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Milner John A - - 2006
Evidence continues to mount that dietary components are important determinants of cancer risk and tumor behavior. Although these linkages are fascinating, numerous inconsistencies are also evident in the literature. Although multifactorial, these discrepancies likely reflect variation in the ability of food constituents to reach and/or modify critical molecular targets. Genetic ...
Nasirpour Ali - - 2006
Infant foods have a special place among food products mainly because of nutritional aspects and preparations methods. A great increase of baby foods incomes is predicted in near future. Formulation, handling, and storage of baby foods are important to keep nutritional quality and physicochemical properties of these foods. During storage ...
Fowles Eileen R - - 2006
The purpose of this article is to clarify the nutritional recommendations for pregnant women in light of the new Food Guide Pyramid, known as "MyPyramid," along with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 and recommendations by the Institute of Medicine. The differences between the Food Guide Pyramid (introduced in 1992) ...
Zafra María A - - 2006
The cephalic phase of nutrition refers to a set of food intake-associated autonomic and endocrine responses to the stimulation of sensory systems mainly located in the oropharyngeal cavity. These reactions largely occur in the digestive system, but they have also been observed in other structures. Most published data indicate that ...
Hyland Robert M - - 2006
This study aimed to evaluate the use of peer educators in nutrition interventions with older people. A sample of 22 people aged 60+ were recruited and trained using an accredited course for Community Nutrition Assistants which included basic nutrition and group skills. They were paid to work as peer educators ...
Engler-Stringer Rachel - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine what food and nutrition-related learning takes place in collective kitchens (CKs) in three Canadian cities. METHODS: Semi-participant observation and in-depth interviews were conducted with CK participants and leaders. Major nutrition-related themes that emerged were categorized and integrated to form a picture of how food-related knowledge and behaviours ...
Assantachai Prasert - - 2006
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between alternative anthropometric indices and the nutritional and metabolic status of the Thai elderly. Four rural communities, each from the 4 main regions of Thailand were surveyed. A total of 2,324 subjects, 60 years old and over were included in the study. Mindex and ...
Wirshing Donna A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project was to educate inpatients with psychotic disorders, many of whom were taking second-generation antipsychotics, about lifestyle changes they can make to combat weight gain. METHOD: All inpatients on a Veterans Affairs acute inpatient schizophrenia treatment unit were invited to a 30-minute, didactic presentation given ...
Townsend Marilyn S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Examine effectiveness of a state's Youth Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) and assess the validity of the federal impact indicator method for reporting program outcomes. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled field trial of 229 groups with 5,111 youth, 9-12 years old, in community settings. INTERVENTION: 6- to 8- ...
Olayiwola Ibiyemi Olasunbo - - 2006
Three hundred and five Nigerian elderly from the Yoruba tribe of both rural and urban areas in the south Western zone of Nigeria were studied. The objective was to assess their nutritional status and identify indicators of nutritional vulnerability. Using a structured household questionnaire, anthropometric measurement and checklist of nutritional ...
Lanerolle Pulani - - 2006
Dietary diversification has been identified as a sustainable intervention method in developing countries where subclinical vitamin A deficiency exists. Nutrition education is central to all methods of nutrition intervention including dietary diversification. The paucity of available data currently limits the effective use of nutrition education in national programs in Sri ...
Fabiansson Stefan U - - 2006
Nutrition labels guide consumers in making their food choice. New requirements for mandatory nutrition labelling have been in force in Australia since late 2002. The present study, analysing 350 samples comprising 70 different products for nutritional compounds declared on the label, is the first larger attempt to quantify the precision ...
Asp, NG; Lund University ...
No Abstract.<BR><BR><I>South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition</I> Vol. 18(2) 2005: 98-101
Strolla Leslie O - - 2006
More effective nutrition education to reach low-income and ethnic minority populations is needed. As part of a project to develop a tailored nutrition education intervention to meet the needs of low-income Hispanics and non-Hispanics, complementary, mixed methods of formative research were used to determine specific characteristics of the target population. ...
Yoosuf Abdul Azeez - - 2005
This is a summary of the presentations and discussion of Panel 2.11, Food Security and Nutrition of the Conference, Health Aspects of the Tsunami Disaster in Asia, convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Phuket, Thailand, 04-06 May 2005. The topics discussed included issues related to food security and ...
Heneman Karrie - - 2005
This study determined whether a "Contract for Change" goal-setting exercise enhanced the effectiveness of the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education/Food Stamp Nutrition Education programs to increase produce consumption in low-income (<130% of poverty) women after 4 weeks. Thirty-eight participants were randomized in this three-group parallel arm study: (a) control group ...
Takeda Eiji - - 2005
Severe and prolonged stress exposure impairs homeostatic mechanisms, particularly associated with the onset of depressive illness. The establishment of functional foods that correctly regulate stress response must be an important and new field for human nutrition. This exciting science has been vigorously achieving in the 21st century COE program of ...
Hertzler Ann A - - 2005
This paper identifies trends in children's cookbooks for nutrition messages, cultural content, and food themes according to food guidance of the time. Except for those developed in government-sponsored nutrition programs since the 1970s, children's cookbooks seemingly have a preponderance of high-calorie dessert and party/fun recipes and limited vegetable recipes. In ...
Harrison Kristen - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to code food (nutritional content and food type and eating occasion) and character (cartoon and live action) attributes of food advertisements airing during television programs heavily viewed by children, and to represent and evaluate the nutritional content of advertised foods in terms of the nutrition facts label. ...
Kato Hisanori - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The functions of nutrients and other foods have been revealed at the level of gene regulation. The advent of DNA microarray technology has enabled us to analyze the body's response to these factors in a much more holistic manner than before. This review is intended to overview ...
Prior Ronald L - - 2005
Dietary intake of proanthocyanidins (PAs) has been largely unknown because of the lack of reliable values for their content in foods. Recent development of an analytical method for PAs has allowed the quantification of individual oligomers and polymers. This method has been employed to analyze food samples collected under the ...
Lang Tim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the terms on which nutrition should engage with the global challenges ahead. DESIGN: Analysis of current orientation of nutrition and policy. RESULT: Nutrition faces four conceptual problems. The first is that nutrition has fissured into two broad but divergent directions. One is biologically reductionist, now to the ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To show that nutrition science is anchored in food systems and is influenced by the social, through the environmental to the cosmological, life's connections and rhythms. To indicate that an integrative approach is now becoming possible with advances in food technology, in the understanding of food choice and of ...
Galasso Pamela - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore food purchasing, preparation, and consumption among black women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in an urban setting to assess barriers to medical nutrition therapy recommendations. METHODS: A telephone survey was developed to assess shopping habits, the use of community resources ...
Bailoni L - - 2005
Ageing, like all physiological effects, has a multifactorial origin and is linked to the progressive reduction in the function of some organs and systems. Feeding can play an important role in the control of the ageing process by the improvement of quality of life and the prevention of some pathologies ...
Medeiros Lydia C - - 2005
Logic models are a practical method for systematically collecting impact data for community nutrition efforts, such as the Food Stamp Nutrition Education program. This report describes the process used to develop and test the Community Nutrition Education Logic Model and the results of a pilot study to determine whether national ...
Edmonds Velma McInnis - - 2005
This descriptive, exploratory study on nutritional patterns of newly immigrated Honduran women allows a better understanding of health-related nutrition issues in this Hispanic subgroup. Five focus group discussions were conducted in Spanish with 23 Honduran women, ages 25 to 60 years, living in New Orleans, who had immigrated to the ...
Wortinger Ann - - 2005
Owners are sometimes confused or misinformed about nutritional facts pertaining to pet foods, and three common nutritional myths have been propagated in the popular press. The first myth is that meat by-products are of inferior quality compared to whole meat. The second myth is that feeding trials are unnecessary, and ...
Finn Susan - - 2005
There exists a complex relationship between food and health in our society that is intrinsically linked to our obesity epidemic. The food and beverage industry recognizes that it can influence and modify the eating behavior of Americans. The American Council for Fitness and Nutrition was formed in January 2003 as ...
Henderson Vani R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document the types of foods advertised and weight-related nutritional claims made during advertisements appearing on general market and African American television programming. DESIGN: Content analysis of 553 food advertisements appearing during 101.5 prime-time television hours. OUTCOME MEASURES: Advertisements were classified according to general category (fast-food restaurant, sit-down restaurant, ...
Fortunato Laura - - 2005
Socio-demographic, behavioral, functional and anthropometric data for groups of elderly Quechua Indians of Peru were used to investigate the effects of gender and lifestyle patterns on nutritional status. Two community-dwelling samples were selected for study, representative of divergent lifestyles in terms of their combination of socio-economic, demographic and cultural contexts, ...
Pieroni Andrea - - 2005
The use of non-cultivated plants in a daily diet based on local cuisines is potentially of considerable interest to nutritional scientists, because of the plants' role as local products and their potential as sources of novel nutraceuticals. In many Mediterranean regions these traditions are at risk of disappearing, hence the ...
Schiller Lawrence R - - 2005
Chronic diarrhea can be due to any of several hundred conditions. When investigation fails to uncover a specific cause that can be treated successfully, nonspecific therapy is implemented. This includes dietary alterations if specific aggravating foods can be identified, enteral or parenteral nutrition if nutritional status is compromised, and use ...
Underwood Barbara A - - 2005
The Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (ICNND) Surveys provided previously unavailable representative information on the food and nutrition situations of military or civilian populations in 33 developing countries. Information on related social and economic conditions also were assessed. These data provided a framework for planning follow-up programs to ...
Hartwell Heather - - 2005
Food, nutrition and health are currently under scrutiny. British eating patterns have radically changed over the past few decades, with the emergence of a 'grazing', 'snacking' culture. Simultaneously, more food is eaten outside the home and therefore the nutritional composition of foods/meals provided by catering establishments is of increasing relevance ...
Driscoll David F - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The stability and compatibility of total parenteral nutrition mixtures compounded for patients requiring nutritional support is paramount to their safety on intravenous infusion. The most significant pharmaceutical issues associated with mixing total parenteral nutrition formulations affecting their safety involve the stability of lipid-injectable emulsions and the compatibility ...
McGanity William J - - 2005
Of the 48 nutrition surveys conducted by the ICNND/Office of International Research/CDC Nutrition Programs during the years 1956-1970, 20 were performed in North America. Native Americans were surveyed in Alaska in 1958 and in Montana in 1961. In partnership with INCAP (Institute for Central America and Panama), six Central American ...
Kuczmarski Marie Fanelli - - 2005
It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that older Americans receive appropriate care; have broadened access to coordinated, comprehensive food and nutrition services; and receive the benefits of ongoing research to identify the most effective food and nutrition programs, interventions, and therapies across the spectrum of aging. Food ...
Slocombe Katie E - - 2005
Although food sharing is a habitual aspect of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) life, sharing of plant foods between unrelated adults is rare. Observations of such behavior have typically been interpreted as the outcome of a process by which individuals that are otherwise unable to gain access to the food manage to ...
Kennedy Eileen T - - 2005
Investment in agricultural research and major developments in the technology of food production have led to dramatic increases in food availability, not only in industrialized nations but also across the globe. In addition, significant gains in improving nutritional status have been made over the past fifty years. These changes are ...
Lapointe Annie - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean food pattern under free-living conditions on circulating oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) in a group of 71 healthy women from the Quebec City metropolitan area. The 12-wk nutritional intervention consisted of 2 courses on ...
Godoy Ricardo - - 2005
We analyze anthropometric variables of a society of forager-horticulturalists in the Bolivian Amazon (Tsimane') in 2001-2002. Community variables (e.g., inequality, social capital) explain little of the variance in anthropometric indices of nutritional status, but individual-level variables (schooling, wealth) are positively correlated with nutritional status. Dietary quality (foods high in animal ...
Callen Bonnie L - - 2005
Screening tools for detecting declining nutrition in community-dwelling old-old are few and problematic. The purpose of this study was to identify the leading risk factors associated with noninvasive measures of poor nutritional status among elders aged 80 or older still living independently in the community. This cross-sectional descriptive study included ...
Cordain Loren - - 2005
There is growing awareness that the profound changes in the environment (eg, in diet and other lifestyle conditions) that began with the introduction of agriculture and animal husbandry approximately 10000 y ago occurred too recently on an evolutionary time scale for the human genome to adjust. In conjunction with this ...
Wansink Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We assessed how consumption of a functional food relates to different combinations of nutritional knowledge. METHODS: American and Canadian subjects were asked by mail survey about their level of knowledge about soy and were assigned to one of four groups based on whether they had 1) no knowledge of ...
Stintzing Florian C - - 2005
Although traditionally used as a valuable health supporting nutrient, the vegetative parts of Opuntia spp. plants are scarcely used in modern nutrition and medicine. While all kinds of different Opuntia spp. have been studied, a systematic approach regarding the inter-relationships between the composition and the pre- and postharvest conditions is ...
Dannelly Jennifer McLeod - - 2005
Focus groups were used to gain insight into the nutrition-related attitudes and motivations of overweight African-American adolescents and young adults enrolled in the Atlanta Job Corps Center in preparation for designing an effective and culturally appropriate nutrition intervention for this population. Eighteen students and 18 staff members participated in six ...
Grando S - - 2005
Barley straw is commonly used as animal feed in many developing countries. Even a small increase in its nutritive value can have a large impact on animal production, and hence, on rural livelihood and human nutrition. Straw quality is strongly affected by environmental factors and is, therefore, difficult to improve ...
Lin Wei - - 2005
The purpose of this study is to understand knowledge about and general attitudes towards nutrition, dietary restriction attitudes, and dietary restriction behavior in the Taiwanese elderly, and the relationship of these various components to each other. Data from the Elderly Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (1999-2000) were used for ...
Hughes Robert G - - 2005
Pacific Island countries (PICs) are experiencing an epidemic of obesity and consequent chronic diseases. Despite investment in the development of National Plans of Action for Nutrition (NPANs) and interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity, nutritional status appears to show little improvement. This paper presents a synthesis of the ...
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