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Yates Allison A - - 2006
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is currently reviewing regulations on nutrition labeling to better address current health issues as well as updating nutrient daily values (DVs), most of which are still based on recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) established in 1968. In 2003 the Committee on Use of Dietary Reference ...
Sauerwein H P - - 2007
Different nutritional outcome studies on the same subject can have vast differences in composition of the chosen food without justification, suggesting that the composition of "optimal" nutrition in patients is not known or that optimal nutrition does not exist. The result will be negative studies which reinforces the existing impression ...
Nguyen Simone P - - 2007
This study explores how children evaluatively categorize foods based on their nutritional value. Three-year-olds, four-year-olds, seven-year-olds, and adults completed a task in which they categorized a list of 70 foods as healthy or junky. The results showed important developmental differences in participants' ability to accurately classify foods as healthy/junky and ...
T. Y. TUNDE AKINTUNDE
Kunnu, a beverage popular among the Northern Nigerians has a low protein value because it is made from cereals. This may have a negative effect on the nutritional status of the people who drink it, especially on the growth rate of infants who are given kunnu as a weaning drink. ...
Martindale Robert G - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perioperative nutrition has been extensively studied, but numerous questions remain unanswered. This review focuses on new developments in nutrient delivery in the immediate perioperative period. Issues specifically addressed include which patients are most likely to benefit from perioperative nutritional supplementation, and the optimal route, timing, and quantity ...
Morón Cecilio - - 2006
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations promotes nutrition interventions considering food as the basis for action, given the strategic role of food and the agricultural sector to improve food security for the community; thus, a large number of people, especially the poor, who participate directly or indirectly ...
Novak Masuma - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To explore the nutritional quality of supplementary foods and additional energy consumption by the recipients in a pilot nutrition initiative of BRAC. DESIGN: In-depth interviews, observations during feeding at feeding centres, and laboratory analyses of supplementary foods for nutrient contents performed at the Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, ...
Egal Florence - - 2006
High prevalence of malnutrition is often linked to conflict situations. Conflicts affect local livelihoods, impair productive activities and limit access to safe foods and basic services. Strategies to protect and promote nutrition of affected households and communities must be based on an understanding of this impact. While nutrition rehabilitation and ...
Rothman Jessica M - - 2006
Foods eaten by gorillas (Gorilla beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP), Uganda, were analyzed for their nutrient content. The goal of the study was to assess the amounts of fiber, protein, and sugars in the foods eaten by the Bwindi gorillas, and to determine whether condensed tannins and cyanide ...
Sajnani-Oommen Gina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the provision of and attitudes toward nutritional counseling between pediatricians and pediatric dentists. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to 500 US members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Academy of Pediatrics. RESULTS: The survey had a response rate ...
Conti Kibbe M - - 2006
The disruption of the traditional food systems of Native Americans is generally believed to have contributed to the epidemic levels of type 2 diabetes and obesity present on U.S. Indian reservations today. Tribes are increasingly engaged in disease prevention and health promotion efforts including restoring components of their traditional food ...
Ashwell Margaret - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The National Diet and Nutrition Surveys (NDNS) are a series of government-funded surveys of food intake, nutrient intake and nutritional status of individuals, undertaken to support nutritional policy and risk assessment. This paper summarises a review that considered the extent to which NDNS met the needs of users and ...
Gura Kathleen M - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates recent developments concerning aluminium contamination of products used in the preparation of parenteral nutrition solutions and the failure of the pharmaceutical industry to respond to these concerns. The difficulty in meeting the intent of the recent US Food and Drug Administration mandate to reduce ...
Astrup Arne - - 2006
The Danish story started with the publication of Willett's Lancet paper in 1993, and ended when industrially produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) were reduced at the Danish market following a ban in 2003. The Danish Nutrition Council, established in 1992, was the driving force behind a campaign that convinced Danish ...
Fernández San Juan P M - - 2006
The different dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish schoolchildren have been analyzed. Nutrition affects health throughout the life cycle, and it is best to begin to prevent harm early on. Habits are formed early in life, and habits are a major determinant of food choice in later life. Two ...
Soini Helena - - 2006
This study describes the nutritional status of Finnish home care patients (n=178), their problems related to eating, digestion, and diet; their use of Meals on Wheels services; and informal caregivers' role in nutritional support. Half of the patients were at risk for malnutrition and 3% were malnourished according to Mini ...
O'Dougherty Maureen - - 2006
PURPOSE: This pilot study examined nutrition-related attitudes that may affect food choices at fast-food restaurants, including consumer attitudes toward nutrition labeling of fast foods and elimination of value size pricing. METHODS: A convenience sample of 79 fast-food restaurant patrons aged 16 and above (78.5% white, 55% female, mean age 41.2 ...
Hassel Craig A - - 2006
The Woodlands Wisdom Nutrition Project represents a proactive approach of Tribal Colleges to address food and health concerns of indigenous communities. Befitting the unique mission of Tribal Colleges, Woodlands Wisdom has created a food and nutrition curriculum where local tribal culture and knowledge interfaces with nutrition science principles. A conceptual ...
Wootan Margo G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although obesity and poor dietary habits are complex multifactorial problems, away-from-home food has been identified as one likely and important contributor. Restaurants provide a growing and substantial portion of the average American's diet, yet the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA), which went into effect in 1994, explicitly exempts ...
- - 2006
Most preventable deaths among hungry people take place outside of emergency contexts. In countries not involved in conflicts or natural disasters malnutrition is directly implicated in the deaths of millions of children and mothers each year. Thus, WFP's great efforts focused on saving lives in emergencies should be mirrored by ...
Trujillo Elaine - - 2006
The human genome is estimated to encode over 30,000 genes, and to be responsible for generating more than 100,000 functionally distinct proteins. Understanding the interrelationships among genes, gene products, and dietary habits is fundamental to identifying those who will benefit most from or be placed at risk by intervention strategies. ...
- - 2006
WFP and its partners have made significant strides in the last decade towards tackling malnutrition in emergencies. Since malnutrition is an important determinant of mortality, food interventions play a key role in saving lives through their impact on the nutrition and health of affected populations. Humanitarian interventions aiming to prevent ...
Dernini Sandro - - 2006
The Forum on Mediterranean Food Cultures has the purpose to foster an interdisciplinary dialogue to acknowledge the underestimated role of the Mediterranean diet and of the Mediterranean food cultures for an effective sustainable development in the Mediterranean. It is addressed towards the achievement of food security and a broader nutritional ...
Bruhn Christine - - 2006
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that agricultural and food biotechnology techniques can enhance the quality, safety, nutritional value, and variety of food available for human consumption and increase the efficiency of food production, food processing, food distribution, and environmental and waste management. The American Dietetic Association ...
Pekcan Gülden G Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Division of Community Nutrition, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2006
The aim of the present paper is to describe the development of the National Plan of Action for Food and Nutrition (NPAFN) for Turkey. Access to a safe and healthy variety of food, a fundamental human right, was stressed by the International Conference on Nutrition and by the World Food ...
Poutanen, Kaisa
The 24th International Symposium on Diabetes and Nutrition. Naples, Italy, 29 June - 1 July
Ahye Brenda A - - 2006
This grounded theory investigation aimed to understand intergenerational family roles and the food management strategies of African American women from a social-ecological perspective. Thirty women from 10 low/moderate-income 3-generation urban families participated in interviews covering roles, health, nutrition, and food management strategies. Four dynamic family systems for managing food and ...
Guthrie Joanne F - - 2006
Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE) is an optional component of the Food Stamp Program aimed at improving food choices of program participants. The last decade has seen a dramatic expansion in FSNE, accompanied by increased interest in FSNE evaluation. The Society for Nutrition Education, as a leader in nutrition education ...
Milner John A - - 2006
Evidence continues to mount that dietary components are important determinants of cancer risk and tumor behavior. Although these linkages are fascinating, numerous inconsistencies are also evident in the literature. Although multifactorial, these discrepancies likely reflect variation in the ability of food constituents to reach and/or modify critical molecular targets. Genetic ...
Nasirpour Ali - - 2006
Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2006
The purpose of this article is to clarify the nutritional recommendations for pregnant women in light of the new Food Guide Pyramid, known as "MyPyramid," along with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 and recommendations by the Institute of Medicine. The differences between the Food Guide Pyramid (introduced in 1992) ...
Zafra María A - - 2006
The cephalic phase of nutrition refers to a set of food intake-associated autonomic and endocrine responses to the stimulation of sensory systems mainly located in the oropharyngeal cavity. These reactions largely occur in the digestive system, but they have also been observed in other structures. Most published data indicate that ...
Hyland Robert M - - 2006
This study aimed to evaluate the use of peer educators in nutrition interventions with older people. A sample of 22 people aged 60+ were recruited and trained using an accredited course for Community Nutrition Assistants which included basic nutrition and group skills. They were paid to work as peer educators ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine what food and nutrition-related learning takes place in collective kitchens (CKs) in three Canadian cities. METHODS: Semi-participant observation and in-depth interviews were conducted with CK participants and leaders. Major nutrition-related themes that emerged were categorized and integrated to form a picture of how food-related knowledge and behaviours ...
Assantachai Prasert - - 2006
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between alternative anthropometric indices and the nutritional and metabolic status of the Thai elderly. Four rural communities, each from the 4 main regions of Thailand were surveyed. A total of 2,324 subjects, 60 years old and over were included in the study. Mindex and ...
Wirshing Donna A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to educate inpatients with psychotic disorders, many of whom were taking second-generation antipsychotics, about lifestyle changes they can make to combat weight gain. METHOD: All inpatients on a Veterans Affairs acute inpatient schizophrenia treatment unit were invited to a 30-minute, didactic presentation given ...
Townsend Marilyn S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Examine effectiveness of a state's Youth Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and assess the validity of the federal impact indicator method for reporting program outcomes. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled field trial of 229 groups with 5,111 youth, 9-12 years old, in community settings. INTERVENTION: 6- to 8- ...
Olayiwola Ibiyemi Olasunbo - - 2006
Three hundred and five Nigerian elderly from the Yoruba tribe of both rural and urban areas in the south Western zone of Nigeria were studied. The objective was to assess their nutritional status and identify indicators of nutritional vulnerability. Using a structured household questionnaire, anthropometric measurement and checklist of nutritional ...
Lanerolle Pulani - - 2006
Dietary diversification has been identified as a sustainable intervention method in developing countries where subclinical vitamin A deficiency exists. Nutrition education is central to all methods of nutrition intervention including dietary diversification. The paucity of available data currently limits the effective use of nutrition education in national programs in Sri ...
Fabiansson Stefan U - - 2006
Nutrition labels guide consumers in making their food choice. New requirements for mandatory nutrition labelling have been in force in Australia since late 2002. The present study, analysing 350 samples comprising 70 different products for nutritional compounds declared on the label, is the first larger attempt to quantify the precision ...
Asp, NG; Lund University ...
No Abstract.<BR><BR><I>South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition</I> Vol. 18(2) 2005: 98-101
Strolla Leslie O - - 2006
More effective nutrition education to reach low-income and ethnic minority populations is needed. As part of a project to develop a tailored nutrition education intervention to meet the needs of low-income Hispanics and non-Hispanics, complementary, mixed methods of formative research were used to determine specific characteristics of the target population. ...
Yoosuf Abdul Azeez - - 2005
This is a summary of the presentations and discussion of Panel 2.11, Food Security and Nutrition of the Conference, Health Aspects of the Tsunami Disaster in Asia, convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Phuket, Thailand, 04-06 May 2005. The topics discussed included issues related to food security and ...
Heneman Karrie - - 2005
This study determined whether a "Contract for Change" goal-setting exercise enhanced the effectiveness of the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education/Food Stamp Nutrition Education programs to increase produce consumption in low-income (<130% of poverty) women after 4 weeks. Thirty-eight participants were randomized in this three-group parallel arm study: (a) control group ...
Takeda Eiji - - 2005
Severe and prolonged stress exposure impairs homeostatic mechanisms, particularly associated with the onset of depressive illness. The establishment of functional foods that correctly regulate stress response must be an important and new field for human nutrition. This exciting science has been vigorously achieving in the 21st century COE program of ...
Hertzler Ann A - - 2005
This paper identifies trends in children's cookbooks for nutrition messages, cultural content, and food themes according to food guidance of the time. Except for those developed in government-sponsored nutrition programs since the 1970s, children's cookbooks seemingly have a preponderance of high-calorie dessert and party/fun recipes and limited vegetable recipes. In ...
Harrison Kristen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to code food (nutritional content and food type and eating occasion) and character (cartoon and live action) attributes of food advertisements airing during television programs heavily viewed by children, and to represent and evaluate the nutritional content of advertised foods in terms of the nutrition facts label. ...
Kato Hisanori - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The functions of nutrients and other foods have been revealed at the level of gene regulation. The advent of DNA microarray technology has enabled us to analyze the body's response to these factors in a much more holistic manner than before. This review is intended to overview ...
Prior Ronald L - - 2005
Dietary intake of proanthocyanidins (PAs) has been largely unknown because of the lack of reliable values for their content in foods. Recent development of an analytical method for PAs has allowed the quantification of individual oligomers and polymers. This method has been employed to analyze food samples collected under the ...
Lang Tim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the terms on which nutrition should engage with the global challenges ahead. DESIGN: Analysis of current orientation of nutrition and policy. RESULT: Nutrition faces four conceptual problems. The first is that nutrition has fissured into two broad but divergent directions. One is biologically reductionist, now to the ...
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