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Results 551 - 600 of 898
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Chen Hsiu-Ling - - 2003
The study was conducted to correlate the consumption frequency of different food groups (milk, eggs, fish, and others) and the levels of serum polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) concentrations of residents living near a municipal waste incinerator. All selected subjects were between 18 and 65 years old and proportionally chosen ...
Gill Christopher E - - 2003
Food supply and contaminants were investigated as possible causes of low bald eagle productivity near a bleached kraft pulp and paper mill at Crofton on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Over a seven year period, 1992-1998, average productivity of five eagle territories situated south of the pulp mill at Crofton was ...
Oh J R - - 2003
Various mussel and oyster samples and select top sediment samples were taken over 27 industrial and pristine coastal sites form South Korea's west, south, and east coasts. Site-specific total PCB, PCDD/F, and organochlorine TEQ levels in biota were 1-306 ng/g ww, 3-9,400 pg/g ww, and 0.3-200 pg/g ww, respectively. Temporal ...
Costabeber I - - 2003
The levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in adipose tissue samples from the mammary glands of 123 women living in Cordoba (Spain) were evaluated. The influence of alimentary habits, age and previous and present occupation on the tissue levels of PCBs were also investigated. The compound found at the highest concentration ...
Soechitram S D - - 2003
The adverse effects of dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) on human health are of increasing concern. These lipophilic compounds are concentrated through the food chain and are present in human milk. This study compares PCB levels in human milk samples from Hong Kong and Dutch mothers. Ten breast milk samples ...
Langer P - - 2003
The objective is to describe the effect of mandatory and well monitored prophylaxis of endemic goitre in Slovakia with the use of iodised salt for past 50 years and previous experimental attempts to assess a possible participation of naturally occurring goitrogens in the etiology of goitre. Previous observations by others ...
Yamaguchi N - - 2003
Aquatic environmental contamination levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and heavy metals in the Upper Thames catchment area, UK were assessed on the basis of fish muscle analysis in wet weight, and their effects on top predators were assessed. The contamination levels of lead, cadmium, dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) and ...
Harris M L - - 2003
Over the period 1977-2000, eggs of Pacific great blue heron (Ardea herodias fannini) were collected from 23 colonies along the southern coast of British Columbia, Canada, and analyzed for persistent organochlorine (OC) pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Concentrations of OC pesticides in eggs declined sharply in the late 1970s, after ...
Maruyama Wakae - - 2002
In risk evaluation of dioxins, monitoring chemical concentrations in human tissues is an important step, and these concentration data can be utilized along with animal toxicity data for extrapolation of human manifestation. However large differences in dioxin concentrations usually exist even among individuals who have never been accidentally exposed to ...
Schecter Arnold - - 2002
This is the first known study of dioxins, dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in commercial American bottled baby foods purchased in the United States. Dioxins, persistent chlorinated organics, are inadvertent by-products of chemical synthesis or combustion and are toxic to humans and other animals. Almost all dioxins enter the body ...
Le Boeuf Burney J - - 2002
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that have been banned in most countries, but considerable amounts continue to cycle the ecosphere. Top trophic level predators, like sea birds and marine mammals, bioaccumulate these lipophilic compounds, reflecting their presence in the environment. We measured concentrations of tDDT ...
Schmid Peter - - 2002
Between 1997 and 1999, several cases of dioxin contaminations in foodstuffs of animal origin occurred in Europe due to feed contaminated by several independent sources: citrus pulp pellets, fat containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), and kaolinitic clay as anti-caking agent in feedingstuffs. As a consequence of the latter, a survey on ...
López Francisco E - - 2002
We evaluated the levels of aluminum in a total of 120 samples of 35 different convenience and fast foods that are widely consumed in Spain. Aluminum was determined in the samples mineralized with HNO3, HClO4 and V2O5, using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry as the analytical technique. Reliability of the procedure ...
Carroll Jolynn - - 2002
Seals are high trophic level feeders that bioaccumulate many contaminants to a greater degree than most lower trophic level organisms. Their trophic status in the marine food web and wide-spread distribution make seals useful sentinels of arctic environmental change. The purpose of this investigation is to document the levels and ...
Falandysz Jerzy - - 2002
The concentration, pattern, bioaccumulation and biomagnification features of many chlorobiphenyl congeners including non- and mono-ortho chlorine substituted members have been determined in a pelagic food chain including mixed phyto- and zooplankton, herring (Clupea harengus), harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) and black cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) collected from the southern part of ...
Ter Schure Arnout F H - - 2002
The flame retardant polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have become ubiquitous environmental pollutants. The environmental distribution of PBDEs is much less studied than that of the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). To compare the environmental fate of the PCBs with their partial substitute, the PBDEs, common frogs (Rana temporaria)were collected along a approximately ...
Van Larebeke N - - 2002
The core paper of this debate shows that persistent organic pollutant residues of the 12 chemicals targeted for a phase out under the Stockholm Convention are present in almost all categories of food in the US food supply. For dioxins, the study does not use measured data, but is based ...
Mandalakis Manolis - - 2002
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in fine particles (PM25, particles smaller than 2.5 microm in diameter) collected in two urban areas of Chile, Santiago and Temuco, during August and October 1998. A diffusion denuder sampling system was used for the collection of 19 samples. The concentrations of total PCBs (47 ...
Bates Michael N - - 2002
In this study, the authors investigated whether measures taken to reduce exposures subsequent to 1988 led to detectable reductions in levels of persistent organochlorine compounds in milk samples of New Zealand women collected in 1998-1999. The procedures and selection criteria used in a 1987-1988 study were replicated. Participants (n = ...
Ikonomou M G - - 2002
Congener specific polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) data from the stack gas of nine Korean municipal waste incinerators was used to determine characteristic congener patterns of emitted PCBs. Principal component analysis revealed three classes of incinerators according to their pattern of PCB congener emissions: those resembling the background sampling material; those producing ...
Boon Jan P - - 2002
The levels of individual PBDE congeners were investigated in the invertebrate species whelk (Buccinum undatum), seastar (Asterias rubens), and hermit crab (Pagurus bernhardus), the gadoid fish species whiting (Merlangius merlangus) and cod (Gadus morhua), and the marine mammal species harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) and harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). These species ...
Amakura Yoshiaki - - 2002
Two typical cleanup methods, sulfuric acid treatment and multi-layer silica gel column chromatography, for the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) in seventeen food samples were examined and compared. Vegetables, fruits, cereals, fish, meat and dairy foods were extracted by conventional methods (shaking ...
Kajiwara Natsuko - - 2002
Organochlorine compounds (OCs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), chlordane related compounds, hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), tris(4-chlorophenyl) methane (TCPMe) and tris(4-chlorophenyl) methanol were determined in the blubber of Dall's porpoises (Phocoenoides dalli) collected from Japanese coastal waters in 1998/1999. Among OCs analyzed, PCBs were the ...
Sudaryanto Agus - - 2002
Butyltin compounds (BTs) including mono-, di-, and tributyltin and total tin (sigmaSn), were determined in green mussels (Perna viridis) from various Asian developing countries, such as Cambodia, China (Hong Kong and southern China), Malaysia, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam, to elucidate the contamination status, distribution, and possible sources and ...
Saegerman C - - 2002
The methodology used to detect a polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB)/dioxin contamination in a Belgian cattle population that was not exposed to the PCB/dioxin incident in 1999 is presented. This population is directly or indirectly destined for human consumption. The methodology consisted in the systematic sampling of all calf-fattening stations and groups ...
Osako Masahiro - - 2002
A field investigation by boring was carried out in a landfill site primarily with municipal solid waste incineration residue. From the collected core samples, vertical profiles of homologous content of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) in the landfill layer were traced and the behavior of PCDDs/PCDFs was examined. In ...
Covaci Adrian - - 2002
In 1999, the FLEHS was set by the Flemish Ministry of Health, Belgium to assess pollutant concentrations and related health effect biomarkers in humans living in Flanders. Concentrations of selected organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) and furans (PCDF) were measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and Chemical-Activated ...
Bernard A - - 2002
The Belgian PCB/dioxin incident is a food contamination that occurred in Belgium in January 1999 when a tank of recycled fats used to produce animal feeds was accidentally contaminated by approximately 100 L of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) oil containing 50 kg PCBs expressed as the sum of the seven markers, ...
Corsolini Simonetta - - 2002
Here we report accumulation patterns of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and pesticides (HCB, p,p'DDE) in polar organisms (polar bear from Alaskan Arctic and krill, sharp-spined notothen, crocodile icefish, Antarctic silverfish, Adélie penguin, South polar skua, and Weddell seal from the Ross Sea, ...
Falandysz J - - 2002
Concentrations and composition profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were investigated in composite samples of 10 species of edible fish from the Gulf of GdaƄsk, in the southern part of the Baltic Sea, Poland, to understand the status of contamination and possible human exposure risk. Apart from the total PCBs, planar ...
Alkhatib E - - 2002
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) released by bottom sediments were determined by experiments in which the sediments were artificially resuspended using sediment contaminated with PCBs in a particle entrainment simulator (PES). Sediment cores, spiked with PCBs, were collected from the Housatonic River in Connecticut and run in the PES at simulated shear ...
Smith G C - - 2002
Dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs are given toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) in order to calculate the combined toxic equivalence (TEQ) of these contaminants in a sample of food. This study calculates the probability of an average consumer exceeding the recommended tolerable daily intake of 1-4 pg WHO-TEQ kg(-1) bw day(-1) as ...
Vrijens B - - 2002
The objective was to perform a dioxin body burden estimate based on a probabilistic intake assessment of PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs because of the so-called 1999 'Belgian dioxin incident'. Monte Carlo simulation techniques were used to combine detailed 7-day food intake data on the individual level from a sample ...
Tam N F Y - - 2002
The concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in surface sediments of ten mangrove sites in Hong Kong were determined by Congener-specific and Arcolor methods. Spatial variations were found between mangrove sites and within the same site, indicating that the sediment samples were heterogeneous and total PCBs concentrations in mangrove sediments should ...
Kim Yongjin - - 2002
The presence of PCDDs/DFs, PCBs and PAHs in the adsorbed or dissolved phases (depending on the leachate treatment process) was investigated in two landfills in Japan (Landfill M and Landfill N). The results of the investigations showed that, in general, persistent organic pollutants (POPs) having high Kow such as PCDDs/DFs ...
Yunker Mark B - - 2002
Mill process changes and source controls instituted in the late 1980s at pulp and paper mills along the British Columbia (BC) coast produced dramatic reductions in both the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and the TEQ (2,3,7,8-TCDD toxic equivalents). Nevertheless, questions remained as to whether the sediments were ...
Alcock Ruth E - - 2002
Gannet (Sula bassana) eggs collected from Ailsa Craig, Western Scotland between 1977-1998 have been analyzed retrospectively for several PCB congeners. Concentrations of a range of congeners were determined in 8-10 eggs analyzed separately for several individual years. All congeners declined in concentrations throughout the time period, but the rates of ...
Isosaari Pirjo - - 2002
Concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), dibenzofurans (PCDF) and biphenyls (PCB) were analysed from a sediment core, which had been sampled from a remote lake in Finland. The deepest subsamples were analysed from a depth of 4.0 m, and were more than 8000 years old. At the surface of the sediment ...
Weber Roland - - 2002
The reduction of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) emissions to the environment are contemporary issues of global efforts, and possible destruction technologies have to be selected and evaluated for PCB remediation. In this study PCB destruction in subcritical and supercritical water were assessed under oxidative conditions and nonoxidative, alkaline conditions. In both ...
Kunisue Tatsuya - - 2002
Concentrations of persistent organochlorines (OCs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), DDT and its metabolites (DDTs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), and chlordane compounds (CHLs) were determined in whole body soft tissue homogenates and in muscles of resident and migratory birds collected from Lake Baikal, Russia. The residue pattern in both resident and ...
Jacobs Miriam - - 2002
Farmed and wild Scottish Atlantic salmon were obtained from retail suppliers, producers, and Stirling University in Scotland during January, 1999, for determination of 17 2,3,7,8-C1-substituted PCDDs and PCDFs, and seven nonortho- and mono-ortho-PCBs. The study confirms previous reports of relatively high concentrations of PCDDs, PCDFs and, especially, PCBs in farmed ...
Lindström G - - 2002
It was the primary objective of the present study to elucidate, from a chemical analytical point of view, the comparability of dioxin determinations and the consequences concerning the data on levels in food reported world-wide. To do so, an international intercalibration study on the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans ...
Kim Seung Kyu - - 2002
The trophic transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was characterized for zooplankton (primarily Paracalanus spp. and Acartia spp.), pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), shore crab (Hemigrapsus penicillatus), and goby (Acanthogobius hasta) in the aquatic system of Incheon North Harbor, Korea. The congener pattern in the species was clearly divided by the main ...
Sakamoto Kentaro Q - - 2002
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including coplanar congeners, hexachlorocyclohexane isomers, chlordane-related compounds, and hexachlorobenzene, were found in the breast muscle of Steller's sea eagles (SSE) and white-tailed sea eagles (WSE) threatened species, collected in Hokkaido, Japan, during the two years from 1998 to 1999. Both PCBs and DDTs were the most notable ...
Ma Hwong-Wen - - 2002
The objective of this study was to assess site-specific carcinogenic risks of incinerator-emitted dioxins and risk transfers among the areas covered by nine municipal incinerators in Taiwan. We used actual emission data and the industrial source complex short-term model (ISCST3) to determine the dioxin impact areas within the 8 x ...
Bielefeldt Angela R - - 2002
At airports around the world, propylene glycol (PG) based fluids are used to de-ice aircraft for safe operation. PG removal was investigated in 15-cm deep saturated sand columns. Greater than 99% PG biodegradation was achieved for all flow rates and loading conditions tested, which decreased the hydraulic conductivity of the ...
Sagerup Kjetil - - 2002
Biomagnification contributes to high concentrations of persistent organochlorines (OC) in some Arctic vertebrates. Glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) on Bjørnøya in the western Barents Sea were studied to compare the intraspecific variation in OC concentration with variation in trophic feeding levels, estimated from ratios of nitrogen isotopes. Liver tissue samples from ...
Covaci Adrian - - 2002
A food contamination incident involving polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and PCDD/Fs occurred in 1999 in Belgium. On heavily affected farms, concentrations of PCBs in chicken or pork fat exceeded the Belgium tolerance limit of 200 ng/g lipid weight for the sum of seven marker PCBs. Analysis of contaminated samples showed that the ...
Dyke P H - - 2002
The changes recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to the toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) and the recommendation to extend both the TEF scheme and the tolerable daily intake (TDI) to include "dioxin-like" PCB congeners have significant implications for regulators who have relied ...
Schecter A - - 2002
The presence of dioxins, dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in human tissue, food, and environmental samples from Russia has been monitored since 1988 as part of a research collaboration between a number of countries including Finland, the United States, Germany, the former Soviet Union, and Canada. Although elevated TCDD and ...
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