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Results 501 - 550 of 1034
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Caffarelli C - - 2001
Food allergy can be diagnosed from an immediate-onset reaction after oral food challenge. We administered 370 challenges in 242 children; five (3%) of the 193 children tolerating foods on challenges developed immediate symptoms when the same preparation of foods was ingested openly at home the next day. We confirmed the ...
Julge K - - 2001
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a low prevalence of allergic diseases and atopic sensitization among schoolchildren and young adults in the formerly socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe as compared to Western Europe. The aim of our study was to prospectively investigate IgE responses to food and inhalant allergens and ...
Simonato B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The involvement of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions in the genesis of gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of foods containing wheat has been rarely reported. OBJECTIVE: To detect IgE specifically binding to wheat proteins in the sera of atopic and non-atopic patients suffering from gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of wheat and to ...
Lee S Y - - 2001
There is no satisfactory therapeutic intervention for peanut allergy, which accounts for most life-threatening food allergic reactions. Since IL-12 has been found to inhibit allergic airway responses in a mouse model of asthma and to cure Th2 cytokine-mediated murine schistosomiasis, we hypothesized that IL-12 treatment might also inhibit peanut allergic ...
Platts-Mills T A - - 2001
It has been nearly a century since the first suggestion that a soluble factor in plasma or serum might be responsible for the symptoms of allergic disease and asthma, and more than 30 yr since immunoglobulin E (IgE) was identified as the key molecule in mediating what are now described ...
Burks A W - - 2001
Following approval of the fat replacer olestra for use in preparing savory snacks, Procter & Gamble implemented a postmarketing surveillance program to monitor marketplace introduction. Three and one-half percent of all health effects reported by consumers to the surveillance toll-free number were allergy-type symptoms (e.g., rash, itching, edema, hives, dyspnea). ...
Wagner B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In addition to their disease-associated handicaps, patients with spina bifida (SB) are at high risk of developing latex allergy. Individuals with SB represent a special group of latex-allergic patients, inasmuch as their IgE-binding patterns differ from those of other populations of latex-allergic individuals. Two allergens strongly associated with latex ...
Li X M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is a major cause of fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to foods. There is no curative therapy for this condition. Traditional Chinese medicines have been reported to have antiallergic properties, which might be useful for treating peanut allergy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Harada S - - 2001
We examined the effect of aspirin as a substitute for exercise in inducing urticaria/anaphylaxis in three patients with food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA). Two of the patients had specific IgE antibodies to wheat and the other had antibodies to shrimp. Administration of aspirin before ingestion of food allergens induced urticaria in ...
Patil S P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The food allergy pattern of a country is influenced by the foods most commonly consumed. In India, the majority of the population consumes a vegetarian diet made up of pulse (legumes), cereals, and vegetables. In contrast to many western countries, chickpea preparations are consumed in large quantities in India. ...
Quirce S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Chicken serum albumin (alpha-livetin) has been implicated as the causative allergen of the bird-egg syndrome. However, the clinical relevance of sensitization to this allergen has not been confirmed by specific challenge tests and environmental sampling. We investigated whether chicken albumin can be detected in air samples collected in a ...
Romano A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In some subjects, specific foods trigger anaphylaxis when exercise follows ingestion (specific food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, FDEIAn). Skin test and/or RAST positivity to foods suggest an IgE-mediated pathogenic mechanism. Others suffer from anaphylaxis after all meals followed by exercise, regardless of the food eaten (nonspecific FDEIAn). We sought to identify ...
Hill D J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC), the gold standard for the diagnosis of food hypersensitivity, are time-consuming and not without risk. We have recently reported skin prick test (SPT) weal diameters to cow's milk, egg and peanut above which infants and young children referred for investigation of suspected food allergy ...
Armentia A - - 2001
To our knowledge, no previously published reports have described food-induced anaphylaxis associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome. We undertook a study of four patients with thrombosis associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome after each patient experienced anaphylaxis attributable to ingestion of vegetal foods. IgE antibody levels to various foods were determined in ...
Ebo D G DG Department of Immunology, Allergology and Rheumatology, University Antwerp (UIA), Antwerpen, - - 2001
Adverse reactions to food, i.e. food allergy and intolerance have gained considerable attention. This overview focuses on the diagnosis and management of IgE-mediated food allergy that is believed to be responsible for most immediate-type food-induced hypersensitivity reactions. Clinically, these reactions are characterised by a variety of signs and symptoms that ...
Tamburro J E - - 2001
The hypersensitivity syndromes are a group of diseases in which the cutaneous vasculature is altered through immunologic or nonimmunologic mechanisms. These reactions range in severity from mild to life-threatening and can be triggered by drugs, infectious agents, foods, or environmental allergens. Although their causes may vary, the morphologic appearance of ...
Helm R M - - 2001
The diagnosis of food allergy related to IgE-mediated reactions is based on the establishment of the allergic origin of the symptoms and the identification of the causal allergen or allergens. The double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge remains the 'gold standard' for the in-vivo diagnosis of specific food allergy. Valuable information can ...
Lee S - - 2001
Determining positive food challenges are not easy as there is an absence of simple and objective tests. Histamine, an essential mediator for allergic reactions, is involved in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) and food challenges can change histamine levels. The significances of a prick test with histamine (histamine prick ...
Skamstrup Hansen K - - 2001
The aim of the study was to investigate the possibility of a seasonal variation in reactivity to apples in 27 birch pollen allergic patients. Before and during the birch pollen season 1998, the patients were subjected to double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs) with grated fresh Golden Delicious apple followed by ...
Skamstrup Hansen K - - 2001
The aim of the study was to standardize and evaluate technically optimized food allergen extracts for use in skin prick test (SPT). The standardization procedure comprised 36 allergic histories in 32 food allergic patients with 21 healthy, non-atopic individuals serving as controls. The patients had a history of allergic symptoms ...
Tan B M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Ingestion is the principal route for food allergens, yet some highly sensitive patients may develop severe symptoms upon skin contact. CASE REPORT: We describe five cases of severe food allergic reactions through skin contact, including inhalation in one. METHODS: The cases were referred to a university allergy clinic, and ...
Sampson H A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge is considered the gold standard for diagnosing food allergy. However, in a retrospective analysis of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis and food allergy, discrete food-specific IgE concentrations were established that could predict clinical reactivity to egg, milk, peanut, and fish with greater than ...
Lodén M - - 2001
Glycerin is widely used in cosmetics and well as in pharmaceutical formulations, mainly as humectant. In vitro studies have shown glycerin to prevent crystallization of stratum corneum model lipid mixture at low room humidity. Whether this may affect the skin barrier function during repeated application of glycerin in a cream ...
Baena-Cagnani C E - - 2001
Atopy is the major predisposing factor for asthma identified up to now, and allergen exposure, particularly indoor allergens, is considered as a causal factor for asthma. Food allergy is frequently underestimated in association with asthma, however food allergy has been shown to trigger or exacerbate broncho-obstruction in 2 to 8.5% ...
Anliker M D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Allergy to persimmon (Diospyros kaki) is very rare and not yet confirmed by means of double-blind, placebo-controlled, food-challenge (DBPCFC). Thus far, specific IgE to this fruit and cross-reactivity to pollen and other foods has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to confirm allergy to persimmon in 3 patients ...
Zar S - - 2001
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition but its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. Many irritable bowel syndrome patients give a history of food intolerance, but data from dietary elimination and re-challenge studies are inconclusive. Multiple aetio-pathological mechanisms have been postulated. The gut has an extensive immune system but current understanding ...
Ellwood P - - 2001
Several studies have suggested that the increasing prevalence of symptoms of asthma, rhinitis and eczema, could be associated with dietary factors. In the present paper, a global analysis of prevalence rates of wheeze, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic eczema was performed in relation to diet, as defined by national food intake ...
Huang S L - - 2001
The occurrence of asthma and allergy are related to lifestyle factors, and dietary pattern may be one of the contributing factors. To examine the possible association between dietary intake and the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis in teenagers. In a population-based cross-sectional survey, the relationship was sought between food ...
Skamstrup Hansen K - - 2001
The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate different methods of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) with apple. Three different DBPCFC models were evaluated: fresh apple juice, freshly grated apple, and freeze-dried apple powder. All challenges were performed outside the pollen season and took place from 1997 to ...
Werfel T - - 2001
Skin manifestations represent the most often observed clinical symptoms in food allergy. Immediate symptoms are urticaria, angioedema and sudden erythema (flush). Delayed symptoms which can be observed are exanthema and exacerbation or worsening of eczema (most often atopic dermatitis). Since delayed symptoms are difficult to diagnose, oral provocation tests are ...
Levy D A - - 2001
Latex allergy is an IgE-dependent immediate hypersensitivity reaction to latex proteins. Risk factors for latex allergy are contact with latex products and atopy. Children who undergo multiple surgical procedures and healthcare workers are the major groups at risk. Powdered latex gloves are an important source of sensitization. Preventive measures are ...
Simrén M - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Postprandial symptoms are common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, existing studies have come to different conclusions about the role of food in the pathophysiology of IBS. We explored the prevalence of subjective food-related gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and its relationship to clinical characteristics and psychological factors in ...
James J M - - 2001
Previous studies have confirmed that IgE-mediated, food allergy-induced respiratory tract symptoms occur, typically accompanied by cutaneous or gastrointestinal symptoms. The possibility that respiratory tract symptoms are food allergy induced should be considered in patients who have a current or past history of one or more of the following: atopic dermatitis, ...
Williams L W - - 2001
Skin testing by prick technique has an excellent safety record in the evaluation of food hypersensitivity. Skin prick tests for the common food allergens are excellent tools for identifying those at very low risk of reaction on eating the food but are of variable value in identifying patients who will ...
Ardern K D - - 2001
Tartrazine is the best known and one of the most commonly used food additives. Food colorants are also used in many medications as well as foods. There has been conflicting evidence as to whether tartrazine causes exacerbations of asthma with some studies finding a positive association especially in individuals with ...
Vila L - - 2001
To study in vitro sulphidoleukotriene (sLT) production by food allergic patients using cellular allergen stimulation test (CAST)-ELISA and to evaluate the reliability of this technique for diagnosing food allergic reactions. Forty patients with adverse reactions after food intake, 20 healthy controls, and 15 individuals sensitized to inhalant allergens as atopic ...
Woolf A - - 2000
Multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) syndrome, also known as idiopathic environmental intolerance, is a controversial diagnosis that encompasses a wide range of waxing and waning, subjective symptoms referable to more than one body system and provoked by exposure to low levels of chemicals, foods, or other agents in the environment. Although ...
Geha R S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The frequency of reactions reported to occur after the consumption of monosodium glutamate (MSG) is the subject of controversy. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a multicenter, multiphase, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a crossover design to evaluate reactions reportedly caused by MSG. METHODS: In 3 of 4 protocols (A, B, and C), ...
Kaila M - - 2000
Food-related symptoms are common in the first years of life, and food allergy should be diagnosed using an elimination challenge test. We surveyed Finnish hospital-based pediatricians using a self-completion questionnaire to ascertain the current clinical practice: 24 of the 25 pediatricians (representing 24 of 25 hospitals) so approached gave evaluable ...
Rodriguez J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to melon with details of clinical reactions confirmed by double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenges (DBPCFCs). OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate clinical features (type and severity of reactions, age at onset, results of skin prick and in vitro tests, and incidence of other allergic diseases ...
Baker J C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenge (DBPCFC) methodology for identifying food intolerance in patients with brittle asthma. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Patients with brittle asthma and perceived food intolerance were studied in hospital. DESIGN: Each of 3 protocols began with 5 days of dietary exclusion. Protocol 1 consisted of open ...
Sporik R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The specificity of allergen skin prick testing to diagnose clinically relevant food allergy is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the specificity of the allergen weal diameter to correctly identify children who react on formal open food challenges. METHODS: Over a 9-year period children referred to a tertiary allergy clinic for ...
Sicherer S H - - 2000
The myriad of systemic manifestations induced by food hypersensitivity responses is testament to the ability of localized exposure to foods in the gastrointestinal tract to result in symptoms in distal target organs. Cow's milk protein, for example, may induce hives (urticaria), atopic dermatitis, isolated gastrointestinal symptoms, or severe generalized anaphylaxis ...
Murch S H - - 2000
There has been considerable recent broadening of basic concepts of intestinal food allergy, in particular the importance of non-IgE-mediated mechanisms. The traditional emphasis on IgE-mediated allergy now appears inappropriate in light of current studies of the basic mechanisms of oral tolerance to dietary antigen and of increasing recognition of the ...
Ng M L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study is a development of the work done in 'Preliminary criteria for the definition of allergic rhinitis: a systematic evaluation of clinical parameters in a disease cohort (I)'. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop criteria which could be routinely used to define allergic rhinitis. METHODS: A total of 47 ...
Sharman J - - 2000
Although hypersensitivity to foods is often linked to exacerbations of symptoms of respiratory allergy, no such information is available regarding the foods traditionally considered to play a probable etiological role in respiratory allergy in India, which are in fact quite different from the ones implicated in the West. The present ...
Reibel S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Food allergens are often accused of causing numerous ailments. This is particularly true for the pediatric population, where the incidence of food allergy is four times as high as in adults. As food challenges may provoke life-threatening reactions, intensive safety measures need to be taken during provocation, and prompt ...
Cuesta-Herranz J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Allergy to plant-derived fresh foods has often been reported in geographical areas where birch or ragweed pollens are frequent and has been attributed to cross-reactivity to pollens. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study has been to evaluate allergy to plant-derived fresh foods among pollen-allergic patients from a birch and ...
Darsow U - - 2000
Aeroallergens and food allergens are relevant eliciting factors of atopic eczema. This article focuses on the methods used for diagnosis in patients with suspected allergy to airborne or dietary allergens and who are suffering from atopic eczema. In addition to classical tests of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity (intracutaneous or in vitro testing), ...
Neri M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The value of specific gastrointestinal symptoms in discriminating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) from organic disease has been documented. In contrast, there have been few attempts to identify symptoms that discriminate irritable bowel syndrome from food allergy, despite similarities in their respective symptom complexes. We aimed to investigate the value ...
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