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Results 401 - 450 of 803
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Hagen E H - - 2001
The 1998 El Niño significantly reduced garden productivity in the Upper Orinoco region in Venezuela. Consequently, parents were forced to allocate food carefully to their children. Nutrition data collected from village children combined with genealogical data allowed the determination of which children suffered most, and whether the patterns of food ...
Edstrom K M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to discover and understand women's perceptions of stability and change in their orientations to food and nutrition during a time of physical, social, and psychological transitions. DESIGN:A 10-year follow-up to a 1988 study was conducted. PARTICPANTS/SETTINGS: Seventeen women from a 1988 study in ...
Dirks R T - - 2001
Early field studies in human nutrition documented the eating habits of African Americans living in a variety of circumstances. We compare the results of these investigations. Our analysis shows systematic differences along a continuum reaching from remote, rural communities in the South toward increasingly metropolitan locations. On the latter end ...
Smith S M - - 2001
Adequate nutrition is critical during long-term spaceflight, as is the ability to easily monitor dietary intake. A comprehensive nutritional status assessment profile was designed for use before, during and after flight. It included assessment of both dietary intake and biochemical markers of nutritional status. A spaceflight food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was ...
Langnäse K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between nutrition and health in an adult urban homeless population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional--nutritional state (body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold (TSF), upper arm circumference), dietary habits (food frequency), socio-demographic data and self-stated diseases were assessed. SETTING: Four sites for homeless people in Kiel and Hamburg, Germany. ...
Tee E S - - 2001
Over the last three decades, there has been significant changes in the lifestyles of commmunities, including food habits, and food purchasing and consumption patterns in the Southeast Asian region. As a result, there is a definite change in the food and nutrition issues in the region. Nutritional deficiencies in many ...
Krishnaswamy K - - 2001
South Asia is the most populated region of the world with several nutritional challenges. Though per capita food energy supply, child survival and life expectancy have improved, and even today large segments of the population are below the poverty line with high infant and maternal mortality rates. It is important ...
McMichael P - - 2001
The millennium promises a dramatic politicisation of the food question. In addition to the prominent issues of food security, hunger and nutrition, bioengineering, food safety and quality, there are related issues of environmental sustainability, power, sovereignty and rights. All these issues are deeply implicated in the current corporate form of ...
Cason K L - - 2001
This report describes the evaluation of a preschool nutrition education program based on the theory of multiple intelligences. Forty-six nutrition educators provided a series of 12 lessons to 6102 preschool-age children. The program was evaluated using a pretest/post-test design to assess differences in fruit and vegetable identification, healthy snack choices, ...
Dowler E - - 2001
The contribution of food, nutrition and physical activity to inequalities in health across Europe is largely unexplored. This paper summarizes cross sectional survey data on food patterns and nutrient intakes, and briefer data on physical activity, by various indicators of socio-economic status for countries across Europe. Factors are examined which ...
Khadka N B - - 2001
This article examines the perceptions of villagers of Nepal towards effective modes of nutrition communication affecting their nutritional health. Based on the villagers' experience of the nutrition communication used in various vitamin A projects surveyed in three districts of Nepal, a majority of the villagers strongly believe that a nutrition ...
Bygren L O - - 2001
Social circumstances often impinge on later generations in a socio-economic manner, giving children an uneven start in life. Overfeeding and overeating might not be an exception. The pathways might be complex but one direct mechanism could be genomic imprinting and loss of imprinting. An intergenerational "feedforward" control loop has been ...
Menrad, K.
This article deals with the innovation system in Germany at the borderline of food, nutrition and health. After an overview over existing concepts to analyse innovations in system theory, the major factors (technologies, economic competence, institutional infrastructure, development block) are studied which determine the innovation system in this area in ...
Thwin A - - 2001
Myanmar has a policy of promoting food and nutrition security and, at the national level, food production is more than that required to meet the country's needs. Nevertheless, food and nutrition surveillance has revealed that malnutrition still exists in the country, despite economic growth and national food self-sufficiency. The National ...
McClelland J W - - 2001
Nutrition education programs and social marketing campaigns frequently focus on low-income audiences with the goal of improving dietary intake and quality, weight management practices, and physical activity. The impact of nutrition education can be assessed by measuring change in relation to any or all of these broad variables. Unfortunately, little ...
Geddes F - - 2001
Nutrition education messages were written about eight different foods or food products in eight different styles. Styles were suggestions, instructions using 'should', rhetorical questions using 'how about' or 'why not', statements of fact, positive commands, positive commands followed by negative commands or vice versa. Subjects (n 160) rated messages for ...
Wahlqvist M L - - 2001
The Asia-Pacific region is undergoing a major change in both food and health patterns, with a connection between the two more than likely. Evidence for certain traditional Asia-Pacific foods as protective agents against chronic non-communicable disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD), in particular, is growing at a time when their usage ...
Pearson T A - - 2000
New opportunities for control of cardiovascular disease (CVD) through nutritional interventions can be divided into three areas: nutritional intervention on newly identified causes of CVD; nutritional strategies to more efficiently or equitably employ current, proven interventions; and nutritional approaches to reduce costs and improve effectiveness so that benefits can be ...
Shatenstein B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the nutritional and clinical consequences of changing from a centralized food delivery system to decentralized bulk food portioning; a system in which meal portioning occurs on residents' floors of a nursing home. DESIGN: A pilot study with a pre-post design SUBJECTS/SETTING: The study took place on one ...
Vellas B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between nutritional status measured by a comprehensive nutritional assessment including anthropometric measurements, nutritional biological markers, evaluation of dietary intake, and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) nutrition screening tool. DESIGN: A prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-five older subjects (53 men and 102 women; mean age = ...
Koleva M - - 2000
The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the somatotype characteristics of the studied group and search for a relation between somatotype, obesity, and particular features of nutrition. Somatotype after Health & Carter (1990), nutritional status according to Body mass index (BMI), and nutrition determined by food-frequency questionnaires. Over 94% ...
Anderson E S - - 2000
A social-cognitive model of nutrition behavior (A. Bandura, 1997) was tested using structural equation modeling of data from 307 food shoppers recruited from 5 supermarkets in Southwest Virginia. The shoppers were participating in the baseline phase of an ongoing nutrition promotion program. As part of the evaluation, data were collected ...
- - 2000
This section is the final of three parts on the revised guidelines for young child feeding by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI). In the previous section, we covered the areas of nutrition of the newborn, feeding of low birthweight infants and those with special requirements, and replacement and ...
McDonald J - - 2000
In-depth interviews conducted with 12 rural widowers participating in a population-based study of nutritional strategies of rural adults 70 years and older were analyzed to (a) identify factors that place widowers at risk for nutritional problems and (b) understand how rural residence is related to this risk. The nutritional strategies ...
- - 2000
This is the second of a three-part series by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI) on revised guidelines for young child feeding in the Caribbean. In Part 1, the guidelines dealt with the period before birth. These covered maternal nutrition and guidelines for promoting, protecting and supporting breastfeeding. This ...
Wardle J - - 2000
In many studies, correlations between nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviour have failed to reach statistical significance, leading researchers to question the relevance of nutrition knowledge to food choice, and the value of nutrition education campaigns. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge and intake of fat, fruit and ...
Hernes G - - 2000
Food and knowledge of food is an essential part of life. Knowledge about how to get enough and how to get it right is an essential part of all cultures. Since food is vital, nutrition policy is critical. Nutrition policy is about who should eat what, why, when and how ...
Mattes R D - - 2000
The rapid release of saliva following cognitive or sensory stimulation is termed the cephalic phase salivary response. Optimal methods and conditions for measuring the cephalic phase salivary response have not been established. Consequently, determination of the extent to which the large inter and intra-individual variability reflect biological or procedural influences ...
Krassie J J Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietectics, University of Newcastle, School of Health Sciences, Medical Sciences Building, Level 3, University Drive, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, - - 2000
A review of the literature was undertaken to identify the nutritional needs of elderly MOW consumers and factors affecting the ability of existing programs to meet those needs. The focus was on the Australian experience but drawing on the world literature. Keyword search of English language based computer databases of ...
Vio F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines socioeconomic, demographic, epidemiological and nutrition changes that have occurred in Chile in the last decades using concepts of epidemiological and nutrition transition, and discusses policies related to nutrition. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a descriptive, population-based study to analyse changes in the Chilean diet and nutrition ...
Parízková J - - 2000
The overall situation as regards dietary intake and nutritional status in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe has varied considerably during previous decades; however, after the political, social and economic changes during the nineties these differences have increased further, especially in the areas with low GDP and war, and ...
Despland E - - 2000
The behaviour of herbivorous insects is influenced by their nutritional state. Nutrition-induced behavioural changes are often interpreted as adaptive mechanisms for controlling nutrient intake; however, their influence on other life history traits has received far less attention. We investigated the effect of food quality and distribution on the behaviour and ...
González L - - 2000
Children with neuromuscular disorders have special health needs that place them at risk of nutritional problems. These needs may have detrimental effects on their development, immune and respiratory system. Identified nutrition-related problems are malnutrition, obesity, food intolerance, food allergies, drug-nutrient interactions, constipation and reflux. In order to improve the nutritional ...
Rolland-Cachera M F - - 2000
This review covers surveys of nutritional intake in adolescents living in several countries of Western Europe. Current definitions of nutritional status are discussed, with a special emphasis on adolescent years. It is generally observed that obesity rates are increasing (especially those of massive obesity) in young people, whereas declared energy ...
Quandt S A - - 2000
Studies of the nutritional status of older adults (by marital status) and of older women recently widowed suggest that widows are nutritionally vulnerable. Yet few studies have examined nutrition-related behaviors among widows to see why this is true. We conceptualize these behaviors as nutritional self-management strategies, encompassing behaviors related to ...
Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M - - 2000
Plasma carnitine levels were measured in two alternative nutrition groups--strict vegetarians (vegans) and lactoovovegetarians (vegetarians consuming limited amounts of animal products such as milk products and eggs). The results were compared to an average sample of probands on mixed nutrition (omnivores). Carnitine levels were correlated with the intake of essential ...
Hegedüs M - - 2000
The nutritive value of dog foods declared by the manufacturer as nutritionally complete and balanced can be best assessed by feeding trials with dogs. A protocol of a feeding trial has been developed and tested with working dogs fed two different commercial complete and balanced diets for 8 weeks. The ...
Shabayek M M - - 2000
Because of an increase in the number of elderly and the problems of nutrition associated with them, it is of interest to study the nutritional status of elderly persons in Alexandria City. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status of elderly population and to compare between ...
Omran M L - - 2000
Protein-energy malnutrition is a prevalent problem in older persons. Its relation to increased morbidity and mortality has been well documented. Early recognition of malnutrition allows for a timely intervention. A large proportion of chronic diseases affecting older persons can be either prevented or significantly improved by improving nutrition, which underscores ...
Hildebrand A J - - 2000
Denying food and water to profoundly impaired people who may not be conscious, or may only be "minimally" conscious, raises challenging ethical issues. While there is growing support for withdrawing/withholding food and water (assisted nutrition and hydration, or "AHN") from people described as being in a "persistent vegetative state" ("PVS") ...
- - 1999
This final rule amends regulations governing the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to allow State agencies the option to defer the collection of blood test data for up to 90 days after the date of certification, so long as the applicant is determined to have ...
Vautier F - - 1999
Malnutrition is frequently a predominant problem in disasters, and supplementary feeding programmes (SFPs) are often set up in food emergencies. This review analyses the effectiveness of such programmes in crisis situations in Liberia, Burundi and Goma (Congo), concluding that it is feasible to enrol large numbers of children in SFPs ...
Vodovotz Y - - 1999
In preparation for future planetary exploration, NASA-Johnson Space Center has developed a critical path plan for food and nutrition research needs. The plan highlights the risk factors pertaining to food and nutrition associated with exposure to the space flight environment as well as the possible consequences if no corrective measures ...
Kishnani P S - - 1999
The current mainstay of treatment in glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I) is dietary management that includes providing a frequent source of glucose to prevent hypoglycaemia. To ensure compliance, routine follow-up by a health care team, including a dietitian, experienced in the treatment of GSD is necessary. We describe ...
Nakatsuka H - - 1999
This study was carried out to determine whether the most recent nutritional improvements in Japanese farming villages were due to improvement in the diet of the young only or across all ages. Food duplicates for 24 h were collected. The number of food items and the adequacy of each nutrient ...
Ursini F - - 1999
The role of polyphenols in human nutrition is discussed on the basis of their redox chemistry, which accounts for the observed antioxidant effect and in turn for their protective effect against atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic data, together with experimental pathology and cell biology, support the recommendation that optimal nutrition should contain polyphenols ...
Motil K J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Feeding impairment frequently complicates the course of children with neurologic disorders and places them at risk for malnutrition and growth failure. Although feeding abnormalities have been reported in female patients with Rett syndrome, the mechanisms that account for these findings have not been elucidated fully. This study was designed ...
Epley D - - 1999
Nutrition, a critical requirement of all living organisms, involves several processes that must be maintained to sustain life. Nutrition consists of ingestion of food and fluid, digestion, absorption, distribution (transportation), utilization (metabolism), and excretion of the end products. Problems arise when the amount of various nutrients ingested is either deficient ...
Dillinger T L - - 1999
This article examines the use of supplemental food programs by two Native American populations and assesses some of the health and cultural impacts of these programs. A cross-sectional survey of 80 American Indian families, 40 families residing on the Round Valley Indian Reservation and 40 in Sacramento, California was conducted ...
Truswell A S - - 1999
The last Heelsum workshop agreed that general practitioners should concentrate on dietary advice for treatment or secondary prevention, though nutritional advice for health is part of the doctor's work with pregnancy, infants and the very old. Nutrition prescriptions contrast with drug prescriptions. For drugs information is authoritative, evidence-based and easily ...
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