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Bukusuba John - - 2010
HIV and AIDS have posed various medical, nutritional, social and economic problems, female-headed households being the most affected. Poor nutritional knowledge and dietary practices common among the most affected households significantly contribute to the rapid progression of HIV. However, very little data exist concerning these aspects of nutrition among women ...
Kamp Barbara J - - 2010
Given the federal cost-containment policy to rebalance long-term care away from nursing homes to home- and community-based services, it is the position of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, and the Society for Nutrition Education that all older adults should have access to food and nutrition programs ...
Kamp Barbara J - - 2010
Given the federal cost-containment policy to rebalance long-term care away from nursing homes to home- and community-based services, it is the position of the American Dietetic Association, the American Society for Nutrition, and the Society for Nutrition Education that all older adults should have access to food and nutrition programs ...
Foltran F - - 2010
Nutritional profiling is defined as 'the science of categorizing foods according to their nutritional composition' and it is useful for food labelling and regulation of health claims. The evidence for the link between nutrients and health outcomes was reviewed. A reduced salt intake reduces blood pressure, but only a few ...
Lupton Joanne R - - 2010
The goal of the Smart Choices Program (SCP) is to provide a simple front-of-the-package icon system to direct consumers to smarter food choices in the supermarket, which will eventually lead to more balanced diets and to more beneficial foods as food manufacturers renovate products to meet the nutrition criteria for ...
Sutherland Lisa A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To improve diet quality and overall population health, the need to develop nutritional rating systems that are comprehensive in scope and easy for the consumer to understand and use at the point-of-purchase has emerged. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the effect of a comprehensive storewide supermarket point-of-purchase nutrition ...
Eyles H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nutrition education may be most effective when personally tailored. Individualised electronic supermarket sales data offer opportunities to tailor nutrition education using shopper's usual food purchases. The present study aimed to use individualised electronic supermarket sales data to tailor nutrition resources for an ethnically diverse population in a large supermarket ...
Visschers Vivianne H M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we investigated consumers' visual attention to nutrition information on food products using an indirect instrument, an eye tracker. In addition, we looked at whether people with a health motivation focus on nutrition information on food products more than people with a taste motivation. DESIGN: Respondents ...
Royer Derek J - - 2010
Abstract Background: Thrombocytopenia is a well recognized adverse effect of many drugs. However the association of thrombocytopenia with complementary/alternative medicines, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, foods and beverages has been rarely described, except for reports of thrombocytopenia caused by quinine-containing beverages. Objectives: To systematically identify all published reports of thrombocytopenia associated ...
Charras Kevin - - 2010
Nutritional deficiency can have dramatic effects on the physical and psychological status of older adults. Although food supplements can enhance nutritional status, several authors suggest that more ecological means could also have beneficial impacts. Therefore, a natural experiment was conducted to study the impact of changed mealtime experiences for people ...
Foley Wendy - - 2010
This article reports on ethnographic study of urban Aboriginal family food and implications for nutrition promotion. Data were collected over 2 years through in-depth interviews and participant observation in groups conducted through Indigenous organisations in a suburb of Brisbane. Issues when organising family food include affordability, keeping family members satisfied ...
Nied┼║wiedzka E - - 2010
The aim of the research was to conduct a mini-nutritional assessment in relation to the food intake model and food intake variety for Polish older persons. The research included 420 people aged 65+. Using the food consumption frequency method (by a FIVeQ questionnaire), the weekly intake of 63 groups of ...
Westergren Albert - - 2010
Disease-related malnutrition is a major health problem in the elderly population and management issues are under-explored. What is the prevalence of undernutrition-risk (UN-risk), underweight, and overweight in special accommodations (SAs)? Do study circles and a nutritional care policy (NCP) improve the precision in nutritional care (NC) and decrease the prevalence ...
Ni Mhurchu Cliona C School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. - - 2010
Traditional methods to improve population diets have largely relied on individual responsibility, but there is growing interest in structural interventions such as pricing policies. The aim was to evaluate the effect of price discounts and tailored nutrition education on supermarket food and nutrient purchases. A 2 x 2 factorial randomized ...
Webb Patrick - - 2009
This paper examines how nutrition has been used to raise humanitarian relief resources through the United Nations appeals process, from 1992 to early 2009. Recent calls for "nutrition safety nets" as a response to the world food price crisis reflect a growing recognition of nutrition as a key element in ...
Kresi? Greta - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intakes among university students. The students (264 males and 741 females) were asked to answer a validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and to fulfil a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Gender, university status (freshmen, juniors, seniors) and ...
P?rez-Exp?sito Ana B - - 2009
Fortified blended foods were developed in the 1960s to improve the nutritional status of children suffering from malnutrition. The present review was conducted to examine the impact that fortified blended foods used in humanitarian relief programs have had on the health and nutritional status of infants and young children with ...
Kaiser M J - - 2009
Frailty has become one of the 'hot spots' in geriatric research. Frailty has multifactorial origin, and is regarded as a fundamental risk factor for deteriorating health status and disability in elderly people and is highly prevalent in the population above the age 65. It is estimates that prevalence rates up ...
Alderman Harold - - 2010
Models of climate change predict increased variability of weather as well as changes in agro-ecology. The increased variability will pose special challenges for nutrition. This study reviews evidence on climate shocks and nutrition and estimates the economic consequences in terms of reduced schooling and economic productivity stemming from nutritional insults ...
Christian Parul - - 2010
The current economic crisis and food price increase may have a widespread impact on the nutritional and health status of populations, especially in the developing world. Gains in child survival over the past few decades are likely to be threatened and millennium development goals will be harder to achieve. Beyond ...
Katz David L - - 2009
PURPOSE: Consumer understanding of nutrition information is key to making dietary choices consistent with guidelines. The development of an objective, science-based, and universally applicable system of nutrition guidance would be of considerable potential value to the public health. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary expert panel was convened to develop the Overall Nutritional ...
Buchman Alan L - - 2009
Choline is a quaternary amine endogenously synthesized from the amino acid methionine or absorbed via the portal circulation. It is ubiquitous in the diet, although it has a greater presence in organ meats. Choline is an essential component of all cell membranes, and has been considered a required dietary nutrient ...
Fernández-García Elisabet - - 2009
The term "bioaccessibility" is a key concept to ascertain nutritional efficiency of food and food formula developed with the aim of improving human health. In this review, working definitions of bioavailability, bioaccessibility, and bioactivity are examined, taking into account the complete sequence of events that take place during the digestive ...
Sands David C - - 2009
High-yielding cereals and other staples have produced adequate calories to ward off starvation for much of the world over several decades. However, deficiencies in certain amino acids, minerals, vitamins and fatty acids in staple crops, and animal diets derived from them, have aggravated the problem of malnutrition and the increasing ...
Vereecken Carine Anna - - 2009
Methods to assess detailed dietary data are cumbersome, expensive, and difficult to implement with large samples. The purpose of the present article was to evaluate the feasibility of collecting data from parents about their child's diet using an online dietary assessment tool. The Young Children's Nutrition Assessment on the Web ...
Vijendravarma Roshan K - - 2010
If a mother's nutritional status predicts the nutritional environment of the offspring, it would be adaptive for mothers experiencing nutritional stress to prime their offspring for a better tolerance to poor nutrition. We report that in Drosophila melanogaster, parents raised on poor larval food laid 3-6% heavier eggs than parents ...
Nieuwenhuizen Willem F - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many older adults and patients do not achieve sufficient nutritional intake to support their minimal needs and are at risk of, or are suffering from, (protein-energy) malnutrition. Better understanding of current treatment options and factors determining nutritional intake, may help design new strategies to solve this multifactorial ...
Harrop Andrew - - 2009
Food is one of the most basic human needs for healthy wellbeing and survival, yet too many hospitals fail to give nutritional care enough priority in their day-to-day practice. So, why isn't more being done to stamp out this problem once and for all? Three years on from the launch ...
Acreman Sue - - 2009
Nutrition in palliative care and at the end of life should be one of the goals for improving quality of life. It is important to address issues of food and feeding at this time to assist in the management of troublesome symptoms as well as to enhance the remaining life. ...
Martini Sharon A - - 2009
Nutrition in the 20th century is examined with respect to changes in the American diet due to changes in the economy and evolution from an agrarian to an industrialized society. The American farm family diet from two regions of the United States during the 1930s is studied on the basis ...
Vereecken Carine - - 2010
The study investigates the dietary habits of Flemish preschoolers and associations of these habits with both sociodemographic characteristics and the mother's nutritional knowledge and attitudes. A sample of 862 parents of preschoolers from 56 schools completed a questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics, a food-frequency questionnaire to assess children's dietary intake, and ...
Sathiaraj E - - 2010
Although there are no dietary restrictions recommended in acute viral hepatitis (AVH), there is an altered food intake, probably because of perceptions and traditional nutritional practices, leading to sub-optimal intake and poorer clinical outcome. Therefore, we aimed to determine nutritional intake of AVH patients before and after disease onset and ...
Maubach Ninya - - 2009
A qualitative study explored factors that influence parents' food purchasing behaviours in supermarkets and away-from-home settings, particularly the role played by nutrition information. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 parents of young children in a provincial city in New Zealand. A semi-structured protocol was used to elicit factors influencing ...
Patel M - - 2009
Dear Editor, We read with interest the letter by Dr A Kumar in response to our paper (1). We welcome his supportive comments regarding our findings that catering limitations were not major contributory factors for inadequate food intake by hospitalised elderly patients. Protected mealtimes have been an imaginative solution proposed ...
Archer C Ruth - - 2009
Dietary Restriction extends lifespan in a diverse range of animals, but this often comes at a cost to reproduction. While a number of molecular pathways integral to these relationships have been characterised, we still do not fully understand whether restriction of specific nutrients or calories is responsible. Two recent studies ...
Jennings-Sanders Andrea - - 2009
Clients with Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) have nausea and/or vomiting that prevents adequate intake of food and fluids. A client could have weight loss, dehydration, nutritional deficiencies, metabolic deficiencies, difficulty with daily activities, psychosocial stress and depression. Managing a client at home with HG is very complex and requires a multidisciplinary ...
Martin Jolie M - - 2009
Research during the last several decades indicates the failure of existing nutritional labels to substantially improve the healthfulness of consumers' food/beverage choices. The present study aims to fill this void by developing a nutrition metric that is more comprehensible to the average shopper. The healthfulness ratings of 205 sample foods/beverages ...
Lingas Elena O - - 2009
We assessed the nutritional quality of branded food and beverage products advertised on 28 Web sites popular with children. Of the 77 advertised products for which nutritional information was available, 49 met Institute of Medicine criteria for foods to avoid, 23 met criteria for foods to neither avoid nor encourage, ...
Pollard Christina M - - 2009
To develop nutrition criteria consistent with Australian dietary guidelines encouraging fruit and vegetable consumption for branding recipes with the Go for 2&5 campaign message. Dietary policies, guidelines, food selection guides, nutrient targets, existing consumer education programs' nutrition criteria, food habits, and eating styles were reviewed to develop nutrition criteria, which ...
Dorey Enid - - 2009
Recently the mass media environment of children, in particular food advertising, has come under scrutiny as a contributing factor in the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Focus groups were used to explore how children's appraisals of various forms of media inform their health-related perceptions about eating and nutrition. Ninety participants ...
Sitter, Melissa
Relocation to a personal care home is a stressful experience and may occur at a traumatic moment in life. The effects of relocation to a PCH on nutritional status are unknown, yet under-nutrition is common among PCH residents. Objectives: To explore the effect of relocating to a PCH on the ...
Eshel Gidon - - 2009
This article discusses a few basic geophysical processes, which collectively indicate that several nutritionally adverse elements of current Western diets also yield environmentally harmful food consumption patterns. We address oceanic dead zones, which are at the confluence of oceanography, aquatic chemistry, and agronomy and which are a clear environmental problem, ...
Darmon Nicole - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a food policy approach to prevent nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition in homeless men in France. Study Population and METHODS: A dietary survey was conducted among homeless men visiting an emergency shelter in Paris to assess their nutritional status and the quality of food aid provided. The use ...
Glanz Karen - - 2009
Food and nutrition environments are believed to contribute to obesity and chronic diseases. There is a need for valid, reliable measures of nutrition environments. Familiarity with previous efforts to measure food and nutrition environments can help researchers and practitioners build on past accomplishments. This article describes sources of food-environment data, ...
Roberto Christina A - - 2009
In this observational study, we determined how frequently consumers accessed on-premises nutrition information provided at chain restaurants. The number of patrons entering and accessing nutrition information was recorded at 8 locations that were part of 4 major restaurant chains (McDonald's, Burger King, Starbucks, and Au Bon Pain). Only 6 (0.1%) ...
Jacobs David R DR - - 2009
Research and practice in nutrition relate to food and its constituents, often as supplements. In food, however, the biological constituents are coordinated. We propose that "thinking food first"' results in more effective nutrition research and policy. The concept of food synergy provides the necessary theoretical underpinning. The evidence for health ...
Castetbon Katia - - 2009
The French National Programme on Nutrition and Health (Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS)), the aim of which is to reduce nutrition-related chronic diseases, necessitates monitoring of nutritional characteristics. Our objective was to describe dietary intake, physical activity and nutritional status in a national sample of adults, especially according to current ...
Teffo, L.S.
The edible stink-bug, Encosternum (Haplosterna) delegorguei Spinola (Heteroptera, Hemiptera), is a traditional delicacy of the Venda people in South Africa's Limpopo province. Selling the insects at Thohoyandou and other markets provides a valuable income for harvesters. In this article we report the first nutritional information on these insects. Dried bugs ...
Adams Jean J Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2009
Advertising in magazines contributes to nutritional knowledge and social norms and may play a role in food choice and adiposity. In contrast to food advertising on television, that in magazines has received little research attention. We describe the type and nutritional content of foods advertised in popular UK weekly magazines ...
Silver Heidi J - - 2009
Oral liquid nutrition supplements (ONS) are widely used in community, residential and healthcare settings. ONS are intended for individuals whose nutrient requirements cannot be achieved by conventional diet or food modification, or for the management of distinctive nutrient needs resulting from specific diseases and/or conditions. ONS appear to be most ...
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