanted to characterize ...
Dixon H S - - 2000
This preliminary, descriptive study after extensive clinical experience demonstrates specific IgG food RASTs done in 114 consecutive patients with strong positive histories for delayed food allergy. Elimination of the positive foods was the sole means of treatment. The symptoms leading to the test are detailed, and the method of workup ...
Laan M P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors induce allergic sensitization and subsequently local inflammation, resulting in atopic manifestations. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether immunological features reflecting sensitization (total and specific IgE levels, allergen-induced proliferative responses and skin tests) and markers of inflammation (plasma sE-selectin and blood eosinophils) are related ...
Gendeh B S - - 2000
The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of food and house dust mite (HDM) allergy in patients with nasal congestion and rhinorrhea attending the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, National University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. This was a prospective matched, controlled study of patients skin prick tested with commercial food ...
Eigenmann P A - - 2000
Diagnosis of food allergy in children with atopic dermatitis (AD) relies on a good knowledge of the prevalence of the disease and of the foods most frequently involved. Our objective was to define these characteristics in a population-of Swiss children with AD. Patients referred to a pediatric allergist or a ...
Chiu A M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Allergic symptoms caused by spices and herbs are infrequent and usually mild, although occasionally, severe allergic reactions do occur. Symptoms of pruritus, rhinitis, cough, and edema have been reported to spices including curry, paprika, pepper, and mustard. To our knowledge, this is the first case of confirmed dill allergy, ...
Vasar M - - 2000
Atopic diseases and atopic sensitization were studied from birth up to 2 y in a population-based prospective study. Physical examinations were done at 6, 12 and 24 mo, including skin-prick tests and blood samples, for the determination of serum IgE level and circulating IgE antibodies to food and inhalant allergens. ...
Bischoff S C - - 2000
There have frequently been doubts as to the relevance of food allergy, in particular as far as the involvement of the intestinal tract is concerned. Several studies, however, have confirmed the existence of allergic reactions in the gut, with an estimated prevalence of about 1-2% in adults. Clinical symptoms are ...
Worm M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions to food play an important role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). In infancy and childhood, food allergies are observed in up to 30%, whereas nonallergic hypersensitivity reactions (pseudoallergic reactions) towards food additives have been reported to occur between 2 and 7%. By contrast, sensitizations towards ...
Pascual C Y - - 2000
Epidemiological surveys demonstrate that rapid increase in allergic diseases is a real phenomenon. In developed countries they are about the commonest chronic diseases, reaching between 15% and 30% of the population. Adverse reaction to food can be divided into toxic reaction and non-toxic reactions. The non-toxic reactions are divided into ...
Niggemann B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: While immediate-type clinical reactions to food can quite easily be identified by history or measurement of specific IgE in combination with positive oral food challenges, the evaluation of food allergy in the absence of immediate clinical reactions still presents diagnostic difficulties--particularly in children with atopic dermatitis. The objective of ...
Sicherer S H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenges (DBPCFCs) are considered the "gold standard" for diagnosing food hypersensitivity, but the dose that elicits positive challenges, or determinants that may predict dose-response relationships, have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the quantity of food that elicits reactions during DBPCFCs and ...
Ortolani C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Tree nuts are a common cause of food allergy in Europe. However, few studies deal with real food allergy to hazelnuts in subjects believed to be allergic to this food. OBJECTIVE: We sought to select subjects with a history of allergic reactions on ingestion of hazelnut and determine how ...
Romano C - - 2000
We describe herein four unusual clinical cases of rare allergy to foods in patients affected by allergic rhinitis and asthma. The patients were skin tested both with commercial food extracts and using prick-prick procedure with fresh foods. Total and specific IgE in serum were determined by REAST. Grapes, lupine seeds, ...
Levy Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: According to studies from different countries, the prevalence of natural rubber latex sensitization in healthcare workers ranges from 2.9 to 17%. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of NRL-specific IgE antibodies in healthcare workers in Israel. METHODS: Three hundred healthcare workers, mostly from a major pediatric tertiary care facility, and ...
Levy D A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Many latex-allergic patients are sensitized to one or more foods. Patients allergic to tree and/or grass pollens are also often sensitized to plant-derived foods. Atopy, defined in most studies as sensitivity to an aeroallergen, is a risk factor for latex allergy. The relative importance of pollen sensitivity, a sign ...
Aba-Alkhail B A - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the role of clinical sensitivity to food on the pattern of bronchial asthma. METHODS: A total of 1341 patients with asthma were included in the present study. The clinical sensitivity to food and its relation to respiratory symptoms were assessed cross-sectionally (using detailed ...
Bock S A - - 2000
During the past 25 years the diagnostic assessment of IgE-associated food hypersensitivity has improved substantially. The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge has become the "gold-standard" against which all other diagnostic approaches can be measured. Having a standard which gives a correct answer almost all of the time, has enabled us to ...
Sicherer S H - - 2000
Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a symptom complex of severe vomiting and diarrhea caused by non-IgE-mediated allergy to cow's milk and/or soy in infants. Symptoms typically begin in the first month of life in association with failure to thrive and may progress to acidemia and methemoglobinemia. Symptoms resolve after ...
Dupont C - - 2000
The expression of food protein allergy in man is very heterogeneous, varies with the age of the subject and is to a certain extent genetically determined. Skin prick tests with standardized food extracts are a sensitive method for detection of immunoglobulin E bound to reactive cells such as mast cells. ...
Nilsson C - - 1999
We here report a girl, now 3 years old, who has suffered from severe food allergy since her first year of life. She was strongly allergic to cow's milk, and had high levels of IgE antibody (AB) to casein (210 kU/I), beta-lactoglobulin (43 kU/I), and alpha-lactalbumin (23 kU/l) at 12 ...
Yazicio─člu M - - 1999
There is a perception that asthmatic symptoms may be worsoned by ingestion of certain foods. This study aimed to investigate whether ingestion of cow's milk or egg might induce respiratory symptoms in asthmatic children. Fifty asthmatic children aged 1.5 to 6 years old, with positive Immulite Food Panel FP5 test ...
Gislason D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of atopic sensitization and possible risk factors for allergies in two ethnically similar but geographically widely separated urban populations. METHODS: Data from two centers of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey, Reykjavik, Iceland, and Uppsala, Sweden, were utilized. This ...
Sicherer S H - - 1999
In many situations, the diagnosis of food allergy rests simply upon a history of an acute onset of typical symptoms, such as hives and wheezing, following the isolated ingestion of a suspected food, with confirmatory laboratory studies of positive prick skin tests or Radioallergosorbent tests. However, the diagnosis is more ...
Koppelman S J - - 1999
Hazelnuts are widely used in the food industry owing to their nutritive value and taste. The amount of hazelnut present in a recipe is usually considered as a mark of quality. On the other hand, contamination of foods that normally do not contain hazelnuts is a threat for patients with ...
Santos J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is a common complaint among patients with a broad spectrum of abdominal and extra-abdominal symptoms that must be distinguished from other more common non-immunological food intolerances. AIMS: To investigate whether human intestinal hypersensitivity reactions are associated with detectable release of inflammatory mediators from activated cells, which may ...
Knippels L M - - 1999
We developed an oral sensitization protocol for food proteins for the rat. Young Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to 1 mg ovalbumin (OVA) by daily gavage dosing for 42 days without the use of an adjuvant. OVA-specific IgE and IgG responses were determined by ELISA. On an oral challenge ...
Diaz-Perales A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cross-reactions between latex and plant foods (mainly fruits) have been widely reported. Although the cross-reactive components have not been well identified, class I chitinases seem to be the most credible candidates in chestnut, avocado, and banana. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the potential role of chitinases and complex glycans ...
Cantani A - - 1999
Atopic diseases of babies and children are frequent, disabilitating, chronic and even life-threatening. The currently available cow's milk (CM) substitutes for infants with CM allergy (CMA) are soy protein (SP) formulas (SPFs), hydrolyzed formulas (HF), and homemade meat-based formulas. However, in the past few years the antigenicity/allergenicity of SPFs has ...
Faulkner-Hogg K B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Whereas many people with coeliac disease (CD) are asymptomatic when consuming a gluten-free diet (GFD), a proportion continues to experience symptoms. The reasons for this are unclear. METHODS: Thirty-nine adult members of The Coeliac Society of New South Wales, all of whom had persistent gastrointestinal symptoms despite adhering to ...
Hill D J - - 1999
The prevalence of atopic diseases is increasing worldwide for reasons that are not clear. Food allergies are the earliest manifestations of atopy. This review defines the foods most commonly involved in allergic reactions and identifies an emerging group of syndromes in which food allergy is involved. A study of the ...
Van de Water J - - 1999
There has been increased interest in the study of nutrition and immunity. This is especially true with respect to the hypothesis that consumption of specific foods may reduce an individual's susceptibility to the establishment and/or progression of immunologic disease. Although an increased intake of a specific food may improve health ...
Dainese R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder with clinical signs typical of "intestinal" food allergies or intolerance. The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical features of IBS patients suspected of suffering from adverse reactions to food. METHODS: The study involved 128 consecutive IBS patients ...
Sampson H A - - 1999
Patients with food-induced allergic disorders may be first seen with a variety of symptoms affecting the skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and/or cardiovascular system. The skin and respiratory tract are most often affected by IgE-mediated food-induced allergic reactions, whereas isolated gastrointestinal disorders are most often caused by non-IgE-mediated reactions. When ...
Moneret-Vautrin D A - - 1999
The prevalence of cow's milk allergy is stable, between 2% and 5%. Clinical symptoms are numerous. Gastroesophageal reflux and persistent constipation have been recently described. The main point is the increasing prevalence of multiple food allergens. Double blind placebo controlled milk challenges are mandatory for the diagnosis, sometimes eight days ...
Pérez-Pimiento A J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Garlic is well known to cause contact dermatitis and asthma. However, it is a very rare cause of food allergy. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with previous history of allergy to pollen and dried fruit, and food-dependent, exercise-induced anaphylaxis for which no specific food could be ...
Eysink P E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Because IgG antibodies to foods can be detected before IgE antibodies to inhalants, increased levels of IgG antibodies to foods might be used as a predictor of IgE-mediated allergy in initially nonatopic children. OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-sectional relation between IgG to foods (i.e. mixture of wheat and rice, ...
Knippels L M - - 1999
Although several in vivo antigenicity assays using parenteral immunization are operational, no full validated enteral models are available to study food allergy and allergenicity of food proteins. To further validate a developed enteral Brown Norway (BN) rat food allergy model, systemic and local immune-mediated reactions were studied upon oral challenges. ...
Celik G - - 1999
To assess the prevalence of allergic diseases and atopy in adults, a two-step population-based epidemiological study was undertaken in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. In step 1, a screening questionnaire adapted from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) was applied in a cross-sectional manner. In step 2, a ...
Bernardini R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Some subjects with spina bifida (SB) and latex sensitization (cutaneous and/or serum IgE) can have clinical reactions, while others may have no symptoms after the exposure to latex products. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to determine the risk factors associated with latex allergy in patients affected with SB ...
Pelliccia A - - 1999
The possibility that certain foods or allergens may induce convulsions has already been reported in the literature. None of these studies has, however, shown a close correlation between food allergy and epilepsy, most reports being anecdotal and open to various aetiological hypotheses. The present report concerns 3 children with cryptogenetic ...
Kalyoncu A F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to determine whether allergic conditions accompany analgesic intolerance. METHODS: A total of 132 analgesic-intolerant patients with bronchial asthma admitted to the adult allergy unit from January 1991 to October 1997 and 103 patients with bronchial asthma randomly selected from among the asthmatics referred to our department ...
Sampson H A - - 1999
Up to 8% of children less than 3 years of age and approximately 2% of the adult population experience food-induced allergic disorders. A limited number of foods are responsible for the vast majority of food-induced allergic reactions: milk, egg, peanuts, fish, and tree nuts in children and peanuts, tree nuts, ...
Figura N - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Most antigens reach the immune system through mucosae. Gastrointestinal mucosa is a barrier for alimentary antigens. Inflammatory processes, such as Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis, could alter the integrity of the gastric barrier, increase the mucosal permeability, and enhance crossing of food antigens which may stimulate allergic reactions. PURPOSE: The aim ...
Blanco C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Latex-fruit cross-sensitization has been fully demonstrated. However, the antigens responsible for this "latex-fruit syndrome" have not been identified. We have recently shown that class I chitinases are relevant chestnut and avocado allergens. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the in vivo and in vitro reactions of purified chestnut and avocado ...
Kim K T - - 1999
There have been reports of increased prevalence of certain food allergies in patients with Type I latex allergy (LA). A detailed food allergy history was obtained from 137 patients with LA. Latex allergy was defined by positive history of IgE mediated reactions to contact with latex and positive skin prick ...
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