Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 803
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Köpke U - - 2005
Nutritional quality is defined as the value of the product for the consumer's physical health, growth, development, reproduction and psychological or emotional well-being. This extended definition of nutritional quality can be divided into two terms. One term is for the effects of food determined by its substance, i.e., the sum ...
Harrison Kristen - - 2005
The family diet is influenced by children's attitudes toward food, which in turn are influenced by television. In a panel study involving 134 children in 1st to 3rd grade, television viewing, nutritional knowledge, and nutritional reasoning were measured 6 weeks apart. Television viewing predicted subsequent decrements in nutritional knowledge and ...
Bowie Cameron - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The effect of food supplementation provided by the World Food Programme to patients and their families enrolled in a predominantly HIV/AIDS home based care programme in Bangwe Malawi is assessed. METHODS: The survival and nutritional status of patients and the nutritional status of their families recruited up to six ...
Keller Heather H - - 2005
Three years of process evaluation data are presented for Evergreen ActionNutrition food workshops conducted at an older adults' recreation center. Over a three-year period, 475 written evaluations of single and three-session series workshops were completed. Additionally, data were collected from four focus groups of older adult participants (n = 19). ...
Marquis Marie - - 2005
North Americans have a great interest in health and nutrition. However, because sources of nutrition information are vast, the quality of the information varies. We explored the potential benefit of segmenting the Canadian population by geographical location and age in determining the principal sources of nutrition information and level of ...
Abarca Jacob - - 2005
Community indicators are used to measure and monitor factors that affect the well-being of a community or region. Community indicators can be used to assess nutrition. Evaluating nutrition in communities along the Arizona-Mexico border is important because nutrition is related to an individual's risk of overweight or obesity; obesity is ...
Kuhnlein Harriet V - - 2004
Karat banana, pulque prepared from Agave species, and gac fruit are three traditional local food items recently studied intensively for their nutrition potential among traditional and indigenous peoples, and are examples of how local food-based strategies can be used to ensure micronutrient nutrition. Successful health promotion and intervention programs emphasizing ...
Bagchi K - - 2004
It is anticipated that humanitarian crisis situations will continue to occur in countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region affecting large segments of vulnerable populations. Subsequently the magnitude and effectiveness of the humanitarian response, particularly for food and nutrition, must be based on best practices and sound information of affected populations. ...
Derman Orhan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) associated symptoms and effects of nutrition on PMS in adolescent girls. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-one adolescent girls who had menstrual cycles were included in this study. They were given a questionnaire on criteria for PMS, dysmenorrhea and regularity ...
Lassen Karin O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Many patients do not eat and drink sufficiently during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this under nutrition include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The aim of the study was 1) to introduce intervention targeting nutritional care for medical inpatients, 2) to investigate the effect of ...
Young Laura - - 2004
Within the field of nutrition education, social marketing has become a promising framework to systematically approach problems related to nutrition behavior. In 1997, the Colorado Nutrition Network began developing a social marketing campaign to promote healthful food choices among low-income Coloradans. A multifaceted formative evaluation plan that included focus groups, ...
Spiegel Paul B - - 2004
CONTEXT: During 1999 and 2000, approximately 10 million people were affected by famine in Ethiopia. Results of nutrition assessments and surveys conducted by humanitarian organizations were used by donors and government agencies to determine needs for food aid and to make other decisions on geographic allocation of limited resources; however, ...
Goulet Julie - - 2004
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern in free-living conditions on LDL electrophoretic characteristics in a group of seventy-one healthy women, aged between 30 and 65 years. The 12-week nutritional intervention consisted of two courses on nutrition ...
Davis Cindy D - - 2004
While dietary habits continue to surface as a significant factor that may influence cancer incidence and tumor behavior, there is considerable scientific uncertainty about who will benefit most. Adequate [corrected] knowledge about how the responses depend on an individual's genetic background (nutrigenetic effects), the cumulative effects of food components on ...
Smith Scott M - - 2004
Ground-based analogs of spaceflight are an important means of studying physiologic and nutritional changes associated with space travel, and the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations V (NEEMO) is such an analog. To determine whether saturation diving has nutrition-related effects similar to those of spaceflight, we conducted a clinical nutritional assessment ...
Hickson M - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The measurement of quality of life adds a holistic dimension to the assessment of a clinical state or the response to an intervention. The relationship between quality of life and nutritional status is not well studied. This study aimed to investigate this relationship in a group of ...
Miklos Elizabeth A - - 2004
The purpose of the study detailed in this article was to identify nutritional excesses and deficiencies of selected dietary nutrients for a sample of low-income African American mothers and their daughters. Anthropometrics, physical activity questionnaires, food frequency questionnaires, and 24-hour food recalls were collected from a sample of 108 African ...
Herz V - - 2004
A captive-bred white lion cub was presented with hindquarter pain, lameness and reluctance to move. Radiographs revealed generalised osteoapenia, multiple fractures, a severely collapsed pelvic girdle, bilateral lateral bowing of the scapulae and mild kyphosis of the caudal vertebrae. A double cortical line, a distinct sign of osteopaenia, was repeatedly ...
- - 2004
Sweeteners elicit pleasurable sensations with (nutritive) or without (nonnutritive) energy. Nutritive sweeteners (eg, sucrose, fructose) are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), yet concern exists about increasing sweetener intakes relative to optimal nutrition and health. Dietary quality suffers at intakes above 25% of total ...
Hindin Toby J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a media literacy nutrition education curriculum about the effects of television advertising on children's food choices influenced the behavior, attitudes, and knowledge of Head Start parents. SUBJECTS: Participants were a convenience sample of 35 parents from Head Start programs. DESIGN: This study used a pretest-posttest, comparison ...
Burrowes Jerrilynn D - - 2004
Medical nutrition therapy (MNT), nutrition education, and counseling are essential components for effective management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Patients with ESKD have to alter their diets and to implement new eating behaviors, sometimes irrespective of ethnic and cultural food preferences because of their high content of specific nutrients. Ethnic ...
Mark Mark L - - 2004
There has been a rapid and remarkable recovery in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, during the 1990s, of a distinctive cuisine whose origins can be traced back to, at least, the building of the Grand Canal between Beijing and Hangzhou in the 600s AD and the stimulus to trade and migration, ...
Cho Yong Pil - - 2004
We encountered a case of total parenteral nutrition-associated lactic acidosis that did not respond to sodium bicarbonate or other conventional emergency treatments. He was characterized by minimal food intake before surgery, delayed gastric emptying after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy due to pancreas head cancer and long-term total parenteral nutrition without food intake ...
Vincent John B - - 2004
Chromium is generally believed to be an essential trace element and to have a role in maintaining proper carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, probably by enhancing insulin signaling. Three recent events have strongly influenced biochemical and nutritional studies of Cr(III): (1) the Food and Nutrition Board's new daily adequate intake (AI) ...
AiZhen Zhang - - 2004
Cuisine is an activity that meets human physical and psychological needs. With the development of civilization, cuisine is an important component of culture and includes the dietary profession. However, each nation or each area has its own characteristic cuisine. There are eight major styles of Chinese cuisine, Hangzhou style is ...
Bates C J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mentally impaired older people are frequently excluded from population surveys for practical reasons; thus their nutritional characteristics are poorly delineated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the nutritional characteristics of those who, through mental impairment, were considered to require proxy consent and/or proxy information-givers, within a National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) ...
Rosenbloom Christine A - - 2004
Providing relevant nutrition education at federally funded senior centers is one way of increasing nutrition knowledge of older adults. The purpose of this study was to present three nutrition education sessions on the revised Food Guide Pyramid, dietary protein, and dietary fiber to older adults at six senior centers in ...
Erlich Rita - - 2004
The distinctive qualities of the cuisine of Hangzhou are the result of its geographical situation, which provided good soils, reliable rainfall, a lake that has been a water source and renowned beauty spot for centuries. The rich water-sources facilitated the development of gastronomy, agriculture, trade and administration, especially after it ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2004
Nutrition risk screening is a key component of the homedelivered meals program. To examine direct and indirect relationships among individual components of nutrition risk, path analysis was conducted on routinely collected data from 908 homebound elders who received home-delivered meals. The good fit of the model revealed that specific nutrition ...
Lipoeto Nur I - - 2004
Indonesia, like many developing countries, is experiencing a rapid urbanisation characterised by double burden of disease in which non communicable diseases become more prevalent while infectious diseases remain undefeated. This report describes the nutrition transition which occurred to Indonesia after economic transformation in 1966, based on information gathered from published ...
Sharpless Katherine E - - 2004
Well-characterized reference materials are needed by laboratories in the food testing and nutrition communities to facilitate compliance with nutritional labeling laws, to provide traceability for food exports needed for acceptance in many foreign markets, and to improve the accuracy of nutrition information that is provided to assist consumers in making ...
Gillies Peter J - - 2003
The success of the Human Genome Project and the powerful tools of molecular biology have ushered in a new era of medicine and nutrition. The pharmaceutical industry expects to leverage data from the Human Genome Project to develop new drugs based on the genetic constitution of the patient; likewise, the ...
Gedrich Kurt - - 2003
Nutritional behaviour is framed by biological, anthropological, economic, psychological, socio-cultural, and home economics related determinants and it is shaped by the individual situation. From a public health point of view, the outcome is often unsatisfactory, because it is associated with preventable cases of various diseases. This situation evoked the founding ...
Beeton RJS - - 2003
Nutrition is an integrating discipline that draws on a diverse range of reductionist disciplines. It embraces biochemistry, molecular biology, microbiology, psychology, physiology and epidemiology to name a few. The benefits of the discipline for humans lie in the efficient production of food and its intelligent use by consumers. Food is ...
Cox Ruby H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative cost-effectiveness of a self-administered video series in delivering nutrition education to low-income homemakers. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design was used, with subjects randomly assigned to traditional lessons (Traditional Group) or video lessons (Video Group). SUBJECTS/SETTING: 108 subjects were recruited, with 93 nonpregnant, low-income, female homemakers completing ...
Allen Lindsay H - - 2003
There has been an evolution in our understanding of the causes of undernutrition and of the nutrition intervention programs that should be prioritized. This article discusses why nutrition programs have shifted their primary emphasis from control of protein deficiency, to energy deficiency, and now to micronutrient deficiencies. It has become ...
Hop Le Thi le - - 2003
The objective of this paper is to review programs to improve production of animal source foods in Vietnam, emphasizing the VAC ecosystem and trends in undernutrition during past decades. The food consumption surveys of the Vietnamese population in 1985 showed that food intake was inadequate, especially animal protein. Most protein ...
Buckner Sarah - - 2003
Food, eating, and quality of life are intimately related. Available generic and disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instruments address nutrition only with respect to the ability to eat and omit more dynamic components of nutrition such as sensory enjoyment of food and food intake. For improved assessment and monitoring ...
Leitzmann Claus - - 2003
Nutrition ecology is an interdisciplinary scientific discipline that encompasses the entire nutrition system, with special consideration of the effects of nutrition on health, the environment, society, and the economy. Nutrition ecology involves all components of the food chain, including production, harvesting, preservation, storage, transport, processing, packaging, trade, distribution, preparation, composition, ...
Goulet Julie - - 2003
The present study examined the effect of a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern in uncontrolled 'real life' conditions among a group of 77 French-Canadian women. The principal objective was to document changes in the plasma lipid-lipoprotein profile and in body weight that occurred in response to the intervention. ...
Hall Lynda - - 2003
The purposes of this study were to examine the barriers to eating well experienced by women with physical disabilities and the services required to improve eating habits. Participants (mean age=48.9, SD=14.4) completed a questionnaire on health promotion behaviours (n=1096), which included a section on nutrition-related behaviours. Of the 31.8% who ...
Hoffmann Ingrid - - 2003
The reductionist approach has traditionally been and continues today as the dominant approach in nutrition research. This means that parts of diet rather than the whole, or single food components rather than food habits, are studied. Even though much progress has been made with this approach, the relationship between diet ...
Stang Jamie - - 2003
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that all children and adolescents, regardless of age; gender; socioeconomic status; racial, ethnic, or linguistic diversity; or health status should have access to food and nutrition programs that ensure the availability of a safe and adequate food supply that promotes optimal ...
Kempson Kathryn K Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, - - 2003
This study's purposes were to identify food acquisition and management coping strategies used by limited-resource individuals to maintain food sufficiency, compare strategies named by the target audience to those previously identified by nutrition educators, and examine these strategies to advance grounded theory. Eleven focus groups, conducted with 62 limited-resource individuals, ...
Shai Iris - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To develop a nutritional dietary intake database based on available reliable international nutritional databases adapted to the local needs of a specific population. DESIGN: The Negev Nutritional Study (NNS) is a survey of a random sample of the Negev population regarding their dietary intake using 24-hour dietary recalls. A ...
Hubbard Sherry - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A varied nutrient intake provides the opportunity for an adequate nutrient intake balance while reducing malnutrition risks. When a food allergy diagnosis has been made, medical nutrition therapy with scheduled follow-up visits can provide a way to monitor the overall health effects of food elimination. Identifying individuals at risk ...
Clark Nancy - - 2003
Every 4 years, rowers from around the world compete in a 50- to 60-day trans-Atlantic rowing challenge. These ultra-distance rowers require a diet that provides adequate calories, protein, vitamins, minerals, and fluids so they can perform well day after day, minimize fatigue, and stay healthy. Yet, the rowers are confronted ...
Shrimpton Roger - - 2003
The need for an evidence base for human nutrition action is analysed in the context of human rights. Over the last 50 years the twin tracks of development, economical needs based and normative rights based, have come progressively closer in terms of goals and objectives, even if they do maintain ...
Walker Andrew - - 2003
EC legislation requires the land to which free-range poultry have access to be 'mainly covered with vegetation', but the nature of this vegetation is not specified. In practice, most free-range land will be grass pasture. Modern poultry nutrition is a highly-developed science, and to house poultry in an environment in ...
Palmer Carole A - - 2003
The older dental patient can be at risk of poor nutrition for a variety of reasons including physiologic, oral, psychosocial, functional, and medical factors. Any decline in the ability to eat increases the risk of malnutrition. Oral impairments can affect diet and nutrition because of chances in the ability and ...
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