Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 831
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
- - 2000
This section is the final of three parts on the revised guidelines for young child feeding by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI). In the previous section, we covered the areas of nutrition of the newborn, feeding of low birthweight infants and those with special requirements, and replacement and ...
McDonald J - - 2000
In-depth interviews conducted with 12 rural widowers participating in a population-based study of nutritional strategies of rural adults 70 years and older were analyzed to (a) identify factors that place widowers at risk for nutritional problems and (b) understand how rural residence is related to this risk. The nutritional strategies ...
- - 2000
This is the second of a three-part series by the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute (CFNI) on revised guidelines for young child feeding in the Caribbean. In Part 1, the guidelines dealt with the period before birth. These covered maternal nutrition and guidelines for promoting, protecting and supporting breastfeeding. This ...
Wardle J - - 2000
In many studies, correlations between nutrition knowledge and dietary behaviour have failed to reach statistical significance, leading researchers to question the relevance of nutrition knowledge to food choice, and the value of nutrition education campaigns. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between knowledge and intake of fat, fruit and ...
Hernes G - - 2000
Food and knowledge of food is an essential part of life. Knowledge about how to get enough and how to get it right is an essential part of all cultures. Since food is vital, nutrition policy is critical. Nutrition policy is about who should eat what, why, when and how ...
Mattes R D - - 2000
The rapid release of saliva following cognitive or sensory stimulation is termed the cephalic phase salivary response. Optimal methods and conditions for measuring the cephalic phase salivary response have not been established. Consequently, determination of the extent to which the large inter and intra-individual variability reflect biological or procedural influences ...
Krassie J J Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietectics, University of Newcastle, School of Health Sciences, Medical Sciences Building, Level 3, University Drive, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, - - 2000
A review of the literature was undertaken to identify the nutritional needs of elderly MOW consumers and factors affecting the ability of existing programs to meet those needs. The focus was on the Australian experience but drawing on the world literature. Keyword search of English language based computer databases of ...
Vio F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines socioeconomic, demographic, epidemiological and nutrition changes that have occurred in Chile in the last decades using concepts of epidemiological and nutrition transition, and discusses policies related to nutrition. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a descriptive, population-based study to analyse changes in the Chilean diet and nutrition ...
Parízková J - - 2000
The overall situation as regards dietary intake and nutritional status in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe has varied considerably during previous decades; however, after the political, social and economic changes during the nineties these differences have increased further, especially in the areas with low GDP and war, and ...
Despland E - - 2000
The behaviour of herbivorous insects is influenced by their nutritional state. Nutrition-induced behavioural changes are often interpreted as adaptive mechanisms for controlling nutrient intake; however, their influence on other life history traits has received far less attention. We investigated the effect of food quality and distribution on the behaviour and ...
González L - - 2000
Children with neuromuscular disorders have special health needs that place them at risk of nutritional problems. These needs may have detrimental effects on their development, immune and respiratory system. Identified nutrition-related problems are malnutrition, obesity, food intolerance, food allergies, drug-nutrient interactions, constipation and reflux. In order to improve the nutritional ...
Rolland-Cachera M F - - 2000
This review covers surveys of nutritional intake in adolescents living in several countries of Western Europe. Current definitions of nutritional status are discussed, with a special emphasis on adolescent years. It is generally observed that obesity rates are increasing (especially those of massive obesity) in young people, whereas declared energy ...
Quandt S A - - 2000
Studies of the nutritional status of older adults (by marital status) and of older women recently widowed suggest that widows are nutritionally vulnerable. Yet few studies have examined nutrition-related behaviors among widows to see why this is true. We conceptualize these behaviors as nutritional self-management strategies, encompassing behaviors related to ...
Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M - - 2000
Plasma carnitine levels were measured in two alternative nutrition groups--strict vegetarians (vegans) and lactoovovegetarians (vegetarians consuming limited amounts of animal products such as milk products and eggs). The results were compared to an average sample of probands on mixed nutrition (omnivores). Carnitine levels were correlated with the intake of essential ...
Hegedüs M - - 2000
The nutritive value of dog foods declared by the manufacturer as nutritionally complete and balanced can be best assessed by feeding trials with dogs. A protocol of a feeding trial has been developed and tested with working dogs fed two different commercial complete and balanced diets for 8 weeks. The ...
Shabayek M M - - 2000
Because of an increase in the number of elderly and the problems of nutrition associated with them, it is of interest to study the nutritional status of elderly persons in Alexandria City. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status of elderly population and to compare between ...
Omran M L - - 2000
Protein-energy malnutrition is a prevalent problem in older persons. Its relation to increased morbidity and mortality has been well documented. Early recognition of malnutrition allows for a timely intervention. A large proportion of chronic diseases affecting older persons can be either prevented or significantly improved by improving nutrition, which underscores ...
Hildebrand A J - - 2000
Denying food and water to profoundly impaired people who may not be conscious, or may only be "minimally" conscious, raises challenging ethical issues. While there is growing support for withdrawing/withholding food and water (assisted nutrition and hydration, or "AHN") from people described as being in a "persistent vegetative state" ("PVS") ...
- - 1999
This final rule amends regulations governing the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) to allow State agencies the option to defer the collection of blood test data for up to 90 days after the date of certification, so long as the applicant is determined to have ...
Vautier F - - 1999
Malnutrition is frequently a predominant problem in disasters, and supplementary feeding programmes (SFPs) are often set up in food emergencies. This review analyses the effectiveness of such programmes in crisis situations in Liberia, Burundi and Goma (Congo), concluding that it is feasible to enrol large numbers of children in SFPs ...
Vodovotz Y - - 1999
In preparation for future planetary exploration, NASA-Johnson Space Center has developed a critical path plan for food and nutrition research needs. The plan highlights the risk factors pertaining to food and nutrition associated with exposure to the space flight environment as well as the possible consequences if no corrective measures ...
Kishnani P S - - 1999
The current mainstay of treatment in glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I) is dietary management that includes providing a frequent source of glucose to prevent hypoglycaemia. To ensure compliance, routine follow-up by a health care team, including a dietitian, experienced in the treatment of GSD is necessary. We describe ...
Nakatsuka H - - 1999
This study was carried out to determine whether the most recent nutritional improvements in Japanese farming villages were due to improvement in the diet of the young only or across all ages. Food duplicates for 24 h were collected. The number of food items and the adequacy of each nutrient ...
Ursini F - - 1999
The role of polyphenols in human nutrition is discussed on the basis of their redox chemistry, which accounts for the observed antioxidant effect and in turn for their protective effect against atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic data, together with experimental pathology and cell biology, support the recommendation that optimal nutrition should contain polyphenols ...
Motil K J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Feeding impairment frequently complicates the course of children with neurologic disorders and places them at risk for malnutrition and growth failure. Although feeding abnormalities have been reported in female patients with Rett syndrome, the mechanisms that account for these findings have not been elucidated fully. This study was designed ...
Epley D - - 1999
Nutrition, a critical requirement of all living organisms, involves several processes that must be maintained to sustain life. Nutrition consists of ingestion of food and fluid, digestion, absorption, distribution (transportation), utilization (metabolism), and excretion of the end products. Problems arise when the amount of various nutrients ingested is either deficient ...
Dillinger T L - - 1999
This article examines the use of supplemental food programs by two Native American populations and assesses some of the health and cultural impacts of these programs. A cross-sectional survey of 80 American Indian families, 40 families residing on the Round Valley Indian Reservation and 40 in Sacramento, California was conducted ...
Truswell A S - - 1999
The last Heelsum workshop agreed that general practitioners should concentrate on dietary advice for treatment or secondary prevention, though nutritional advice for health is part of the doctor's work with pregnancy, infants and the very old. Nutrition prescriptions contrast with drug prescriptions. For drugs information is authoritative, evidence-based and easily ...
Sinclair S - - 1999
Migraine headaches are an increasingly common health problem with a wide range of potential etiological factors. Stress, food allergies, neuroendocrine imbalances and nutritional deficiencies all may contribute to migraine attacks. Many nutritional and botanical therapies aim to reduce migraine incidence by decreasing platelet aggregation and preventing the release of vasoactive ...
Stratton R J - - 1999
Enteral tube feeding (ETF) and parenteral nutrition (PN) are unphysiological methods of feeding. They may not elicit the cephalic phase response because part or all of the gastrointestinal tract is bypassed, nutrients are typically given in liquid form by a continuous infusion over many hours and often overnight while patients ...
Kaul L - - 1999
The Bariatrics Clinic at Howard University Hospital was initiated to help low-income African-American adults with low literacy skills in obesity control. Fourteen African-American women and two men participated in the study. Essential components of the treatment included nutrition education, exercise, and behavior modification related to food intake. The nutrition education ...
Oltersdorf U - - 1999
In order to stimulate food habit research in nutritional sciences, in 1994 the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) established Committee II/2 on Nutrition and Food Habits, which has the charge "to review the impact of changing food choice and habits on nutritional status". Within this broad task, priority has ...
Brenner D E - - 1999
Chemoprevention is defined as nutritional or pharmaceutical interventions designed to prevent or delay cellular transformation. Over the last year, the great excitement and interest in the mechanism, epidemiology, and preclinical and clinical chemopreventive effects in the lower intestine of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs continues and is reflected in the large number ...
DeFoliart G R - - 1999
The traditional use of insects as food continues to be widespread in tropical and subtropical countries and to provide significant nutritional, economic and ecological benefits for rural communities. Westerners should become more aware of the fact that their bias against insects as food has an adverse impact, resulting in a ...
Thompson S N - - 1999
This article reviews the current state of knowledge concerning the nutrition of entomophagous insects and other arthropods. Early nutritional investigations focused principally on the basic dietary and nutritional requirements for beneficial insects. Based on these findings, the first attempts were made to develop mass culture methods and to formulate artificial ...
Richer S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the leading cause of vision loss in aging Western societies, is (in part) a nutrition-responsive disease that can be stabilized through environmental intervention. The atrophic form of the disease constitutes nearly 90% of cases, yet a standardized ophthalmic and systemic evaluation protocol does not exist. ...
Bentley G R - - 1999
Many agricultural populations are subject to chronic or seasonal undernutrition, reproductive women and children often being most vulnerable. This paper presents quantitative and qualitative data on food consumption, food distribution practices, food taboos, garden sizes and work effort to show how Lese horticulturalist women living in the Ituri Forest of ...
Smith S M - - 1999
Humans have flown in space for more than 35 years. Since that time, Americans have walked on the moon, launched two space stations (Skylab and the International Space Station), docked during orbit with a Soviet Soyuz space capsule and the Russian Mir space station, flown the only reusable space vehicle, ...
Bengmark S - - 1999
Overreaction of the acute phase response is responsible for the two major complications to surgery, sepsis and thrombosis, but also most likely for the leading sequela to surgery, adhesion formation. The gastrointestinal tract, especially the colon, is a major player in the acute phase response and responsible for important immune ...
Kuvandzhiev G - - 1999
Bulgarian folk dietary tradition is one of the most ancient traditions in the world. Its origin can be traced back to prehistoric times. The contribution of ancient Thracians to it, for instance, with respect to some major foods, preparation of foods, practices and customs, is so deeply ingrained in it ...
Clark N - - 1998
After graduating from college and entering the work force, young adult athletes often struggle with the task of fueling themselves optimally for top performance and weight control. The stresses and time constraints of work, family, and social responsibilities often result in eating fast foods on the run. These young adults ...
Turck D - - 1998
Malnutrition is an adverse prognostic factor in cystic fibrosis, influencing the course of pulmonary disease and correlating inversely with survival. A positive energy balance between energy intake and the combination of total energy expenditure, energy losses and growth-related energy cost is essential to maintain normal nutritional status. Before starting nutritional ...
Kotler D P - - 1998
Anorexia is a common problem in HIV infection and occurs via several mechanisms, including local pathology in the oral cavity or esophagus, central nervous system disease affecting eating mechanics or the perception of hunger, or secondary anorexia due to systemic infections, malabsorption, or medications, or to nonmedical factors, such as ...
Sobal J - - 1998
The food system is a widely used concept, but few systematic frameworks model the full scope and structure of the food and nutrition system. Bibliographic searches, a modified Delphi technique, focus groups and interviews with experts on the topic were conducted to identify existing models of agriculture, food, nutrition, health ...
Beaudry M - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to identify dietary patterns among adults in Québec and to determine their relationship to nutritional adequacy of the diet. We used 24-hour food recall data on 2,104 adults from the Québec nutrition survey (1990). Nutritional adequacy was assessed based on the 1990 Nutrition Recommendations ...
Dirks R - - 1998
Dietaries reported by previous generations of researchers, originally collected to advance the science of human nutrition, now have considerable value as primary historical documents. USDA experiment station reports and bulletins represent the single largest collection of such documents. Our annotated bibliography of experiment station studies is meant to facilitate their ...
Perin N M - - 1998
During development the gastrointestinal tract undergoes marked changes in many physiological and anatomic properties. The remarkable degree of coordination between the development of the gastrointestinal function suggests that the processes may be signalled by some factors, such as weaning, nutrient intake, growth and hormones. The interactions between nutrition and intestinal ...
Marks S L - - 1998
The enteral route is the preferred method of nutritional support in patients with functional gastrointestinal tracts. Many techniques for obtaining enteral access are available, and the decision regarding which one to use depends on several issues, including the functional integrity of each part of the gastrointestinal tract, the duration of ...
Stewart, Pamela Jr.
Low-income older adults are at high risk for developing diet-related chronic diseases. Nutrition education programs can improve dietary and lifestyle practices, thereby decreasing the incidence of diet-related diseases. Focus groups were conducted to gain insight into the needs and preferences of low-income older adults for nutrition education. Results were made ...
Oh S Y - - 1998
This study shows that the nutrition and health status of ex-leprosy patients in Korea was marginal. Their nutrient intakes were low, especially from micronutrients which were associated with food from animal sources. Dietary quality was discriminated by food habits, such as skipping meals, irregularity of meals, food purchase and meal ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >