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Acreman Sue - - 2009
Nutrition in palliative care and at the end of life should be one of the goals for improving quality of life. It is important to address issues of food and feeding at this time to assist in the management of troublesome symptoms as well as to enhance the remaining life. ...
Martini Sharon A - - 2009
Nutrition in the 20th century is examined with respect to changes in the American diet due to changes in the economy and evolution from an agrarian to an industrialized society. The American farm family diet from two regions of the United States during the 1930s is studied on the basis ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2010
The study investigates the dietary habits of Flemish preschoolers and associations of these habits with both sociodemographic characteristics and the mother's nutritional knowledge and attitudes. A sample of 862 parents of preschoolers from 56 schools completed a questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, a food-frequency questionnaire to assess children's dietary intake, and ...
Sathiaraj E - - 2010
Although there are no dietary restrictions recommended in acute viral hepatitis (AVH), there is an altered food intake, probably because of perceptions and traditional nutritional practices, leading to sub-optimal intake and poorer clinical outcome. Therefore, we aimed to determine nutritional intake of AVH patients before and after disease onset and ...
Maubach Ninya - - 2009
A qualitative study explored factors that influence parents' food purchasing behaviours in supermarkets and away-from-home settings, particularly the role played by nutrition information. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 parents of young children in a provincial city in New Zealand. A semi-structured protocol was used to elicit factors influencing ...
Patel M - - 2009
Dear Editor, We read with interest the letter by Dr A Kumar in response to our paper (1). We welcome his supportive comments regarding our findings that catering limitations were not major contributory factors for inadequate food intake by hospitalised elderly patients. Protected mealtimes have been an imaginative solution proposed ...
Archer C Ruth - - 2009
Dietary Restriction extends lifespan in a diverse range of animals, but this often comes at a cost to reproduction. While a number of molecular pathways integral to these relationships have been characterised, we still do not fully understand whether restriction of specific nutrients or calories is responsible. Two recent studies ...
Jennings-Sanders Andrea - - 2009
Clients with Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) have nausea and/or vomiting that prevents adequate intake of food and fluids. A client could have weight loss, dehydration, nutritional deficiencies, metabolic deficiencies, difficulty with daily activities, psychosocial stress and depression. Managing a client at home with HG is very complex and requires a multidisciplinary ...
Martin Jolie M - - 2009
Research during the last several decades indicates the failure of existing nutritional labels to substantially improve the healthfulness of consumers' food/beverage choices. The present study aims to fill this void by developing a nutrition metric that is more comprehensible to the average shopper. The healthfulness ratings of 205 sample foods/beverages ...
Dairo M D MD Department of Epidemiology & Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, - - 2009
Micronutrient deficiency affects about 2 billion people all over the world. The major micronutrient deficiencies which are of public health importance include vitamin A, iron and iodine deficiencies. The deficiencies of these micronutrients cause a variety of morbidities and increased mortality which are most severe in children, adolescent girls and ...
Lingas Elena O - - 2009
We assessed the nutritional quality of branded food and beverage products advertised on 28 Web sites popular with children. Of the 77 advertised products for which nutritional information was available, 49 met Institute of Medicine criteria for foods to avoid, 23 met criteria for foods to neither avoid nor encourage, ...
Pollard Christina M - - 2009
To develop nutrition criteria consistent with Australian dietary guidelines encouraging fruit and vegetable consumption for branding recipes with the Go for 2&5 campaign message. Dietary policies, guidelines, food selection guides, nutrient targets, existing consumer education programs' nutrition criteria, food habits, and eating styles were reviewed to develop nutrition criteria, which ...
Dorey Enid - - 2009
Recently the mass media environment of children, in particular food advertising, has come under scrutiny as a contributing factor in the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Focus groups were used to explore how children's appraisals of various forms of media inform their health-related perceptions about eating and nutrition. Ninety participants ...
Sitter, Melissa
Relocation to a personal care home is a stressful experience and may occur at a traumatic moment in life. The effects of relocation to a PCH on nutritional status are unknown, yet under-nutrition is common among PCH residents. Objectives: To explore the effect of relocating to a PCH on the ...
Eshel Gidon - - 2009
This article discusses a few basic geophysical processes, which collectively indicate that several nutritionally adverse elements of current Western diets also yield environmentally harmful food consumption patterns. We address oceanic dead zones, which are at the confluence of oceanography, aquatic chemistry, and agronomy and which are a clear environmental problem, ...
Glanz Karen - - 2009
Food and nutrition environments are believed to contribute to obesity and chronic diseases. There is a need for valid, reliable measures of nutrition environments. Familiarity with previous efforts to measure food and nutrition environments can help researchers and practitioners build on past accomplishments. This article describes sources of food-environment data, ...
Darmon Nicole N UMR INRA 1260/INSERM 476/Universités Aix-Marseille I & II, Nutriments Lipidiques & Prévention des Maladies Métaboliques, Faculté de Médecine de la Timone, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France. - - 2009
To develop a food policy approach to prevent nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition in homeless men in France. A dietary survey was conducted among homeless men visiting an emergency shelter in Paris to assess their nutritional status and the quality of food aid provided. The use of a fortified food easy ...
Roberto Christina A - - 2009
In this observational study, we determined how frequently consumers accessed on-premises nutrition information provided at chain restaurants. The number of patrons entering and accessing nutrition information was recorded at 8 locations that were part of 4 major restaurant chains (McDonald's, Burger King, Starbucks, and Au Bon Pain). Only 6 (0.1%) ...
Jacobs David R DR - - 2009
Research and practice in nutrition relate to food and its constituents, often as supplements. In food, however, the biological constituents are coordinated. We propose that "thinking food first"' results in more effective nutrition research and policy. The concept of food synergy provides the necessary theoretical underpinning. The evidence for health ...
Castetbon Katia - - 2009
The French National Programme on Nutrition and Health (Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS)), the aim of which is to reduce nutrition-related chronic diseases, necessitates monitoring of nutritional characteristics. Our objective was to describe dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in a national sample of adults, especially according to current ...
Teffo, L.S.
The edible stink-bug, Encosternum (Haplosterna) delegorguei Spinola (Heteroptera, Hemiptera), is a traditional delicacy of the Venda people in South Africa's Limpopo province. Selling the insects at Thohoyandou and other markets provides a valuable income for harvesters. In this article we report the first nutritional information on these insects. Dried bugs ...
Adams Jean J Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2009
Advertising in magazines contributes to nutritional knowledge and social norms and may play a role in food choice and adiposity. In contrast to food advertising on television, that in magazines has received little research attention. We describe the type and nutritional content of foods advertised in popular UK weekly magazines ...
Silver Heidi J - - 2009
Oral liquid nutrition supplements (ONS) are widely used in community, residential and healthcare settings. ONS are intended for individuals whose nutrient requirements cannot be achieved by conventional diet or food modification, or for the management of distinctive nutrient needs resulting from specific diseases and/or conditions. ONS appear to be most ...
Lo Yuan-Ting - - 2009
The WHO asserts that the global food price crisis threatens public health and jeopardizes the health of the most disadvantaged groups such as women, children, the elderly and low-income families. Economic factors play a crucial role and could affect personal nutrition status and health. Economic decision factors such as food ...
de Vrieze Jop - - 2009
About a decade ago, scientists and science journalists presented nutrigenomics as a grand promise that each of us would soon know which foods fit in our personal healthy diet. Meanwhile, expectations have been adjusted to fit a changed reality. Simultaneously, societal issues surrounding personalized nutrition continue to rise, including whether ...
Johnson Shanthi - - 2009
Practices related to oral nutrition supplement (ONS) use were examined in elderly people living in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Thirteen LTC facilities within a large regional health authority participated, and 17 people responsible for prescribing ONS in their facilities were interviewed, using a key informant telephone survey. A survey on ...
Friel Sharon - - 2009
What, and how much, people eat is a response to their socio-political, socio-economic, socio-environmental and socio-cultural environments. Good nutrition is central to good health. Globally, health has improved for many but not for everyone equally. That food and nutrition-related health is unequally distributed is a marker of societal failure. For ...
Cannella C - - 2009
Nutrition offers the means to improve health and well-being and among the predictive factors of successful aging, nutrition appears as one of the major determinants. Whereas adequate nutrition plays a major role in a healthy lifestyle that maintains bodily and mental functioning, inadequate nutrition contributes to a loss of function ...
Weimann A - - 2009
In surgery, indications for artificial nutrition comprise prevention and treatment of catabolism and malnutrition. Thus in general, food intake should not be interrupted postoperatively and the re-establishing of oral (e.g. after anastomosis of the colon and rectum, kidney transplantation) or enteral food intake (e.g. after an anastomosis in the upper ...
Krause E Tobias - - 2009
Conditions experienced during early life can have profound effects on individual development and condition in adulthood. Differences in nutritional provisioning in birds during the first month of life can lead to differences in growth, reproductive success and survival. Yet, under natural conditions shorter periods of nutritional stress will be more ...
Yeatman Heather - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current level of activity of Australian local governments in twenty-nine food and nutrition action areas and whether the level of activity had changed between 1995 and 2007. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study utilising a postal survey was undertaken of all local governments in Australia. The same instrument ...
Subbiah M T Ravi - - 2008
The marked differences in individual response to dietary factors have led to major controversies in nutrition and puzzled nutrition scientists over the last century. The emerging field of nutrigenomics helps us to understand the basis for some of these differences and also promises us the ability to tailor diet based ...
Pasquinelli Sara - - 2008
Malnutrition is often identified in patients in chronic diseases and dysphagia is the major contributing factor. The evaluation of the nutritional status included assessment of the swallowing abilities, food intake and lifestyle. Weight is the first parameter for suspecting a malnutrition, it is considered significant when weight loss major that ...
Roosen Jutta - - 2008
New developments in nutrigenetic research and the European regulation 1924/2006 on health claims have spurred interest in developing and marketing functional food designed for personalized nutrition. Personalized nutrition uses genetic information regarding a person's health risk profile. Specifically adapted nutrition recommendations are claimed to help reducing disease risk. An internet ...
Bogdanov Stefan - - 2008
Due to the variation of botanical origin honey differs in appearance, sensory perception and composition. The main nutritional and health relevant components are carbohydrates, mainly fructose and glucose but also about 25 different oligosaccharides. Although honey is a high carbohydrate food, its glycemic index varies within a wide range from ...
de Roos Baukje - - 2008
Proteomics is emerging as a valuable tool in nutritional research. Proteome analysis from plasma and blood cells can identify thousands of proteins that can potentially provide valuable new biomarkers for health, reveal early indications for disease disposition, assist in dietary responders from nonresponders, and enable the discovery of mechanisms of ...
Deldicque Louise - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present food components showing evidence for improved sport performance in the light of the scientific literature from the past 2 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Appropriate nutrition is essential for sport performance. Nutritional products containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals have been widely used by athletes to provide ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify potential impacts of the Central America-Dominican Republic-Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) on food consumption patterns associated with the nutrition transition, obesity, and diet-related chronic diseases. METHODS: Examination of CAFTA-DR agreement to identify measures that have the potential to affect food availability and retail prices. RESULTS: CAFTA-DR includes agreements ...
Barnes Stephen S Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 452 McCallum Research Building, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1918 University Blvd, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2008
Nutritional genomics offers a way to optimize human health and the quality of life. It is an attractive endeavor, but one with substantial challenges. It encompasses almost all known aspects of science, ranging from the genomes of humans, plants, and microorganisms, to the highest levels of food science, analytical science, ...
Eyles Helen H Clinical Trials Research Unit, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2009
In New Zealand, the burden of nutrition-related disease is greatest among vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, including Maori and Pacific peoples. However, little research is currently available on effective ways to improve nutrition in these communities. This paper describes the development of six paper-based nutrition education resources for multi-ethnic participants in ...
Danhauer S C - - 2009
Cancer patients undergoing treatment may find it difficult to maintain proper caloric intake. This survey sought to characterize food/beverage preferences and services related to nutritional needs for oncology outpatients. A total of 222 adult oncology patients completed surveys while in an oncology clinic for treatment or for a medical appointment. ...
Soulsbury Carl D - - 2008
The period following the withdrawal of parental care has been highlighted as a key developmental period for juveniles. One reason for this is that juveniles cannot forage as competently as adults, potentially placing them at greater risk from environmentally-induced changes in food availability. However, no study has examined this topic. ...
Rakszegi Mariann - - 2008
The HEALTHGRAIN program is focused on developing new healthy food products based on wholegrains of wheat and other cereals, by combining enhanced nutritional quality with good agronomic performance and processing quality. A sample set comprising 130 winter and 20 spring wheat varieties was therefore selected to identify the range of ...
Cena Emily R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest low-income women of childbearing age may be at risk of suboptimal folate intake. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of learner-centered nutrition education on folate intake and food-related behaviors among nonpregnant, low-income women of childbearing age, compared to education unrelated to nutrition. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned ...
Nijhout H Frederik - - 2008
In this issue of Developmental Cell, Layalle et al. reveal new insights into how nutrition controls body size in Drosophila. Nutrition specifically affects the activity of target of rapamycin (TOR) in the prothoracic gland. Under low-nutrition conditions, TOR suppresses ecdysone secretion--which otherwise terminates larval development--thereby prolonging growth and allowing larvae ...
Toyama Kenji - - 2008
Recently, it has been clarified that glutamate (Glu) can stimulate the umami taste as well as the visceral sensation to help the gastric protein digestion. Our survey suggests the possibility that the amount of free Glu in hospital foods is lower than that in ordinary foods. In the present study, ...
Scott Anna - - 2008
Part 1 of this article described the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and its implementation. Part 2 aims to provide basic practical guidance for treating malnutrition. Establishing the aim of treatment and undertaking a dietary assessment will provide the basis for your intervention. Addressing nutrition-related problems, such as drug induced ...
Smoliner Christine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is a frequent problem in the elderly and is associated with an impaired functional status and higher morbidity and mortality. In this study we evaluated the effect of a 12-wk nutritional intervention with fortified food on nutritional and functional status in nursing home residents at risk of malnutrition. ...
Shannon Kate - - 2008
Levels of low birth weight (LBW) and maternal malnutrition in rural Bangladesh are among the highest in the world. We surveyed dietary practices among pregnant mothers in a rural area served by a reproductive health and nutrition program. In total, 30 semi-structured interviews and five focus group discussions were carried ...
Chao Shirley Y - - 2008
This study assessed the utility of the 57-indicator Food and Nutrition Care Indicators Checklist for assessing food and nutrition services in assisted-living facilities for older adults among registered dietitians (RDs). They were members of two American Dietetic Association practice groups focusing on aging and long-term care and were also employed ...
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