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Sullivan E A - - 1984
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are attracting renewed attention as effective antidepressants for refractory depressions, particularly among the elderly. However, widespread fears concerning the interactions of MAOIs with tyramine-containing foods have led to the development of long and complicated diets. These diets have served as an obstacle to the ready use ...
Stiglick A - - 1984
Naive food-restricted and food-satiated rats were given a choice between ethanol (8%, 16%, or 32%) and water for 22 hours/day over 14 days. On all days and at all concentrations, intakes of ethanol were significantly higher in the food-restricted animals. Doses consumed by these animals were highest when 32% ethanol ...
Hamm R J - - 1984
Nine rats were placed on a restricted food diet for 14 days and nociceptive thresholds were measured by the tail-flick procedure. After 24 hr of food restriction nociceptive thresholds increased. This initial increase in nociceptive threshold was followed by a decrease in pain threshold on the second day of food ...
Kohlschütter A - - 1984
The GM1 gangliosidoses are clinically characterized by the combination of a degenerative process in the brain and of storage phenomena in extra-neural tissues, particularly in bones and visceral organs. Phenotypic variability is pronounced. "Classical" types, according to the age at onset, are infantile ("generalized"), juvenile, and adult forms. In rare ...
Kubo C - - 1984
Reduced food intake doubles and even triples the life span of (NZB X NZW)F1 (B/W) mice and greatly influences of food intake while keeping vitamin and mineral intake constant in mice of the MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr (MRL/l) strain. Restriction of food intake greatly prolongs life. This influence also was seen when dietary ...
Johnson R J - - 1984
Production responses of laying hens to food restriction during rearing were measured in two trials. Food was restricted by two methods: time restriction (TR, food continuously available for 24 to 30 h each 72 h) and proportion restriction (PR, daily allocations of about 60 to 70% of that consumed by ...
Walker J I - - 1984
Exaggerated fears of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and of their interactions with foods often restrict their use. A review of the literature reveals seven food items most likely to produce a hypertensive crisis in combination with MAOI administration: aged cheeses, smoked or pickled fish, beef or chicken liver, dry fermented ...
Ricci G L - - 1984
To test the hypothesis that the presence of food in the intestine plays a role in the control of serum bilirubin levels, the effect of a 1674 kJ (400 kcal) diet, including non-absorbable material able to produce an intestinal bulk, was compared with the effect of caloric restriction alone. In ...
Hadler M H - - 1984
Modest restriction of sodium intake is commonly prescribed in hypertensive or fluid-retaining states in the elderly. In recent years this intervention is generally adjunctive to pharmacologic therapy. Its utility was tested by comparison of baseline serum urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels, weight, and mean blood pressure with these determinations ...
Blank J L - - 1984
Spermatogenesis is generally viewed as being resistant to reduced food intake in inbred strains of adult mammals. This consensus stems from studies that have failed to place testicular responses within the context of a species' reproductive characteristics. We exposed two species of wild rodents, house mice and deer mice, to ...
Harrison D E - - 1984
Restricted feeding of rodents increases longevity, but its mechanism of action is not understood. We studied the effects of life-long food restriction in genetically obese and normal mice of the same inbred strain in order to distinguish whether the reduction in food intake or the reduction in adiposity (percentage of ...
Lloyd T - - 1984
Food restriction was used to increase the life span of normotensive (WKY) and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). When SHR's were maintained on 40% of an otherwise typical lab rat diet, their mean life spans increased from 18 months to over 30 months. The mean life times of normotensive rats which ...
Young R A - - 1984
The interrelationships between body weight, food consumption and plasma thyroid hormone concentrations were studied during the spring, summer and fall in two groups of woodchucks: those allowed to eat ad libitum and those kept at their March weight by food restriction. The food consumption of the ad libitum fed control ...
Kalu D N - - 1984
In the first of two studies, female Wistar rats were fed ad libitum or 60% of the ad libitum intake. In the second study, female Sprague Dawley rats were given subcutaneous injections of DHEA (2-4 mg/day) five times per week or received similar volumes of the solvent vehicle. Animals in ...
Savard P - - 1983
The norepinephrine (NE) concentration of 14 discrete brain nuclei of rats fed with either purina rat chow or highly palatable foods, given ad libitum or in a restricted quantity isocaloric with the Purina rat chow diet, was measured by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. The NE level was ...
Wyndham J R - - 1983
The development of proteinuria with increasing age was studied in three groups of male Wistar rats: ad libitum fed and isolated, ad libitum fed and group housed 6 to 8 rats per cage, and food restricted (one-third of the isolated ad libitum food intake) and isolated. Studies were begun at ...
Allen R G - - 1983
The effects of total inhibition of catalase, induced by 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, on the adult housefly (Musca domestica) were examined. The lack of catalase activity had no effect on the longevity of the houseflies. Inorganic-peroxide concentration was elevated at younger ages, but declined in older flies. The rate of oxygen consumption by ...
Jondorf W R - - 1983
Excretion and tissue distribution of the virtually unmetabolizable lipophilic model 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (6-CB) was studied in rats with decreasing adipose tissue mass imposed by various food intake manipulations. Single doses of 6-CB (0.6 mg/kg iv) were administered to adult male rats. Excretion was followed daily and tissue distribution was determined after ...
Honma K I - - 1983
The effects of food on plasma corticosterone levels were examined in rats under restricted daily feeding or prolonged food deprivation. High hormone levels before feeding were observed when the daily meal was restricted to 2 h at a fixed time of day, but it was not detected when food availability ...
Everitt A V - - 1983
Hypophysectomy in young male Wistar rats aged 70 days, like food restriction begun at the same age, retarded the life-long rate of collagen aging in tail tendon fibres and inhibited the development of age-associated proteinuria and renal histopathology. Hypothalamic lesions which increased the food intake of hypophysectomized rats from 7 ...
Leon M - - 1983
The time that food-restricted Norway rat dams spent in contact with their offspring was elevated only during that portion of the day in which their body temperatures were depressed. These data support a thermal model for the limitation of mother-young contact. The depression in maternal body temperature appeared to be ...
Kanarek R B - - 1983
Rats housed in either activity wheels or standard laboratory cages received access to food either ad lib or for one 60-min, two 30-min, or four 15-min periods per day. Imposition of restricted feeding schedules led to reductions in food intake and body weight which were greater for animals with access ...
Wink C S - - 1983
Seven-day-old domestic ducklings were assigned to groups and fed freshwater and food ad libitum (control), 1% NaCl and food ad libitum (stressed), or freshwater and only as much food as the stressed group ate (starved). Tissues were sampled after 3 and 7 days. Other groups of ducklings were fed freshwater ...
Hiscox D N - - 1983
A previous poster presentation proposed the use of isolated units for life span studies in rodents. This novel concept of design was considered to be the best available housing system for these studies. To further support our claim that these units provide good quality reproduceable results control data obtained from ...
Masoro E J - - 1982
Food restriction has long been known to prolong life in rodents, and recent studies have shown it to have antiaging effects in regard to a variety of physiologic and pathologic processes. It has been suggested that these actions of food restriction relate to the reduction of metabolic rate per unit ...
Real M - - 1982
Beliefs and practices of 100 urban mothers regarding "hot" and "cold" foods during four common childhood illnesses were determined by using a pretested, partly structured interview schedule. Egg, by 60% of mothers, mango by 52%, lentils by 49%, jaggery by 46% were considered "hot" properties. "Hot" foods were preferred and ...
Mphahlele M - - 1982
The practice of Pedi midwives of yester-year of restricting the food intake of expectant mothers to prevent difficult labour due to large babies producing disproportion, is described. This practice is currently being investigated scientifically. Although teaching in the UK 4 decades ago recognized increase of weight in pregnant women as ...
Moreira A C - - 1982
Plasma corticosteroid circadian periodicity was determined in three groups of individual adult male rats. Categories were: post-subdiaphragmatic vagotomy, sham-operated, and controls. Blood was sampled every 4 hours over a 48-hour period with ad lib feeding and after a 13-day period on daytime (0930--1330) restriction of food and water availability. Plasma ...
Johnson T S - - 1982
Two factors that may determine brown adipose tissue (BAT) hypertrophy during conditions of increased metabolic heat production are increased food intake and increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. Since these two proceed pari passu during cold exposure, their independent contributions to BAT hypertrophy are unknown. To examine the role of ...
Seidler F J - - 1982
Food consumption of control pregnant and nursing rats was matched to that of methadone-treated dams and the patterns of growth and of biochemical development of the brain in the offspring were compared, using tyrosine hydroxylase activity as a marker for synaptogenesis of catecholamine neurons and the developmental pattern of ornithine ...
Oxlund H - - 1982
The influence of long term systemic glucocorticoid treatment and food restriction on the mechanical properties of muscle tendons and skin was investigated. A group of male, albino rabbits received prednisolone intramuscularly for 63 days. Another group was food restricted to achieve the same weight loss as the prednisolone treated group. ...
Ito R - - 1982
The use of hydrogen peroxide as a labile and safe food preservative in fish cake and boiled noodles has recently been restricted by the Japanese government, since hyperplasia has been found in the duodenum of mice after long-term peroral study. The action of compounds with resembling mode of action, potassium ...
Boyle P C - - 1981
Both the resting rate of O2 consumption and the heat increment in response to an intubated meal were measured in male rats following periods of food restriction and during realimentation. In one experiment, resting rates of O2 consumption were significantly reduced below control values after food consumption had been restricted ...
Michell A R - - 1981
Food and water intake were restricted by 29% for 48 h in ovariectomized ewes, to see whether such changes could cause a pattern of water and electrolyte excretion similar to that observed during the oestrous cycle. The closest resemblance appeared in the effect on water balance and there was also ...
Abdelsamie R E - - 1981
1. The water requirements of broilers in a hot, humid tropical environment were measured and the effects of four forms of water restriction were investigated over 9 weeks. 2. Voluntary water intake was 10 1 over 9 weeks, about 4.3 1 being consumed during the last 2 weeks. 3. Various ...
Prasad K V - - 1981
The present investigation was designed to understand the mechanism underlying the altered pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of norethindrone and levonorgestrel observed in undernourished rabbits. Eighteen albino rabbits aged 3-4 months were divided into two groups. One group received a stock diet ad libitum and the other group was individually fed ...
McClure P A - - 1981
Mothers of eastern wood rats (Neotoma floridana) normally invest their lactation energy equally in male and female offspring, but alter that investment when their food is severely restricted during lactation. The effect of the altered investment is a significant bias against males in both mortality and growth.
Burr R G - - 1981
The effects of variation in fluid intake, of hard or softened drinking water, and of dietary calcium restriction on urinary relative saturation with calcium phosphates and magnesium ammonium phosphate were studied in 36 patients with neruogenic bladder. The relationship between urine volume and brushite saturation was statistically significant in 25 ...
Gow C B - - 1981
Ewes which had been lactating for 3--4 weeks and which had been milked by hand from the day of parturition were subjected to food restriction for 4 days. One group of three ewes was fed ad libitum and a second group of four ewes was fed to meet calculated requirements ...
Randeria J D - - 1981
Well-documented results of worldwide research on hazardous life-style factors pertaining to harmful food habits can be gainfully employed. They suggest that during pregnancy, lactation, childhood, and adolescence drastic control of oral intake of unessential hazardous food items be advocated for cancer control effective through adulthood. The sensitivity to carcinogenic initiators ...
Deyl Z - - 1981
It has been demonstrated that the content of the collagen type I is more affected by both chronic low protein diet feeding and chronic food deprivation (50% food intake) than the content of collagen type III. By introducing these dietary regimes the proportion of collagen type I to collagen type ...
Lintern-Moore S - - 1981
A 50 p. 100 restriction of food intake in female Wistar rats from day 21 to day 42 of life prevented ovulation and altered the size distribution and numbers of ovarian follicles. The rate of atresia of non-growing oocytes in primordial follicles was retarded resulting in more oocytes per ovary. ...
Masoro E J - - 1980
It has long been known that food restriction markedly increases the length of life of rats and other laboratory rodents. It has been further shown that life-prolonging food restriction delays the occurrence or slows the progression of those diseases believed to limit the life span of the animal. However, the ...
Santidrian S - - 1980
A significant impairment in the rate of growth and food efficiency, along with an increase in the non-protein nitrogenous fraction and a decrease in the sarcoplasmic nitrogenous fraction of the skeletal musculature, was found in chickens fed ad libitum over a 7-week period on the raw legumes V. faba, G. ...
Pearce J - - 1980
1. The effects of restricted feeding, and ad lib. feeding following food restriction, on hepatic carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in the laying hen were studied. 2. The birds were allocated to four groups and given either 92, 84 or 75 g/d or allowed ad lib. access to food. 3. Food ...
Krieger D T - - 1980
The concentrations of plasma corticosteroids and of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin in microdissected brain regions were measured at 08.00, 12.00 and 20.00 h in male rats fed ad libitum and in rats whose food intake was restricted to 09.30-11.30 h. In ad libitum fed animals, plasma corticosteroids were lowest at ...
Liepa G U - - 1980
Fischer 344 male rats were either fed ad libitum or 60% of the ad libitum intake. The restriction of food intake markedly increased the median length of life. Postabsorptive serum cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations increase in the ad libitum-fed rats with increasing age. Life-prolonging food restriction does not influence the ...
Yamada K - - 1980
The effect of food restriction on the intestinal weight and membrane digestive enzyme activities was observed in rats with diabetes induced by streptozotocin. The specific activities of disaccharidases of food non-restricted diabetic rats were not changed, but total activities were significantly increased due to the increase of intestinal mucosal weight. ...
Itoh S - - 1980
Earlier observations that food restriction for a short period of time in the morning produced an altered circadian rhythm of plasma corticosterone having the peak just before feeding time, and that the elevated plasma corticosterone levels declined promptly immediately after food presentation were confirmed. After a 14-day restricted feeding schedule, ...
Hastings M M - - 1979
Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations in the plasma and their metabolic clearance and production rates were studied in pregnant protein-deficient and food-restricted rats on the 20th day of gestation. Total T3 levels in the plasma were significantly reduced in malnourished dams, with those of food-restricted dams being consistently lower ...
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