Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 727
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Whitehead C C - - 1987
1. Dwarf broiler breeders were either fed ad libitum or restricted to allow growth to mean body weights of 1.4 or 1.8 kg at 20 weeks of age. During the breeding period these birds were fed ad libitum, or food was restricted to different degrees and the birds subjected to ...
Preston A P - - 1987
1. Layers housed as pairs in cages were denied access to food from 07.30 to 15.30 h each day. Analyses of video records of daily activity patterns showed several behaviour changes compared with the patterns shown by similar birds allowed ad libitum (AL) access to food. 2. Birds given restricted ...
Ves Losada A - - 1987
Male rats maintained at 24 C and then shifted to 5 C for 5 days increased food intake and decreased in growth rate and food conversion. No modification was observed in delta 6 desaturase activity, while delta 9 desaturase activity decreased after this period of time. These results were confirmed ...
Pugliese M T - - 1987
Parental misconceptions and health beliefs concerning what constitutes a normal diet for infants is reported as a cause for failure to thrive. There were seven patients (four boys, three girls), 7 to 22 months of age, who were evaluated for poor weight gain and linear growth. They were only consuming ...
Pinchasov Y - - 1987
The relationship between water intake and water concentration in the body and in the gastrointestinal contents was studied in meat-type chickens fed either intermittently or ad libitum, as controls. In experiment 1, male broilers were reared from 12 to 33 d of age and were fed every second day or ...
Totter J R - - 1987
Beneficial (hormetic) effects of ionizing radiation have been largely ignored in developing radiobiological theory, chiefly because a suitable explanatory hypothesis is lacking. Examination of the relevant literature has revealed that food restriction effects in animals resemble those of low-level, low-LET, whole-body ionizing radiation exposure (without food restriction) in two major ...
Rehm S - - 1987
A life span study of 900 female virgin Han:NMRI mice (300 outbred controls, 300 of a fat subline, and 300 of a lean subline) was done to determine the occurrence of spontaneous disease with ad libitum or restricted feeding. Major nonneoplastic lesions in the glandular stomach were erosions, ulcers and ...
Azoulay-Dupuis E - - 1987
The effects of food restriction or 20 ppm NO2 exposure on humoral immunity were investigated in normal and adrenalectomized C57Bl/6 mice. The thymic and splenic weights of sham-operated mice were similarly diminished after 4 days of NO2 exposure or 4 days of food depletion. The responses of corresponding adrenalectomized mice ...
Harrison D E - - 1987
Lifelong food restriction to two-thirds of normal ad libitum consumption extended mean and maximum life spans more than 200 d in male B6CBAF1 hybrid mice, already a long-lived genotype. The following biological systems were improved by food restriction, with values for older mice being similar to those previously found for ...
Cleary M P - - 1987
The effects of long-term moderate food restriction were assessed in lean and obese male Zucker rats. A 30% reduction in food intake from 5 to 68 wk of age resulted in parallel lowering of body weight in both lean and obese rats compared to their respective ad libitum-fed control groups. ...
Woodside B - - 1987
The ability of rat dams to cope with food restriction as well as a concurrent lactation and pregnancy was examined by varying the duration, time of onset and severity of the food restriction schedule. Groups of females impregnated in the postpartum estrus and nursing 8 pups were either allowed to ...
Armario A - - 1987
Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to food restriction so that they ate 65% of food ingested by control rats. While control rats had free access to food over the 24-hour period, food-restricted rats were provided with food daily at 10 a.m. The experimental period lasted for 34 days. On ...
Puerta M L - - 1987
Food intake, body weight and brown adipose tissue (BAT) mass and composition of rats exposed at 6 degrees C either with food ad libitum or food-restricted were compared with those of rats in the thermoneutral zone, with food ad libitum. Cold acclimation with food ad libitum increases food intake and ...
Luz J - - 1987
The objective of the present study was to determine the relative importance of thermoregulatory and energy conservation mechanisms in cold-exposed, food-restricted rats at thermoneutrality. Oxygen consumption was measured at 25 degrees C and 10 degrees C in rats acclimated at 30 degrees C and fed ad libitum and in animals ...
Nelson R J - - 1987
The role of the pineal gland in mediating reproductive regression in response to nonphotoperiodic cues was assessed. A proportion of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) undergo gonadal regression subsequent to moderate food restriction. The reproductive regression after inanition qualitatively and quantitatively resembles short-day-induced regression. The physiological mechanisms responsible for gonadal regression ...
Pucciarelli H M - - 1987
Holtzman rats were subjected to food restriction during gestation or lactation, or both periods (overall stress). At weaning, male pup skulls were measured and female brains and cranial masticatory muscles were weighed and a neuromuscular index was calculated. It was found that gestational protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) without suckling restoration accounted ...
Hill J O JO Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Atlanta, GA - - 1987
To investigate whether intermittent fasting alters subsequent utilization of ingested energy, we compared, in six groups of 450-g male Wistar rats, two modalities of food delivery: constant (CO) vs fasting for 3 days and refeeding for 7 days (F/RF). Both modalities were investigated at three planes of nutrition (100, 60 ...
Schwartz A G - - 1986
It has been known for many years that reducing the food intake of laboratory mice and rats inhibits the development of a broad spectrum of chemically induced and spontaneous tumors, but the mechanism of this effect is poorly understood. Food restriction of A/J mice for two weeks is now shown ...
Nelson W - - 1986
The possibility that circadian rhythm alteration may contribute to the life-prolonging effect of food restriction was investigated in female CD2F1 mice housed in a room with a 12-h span of fluorescent lighting daily. A control group was allowed to feed ad libitum throughout life while three other groups began lifelong ...
Sisk C L - - 1986
This experiment concerned the changing patterns in secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and growth hormone (GH) under conditions of food restriction and subsequent catch-up growth. Weanling male rats were given either restricted (4 g food/day) or unrestricted access to food until 60 days of age. At this ...
Cleary M P - - 1986
Previously, it was found that lean and obese Zucker rats (9-15 wk of age) responded differently to the first of four cycles of food restriction/refeeding. In later cycles, they responded similarly. The present study was undertaken to determine if this finding was due to age, adaptation to the intervention or ...
Rossi T M - - 1986
The reversibility of the effects of postnatal malnutrition on the intestinal brush border enzymes and somatic and intestinal weights were examined using either ad libitum or restricted feedings. Malnutrition was induced in the immediate postnatal period by expanding newborn rat litters to 20 pups/dam. At 21 days of age, malnourished ...
Sweatman M C - - 1986
We report the case of an 8.5-year-old girl with oro-facial granulomatosis associated with clinical atopy, in whom relapse of her granulomatous disorder was shown to be related to exposure to specific food additives, viz. carmoisine, sunset yellow and monosodium glutamate. Treatment with a restricted diet resulted in considerable regression in ...
Desautels M - - 1986
Fasting for 36-48 h or food restriction (30% reduction of daily food intake for 6 weeks) caused brown adipose tissue (BAT) atrophy in hamsters. Fasting-induced atrophy was characterized by reductions in tissue mass, DNA, protein, and thermogenin. By contrast, food restriction had no effect on tissue cellularity (DNA) but markedly ...
Forger N G - - 1986
The role of white adipose tissue in development of the reproductive apparatus of male golden-mantled ground squirrels was assessed by surgical removal of fat (lipectomy) immediately prior to onset of hibernation or by manipulation of fat levels through food restriction for 5 wk preceding hibernation. Animals then were maintained without ...
Bronson F H - - 1986
Prepubertal female rats were maintained continuously at 45% of their expected 50-day body weight by restricting their food intake. Uteri and ovaries declined in weight under these conditions. No evidence of pulsatile LH release was seen when these animals were examined at 50 days of age. Allowing unlimited access to ...
Hashmi R S - - 1986
Wistar strain adult male and female rats were given 25, 50 and 75% less food than an ad libitum-fed group of rats for 45 d and the effects of food restriction on hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, microsomal electron transport components, NADPH-dependent lipid peroxidation and glutathione-S-transferase activities were studied. Compared to ...
Honma K - - 1986
The roles of food and/or water ingestion in the regulation of plasma corticosterone level were examined in rats under restricted daily feeding. When the time of food-pellets and water supply was restricted to 2 hours in the early light period (meal feeding) for 2 weeks, the corticosterone level increased prior ...
Shido O - - 1986
The effects of chronic administration of naloxone (120-150 micrograms X kg-1 X h-1) on the wheel running activity (WR) and on food and water intakes were studied in male Wistar rats subjected to a 2-h restricted feeding (1200-1400 h) schedule at 24 +/- 1 degrees C and LD 12:12 (L: ...
Prasad R - - 1986
Riboflavin deficiency and food restriction were associated with greater solubility and lesser total and insoluble collagen concentration in rat skin. Studies using 3H-proline suggest that the lower collagen concentration under these conditions could be due to a decrease in synthesis as well as slow maturation of collagen. The mechanisms underlying ...
Borowitz J L - - 1986
Moderate changes in food intake produced by diethylstilbestrol in rats were not well correlated with changes in urinary norepinephrine, vanillylmandelic acid or epinephrine. Apparently moderate dietary restrictions are not capable of decreasing adrenergic activity, and the decreased urinary norepinephrine produced by diethylstilbestrol is not associated with decreased availability of dietary ...
Hayashida M - - 1986
The changes with age in the ultrastructure of the kidneys were explored in ad libitum fed rats with restricted food intake started soon after weaning or started in young adult life or limited to early life and in rats restricted in protein but not caloric intake. Many ultrastructural changes occurred ...
Chik C L - - 1986
Male rats, kept under a lighting condition of 14 hours light and 10 hours dark were subjected to either ad libitum feeding or 50 per cent caloric restriction. At the end of 3 weeks, body weight and serum tryptophan (TRP) and serotonin (5 HT) were determined over a 24 hours ...
Yu B P - - 1985
The aims of this research were (a) to compare food restriction initiated in adult life of male Fischer 344 rats with that limited to early life or involving most of the life span on physical, metabolic, and longevity characteristics and (b) to study a similar level of protein restriction without ...
Maeda H - - 1985
The aim of this study was to explore the effects of nutritional manipulations on the occurrence and progression of age-related pathologic lesions in male Fischer 344 rats. The following nutritional regimens were studied: (a) ad libitum feeding, (b) food restriction initiated at 6 weeks of age, (c) food restriction initiated ...
Kohno A - - 1985
The effects of chronic food restriction on grading scores of senescence, deposition of senile amyloid (ASSAM), mean life span and 10th decile were investigated by using animal models for accelerated senescence (SAM-P/1) and for normal aging (SAM-R/1). The experimental groups consisted of control (ad libitum fed), 80% (fed 80% of ...
Di Giulio R T - - 1985
The single and combined effects of cadmium ingestion and food restriction were examined in a 42-day experiment with male, juvenile mallard ducks. A 2 X 3 factorial design was employed consisting of two levels of food supply (ad libitum and 55% of ad libitum intake) and three levels of cadmium ...
Patterson N H - - 1985
Data from plating experiments indicated that Halobacterium cutirubrum NRC34001 has at least two separate restriction-modification systems. A spontaneous or induced loss of one or both systems resulted in four restriction-modification phenotypes. There was a positive correlation between changes in gas vacuolation phenotypes and either restriction-modification system.
Rehm S - - 1985
A life span study with 900 female virgin Han:NMRI mice (300 outbred controls, 300 of a fat subline and 300 of a lean subline) was carried out to determine the occurrence of spontaneous disease with ad libitum or restricted feeding. The major age-dependent non-neoplastic alteration of the thyroid was a ...
Johnson R J - - 1985
The influence of two methods of food restriction during rearing on the body and liver composition of layer-type birds was investigated during and after restriction. In each of two experiments groups of birds were reared on one of three treatments: ad libitum food intake (A), time-limited food restriction (TR) or ...
Rehm S - - 1985
A life-span study with 900 female virgin Han:NMRI mice (300 outbred controls, 300 of a fat subline and 300 of a lean subline) was carried out to determine the occurrence of spontaneous diseases with ad libitum or restricted feeding. Rare non-neoplastic lesions of the lungs (1-8%) were secondary inflammations, focal ...
Larsen T S - - 1985
The high-arctic Svalbard reindeer (SR) deposit great amounts of body fat in autumn for subsequent use during winter when food is often in short supply. Captive SR and, for comparative reasons, the sub-arctic Norwegian reindeer (NR) were offered 15% of their ad libitum food intake during a 21-day period in ...
Hyams J S - - 1985
Chronic nonspecific diarrhea (CNSD) remains a common pediatric problem. Previous reports have suggested disordered small intestinal motility, food intolerances, dietary fat restriction, and excessive fluid consumption as possible contributory factors. We have recently encountered a subset of children with CNSD in whom nonexcessive apple juice intake seemed to cause their ...
Kraly F S - - 1985
Eating and drinking in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were measured at 5-17 wk of life. The SHR drank significantly more water in 24 h than WKY as early as wk 9, spilled more dry food than did WKY, and exhibited an inverse relation between 24-h water intake ...
McCarter R - - 1985
Metabolic rate was determined by measuring O2 consumption in two groups of 6-mo-old male rats fed ad libitum (group 1) or maintained on a life-prolonging food-restriction regimen for 4.5 mo (group 2). These measurements were made continuously for 23.75 h under conditions nearly identical to those of the daily life ...
Blum J W - - 1985
Effects of food restriction, followed by refeeding, on energy and nitrogen metabolism, growth rates and blood levels of hormones and metabolites were studied in steers. During the restriction period, which lasted for almost 5 mo, allowance for energy and nitrogen were close to maintenance requirements. Heat production and growth rates ...
Kerr J S - - 1985
Emphysema is produced by severe food restriction in rats and is postulated to result from depletion of lung connective tissue. We studied (1) whether total dietary protein depletion worsens nutritional emphysema, and (2) whether the reduced content of lung connective tissue in nutritional emphysema results from lack of accumulation caused ...
Glore S R - - 1985
The effects of food restriction (50% of ad libitum-fed controls) on maternal tissues during lactation (LR) or during both gestation and lactation (GLR) were examined in rats. Skeletal muscle protein, RNA and fiber diameter were reduced in response to the LR and GLR treatments, but muscle DNA and fiber number ...
Blank J L - - 1985
The reproductive responses of two species of wild rodents, house mice and deer mice, were evaluated following a 30% reduction in food intake for 5 wk. These animal models were chosen as prototypes of other rodent species because each employs unique functional adjustments when confronted with reduced resources in their ...
Johnson R J - - 1984
Fasting heat production was measured in darkened respiration chambers at three chronological and three physiological ages during rearing and laying in a layer strain to determine the effects of food restriction during rearing. There were three rearing treatments (42 to 162 days of age) in which birds were allowed ad ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >