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Van Oostdam J C - - 2004
During the past 20 years a number of studies have found neurological and immunological effects in the developing fetus and infants exposed to background or only slightly elevated levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). To address concerns arising from possible increased human exposure in the ...
Kiviranta Hannu - - 2004
We have measured the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD/F), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in 10 market baskets consisting of almost 4000 individual food samples representing 228 different food items, and also in the total diet basket. Lower bound concentrations of PCDD/Fs ranged between 0.0057 and 5.6 ...
Schroijen Carmen - - 2004
The reporter gene expression method CALUX has proven to be a very valuable screening technique for assessing toxic equivalents of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, because it detects all AhR ligands in a variety of sample matrices. However, the exact meaning of the CALUX response is difficult to evaluate for complex ...
Fernandes Alwyn - - 2004
Established and comprehensively validated methodology for the analysis of PCDDs, PCDFs and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in food, animal feed and other matrices is presented. The method achieves the analytical standards of EU protocols (2002/69/EC and 2002/70/EC) that are used to determine the compliance of food and animal feed to maximum ...
Becher Georg - - 2004
Interlaboratory comparsion exercises on the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in three natural foodstuffs have been performed annually since 2000 by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. Up to 77 laboratories from 24 countries world-wide have reported results. The data have been statistically ...
Van Overmeire Ilse - - 2004
Analyses of dioxins in food have become increasingly important since the European Commission has enforced maximal toxic equivalent concentration (TEQ) levels in various food and feed products. Screening methodologies are usually used to exempt those samples that are below the maximum permitted limit and that can, therefore, be released to ...
Mateo Rafael - - 2004
We have studied the breeding parameters, organochlorine compounds (OCs) concentrations, and fatty acid (FA) composition of egg yolks (n = 47) and plasma (n = 90) of common terns (Sterna hirundo) from two colonies (Banya and Fangar) in the Ebro delta, NE Spain. Terns from Banya tend to have smaller ...
Kot-Wasik Agata - - 2004
This paper presents an overview of changes in organic pollution of coastal waters of the Gulf of Gdańsk (Baltic Sea). Toxic pollutants including volatile organic compounds (VOC), volatile organohalogen compounds (VOX), chlorophenols, phenoxyacids, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in seawater from the Gulf of Gdańsk ...
Tajimi M - - 2004
AIM: To observe the distribution of PCDD/Fs and Co-PCBs in samples of human breast milk collected in Japan. METHODS: Using high-resolution gas chromatography, milk samples for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs; 14 congeners), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs; 15 congeners) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (Co-PCBs; 12 congeners) from 240 mothers residing in Tokyo were ...
Kajiwara Natsuko - - 2004
The present study clearly indicated possible prolonged and chronic marine pollution by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) unless the international regulatory measures are reinforced substantially. Fat tissues of female northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus), collected at 10 time periods between 1972 and 1998 from the Pacific coast of northern Japan, were ...
Butt Craig M - - 2004
The September 11th World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks resulted in the large-scale release of contaminants that were deposited on the environment of New York City (NYC). Six weeks after the attacks, samples of an organic film on window surfaces were collected and analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), polychlorinated ...
Hanari N - - 2004
Invasion of zebra mussels, Dreissena polymorpha, and round gobies, Neogobius melanostomus, into the Great Lakes has altered the food web structure and thereby the pathways of toxic contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs). In this study, concentrations of PCNs and PCBs were measured in organisms of ...
Buckman Andrea H - - 2004
Accumulation and depuration parameters of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in fish have been reported only for a few congeners. As well, there is little information on the ability of fish to biotransform PCBs. To address these issues, juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to dietary concentrations of three Aroclor mixtures ...
Herrick Robert F - - 2004
An investigation of 24 buildings in the Greater Boston Area revealed that one-third (8 of 24) contained caulking materials with polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) content exceeding 50 ppm by weight, which is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) specified limit above which this material is considered to be PCB bulk ...
Butcher Jonathan B - - 2004
The upper Hudson River (NY) was subjected to massive PCB contamination over a period of three decades. A large inventory of PCBs remains in contaminated sediments of the river, most notably in the Thompson Island Pool. During the summer, flow crossing the Thompson Island Pool exhibits a large and consistent ...
Baars A J - - 2004
Data on occurrence of dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins [PCDDs] and dibenzofurans [PCDFs]), dioxin-like PCBs (polychlorinated non-ortho and mono-ortho biphenyls) and non-dioxin-like PCBs (as represented by the so-called indicator-PCBs: congeners 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153 and 180) in food products consumed in The Netherlands that were collected in measurement programs carried ...
Debier Cathy - - 2004
Bioaccumulating pollutants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) induce a range of adverse effects in mammals. Vitamin A metabolism is prone to such pollutant disruption which may be particularly harmful for young animals. During lactation, maternal PCBs are transferred to the offspring through the milk. Seal milk is very fatty and ...
Pizzigallo Maria D R - - 2004
The purpose of this work is to evaluate the catalytic efficiency of two metal oxides, ferrihydrite and birnessite and of a ferruginous smectite, towards organic molecules such as 4-chloroaniline (4-CA), pentachlorophenol (PCP), and five polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) characterised by different number and position of chlorine atoms. Mechanochemical dry contacts with ...
Lebeuf Michel - - 2004
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in blubber samples of 54 stranded adult beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) collected between 1988 and 1999 in the St. Lawrence Estuary (SLE), Quebec, Canada. Summed concentrations of 10 PBDE congeners (sigmaPBDEs) measured in beluga samples varied between 20 and almost 1000 ng/g wet weight. ...
Mandalakis Manolis - - 2004
The concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in rain samples collected from a semiurban and a marine background site of the eastern Mediterranean. The concentration of sigmaPCB (sum of 54 PCB congeners) in the city of Heraklion (2.9 +/- 1.9 ng L(-1)) was not significantly higher than the corresponding ...
Minh Nguyen Hung - - 2004
Despite the ban on persistent organochlorines (OCs) in most of the developed nations, their usage continued until recently in many Asian developing countries including Vietnam, for agricultural purposes and vector-borne disease eradication programs. In this study, we collected human breast milk samples from the two big cities in Vietnam: Hanoi ...
Sobek Anna - - 2004
Surface seawater concentrations of PCBs, relative congener abundance, and possible effects of cold condensation were studied along a transect from the southern Norwegian Sea to the central Arctic Ocean (62 degrees N-89 degrees N). Large volume samples were collected from an ice breaker using a stainless steel surface seawater intake ...
Chiu Arthur - - 2004
Long range atmospheric and stream transport and oceanic currents drive the ecologic process of PCB deposition in the abiotic environment. In contrast short range transport via bioaccumulation-biomagnification up the food chain determines PCB congener profiles and concentrations and their adverse effects in biological organisms. Two research approaches to congeners, with ...
Jaward Foday M - - 2004
Data are presented for PBDEs, PCBs, and selected organochlorine compounds, measured at background locations by passive air samplers (semipermeable membrane devices, SPMDs) along a latitudinal transect from the south of the U.K. to the north of Norway during 2000-2002. This work is part of an ongoing air sampling campaign in ...
Ueno Daisuke - - 2004
To elucidate the global distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), these chemicals were determined in the muscle of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) collected from offshore waters of various regions in the world (Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Seychelles, and Brazil, and the Japan Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Indian ...
Mackintosh Cheryl E - - 2004
Dialkyl phthalate esters (DPEs) are widely used chemicals, with over 4 million tonnes being produced worldwide each year. On the basis of their octanol-water partition coefficients (Kow), which range from 10(1.61) for dimethyl phthalate to 10(9.46) for di-iso-decyl phthalate, certain phthalate esters have the potential to bioconcentrate and biomagnify in ...
Storelli Maria Maddalena - - 2004
Persistent organochlorines, such as polychlorinated biphenyls, including coplanar congeners and DDT compounds, were measured in the liver of a teleost species: namely, Lophius budegassa. The mean concentrations of PCBs (1249 ng/g wet wt) were comparable with DDTs mean levels (1459 ng/g wet wt). Among DDTs the compound found at the ...
Wolkers Hans - - 2004
Congener-specific accumulation and prey to predator transfer of 22 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were assessed in polar cod, ringed seal, polar bear, and beluga whale. Although the concentrations found were relatively low, these results show that PBDEs have reached the Arctic. PBDE congeners 47, 99, and 100 were dominant in ...
Bates Michael N - - 2004
Concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and organochlorine pesticides were measured in the serum of a sample of the New Zealand population aged 15 years and older. This was the first study to obtain representative measures of PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs in the adult population ...
Nadal M - - 2004
Artificial neural network (ANN) has been recently introduced as a tool for data analysis. In this study, Kohonen's self-organizing maps (SOMs), a special type of neural network, were applied to a set of PCDD/PCDF concentrations found in 54 human milk and 83 food samples, which were collected in a number ...
Richter Steffi - - 2004
The protection of environment from polychlorinated dibenzodioxin and -furan (PCDD/F) impacts, caused by a heterogeneous spectrum of thermal stationary sources and several others in chemical industry, bases on a comprehensive legislation in Germany. The results of this emission reduction strategy are presented by emission inventories for stationary, mainly industrial sources ...
Schoeters Greet - - 2004
A limited number of different foods were analysed for dioxin-like compounds by the CALUX bioassay which is an in vitro luciferase reporter gene assay measuring chemical activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Sixty-two milk samples were obtained from a surveillance campaign, 34 meat samples and 34 fishery products were purchased ...
Van Gerven Tom - - 2004
The contribution of the emission of PCBs by a municipal waste incinerator in Wilrijk, a relatively industrialized district in the largest city of Flanders, to the total emission to air and to the total human intake was estimated. Therefore it was compared to the emission of PCBs by evaporation from ...
Frignani M - - 2004
Sediment cores, collected at seven sites in the Venice Lagoon and within the canals of the industrial area were analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in order to assess the chronology of pollution and its present trends. The surficial concentration of PCBs is very high (more than 2049 microg kg(-1)) only ...
Yang Jeong Soo - - 2004
Eight samples of processed food salt collected from five plants in Korea were analyzed for 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) using liquid-liquid extraction, clean-up procedures, and high resolution gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry. The study included the analyses of two kinds of salt product sample: bamboo-salt and ...
Bordajandi Luisa R - - 2004
Concentrations of PCBs, PCDDs, and PCDFs, heavy metals (Cu, Cd, Zn, Pb, and Hg), and arsenic have been determined in a great variety of food samples purchased in different markets across the city of Huelva, located in southwestern Spain and under strong industrial activity. All samples analyzed presented concentrations below ...
Stapleton Heather M - - 2004
Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congener patterns in biota are often enriched in tetra-, penta-, and hexabrominated diphenyl ethers, which is believed to result from the use of the commercial "pentaBDE" formulation. However, our evidence suggests that debromination of PBDEs occurs within fish tissues leading to appreciable accumulation of less brominated ...
Katami Takeo - - 2004
There has been great concern about the large amounts of garbage produced by domestic households in the modern world. One of the major sources of dioxins (PCDDs, PCDFs, and coplanar PCBs) in the environment is the combustion of domestic waste materials. Exhaust gases from an incinerator, in which mixtures of ...
Fernandez Marc P - - 2004
Full congener-specific polychorinated biphenyl (PCB) and partial-congener-specific polychorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F) analyses were performed on livers from young-of-the-year (YOY) and adult Atlantic tomcod from the Hudson River estuary including multiple sites along the main-stem Hudson River and Newark Bay/Hackensack River, NJ, and from a reference river, the Miramichi River, NB. Highest ...
Borrell A - - 2004
Blubber and skin samples from 63 spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) (18 males, 40 females and 5 of unknown sex) were collected by biopsy techniques in the waters of the Coiba archipelago. Blubber was analyzed for organochlorine compounds and skin for gender determination. Mean levels of HCB (hexachlorobenzene), tPCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) ...
Cho Young-Cheol - - 2004
The potential impact of zebra mussel infestation on the dynamics of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Hudson River was determined by investigating the biodeposition and bioconcentration of PCBs, using algal food contaminated with 2,5,2'- and 2,4,2',4'-chlorobiphenyls (CBPs) in the laboratory. Approximately 46-90% of the total food was ingested depending on ...
Okumura Yutaka - - 2004
The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), non-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (non-ortho PCBs), and mono-ortho polychlorinated biphenyls (mono-ortho PCBs) in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus, body length 10.4-36.6 cm) collected from Sendai Bay, Japan, were determined using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The relationship between the concentrations of these compounds (dioxins) ...
Kuang Shao-ping - - 2004
Preliminary study is carried out on the endocrine-disrupting organic chemicals of polychlorinated biphenyls( PCBs: PCB-28, 60, 104, 153, 190) in hard roes of loaches( Misgurnus anguillicaudatas) in Weishanhu Lake, China. Results showed that the hard roes of loaches collected from the areas near the influx(such as Pengkou T-PCB = 0.243 ...
Noma Y - - 2004
All seven Halowax formulations examined were contaminated with chlorophenols (CPhs). The total CPhs content of the CN mixtures ranged from 1050 to 34,200 ng/g. The absolute concentration of CPhs decreased with an increase of degree of chlorination (% Cl) of the Halowax 1031 (27%), 1000 (35%), 1001 (49%), and 1099 ...
Wong Charles S - - 2004
The enantiomeric composition of seven chiral PCB congeners was measured in the Lake Superior aquatic food web sampled in 1998, to determine the extent of enantioselective biotransformation in aquatic biota. All chiral PCB congeners studied (CBs 91, 95, 136, 149, 174, 176, and 183) biomagnified in the Lake Superior aquatic ...
Focant J-F - - 2004
Congener-specific analyses of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were performed on twenty-eight non-pooled fast food samples collected in Belgium, Switzerland, Czech Republic, United States of America and Australia. PCDD/F and PCB concentrations for the four investigated types of meals were very low. PCDD/F values ranged ...
Natsume Yayoi - - 2004
It has been reported that 90% of the amount of dioxin in the whole body is absorbed orally with food. However, a concise and simple system to assess dioxin absorption in the small intestine has not yet been established. The present study reports a new in vitro assessment system for ...
Buckman Andrea H - - 2004
Organochlorine contaminants (OCs) were determined in liver and fat of seven species of seabirds (Alle alle, Uria lomvia, Cepphus grylle, Rissa tridactyla, Pagophila eburnea, Larus hyperboreus, and Fulmaris glacialis) collected in May/June 1998 from the Northwater Polynya in northern Baffin Bay. OC concentrations ranged over an order of magnitude between ...
Kagan Isabelle A - - 2003
Sorgoleone, 2-hydroxy-5-methoxy-3-[(8'Z,11'Z)-8',11',14'-pentadecatriene]-p-benzoquinone (1), and its corresponding hydroquinone are the major components of the root exudate of Sorghum bicolor. The name sorgoleone includes minor analogues differing in the length or degree of unsaturation of the 3-alkyl side chain. These compounds are known to be phytotoxic, probably through inhibition of photosystem II ...
Amakura Yoshiaki - - 2003
We determined the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls (Co-PCBs) in three types of fast foods [(1) seventeen hamburgers and two hot dogs, (2) six portions of fried potatoes and (3) three chicken products] obtained from fast food shops or convenience stores in Japan. All ...
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