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Cena Emily R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest low-income women of childbearing age may be at risk of suboptimal folate intake. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of learner-centered nutrition education on folate intake and food-related behaviors among nonpregnant, low-income women of childbearing age, compared to education unrelated to nutrition. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned ...
Nijhout H Frederik - - 2008
In this issue of Developmental Cell, Layalle et al. reveal new insights into how nutrition controls body size in Drosophila. Nutrition specifically affects the activity of target of rapamycin (TOR) in the prothoracic gland. Under low-nutrition conditions, TOR suppresses ecdysone secretion--which otherwise terminates larval development--thereby prolonging growth and allowing larvae ...
Toyama Kenji - - 2008
Recently, it has been clarified that glutamate (Glu) can stimulate the umami taste as well as the visceral sensation to help the gastric protein digestion. Our survey suggests the possibility that the amount of free Glu in hospital foods is lower than that in ordinary foods. In the present study, ...
Scott Anna - - 2008
Part 1 of this article described the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and its implementation. Part 2 aims to provide basic practical guidance for treating malnutrition. Establishing the aim of treatment and undertaking a dietary assessment will provide the basis for your intervention. Addressing nutrition-related problems, such as drug induced ...
Smoliner Christine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is a frequent problem in the elderly and is associated with an impaired functional status and higher morbidity and mortality. In this study we evaluated the effect of a 12-wk nutritional intervention with fortified food on nutritional and functional status in nursing home residents at risk of malnutrition. ...
Shannon Kate - - 2008
Levels of low birth weight (LBW) and maternal malnutrition in rural Bangladesh are among the highest in the world. We surveyed dietary practices among pregnant mothers in a rural area served by a reproductive health and nutrition program. In total, 30 semi-structured interviews and five focus group discussions were carried ...
Chao Shirley Y - - 2008
This study assessed the utility of the 57-indicator Food and Nutrition Care Indicators Checklist for assessing food and nutrition services in assisted-living facilities for older adults among registered dietitians (RDs). They were members of two American Dietetic Association practice groups focusing on aging and long-term care and were also employed ...
Remillard Rebecca L - - 2008
At one time, it was estimated that the majority of dogs and cats in the United States received 90% or more of their nutrition from complete and balanced commercially prepared foods, and this estimate was reaffirmed in a 2004 survey. However, 4 years and several pet food and treat recalls ...
Shatenstein B - - 2008
In older adults, an adequate diet depends on their ability to procure and prepare food and eat independently or the availability of dietary assistance when needed. Inadequate food intake or increased nutritional requirements lead to poor nutritional status, which is considered a key determinant of morbidity, increased risk of infection, ...
Davis Lisa R - - 2008
Women who are homeless experience health problems due to many factors, including poor nutrition. This paper describes a nutritional assessment of women who are homeless living at a transitional living center in an urban setting. A rapid food screener was used to assess fat, fruit and vegetable, and fiber intake, ...
Milner J A - - 2008
Personalizing nutrition for cancer prevention and therapy will require a comprehensive understanding of "genotypes/phenotypes" in order to identify, evaluate, and prioritize appropriate points for dietary intervention. This nutritional preemption roadmap must begin with accurately assessing intakes/exposures of which bioactive food component(s) is needed to bring about a desired response in ...
Louie Jimmy Chun-Yu - - 2008
Consumers are interested in making healthier food choices but the mandatory nutrition information panel currently in use in Australia is not easily understood or interpreted by most consumers. A simple nutrition signpost would be valuable. This paper reviews two nutrition signposting systems currently being considered for adoption in Australia. The ...
Ares Gastón - - 2008
In order to assess the influence of nutritional knowledge on perceived healthiness and willingness to try functional foods, 104 consumers filled out a Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire and answered a conjoint task. Participants had to evaluate 16 concepts consisting of combinations of carrier products (yogurt, milk desserts, pan bread and mayonnaise) ...
Hermsen Joshua L JL Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, - - 2009
Nutrition support is an integral component of modern patient care. Type and route of nutritional support impacts clinical infectious outcomes in critically injured patients. This article reviews the relationships between type and route of nutrition and gut-derived mucosal immunity in both the clinical and laboratory settings.
Fitzgerald Nurgül - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of nutrition knowledge, food label use, and food intake patterns among Latinas with and without diagnosed diabetes. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A convenience sample of 201 (100 cases with diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 101 controls without diagnosed diabetes) nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding Latinas without ...
Kennedy L A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Community-based food initiatives have developed in recent years with the aim of engaging previously 'hard to reach' groups. Lay workers engaged in community nutrition activities are promoted as a cost-effective mechanism for reaching underserved groups. The primary objective of the study was to explore perceptions and definitions of lay ...
Nurhasan, Mulia
The population density of Laos PDR has increased from 15 persons per square km in 1985 to 19 persons in 1995 and to 24 persons in 2005. This has threatened food security, which in Laos PDR is generally synonymous with rice availability. Rice production in Laos rose by 70 percent ...
Risvas Grigoris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food choice in Greece follows a westernized model. We tried to identify the characteristics of clusters regarding food choice and behaviour in a large sample of Greek primary school students, in order to acknowledge some mediating parameters that need to be addressed when planning interventions to promote healthy nutrition. ...
AKIBA, Yukio
Nutrition entails the sum of processes involved in the ingestion of foods, digestion, absorption, transport of nutrients, intermediary metabolism, underlying anabolism and catabolism, and excretion of unabsorbed nutrients and metabolites. Research at the Animal Nutrition Laboratory is concerned with the identification of nutritional characteristics in several animal species with the ...
Kussmann Martin - - 2008
Nutrition sciences apply transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to molecularly assess nutritional adaptations. Transcriptomics can generate a holistic overview on molecular changes to dietary interventions. Proteomics is most challenging because of the higher complexity of proteomes as compared to transcriptomes and metabolomes. However, it delivers not only markers but also targets ...
Kreibich, Tobias
Marine calanoid copepods, which constitute a major component of the marine food web, have to adapt to changing environmental conditions in order to efficiently use dietary components for growth and reproduction. Detailed knowledge on their feeding behaviour, their physiological responses to nutritional conditions, i.e. digestive and metabolic activities, and their ...
Houdijk J G M - - 2008
Periparturient relaxation of immunity (PPRI) to gastrointestinal nematode parasites may have a nutritional basis, as the increasing nutrient demand at times of nutrient scarcity during late pregnancy and subsequent lactation may result in a penalty on expression of acquired immunity to parasites. This nutritional basis implies that lowering nutritional demand, ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To provide nutritional composition data for commonly consumed traditional Apache foods to enable an assessment of dietary intake and to evaluate a food-store based intervention aimed at reducing risk of chronic disease. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Weighed recipes were collected in Apache households on the White Mountain Apache reservation ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2008
Good nutritional health is essential to physical and cognitive function, prevention or management of chronic health conditions, and prevention of disability. Poor nutritional health describes dietary intakes of inadequate amounts of energy, protein, and individual or multiple micronutrients. Homebound older adults are considered the most vulnerable for poor nutritional health; ...
Adachi Miyuki - - 2008
The objective of this paper was to identify the necessity of a theory incorporating "a holistic view of food and nutrition dynamics". The generation of this theory and its potential to effect nutrition education practices, was also examined using examples of practice in Japan. The necessity and potential of a ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2008
Food for humans is one of the most important of all global issues. It is a critical determinant of planetary and individual health, of economic development, of how sustainable energy and water supplies are, and its security a powerful determinant of peace or conflict. Those who assume leadership for the ...
Uneyama Hisayuki - - 2008
Gustatory and anticipatory cephalic stimuli during a meal yield nutritional information and aid efficient food digestion. Mammals, including humans, can detect the amount of dietary protein and its quality via cephalic relay to initiate proper digestion in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In addition to gustatory stimuli, visceral sensing by ...
Hoffmann Alfred T - - 2008
Quality of life is defined as the result of combining personal resources, control of the environment, personal values, and actual living conditions. Balanced nutrition is an important condition for quality of life, health and well-being. During the course of life everyone develops his very individual biography of eating. This includes ...
Cuervo M - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aged people are an increasing population group worldwide, and nutritional impairments may contribute to additional health problems. The characterization of food consumption of elderly people is a good approach to implementing adequate nutritional policies in order to improve their nutritional status. The aim of this study was to describe ...
Lau Daisy - - 2008
Concerns with the nutritional status and well being of older adults and the related potential social and economic impact have generated much research interest in their food intake patterns. Identifying determinants of food use and analyzing their interactions in the food selection process is critical for making nutritional recommendations and ...
Khan Nguyen Cong - - 2008
It has been well acknowledged that Vietnam is undergoing a nutrition transition. With a rapid change in the country's reform and economic growth, food supply at the macronutrient level has improved. Changes of the Vietnamese diet include significantly more foods of animal origin, and an increase of fat/oils, and ripe ...
Smith J L - - 2008
PURPOSE: The opinions and perceptions of patients are crucial throughout the cancer treatment process, as treatment is more effective when patient concerns are addressed. The present study was designed to identify history of weight loss since initiation of cancer treatment, specific nutrition-related problems and concerns (including food aversions, factors contributing ...
Paulionis Lina - - 2008
Science and technology are modernizing the field of nutrition and are consequently increasing its complexity. New food developments such as fortified foods and functional foods are evidence of its modernization. The increased specificity of nutrient- and food-intake recommendations and the breadth of claims on food packages are evidence of nutrition's ...
Curtis Luke T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to concisely review the available literature of nutritional and environmental factors on autistic spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). DESIGN AND METHODS: Review of journal articles found on the PubMed database and from information from several conference proceedings. RESULTS: Many, but not ...
Yach Derek - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Before the onset of the current food crisis, the evidence of a severely neglected nutrition crisis was starting to receive attention. Increased food prices are having severe impacts on the nutritional status of populations. Our current food system has evolved over decades in a largely unplanned manner and without ...
Kiisk Liidia - - 2008
New system and nomenclature of diets for Estonian health care institutions have been developed in the university hospital based on theoretical and practical experience obtained over several years of cooperation with medical scientists from different fields of specialization. The nomenclature of diets includes ordinary food and eight groups of diet ...
Westergren Albert - - 2008
Eating difficulties and nutritional deficits are common among persons with acute stroke and during rehabilitation. Little is known about such problems after discharge from hospital. In addition the relationship between fatigue and nutritional status among stroke survivors living in the community remains to be explored. The aim of this pilot ...
Nti Christina A - - 2008
A cross-sectional study involving 400 mothers was conducted in the Manya Krobo district of Ghana with the objective of studying household dietary practices, quality of diets and family nutritional status of rural Ghana. A combination of methods, including structured interviews using questionnaire, dietary assessments and anthropometry was used to collect ...
Yoon Ji-Young - - 2008
Adolescents in Busan area were asked in a survey about their perception and attitudes towards fast food. Most respondents answered that they consume fast food once a month because it is fast, easily accessible and tasty. Although they perceived fast food as unhealthy and less nutritious, they were less aware ...
Lassen Karin O - - 2008
Many patients are undernourished during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The aim of the study is 1) to implement a new organisation with a focus on improving the quality of the nutritional care of medical inpatients at risk of ...
Visioli Francesco - - 2007
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (for example, cardiovascular disorders, type 2 diabetes and cancer) is rampant in Western societies, accounting for approximately 60 % of all causes of death. A large proportion of non-communicable diseases can be prevented through appropriate diets and lifestyles. Accordingly, several health authorities and regulatory bodies ...
Keller Heather H - - 2007
Older adults (>65 y) living in the community have the potential to have significant nutrition concerns and deficits owing to the physiological, social, and psychological changes that occur with ageing. However, poor nutrition should not be considered an inevitable consequence of ageing. Older adults are quite heterogenous, including those ageing ...
Pennington Jean A T - - 2007
Food composition databases and dietary assessment systems are important tools for food and nutrition professionals. The availability and accessibility of data have improved over time along with the technology to convert the information into useful formats for planning diets, writing educational materials, counseling patients, and conducting research. Primary sources of ...
Landers Patti S - - 2007
The Food Stamp Program has grown from a modest effort to distribute excess farm commodities during the Great Depression to the nation's largest food assistance and nutrition program, serving almost 27 million persons in fiscal year 2006, at a cost of more than 30 billion dollars to federal taxpayers. In ...
Dunne Annette - - 2007
There is an important relationship between positive nutritional status, dietary intake and a healthy population. Lifelong adoption of healthy eating patterns is essential for life and can help reduce the risk of development of many illnesses. Malnutrition remains very prevalent in both developed and developing countries despite ongoing awareness campaigns. ...
Visek Jakub - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition is indicated in patients with malnutrition due to inadequate peroral intake. A number of these patients have diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of fiber-enriched enteral nutrition on postprandial glycemia and insulinemia. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers consumed ...
Anderson Eileen S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Understanding the need for and accessibility to healthier foods have not improved the overall diets of the U.S. population. Social cognitive theory (SCT) may explain how other variables, such as self-regulation and self-efficacy, may be key to integrating healthier nutrition into U.S. lifestyles. PURPOSE: To determine how SCT accounts ...
Kussmann Martin - - 2007
In modern nutrition research, mass spectrometry has developed into a tool to assess health, sensory as well as quality and safety aspects of food. In this review, we focus on health-related benefits of food components and, accordingly, on biomarkers of exposure (bioavailability) and bioefficacy. Current nutrition research focuses on unraveling ...
Elliott C - - 2008
This article provides a nutritional profile of foods targeted specifically at children in the Canadian supermarket. Excluding confectionery, soft drinks and bakery items, 367 products were assessed for their nutritional composition. The article examines the relationship between 'fun food' images/messages, product claims and actual product nutrition. Among other findings, it ...
Baker Herman - - 2007
This final installment of a special series on nutrition in the elderly considers dietary pitfalls and their sequelae. Years of poor dietary habits contribute to biological risk and lifestyle changes in the elderly. Clinicians must properly evaluate the nutritional status of their older patients to restore nutritional adequacy and healthy ...
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