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Spanier B W M - - 2011
Introduction. In patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), nutritional support is required if normal food cannot be tolerated within several days. Enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition. We reviewed the literature about enteral nutrition in AP. Methods. A MEDLINE search of the English language literature between 1999-2009. Results. Nasogastric tube ...
Bohrer Denise - - 2010
Preterm neonates receiving parenteral nutrition are at risk of aluminum (Al) overload because of the presence of Al as a contaminant in parenteral formulations. Despite US Food and Drug Administration regulation, commercial products continue to present Al contamination. To reassess Al exposure in the premature neonatal population, the present study ...
Hendricks Kristy M - - 2010
Undernutrition is a major contributor to child mortality and total global disease burden. Ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is recommended by the World Health Organization for community-based management of uncomplicated forms of severe acute malnutrition. New research has evaluated the role of RUTF for the prevention of childhood undernutrition. While studies ...
Braegger Christian - - 2010
Enteral nutrition support (ENS) involves both the delivery of nutrients via feeding tubes and the provision of specialised oral nutritional supplements. ENS is indicated in a patient with at least a partially functioning digestive tract when oral intake is inadequate or intake of normal food is inappropriate to meet the ...
Kubli Eric - - 2010
Pregnancy in humans induces cravings for special food: the same occurs in Drosophila females. New work now shows that mating throws a nutritional switch in favor of a high-protein diet and that modulation of nutritional balance depends on the sex peptide receptor and involves neuronal TOR-S6 kinase signaling.
Friedman Mendel - - 2010
Exposure of food proteins to certain processing conditions induces two major chemical changes: racemization of all L-amino acids (LAAs) to D-amino acids (DAAs) and concurrent formation of cross-linked amino acids such as lysinoalanine (LAL). The diet contains both processing-induced and naturally-formed DAA. The latter include those found in microorganisms, plants, ...
Gurinovi─ç M - - 2010
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: 'NutPlan' is developed within the EURRECA Network of Excellence (EURopean micronutrient RECommendations Aligned (http://www.eurreca.org). It is a user-friendly software programme with multiple functions: individual and group nutrition planning, recipe calculation, creating food labels, diet planning and nutrient intake assessment. This paper describes the newly developed software and its features. ...
Rotilio Giuseppe - - 2010
Nutrition can be defined as the biochemical network by which diet affects expression of genes giving rise to phenotypes that are able to successfully respond to environmental challenges, such as those resulting from dispersal to new habitats. A virtuous circle is generated between genes and diet via optimal nutrition, which ...
Morgan M Z - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries prevalence in UK children remains high and obesity, closely linked to Type 2 diabetes, is rising. Literature suggests that dentists may not give dietary advice due to a lack of clear and consistent guidelines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether oral health education ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2010
The association between hyporexia/anorexia, reduced food intake and disease-related malnutrition at hospital admission is well established. However, information on fluid intake according to nutritional risk has never been provided. Thus, we assessed the attitude and adequacy of fluid intake among case-mix hospitalised patients according to nutritional risk. A sample of ...
Ritchie Lorrene D - - 2010
To explore the impact of coordinated statewide nutrition education on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) family behavior regarding fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lower-fat milk. Survey of different cross-sectional samples of WIC families before and after education. Intervention delivered at all WIC sites in ...
Madden Helen - - 2010
Food is related to health, both directly and symbolically, in complex ways. Also, social practices around food are highly gendered, and, in the context of family life, fall largely to mothers. This study examines mothers' talk about nutritional health, and food, health and dietary practices in the context of everyday ...
Freedman Marjorie R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To develop, evaluate, and validate 2 nutrition environment assessment tools (surveys), for specific use in combating overweight on college/university campuses. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Invitations to complete surveys were e-mailed to food service and health center directors at 47 universities, Winter 2008. Overall response rate was 48%. Responses from the ...
Royer Derek J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a well-recognized adverse effect of many drugs. However, the association of thrombocytopenia with complementary/alternative medicines, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, foods, and beverages has been rarely described, except for reports of thrombocytopenia caused by quinine-containing beverages. OBJECTIVES: To systematically identify all published reports of thrombocytopenia associated with these ...
Stang Jamie - - 2010
t is the position of the American Dietetic Association that children and adolescents should have access to an adequate supply of healthful and safe foods that promote optimal physical, cognitive, and social growth and development. Nutrition assistance programs, such as food assistance and meal service programs and nutrition education initiatives, ...
Gura Kathleen M - - 2010
In July 2004, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a mandate that required manufacturers to include the aluminum content on the labels of the additives commonly used in the compounding of parenteral nutrition solutions. It was the hope that practitioners would use this information to minimize the amount of ...
Chang Ann S - - 2010
Reported here is a summary of the proceedings of the Symposium on Plant Polyphenols: Nutrition, Health and Innovations, which was cosponsored by the Southeast Asia Region branch of the International Life Sciences Institute and the Nutrition Society of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 22-23, 2009. The symposium provided a ...
Bukusuba John - - 2010
HIV and AIDS have posed various medical, nutritional, social and economic problems, female-headed households being the most affected. Poor nutritional knowledge and dietary practices common among the most affected households significantly contribute to the rapid progression of HIV. However, very little data exist concerning these aspects of nutrition among women ...
Kamp Barbara J - - 2010
Given the federal cost-containment policy to rebalance long-term care away from nursing homes to home- and community-based services, it is the position of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, and the Society for Nutrition Education that all older adults should have access to food and nutrition programs ...
Kamp Barbara J - - 2010
Given the federal cost-containment policy to rebalance long-term care away from nursing homes to home- and community-based services, it is the position of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, and the Society for Nutrition Education that all older adults should have access to food and nutrition programs ...
Foltran F - - 2010
Nutritional profiling is defined as 'the science of categorizing foods according to their nutritional composition' and it is useful for food labelling and regulation of health claims. The evidence for the link between nutrients and health outcomes was reviewed. A reduced salt intake reduces blood pressure, but only a few ...
Lupton Joanne R - - 2010
The goal of the Smart Choices Program (SCP) is to provide a simple front-of-the-package icon system to direct consumers to smarter food choices in the supermarket, which will eventually lead to more balanced diets and to more beneficial foods as food manufacturers renovate products to meet the nutrition criteria for ...
Sutherland Lisa A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To improve diet quality and overall population health, the need to develop nutritional rating systems that are comprehensive in scope and easy for the consumer to understand and use at the point-of-purchase has emerged. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the effect of a comprehensive storewide supermarket point-of-purchase nutrition ...
Eyles H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nutrition education may be most effective when personally tailored. Individualised electronic supermarket sales data offer opportunities to tailor nutrition education using shopper's usual food purchases. The present study aimed to use individualised electronic supermarket sales data to tailor nutrition resources for an ethnically diverse population in a large supermarket ...
Visschers Vivianne H M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we investigated consumers' visual attention to nutrition information on food products using an indirect instrument, an eye tracker. In addition, we looked at whether people with a health motivation focus on nutrition information on food products more than people with a taste motivation. DESIGN: Respondents ...
Royer Derek J - - 2010
Abstract Background: Thrombocytopenia is a well recognized adverse effect of many drugs. However the association of thrombocytopenia with complementary/alternative medicines, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, foods and beverages has been rarely described, except for reports of thrombocytopenia caused by quinine-containing beverages. Objectives: To systematically identify all published reports of thrombocytopenia associated ...
Charras Kevin - - 2010
Nutritional deficiency can have dramatic effects on the physical and psychological status of older adults. Although food supplements can enhance nutritional status, several authors suggest that more ecological means could also have beneficial impacts. Therefore, a natural experiment was conducted to study the impact of changed mealtime experiences for people ...
Foley Wendy - - 2010
This article reports on ethnographic study of urban Aboriginal family food and implications for nutrition promotion. Data were collected over 2 years through in-depth interviews and participant observation in groups conducted through Indigenous organisations in a suburb of Brisbane. Issues when organising family food include affordability, keeping family members satisfied ...
Nied┼║wiedzka E - - 2010
The aim of the research was to conduct a mini-nutritional assessment in relation to the food intake model and food intake variety for Polish older persons. The research included 420 people aged 65+. Using the food consumption frequency method (by a FIVeQ questionnaire), the weekly intake of 63 groups of ...
Westergren Albert - - 2010
Disease-related malnutrition is a major health problem in the elderly population and management issues are under-explored. What is the prevalence of undernutrition-risk (UN-risk), underweight, and overweight in special accommodations (SAs)? Do study circles and a nutritional care policy (NCP) improve the precision in nutritional care (NC) and decrease the prevalence ...
Ni Mhurchu Cliona C School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2010
Traditional methods to improve population diets have largely relied on individual responsibility, but there is growing interest in structural interventions such as pricing policies. The aim was to evaluate the effect of price discounts and tailored nutrition education on supermarket food and nutrient purchases. A 2 x 2 factorial randomized ...
Webb Patrick - - 2009
This paper examines how nutrition has been used to raise humanitarian relief resources through the United Nations appeals process, from 1992 to early 2009. Recent calls for "nutrition safety nets" as a response to the world food price crisis reflect a growing recognition of nutrition as a key element in ...
Kresi? Greta - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intakes among university students. The students (264 males and 741 females) were asked to answer a validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and to fulfil a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Gender, university status (freshmen, juniors, seniors) and ...
P?rez-Exp?sito Ana B - - 2009
Fortified blended foods were developed in the 1960s to improve the nutritional status of children suffering from malnutrition. The present review was conducted to examine the impact that fortified blended foods used in humanitarian relief programs have had on the health and nutritional status of infants and young children with ...
Kaiser M J - - 2009
Frailty has become one of the 'hot spots' in geriatric research. Frailty has multifactorial origin, and is regarded as a fundamental risk factor for deteriorating health status and disability in elderly people and is highly prevalent in the population above the age 65. It is estimates that prevalence rates up ...
Alderman Harold - - 2010
Models of climate change predict increased variability of weather as well as changes in agro-ecology. The increased variability will pose special challenges for nutrition. This study reviews evidence on climate shocks and nutrition and estimates the economic consequences in terms of reduced schooling and economic productivity stemming from nutritional insults ...
Christian Parul - - 2010
The current economic crisis and food price increase may have a widespread impact on the nutritional and health status of populations, especially in the developing world. Gains in child survival over the past few decades are likely to be threatened and millennium development goals will be harder to achieve. Beyond ...
Katz David L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Consumer understanding of nutrition information is key to making dietary choices consistent with guidelines. The development of an objective, science-based, and universally applicable system of nutrition guidance would be of considerable potential value to the public health. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary expert panel was convened to develop the Overall Nutritional ...
Buchman Alan L - - 2009
Choline is a quaternary amine endogenously synthesized from the amino acid methionine or absorbed via the portal circulation. It is ubiquitous in the diet, although it has a greater presence in organ meats. Choline is an essential component of all cell membranes, and has been considered a required dietary nutrient ...
Fernández-García Elisabet - - 2009
The term "bioaccessibility" is a key concept to ascertain nutritional efficiency of food and food formula developed with the aim of improving human health. In this review, working definitions of bioavailability, bioaccessibility, and bioactivity are examined, taking into account the complete sequence of events that take place during the digestive ...
Vereecken Carine Anna - - 2009
Methods to assess detailed dietary data are cumbersome, expensive, and difficult to implement with large samples. The purpose of the present article was to evaluate the feasibility of collecting data from parents about their child's diet using an online dietary assessment tool. The Young Children's Nutrition Assessment on the Web ...
Sands David C DC Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology Department, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA. - - 2009
High-yielding cereals and other staples have produced adequate calories to ward off starvation for much of the world over several decades. However, deficiencies in certain amino acids, minerals, vitamins and fatty acids in staple crops, and animal diets derived from them, have aggravated the problem of malnutrition and the increasing ...
Vijendravarma Roshan K - - 2010
If a mother's nutritional status predicts the nutritional environment of the offspring, it would be adaptive for mothers experiencing nutritional stress to prime their offspring for a better tolerance to poor nutrition. We report that in Drosophila melanogaster, parents raised on poor larval food laid 3-6% heavier eggs than parents ...
Nieuwenhuizen Willem F - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many older adults and patients do not achieve sufficient nutritional intake to support their minimal needs and are at risk of, or are suffering from, (protein-energy) malnutrition. Better understanding of current treatment options and factors determining nutritional intake, may help design new strategies to solve this multifactorial ...
Harrop Andrew - - 2009
Food is one of the most basic human needs for healthy wellbeing and survival, yet too many hospitals fail to give nutritional care enough priority in their day-to-day practice. So, why isn't more being done to stamp out this problem once and for all? Three years on from the launch ...
Acreman Sue - - 2009
Nutrition in palliative care and at the end of life should be one of the goals for improving quality of life. It is important to address issues of food and feeding at this time to assist in the management of troublesome symptoms as well as to enhance the remaining life. ...
Martini Sharon A - - 2009
Nutrition in the 20th century is examined with respect to changes in the American diet due to changes in the economy and evolution from an agrarian to an industrialized society. The American farm family diet from two regions of the United States during the 1930s is studied on the basis ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2010
The study investigates the dietary habits of Flemish preschoolers and associations of these habits with both sociodemographic characteristics and the mother's nutritional knowledge and attitudes. A sample of 862 parents of preschoolers from 56 schools completed a questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, a food-frequency questionnaire to assess children's dietary intake, and ...
Sathiaraj E - - 2010
Although there are no dietary restrictions recommended in acute viral hepatitis (AVH), there is an altered food intake, probably because of perceptions and traditional nutritional practices, leading to sub-optimal intake and poorer clinical outcome. Therefore, we aimed to determine nutritional intake of AVH patients before and after disease onset and ...
Maubach Ninya - - 2009
A qualitative study explored factors that influence parents' food purchasing behaviours in supermarkets and away-from-home settings, particularly the role played by nutrition information. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 parents of young children in a provincial city in New Zealand. A semi-structured protocol was used to elicit factors influencing ...
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