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Vinther Jakob J Schools of Earth Sciences and Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol BS8 1UG, - - 2014
Large, actively swimming suspension feeders evolved several times in Earth's history, arising independently from groups as diverse as sharks, rays and stem teleost fishes, and in mysticete whales. However, animals occupying this niche have not been identified from the early Palaeozoic era. Anomalocarids, a group of stem arthropods that were ...
Hoyos-Bachiloglu Rodrigo R Immunology, Allergy and Rheumatology Unit, Division of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Millennium Institute on Immunology and Immunotherapy, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Recent studies suggest an association between higher latitude, a proxy of vitamin D (VD) status, and allergic diseases. Chile provides an ideal setting to study this association due to its latitude span and high rates of VD deficiency in southern regions. The aim of this study is to explore the ...
Sugimoto Amina A Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
The Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster, the first level-7 major nuclear disaster since Chernobyl, raised concerns about the future health consequences by exposure to and an intake of radionuclides. Factors determining the risk and level of internal radiation contamination after a nuclear accident, which are a key to understanding and improving ...
Meli Maria Assunta MA Biomolecular Sciences Department, University of Urbino, P.zza Rinascimento 6, 61029 Urbino, - - 2014
This research was dedicated to the study, in the Italian daily diet, of the background activity concentration of (210)Po, a radionuclide with a high radiotoxicity. (210)Po was determined by alpha spectrometry. For food products of vegetable origin, the (210)Po activity concentration follows the trend: leafy vegetable>flour>rice>fruits>pasta>other vegetables>fruit vegetable; for those ...
Ben Mustapha Maha M LIP-MB, National Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (INSAT), University of Carthage, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hygienic quality of Tunisian pearl millet flour is always of major concern to consumers as well as all involved in the production, processing and distribution sectors. In the present study, the microbiological and biochemical properties of this food were examined following gamma-radiation. The D10-values for the Total Aerobic Plate Count, ...
Tebbich Sabine S Department of Behavioural Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Behavioural flexibility is thought to be a major factor in evolution. It may facilitate the discovery and exploitation of new resources, which in turn may expose populations to novel selective forces and facilitate adaptive radiation. Darwin's finches are a textbook example of adaptive radiation. They are fast learners and show ...
Steinhauser Georg - - 2013
The environmental impacts of the nuclear accidents of Chernobyl and Fukushima are compared. In almost every respect, the consequences of the Chernobyl accident clearly exceeded those of the Fukushima accident. In both accidents, most of the radioactivity released was due to volatile radionuclides (noble gases, iodine, cesium, tellurium). However, the ...
Ghosh Sayanti - - 2014
Attenuation coefficients of different varieties of gamma irradiated potato (Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Jyoti, and Kufri Sindhuri), mango (Himsagar, Langra, Dashehri and Fazli) and prawn (Tiger prawn and Fresh water prawn) of different storage time and physiological stages were determined. After six months storage attenuation coefficient of Kufri Chandramukhi was decreased ...
Roesch C - - 2013
North temperate fish in post-glacial lakes are textbook examples for rapid parallel adaptive radiation into multiple trophic specialists within individual lakes. Speciation repeatedly proceeded along the benthic-limnetic habitat axis, and benthic-limnetic sister species diverge in the number of gill rakers. Yet, the utility of different numbers of gill rakers for ...
Saetre Peter - - 2013
The radiation doses to humans resulting from a potential release of radionuclides from a geological repository for long-lived waste are assessed over tens or even hundreds of thousands of years. Ingestion is expected to be the major exposure pathway, and the group with the highest exposures will be those that ...
Balaraman Brundha - - 2013
The incidence of skin cancer has increased in the United States, concomitant with increased UV radiation (UVR) exposure among young adults. We examined whether tanning facilities in Missouri, a state without indoor-tanning regulations, acted in accordance with the Food and Drug Administration's recommendations and consistently imparted information to potential clients ...
Lu Heqing - - 2013
The objective of this work was to evaluate the impact of environmental radioactivity in Shanghai from the operation of Qinshan Nuclear Power Station (QNPS). The levels of terrestrial gamma radiation and radioactivities in the drinking water, main food and soils in the Jinshan area where is only 38 km far ...
Popescu Alina - - 2013
The present study assessed the influence of food intake on acoustic radiation force impulse elastography (ARFI) measurements. Seventy-three healthy volunteers were included: 57 subjects in the study group (on whom ARFI measurements were performed first in fasting condition, followed by measurements made 1h and 3h after food intake); and 16 ...
Foissner Wilhelm - - 2013
Glaucomides bromelicola n. gen., n. sp. is a tetrahymenid ciliate common in tank bromeliads of Central and South America. The new genus is characterized by having a kinety fragment along the left mouth margin, an unciliated dorsolateral area, a tetrahymenid silverline pattern, and the ability to produce macrostomes when bacterial ...
Cammaerts Marie-Claire - - 2013
We used the ant species Myrmica sabuleti as a model to study the impact of electromagnetic waves on social insects' response to their pheromones and their food collection. We quantified M. sabuleti workers' response to their trail, area marking and alarm pheromone under normal conditions. Then, we quantified the same ...
Nabeshi Hiromi - - 2013
We investigated the change of radioactive cesium content in food due to cooking in order to estimate the internal radiation exposure due to from radioactive materials in food. Our results revealed that soaking dry shiitake in water decreased the radioactive cesium content by about 50%, compared with that present in ...
Koizumi Miki - - 2013
The concentrations of Pb-214 and Bi-214 in groundwaters and agricultural products from several geologically distinct parts of the Yamanashi region of Japan were measured and compared. The concentrations of Pb-214 and Bi-214 in groundwaters were well correlated with each other, and were consistent with the predominant geology in each area. ...
Kamimura Masaru - - 2013
Screening tests were carried out for radioactive cesium in foods using a NaI (Tl) scintillation survey meter. The screening level was set at 250 Bq/kg, and specimens exceeding this level were scheduled to be sent to an external testing organization, which would conduct further tests using a germanium semiconductor detector. ...
Haydar Kamran - - 2013
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been more proactive in regulating sunscreen products. In 2011, the FDA publicized a set of new requirements for marketing over-the-counter sunscreens in the United States. The primary goal of the new FDA requirements was to provide consumers with a clear understanding of the ...
Miyauchi Masaatsu - - 2013
Although the importance of solar radiation for vitamin D3 synthesis in the human body is well known, the solar exposure time required to prevent vitamin D deficiency has not been determined in Japan. This study attempted to identify the time of solar exposure required for vitamin D3 synthesis in the ...
- - 2012
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the food additive regulations to provide for the safe use of a 4.5 kilogray (kGy) maximum absorbed dose of ionizing radiation to treat unrefrigerated (as well as refrigerated) uncooked meat, meat byproducts, and certain meat food products to reduce levels of foodborne ...
Macdonald Helen M - - 2012
Vitamin D is made in the skin using ultraviolet radiation of specific low wavelength, 290-315 nm (UVB). For many parts of the world there is a period when there is insufficient intensity of UVB to make vitamin D, which is reflected by a clear seasonal variation in vitamin D status. Sun ...
Dale Wilson Brummitte - - 2012
In the past, manufacturers' labeling of sunscreen varied greatly, confusing the consumers regarding efficacy and the appropriate photoprotection provided by their products. Therefore, in June 2011, the United States Food and Drug Administration issued new guidelines for sunscreen labeling. Sunscreen products are over-the-counter drugs; therefore, they are regulated by the ...
Longano D - - 2012
A new type of nanomaterial has been developed as antibacterial additive for food packaging applications. This nanocomposite is composed of copper nanoparticles embedded in polylactic acid, combining the antibacterial properties of copper nanoparticles with the biodegradability of the polymer matrix. Metal nanoparticles have been synthesised by means of laser ablation, ...
Kroes-Nijboer Ardy - - 2011
Assembly of proteins or peptides into fibrils is an important subject of study in various research fields. In the field of food research, the protein fibrils are interesting candidates as functional ingredients. It is essential to understand the formation and properties of the fibrils for successful application of the fibrils ...
M Griffiths Andrea - - 2011
Whether or not all foods marketed to consumers as organic meet specified standards for use of that descriptor, or are nutritionally different from conventional foods, is uncertain. In a retail market study in a Western US metropolitan area, differences in mineral composition between conventional potatoes and those marketed as organic ...
Tariba Blanka - - 2011
To estimate Cu exposure level from wine consumption and to assess possible health risk for moderate wine consumers, wine samples were collected from different wine-growing areas of Croatia. Median concentrations were 180 μg L-1, range (76 to 292) μg L-1, in commercial wines and 258 μg L-1, range (115 to ...
Nielsen Forrest H - - 2011
A supplementation trial starting with 224 postmenopausal women provided with adequate vitamin D and Ca was conducted to determine whether increased Cu and Zn intakes would reduce the risk for bone loss. Healthy women aged 51-80 years were recruited for a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Women with similar femoral neck T ...
Daglia Maria - - 2011
This paper reports the content in macronutrients, free sugars, polyphenols, and inorganic ions, known to exert any positive or negative action on microbial oral disease such as caries and gingivitis, of seven food/beverages (red chicory, mushroom, raspberry, green and black tea, cranberry juice, dark beer). Tea leaves resulted the richest ...
Tosh Darran N - - 2010
Maternal food restriction (FR) during pregnancy results in intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) offspring that show rapid catch-up growth and develop metabolic syndrome and adult obesity. However, continued nutrient restriction during nursing delays catch-up growth and prevents development of obesity. Epigenetic regulation of IGF1, which modulates growth and is synthesized and secreted ...
Schroeder Mariana - - 2010
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome represent serious health threats affecting increasing numbers of individuals, with females being more affected than males and with growing incidence among children and adolescents. In the present study, we used the OLETF rat model of early-onset obesity to examine the influence of different timing of ...
Turyn Jacek - - 2010
Successful treatment of obesity and related diseases by chronic food restriction requires the understanding of the effect of such nutritional therapy on the expression of genes which have been implicated to be involved in some diseases associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of ...
Yamagishi Tadashi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of improved ischemic tolerance induced by severe, short-term food restriction in isolated, perfused rat hearts. Male Wistar (8 week-old) rats were given a food intake equivalent to a 70% reduction on the food intake of ad-libitum fed rats for 11 ...
Gizewski Elke R - - 2010
There is evidence that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) demonstrate specific cerebral activation patterns in response to visual food stimulation. We postulated that cerebral activation patterns could represent different perceptions of high-calorie images during hunger and satiety and could be determined by patients' subjective ratings. After 6 h of starvation ...
Klingerman Candice M - - 2010
Effects of ovarian hormones on sex and ingestive behavior are well studied, and yet, their role in diverting attention from food to sex has not been examined directly, possibly because these functions are masked under conditions of excessive food abundance typical of the laboratory. Female Syrian hamsters were either fed ...
Sud Shama - - 2010
Increased reports of restrictive feeding have shown positive relationships to child obesity, however, the mechanism between the two has not been elucidated. This study examined the relationship between reported use of restrictive feeding practices and 4-6-year-old children's self-selected energy density (ED) and total energy intake from an ad libitum, laboratory ...
Rumore Martha M - - 2010
Linezolid is a weak, reversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor. The current practice at most hospitals is to place patients receiving linezolid on a tyramine-restricted diet. This process typically involves both the hospital's pharmacy department and the food and nutrition department. A literature search assessing the interaction between linezolid and tyramine was ...
Munn Adam J - - 2010
The severity, duration and amplitude of extreme weather events are forecast to intensify with current climate trends, over both long (e.g. seasonal) and short (e.g. daily) time-scales. As such, the predictability of food supplies for many small endotherms is likely to become increasingly important. Numerous small mammals and birds combat ...
Kumon Mami - - 2010
It is well known that maternal nutritional status is important to the development of mammalian offspring. We examined the effect of maternal food restriction during lactation on offspring in mice. From 1 to 21 days after parturition, control dams (CDs) were fed with the standard amounts of daily food consumption, ...
Abou Heif H M - - 2010
Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor (GHS-R). It has recently emerged as an orexigenic food intake controlling signal acting upon hypothalamic centres. To study the effect of food restriction on ghrelin level and its relation to male reproductive hormones, 32 adult male albino rats divided ...
Smith Daniel L DL - - 2010
Calorie restriction (CR) has been known for more than 70 years to extend life span and delay disease in rodent models. Metformin administration in rodent disease models has been shown to delay cancer incidence and progression, reduce cardiovascular disease and extend life span. To more directly test the potential of ...
Goren Amir - - 2010
To address the obesity crisis, public health experts recommend major reductions in the marketing of unhealthy food to youth. However, policies to restrict food marketing are not currently viewed as politically feasible. This paper examines attitudes and knowledge about food marketing and support for restricting unhealthy food marketing [corrected] among ...
Zag?lski Olaf - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine if restrictions of postoperative diet concerning hard food and hot drinks as well as excessive physical exertion influence recovery during 14 days after T&A surgery. METHODS: 800 patients aged 3-13 years (median 6) underwent curette adenoidectomy with or without scissors tonsillotomy. 413 adenoidectomies and 387 adenotonsillotomies were ...
Nespolo Roberto F - - 2010
Torpor is the physiologically controlled reduction of metabolic rate and body temperature experienced by small birds and mammals when facing periods of low temperature and/or food shortage. In this study, we provide a first quantitative description of torpor in the relict marsupial Dromiciops gliroides by: (1) characterizing body temperature (T ...
Levitsky David A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of one day of food restriction on subsequent spontaneous daily food intake and the recovery of body weight in humans. Twenty-two, non-restrained females were fed from Monday to Friday for four weeks using food prepared and measured in the Cornell ...
Singh Jyoti - - 2010
This study investigated the effects of a conspecific on survival advantages in a challenged feeding environment created through restricted food availability periods. We measured the daily activity-rest pattern as the circadian response indicator, and changes in body mass and mortality as the survivorship indicator. Migratory male redheaded buntings (Emberiza bruniceps) ...
Díaz-Muñoz Mauricio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Temporal restriction of food availability entrains circadian behavioral and physiological rhythms in mammals by resetting peripheral oscillators. This entrainment underlies the activity of a timing system, different from the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), known as the food entrainable oscillator (FEO). So far, the precise anatomical location of the FEO is ...
Chen Lu-Lu - - 2010
Catch-up growth after food restriction (CUGFR) is characterized by a significant change in food intake which could theoretically lead to the change in glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion that consequently results in altered functions of pancreatic islets. Experimental rats were divided into two groups. Rats in CUGFR group were put on ...
Hertel Amanda - - 2010
While feeding is rewarding, the feeling of satiation has been theorized to have a mixed affect. Using a food restriction model of overeating we examined whether bingeing was capable of supporting conditioned taste avoidance (CTA). Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were maintained on either an ad lib (n=8) or restricted (50% ...
Luz Jacqueline - - 2010
The neonatal administration of monosodium glutamate (MSG) to rodents leads to obesity in the adult animal, characterized by increased fat storages. Chronic food restriction is known to induce reduction in body energy expenditure, as an adaptive mechanism to save energy. Our purpose was to examine whether obesity can alter the ...
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