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Results 301 - 350 of 819
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Hartwell Heather - - 2005
Food, nutrition and health are currently under scrutiny. British eating patterns have radically changed over the past few decades, with the emergence of a 'grazing', 'snacking' culture. Simultaneously, more food is eaten outside the home and therefore the nutritional composition of foods/meals provided by catering establishments is of increasing relevance ...
Driscoll David F - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The stability and compatibility of total parenteral nutrition mixtures compounded for patients requiring nutritional support is paramount to their safety on intravenous infusion. The most significant pharmaceutical issues associated with mixing total parenteral nutrition formulations affecting their safety involve the stability of lipid-injectable emulsions and the compatibility ...
McGanity William J - - 2005
Of the 48 nutrition surveys conducted by the ICNND/Office of International Research/CDC Nutrition Programs during the years 1956-1970, 20 were performed in North America. Native Americans were surveyed in Alaska in 1958 and in Montana in 1961. In partnership with INCAP (Institute for Central America and Panama), six Central American ...
Kuczmarski Marie Fanelli - - 2005
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that older Americans receive appropriate care; have broadened access to coordinated, comprehensive food and nutrition services; and receive the benefits of ongoing research to identify the most effective food and nutrition programs, interventions, and therapies across the spectrum of aging. Food ...
Slocombe Katie E - - 2005
Although food sharing is a habitual aspect of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) life, sharing of plant foods between unrelated adults is rare. Observations of such behavior have typically been interpreted as the outcome of a process by which individuals that are otherwise unable to gain access to the food manage to ...
Kennedy Eileen T - - 2005
Investment in agricultural research and major developments in the technology of food production have led to dramatic increases in food availability, not only in industrialized nations but also across the globe. In addition, significant gains in improving nutritional status have been made over the past fifty years. These changes are ...
Lapointe Annie - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern under free-living conditions on circulating oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) in a group of 71 healthy women from the Quebec City metropolitan area. The 12-wk nutritional intervention consisted of 2 courses on ...
Godoy Ricardo - - 2005
We analyze anthropometric variables of a society of forager-horticulturalists in the Bolivian Amazon (Tsimane') in 2001-2002. Community variables (e.g., inequality, social capital) explain little of the variance in anthropometric indices of nutritional status, but individual-level variables (schooling, wealth) are positively correlated with nutritional status. Dietary quality (foods high in animal ...
Callen Bonnie L - - 2005
Screening tools for detecting declining nutrition in community-dwelling old-old are few and problematic. The purpose of this study was to identify the leading risk factors associated with noninvasive measures of poor nutritional status among elders aged 80 or older still living independently in the community. This cross-sectional descriptive study included ...
Cordain Loren - - 2005
There is growing awareness that the profound changes in the environment (eg, in diet and other lifestyle conditions) that began with the introduction of agriculture and animal husbandry approximately 10000 y ago occurred too recently on an evolutionary time scale for the human genome to adjust. In conjunction with this ...
Wansink Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We assessed how consumption of a functional food relates to different combinations of nutritional knowledge. METHODS: American and Canadian subjects were asked by mail survey about their level of knowledge about soy and were assigned to one of four groups based on whether they had 1) no knowledge of ...
Stintzing Florian C - - 2005
Although traditionally used as a valuable health supporting nutrient, the vegetative parts of Opuntia spp. plants are scarcely used in modern nutrition and medicine. While all kinds of different Opuntia spp. have been studied, a systematic approach regarding the inter-relationships between the composition and the pre- and postharvest conditions is ...
Dannelly Jennifer McLeod - - 2005
Focus groups were used to gain insight into the nutrition-related attitudes and motivations of overweight African-American adolescents and young adults enrolled in the Atlanta Job Corps Center in preparation for designing an effective and culturally appropriate nutrition intervention for this population. Eighteen students and 18 staff members participated in six ...
Grando S - - 2005
Barley straw is commonly used as animal feed in many developing countries. Even a small increase in its nutritive value can have a large impact on animal production, and hence, on rural livelihood and human nutrition. Straw quality is strongly affected by environmental factors and is, therefore, difficult to improve ...
Lin Wei - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to understand knowledge about and general attitudes towards nutrition, dietary restriction attitudes, and dietary restriction behavior in the Taiwanese elderly, and the relationship of these various components to each other. Data from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (1999-2000) were used for ...
Hughes Robert G - - 2005
Pacific Island countries (PICs) are experiencing an epidemic of obesity and consequent chronic diseases. Despite investment in the development of National Plans of Action for Nutrition (NPANs) and interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity, nutritional status appears to show little improvement. This paper presents a synthesis of the ...
Köpke U - - 2005
Nutritional quality is defined as the value of the product for the consumer's physical health, growth, development, reproduction and psychological or emotional well-being. This extended definition of nutritional quality can be divided into two terms. One term is for the effects of food determined by its substance, i.e., the sum ...
Harrison Kristen - - 2005
The family diet is influenced by children's attitudes toward food, which in turn are influenced by television. In a panel study involving 134 children in 1st to 3rd grade, television viewing, nutritional knowledge, and nutritional reasoning were measured 6 weeks apart. Television viewing predicted subsequent decrements in nutritional knowledge and ...
Bowie Cameron - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The effect of food supplementation provided by the World Food Programme to patients and their families enrolled in a predominantly HIV/AIDS home based care programme in Bangwe Malawi is assessed. METHODS: The survival and nutritional status of patients and the nutritional status of their families recruited up to six ...
Keller Heather H - - 2005
Three years of process evaluation data are presented for Evergreen ActionNutrition food workshops conducted at an older adults' recreation center. Over a three-year period, 475 written evaluations of single and three-session series workshops were completed. Additionally, data were collected from four focus groups of older adult participants (n = 19). ...
Marquis Marie - - 2005
North Americans have a great interest in health and nutrition. However, because sources of nutrition information are vast, the quality of the information varies. We explored the potential benefit of segmenting the Canadian population by geographical location and age in determining the principal sources of nutrition information and level of ...
Abarca Jacob - - 2005
Community indicators are used to measure and monitor factors that affect the well-being of a community or region. Community indicators can be used to assess nutrition. Evaluating nutrition in communities along the Arizona-Mexico border is important because nutrition is related to an individual's risk of overweight or obesity; obesity is ...
Kuhnlein Harriet V - - 2004
Karat banana, pulque prepared from Agave species, and gac fruit are three traditional local food items recently studied intensively for their nutrition potential among traditional and indigenous peoples, and are examples of how local food-based strategies can be used to ensure micronutrient nutrition. Successful health promotion and intervention programs emphasizing ...
Bagchi K - - 2004
It is anticipated that humanitarian crisis situations will continue to occur in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region affecting large segments of vulnerable populations. Subsequently the magnitude and effectiveness of the humanitarian response, particularly for food and nutrition, must be based on best practices and sound information of affected populations. ...
Derman Orhan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) associated symptoms and effects of nutrition on PMS in adolescent girls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-one adolescent girls who had menstrual cycles were included in this study. They were given a questionnaire on criteria for PMS, dysmenorrhea and regularity ...
Lassen Karin O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many patients do not eat and drink sufficiently during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this under nutrition include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The aim of the study was 1) to introduce intervention targeting nutritional care for medical inpatients, 2) to investigate the effect of ...
Young Laura - - 2004
Within the field of nutrition education, social marketing has become a promising framework to systematically approach problems related to nutrition behavior. In 1997, the Colorado Nutrition Network began developing a social marketing campaign to promote healthful food choices among low-income Coloradans. A multifaceted formative evaluation plan that included focus groups, ...
Spiegel Paul B PB International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, National Center for Environmental Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga, USA. - - 2004
During 1999 and 2000, approximately 10 million people were affected by famine in Ethiopia. Results of nutrition assessments and surveys conducted by humanitarian organizations were used by donors and government agencies to determine needs for food aid and to make other decisions on geographic allocation of limited resources; however, accurate ...
Goulet Julie - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern in free-living conditions on LDL electrophoretic characteristics in a group of seventy-one healthy women, aged between 30 and 65 years. The 12-week nutritional intervention consisted of two courses on nutrition ...
Davis Cindy D - - 2004
While dietary habits continue to surface as a significant factor that may influence cancer incidence and tumor behavior, there is considerable scientific uncertainty about who will benefit most. Adequate [corrected] knowledge about how the responses depend on an individual's genetic background (nutrigenetic effects), the cumulative effects of food components on ...
Smith Scott M - - 2004
Ground-based analogs of spaceflight are an important means of studying physiologic and nutritional changes associated with space travel, and the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations V (NEEMO) is such an analog. To determine whether saturation diving has nutrition-related effects similar to those of spaceflight, we conducted a clinical nutritional assessment ...
Hickson M - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The measurement of quality of life adds a holistic dimension to the assessment of a clinical state or the response to an intervention. The relationship between quality of life and nutritional status is not well studied. This study aimed to investigate this relationship in a group of ...
Miklos Elizabeth A - - 2004
The purpose of the study detailed in this article was to identify nutritional excesses and deficiencies of selected dietary nutrients for a sample of low-income African American mothers and their daughters. Anthropometrics, physical activity questionnaires, food frequency questionnaires, and 24-hour food recalls were collected from a sample of 108 African ...
Herz V - - 2004
A captive-bred white lion cub was presented with hindquarter pain, lameness and reluctance to move. Radiographs revealed generalised osteoapenia, multiple fractures, a severely collapsed pelvic girdle, bilateral lateral bowing of the scapulae and mild kyphosis of the caudal vertebrae. A double cortical line, a distinct sign of osteopaenia, was repeatedly ...
- - 2004
Sweeteners elicit pleasurable sensations with (nutritive) or without (nonnutritive) energy. Nutritive sweeteners (eg, sucrose, fructose) are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), yet concern exists about increasing sweetener intakes relative to optimal nutrition and health. Dietary quality suffers at intakes above 25% of total ...
Hindin Toby J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a media literacy nutrition education curriculum about the effects of television advertising on children's food choices influenced the behavior, attitudes, and knowledge of Head Start parents. SUBJECTS: Participants were a convenience sample of 35 parents from Head Start programs. DESIGN: This study used a pretest-posttest, comparison ...
Burrowes Jerrilynn D - - 2004
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT), nutrition education, and counseling are essential components for effective management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Patients with ESKD have to alter their diets and to implement new eating behaviors, sometimes irrespective of ethnic and cultural food preferences because of their high content of specific nutrients. Ethnic ...
Mark Mark L - - 2004
There has been a rapid and remarkable recovery in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, during the 1990s, of a distinctive cuisine whose origins can be traced back to, at least, the building of the Grand Canal between Beijing and Hangzhou in the 600s AD and the stimulus to trade and migration, ...
Cho Yong Pil - - 2004
We encountered a case of total parenteral nutrition-associated lactic acidosis that did not respond to sodium bicarbonate or other conventional emergency treatments. He was characterized by minimal food intake before surgery, delayed gastric emptying after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy due to pancreas head cancer and long-term total parenteral nutrition without food intake ...
Vincent John B - - 2004
Chromium is generally believed to be an essential trace element and to have a role in maintaining proper carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, probably by enhancing insulin signaling. Three recent events have strongly influenced biochemical and nutritional studies of Cr(III): (1) the Food and Nutrition Board's new daily adequate intake (AI) ...
AiZhen Zhang - - 2004
Cuisine is an activity that meets human physical and psychological needs. With the development of civilization, cuisine is an important component of culture and includes the dietary profession. However, each nation or each area has its own characteristic cuisine. There are eight major styles of Chinese cuisine, Hangzhou style is ...
Bates C J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mentally impaired older people are frequently excluded from population surveys for practical reasons; thus their nutritional characteristics are poorly delineated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional characteristics of those who, through mental impairment, were considered to require proxy consent and/or proxy information-givers, within a National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) ...
Rosenbloom Christine A - - 2004
Providing relevant nutrition education at federally funded senior centers is one way of increasing nutrition knowledge of older adults. The purpose of this study was to present three nutrition education sessions on the revised Food Guide Pyramid, dietary protein, and dietary fiber to older adults at six senior centers in ...
Erlich Rita - - 2004
The distinctive qualities of the cuisine of Hangzhou are the result of its geographical situation, which provided good soils, reliable rainfall, a lake that has been a water source and renowned beauty spot for centuries. The rich water-sources facilitated the development of gastronomy, agriculture, trade and administration, especially after it ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2004
Nutrition risk screening is a key component of the homedelivered meals program. To examine direct and indirect relationships among individual components of nutrition risk, path analysis was conducted on routinely collected data from 908 homebound elders who received home-delivered meals. The good fit of the model revealed that specific nutrition ...
Lipoeto Nur I - - 2004
Indonesia, like many developing countries, is experiencing a rapid urbanisation characterised by double burden of disease in which non communicable diseases become more prevalent while infectious diseases remain undefeated. This report describes the nutrition transition which occurred to Indonesia after economic transformation in 1966, based on information gathered from published ...
Sharpless Katherine E - - 2004
Well-characterized reference materials are needed by laboratories in the food testing and nutrition communities to facilitate compliance with nutritional labeling laws, to provide traceability for food exports needed for acceptance in many foreign markets, and to improve the accuracy of nutrition information that is provided to assist consumers in making ...
Gillies Peter J - - 2003
The success of the Human Genome Project and the powerful tools of molecular biology have ushered in a new era of medicine and nutrition. The pharmaceutical industry expects to leverage data from the Human Genome Project to develop new drugs based on the genetic constitution of the patient; likewise, the ...
Gedrich Kurt - - 2003
Nutritional behaviour is framed by biological, anthropological, economic, psychological, socio-cultural, and home economics related determinants and it is shaped by the individual situation. From a public health point of view, the outcome is often unsatisfactory, because it is associated with preventable cases of various diseases. This situation evoked the founding ...
Beeton RJS - - 2003
Nutrition is an integrating discipline that draws on a diverse range of reductionist disciplines. It embraces biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, psychology, physiology and epidemiology to name a few. The benefits of the discipline for humans lie in the efficient production of food and its intelligent use by consumers. Food is ...
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