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Results 251 - 300 of 718
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Ramkumar K M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether food restriction offers protection against the toxicity of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and, if so, at what percentage of restriction. METHODS: The effects of food restriction (75% and 50% of food intake) and food restriction followed by CCl(4) treatment on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes were studied ...
Kurokawa Mamoru - - 2003
1. We developed a new kind of food search test that can measure murine nocturnal memory without handling hard work for setting up. 2. This apparatus has four food stations, but only one station had accessible food at any time. The one station with accessible food was changed at 4-h ...
Olausson Hanna - - 2003
Repeated oxytocin administration to adult rats causes a long-term decrease of plasma levels of corticosterone and blood pressure and stimulates growth and fat retention. Maternal undernutrition increases blood pressure and plasma corticosterone in adult offspring. We hypothesized that oxytocin treatment early in life would alleviate adverse effects of intrauterine food ...
Lambert K - - 2003
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of food restriction (FR) on sarcolemmal lactate transport in rats. The daily food consumption of rats was monitored for 10 days, after which they were assigned to either a control group (CTL, n = 7) that consumed ...
Himeno Mariko - - 2003
To establish a concrete procedure to achieve a steady state plasma NOx concentration with Japanese daily food, NOx contents of about 200 types of food and beverages consumed daily were measured and NOx concentration in plasma was monitored till steady state after various degree of intake of NOx restricted food. ...
Cabaraux, Jean-François
The effects of different sequences of food restriction and fattening have been studied on plasma metabolites and hormones in double-muscled Belgian Blue bulls. Twenty animals were divided into five groups. The first group (control, CG) was given, ad libitum, a fattening diet based on sugar-beet pulp. In G2 and G3, ...
Muthukumar Alagarraju - - 2003
Atherosclerosis-mediated coronary artery disease is a significant cause of mortality in lupus patients. Both an activated immune system and hyperlipidemia are implicated in the pathogenesis of the atherosclerotic lesions of lupus. In this study, the increases in anticardiolipin antibodies, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol with age were significantly lowered by ...
Edmonds Kent E - - 2003
To examine whether photoperiod and food availability interact to influence reproductive development (Experiment 1), we exposed juvenile male and female rice rats to 16L:8D or 14L:10D and to ad lib, 80% of ad lib, or 60% of ad lib food intake from 3 to 8 weeks of age and recorded ...
Luz J - - 2003
Food restriction imposed during pregnancy usually leads to many alterations in the development of the conceptus. Some of these alterations can be reverted after birth by adequate nutritional rehabilitation, while there are others which are permanent. The aim of this article is to study the influence of maternal food restriction ...
Ali Niloufer Sultan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition continues to be a major problem in Pakistan. Inadequate nutrition contributes substantially to childhood death and disease. Restriction of diet during common childhood illnesses further compromises the nutritional status of the child. The present study aims to determine the beliefs and practices regarding food restrictions during common childhood ...
Chiba Takuya - - 2002
Many hormonal signals from peripheral tissues contribute to the regulation of energy homeostasis and food intake. These regulators including leptin, insulin, and ghrelin, modulate the orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptide expression in hypothalamic nuclei. The anti-aging effects of caloric restriction have been explained from an evolutional viewpoint of the adaptive response ...
Stuber Garret D - - 2002
Food restriction has been shown to increase self-administration of psychostimulants, including cocaine and amphetamine (AMPH). Consistent with this, food-restricted rats are more sensitized to the rewarding effects of cocaine as measured by conditioned place preference (CPP). This study investigated whether moderate food restriction in rats (15 g/day) results in an ...
Escobar Carolina - - 2002
Food entrainment of clock genes in the liver suggests that this organ may underlie a food entrained oscillator (FEO), which manifests under restricted feeding schedule (RFS). In order to test the importance of a functional liver for the expression of FEO, chronic CCl4-treated cirrhotic rats and oil-treated controls were entrained ...
Bello Nicholas T - - 2002
A decrease in D2 dopamine receptor subtype (D2R) binding in the striatum has been reported in obese individuals and drug addicts. We examined D2R density in the striatum of food-restricted rats that had contingent access to food with different incentive values. Results showed that animals receiving limited access to 0.3 ...
Reddy G Bhanuprakash - - 2002
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of food, protein, and vitamin restriction on the susceptibility of lens crystallins to aggregation and chaperone activity of alpha-crystallin. METHODS: Thirty day old Wistar/NIN rats were maintained on regular rodent diet (C), 50% food restriction (FR), 75% protein restriction (PR), and 50% vitamin restriction (VR) ...
Fulton Stephanie S Center for Studies in Behavioural Neurobiology, Concordia University, Hall Building Rm-1013, 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd, Montreal QC, Canada H3G - - 2002
The rewarding effect produced by electrically stimulating particular sites in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) can be enhanced by chronic food restriction and body weight loss. The impact on brain stimulation reward (BSR) of certain hormones involved in the regulation of energy balance, such as leptin and corticotropin-releasing hormone, depends upon ...
Larson Susan J - - 2002
The present studies compared the effect of parenteral administration of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on food-seeking behavior under various conditions. IL-1beta (100 ng/mouse) decreased home cage consumption of sweetened milk to a greater extent in ad libitum fed mice than in mice that were food-restricted to maintain 85-90% of ...
Fulton Stephanie - - 2002
The rewarding effect produced by electrical stimulation of some lateral hypothalamic sites is modulated by chronic food restriction and weight loss. The sensitivity of the rewarding effect to restriction predicts the modulation of brain stimulation reward (BSR) by the adiposity hormone, leptin. The present study examined the effect of corticotropin-releasing ...
Murphy Helen M - - 2002
Two methods of monitoring the circadian rhythm of activity in rodents: (1) an activity wheel cage, which detects the number of wheel revolutions, and (2) an internal radio transmitter, which records gross motor activity (GMA) of the animal, were compared in both normal circadian cycles and during the development of ...
Bilbo Staci D - - 2002
Fever is considered an important host defense response but requires significant metabolic energy. During winter many animals must balance immune function with competing physiological demands (i.e. thermoregulation) to survive. Winterlike patterns of melatonin secretion induce a number of energy-saving adaptations. For instance, Siberian hamsters attenuate the duration of fever during ...
Maddox David A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hyperphagic obese Zucker rats develop glomerular injury and die of renal disease, an outcome prevented by food restriction at an early age. We examined the effects of food restriction imposed at different ages on systemic, renal hemodynamic, and hormonal changes to gain insight into the mechanisms of obesity-linked glomerular ...
Catalina Fernando - - 2002
Dietary dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) reduces food intake in mice, and this response is under genetic control. Moreover, both food restriction and DHEA can prevent or ameliorate certain diseases and mediate other biological effects. Mice fed DHEA (0.45% w/w of food) and mice pair-fed to these mice (food restricted) for 8 weeks ...
Seres J - - 2002
The aim of the present experiments was to study the effect of stress of chronic food restriction (FR) and of repeated psychological challenge (PS) on the development of adjuvant arthritis in the Long Evans male rats. In the FR series, four groups of animals were compared: non-treated control (C) and ...
Abete Pasquale - - 2002
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) has been proposed as an endogenous form of protection against-ischemia reperfusion injury. We have shown that PC does not prevent postischemic dysfunction in the aging heart. This phenomenon could be due to the reduction of cardiac norepinephrine release, and it has also been previously demonstrated that age-related ...
Kealy Richard D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of 25% diet restriction on life span of dogs and on markers of aging. DESIGN: Paired feeding study. ANIMALS: 48 Labrador Retrievers. PROCEDURES: Dogs were paired, and 1 dog in each pair was fed 25% less food than its pair-mate from 8 weeks of age ...
Johnson Frank - - 2002
Adult male zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) produce hundreds of song bouts per day, even when housed in social isolation. Whether the production of this "undirected song" is influenced by specific environmental factors is unclear, although we previously found that short-term food (but not water) deprivation leads to a prompt cessation ...
Sikdar Malabika - - 2002
It was observed that food restriction significantly increase gonadal development for about two months indicating that hypothalamo hypophyseal gonadal axis becomes more sensitive to feeding stress during the early breeding period than the other reproductive phases. Normal testicular development was also not seen in the spotted munia in which food ...
Kurose Tatsuhiko - - 2002
We have examined the effects of 3 weeks of food restriction on both the activity of neurons containing hypothalamic orexin (OX)-A and the level of OX receptor type 2 (OX2R) mRNA in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of rats. Double immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of OX-A and Fos ...
Temple Jennifer L - - 2002
Mild food restriction for 48 h inhibits mating behavior in female musk shrews (Suncus murinus). However, mating behavior is restored after a 90-min feeding bout. In this series of experiments, we examined the role of metabolic fuels in this behavioral restoration. First, drugs reported to block glycolysis or fatty acid ...
Zulkifli I - - 2002
1. This study was conducted to determine the effect of early-age food restriction on heat shock protein (hsp) 70 synthesis in the brains of female broiler chickens exposed to high ambient temperatures. 2. Chicks were brooded for 3 weeks and then maintained at 24+/-1 degrees C. 3. On d 0, ...
Hocking P M - - 2002
1. A 3x2x2 factorial experiment was conducted with boiler breeder females to determine the effects of body weight gain (three levels) and conventional or lower crude protein concentrations in the rations during rearing, and restricted or ad libitum feeding after the peak rate of lay on egg production, fertility, hatchability, ...
Hocking P M - - 2002
1. Broiler breeder females were reared on one of three growth curves (ad libitum, conventional or modified restriction) and given rations containing a high or low concentration of crude protein. After the peak rate of lay they were fed ad libitum or a decreasing quantity of food in response to ...
Wilson Barbara J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of an evidence-based practice project that will evaluate less restrictive dietary practices and focus on hand washing in adult patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. DATA SOURCES: Guidelines, protocols, and published articles. CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of scientific basis for food restrictions, a wide variation in ...
Sohlström Annica - - 2002
Oxytocin treatment may permanently alter endocrine axes resulting in anti-stress and anabolic effects. However, the nutritional status influences the effects of oxytocin. The specific aims of this study were to investigate the effects of postnatal oxytocin treatment on reproductive performance in adult life, by studying maternal weight gain, adiposity, plasma ...
Andrade José P - - 2002
The hippocampal formation undergoes significant morphological and functional changes after prolonged feeding with low-protein diets. In this study we tested whether prolonged food restriction causes deleterious alterations in this brain region as well. It was found that the total number of dentate granule cells and hippocampal CA3 and CA1 pyramidal ...
Combet S - - 2001
The mechanisms underlying the prevention of age-related polyuria by chronic food restriction were investigated in female WAG/Rij rats. The decreased osmolality of renal papilla observed in senescent rats was not corrected by food restriction. A reduced urea content in the inner medulla of senescent rats, fed ad libitum or food-restricted, ...
Kang M - - 2001
The effects of food restriction on the serotonergic system were investigated immunohistochemically in both the midbrain and hypothalamic regions of rats. Rats were fed on a restricted feeding schedule consisting of half of the ad libitum quantity for 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks and a free feeding schedule for ...
Austad S N - - 2001
Some researchers have speculated that the senescence-retarding effect of caloric restriction on laboratory rodents is an artifact of overfeeding under captive conditions. The argument posits that mice in nature are chronically calorically restricted; therefore, the typical laboratory protocol of restricting animals to 60% of their ad lib food intake more ...
Kitaysky A S - - 2001
Release of corticosterone in hungry kittiwake chicks facilitates begging and allows them to restore depleted energy reserves by increasing parental food provisioning. However, in order to avoid detrimental effects of chronic elevation of corticosterone, chicks might suppress adrenocortical activity in response to prolonged food shortages. In this study we examined ...
Marceau P - - 2001
Biliopancreatic diversion is the only valuable surgical approach for changing intestinal absorption. It is efficient in producing appropriate permanent weight loss and has a considerable psychological advantage because it does not impose abnormal food restriction. It not only decreases caloric absorption, but it also directly improves insulin and lipid metabolism. ...
Kriegsfeld L J - - 2001
Individuals of species inhabiting temperate and boreal latitudes optimize the timing of energetically costly processes by curtailing nonessential energetically demanding processes when environmental conditions are not favourable. One proximate environmental variable used to fine-tune moment-to-moment changes in reproductive physiology and behaviour is food intake. The neuroendocrine mechanisms by which food ...
Pravosudov V V - - 2001
Birds respond to short-term deterioration in foraging conditions by increasing their plasma level of corticosterone but the physiological effects of long-term deterioration in food supplies are not well known. In resident passerine birds that winter in temperate climates, such as the mountain chickadee (Poecile gambeli), the food supply may be ...
Brzek P - - 2001
We examined developmental and behavioural plasticity of sand martin (Riparia riparia) nestlings hand-reared under laboratory conditions. We created six broods of six 4-day-old nestlings and randomly assigned them to one of the two following feeding regimens, each lasting for 3 days: (1) all nestmates fed a similar, limited amount of ...
Diaz G B - - 2001
The aim of this paper was to analyze the renal performance of the insectivorous desert mouse opossum, Thylamys pusilla, a marsupial that inhabits temperate drylands of the Neotropics. We measured the urine concentrating ability of this marsupial in the field and under three different experimental conditions in the laboratory. (1) ...
Lixin Wu
A 40-day feeding experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of previous food restriction on the compensatory growth response in Chinese shrimp, Fenneropenaeus chinensis. Four groups of shrimp with initial body weight of 2.189 ± 0.093 g (mean ± SE) were used, in which the control group (Group C) received ...
Filaire E - - 2001
Dietary intake, plasma lipids, lipoprotein and apolipoprotein levels, anthropometric measurements and anaerobic performance were studied in eleven judo athletes during a period of weight maintenance (T1) and after a 7d food restriction (T2). Dietary data were collected using a 7-day diet record. Nutrient analysis indicated that these athletes followed a ...
Carroll M E - - 2001
The effects of ketoconazole, an inhibitor of corticosterone synthesis, were examined during food satiation and food restriction in male and female rats to determine whether increases in heroin self-administration prompted by food restriction were due to a stress response. Females self-administered more heroin infusions than males under both feeding conditions. ...
Kumar V - - 2001
The effects of the duration and time of food availability on stimulation of the photoperiodic responses (fattening and gain in body mass, and growth and development of testes) were investigated in the migratory blackheaded bunting (Emberiza melanocephala). Two experiments were performed. Experiment I examined the effects of a reduction in ...
McKechnie A E - - 2001
We investigated normothermic thermoregulation and heterothermic responses to restricted food in the speckled mousebird Colius striatus, in the context of the widely accepted distinction between normothermia, rest-phase hypothermia, and torpor. Normothermic thermoregulation differed from typical endothermic patterns in that rest-phase body temperature (Tb) was not maintained with respect to a ...
Deacon R M - - 2001
Mice received intra-hippocampal injections of scrapie-infected brain homogenate. Open field activity increased from around week 12 post-injection. Concomitantly the tendency to displace food from a tube inside the home cage decreased. The food was generally dug out with the feet, rather than carried by mouth, so its displacement was called ...
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