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van de Giessen Elsmarieke E 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Academic Medical Center - University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Introduction:The neurotransmitter dopamine is important in the regulation of food intake. It is hypothesised that obese people experience less reward from food due to lower striatal dopamine release, which consequently leads to overeating. This study is the first to assess whether obese subjects have blunted striatal dopamine release.Method:We measured striatal ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2014
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Dopamine (10, 20 and 40 nmol), L-DOPA (dopamine precursor; 62.5, 125 and 250 nmol), 6-OHDA (dopamine inhibitor; 75, 150 and 300 nmol), SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), AMI-193 (D2 antagonist; 2.5, 5 ...
Pirkle Catherine M CM Université Laval. - - 2014
Inuit in Canada experience alarming levels of food insecurity, but nutritional and physiological consequences are poorly documented, especially in school-age children. The objective of this study was to assess the relation of food insecurity to iron deficiency and stature in school-aged Inuit children from Nunavik (Northern Quebec). Food insecurity, iron ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2013
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Dopamine (10, 20 and 40 nmol), L-DOPA (dopamine precursor; 62.5, 125 and 250 nmol), 6-OHDA (dopamine inhibitor; 75, 150 and 300 nmol), SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), AMI-193 (D2 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), NGB2904 (D3 ...
Kawahara Yukie Y Department of Pharmacology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan. - - 2013
Ghrelin is a stomach-derived orexigenic peptide. The goal of the study was to investigate the roles of mu and kappa opioid receptors in systemic ghrelin-mediated regulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system. To evaluate the interaction of systemic ghrelin with values of food reward, rats were exposed to food removal, regular ...
Fransson Bo - - 2012
The novel Type B gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAB)-receptor agonist lesogaberan (AZD3355) has been evaluated as an add-on to proton pump inhibitor treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease, but the effect of food on the bioavailability of this compound has not been assessed. In this openlabel crossover study, healthy males received single 100 ...
Matsuyama Jun - - 2012
Severe hypomagnesemia is a serious clinical condition. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) induced hypomagnesemia has been recognized since 2006. In March 2011 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advised that long-term use of PPI can induce hypomagnesemia. We report the first Japanese case of hypomagnesemia associated with chronic use of PPIs ...
Billes Sonja K SK Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR, - - 2012
Food intake is generally accepted to be regulated by the melanocortin system, however recent data suggests that mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons also influence food intake. Whether dopamine signaling is crucial for the acute effect of leptin on feeding is unknown. Using pharmacological and genetic strategies, we tested the hypothesis that the ...
Tachibana Tetsuya - - 2011
The anorexigenic effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) is well documented in mammals, but documentation in neonatal chicks is limited. Thus, the present study investigated the mechanism underlying the anorexigenic effect of CCK in neonatal chicks. Intraperitoneal (IP) injection of sulfated CCK(26-33) (CCK8S) significantly decreased food intake in chicks at 60 and ...
McKay Naomi J - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is produced by and released from the small intestine following ingestion of nutrients. GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists applied peripherally or centrally decrease food intake and increase glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. These effects make the GLP-1 system an attractive target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and ...
Owyang Chung - - 2011
The paradigm for the control of feeding behavior has changed significantly. In this review, we present evidence that the separation of function in which cholecystokinin (CCK) controls short-term food intake and leptin regulate long-term eating behavior and body weight become less clear. In addition to the hypothalamus, the vagus nerve ...
Mars Monica - - 2011
Foods differ in their satiating capacity. Satiety peptides may help to provide evidence for biological mechanisms behind these differences. The aim of this paper was to discuss the physiological relevance of three individual appetite peptides, i.e. CCK, GLP-1 and PYY, in assessing the satiating capacity of foods. A literature research ...
Zhu Guangjing - - 2012
A role for dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) cholecystokinin (CCK) signaling in feeding control has been proposed. Administration of CCK into the DMH reduces food intake and OLETF rats lacking CCK1 receptors (CCK1R) become hyperphagic and obese. We hypothesized that site specific replenishment of CCK1R in the DMH of OLETF rats would ...
Nakajima Shingo - - 2011
Dietary proteins and trypsin inhibitors are known to stimulate the secretion of the satiety hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). A potato extract (Potein<sup>®</sup>) contains 60 % carbohydrate and 20 % protein including trypsin inhibitory proteins. In this study, we examined whether Potein<sup>®</sup> suppresses food intake in rats and whether it directly stimulates ...
Ladyman Sharon R - - 2011
During pregnancy, food intake and fat mass are increased to meet the energy demands of the growing conceptus and to prepare for the subsequent demands of lactation. A state of leptin resistance develops during pregnancy in the rat, which can facilitate the increase in food intake despite pregnancy-induced increases in ...
Maljaars P W Jeroen - - 2011
The site of intestinal fat delivery affects satiety and may affect food intake in humans. Animal data suggest that the length of the small intestine exposed to fat is also relevant. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether increasing the areas of intestinal fat exposure and the ...
Sufian Kaosar Niaz Bin - - 2011
A peptic digest of soybean β-conglycinin (BconP) suppresses the appetite in rats through cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion by enteroendocrine cells. We investigate in this study more appetite-suppressing hydrolysates. β-Conglycinin hydrolyzed with food-processing proteases thermolysin (BconT), bromelain (BconB), chymotrypsin, protease S, and protease M was examined for CCK-secreting activity in a CCK-producing ...
Hannon-Engel Sandy - - 2012
  Individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) report altered perceptions in hunger, fullness, and satiety. This article reviews the role of cholecystokinin (CCK), a satiety-producing hormone, in the regulation of binge eating in those who suffer from BN.   Studies have shown that CCK is decreased in individuals with BN when ...
Cotugna Nancy - - 2011
Athletes involved in horse racing face weight restrictions like wrestlers and dancers, however, the literature is sparse pertaining to nutritional habits of jockeys. The practice of "making weight" causes these athletes to engage in potentially unhealthy practices. A gap in nutritionally sound practices and methods used by jockeys was identified ...
Rondinelli Amanda J - - 2011
Resettled refugees often arrive in their host country with little knowledge of nutrition or available food choices. We explored nutrition-related issues of recent refugee arrivals to San Diego County-the second largest California resettlement site. In-depth interviews (n = 40) were conducted with refugees, health care practitioners, and refugee service organizations. Content analysis ...
Thibault Ronan - - 2011
A food quality control and improvement permanent process was initiated in 1999. To evaluate the food service evolution, protein-energy needs coverage were compared in 1999 and 2008 with the same structure survey in all hospitalized patients receiving 3 meals/day. Nutritional values of food provided, consumed and wasted over 24h including ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2010
Many nutritional professionals believe that all Americans, regardless of income, have access to a nutritious diet of whole grains, lean meats, and fresh vegetables and fruit. In reality, food prices pose a significant barrier for many consumers who are trying to balance good nutrition with affordability. The Thrifty Food Plan ...
Jen Melinda - - 2010
Normal functioning of the human body requires a balance between nutritional intake and metabolism, and imbalances manifest as nutritional deficiencies or excess. Nutritional deficiency states are associated with social factors (war, poverty, famine, and food fads), medical illnesses with malabsorption (such as Crohn disease, cystic fibrosis, and after bariatric surgery), ...
Goglia R - - 2010
To assess developments in the nutritional quality of food products in various food groups in France, an Observatory of Food Quality (Oqali) was created in 2008. To achieve its aims, Oqali built up a new database to describe each specific food item at the most detailed level, and also included ...
Singh Rani H - - 2010
The impact of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) treatment on phenylalanine tolerance, medical-food consumption, and nutrition status in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) was investigated. Six children (5-12 years) with well-controlled PKU, responding to a BH(4) dose of 20 mg/kg per day, were assessed for 24 months. Mean dietary phenylalanine tolerance increased from 421 ...
Sinnett Stephanie - - 2010
The Nutrition Screening Initiative DETERMINE Checklist (NSI) is used throughout the United States to assess nutrition risk of those requesting the services of the Older Americans Act Nutrition Program (OAANP). This study examined the ability of the NSI to evaluate nutrition risk by comparing the responses between NSI and matched ...
Dorner Becky - - 2010
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that the quality of life and nutritional status of older adults residing in health care communities can be enhanced by individualization to less-restrictive diets. The Association advocates the use of qualified registered dietitians (RDs) to assess and evaluate the need for ...
James Kathy S - - 2010
This article presents the feasibility and acceptability of the 4-week Ways to Enhance Children's Activities and Nutrition (WE CAN) program. Mixed methods were utilized. Quantitative data were collected from Latina mothers using self-administered surveys. The program was positively received, although attrition was a concern. Mothers were concerned about their children's ...
Dickson-Spillmann M - - 2011
Procedural nutrition knowledge is knowledge of how to eat a healthy diet. This type of knowledge potentially plays an important role in dietary behaviour. Previous studies of consumers' nutrition knowledge did not systematically assess procedural nutrition knowledge. Thus, we administered a survey of procedural nutrition knowledge to Swiss consumers to ...
Oketch Jecinter Akinyi - - 2011
Compare the nutritional vulnerability, risk of malnutrition, nutritional status and quality of life (QoL) between recipients and non-recipients of nutrition care and support (NCS) of HIV-positive adults. In 2009, a household-based cross-sectional study of HIV-positive adults, NCS recipients (n=97) and non-NCS recipients (n=203) from KwaZulu-Natal was conducted. Nutritional vulnerability (socio-economic ...
Mitchell Helen L - - 2011
The present report summarises a meeting held by the Food & Health Forum at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, on 27 May 2010. The objective of the meeting was to review the problems associated with the use of evidence-based nutrition and to discuss what constitutes the efficacy for foods ...
Slaughter Virginia - - 2010
An open-ended interview about food and nutrition was administered to 100 Australian participants in five different groups: preschoolers (M age 5;2), third graders (M age = 8;2), sixth graders (M age = 10;11), ninth graders (M age = 14;4) and adults (M age = 20;0). The interview covered four components ...
Ramdath D Dan - - 2011
To calculate the nutritional composition of commonly consumed composite dishes in Trinidad in order to analyze dietary intakes obtained using a quantitative food frequency questionnaire developed specifically for the Trinidadian population. Multiple weighed versions of each dish were collected from 53 participants throughout Trinidad. Nutritional composition was calculated using NutriBase ...
Ayoya Mohamed Ag - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Promotion of dietary diversity using locally available nutritious foods is an effective approach in low-income areas to improve the quality of young children's diet and, hence, their growth and development. OBJECTIVE: To identify the nutritional values of locally acceptable, feasible, affordable, and sustainable foods and develop a number of ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2010
To calculate the nutritional composition of commonly consumed Brazilian foods and beverages to analyze dietary intake data obtained with a quantitative food frequency questionnaire in a colorectal adenoma case-control study in Japanese Brazilians. Weighed recipes were collected in São Paulo, Brazil and analyzed using NutriBase Clinical Nutrition Manager. A total ...
Stratton Rebecca J - - 2010
With the considerable cost of disease-related malnutrition to individuals and to society (estimated to be >£13×109 for the UK, 2007 prices), there is a need for effective and evidence-based ways of preventing and treating this condition. The wide range of oral nutritional supplements that may be prescribed for the dietary ...
Spanier B W M - - 2011
Introduction. In patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), nutritional support is required if normal food cannot be tolerated within several days. Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition. We reviewed the literature about enteral nutrition in AP. Methods. A MEDLINE search of the English language literature between 1999-2009. Results. Nasogastric tube ...
Bohrer Denise - - 2010
Preterm neonates receiving parenteral nutrition are at risk of aluminum (Al) overload because of the presence of Al as a contaminant in parenteral formulations. Despite US Food and Drug Administration regulation, commercial products continue to present Al contamination. To reassess Al exposure in the premature neonatal population, the present study ...
Hendricks Kristy M - - 2010
Undernutrition is a major contributor to child mortality and total global disease burden. Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is recommended by the World Health Organization for community-based management of uncomplicated forms of severe acute malnutrition. New research has evaluated the role of RUTF for the prevention of childhood undernutrition. While studies ...
Braegger Christian - - 2010
Enteral nutrition support (ENS) involves both the delivery of nutrients via feeding tubes and the provision of specialised oral nutritional supplements. ENS is indicated in a patient with at least a partially functioning digestive tract when oral intake is inadequate or intake of normal food is inappropriate to meet the ...
Kubli Eric - - 2010
Pregnancy in humans induces cravings for special food: the same occurs in Drosophila females. New work now shows that mating throws a nutritional switch in favor of a high-protein diet and that modulation of nutritional balance depends on the sex peptide receptor and involves neuronal TOR-S6 kinase signaling.
Friedman Mendel - - 2010
Exposure of food proteins to certain processing conditions induces two major chemical changes: racemization of all L-amino acids (LAAs) to D-amino acids (DAAs) and concurrent formation of cross-linked amino acids such as lysinoalanine (LAL). The diet contains both processing-induced and naturally-formed DAA. The latter include those found in microorganisms, plants, ...
Gurinović M - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: 'NutPlan' is developed within the EURRECA Network of Excellence (EURopean micronutrient RECommendations Aligned (http://www.eurreca.org). It is a user-friendly software programme with multiple functions: individual and group nutrition planning, recipe calculation, creating food labels, diet planning and nutrient intake assessment. This paper describes the newly developed software and its features. ...
Rotilio Giuseppe - - 2010
Nutrition can be defined as the biochemical network by which diet affects expression of genes giving rise to phenotypes that are able to successfully respond to environmental challenges, such as those resulting from dispersal to new habitats. A virtuous circle is generated between genes and diet via optimal nutrition, which ...
Morgan M Z - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries prevalence in UK children remains high and obesity, closely linked to Type 2 diabetes, is rising. Literature suggests that dentists may not give dietary advice due to a lack of clear and consistent guidelines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether oral health education ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2010
The association between hyporexia/anorexia, reduced food intake and disease-related malnutrition at hospital admission is well established. However, information on fluid intake according to nutritional risk has never been provided. Thus, we assessed the attitude and adequacy of fluid intake among case-mix hospitalised patients according to nutritional risk. A sample of ...
Ritchie Lorrene D - - 2010
To explore the impact of coordinated statewide nutrition education on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) family behavior regarding fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lower-fat milk. Survey of different cross-sectional samples of WIC families before and after education. Intervention delivered at all WIC sites in ...
Madden Helen - - 2010
Food is related to health, both directly and symbolically, in complex ways. Also, social practices around food are highly gendered, and, in the context of family life, fall largely to mothers. This study examines mothers' talk about nutritional health, and food, health and dietary practices in the context of everyday ...
Freedman Marjorie R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To develop, evaluate, and validate 2 nutrition environment assessment tools (surveys), for specific use in combating overweight on college/university campuses. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Invitations to complete surveys were e-mailed to food service and health center directors at 47 universities, Winter 2008. Overall response rate was 48%. Responses from the ...
Royer Derek J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a well-recognized adverse effect of many drugs. However, the association of thrombocytopenia with complementary/alternative medicines, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, foods, and beverages has been rarely described, except for reports of thrombocytopenia caused by quinine-containing beverages. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify all published reports of thrombocytopenia associated with these ...
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