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Hermsen Joshua L JL Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, - - 2009
Nutrition support is an integral component of modern patient care. Type and route of nutritional support impacts clinical infectious outcomes in critically injured patients. This article reviews the relationships between type and route of nutrition and gut-derived mucosal immunity in both the clinical and laboratory settings.
Fitzgerald Nurgül - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of nutrition knowledge, food label use, and food intake patterns among Latinas with and without diagnosed diabetes. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A convenience sample of 201 (100 cases with diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 101 controls without diagnosed diabetes) nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding Latinas without ...
Kennedy L A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Community-based food initiatives have developed in recent years with the aim of engaging previously 'hard to reach' groups. Lay workers engaged in community nutrition activities are promoted as a cost-effective mechanism for reaching underserved groups. The primary objective of the study was to explore perceptions and definitions of lay ...
Nurhasan, Mulia
The population density of Laos PDR has increased from 15 persons per square km in 1985 to 19 persons in 1995 and to 24 persons in 2005. This has threatened food security, which in Laos PDR is generally synonymous with rice availability. Rice production in Laos rose by 70 percent ...
Risvas Grigoris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food choice in Greece follows a westernized model. We tried to identify the characteristics of clusters regarding food choice and behaviour in a large sample of Greek primary school students, in order to acknowledge some mediating parameters that need to be addressed when planning interventions to promote healthy nutrition. ...
AKIBA, Yukio
Nutrition entails the sum of processes involved in the ingestion of foods, digestion, absorption, transport of nutrients, intermediary metabolism, underlying anabolism and catabolism, and excretion of unabsorbed nutrients and metabolites. Research at the Animal Nutrition Laboratory is concerned with the identification of nutritional characteristics in several animal species with the ...
Kussmann Martin - - 2008
Nutrition sciences apply transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to molecularly assess nutritional adaptations. Transcriptomics can generate a holistic overview on molecular changes to dietary interventions. Proteomics is most challenging because of the higher complexity of proteomes as compared to transcriptomes and metabolomes. However, it delivers not only markers but also targets ...
Kreibich, Tobias
Marine calanoid copepods, which constitute a major component of the marine food web, have to adapt to changing environmental conditions in order to efficiently use dietary components for growth and reproduction. Detailed knowledge on their feeding behaviour, their physiological responses to nutritional conditions, i.e. digestive and metabolic activities, and their ...
Houdijk J G M - - 2008
Periparturient relaxation of immunity (PPRI) to gastrointestinal nematode parasites may have a nutritional basis, as the increasing nutrient demand at times of nutrient scarcity during late pregnancy and subsequent lactation may result in a penalty on expression of acquired immunity to parasites. This nutritional basis implies that lowering nutritional demand, ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To provide nutritional composition data for commonly consumed traditional Apache foods to enable an assessment of dietary intake and to evaluate a food-store based intervention aimed at reducing risk of chronic disease. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Weighed recipes were collected in Apache households on the White Mountain Apache reservation ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2008
Good nutritional health is essential to physical and cognitive function, prevention or management of chronic health conditions, and prevention of disability. Poor nutritional health describes dietary intakes of inadequate amounts of energy, protein, and individual or multiple micronutrients. Homebound older adults are considered the most vulnerable for poor nutritional health; ...
Adachi Miyuki - - 2008
The objective of this paper was to identify the necessity of a theory incorporating "a holistic view of food and nutrition dynamics". The generation of this theory and its potential to effect nutrition education practices, was also examined using examples of practice in Japan. The necessity and potential of a ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2008
Food for humans is one of the most important of all global issues. It is a critical determinant of planetary and individual health, of economic development, of how sustainable energy and water supplies are, and its security a powerful determinant of peace or conflict. Those who assume leadership for the ...
Uneyama Hisayuki - - 2008
Gustatory and anticipatory cephalic stimuli during a meal yield nutritional information and aid efficient food digestion. Mammals, including humans, can detect the amount of dietary protein and its quality via cephalic relay to initiate proper digestion in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In addition to gustatory stimuli, visceral sensing by ...
Hoffmann Alfred T - - 2008
Quality of life is defined as the result of combining personal resources, control of the environment, personal values, and actual living conditions. Balanced nutrition is an important condition for quality of life, health and well-being. During the course of life everyone develops his very individual biography of eating. This includes ...
Cuervo M - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aged people are an increasing population group worldwide, and nutritional impairments may contribute to additional health problems. The characterization of food consumption of elderly people is a good approach to implementing adequate nutritional policies in order to improve their nutritional status. The aim of this study was to describe ...
Lau Daisy - - 2008
Concerns with the nutritional status and well being of older adults and the related potential social and economic impact have generated much research interest in their food intake patterns. Identifying determinants of food use and analyzing their interactions in the food selection process is critical for making nutritional recommendations and ...
Khan Nguyen Cong - - 2008
It has been well acknowledged that Vietnam is undergoing a nutrition transition. With a rapid change in the country's reform and economic growth, food supply at the macronutrient level has improved. Changes of the Vietnamese diet include significantly more foods of animal origin, and an increase of fat/oils, and ripe ...
Smith J L - - 2008
PURPOSE: The opinions and perceptions of patients are crucial throughout the cancer treatment process, as treatment is more effective when patient concerns are addressed. The present study was designed to identify history of weight loss since initiation of cancer treatment, specific nutrition-related problems and concerns (including food aversions, factors contributing ...
Paulionis Lina - - 2008
Science and technology are modernizing the field of nutrition and are consequently increasing its complexity. New food developments such as fortified foods and functional foods are evidence of its modernization. The increased specificity of nutrient- and food-intake recommendations and the breadth of claims on food packages are evidence of nutrition's ...
Curtis Luke T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to concisely review the available literature of nutritional and environmental factors on autistic spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). DESIGN AND METHODS: Review of journal articles found on the PubMed database and from information from several conference proceedings. RESULTS: Many, but not ...
Yach Derek - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Before the onset of the current food crisis, the evidence of a severely neglected nutrition crisis was starting to receive attention. Increased food prices are having severe impacts on the nutritional status of populations. Our current food system has evolved over decades in a largely unplanned manner and without ...
Kiisk Liidia - - 2008
New system and nomenclature of diets for Estonian health care institutions have been developed in the university hospital based on theoretical and practical experience obtained over several years of cooperation with medical scientists from different fields of specialization. The nomenclature of diets includes ordinary food and eight groups of diet ...
Westergren Albert - - 2008
Eating difficulties and nutritional deficits are common among persons with acute stroke and during rehabilitation. Little is known about such problems after discharge from hospital. In addition the relationship between fatigue and nutritional status among stroke survivors living in the community remains to be explored. The aim of this pilot ...
Nti Christina A - - 2008
A cross-sectional study involving 400 mothers was conducted in the Manya Krobo district of Ghana with the objective of studying household dietary practices, quality of diets and family nutritional status of rural Ghana. A combination of methods, including structured interviews using questionnaire, dietary assessments and anthropometry was used to collect ...
Yoon Ji-Young - - 2008
Adolescents in Busan area were asked in a survey about their perception and attitudes towards fast food. Most respondents answered that they consume fast food once a month because it is fast, easily accessible and tasty. Although they perceived fast food as unhealthy and less nutritious, they were less aware ...
Lassen Karin O - - 2008
Many patients are undernourished during hospitalisation. The clinical consequences of this include lassitude, an increased risk of complications and prolonged convalescence. The aim of the study is 1) to implement a new organisation with a focus on improving the quality of the nutritional care of medical inpatients at risk of ...
Visioli Francesco - - 2007
The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (for example, cardiovascular disorders, type 2 diabetes and cancer) is rampant in Western societies, accounting for approximately 60 % of all causes of death. A large proportion of non-communicable diseases can be prevented through appropriate diets and lifestyles. Accordingly, several health authorities and regulatory bodies ...
Keller Heather H - - 2007
Older adults (>65 y) living in the community have the potential to have significant nutrition concerns and deficits owing to the physiological, social, and psychological changes that occur with ageing. However, poor nutrition should not be considered an inevitable consequence of ageing. Older adults are quite heterogenous, including those ageing ...
Pennington Jean A T - - 2007
Food composition databases and dietary assessment systems are important tools for food and nutrition professionals. The availability and accessibility of data have improved over time along with the technology to convert the information into useful formats for planning diets, writing educational materials, counseling patients, and conducting research. Primary sources of ...
Landers Patti S - - 2007
The Food Stamp Program has grown from a modest effort to distribute excess farm commodities during the Great Depression to the nation's largest food assistance and nutrition program, serving almost 27 million persons in fiscal year 2006, at a cost of more than 30 billion dollars to federal taxpayers. In ...
Dunne Annette - - 2007
There is an important relationship between positive nutritional status, dietary intake and a healthy population. Lifelong adoption of healthy eating patterns is essential for life and can help reduce the risk of development of many illnesses. Malnutrition remains very prevalent in both developed and developing countries despite ongoing awareness campaigns. ...
Visek Jakub - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition is indicated in patients with malnutrition due to inadequate peroral intake. A number of these patients have diabetes mellitus or impaired glucose tolerance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of fiber-enriched enteral nutrition on postprandial glycemia and insulinemia. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers consumed ...
Anderson Eileen S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Understanding the need for and accessibility to healthier foods have not improved the overall diets of the U.S. population. Social cognitive theory (SCT) may explain how other variables, such as self-regulation and self-efficacy, may be key to integrating healthier nutrition into U.S. lifestyles. PURPOSE: To determine how SCT accounts ...
Kussmann Martin - - 2007
In modern nutrition research, mass spectrometry has developed into a tool to assess health, sensory as well as quality and safety aspects of food. In this review, we focus on health-related benefits of food components and, accordingly, on biomarkers of exposure (bioavailability) and bioefficacy. Current nutrition research focuses on unraveling ...
Elliott C - - 2008
This article provides a nutritional profile of foods targeted specifically at children in the Canadian supermarket. Excluding confectionery, soft drinks and bakery items, 367 products were assessed for their nutritional composition. The article examines the relationship between 'fun food' images/messages, product claims and actual product nutrition. Among other findings, it ...
Baker Herman - - 2007
This final installment of a special series on nutrition in the elderly considers dietary pitfalls and their sequelae. Years of poor dietary habits contribute to biological risk and lifestyle changes in the elderly. Clinicians must properly evaluate the nutritional status of their older patients to restore nutritional adequacy and healthy ...
Jacobs David R DR - - 2007
The identification of nutrients and the study of their bioactivity were significant developments in the evolution of contemporary nutrition science. This review argues for shifting the focus towards food in order to better understand the nutrition-health interface. It begins by introducing the concept of food synergy (a perspective that more ...
Bowley Nadia A - - 2007
Young children embark on a transitional nutritional journey, progressing from total reliance on caregivers to independence, autonomy and self-determination. Appropriate nutritional intake in young children is a diverse concept, incorporating suitable nutritional choices and feeding behaviours. Lessons learnt in childhood will have long-term effects on the individual and society overall. ...
Ishizaki Makoto - - 2007
To find a surrogate marker to obtain optimal dialysis delivery from the viewpoint of nutrition, 180 maintenance hemodialysis patients (109 males/71 females) were enrolled between October 1999 and June 2006 at our kidney center. In the 449 hemodialysis treatments, ultrapure dialysis solutions and high-flux synthetic membranes were utilized. Parameters were ...
Ostry A - - 2008
The overall purpose of this study was to increase knowledge and understanding of the new informational landscape that is emerging on the Internet in relation to nutritional health content in order to provide policy makers with better communication and health promotion tools. We identified the sites most used by Canadians ...
Kalbhen Carl L - - 2007
Chicago, the host city for the annual meeting of the RSNA (Radiological Society of North America), is the quintessential place to obtain certain foods, among them deep dish pizza, the Italian beef sandwich, and the Chicago-style hot dog. Given some appropriate nutritional concerns about these items, it is important to ...
Powell Lisa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In light of the high rates of child and adolescent obesity, we examined the nutritional content of food advertising seen by American children and adolescents. METHODS: We drew samples of top-rated television shows by using ratings data to examine the nutritional content for fat, saturated fat, sugar, sodium, and ...
Willis Mary S - - 2007
Examination of current dietary patterns of Dinka and Nuer refugees from Sudan to the United States prior to dental restoration and nutrition training. Thirty-one participants were interviewed regarding current intake and knowledge of US food and nutrition principles. Twenty-nine completed three 24-hour food diaries. Refugee homes, campus offices, and classrooms ...
Harmon Alison H - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to identify the types of nutrition newsletter content that reading clientele perceive as relevant to them in making healthy food choices consistent with sound dietary advice, and to identify ways newsletter design and wording affect the usefulness of the content. The authors conducted five ...
Slater Gary - - 2007
Dinghy sailing is a physically challenging sport with competitors on water for several hours. Regulations and space in the boat limit the amount of food and fluid competitors can carry. Consequently, it is possible that the hydration and nutritional status of dinghy sailors may be compromised while racing. Despite this, ...
Ikhtiar Khan - - 2007
Pakistani wheat varieties are grown over a wide agro-climatic range and as such are anticipated to exhibit yield and quality differences. It is therefore necessary to investigate the nutritional status of wheat varieties in terms of biochemical and physiochemical characteristics available for food and nutritional purposes in Pakistan. The result ...
Li X - - 2007
Nutritional assessment of transgenic crops used for human food and animal feed is an important aspect of safety evaluations. An insect-resistant rice (IRR) was generated by the stable insertion of sck, a modified cowpea trypsin inhibitor gene, and cry1Ac, encoding a crystal protein from Bacillus thuringiensis into the genome of ...
Semeniuk Christina A D - - 2007
Feeding marine wildlife as a tourism experience has become a popular means by which to attract both people and wildlife, although management efforts are still in their infancy. "Stingray City Sandbar" in the Cayman Islands, where visitors can hand feed free-ranging Southern Stingrays (Dasyatis americana), is a world-famous attraction currently ...
Moreno L A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify the main knowledge gaps and to propose research lines that will be developed within the European Union-funded 'Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence' (HELENA) project, concerning the nutritional status, physical fitness and physical activity of adolescents in Europe. DESIGN: Review of the currently existing literature. ...
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