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Khayri Hiba O HO National Diabetic Center (NDC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
The study was conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess the nutritional status of primary school Sudanese pupils and explore its' correlates. Anthropometric measurements of 400 (200 males and 200 females) students of age 6-12 were taken. Their daily food intake was assessed using food frequency and 24 h recall method. Data ...
Becker Christiane C Institut für Tierernährung der TUM, Freising-Weihenstephan, - - 2014
The change from a mainly vegetarian fare to meat consumption went along with brain growth and increased insulin resistance to improve brain's glucose supply. Meat consumption increased iron bioavailability and, thus, physical and mental fitness. The "predation-release-hypothesis" proposes that group coordination, arms and fire abolished the survival advantage of lean ...
Piccinetti Chiara Carla CC 1 Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell'Ambiente, Università Politecnica delle Marche , Ancona, Italy - - 2014
Abstract The increasing use of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in biomedical applications has prompted extensive investigation of their interactions with biological systems also through animal models. A variety of toxic effects have been detected in NP-exposed fish and fish embryos, including oxidative stress and associated changes, such as lipid ...
Lundqvist Anette - - 2014
BackgroundA woman¿s nutritional status before conception and during pregnancy is important for maternal health and the health of the foetus. The aim of the study was to compare diet intake in early pregnant women with non-pregnant women.MethodsBetween September 2006 and March 2009, 226 women in early pregnancy were consecutively recruited ...
Akinyele I O IO University of Ibadan, Faculty of Public Health, Department of Human Nutrition, Ibadan, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2015
This study was designed to determine the levels of microminerals (manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr)) and heavy metals (cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and nickel (Ni)) in some tubers, legumes and cereals obtained from the markets in Abeokuta city, South-West Nigeria. The food samples were digested ...
Wallin Viktoria V Department of Neurobiology,Care Science and Society,Karolinska - - 2014
Objective: Food and eating are embedded in people's everyday social lives: at home with family members and as part of social interactions. For people with progressive life-limiting conditions, however, eating is often obstructed. The objective of the present study was to explore the meanings of living with eating deficiencies at ...
Kyriacou Katharine K Department of Archaeology, University of Cape Town, Rosebank 7700, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this paper, we assess the nutritional value of some marine and terrestrial food resources available to Middle Stone Age hunter-gatherers in the Western Cape of South Africa with respect to an important macronutrient (protein) and an essential micronutrient (iron) and introduce a framework for assessing the relative utility of ...
Masuda Taro T a Laboratory of Food Quality Design and Development, Division of Agronomy and Horticultural Science, Graduate School of Agriculture , Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
Iron is one of the essential trace elements for humans. In this study, the iron contents in fresh, dried, and toasted nori (Pyropia yezoensis) were analyzed. The mean iron content of fresh, dried, and toasted nori were 19.0, 22.6, and 26.2 mg/100 g (dry weight), respectively. These values were superior to other ...
Eski̇ci̇ G G Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, HacettepeUniversity, Ankara, Turkey - - - 2014
This study aims to assess the nutritional status of women paralympic athletes and their nutritional knowledge. Twenty two players of National Wheelchair Women Basketball Team (15--38 years) participated in this study. Participation's nutritional status, nutritional knowledge are aimed to be assessed by having them answer the questionnaire (76 questions). Players ...
Cui Hui Song HS Department of Dermatology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is characterized by itching and eczema-like skin lesions, and its symptoms alleviate with age. Recently, the prevalence of AD has increased among adolescents and adults. The increasing prevalence of AD seems to be related to westernized lifestyles and dietary patterns. The aim of this study was to ...
Mir-Marqués Alba A Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Valencia, Jerónimo Muñoz Building, 50th Dr. Moliner St., 46100 Burjassot (Valencia), - - 2015
Commercial baby foods are an important part of the daily intake of babies from 6 to 12months. The mineral profile of commercial baby foods in Spain was determined to establish levels of essential and non-essential elements, and their contribution to adequate intake (AI) and estimated average requirement (EAR). Thirty-five jars ...
Dos Santos Quenia Q 1Institute of Social Medicine,State University of Rio de Janeiro,Rua São Francisco Xavier 524,Maracanã 20550-900,Rio de - - 2014
The present communication reports a strategy to calculate the intake of Fe based on data available for folic acid and evaluate the programme of flour fortification in Brazil. Cross-sectional study conducted in Brazil during 2008 and 2009. A 2d dietary record of individuals was used. The usual intake of folic ...
Decsi Tamás T Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs, Pécs, - - 2014
Background: Among the potentially critical nutrients for toddlers, vitamin D, iron and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) have recently gained special attention. A high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was reported worldwide, affecting also small children. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia was described to be outstanding among children and ...
Vagianos Kathy K Departments of Nutrition and Food Services, Health Sciences Centre and the University of Manitoba IBD Clinical and Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba - - 2014
Background: A comprehensive study of what individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are eating that encompasses food avoidance, dietary sugar consumption, and a comparison with the non-IBD Canadian population has not been documented. The aim was to analyze these interrelated dietary components. Methods: Food avoidance and sugar intake data were ...
De Moura Fabiana F - - 2014
Biofortification is the breeding of crops to increase their nutritional value, including increased contents of micronutrients or their precursors. Biofortification aims to increase nutrient levels in crops during plant growth rather than during processing of the crops into foods. Emerging research from 8 human trials conducted in the past decade ...
Hajare Sachin N SN Food Technology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085, - - 2014
Nasogastric liquid feed formulation (NGLF) was developed for immunocompromised patients who are vulnerable targets of pathogenic assault. NGLF consisted of cereals, pulses, vegetables, and milk powder to provide balanced nutrients; however, the shelf life was only a few hours because this product was highly prone to microbial contamination and proliferation ...
Oliveira Daniel Alves de DA Faculdade Bezerra de Araújo, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study aimed to analyze time trends in complementary feeding practices among children under one year of age in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1998 to 2008. Based on comparable questions on food consumption in five surveys conducted in representative randomized samples of children in 1998 (n ...
van de Giessen Elsmarieke E 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Academic Medical Center - University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Introduction:The neurotransmitter dopamine is important in the regulation of food intake. It is hypothesised that obese people experience less reward from food due to lower striatal dopamine release, which consequently leads to overeating. This study is the first to assess whether obese subjects have blunted striatal dopamine release.Method:We measured striatal ...
Jati Ignasius Radix A P IR Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to create an innovative, easy-to-use, and informative web-based application system to calculate the iron, zinc, and vitamin A intake in comparison to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI). Food survey data on commonly consumed Indonesian foods (122 foods) were recorded from 68 800 households. The ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2014
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Dopamine (10, 20 and 40 nmol), L-DOPA (dopamine precursor; 62.5, 125 and 250 nmol), 6-OHDA (dopamine inhibitor; 75, 150 and 300 nmol), SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), AMI-193 (D2 antagonist; 2.5, 5 ...
Pirkle Catherine M CM Université Laval. - - 2014
Inuit in Canada experience alarming levels of food insecurity, but nutritional and physiological consequences are poorly documented, especially in school-age children. The objective of this study was to assess the relation of food insecurity to iron deficiency and stature in school-aged Inuit children from Nunavik (Northern Quebec). Food insecurity, iron ...
Przybyszewska Justyna J Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, - - 2014
Iron is found in almost all foods, so dietary iron intake is related to energy intake. However, its availability for absorption is quite variable, and poor bioavailability is a major reason for the high prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anaemia. Absorption occurs primarily in the proximal small intestine through mature ...
Beck Kathryn L KL Institute of Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Health, Massey University, Private Bag 102 904, North Shore City 0745, New Zealand. - - 2014
Iron deficiency is a concern in both developing and developed (industrialized) countries; and young women are particularly vulnerable. This review investigates dietary determinants of and possible solutions to iron deficiency in young women living in industrialized countries. Dietary factors including ascorbic acid and an elusive factor in animal protein foods ...
Alles Martine S MS Nutricia Research, Danone Nutricia Early Life Nutrition, Utrecht, The - - 2014
The early years of life are a period of very rapid growth and development. In this critical phase, food preferences are formed which carry over into childhood and beyond and foundations are laid for a healthy adult life. Excess energy, imbalances in macronutrient quality, and nutritional deficiencies may form inappropriate ...
Humphries Debbie L DL Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Disease, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2014
Relative to plant-based foods, animal source foods (ASFs) are richer in accessible protein, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin B-12 and other nutrients. Because of their nutritional value, particularly for childhood growth and nutrition, it is important to identify factors influencing ASF consumption, especially for poorer households that generally consume less ASFs. ...
Wawer Anna A AA Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, United - - 2014
Previous in vitro results indicated that alginate beads might be a useful vehicle for food iron fortification. A human study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that alginate enhances iron absorption. A randomised, single blinded, cross-over trial was carried out in which iron absorption was measured from serum iron appearance ...
Spence Suzanne S Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, England; Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2014
In September 2009, middle and secondary schools in England were required to comply with food and nutrient-based standards for school food. We examined the impact of this policy change on children's lunchtime and total dietary intake. We undertook repeat cross-sectional surveys in six Northumberland middle schools in 1999-2000 and 2009-10. ...
Marques da Silva Mariane M University of São Paulo Scholl of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, Surgical Gastroenterology Discipline (LIM 35).. - - 2014
Nutritional and food intake assessments before and after bariatric surgery may be important to correct eating habits and nutritional deficiencies. To assess the efficiency of the 24-hour food recall (24hR) form as a fast method for assessing nutrient intake before and after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). This study analyzed ...
Zendehdel Morteza - - 2013
The present study was designed to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of Dopamine (10, 20 and 40 nmol), L-DOPA (dopamine precursor; 62.5, 125 and 250 nmol), 6-OHDA (dopamine inhibitor; 75, 150 and 300 nmol), SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), AMI-193 (D2 antagonist; 2.5, 5 and 10 nmol), NGB2904 (D3 ...
Kawahara Yukie Y Department of Pharmacology, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan. - - 2013
Ghrelin is a stomach-derived orexigenic peptide. The goal of the study was to investigate the roles of mu and kappa opioid receptors in systemic ghrelin-mediated regulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system. To evaluate the interaction of systemic ghrelin with values of food reward, rats were exposed to food removal, regular ...
Fransson Bo - - 2012
The novel Type B gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAB)-receptor agonist lesogaberan (AZD3355) has been evaluated as an add-on to proton pump inhibitor treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease, but the effect of food on the bioavailability of this compound has not been assessed. In this openlabel crossover study, healthy males received single 100 ...
Matsuyama Jun - - 2012
Severe hypomagnesemia is a serious clinical condition. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) induced hypomagnesemia has been recognized since 2006. In March 2011 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration advised that long-term use of PPI can induce hypomagnesemia. We report the first Japanese case of hypomagnesemia associated with chronic use of PPIs ...
Billes Sonja K SK Division of Neuroscience, Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, Beaverton, OR, - - 2012
Food intake is generally accepted to be regulated by the melanocortin system, however recent data suggests that mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons also influence food intake. Whether dopamine signaling is crucial for the acute effect of leptin on feeding is unknown. Using pharmacological and genetic strategies, we tested the hypothesis that the ...
Tachibana Tetsuya - - 2011
The anorexigenic effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) is well documented in mammals, but documentation in neonatal chicks is limited. Thus, the present study investigated the mechanism underlying the anorexigenic effect of CCK in neonatal chicks. Intraperitoneal (IP) injection of sulfated CCK(26-33) (CCK8S) significantly decreased food intake in chicks at 60 and ...
McKay Naomi J - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is produced by and released from the small intestine following ingestion of nutrients. GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists applied peripherally or centrally decrease food intake and increase glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. These effects make the GLP-1 system an attractive target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and ...
Owyang Chung - - 2011
The paradigm for the control of feeding behavior has changed significantly. In this review, we present evidence that the separation of function in which cholecystokinin (CCK) controls short-term food intake and leptin regulate long-term eating behavior and body weight become less clear. In addition to the hypothalamus, the vagus nerve ...
Mars Monica - - 2011
Foods differ in their satiating capacity. Satiety peptides may help to provide evidence for biological mechanisms behind these differences. The aim of this paper was to discuss the physiological relevance of three individual appetite peptides, i.e. CCK, GLP-1 and PYY, in assessing the satiating capacity of foods. A literature research ...
Zhu Guangjing G Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710061, - - 2012
A role for dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) cholecystokinin (CCK) signaling in feeding control has been proposed. Administration of CCK into the DMH reduces food intake and OLETF rats lacking CCK1 receptors (CCK1R) become hyperphagic and obese. We hypothesized that site specific replenishment of CCK1R in the DMH of OLETF rats would ...
Nakajima Shingo - - 2011
Dietary proteins and trypsin inhibitors are known to stimulate the secretion of the satiety hormone cholecystokinin (CCK). A potato extract (Potein<sup>®</sup>) contains 60 % carbohydrate and 20 % protein including trypsin inhibitory proteins. In this study, we examined whether Potein<sup>®</sup> suppresses food intake in rats and whether it directly stimulates ...
Ladyman Sharon R - - 2011
During pregnancy, food intake and fat mass are increased to meet the energy demands of the growing conceptus and to prepare for the subsequent demands of lactation. A state of leptin resistance develops during pregnancy in the rat, which can facilitate the increase in food intake despite pregnancy-induced increases in ...
Maljaars P W Jeroen - - 2011
The site of intestinal fat delivery affects satiety and may affect food intake in humans. Animal data suggest that the length of the small intestine exposed to fat is also relevant. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether increasing the areas of intestinal fat exposure and the ...
Sufian Kaosar Niaz Bin - - 2011
A peptic digest of soybean β-conglycinin (BconP) suppresses the appetite in rats through cholecystokinin (CCK) secretion by enteroendocrine cells. We investigate in this study more appetite-suppressing hydrolysates. β-Conglycinin hydrolyzed with food-processing proteases thermolysin (BconT), bromelain (BconB), chymotrypsin, protease S, and protease M was examined for CCK-secreting activity in a CCK-producing ...
Hannon-Engel Sandy - - 2012
  Individuals with bulimia nervosa (BN) report altered perceptions in hunger, fullness, and satiety. This article reviews the role of cholecystokinin (CCK), a satiety-producing hormone, in the regulation of binge eating in those who suffer from BN.   Studies have shown that CCK is decreased in individuals with BN when ...
Cotugna Nancy - - 2011
Athletes involved in horse racing face weight restrictions like wrestlers and dancers, however, the literature is sparse pertaining to nutritional habits of jockeys. The practice of "making weight" causes these athletes to engage in potentially unhealthy practices. A gap in nutritionally sound practices and methods used by jockeys was identified ...
Rondinelli Amanda J AJ Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0507, - - 2011
Resettled refugees often arrive in their host country with little knowledge of nutrition or available food choices. We explored nutrition-related issues of recent refugee arrivals to San Diego County-the second largest California resettlement site. In-depth interviews (n = 40) were conducted with refugees, health care practitioners, and refugee service organizations. Content analysis ...
Greffeuille Valérie V UMR204, IRD/UM1/UM2/SupAgro, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier Cedex 5, - - 2011
The effect of the different unit operations of processing traditionally used to produce four maize foods commonly consumed in Africa on the nutritional composition of the products was investigated, using Benin as a study context. The impact of the processes on lipid, fibre, phytate, iron and zinc contents varied with ...
Thibault Ronan - - 2011
A food quality control and improvement permanent process was initiated in 1999. To evaluate the food service evolution, protein-energy needs coverage were compared in 1999 and 2008 with the same structure survey in all hospitalized patients receiving 3 meals/day. Nutritional values of food provided, consumed and wasted over 24h including ...
Drewnowski Adam - - 2010
Many nutritional professionals believe that all Americans, regardless of income, have access to a nutritious diet of whole grains, lean meats, and fresh vegetables and fruit. In reality, food prices pose a significant barrier for many consumers who are trying to balance good nutrition with affordability. The Thrifty Food Plan ...
Jen Melinda - - 2010
Normal functioning of the human body requires a balance between nutritional intake and metabolism, and imbalances manifest as nutritional deficiencies or excess. Nutritional deficiency states are associated with social factors (war, poverty, famine, and food fads), medical illnesses with malabsorption (such as Crohn disease, cystic fibrosis, and after bariatric surgery), ...
Goglia R - - 2010
To assess developments in the nutritional quality of food products in various food groups in France, an Observatory of Food Quality (Oqali) was created in 2008. To achieve its aims, Oqali built up a new database to describe each specific food item at the most detailed level, and also included ...
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