Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 726
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Berman Y - - 1997
It was previously reported that chronic food restriction and streptozotocin-induced diabetes lead to brain region-specific changes in levels of Prodyn-derived peptides. These changes parallel behavioral adaptations that are reversed by opioid antagonists. In the present study, effects of food restriction and diabetes on Prodyn gene expression were measured in rat ...
Wideman C H - - 1997
Vasopressin-deficient (DI) and vasopressin-containing (LE) rats were given continuous access to 32% sucrose and 32% polycose solutions under ad-libitum and food-restricted conditions in a long-term preference test. Although all animals preferred Polycose to sucrose in both conditions, food restriction introduced a stress that significantly increased the consumption of Polycose in ...
Walder K - - 1997
Food intake was restricted to 75% of ad libitum levels in 37 male Psammomys obesus (Israeli Sand Rats) from the ages of 4 (weaning) to 10 weeks. Energy restriction reduced the mean bodyweight at 10 weeks by 29% compared with 44 ad libitum fed controls. Hyperglycemia was prevented completely in ...
Santaella M - - 1997
The aim of the present study was to compare the Fe, Zn, Cu, Ca and Mg contents and their in vitro availability in three meat-based weaning foods as a function of the meat cuts used in their formulation. The three meat cuts were yearling cow flank (YCF), mature cow flank(MCF) ...
Corpet D E - - 1997
Promotion would suppose the selection of initiated cells. We tested the selection of aberrant crypt cells by cholic acid, a colon cancer promoter, and the effect of protectors, phytate and food restriction. After an azoxymethane injection, rats were allocated to a control diet, or to supplements of cholic acid, sodium ...
Griggio M A - - 1997
Considering that the energy balance can be affected by factors such as pregnancy and food restriction and that the development of foetuses is different during different periods of pregnancy, the aim of this paper was to study the effects on the maternal and offspring energy balance of food restriction imposed ...
Thurman J D - - 1997
A high incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma was present in male and female Brown-Norway rats fed ad libitum or food-restricted dietary formulations. One hundred eight-nine rats were examined from 4 dietary treatment groups: male ad libitum, male food-restricted, female ad libitum, and female food-restricted. The ad libitum treatment groups ...
Gill C J - - 1997
In female musk shrews, sexual receptivity is not restricted to the periovulatory period. Several copulatory bouts that occur over a number of days are required to induce the first ovulation. We tested the hypothesis that food restriction would have a minimal impact on female musk shrew sexual behavior because mating ...
Estilaei M - - 1997
Proton-magnetic-resonance measurements have been carried out on juvenile porcine peripheral lung parenchyma. The free-induction-decay signal contained a motionally restricted component which decayed in a few tens of microseconds and a mobile component with a T2 time greater than 1 ms. The average second moment, M2, for the motionally restricted signal ...
Challet E - - 1997
This study was performed to investigate possible effects of a timed caloric restriction on the light-dark (LD) synchronization of four biological rhythms pair-studied in the same animals. In Experiment 1, food-restricted rats kept under a photoperiod of 12 h light:12 h dark received 50% of previous ad libitum food 2 ...
Chou M W - - 1997
The objective of this study was to examine effects of food restriction (FR) on the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in rats and mice, which are AFB1-sensitive and -resistant rodent species, respectively. Forty percent FR [60% of ad libitum (AL) food consumption] reduced the metabolic activation of AFB1 in ...
Holloszy J O - - 1997
Food restriction increases the maximal longevity of rats. Male rats do not increase their food intake to compensate for the increase in energy expenditure in response to exercise. However, a decrease in the availability of energy for growth and cell proliferation that induces an increase in maximal longevity in sedentary ...
Kealy R D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of limited food intake on frequency and severity of osteoarthritis in coxofemoral joints of labrador Retrievers. DESIGN: Dogs were paired according to gender and body weight, within each litter at 8 weeks of age. One dog of each pair was fed ad libitum. The limit-fed ...
Hodgson D M - - 1997
Chronic dietary restriction is a well-documented means of inhibiting tumor growth. This study examines the effects of chronic dietary restriction on tumor metastasis in the rat. We investigate the effect of 1) the degree of food restriction, 2) the effect of preexposure to food restriction, and 3) the duration of ...
Duffy P H - - 1997
Little is known about the mechanisms by which acute and chronic caloric restriction (CR) modulate disease, longevity, and toxicity. To study these endpoints, behavioral parameters such as food and water consumption and physiologic parameters such as motor activity, body temperature, metabolic output (oxygen use), and respiratory quotient (RQ) were continuously ...
Morgan T E - - 1997
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), an intermediate filament of astrocytes, shows increased expression during aging. Because we found that chronic food restriction retards the increase of GFAP mRNA in aging rats and because food restriction decreases the load of oxidized proteins and lipids in association with increased life span, we ...
Willis R A - - 1997
The individual and combined effects of ethanol and lovastatin on rats and their prevention by supplemental coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) was studied. The ethanol and lovastatin findings are reported elsewhere. This paper focuses on the food restriction which occurred in rats fed 35% of energy as ethanol and those control rats ...
Masoro E J - - 1996
Reducing the intake of dietary energy by laboratory rodents to well below that of animals allowed to eat ad libitum slows the rate of aging. This phenomenon, which is robust and reproducible, is known as the antiaging action of dietary restriction (DR). We hypothesize that this DR response arose because ...
Allaben W T - - 1996
Standard protocols for conducting chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity studies have been refined over the years to carefully control for many variables. Nevertheless, over the last 2 decades, there has been a steady increase in variability, a decrease in survival, an increase in tumor incidence rates, and an increase in the ...
Masoro E J - - 1996
Restricting the food intake of mice and rats to well below that of ad libitum-fed animals markedly slows the aging processes. This action is reflected in an increase in longevity, a decrease in the age-associated increase in age-specific mortality rate, the maintenance of the physiological processes in a youthful state ...
Challet E - - 1996
In control rats kept under light/dark cycle (LD) and fed during daytime 50% of ad lib food intake, the acrophase of temperature rhythm was 5 h phase-advanced, and plateaued close to the light/dark transition. The nocturnal pattern of locomotor activity rhythm was 6 h phase-advanced. By contrast, in food-restricted rats ...
Walker S E - - 1996
Traditional monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) remain an important class of drugs for a variety of psychiatric conditions, including depressive illnesses, anxiety, and eating disorders. It was the objective of this study to refine the MAOI diet by determining the tyramine content of a variety of untested and "controversial" foods that ...
Yalda A Y - - 1996
1. Four experiments were carried out to investigate the effects on growth, food conversion efficiency (FCE) and apparent diet digestibility, of wetting food before offering it to individually caged growing chickens. 2. Female broiler chicks (8/treatment) were given grower food ad libitum from 28-49 d of age either in the ...
McGuire M K - - 1996
Lactational anovulation is an important factor in determining birth spacing in women living in developing countries. Therefore, a more comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms involved in the relationships among lactation, nutrition and ovulation is important. This study was designed using the food-restricted, lactating rat to examine whether endogenous opioids might ...
Hocking P M - - 1996
1. The role of body weight during rearing and food allocation after photostimulation on ovarian function in broiler breeder females was examined in two experiments. In experiment 1 birds were fed ad libitum, or to grow to 0.7 or 0.4 of ad libitum-fed body weight at 20 weeks of age. ...
Shibatani T - - 1996
The effects of age and food restriction on proteasome function in rat liver supernatant (100,000 x g) were investigated. The cellular level of the proteasome has been quantitated by using Western blot analysis. The level of the proteasome was not affected by either age or food restriction. The three best-characterized ...
Zhou D - - 1996
Molecular biological findings have indicated that the affinity and the density of presynaptic serotonin transporters may be subject to adaptive regulation, but the physiological conditions that may act to trigger such changes are presently unknown. By means of [3H]paroxetine binding to rat cortical membranes, we studied the influence of two ...
Abrahamsen G C GC Millhauser Laboratories, Department of Psychiatry, New York University Medical Center, NY 10016, - - 1996
Chronic food restriction sensitizes animals to the rewarding effects of food, drugs and lateral hypothalamic electrical stimulation. The present study employed a curve-shift analysis of lateral hypothalamic self-stimulation (LHSS) to evaluate whether the elevated plasma corticosterone levels that accompany food restriction mediate the sensitization of reward. In Experiment 1, two ...
Leal A M - - 1996
Daytime restriction of food availability phase-shifts the diurnal periodicity of plasma corticosterone (B) concentration in rats. However, the changes at the various functional levels in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are not completely understood. We performed studies in two groups of Wistar rats, a control group with free access to food ...
Cokelaere M - - 1996
The effect of a long-term 50% food restriction on plasma thyroid hormone levels was studied in adult male rats, which received their reduced daily amount of food either as one meal or 5 different meals. Compared to controls, a long-term food restriction reduced total 24 h-mean plasma T4, T3 and ...
Le Bourg E - - 1996
Several studies have shown that, contrary to what occurs in rodents and in some invertebrate species, food restriction has no positive effect on longevity in Drosophila melanogaster. However, Chippindale et al. (1993) reported that flies subjected to food restriction, by modulating the yeast level, could live longer. In the present ...
Marinelli M - - 1996
Several data indicate that a blockade of stress-induced corticosterone secretion prevents the development of the stress-induced sensitization of the behavioral effects of drugs of abuse. In this report we investigated if an acute blockade of corticosterone secretion could reverse stress-induced sensitization once it is already established. Food restriction (90% of ...
Polivy J - - 1996
A review of the literature and research on food restriction indicates that inhibiting food intake has consequences that may not have been anticipated by those attempting such restriction. Starvation and self-imposed dieting appear to result in eating binges once food is available and in psychological manifestations such as preoccupation with ...
Hilderman T - - 1996
To examine the relationship between heart function and plasma catecholamines upon food restriction, normal adult rats were fed 12 g or 6 g food/day for 14 days and 12 g food/day for 28 days. Food-restricted rats exhibited bradycardia, hypotension, and decreased rates of cardiac contraction (+dP/dt) as well as relaxation ...
Young A L - - 1996
The use of irradation to improve the safety, protect the nutritional benefits, and preserve the quality of fresh and processed foods is a well established and proven technology. Over the past 30 years, the United States Government has invested in the science to confirm safety and in the technology to ...
Pieri C - - 1996
We have investigated the susceptibility to peroxidation of erythrocytes from young, adult and old ad libitum (AL) fed, as well as from adult and old food restricted rats, measuring the rate of hemolysis under controlled peroxidative condition. Food restriction has been applied on an every-other-day (EOD) schedule starting from the ...
Kim E M - - 1996
Although opioid administration induces food intake, the relationship between endogenous opioid synthesis and food consumption is unclear. Two studies examined the effects of food restriction and deprivation on opioid mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of the rat. Body weight significantly decreased following food restriction and deprivation (P < ...
Shibatani T - - 1996
The effect of age and food restriction on the hepatic alkaline protease activity of 100,000 x g supernatant has been investigated using 7-, 16-, and 26-month-old Fischer 344 rats. The proteasome, a major component of alkaline protease activity, is activated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and this property was exploited ...
Pashko L L - - 1996
Prior work has demonstrated that food restriction of mice markedly suppresses 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) promotion of skin papillomas and adrenalectomy prior to initiating food restriction completely reverses the tumor inhibitory effect of underfeeding. In the present experiment the effect of food restriction, with or without prior adrenalectomy, on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced lung ...
Monaco M H - - 1996
Pregnancy-associated growth of maternal and fetal tissues is likely mediated by insulin-like growth factors (IGF). To study the effect of food restriction during pregnancy on the IGF system, pregnant rats either had free access to food (control) or were fed 60% of control food intake. Serum and liver samples were ...
Luz J - - 1996
Pregnant and nonpregnant rats were subjected to one of four food intake schedules: ad libitum, 20, 40 and 60% of food restriction, during 20 days, with the objective of studying the distribution of energy between food-restricted mothers and offspring. The animals were anesthetized and the conceptuses were removed and separated ...
Radin M J - - 1996
The effect of dehydration in the presence or absence of continued food intake on renal function was evaluated in chickens. In addition, renal transport of organic anions and cations under these conditions was assessed in vitro by uptake of 14C-para-aminohippuric acid and 14C-tetraethylammonium bromide by renal slices. Water restriction with ...
Wideman C H - - 1996
To investigate the role of the hormone vasopressin (VP) in mediating the response of an organism to food restriction stress-induced analgesia, tail flick latencies and scored qualitative behavioral responses were recorded in VP-containing (LE) rats and VP-deficient (DI) rats. These variables were measured under nonstressed (ad lib) and stressed (food ...
Widman D R - - 1995
The present experiment examined endogenous ultradian rhythms and regulatory metabolic processes as two potential determinants of daily out-of-nest episodes (ONEs) and feeding episodes (FEs) in rats living in a 24-h environment. Two types of photoperiod were used: a Standard 12:12 h L/D schedule and a Skeleton 12:12 h schedule. During ...
Darras V M - - 1995
The effects of a long term partial food restriction were studied in chickens and rats. In chickens the treatment resulted in increased plasma T4 levels while T4 levels in rats remained unchanged. Plasma T3 decreased in both species. In vitro hepatic outer ring deiodinating type I (ORD-I) activity was not ...
Olver M D - - 1995
1. Six males and 24 female Cherry Valley Pekin ducklings were randomly allocated to each of 12 pens to test the effects of quantitative food restriction during the rearing period on the subsequent reproductive performance. At the end of the laying period (60 weeks) a "forced moult" was introduced and ...
McCarter R J - - 1995
Restriction of caloric intake increases longevity, slows the rate of functional decline, and reduces incidence of age-related disease in a variety of species. Most laboratory rodent studies have initiated restriction before puberty, whereas ongoing studies in nonhuman primates utilize restriction in adulthood. The mechanism of action of caloric restriction remains ...
Abrahamsen G C GC Millhauser Laboratories, Department of Psychiatry, New York University Medical Center, NY 10016, - - 1995
Chronic food restriction lowers the threshold for lateral hypothalamic electrical self-stimulation (LHSS). This effect has previously been interpreted to reflect a sensitization of reward. In the present study a curve-shift method was used to explicitly differentiate effects of food restriction on brain stimulation rewarding efficacy and performance. Food restriction consistently ...
Portha B - - 1995
It has been suggested that impaired insulin action and/or insulin secretion in adult mammals could be a consequence of severe food restriction during fetal life. We have determined to what extent glucose homeostasis and insulin action are modified in male offspring of rats undernourished only during the first two trimesters ...
Urao M - - 1995
To investigate the beneficial effects of food restriction on systemic lupus erythematosus in NZB x NZW F1 mice, we separated the mice into three groups. One was fed a diet in which total food intake was reduced to 60% of normal from age 2 mo onward, while the animals were ...
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