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Results 201 - 250 of 898
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Nakata Haruhiko - - 2007
Bioaccumulation of synthetic musks in a marine food chain was investigated by analyzing marine organisms at various trophic levels, including lugworm, clam, crustacean, fish, marine mammal, and bird samples collected from tidal flat and shallow water areas of the Ariake Sea, Japan. Two of the polycyclic musks, HHCB and AHTN, ...
Mochida Yoji - - 2007
The accumulation of persistent lipophilic organic pollutants like dioxins and PCBs in human body is of great concern since many of these compounds may elicit adverse health effects on humans. To reduce dioxins and PCBs with long half-lives that are absorbed into the human body, we need to work actively ...
Blanco Sonia Lucía - - 2007
The human population is exposed to dioxins (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) mainly through diet; bioaccumulation and biomagnification in aquatic environment results in fishery products and by-products being an important vector to humans. The determination of PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs in fillets of young turbots (Psetta maxima) (0-2 years) from ...
Kiljunen Mikko - - 2007
This study examines the extent to which Finnish human dietary intake of organochlorines (PCDD/Fs and PCBs) originating from Northern Baltic herring can be influenced by fisheries management. This was investigated by estimation of human intake using versatile modeling tools (e.g., a herring population model and a bioenergetics model). We used ...
Rowe Amy A - - 2007
Indirect atmospheric deposition of PCBs was examined in subwatersheds of the Delaware River Estuary. Tributary PCB loads and atmospheric PCB concentrations were used to understand the pass-through efficiencies for nine rivers/ creeks for which PCB inputs appeared to be dominated by atmospheric deposition. The pass-through efficiency, E, was calculated from ...
Lynn Scott G - - 2007
The objective of this study was to examine the importance of nutrient status of a diatom (Stephanodiscus minutulus) to the uptake of PCB congener #54 (2,2',6,6'-tetrachlorobiphenyl) and the subsequent transfer of PCB to a pelagic grazing zooplankton (Daphnia pulicaria). The algae, which were grown under different nutrient treatments, were then ...
Haglund P - - 2007
This paper describes a new shape-selective, pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) procedure for extracting polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and PCBs from food and feed samples with an integrated carbon fractionation step. Initially this was done using specially designed inserts for 34-mL cells, but subsequently, large solid cells (66 mL) were ...
Antunes Paulo - - 2007
Thirty three PCB congeners were analyzed in three size classes of seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), from a semi-intensive fish farm, in food and in abiotic compartment. Water and suspended particulated matter (SPM) showed higher concentrations of lower chlorinated PCBs, whereas fish tissues and food showed higher concentrations of CB153 and CB138. ...
von der Recke Roland - - 2007
The unknown compound UBC-1 previously described as the major organobromine contamination in the blubber extract of a hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) from the Barents Sea was identified as 2,3-dibromopropyl-2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (DPTE). DPTE, which is the main component of the brominated flame retardant (BFR) Bromkal 73-5 PE, was synthesized by electrophilic ...
Ferrante Maria Carmela - - 2007
Seven target polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; IUPAC nos. 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, and 180) and the organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its related metabolites (p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, and p,p'-DDD) were quantified in edible tissues from seven marine species (European hake, red mullet, blue whiting, Atlantic mackerel, ...
Salgovicová D - - 2007
The aim of this paper has been to assess the exposure of the Slovak Republic population to polychlorinated biphenyls from food within 1994-2004. A total of 61167 samples of food of animal origin, including fats, were analyzed for the content of six PCB congeners (the sum of: PCB-28, PCB-52, PCB-101, ...
Bakker M
The report presents a survey of the most recent (1998/1999) information on the occurrence of indicator-PCBs in foodstuffs in the Netherlands. The data on occurrence collected during measurement programmes on occurrence were combined with food consumption data to assess the dietary intake of the seven indicator-PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls, congeners 28, ...
Hoogerbrugge R
The exposure to dioxins (including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls) occurs predominantly via the intake of food. The main contribution to the total intake originates from the consumption of animal fat. Nevertheless, vegetables were estimated to contribute 13 % to the total dietary intake, although the uncertainty in ...
Fromme H - - 2007
The Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey (INES) was started in the year 2005. Altogether 50 healthy adults living in Bavaria, Germany, were included into the study. Monitoring was conducted in accordance with relevant routes of human exposure (inhalation, ingestion) and integrated different pathways (indoor air, food, house dust). This approach consisted ...
Bake Marite A - - 2007
According to the National Implementation Plan on persistent organic pollutants (POP) for the years 2004-2020 the situation on POP was actualised in Latvia. The aim of the study was to assess the contamination of breast milk with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDF) and some pesticides. Breast feeding mothers ...
Malisch Rainer - - 2007
Milk and milk products have shown to be good indicator samples for the contamination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) along the food chain. To gather information on whether exposure to dioxins and PCBs might cause a problem in countries about to join the European Union in 2004 or later, a ...
Johnson Lyndal L - - 2007
Although chemical contaminants are recognized as a potential factor contributing to the salmon declines in the Pacific Northwest, United States, information on contaminant concentrations in threatened and endangered salmon from the Columbia Estuary is limited. In this study we monitored exposure to several persistent organic pollutants [polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), ...
Wang Hou Chuan - - 2007
The PCDD/F concentrations and removal efficiencies achieved with air pollution control devices (APCDs) during different operating periods (start-up, normal operation, and shut-down) at an existing municipal waste incinerator (MWI) in Taiwan are evaluated via stack sampling and analysis. The MWI investigated is equipped with electrostatic precipitators (EP), wet scrubbers (WS), ...
Mato Yukie - - 2007
PCDDs, PCDFs, and dioxin like PCBs (dioxin) surveillance results derived from regular environmental monitoring as well as other dioxin surveys by national and local governmental bodies in Japan were collected and analyzed. Several thousand data for air and soil in fiscal year 2001 (from 01/04/2001 to 31/03/2002) and 2002, water ...
Tsutsumi Tomoaki - - 2007
We examined the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) in muscle and gut tissues from Japanese common squid and saury. These body parts are often eaten in Japan, so it is important to measure their dioxin concentrations and evaluate the risks to ...
Li Jing-Guang - - 2007
Four food groups of animal origin from the Chinese Total Diet Study (TDS) in 2000 were analysed for 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The samples were from four regions, covering 12 provinces of China. PCDD/Fs, expressed as WHO toxic equivalents (TEQ), ranged from ...
Wong Charles S - - 2007
Enantiomer fractions (EFs) of seven chiral polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in dated sediment cores of Lake Hartwell (SC, USA) and Lake Ontario (USA) to detect, quantify, and gain insight regarding microbial reductive dechlorination of PCBs in lake sediments with high and low concentrations, respectively. Lake Hartwell sediments had high ...
Oh Seung Min - - 2007
Di-ortho PCB congeners 52, 138, 153 and 180, and the mono-ortho coplanar congener 118 have been detected as a complex mixture in human tissue in Korea. This study examined the antiestrogenic effects of samples exposed to single or combination treatment of the ortho-PCB congeners. In order to determined the combined ...
Domingo José L - - 2007
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and biphenyls (PCBs) are lipophilic organic compounds whose origin comes from many different sources. PCDD/Fs and PCBs are ubiquitous and persistent environmental pollutants with a well known potential toxicity, which were included at the 1998 UN-EC POP protocol. Although human exposure to PCDD/Fs and PCBs ...
Ingelido Anna Maria - - 2007
The levels of selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were measured in human milk samples from the areas of Venice and Rome, primarily in order to characterize the current levels of infant exposure to PCBs and PBDEs due to breast feeding in Italy. Sixteen non-dioxin-like PCBs, including ...
Haukås Marianne - - 2007
The present study reports concentrations and biomagnification potential of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) in species from the Barents Sea food web. The examined species included sea ice amphipod (Gammarus wilkitzkii), polar cod (Boreogadus saida), black guillemot (Cepphus grylle) and glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus). These were analyzed for PFAS, ...
Lorber Matthew - - 2007
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) has completed a survey of dioxin-like compounds (including 17 dioxin and furan (CDD/F) congeners and 12 coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) congeners) in dairy feeds from 10 dairy research facilities around the United States, sampling the overall mixtures and the major and minor feed ...
Jiang Qinting - - 2007
This study determined the concentrations of organochlorine contaminants in common seafood in two Chinese coastal cities (Guangzhou and Zhoushan), and assessed the health risk due to the daily consumption of contaminated seafood. Twenty-six pooled samples, belonging to five food categories (fish, bivalves, shrimp, crab, and cephalopods), were purchased from local ...
Malisch Rainer - - 2007
Thirty one egg samples of peregrine falcons were collected in different regions of Germany (South-West, North and East) and analysed for PCDD/Fs, PCBs and marker PCBs. Altogether, 37 PCB congeners were determined, allowing a more detailed discussion of different aspects of the relative importance of these individual congeners. For comparison ...
Cerná Milena - - 2007
In 2003, concentrations of altogether 17 PCDD/Fs congeners and 12 non-ortho and mono-ortho dioxin-like PCBs were measured in the blood of 60 randomly selected adults who lived in three settlements surrounding a chemical plant that had been producing chlorinated herbicides (mainly HCHs, HCB, pentachlorophenole, 2,4,5-T) in the 1960's; subjects consuming ...
de Souza Pereira Márcia - - 2007
Monitoring of immission of persistent organic pollutants in the industrialized area of Volta Redonda (V.R.) and in the National Park of Itatiaia (PNI) in southeast Brazil was performed using an endemic Bromeliad species as biomonitor and measuring total deposition rates on funnels covered with polyurethane foams. Samples were collected during ...
Gies Andreas - - 2007
Human health risk assessments for dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs (with the exception of the one by US-EPA) recommend health based exposure limits within the range of 1-4 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw per day. As all humans are exposed to measurable levels of dioxins and related substances, the determination of the tolerated ...
Karl H - - 2007
The contaminant levels of dioxins, dioxin-like PCBs and a range of chloroorganic compounds have been determined in relation to various fishing grounds of the Baltic Sea. Sampling covered an area from the Skagerrak to the coast of Latvia. The data are compared with herring from fishing grounds in the North ...
de Azevedo e Silva Claudio Eduardo - - 2007
The polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and DDT may bioaccumulate in the aquatic food web and have been of great concern due to their toxic effects on wildlife and human health. There is evidence showing that fish in the human diet contributes at a significant proportion to the total intake of PCBs ...
Bodin N - - 2007
The contamination and distribution of organochlorinated compounds were considered in three crustacean species (edible crab, Cancer pagurus; spider crab, Maja brachydactyla; velvet swimming crab, Necora puber) from five sites along the coasts of Brittany and Normandy (Western and North-Western France). PCBs (16 single congeners), pp'-DDE and HCB were measured in ...
Ferrario Joseph - - 2007
Processed ball clays commonly used by the ceramic art industry in the United States were collected from retail suppliers and analyzed for the presence and concentration of the 2,3,7,8-Cl substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs). The average PCDD toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations of these processed ball clays was approximately 800 ...
Voorspoels Stefan - - 2007
Eight polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) congeners (IUPAC nos. 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, 183, and 209) were measured in passerines (great tits--Parus major), wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), and bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus). These data were combined with previously obtained data on PBDEs in common buzzards (Buteo buteo), sparrowhawks (Accipiter ...
Ikonomou M G - - 2007
This study compared the flesh quality of farmed and wild sources of British Columbia (BC) salmon with respect to concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyl compounds, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/dibenzofurans and their associated toxic equivalents, total mercury (THg), methylmercury (MeHg), and selected fatty acids of known importance for human health viz., omega-3 (n-3) highly ...
Langer Pavel - - 2007
In a certain area of Michalovce district in East Slovakia, heavy industrial pollution by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) developed in 1955-1984 and very high PCB levels in environmental and human samples are still persisting. Recently, a total of 2045 adults from this and the surrounding background pollution area have been examined ...
Kim Dong Gi - - 2007
We started the monitoring for PCDD/Fs in ambient air and soil in August 2001, and co-PCBs in January 2002. Decreasing of PCDD/Fs and co-PCBs levels in ambient air were observed. The higher PCDD/Fs levels were found in winter and lower in autumn. We found that the industrial incinerators influenced the ...
Hsu Ming-Sheng - - 2007
Concentrations of 17 dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) were measured in total diet study samples of 14 food groups of animal origin from 11 locations in Taiwan, collected in 2003. Pork meat possessed the lowest background concentration level of 0.058 pg WHO-TEQ(PCDD/Fs+dl-PCBs)/g fresh weight. The dl-PCBs contribution ...
Debacker Noëmi - - 2007
We evaluated the impact of the 1999 Belgian dioxin incident on the blood plasma polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD) and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) levels among 232 Belgian blood donors (74% men, mean age 47 years). The Red Cross made plasma samples from before the incident of these donors available. A second plasma ...
Zennegg Markus - - 2007
Dated sediment cores provide an excellent way to investigate the historical input of persistent organic pollutants into the environment and to identify possible sources of pollution. The vertical distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) was investigated in a sediment core from Greifensee to elucidate the historical ...
Berntssen Marc H G - - 2007
Assimilation and elimination rate constant of dietary polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DLPCBs) with a World Health Organization toxic equivalency factor (WHO-TEF) were estimated in market-size Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) using fish that were previously fed vegetable oil-based (low in PCDD/Fs and DLPCBs) or fish oil-based ...
Yan Jian-hua - - 2007
PCDD/Fs have been become a serious issue because of their toxicological effects and associated adverse health implications. In this study, the gliding arc plasma was tested for treatment of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), which was synthesized from pentachlorophenol in atmospheric condition at 350 degrees C with or ...
Park June-Soo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our aim in the present study was to characterize and quantify the levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and specific polychlorobiphenylol (OH-PCB) metabolites in maternal sera from women delivering in eastern Slovakia. DESIGN: During 2002-2004, blood samples were collected from women delivering in two Slovak locations: Michalovce district, where PCBs ...
Sioen I - - 2007
Dietary intake of long chain omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs) in developed countries is low compared to recommendations. Seafood is naturally rich in LC n-3 PUFAs, vitamin D, and iodine, but is also a dietary source of heavy metals and organic pollutants. This study investigated the current intake ...
Gómara B - - 2006
Concentrations of 15 BDEs flame retardants have been determined in a large variety of food samples purchased in different markets across Spain. This is the first time that BDEs 184, 191, 196, and 197; impurities from BDEs formulations; and/or degradation products of BDE 209, have been detected in foodstuffs. Values ...
Habauzit Denis - - 2007
Novel cancer treatments, prevention of postmenopausal disorder, and prescription of oral contraceptives are the main developments in the design of synthetic estrogenic medication. The increasing consumption of these synthetic pharmaceuticals, in addition to human and animal natural estrogenic compound excretion, contribute to their environmental dissemination worldwide. Their assimilation as a ...
Hazrati Sadegh - - 2006
Airborne concentrations of PCBs and PBDEs were measured in offices, homes, public environments, and cars. Variations in concentrations between different rooms in the same domestic and office buildings, showed some intra-building variability for both compound groups. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis revealed no clear and consistent relationships between log-normalized concentrations ...
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