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Kempson Kathryn K Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, - - 2003
This study's purposes were to identify food acquisition and management coping strategies used by limited-resource individuals to maintain food sufficiency, compare strategies named by the target audience to those previously identified by nutrition educators, and examine these strategies to advance grounded theory. Eleven focus groups, conducted with 62 limited-resource individuals, ...
Shai Iris - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To develop a nutritional dietary intake database based on available reliable international nutritional databases adapted to the local needs of a specific population. DESIGN: The Negev Nutritional Study (NNS) is a survey of a random sample of the Negev population regarding their dietary intake using 24-hour dietary recalls. A ...
Hubbard Sherry - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A varied nutrient intake provides the opportunity for an adequate nutrient intake balance while reducing malnutrition risks. When a food allergy diagnosis has been made, medical nutrition therapy with scheduled follow-up visits can provide a way to monitor the overall health effects of food elimination. Identifying individuals at risk ...
Clark Nancy - - 2003
Every 4 years, rowers from around the world compete in a 50- to 60-day trans-Atlantic rowing challenge. These ultra-distance rowers require a diet that provides adequate calories, protein, vitamins, minerals, and fluids so they can perform well day after day, minimize fatigue, and stay healthy. Yet, the rowers are confronted ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2003
The need for an evidence base for human nutrition action is analysed in the context of human rights. Over the last 50 years the twin tracks of development, economical needs based and normative rights based, have come progressively closer in terms of goals and objectives, even if they do maintain ...
Walker Andrew - - 2003
EC legislation requires the land to which free-range poultry have access to be 'mainly covered with vegetation', but the nature of this vegetation is not specified. In practice, most free-range land will be grass pasture. Modern poultry nutrition is a highly-developed science, and to house poultry in an environment in ...
Palmer Carole A - - 2003
The older dental patient can be at risk of poor nutrition for a variety of reasons including physiologic, oral, psychosocial, functional, and medical factors. Any decline in the ability to eat increases the risk of malnutrition. Oral impairments can affect diet and nutrition because of chances in the ability and ...
van Dillen Sonja M E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Consumers have been exposed to nutrition information from a variety of sources, including the family doctor. They are often not aware of their own risk behavior regarding nutrition. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess food associations, conversation topics, interest in food topics, and use of information sources by means ...
Cena Hellas - - 2003
The experience obtained in astronauts until now has revealed many nutritional problems during both short- and long-term missions that are still under investigation. When the manned space program evolves to the point where it involves a considerable number of people operating at great distances from the Earth for long periods ...
Cámara F - - 2003
Zinc is an essential trace element in human nutrition and its deficiency is a world nutritional problem. However, the zinc content of foods is low and its availability is conditioned by several physiologic and dietary factors. For that reason, the objective of the present work is to compile past and ...
Lutter Chessa K - - 2003
Large numbers of infants and young children suffer from the short- and long-term health effects of poor breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices. Strategies to improve the availability of and access to low-cost fortified complementary foods can play an important corresponding role to that of behavior change in improving nutritional status ...
Sunde Milton - - 2003
The spectacular increase in broiler consumption from the 1930s to now is almost a straight line. Improvements in nutrition information, better genetic stock that considers consumers' preferences, good nutritional values, industrial innovations, and the Chicken of Tomorrow Contest have all contributed to providing a lot of healthy chicken to the ...
Schnoll Roseanne - - 2003
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidetermined and complex, requiring a multifaceted treatment approach. Nutritional management is one aspect that has been relatively neglected to date. Nutritional factors such as food additives, refined sugars, food sensitivities/allergies, and fatty acid deficiencies have all been linked to ADHD. There is increasing evidence that ...
Englberger Lois - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-related disorders, including vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and chronic diseases, are serious problems in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Many suggest that these disorders are new problems related to dietary and lifestyle changes. In the past four decades, imported foods, such as white rice, flour, sugar, refined foods ...
Nestares Teresa - - 2003
The effects of the commonly used processing techniques of soaking (at different pH values) and cooking on the digestive and nutritive utilization of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium from common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) were studied. Before the cooking step, the beans were soaked in solutions of acid (2.6 and 5.3) ...
Corente Ch - - 2003
A unique (synapomorphic) characteristic of astigmatic mites is the heteromorphic deuteronymph also called hypopus. It is a non-feeding and facultative instar between protonymph and tritonymph. The hypopus is adapted for dispersal and sometimes also for dormancy, as in Lepidoglyphus destructor. The experiments reveal a correlation between the composition of the ...
Friedman Mendel - - 2003
A variety of methods are used to process foods: if they are not edible, to render them so; to permit storage; to alter texture and flavor; to destroy microorganisms and other toxins. These methods include heating (baking, cooking, frying, microwaving), freezing, and high pH. It is a paradox of nature ...
Rayner M J - - 2003
'Nutrition communication' can be defined as the process by which nutrition knowledge is converted into dietary change. Nutrition communication then includes nutrition education--the process by which people are informed, and sometimes empowered by, nutrition information--but also other actions taken to improve peoples' diets such as restricting misinformation about nutrition or ...
Bhatia Rita - - 2003
HUNGER LEAVES SCARS: The visible kind may be born by the survivors of famine. Less visible, but all the more damaging, are the long-term effects of hunger that run through families through generations. Hunger passed from mother to child represents a ruinous inheritance. It marks a cycle of hunger that ...
Simmons Sandra F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To measure family members' preferences for nutrition interventions to improve the oral food and fluid intake of their relatives in a nursing home. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. SETTING: Three skilled nursing facilities in Southern California. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred five residents from the three skilled nursing facilities and their respective family ...
Schroll Marianne - - 2003
To lay the groundwork for devising, improving and implementing strategies to prevent or delay the onset of disability in the elderly, a systematic literature review was conducted of longitudinal studies published between 1985 and 2001 that reported statistical significant associations between individual baseline nutritional risk factors and subsequent functional status ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2002
Changing demography towards older populations requires nutritionists to review food--health relationships in regard to older age groups, to the ageing process, to precursors of disability and survival, and to the changeability of health status through diet in later life. Nutritional status in later life may be complex with combined features ...
Kempson Kathryn M - - 2002
The food management practices used by people with limited resources to ensure food sufficiency have not been fully characterized. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 51 nutrition educators from the New Jersey Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Food Stamp Nutrition Education Program, regarding the food management practices of program ...
Siciliano Paul D - - 2002
Little is known regarding nutrient requirements and feeding of geriatric horses, and more effort should be placed on this area of equine nutrition research. That which is known suggests that some geriatric horses may not have different requirements than other mature horses, whereas others affected by disease or poor dentition ...
Delbeke Frans T - - 2002
Several precursors of testosterone and nandrolone introduced on the nutritional supplement market as performance enhancing drugs are banned in sports. Until now they are legally sold without a prescription in the US. Results of excretion studies with related compounds including 7-keto-DHEA and 1-androstenediol are presented. The main metabolites of 7-keto-DHEA ...
Dickey Vanessa C - - 2002
Rigorous assessments of program quality are uncommon in developing countries. We evaluated the quality of the two-week, volunteer-facilitated, caregiver-child rehabilitation "hearth," or nutrition education and rehabilitation program (NERP), sessions in Save the Children's integrated nutrition program in Viet Nam. Field workers observed attendance, food contribution, food preparation, meal consumption, health ...
Papakonstantinou Emilia - - 2002
Food labels can be used as a tool for nutrition education, but the information available is of little value to consumers who do not understand how to apply it. In an effort to assess nutrition knowledge and identify misconceptions, a group interactive system--the Perception Analyzer--was used as a lecture aid ...
Riley Marie E - - 2002
In the first part of this paper published in the June issue, the author presented her rationale for nutritional guidelines she produced and examined the effects of malnutrition, risk assessment, interventions available and the ethical considerations. This month she discusses choosing the right tube, ascertaining position, treatment regimens and common ...
Mason John B - - 2002
Policies for protecting the nutrition of displaced people (including refugees) have evolved significantly since the sharp increase in numbers began in the 1970s. Food supplies have often been grossly inadequate, probably contributing to the very high mortality rates and severe malnutrition observed in camps. These are related, in part, to ...
Tannhauser Pia P - - 2002
Nutrition in general, with infant and child nutrition in particular, have changed in the past century through altered farming practices and eating habits. Food intake in childhood can influence the expression of the genetic potential. In this paper it is attempted to show how childhood zinc deficiency, aggravated in puberty ...
Olsson Ulla - - 2002
Several studies have documented patients' intake of parenteral and enteral nutrition following gastrointestinal surgery. There is a lack of knowledge, however, regarding patients' experiences of intake of food and fluid following gastrointestinal surgery. The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences of their appetite, hunger, changes in weight, ...
Stefania Marconi
In tropical areas worldwide, more than 1000 terrestrial species of invertebrates are used as food. For populations of Amazonian areas, different species of insects and other invertebrates serve as nourishing food sources. Here, we document the composition and nutritional quality of some invertebrates consumed in Venezuelan Amazonia, including termites (Isoptera) ...
Devadas Rajammal P - - 2002
This presentation provides information on community-oriented action research conducted under the leadership of Dr. Rajammal P. Devadas, the recipient of the IUNS International Nutrition Award for 2001. Educating, activating, and energizing the community with empowerment have been the focus of the action-oriented research. In the four decades of work presented, ...
Johnson C S - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purposes were 1) to examine the level of nutritional risk among recently bereaved individuals, with or without intervention for grief resolution, and those in coupled relationships and 2) to examine the dietary issues faced by the three groups. METHODS: Twenty-two individuals from the above-mentioned categories were selected. Background ...
Ikeda Joanne P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To provide culturally appropriate nutrition education to improve the diets of Vietnamese women. DESIGN: A total of 152 homemakers were recruited to participate in a nutrition education project, with 76 receiving the intervention and 76 serving as the control group. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Non-English-speaking women eligible for the Special Supplemental Nutrition ...
Crockett Susan J. - - 2002
Nutrition scientists in the food industry use nutrition monitoring data in a variety of ways that include developing nutrition communications for consumers and health professionals, guiding product development and reformulation, and applying research applications. Continuous nutrition monitoring is essential to influence positively the nutrient content of the food supply and ...
Brown Jean K - - 2002
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and synthesize the evidence regarding cancer-related anorexia and cachexia symptom management and make recommendations for future directions. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CANCERLIT, CINAHL, Dissertation Abstracts, EBM Reviews--Best Evidence, EMBASE, and the Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects. Current overviews, clinical trials, systematic research reviews, and ...
King Janet C - - 2002
An evaluation of the efficacy of biofortified foods for improving human nutrition and health requires both laboratory- and community-based trials. A three-step process is proposed. First, tests of nutrient bioavailability should be conducted in the laboratory. Various genotypes of modified foods may be screened for bioavailability using in vitro cell-culture ...
Bacardi-Gascon M - - 2002
In Mexico, the food guide developed by The National Institute of Nutrition for the Mexican population is 'The Pyramid of Health'. In the northwestern Mexican state of Baja California, the Nutrition Institute of Baja California (INUBAC) developed and validated another food guide. This guide, named 'The Apple of Health', is ...
Henry C J K - - 2002
Developments in food technology and nutrition today are shaping our food supply in an unprecedented way. They have not only helped produce a variety of foods with varying taste and texture but also optimally retain the nutritional quality of food. Increased use of novel ingredients in the future manufacture of ...
Piironen, Vieno
COST Action 916: Bioactive plant cell wall components in nutrition and health. Proc. Eur. Sci. Conf. Bioactive Compounds in Plant Foods. Tenerife, 26 - 28 April 2001. Amado, R. et al. (eds), 197 - 198
Branca F - - 2002
Stunting is a process that can affect the development of a child from the early stages of conception and until the third or fourth year of life, when the nutrition of the mother and the child are essential determinants of growth. Failure to meet micronutrient requirements, a challenging environment and ...
Gaioni Dominic T - - 2002
The article deals with the nutritional habits of the people of Bauko, an upland community in the northern Philippine island of Luzon, and its implications for health preservation and disease management. Data on dietary behavior were collected through a 24-hour-recall survey administered to a representative sample of students and adults. ...
Kang Sukwon - - 2002
A management information system (MIS), including a database management system (DBMS) and a decision support system (DSS), was developed to dynamically analyze the variable nutritional content of foods grown and prepared in an Advanced Life Support System (ALSS) such as required for long-duration space missions. The DBMS was designed around ...
Worsley Anthony - - 2002
The status and explanatory role of nutrition knowledge is uncertain in public health nutrition. Much of the uncertainty about this area has been generated by conceptual confusion about the nature of knowledge and behaviours, and, nutrition knowledge and food behaviours in particular. So the paper describes several key concepts in ...
Pohlman H Darlene - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to determine if differences exist in the teaching of nutrition to students in grades one to four in rural (less than 10,000 population); midsized (10,000 to 99,999); and urban (100,000 or more) counties in Nebraska. Surveys were sent to one-fifth of educators teaching grades ...
Allison Simon - - 2002
Not only is there a high prevalence of malnutrition among the elderly admitted to hospital and other institutions, but nutritional status seems to decline during admission, not only as a result of disease but also problems with catering and feeding policies, which are not well-geared to the needs of the ...
Cannon Geoffrey - - 2002
The map of nutrition, evident in the structure of any course or textbook, derives from theses that framed a science begun in the 1840s, developed until the 1940s, and consolidated until now. Nutritionists now are as perplexed as the explorers of half a millennium ago, who continued to use maps ...
Freeland-Graves Jeanne - - 2002
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that all foods can fit into a healthful eating style. The ADA strives to communicate healthful eating messages to the public that emphasize the total diet, or overall pattern of food eaten, rather than any one food or meal. If consumed ...
Berry Elliot M - - 2002
The health of populations is related to the norms and characteristics of society and its socio-economic organization. The causes of food-related ill health are located at the national and international levels and the cure must be sought in good governance. Thus, it is obvious that a Master's Degree in International ...
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