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Branca F - - 2002
Stunting is a process that can affect the development of a child from the early stages of conception and until the third or fourth year of life, when the nutrition of the mother and the child are essential determinants of growth. Failure to meet micronutrient requirements, a challenging environment and ...
Gaioni Dominic T - - 2002
The article deals with the nutritional habits of the people of Bauko, an upland community in the northern Philippine island of Luzon, and its implications for health preservation and disease management. Data on dietary behavior were collected through a 24-hour-recall survey administered to a representative sample of students and adults. ...
Kang Sukwon - - 2002
A management information system (MIS), including a database management system (DBMS) and a decision support system (DSS), was developed to dynamically analyze the variable nutritional content of foods grown and prepared in an Advanced Life Support System (ALSS) such as required for long-duration space missions. The DBMS was designed around ...
Worsley Anthony - - 2002
The status and explanatory role of nutrition knowledge is uncertain in public health nutrition. Much of the uncertainty about this area has been generated by conceptual confusion about the nature of knowledge and behaviours, and, nutrition knowledge and food behaviours in particular. So the paper describes several key concepts in ...
Pohlman H Darlene - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine if differences exist in the teaching of nutrition to students in grades one to four in rural (less than 10,000 population); midsized (10,000 to 99,999); and urban (100,000 or more) counties in Nebraska. Surveys were sent to one-fifth of educators teaching grades ...
Allison Simon - - 2002
Not only is there a high prevalence of malnutrition among the elderly admitted to hospital and other institutions, but nutritional status seems to decline during admission, not only as a result of disease but also problems with catering and feeding policies, which are not well-geared to the needs of the ...
Cannon Geoffrey - - 2002
The map of nutrition, evident in the structure of any course or textbook, derives from theses that framed a science begun in the 1840s, developed until the 1940s, and consolidated until now. Nutritionists now are as perplexed as the explorers of half a millennium ago, who continued to use maps ...
Freeland-Graves Jeanne - - 2002
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that all foods can fit into a healthful eating style. The ADA strives to communicate healthful eating messages to the public that emphasize the total diet, or overall pattern of food eaten, rather than any one food or meal. If consumed ...
Berry Elliot M - - 2002
The health of populations is related to the norms and characteristics of society and its socio-economic organization. The causes of food-related ill health are located at the national and international levels and the cure must be sought in good governance. Thus, it is obvious that a Master's Degree in International ...
Smith Shannon C - - 2002
This paper summarizes existing evidence on the impact of food information programs. Published and unpublished literature produced within the past decade was searched and reviewed. Relevant data were tabulated and key findings summarized. Food information programs are becoming increasingly popular as tools to help consumers select a healthy diet. The ...
Mishna Faye F Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Canada. - - 2002
This article highlights the significance food may have in group therapy with children and adolescents and its meanings for particular group members. It focuses on the interactions between the group members and leaders in response to food. Along with providing actual nutrition, food represents emotional and symbolic nurturing, and may ...
Serra-Majem L - - 2001
The objective of this paper is to present the development of the Nutritional Objectives for the Spanish Population. Preparation of draft documents contributed by different working groups was followed by a consensus meeting held in Bilbao on 5-7 October 2000, hosted by the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition and sponsored ...
Hay K D - - 2001
People with xerostomia can experience significant difficulties eating some foods which, before the onset of the dry mouth, would have been easily consumed. The few studies in the literature indicate that such people become deficient in a variety of nutrients. In this study, supporting evidence was sought to confirm whether ...
Gassin A L - - 2001
In order to be successful, public health nutrition strategies require the active collaboration of all stakeholders in the promotion of healthy diet and lifestyle patterns. The food industry plays an important role both in providing products that meet consumers' needs in terms of taste, convenience, quality, nutrition and value as ...
Stefániková Z - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Authors aimed at positive and negative changes evaluation in nutrition and nutritional status of university-medical students comparing the situation in years 1984 and 1999. They were trying to determine, how was the nutrition of current medical students influenced by food consumption changes in the Slovak population and price liberalization ...
Karupaiah T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To develop an education package with uniform nutrition messages appropriate for Malaysian patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: Nutritional problems and socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, and religious factors influencing food habits of HD patients were considered in planning the package. The package comprised a Flipchart and 55 food Fotocards. The Flipchart used ...
Hagen E H - - 2001
The 1998 El Niño significantly reduced garden productivity in the Upper Orinoco region in Venezuela. Consequently, parents were forced to allocate food carefully to their children. Nutrition data collected from village children combined with genealogical data allowed the determination of which children suffered most, and whether the patterns of food ...
Edstrom K M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to discover and understand women's perceptions of stability and change in their orientations to food and nutrition during a time of physical, social, and psychological transitions. DESIGN:A 10-year follow-up to a 1988 study was conducted. PARTICPANTS/SETTINGS: Seventeen women from a 1988 study in ...
Dirks R T - - 2001
Early field studies in human nutrition documented the eating habits of African Americans living in a variety of circumstances. We compare the results of these investigations. Our analysis shows systematic differences along a continuum reaching from remote, rural communities in the South toward increasingly metropolitan locations. On the latter end ...
Smith S M - - 2001
Adequate nutrition is critical during long-term spaceflight, as is the ability to easily monitor dietary intake. A comprehensive nutritional status assessment profile was designed for use before, during and after flight. It included assessment of both dietary intake and biochemical markers of nutritional status. A spaceflight food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was ...
Langnäse K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between nutrition and health in an adult urban homeless population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional--nutritional state (body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold (TSF), upper arm circumference), dietary habits (food frequency), socio-demographic data and self-stated diseases were assessed. SETTING: Four sites for homeless people in Kiel and Hamburg, Germany. ...
Tee E S - - 2001
Over the last three decades, there has been significant changes in the lifestyles of commmunities, including food habits, and food purchasing and consumption patterns in the Southeast Asian region. As a result, there is a definite change in the food and nutrition issues in the region. Nutritional deficiencies in many ...
Krishnaswamy K - - 2001
South Asia is the most populated region of the world with several nutritional challenges. Though per capita food energy supply, child survival and life expectancy have improved, and even today large segments of the population are below the poverty line with high infant and maternal mortality rates. It is important ...
McMichael P - - 2001
The millennium promises a dramatic politicisation of the food question. In addition to the prominent issues of food security, hunger and nutrition, bioengineering, food safety and quality, there are related issues of environmental sustainability, power, sovereignty and rights. All these issues are deeply implicated in the current corporate form of ...
Cason K L - - 2001
This report describes the evaluation of a preschool nutrition education program based on the theory of multiple intelligences. Forty-six nutrition educators provided a series of 12 lessons to 6102 preschool-age children. The program was evaluated using a pretest/post-test design to assess differences in fruit and vegetable identification, healthy snack choices, ...
Dowler E - - 2001
The contribution of food, nutrition and physical activity to inequalities in health across Europe is largely unexplored. This paper summarizes cross sectional survey data on food patterns and nutrient intakes, and briefer data on physical activity, by various indicators of socio-economic status for countries across Europe. Factors are examined which ...
Khadka N B - - 2001
This article examines the perceptions of villagers of Nepal towards effective modes of nutrition communication affecting their nutritional health. Based on the villagers' experience of the nutrition communication used in various vitamin A projects surveyed in three districts of Nepal, a majority of the villagers strongly believe that a nutrition ...
Bygren L O - - 2001
Social circumstances often impinge on later generations in a socio-economic manner, giving children an uneven start in life. Overfeeding and overeating might not be an exception. The pathways might be complex but one direct mechanism could be genomic imprinting and loss of imprinting. An intergenerational "feedforward" control loop has been ...
Menrad, K.
This article deals with the innovation system in Germany at the borderline of food, nutrition and health. After an overview over existing concepts to analyse innovations in system theory, the major factors (technologies, economic competence, institutional infrastructure, development block) are studied which determine the innovation system in this area in ...
Thwin A - - 2001
Myanmar has a policy of promoting food and nutrition security and, at the national level, food production is more than that required to meet the country's needs. Nevertheless, food and nutrition surveillance has revealed that malnutrition still exists in the country, despite economic growth and national food self-sufficiency. The National ...
McClelland J W - - 2001
Nutrition education programs and social marketing campaigns frequently focus on low-income audiences with the goal of improving dietary intake and quality, weight management practices, and physical activity. The impact of nutrition education can be assessed by measuring change in relation to any or all of these broad variables. Unfortunately, little ...
Geddes F - - 2001
Nutrition education messages were written about eight different foods or food products in eight different styles. Styles were suggestions, instructions using 'should', rhetorical questions using 'how about' or 'why not', statements of fact, positive commands, positive commands followed by negative commands or vice versa. Subjects (n 160) rated messages for ...
Wahlqvist M L - - 2001
The Asia-Pacific region is undergoing a major change in both food and health patterns, with a connection between the two more than likely. Evidence for certain traditional Asia-Pacific foods as protective agents against chronic non-communicable disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD), in particular, is growing at a time when their usage ...
Pearson T A - - 2000
New opportunities for control of cardiovascular disease (CVD) through nutritional interventions can be divided into three areas: nutritional intervention on newly identified causes of CVD; nutritional strategies to more efficiently or equitably employ current, proven interventions; and nutritional approaches to reduce costs and improve effectiveness so that benefits can be ...
Shatenstein B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nutritional and clinical consequences of changing from a centralized food delivery system to decentralized bulk food portioning; a system in which meal portioning occurs on residents' floors of a nursing home. DESIGN: A pilot study with a pre-post design SUBJECTS/SETTING: The study took place on one ...
Vellas B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between nutritional status measured by a comprehensive nutritional assessment including anthropometric measurements, nutritional biological markers, evaluation of dietary intake, and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) nutrition screening tool. DESIGN: A prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-five older subjects (53 men and 102 women; mean age = ...
Koleva M - - 2000
The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the somatotype characteristics of the studied group and search for a relation between somatotype, obesity, and particular features of nutrition. Somatotype after Health & Carter (1990), nutritional status according to Body mass index (BMI), and nutrition determined by food-frequency questionnaires. Over 94% ...
Anderson E S - - 2000
A social-cognitive model of nutrition behavior (A. Bandura, 1997) was tested using structural equation modeling of data from 307 food shoppers recruited from 5 supermarkets in Southwest Virginia. The shoppers were participating in the baseline phase of an ongoing nutrition promotion program. As part of the evaluation, data were collected ...
- - 2000
This section is the final of three parts on the revised guidelines for young child feeding by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI). In the previous section, we covered the areas of nutrition of the newborn, feeding of low birthweight infants and those with special requirements, and replacement and ...
McDonald J - - 2000
In-depth interviews conducted with 12 rural widowers participating in a population-based study of nutritional strategies of rural adults 70 years and older were analyzed to (a) identify factors that place widowers at risk for nutritional problems and (b) understand how rural residence is related to this risk. The nutritional strategies ...
- - 2000
This is the second of a three-part series by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI) on revised guidelines for young child feeding in the Caribbean. In Part 1, the guidelines dealt with the period before birth. These covered maternal nutrition and guidelines for promoting, protecting and supporting breastfeeding. This ...
Wardle J - - 2000
In many studies, correlations between nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviour have failed to reach statistical significance, leading researchers to question the relevance of nutrition knowledge to food choice, and the value of nutrition education campaigns. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge and intake of fat, fruit and ...
Hernes G - - 2000
Food and knowledge of food is an essential part of life. Knowledge about how to get enough and how to get it right is an essential part of all cultures. Since food is vital, nutrition policy is critical. Nutrition policy is about who should eat what, why, when and how ...
Mattes R D - - 2000
The rapid release of saliva following cognitive or sensory stimulation is termed the cephalic phase salivary response. Optimal methods and conditions for measuring the cephalic phase salivary response have not been established. Consequently, determination of the extent to which the large inter and intra-individual variability reflect biological or procedural influences ...
Krassie J J Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietectics, University of Newcastle, School of Health Sciences, Medical Sciences Building, Level 3, University Drive, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, - - 2000
A review of the literature was undertaken to identify the nutritional needs of elderly MOW consumers and factors affecting the ability of existing programs to meet those needs. The focus was on the Australian experience but drawing on the world literature. Keyword search of English language based computer databases of ...
Vio F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines socioeconomic, demographic, epidemiological and nutrition changes that have occurred in Chile in the last decades using concepts of epidemiological and nutrition transition, and discusses policies related to nutrition. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a descriptive, population-based study to analyse changes in the Chilean diet and nutrition ...
Parízková J - - 2000
The overall situation as regards dietary intake and nutritional status in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe has varied considerably during previous decades; however, after the political, social and economic changes during the nineties these differences have increased further, especially in the areas with low GDP and war, and ...
Despland E - - 2000
The behaviour of herbivorous insects is influenced by their nutritional state. Nutrition-induced behavioural changes are often interpreted as adaptive mechanisms for controlling nutrient intake; however, their influence on other life history traits has received far less attention. We investigated the effect of food quality and distribution on the behaviour and ...
González L - - 2000
Children with neuromuscular disorders have special health needs that place them at risk of nutritional problems. These needs may have detrimental effects on their development, immune and respiratory system. Identified nutrition-related problems are malnutrition, obesity, food intolerance, food allergies, drug-nutrient interactions, constipation and reflux. In order to improve the nutritional ...
Rolland-Cachera M F - - 2000
This review covers surveys of nutritional intake in adolescents living in several countries of Western Europe. Current definitions of nutritional status are discussed, with a special emphasis on adolescent years. It is generally observed that obesity rates are increasing (especially those of massive obesity) in young people, whereas declared energy ...
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