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Results 351 - 400 of 545
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Ebenezer I S - - 1990
The cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor antagonist MK-329 (previously L364,718) was administered intravenously (IV) (17.5-140 micrograms/kg) to pigs trained to make operant responses for food reinforcements after 4 hr of food deprivation. MK-329 produced a dose-related increase in food intake during the 2-hr test period, with maximum increases occurring at a dose ...
Smith G P - - 1989
To investigate the hypothesized inhibitory effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) released from the small intestine on food intake and gastric emptying, we infused soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) into the stomach or duodenum of male rats deprived of food for 17 h. Intraduodenal infusions of STI (100-200 mg) before real or sham ...
Peikin S R - - 1989
CCK appears to regulate short-term control of food intake by acting as a satiety signal. Larger doses of CCK may decrease food intake by aversive actions (malaise, nausea, cramps), presumably by effects on gastrointestinal motility. In rats and most likely humans CCK is released from the upper intestine after a ...
Chou C C - - 1989
The role of prostanoids in regulation of jejunal blood flow (JBF) was studied in anesthetized dogs. Intra-arterial infusions of arachidonate produced biphasic changes and dose-dependent decreases in jejunal vascular resistance (JVR) in untreated and aspirin-pretreated dogs, respectively; mefenamate abolished these responses. The jejunum released prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) greater than PGE2 ...
Strubbe J H - - 1989
In order to compare effects of circulating CCK-8 and glucagon on food intake, rats were provided with a permanently implanted catheter in the right atrium. Another cannula was implanted into the hepatic-portal vein by a new technique. After a standard fasting period graded loads of CCK-8 and glucagon were infused ...
Inui A - - 1989
Cholecystokinin octapeptide, administered into the third cerebral ventricle (icv), suppresses feeding in sheep, pigs, chicken, rats, and dogs. Because of the species differences in the feeding response to cholecystokinin (CCK), we studied the pharmacological characterization of this peptide on feeding in 16-h-fasted dogs. We examined the effects of CCK-(26-33)-NH2 (CCK-8) ...
Hermes M L - - 1989
The amount of immunocytochemically detectable vasopressin in the brain of the European hamster (Cricetus cricetus) shows a seasonal variation; i.e., dense vasopressin immunoreactivity is present in the lateral septum during summer but is absent in autumn and winter [Buijs, R. M., Pévet, P., Masson-Pévet, M., Pool, C. W., De Vries, ...
Schaffer N E - - 1989
The bladder of 6 lion-tailed macaques was emptied and flushed with sterile saline. TALP-Hepes buffer was infused and the animals were electroejaculated. After electroejaculation, the semen quality was determined in the ejaculate and the bladder infusate. Of the 15 ejaculates analysed, a mean (+/- s.e.m.) sperm count of 133.8 (+/- ...
Kalogeris T J - - 1989
interactions of cholecystokinin COOH-terminal octapeptide (CCK-8) and somatostatin-14 (SS-14) on food intake in dogs were examined by administration of graded doses of these peptides alone and in combination. In animals fasted 19 h, SS-14 (2,000 or 20,000 pmol.kg-1.h-1) had no effect on food intake. In animals fasted 4 h, food ...
Walls E K - - 1989
To assess the effect of gut signals on food intake two types of nutrients were infused intravenously for 17.5 hours in 17 hour fed rats. In the first experiment a solution of 25% d-glucose and 4.25% amino acids (Travasol) was infused at levels of 26 and 52 kcal/day for two ...
Stallone D - - 1989
The existence of a relationship between cholecystokinin (CCK)-induced satiety and the serotoninergic system was evaluated. The food intake of 3-h-fasted male rats was studied after treatment with the COOH-terminal octapeptide of CCK (CCK-8) alone or in combination with one of two blockers of serotonin (5-HT) receptors, metergoline (MET; 1.0 or ...
Gregory P C - - 1989
The influence of the cholecystokinin (CCK) antagonist L-364,718 (0.1 mg/kg) on short-term control of food intake was studied in 6 pigs. Arterial injection of L-364,718 abolished the inhibition of intake to CCK octapeptide infusion (4 micrograms/kg/hr; from 42% p less than 0.001, to 97% of control intake), but did not ...
Foltin R W - - 1989
Food intake of four adult male baboons (Papio c. anubis) was monitored during daily experimental sessions lasting 22h. Food was available under a two-component operant schedule. Following completion of the first "procurement component" response requirement, access to food, i.e. a meal, became available under the second "consumption component" during which ...
Lindén A - - 1989
Intraperitoneal injection of 5 micrograms cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) into male rats deprived of food for 48 h produced a transient (less than 15 min) increase in plasma levels of CCK-8 but suppressed food intake for an extended period (45 min). Plasma concentrations of CCK-8 after i.p. injection of CCK-8 were ...
Silver A J - - 1989
The effects of L-364,718, a cholecystokinin receptor antagonist, on cholecystokinin octapeptide-induced inhibition of food, and its effect on food intake when given alone, were studied in mice using several different feeding paradigms. In all studies, L-364,718 (100 micrograms/kg, 1.0 mg/kg) reversed the ability of cholecystokinin octapeptide to decrease food intake. ...
Hosotani R - - 1989
The effects of L-364,718, a new CCK receptor antagonist, on food-stimulated exocrine pancreatic secretion and plasma levels of PP, insulin, CCK, and gastrin were examined in four conscious dogs with pancreatic fistulas. Intravenous injections of L-364,718 (20 nmol/kg) significantly inhibited pancreatic protein and enzyme responses by food (33% inhibition) but ...
McCann M J - - 1989
Systemic injection of the nauseogenic agent LiCl is known to increase neurohypophyseal secretion of oxytocin (OT) in rats. The present results indicated that the induced OT secretion was related exponentially to the inhibition of food intake. A similar relation between OT secretion and food intake also was observed after systemic ...
Lindén A - - 1989
The aim of this investigation was to study the release of cholecystokinin (CCK) in connection with feeding and lactation and to investigate the involvement of CCK in the regulation of food intake. For this purpose a method based on high performance liquid chromatography and subsequent radioimmunoassay (RIA) for the determination ...
Schick R R - - 1989
Systemic cholecystokinin (CCK) suppresses food intake in various species and has therefore been proposed to act as a satiety factor. Because CCK is also present in the hypothalamus and furthermore meets neurotransmitter criteria, the hypothesis was tested whether CCK participates in the transmission of satiety messages at the lateral hypothalamic ...
Fujimoto K - - 1989
Effects of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), a major component of panax ginseng, on modulation of ingestive behavior were investigated. No direct effect was observed on food intake after 10 microliters infusion of 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 or 8.0 mM Rg1 into the rat third ventricle for 10 min. Continuous osmotic infusion of ...
Geracioti T D TD - - 1989
The satiety-inducing effects of centrally and peripherally administered cholecystokinin (CCK) in experimental animals have been well documented. Recently, studies in humans showed that CCK is released into plasma following food ingestion, a phenomenon postulated to promote meal-related satiety. To explore whether abnormal CCK secretion during feeding may be related to ...
Baranyiová E - - 1989
The effect of single intraperitoneal 1 g.kg-1 doses of a solution of 20 amino acids (AA) on food intake was investigated in 20 piglets examined repeatedly between 2 and 26 days of age. The animals were reared individually from day 1 after birth in cages and bottle-fed a liquid diet ...
Scalise F W - - 1988
Cholecystokinin (CCK) radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemistry were used to localize the expression of CCK-like peptides in the gut, brain, and skin of Xenopus laevis during development from fertilization through metamorphosis to the adult form. CCK-like peptides were first detected in the gut shortly before food was first observed in the lumen ...
Bado A - - 1988
Our experimental models in this study were cats fitted with gastric fistulae. Intravenous infusion of sulfated CCK 8 and nonsulfated Boc CCK 7 inhibited both sham-feeding and feeding in fasted cats. The threshold dose (1.2 pmol/kg.hr) required for inhibition of sham-feeding was identical to that required to inhibit feeding in ...
McCann M J - - 1988
Systemic injection of the peptide hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) is known to inhibit food intake and gastric emptying, and to stimulate neurohypophyseal secretion of oxytocin (OT) in rats. Previous studies also have shown that surgical destruction of afferent fibers in the gastric vagus eliminates the inhibitory effects of CCK on food ...
Sawmiller D R - - 1988
The aim of this study is to determine the role of adenosine in postprandial hyperemia in the jejunum of anesthetized dogs. The effect of two adenosine antagonists, aminophylline and 8-phenyltheophylline, on the vascular responses to intra-arterial infusion of adenosine and luminal placement of food was determined. The effect of aminophylline ...
Smith G P - - 1988
Specific binding sites for cholecystokinin (CCK) in the gastrointestinal tract of the adult rat are limited to the gastroduodenal region and are concentrated in the circular muscle of the pyloric sphincter. To determine the relationship of these pyloric muscle binding sites to the inhibition by CCK of food intake and ...
Anil M H - - 1988
Like other mammals, ruminants can also control their food intake. One of the potential sites where feed-back signals arise is the liver. We have already shown in our previous study that intraportal administration of propionate depresses intake and that this action is dependent on an intact nerve supply to the ...
Tordoff M G - - 1988
Plasma fuels, pancreatic hormones, liver glycogen, and food and water intake were measured immediately before or during the nocturnal feeding period of rats given hepatic portal or jugular infusions of glucose, fructose, and mannitol (0.3 M x 10 ml/2 h). Compared with mock and saline control infusions, hepatic portal glucose, ...
Schick R R - - 1988
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) is known to suppress feeding in sheep, pigs, golden hamsters and rats following acute intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection. In this study, we report the effects of chronically administered i.c.v. CCK-8 on long-term food intake in rats. After baseline food intake was established over a period of 3 days, ...
Welch I M - - 1988
Food intake and feelings of hunger and fullness were monitored in paired studies carried out in two groups of six healthy non-obese male volunteers during infusion of isotonic solutions of either a 50% corn oil emulsion or saline into the jejunum or into the ileum. Infusion of the lipid emulsion ...
Silver A J - - 1988
Early satiety may play a role in the anorexia of aging. The effects of the peripheral satiety agents cholecystokinin (CCK), bombesin, glucagon, and calcitonin were studied in 8 and 25 month old mice. During normal feeding behavior, the older mice consumed more than their younger counterparts, however, when food deprived, ...
Willis G L - - 1988
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8, 5 micrograms/kg) was injected i.p. into male Sprague-Dawley rats bearing the Walker 256-carcinosarcoma, or into non-tumour bearing controls, on a 20-h food deprivation schedule. Food and water intake and body weight maintenance were monitored for 15 days after tumour implantation and compared to that of tumour-bearing animals ...
Itowi N - - 1988
In this study, we examined the effect of a putative neurotransmitter or a neuromodulator histamine (HA) on the feeding behavior to elucidate its physiological function in the central nervous system. Rats were implanted with a cannula into the suprachiasmatic nucleus through which HA was continuously infused for 200 hours with ...
Hewson G - - 1988
1. To determine the role of endogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) in the regulation of food intake, the effects of the potent CCK receptor antagonist L364,718 were investigated on the intake of a palatable diet in non-deprived rats. The effect of a single dose of proglumide was also investigated for comparative purposes. ...
Plata-Salamán C R - - 1988
A substance which suppresses food intake was isolated from human feces. This substance was extracted and partially purified using Sephacryl S-200 column chromatography and a DEAE-Sephadex A-25 column chromatography. To assess the biological activity, rats were subjected to various applications. The intraperitoneal administration and the intracerebroventricular microinfusion of this substance ...
Mardones J - - 1988
A method of mathematical treatment of data concerning changes in voluntary consumption of ethanol solution, water and solid food, induced by experimental treatments in animals, in order to recognize effects on mechanisms involved in specific appetite and satiety for calories, water and ethanol is proposed. The need of such method ...
Mehls O - - 1988
We compared growth rate, food conversion ratio and morphology of the growth zone in female Sprague-Dawley rats with subtotal nephrectomy or sham operation. Both groups were either given vehicle or 1.4 IU/day recombinant human growth hormone (GH) by s.c. osmotic minipump, or 2.5 IU twice daily intraperitoneally for 14 or ...
Niijima A - - 1988
The effects of intraportal administration of endogenous sugar acids such as 2DTA, 3DPA and 2B40 on afferent activity of the hepatic branch of the vagus nerve were investigated in the rat. A decrease in afferent discharge rate was observed after administration of 2DTA (0.1 mM approximately 10 mM, 0.1 ml) ...
Greenberg D - - 1988
If a satiating effect of endogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) is produced through a circulating hormonal mechanism, then administration of exogenous CCK into the hepatic-portal vein should decrease meal size. We report here that when doses of CCK-8 are injected intraperitoneally, they are at least four times more potent at reducing food ...
Schneider L H - - 1988
The reduction in food intake produced by exogenous CCK-8 (8 micrograms.kg-1, IP) in 18 hr food-deprived rats was significantly reversed by either of two proglumide analogues at doses of 0.44 and 4.4 microM.kg-1. The two glutamic acid derivatives tested were CR-1409 [N-(3,4-dichlorobenzoyl)-L-glutamic acid-1-di-n-pentylamide], effective at doses of 0.2 and 2.0 ...
Lindén A - - 1987
Male rats deprived of food for 48 h ignored food pellets immediately after ejaculating with a sexually receptive female rat as did males tested 5 min after i.p. injection of 5 micrograms cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) or males which had consumed food pellets for 1 h. The concentration of CCK-8 in ...
Rusby A A - - 1987
1. Adolescent cockerels of a laying strain were prepared with catheters whose tip lay in the hepatic portal vein, to study the effect of 3-h infusions of nutrients on food intake. 2. Lysine, infused into the hepatic portal vein at rates of 150-450 mg/3 h reduced 3-h food intake by ...
Strohmayer A J - - 1987
Male and female ob/ob and +/+ mice were tested with CCK-8 (1, 2, 4 and 8 micrograms/kg) administered 15 min prior to 30-min access to solid food after 17.5 hr food deprivation and 15 min prior to 30-min access to water after 17.5 hr water deprivation. The threshold dose for ...
Inui A - - 1987
Intra-third cerebroventricularly administered cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) decreased food intake through central mechanisms in the dog. Proglumide, administered intravenously, did enter into cerebrospinal (ventricular) fluid, and partially, but significantly, reversed this effect. CR1409, one of the newly synthesized glutaramic derivatives, blocked CCK-8-induced satiety more strongly than proglumide. These results indicate that ...
Shillabeer G - - 1987
To determine whether exogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) and endogenous CCK evoke different gastrointestinal motor responses, we investigated the motility induced by CCK by use of standard manometric methods. Injection (ip) of 500 ng/kg CCK caused immediate profound gastric inhibition and duodenal phasic excitation that did not resemble the postprandial pattern. Similar ...
Rusby A A - - 1987
Cockerels of a laying strain were prepared at 16 weeks of age with catheters whose tip lay in the hepatic portal vein, to study the effect of 3-h infusions of nutrients into the liver on food intake. L-Lysine (300 mg) and D-glucose (1.26 mg) reduced food intake by up to ...
Sakatani N - - 1987
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8, 1, 190 pmol/5 min) decreased food intake and water consumption in two models of ingestive behavior, i.e., food deprivation-induced feeding and insulin-induced feeding, when administered into the third (3V) and lateral (LV) cerebral ventricles. In fasted dogs, the suppression of food intake was more prominent after 3V ...
Greenberg D - - 1987
If the putative satiating effect of endogenous cholecystokinin (CCK) is produced through a circulating hormonal mechanism, then administration of exogenous CCK into the hepatic-portal vein should decrease meal size. To test this, one form of endogenous CCK, the C-terminal octapeptide CCK-8, was infused intraportally in doses of 4 and 8 ...
Gregory P C - - 1987
1. The influence of gastrointestinal infusions of fat on short-term and 24 h control of food intake were studied in twenty-four pigs fed twice per day and seventeen fed three times per day. The pigs were fitted with up to four catheters placed in the stomach, the duodenum, and at ...
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