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Results 451 - 500 of 801
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Kaul L - - 1999
The Bariatrics Clinic at Howard University Hospital was initiated to help low-income African-American adults with low literacy skills in obesity control. Fourteen African-American women and two men participated in the study. Essential components of the treatment included nutrition education, exercise, and behavior modification related to food intake. The nutrition education ...
Oltersdorf U - - 1999
In order to stimulate food habit research in nutritional sciences, in 1994 the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) established Committee II/2 on Nutrition and Food Habits, which has the charge "to review the impact of changing food choice and habits on nutritional status". Within this broad task, priority has ...
Brenner D E - - 1999
Chemoprevention is defined as nutritional or pharmaceutical interventions designed to prevent or delay cellular transformation. Over the last year, the great excitement and interest in the mechanism, epidemiology, and preclinical and clinical chemopreventive effects in the lower intestine of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs continues and is reflected in the large number ...
DeFoliart G R - - 1999
The traditional use of insects as food continues to be widespread in tropical and subtropical countries and to provide significant nutritional, economic and ecological benefits for rural communities. Westerners should become more aware of the fact that their bias against insects as food has an adverse impact, resulting in a ...
Thompson S N - - 1999
This article reviews the current state of knowledge concerning the nutrition of entomophagous insects and other arthropods. Early nutritional investigations focused principally on the basic dietary and nutritional requirements for beneficial insects. Based on these findings, the first attempts were made to develop mass culture methods and to formulate artificial ...
Richer S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the leading cause of vision loss in aging Western societies, is (in part) a nutrition-responsive disease that can be stabilized through environmental intervention. The atrophic form of the disease constitutes nearly 90% of cases, yet a standardized ophthalmic and systemic evaluation protocol does not exist. ...
Bentley G R - - 1999
Many agricultural populations are subject to chronic or seasonal undernutrition, reproductive women and children often being most vulnerable. This paper presents quantitative and qualitative data on food consumption, food distribution practices, food taboos, garden sizes and work effort to show how Lese horticulturalist women living in the Ituri Forest of ...
Smith S M - - 1999
Humans have flown in space for more than 35 years. Since that time, Americans have walked on the moon, launched two space stations (Skylab and the International Space Station), docked during orbit with a Soviet Soyuz space capsule and the Russian Mir space station, flown the only reusable space vehicle, ...
Bengmark S - - 1999
Overreaction of the acute phase response is responsible for the two major complications to surgery, sepsis and thrombosis, but also most likely for the leading sequela to surgery, adhesion formation. The gastrointestinal tract, especially the colon, is a major player in the acute phase response and responsible for important immune ...
Kuvandzhiev G - - 1999
Bulgarian folk dietary tradition is one of the most ancient traditions in the world. Its origin can be traced back to prehistoric times. The contribution of ancient Thracians to it, for instance, with respect to some major foods, preparation of foods, practices and customs, is so deeply ingrained in it ...
Clark N - - 1998
After graduating from college and entering the work force, young adult athletes often struggle with the task of fueling themselves optimally for top performance and weight control. The stresses and time constraints of work, family, and social responsibilities often result in eating fast foods on the run. These young adults ...
Turck D - - 1998
Malnutrition is an adverse prognostic factor in cystic fibrosis, influencing the course of pulmonary disease and correlating inversely with survival. A positive energy balance between energy intake and the combination of total energy expenditure, energy losses and growth-related energy cost is essential to maintain normal nutritional status. Before starting nutritional ...
Kotler D P - - 1998
Anorexia is a common problem in HIV infection and occurs via several mechanisms, including local pathology in the oral cavity or esophagus, central nervous system disease affecting eating mechanics or the perception of hunger, or secondary anorexia due to systemic infections, malabsorption, or medications, or to nonmedical factors, such as ...
Sobal J - - 1998
The food system is a widely used concept, but few systematic frameworks model the full scope and structure of the food and nutrition system. Bibliographic searches, a modified Delphi technique, focus groups and interviews with experts on the topic were conducted to identify existing models of agriculture, food, nutrition, health ...
Beaudry M - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to identify dietary patterns among adults in Québec and to determine their relationship to nutritional adequacy of the diet. We used 24-hour food recall data on 2,104 adults from the Québec nutrition survey (1990). Nutritional adequacy was assessed based on the 1990 Nutrition Recommendations ...
Dirks R - - 1998
Dietaries reported by previous generations of researchers, originally collected to advance the science of human nutrition, now have considerable value as primary historical documents. USDA experiment station reports and bulletins represent the single largest collection of such documents. Our annotated bibliography of experiment station studies is meant to facilitate their ...
Perin N M - - 1998
During development the gastrointestinal tract undergoes marked changes in many physiological and anatomic properties. The remarkable degree of coordination between the development of the gastrointestinal function suggests that the processes may be signalled by some factors, such as weaning, nutrient intake, growth and hormones. The interactions between nutrition and intestinal ...
Marks S L - - 1998
The enteral route is the preferred method of nutritional support in patients with functional gastrointestinal tracts. Many techniques for obtaining enteral access are available, and the decision regarding which one to use depends on several issues, including the functional integrity of each part of the gastrointestinal tract, the duration of ...
Stewart, Pamela Jr.
Low-income older adults are at high risk for developing diet-related chronic diseases. Nutrition education programs can improve dietary and lifestyle practices, thereby decreasing the incidence of diet-related diseases. Focus groups were conducted to gain insight into the needs and preferences of low-income older adults for nutrition education. Results were made ...
Oh S Y - - 1998
This study shows that the nutrition and health status of ex-leprosy patients in Korea was marginal. Their nutrient intakes were low, especially from micronutrients which were associated with food from animal sources. Dietary quality was discriminated by food habits, such as skipping meals, irregularity of meals, food purchase and meal ...
Truswell A S - - 1998
Nutrition research cannot improve people's health until the results influence their purchases and consumption of food and drink. There is much noise in the food information system. The most efficient solution to the problem of insufficient or conflicting public information is for all the data to be critically evaluated by ...
Olin S S - - 1998
For each essential trace element, there are two ranges of intake associated with adverse health effects: intakes that are too low and can lead to nutritional deficits and intakes that are too high and can lead to toxicity. Between these two ranges, there is a range of safe and adequate ...
Borra S T - - 1998
The media is consistently ranked by the public as their primary source of nutrition and food information. To address the question of what the public is hearing about food, nutrition, and health through the news media, the International Food Information Council Foundation commissioned the Center for Media and Public Affairs ...
Wallace B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the need for nutrition intervention in a group of people living in mental health residential houses in the Northern Sydney Area. METHOD: A nutrition assessment was conducted by the researcher using a face-to-face interview with mental health residents and a survey ...
Hendy H M - - 1998
According to Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1997), nutritional risk would be predicted by perceptions of nutrition efficacy, which in turn would be predicted from four sources: modeling, verbal support, physiological conditions, and nutrition habits. In telephone interviews with 154 rural elderly adults (44 men, 110 women; mean age = 74.4 ...
van der Feen de Lille J C - - 1998
Fat Watch was a four-year campaign carried out in cooperation with retailers and industry, aiming at a reduction of fat consumption by 10% among the Dutch population. Mass media and supermarkets were the main conveyers of the message. Supermarkets participated well in the first (53%) and in the third year ...
Papas A S - - 1998
In Part I of this study, the Human Nutrition Research Center of the United States Department of Agriculture's Nutritional Status Study (NSS) of 691 independently living elderly people aged 60-98 found that poor dietary quality was associated with low educational attainment, low median family income, and self-report of partial or ...
Popov B - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: The present study addresses the questions of the onset of adaptation of the small intestine transport functions to different nutritional effects and of the extent to which the detected changes could be interpreted as adaptive. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two independent experiments with male white rats as experimental animals were ...
- - 1997
In line with recent recommendations by WHO and the Committee on International Nutrition, WFP and UNHCR will now use 2100 kcal/person/day as the initial energy requirement for designing food aid rations in emergencies. In an emergency situation, it is essential to establish such a value to allow for rapid planning ...
Shimbo S - - 1997
In October, 1996, 24-hour food duplicate samples were collected from two groups of 50 adult women each; one group was in Jinan, the capital city of Shandong Province in China, and the other in a farming village of Baiquan in Zhangqiu area some 30 km away from the city. Perusal ...
Combs G F GF - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Link traditional agricultural production disciplines to the food sciences and the various disciplines concerned with human nutrition and health in order to find sustainable solutions to malnutrition. DESIGN: Develop a new integrated program area within a university by forging explicit linkages within a wide array of disciplines concerned with ...
Klitzke C - - 1997
Dietary advice that promotes optimal nutrition presupposes adequate land for growing food, environmental quality conducive to food production, stable government, a strong economy, and community food security (or a reliable transportation system). Without these conditions, recommendations for optimal nutrition become moot. Our profession will be strengthened as we develop a ...
Monteleone E - - 1997
The Repertory Grid Method (RGM) was applied to obtain an understanding of the characteristics used by U.K. consumers in discriminating amongst different common starchy food dishes, including potatoes, rice and pasta. Twenty-nine subjects generated a large number of constructs, relating to perceived nutrition, health physiological effect, sensory, and use attributes ...
Chan Y C - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: The population of old people has increased and nutritional disorders are common among them. The assessment of nutritional status and dietary intakes of this population is necessary in order to improve their nutritional status and reduce risk to infection and mortality. In the present study, data on the nutritional ...
Hozová B - - 1997
The object of this work was to present some results from the evaluation of microbiological (total bacterial count, coliform bacteria, aerobic sporogenic bacteria, yeasts and moulds), nutritional (lysine) and sensory (shape, surface, colour, consistency, odour, taste, the profiling of tastiness) quality and of the a(w) values of amaranth biscuits and ...
McFarlane T - - 1997
This study was designed to examine the effects of various kinds of information on willingness to ingest novel foods in individuals varying in the extent to which they reported that nutritional concerns affected their food choices. Male and female volunteers ranging in age from 10 to 79 (N = 401), ...
Govaerts F - - 1997
I report on a search of international and Belgian literature for publications about nutritional work in general practice. I found little information. Reports on four local actions were found, focusing on cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or increasing fiber intake. Universities should be stimulated to pay more time and attention both to ...
Mishkin B B Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, - - 1997
Although nutritional self-help literature is directed at the general public, which usually allows the authors to evade critical review by the medical and scientific community, both doctors and lay people need to read with discernment and educated scepticism when major health claims are made. Many published claims are based in ...
Jerome N W - - 1997
Systems providing routine food and nutrition surveillance (FNS) in local and national populations are essential to the understanding of relations between nutrition and health and the implementation of appropriate actions to promote the well-being of those populations. The purpose of an FNS program is to gather, interpret, and disseminate information ...
Miller C - - 1997
Food selection is a key factor in the nutritional management of diabetes mellitus. Since up to 80% of food purchase decisions are made at the supermarket, the purpose of this study was to identify the criteria which influence point-of-purchase decision-making in women with NIDDM aged 40-60 years. A qualitative approach ...
Kovar A J - - 1997
Nutrition focuses on the intake and use of food material, whereas swallowing serves as the primary method of delivery for this nourishment. Swallowing dysfunction may compromise an infant's or child's ability to meet nutritional needs resulting in potentially long-lasting sequelae from the malnutrition. This article reviews clinical presentations of nutritional ...
Mahmood S - - 1997
Nutritional beliefs and practices in 100 pregnant and 100 lactating women were assessed in an urban and rural area of Lahore. A structured questionnaire was used for the purpose. Seventy seven percent women and 54% of their husbands were illiterate, 50.5% belonged to a family with a per capita income ...
Kószegi G - - 1997
Contrary to the past experience of forced parenteral nutrition nowaday's the enteral [jejunal] nutrition enjoys priority. It is not questionable, that well adjusted and controlled application of fluid, ion, fat, carbon hydrate, amino acid promoted convalescence. The experiences of the Authors supports that enteral nutrition through technically proper outperformed jejunostomy ...
Akpapunam M A - - 1997
The nutritional characteristics and food potentials of jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) have been reviewed. The bean is a good sources of protein, 23% to 34%, and carbohydrate 55%. It is also a good source of Ca, Zn, P, Mg, Cu and Ni. Jack bean protein is adequate in most essential ...
Patel C - - 1997
Emphasis on culturally based and ethnically oriented food selection by nutrition health professionals is needed to effectively plan therapeutic diets. With the influx of numerous ethnic groups into the United States and the merging of cultural practices, it is important for dietitians to become familiar with specific ethnic foods and ...
Wahlqvist M L - - 1997
International comparison of food intake and health studies amongst the aged is providing new insight into the importance of food culture in social context for healthy aging. At same time the possible variance in eating behavior compatible with good health requires consideration. The IUNS (International Union of Nutritional Sciences) FHILL ...
Kaaks R - - 1997
The primary objective of nutritional epidemiology is to identify, in combination with other forms of research, which aspects of diet and nutritional factors are causally related to cancer development. However, traditional epidemiology can evaluate with only a limited degree of specificity to which individual dietary factors an increased occurrence of ...
Chapman P - - 1997
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an original sports nutrition education program in changing the nutrition behavior of the female high school varsity football teams of the Baseline League of Southern California. A total of 72 subjects from eight teams were randomly divided into two ...
Shoham J - - 1996
In contrast to several other recent emergencies, the response of the international relief community to the Rwandan emergency appears largely to have prevented widespread malnutrition and related mortality. While it is true that aspects of the response in the food and nutrition sector were in various ways open to criticism ...
Lyons G K - - 1996
Hispanic adults who had low literacy in English (n = 14.3) and who attended community college English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classes, completed 24-hour dietary recalls using version 2.5 of the computerized Minnesota Nutrition Data System (NDS), which included many Hispanic foods. The purposes of our study were to assess the appropriateness of ...
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