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Adams Jean J Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2009
Advertising in magazines contributes to nutritional knowledge and social norms and may play a role in food choice and adiposity. In contrast to food advertising on television, that in magazines has received little research attention. We describe the type and nutritional content of foods advertised in popular UK weekly magazines ...
Silver Heidi J - - 2009
Oral liquid nutrition supplements (ONS) are widely used in community, residential and healthcare settings. ONS are intended for individuals whose nutrient requirements cannot be achieved by conventional diet or food modification, or for the management of distinctive nutrient needs resulting from specific diseases and/or conditions. ONS appear to be most ...
Lo Yuan-Ting - - 2009
The WHO asserts that the global food price crisis threatens public health and jeopardizes the health of the most disadvantaged groups such as women, children, the elderly and low-income families. Economic factors play a crucial role and could affect personal nutrition status and health. Economic decision factors such as food ...
de Vrieze Jop - - 2009
About a decade ago, scientists and science journalists presented nutrigenomics as a grand promise that each of us would soon know which foods fit in our personal healthy diet. Meanwhile, expectations have been adjusted to fit a changed reality. Simultaneously, societal issues surrounding personalized nutrition continue to rise, including whether ...
Johnson Shanthi - - 2009
Practices related to oral nutrition supplement (ONS) use were examined in elderly people living in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Thirteen LTC facilities within a large regional health authority participated, and 17 people responsible for prescribing ONS in their facilities were interviewed, using a key informant telephone survey. A survey on ...
Friel Sharon - - 2009
What, and how much, people eat is a response to their socio-political, socio-economic, socio-environmental and socio-cultural environments. Good nutrition is central to good health. Globally, health has improved for many but not for everyone equally. That food and nutrition-related health is unequally distributed is a marker of societal failure. For ...
Cannella C - - 2009
Nutrition offers the means to improve health and well-being and among the predictive factors of successful aging, nutrition appears as one of the major determinants. Whereas adequate nutrition plays a major role in a healthy lifestyle that maintains bodily and mental functioning, inadequate nutrition contributes to a loss of function ...
Weimann A - - 2009
In surgery, indications for artificial nutrition comprise prevention and treatment of catabolism and malnutrition. Thus in general, food intake should not be interrupted postoperatively and the re-establishing of oral (e.g. after anastomosis of the colon and rectum, kidney transplantation) or enteral food intake (e.g. after an anastomosis in the upper ...
Krause E Tobias - - 2009
Conditions experienced during early life can have profound effects on individual development and condition in adulthood. Differences in nutritional provisioning in birds during the first month of life can lead to differences in growth, reproductive success and survival. Yet, under natural conditions shorter periods of nutritional stress will be more ...
Yeatman Heather - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current level of activity of Australian local governments in twenty-nine food and nutrition action areas and whether the level of activity had changed between 1995 and 2007. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study utilising a postal survey was undertaken of all local governments in Australia. The same instrument ...
Subbiah M T Ravi - - 2008
The marked differences in individual response to dietary factors have led to major controversies in nutrition and puzzled nutrition scientists over the last century. The emerging field of nutrigenomics helps us to understand the basis for some of these differences and also promises us the ability to tailor diet based ...
Pasquinelli Sara - - 2008
Malnutrition is often identified in patients in chronic diseases and dysphagia is the major contributing factor. The evaluation of the nutritional status included assessment of the swallowing abilities, food intake and lifestyle. Weight is the first parameter for suspecting a malnutrition, it is considered significant when weight loss major that ...
Roosen Jutta - - 2008
New developments in nutrigenetic research and the European regulation 1924/2006 on health claims have spurred interest in developing and marketing functional food designed for personalized nutrition. Personalized nutrition uses genetic information regarding a person's health risk profile. Specifically adapted nutrition recommendations are claimed to help reducing disease risk. An internet ...
Bogdanov Stefan - - 2008
Due to the variation of botanical origin honey differs in appearance, sensory perception and composition. The main nutritional and health relevant components are carbohydrates, mainly fructose and glucose but also about 25 different oligosaccharides. Although honey is a high carbohydrate food, its glycemic index varies within a wide range from ...
de Roos Baukje - - 2008
Proteomics is emerging as a valuable tool in nutritional research. Proteome analysis from plasma and blood cells can identify thousands of proteins that can potentially provide valuable new biomarkers for health, reveal early indications for disease disposition, assist in dietary responders from nonresponders, and enable the discovery of mechanisms of ...
Deldicque Louise - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present food components showing evidence for improved sport performance in the light of the scientific literature from the past 2 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Appropriate nutrition is essential for sport performance. Nutritional products containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and minerals have been widely used by athletes to provide ...
Hawkes Corinna - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify potential impacts of the Central America-Dominican Republic-Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) on food consumption patterns associated with the nutrition transition, obesity, and diet-related chronic diseases. METHODS: Examination of CAFTA-DR agreement to identify measures that have the potential to affect food availability and retail prices. RESULTS: CAFTA-DR includes agreements ...
Barnes Stephen - - 2008
Nutritional genomics offers a way to optimize human health and the quality of life. It is an attractive endeavor, but one with substantial challenges. It encompasses almost all known aspects of science, ranging from the genomes of humans, plants, and microorganisms, to the highest levels of food science, analytical science, ...
Eyles Helen H Clinical Trials Research Unit, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2009
In New Zealand, the burden of nutrition-related disease is greatest among vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, including Maori and Pacific peoples. However, little research is currently available on effective ways to improve nutrition in these communities. This paper describes the development of six paper-based nutrition education resources for multi-ethnic participants in ...
Danhauer S C - - 2009
Cancer patients undergoing treatment may find it difficult to maintain proper caloric intake. This survey sought to characterize food/beverage preferences and services related to nutritional needs for oncology outpatients. A total of 222 adult oncology patients completed surveys while in an oncology clinic for treatment or for a medical appointment. ...
Soulsbury Carl D - - 2008
The period following the withdrawal of parental care has been highlighted as a key developmental period for juveniles. One reason for this is that juveniles cannot forage as competently as adults, potentially placing them at greater risk from environmentally-induced changes in food availability. However, no study has examined this topic. ...
Rakszegi Mariann - - 2008
The HEALTHGRAIN program is focused on developing new healthy food products based on wholegrains of wheat and other cereals, by combining enhanced nutritional quality with good agronomic performance and processing quality. A sample set comprising 130 winter and 20 spring wheat varieties was therefore selected to identify the range of ...
Cena Emily R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest low-income women of childbearing age may be at risk of suboptimal folate intake. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of learner-centered nutrition education on folate intake and food-related behaviors among nonpregnant, low-income women of childbearing age, compared to education unrelated to nutrition. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned ...
Nijhout H Frederik - - 2008
In this issue of Developmental Cell, Layalle et al. reveal new insights into how nutrition controls body size in Drosophila. Nutrition specifically affects the activity of target of rapamycin (TOR) in the prothoracic gland. Under low-nutrition conditions, TOR suppresses ecdysone secretion--which otherwise terminates larval development--thereby prolonging growth and allowing larvae ...
Toyama Kenji - - 2008
Recently, it has been clarified that glutamate (Glu) can stimulate the umami taste as well as the visceral sensation to help the gastric protein digestion. Our survey suggests the possibility that the amount of free Glu in hospital foods is lower than that in ordinary foods. In the present study, ...
Scott Anna - - 2008
Part 1 of this article described the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and its implementation. Part 2 aims to provide basic practical guidance for treating malnutrition. Establishing the aim of treatment and undertaking a dietary assessment will provide the basis for your intervention. Addressing nutrition-related problems, such as drug induced ...
Smoliner Christine - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is a frequent problem in the elderly and is associated with an impaired functional status and higher morbidity and mortality. In this study we evaluated the effect of a 12-wk nutritional intervention with fortified food on nutritional and functional status in nursing home residents at risk of malnutrition. ...
Shannon Kate - - 2008
Levels of low birth weight (LBW) and maternal malnutrition in rural Bangladesh are among the highest in the world. We surveyed dietary practices among pregnant mothers in a rural area served by a reproductive health and nutrition program. In total, 30 semi-structured interviews and five focus group discussions were carried ...
Chao Shirley Y - - 2008
This study assessed the utility of the 57-indicator Food and Nutrition Care Indicators Checklist for assessing food and nutrition services in assisted-living facilities for older adults among registered dietitians (RDs). They were members of two American Dietetic Association practice groups focusing on aging and long-term care and were also employed ...
Remillard Rebecca L - - 2008
At one time, it was estimated that the majority of dogs and cats in the United States received 90% or more of their nutrition from complete and balanced commercially prepared foods, and this estimate was reaffirmed in a 2004 survey. However, 4 years and several pet food and treat recalls ...
Shatenstein B - - 2008
In older adults, an adequate diet depends on their ability to procure and prepare food and eat independently or the availability of dietary assistance when needed. Inadequate food intake or increased nutritional requirements lead to poor nutritional status, which is considered a key determinant of morbidity, increased risk of infection, ...
Davis Lisa R - - 2008
Women who are homeless experience health problems due to many factors, including poor nutrition. This paper describes a nutritional assessment of women who are homeless living at a transitional living center in an urban setting. A rapid food screener was used to assess fat, fruit and vegetable, and fiber intake, ...
Milner J A - - 2008
Personalizing nutrition for cancer prevention and therapy will require a comprehensive understanding of "genotypes/phenotypes" in order to identify, evaluate, and prioritize appropriate points for dietary intervention. This nutritional preemption roadmap must begin with accurately assessing intakes/exposures of which bioactive food component(s) is needed to bring about a desired response in ...
Louie Jimmy Chun-Yu - - 2008
Consumers are interested in making healthier food choices but the mandatory nutrition information panel currently in use in Australia is not easily understood or interpreted by most consumers. A simple nutrition signpost would be valuable. This paper reviews two nutrition signposting systems currently being considered for adoption in Australia. The ...
Ares Gastón - - 2008
In order to assess the influence of nutritional knowledge on perceived healthiness and willingness to try functional foods, 104 consumers filled out a Nutritional Knowledge Questionnaire and answered a conjoint task. Participants had to evaluate 16 concepts consisting of combinations of carrier products (yogurt, milk desserts, pan bread and mayonnaise) ...
Hermsen Joshua L - - 2009
Nutrition support is an integral component of modern patient care. Type and route of nutritional support impacts clinical infectious outcomes in critically injured patients. This article reviews the relationships between type and route of nutrition and gut-derived mucosal immunity in both the clinical and laboratory settings.
Fitzgerald Nurgül - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of nutrition knowledge, food label use, and food intake patterns among Latinas with and without diagnosed diabetes. DESIGN: This was a case-control study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: A convenience sample of 201 (100 cases with diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 101 controls without diagnosed diabetes) nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding Latinas without ...
Kennedy L A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Community-based food initiatives have developed in recent years with the aim of engaging previously 'hard to reach' groups. Lay workers engaged in community nutrition activities are promoted as a cost-effective mechanism for reaching underserved groups. The primary objective of the study was to explore perceptions and definitions of lay ...
Nurhasan, Mulia
The population density of Laos PDR has increased from 15 persons per square km in 1985 to 19 persons in 1995 and to 24 persons in 2005. This has threatened food security, which in Laos PDR is generally synonymous with rice availability. Rice production in Laos rose by 70 percent ...
Risvas Grigoris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Food choice in Greece follows a westernized model. We tried to identify the characteristics of clusters regarding food choice and behaviour in a large sample of Greek primary school students, in order to acknowledge some mediating parameters that need to be addressed when planning interventions to promote healthy nutrition. ...
AKIBA, Yukio
Nutrition entails the sum of processes involved in the ingestion of foods, digestion, absorption, transport of nutrients, intermediary metabolism, underlying anabolism and catabolism, and excretion of unabsorbed nutrients and metabolites. Research at the Animal Nutrition Laboratory is concerned with the identification of nutritional characteristics in several animal species with the ...
Kussmann Martin - - 2008
Nutrition sciences apply transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to molecularly assess nutritional adaptations. Transcriptomics can generate a holistic overview on molecular changes to dietary interventions. Proteomics is most challenging because of the higher complexity of proteomes as compared to transcriptomes and metabolomes. However, it delivers not only markers but also targets ...
Kreibich, Tobias
Marine calanoid copepods, which constitute a major component of the marine food web, have to adapt to changing environmental conditions in order to efficiently use dietary components for growth and reproduction. Detailed knowledge on their feeding behaviour, their physiological responses to nutritional conditions, i.e. digestive and metabolic activities, and their ...
Houdijk J G M - - 2008
Periparturient relaxation of immunity (PPRI) to gastrointestinal nematode parasites may have a nutritional basis, as the increasing nutrient demand at times of nutrient scarcity during late pregnancy and subsequent lactation may result in a penalty on expression of acquired immunity to parasites. This nutritional basis implies that lowering nutritional demand, ...
Sharma Sangita - - 2008
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To provide nutritional composition data for commonly consumed traditional Apache foods to enable an assessment of dietary intake and to evaluate a food-store based intervention aimed at reducing risk of chronic disease. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Weighed recipes were collected in Apache households on the White Mountain Apache reservation ...
Sharkey Joseph R - - 2008
Good nutritional health is essential to physical and cognitive function, prevention or management of chronic health conditions, and prevention of disability. Poor nutritional health describes dietary intakes of inadequate amounts of energy, protein, and individual or multiple micronutrients. Homebound older adults are considered the most vulnerable for poor nutritional health; ...
Adachi Miyuki - - 2008
The objective of this paper was to identify the necessity of a theory incorporating "a holistic view of food and nutrition dynamics". The generation of this theory and its potential to effect nutrition education practices, was also examined using examples of practice in Japan. The necessity and potential of a ...
Wahlqvist Mark L - - 2008
Food for humans is one of the most important of all global issues. It is a critical determinant of planetary and individual health, of economic development, of how sustainable energy and water supplies are, and its security a powerful determinant of peace or conflict. Those who assume leadership for the ...
Uneyama Hisayuki - - 2008
Gustatory and anticipatory cephalic stimuli during a meal yield nutritional information and aid efficient food digestion. Mammals, including humans, can detect the amount of dietary protein and its quality via cephalic relay to initiate proper digestion in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In addition to gustatory stimuli, visceral sensing by ...
Hoffmann Alfred T - - 2008
Quality of life is defined as the result of combining personal resources, control of the environment, personal values, and actual living conditions. Balanced nutrition is an important condition for quality of life, health and well-being. During the course of life everyone develops his very individual biography of eating. This includes ...
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