Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1033
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Hansen K Skamstrup - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Allergy to hazelnuts is a common example of birch pollen related food allergy. Symptoms upon ingestion are often confined to the mouth and throat, but severe systemic reactions have been described in some patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the reduction in allergenicity by roasting of ...
Helm Ricki M - - 2003
Food allergy can present as immediate hypersensitivity [manifestations mediated by immunoglobulin (Ig)E], delayed-type hypersensitivity (reactions associated with specific T lymphocytes), and inflammatory reactions caused by immune complexes. For reasons of ethics and efficacy, investigations in humans to determine sensitization and allergic responses of IgE production to innocuous food proteins are ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2003
Food allergies affect as many as 6% of young children, most of whom "outgrow" the sensitivity, and about 2% of the general population. Although any food may provoke a reaction, relatively few foods are responsible for the vast majority of food allergic reactions: milk, egg, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and ...
Tjesić-Drinković Duska - - 2003
Food hypersensitivities can be divided into toxic and nontoxic, and the latter can further be subdivided into immune and nonimmune hypersensitivities. Cow's milk allergy or intolerance occurs in 5-15% of infants, mostly during the first year of life, or occasionally later. The symptoms may involve different organ systems, especially the ...
Dapoigny M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Different food items are made responsible for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms, but the physiopathology of IBS remains unclear. AIMS: During a meeting in Nice, France, experts of the European Working Team of the IBiS Club discussed selected data regarding the relationships between alimentation, food items (including fibers) and ...
Eriksson N E - - 2003
According to a few case reports, kissing can induce symptoms due to food allergy. We wanted to investigate the occurrence of kiss-induced allergic symptoms and other social inconveniences among patients with self-reported food hypersensitivity. A questionnaire was answered by 1139 patients (1-84 years old, mean age 29 years, 393 males ...
Chan Carmen W H - - 2003
In this study the oral status and mucositis-related symptoms in 94 Chinese cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy for with curative intent were examined. Data were collected by a research nurse at three stages over a period of 16 days: at the start, on day 8, and on day 16 of chemotherapy. ...
Di Lorenzo G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The recovery of mediator metabolites from urine has the potential to provide a rapid, safe, and easily available index of release of mediators. We aimed to determine urinary metabolites of both histamine and leukotrienes (LTs) in patients affected by chronic urticaria (CU). METHODS: Twenty patients with CU were studied. ...
Magazzù Giuseppe - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review and discuss the relationship between cow's milk allergy (CMA) and some gastrointestinal manifestations, such as gastroesophageal reflux, constipation, food protein-induced enterocolitis, and food-induced eosinophilic proctocolitis, with respect to diagnostic strategies that might eliminate the need for a double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenge (DBPCFC). DATA SOURCES: A review ...
Fiocchi Alessandro - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To review the recent literature on the diagnostic accuracy of skin prick tests (SPTs) in pediatric food allergy, focusing on adverse reactions to milk and beef. To present data about the test performance characteristics of beef extracts used in SPTs among children with atopic dermatitis (AD) reporting immediate hypersensitivity ...
Ohnishi Hiroshi - - 2002
A 56-year-old man was admitted with cough, fever, myalgia, and arthralgia. Chest computed tomography demonstrated bilateral diffuse ground-glass opacities predominantly in the upper lungs. Subpleural non-segmental consolidation was observed in the late phase. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis was suspected, and an environmental provocation test with the incidental use of a home ultrasonic ...
Obojski Andrzej - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of latex sensitization and latex allergy among children with spina bifida and to evaluate risk factors for natural rubber latex hypersensitivity. METHODS: A total of 34 children between 2.5 and 17 years of age participated in the study. ...
Pajno G B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is quite common in children, but it usually trends to improve with ageing. When an individual has specific IgE to a large variety of foods (multifood allergy) the clinical picture may be of remarkable severity and the avoidance of the offending foods may lead to severe dietary ...
Van Den Bogaerde J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Food antigens may contribute to gut inflammation in Crohn's disease. AIM: To assess in vivo sensitization to food antigens, ascertain whether sensitivity is gut specific, assess food sensitization in vitro, and correlate in vivo changes with histological and blood changes. METHODS: Skin testing and rectal exposure to six food ...
Papageorgiou P S - - 2002
Food allergy affects 2.5% of adults and 6-8% of children, and is a leading cause of life-threatening anaphylactic episodes. Food allergy is defined as an adverse reaction to foods that is mediated immunologically and involves specific IgE or non-IgE mechanisms. In this review only IgE-related food allergy will be considered. ...
Frank Hampel H - - 2002
The efficacy and safety of ebastine 20 mg once daily given with and without food were compared in patients ages 12 to 70 years with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) caused by mountain cedar allergen. This double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted at six centers in Texas. Efficacy and safety analyses were ...
Zar S - - 2002
A significant proportion of IBS patients attribute their symptoms to adverse food reactions. Dietary elimination and re-challenge studies support the role of diet in the pathogenesis of IBS. The aetiopathogenesis of IBS is thought to be multifactorial involving an interaction between diet, infection, antibiotics and psychosocial factors. Serum IgE and ...
Crespo J F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Prescribing therapeutic elimination diets in patients with fruit allergy should include recommendations on which other foods of the same family or group may be safely consumed. Evidence-based data on the management of fruit allergy are lacking; therefore, advice may vary from just avoiding the offending fruit, to overly restrictive ...
Wensing Marjolein - - 2002
Individuals with pollen allergy often have IgE against plant-derived foods. This can be due to cross-reactive IgE against Bet v 1 and homologues, profilins, and/or cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants. The aim of this study was to correlate sensitization to Bet v 1 and profilin with individual recognition patterns to plant foods ...
Leung Ting-fan - - 2002
Sensitization to aeroallergens is a major risk factor for asthma. Although patients frequently consider food ingestion as an asthma trigger, the relationship between serum food-specific IgE antibodies and childhood asthma in China remains unclear. We therefore conducted a case-control study on asthmatic children attending a university hospital-based outpatient clinic to ...
Sicherer Scott H - - 2002
Food allergy encompasses a range of disorders that result from adverse immune responses to dietary antigens. This group of conditions includes acute, potentially fatal reactions, and a host of chronic diseases that mainly affect the skin and gastrointestinal tract. Tools for diagnosis and management have not changed much in the ...
Jackson Hilary A - - 2002
The purpose of the pilot study reported here was to evaluate serum and fecal total and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses to dietary change in five Maltese x beagle dogs with suspected food hypersensitivity, compared with those of five clinically normal dogs. Clinical parameters (pruritus, otitis, and diarrhea) improved in ...
Roberts G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is usually considered to be provoked by aeroallergens. However, we have recently recognized a group of children with food allergies who also develop asthma when exposed to the aerosolized form of the food. METHODS: Between 1997 and 1999 we prospectively identified children with an immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated food ...
Ballmer-Weber Barbara K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In pollen-related food allergy, extracts for skin prick tests (SPTs) are often not standardized, and the test reliability is affected by false-negative reactions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate a panel of recombinant allergens (RAs) derived from one allergenic food for use in component-resolved in vivo diagnosis, taking cherry as ...
Li Xiu-Min - - 2002
At present there is no effective therapy for IgE-mediated food allergy, and patients must rely upon food-allergen avoidance. Unfortunately, the accidental ingestion of allergen-containing foods leading to potentially severe reactions is common. Definitive therapies for food allergy are desperately needed. Although rush immunotherapy has been reported to induce tolerance in ...
Eigenmann Philippe A - - 2002
Although food hypersensitivity might be divided in IgE- and non-IgE mediated food allergy, there is a large body of evidence implicating T lymphocytes overall in the pathogenesis of food allergy. Priming of naive T cells will occur mainly in Peyer's patches (PP), where surface receptors (l-selectin, CCR7 and CXCR4) will ...
Niggemann Bodo - - 2002
The atopy patch test has developed into a valuable additional tool in the diagnostic work-up of food allergy in infants and children with atopic dermatitis. A positive atopy patch test may help to prevent imposing restrictive and unnecessary diets after misjudging late reactions by clinical assessment alone. Furthermore, the combination ...
Sampson Hugh A - - 2002
Food hypersensitivity reactions affect up to 8% of children under 3 years of age and approximately 2.5% of the general United States population. Food allergic disorders may be subdivided into either IgE-mediated or cell-mediated reactions. The diagnostic 'gold standard' of 'symptomatic' food allergies remains the blinded oral food challenge because ...
Arslan Gülen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Objective assessment of adverse reactions to food is a long-felt want. We report our preliminary experience with a new endosonographic allergen provocation test. METHODS: Twenty patients were examined, seven patients having food allergy and 13 having food intolerance. The duodenal mucosa was challenged with allergen extracts via a nasoduodenal ...
Burks Wesley - - 2002
IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions account for the majority of well-documented food allergy reactions, but non-IgE-mediated immune mechanisms do cause some hypersensitivity disorders. A variety of gastrointestinal, cutaneous, respiratory, and generalized symptoms and syndromes have been associated with IgE-mediated food allergy. The diagnostic approach to adverse food reactions begins with a careful ...
Lin Xiao Ping - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Objective tools are lacking for the diagnosis of local gastrointestinal inflammatory reactions in skin prick test (SPT)-negative and serum IgE antibody (s-IgE Ab)-negative patients with suspected food allergy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the presence of eosinophils, T cells, local IgE-bearing cells, IL-4, and IFN-gamma ...
Chesney C J - - 2002
Over a period of one year, 251 dogs were presented to a UK-based dermatology referral clinic. Eighty-five of these were either diagnosed as having symptoms compatible with atopy (58 dogs), or suffered from chronic otitis or recurrent pyoderma. All 85 were placed on a carefully restricted diet for eight to ...
Sten Eva - - 2002
BACKGROUND:New foods may present a risk for food hypersensitive patients. Several examples exist of allergic reactions caused by cross-reactive plant-derived foods, and new foods should be scrutinised before introducing them to the market. We have evaluated the clinical and serological relevance of cross-reactivity between Nangai and pollen allergens. METHODS: Cross-reactivity ...
Dalal I - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, importance, and the order of frequency of IgE-mediated food allergens among infants and young children in Israel. STUDY DESIGN AND PATIENTS: In a cross-sectional study, the prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy was investigated in 9070 infants and young children (0-2 years) who were followed-up at ...
Turjanmaa K - - 2002
The prevalence of atopic diseases is increasing worldwide. Food allergies are the earliest manifestation of atopy. Atopic eczema affects about 18% of infants in the first 2 years of life and the main cause is allergy to multiple foods. A strong association has been shown between atopic eczema and IgE ...
Pasini G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although corn is often cited as an allergenic food, very few studies have been devoted to the identification of corn allergens and corn allergy has been rarely confirmed by double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Recently, Pastorello et al. (1) identified some salt-soluble IgE-binding proteins of corn flour as potential ...
Nettis Eustachio - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to alert doctors of dental surgery to the possibility of latex sensitivity in both outpatients and inpatients. STUDY DESIGN: The study involved 2 groups: group A was composed of 21 subjects with a history of immediate reaction in dental environment; group B was ...
Businco Luisa - - 2002
Food-induced vasculitis seems to be rare and is considered by some as controversial. The reported cases in the literature are few and mostly on adult patients. Described in this report are two children with severe vasculitis caused by specific foods. They were diagnosed at two separate allergy centers that have ...
Zuberbier Torsten - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pseudoallergic reactions (PARs) against both additives and natural foods have been reported to elicit chronic urticaria, but in natural food the responsible ingredients are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at identifying novel pseudoallergens in food and focused on evaluating tomatoes, white wine, and herbs as frequently reported ...
Woods Rosalie K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The true prevalence of food allergy in adults is generally thought to be uncommon. It is unknown whether there are any relationships between food allergy and atopic diseases. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of probable immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated food allergy to peanut, shrimp, cow's milk, wheat, and egg as defined ...
Spergel Jonathan M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis is a disease entity in which patients have (1) elevated eosinophils on esophageal biopsy and (2) symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. The symptoms do not improve on aggressive acid blockade but do improve on elimination diet or corticosteroid treatment, which tentatively links food allergies to this disorder. OBJECTIVE: ...
Patriarca G. - - 2002
In the literature there are several reports dealing with the possibility of a desensitising treatment in food allergy, but there are very few studies about the immunological mechanisms of oral desensitisation. We studied the immunological modifications in four children who underwent oral desensitisation with cow milk. Four children with cow ...
Taylor Steve L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of small amounts of an offending food can elicit adverse reactions in individuals with IgE-mediated food allergies. The threshold dose for provocation of such reactions is often considered to be zero. However, because of various practical limitations in food production and processing, foods may occasionally contain trace residues ...
Woods R K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which perceived adverse food reactions were associated with IgE mediated food allergy, as defined by skin prick testing (SPT). DESIGN: A cohort epidemiological study. Participants underwent SPT to five common food allergens (cow's milk, peanut mix, egg white, shrimp and whole grain wheat mix) ...
Helm Ricki M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy represents a significant health threat in the United States. The factors contributing to the severity of the allergic response and the immunopathogenic mechanisms underlying peanut allergy remain to be completely characterized. As yet, no animal model has been developed that will completely mimic the physical, immunologic, and ...
Ebner Fritz - - 2002
Pantothenic acid is essential to normal epithelial function. It is a component of coenzyme A, which serves as a cofactor for a variety of enzyme-catalyzed reactions that are important in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids, proteins, gluconeogenesis, sterols, steroid hormones, and porphyrins. The topical use of dexpanthenol, the stable ...
Schäfer T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Food allergy and food intolerance (FA/FI) are believed to be frequent medical problems; however, information from epidemiologic studies in adults is scarce. The objective was to determine the frequency of FA/FI and allergic sensitization to food in a large adult sample. Furthermore, the associations between FA/FI and other outcomes ...
Niggemann B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is frequently associated with food allergy. In general, clinically manifested food allergy is regarded as IgE mediated. However, there are some children with food allergy for whom IgE hypersensitivity cannot be proven. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the percentage of children with positive double-blind, placebo-controlled food ...
Sharnan J - - 2001
The present study was undertaken to investigate if enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) alone or in combination with skin tests could provide a better indicator of clinical food hypersensitivity in children with respiratory allergy. Skin prick tests (SPT) were performed on 64 children with crude antigenic food extracts. Oral food challenges ...
Caffarelli C - - 2001
Food allergy can be diagnosed from an immediate-onset reaction after oral food challenge. We administered 370 challenges in 242 children; five (3%) of the 193 children tolerating foods on challenges developed immediate symptoms when the same preparation of foods was ingested openly at home the next day. We confirmed the ...
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