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Bajaj Bijender Kumar - - 2012
The killer phenomenon of yeast may have technological implications in many areas like beverage fermentation, food technology, biological control in agriculture, and in medicine. In the present study the killer phenomenon in Pichia kudriavzevii (P. kudriavzevii RY55) is being reported for the first time. The P. kudriavzevii RY55 toxin exhibited ...
Hernandez Giovanni - - 2012
Studies have shown that disruption of cannabinoid receptor signaling reduces operant responses for rewards; yet it is unknown whether changes in neural activity at dopamine terminal regions such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc) underlie these behavioral effects. To study the neural correlates that accompany the disruption of endogenous cannabinoid (eCB) ...
Ficheux A S - - 2012
Mycotoxins such as beauvericin (BEA), deoxynivalenol (DON), enniatin B (ENB), fumonisin B1 (FB1), T-2 toxin and zearalenone (ZEA) can co-occur in food commodities. This aim of this study was to assess the myelotoxicity of these mycotoxins in couple using in vitro human granulo-monocytic (Colony Forming Unit-Granulocyte and Macrophage, CFU-GM) hematopoietic progenitors. ...
Thakur M S MS Fermentation Technology and Bioengineering Department, CSIR - Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, 570020 - - 2013
Optical based sensing systems that measure luminescence, fluorescence, reflectance and absorbance, etc., are some of the areas of applications of optical immunosensors. Immunological methods rely on specific binding of an antibody (monoclonal, polyclonal or engineered) to an antigen. Detection of specific microorganisms and microbial toxins requires immobilization of specific antibodies ...
Antonio Amilcar L - - 2012
Gamma radiation has been used as a post-harvest food preservation process for many years. Chestnuts are a seasonal product consumed fresh or processed, and gamma irradiation emerged recently as a possible alternative technology for their post-harvest processing, to fulfil the requirements of international phytosanitary trade laws. After harvest and storage, ...
Kamatchi Ganesan L - - 2012
The role of gamma amino butyric acid A receptors/neurons of the hypothalamic, endocrine and alimentary systems in the food intake seen in hunger was studied in 20 h food-deprived rats. Food deprivation decreased blood glucose, serum insulin and produced hyperphagia. The hyperphagia was inhibited by subcutaneous or ventromedial hypothalamic administration of ...
Marcazzó J - - 2012
Food irradiation is a widely employed technology for food treatment. Since in several countries no regulations prevail, it is difficult to detect whether food has been irradiated or not. Among different analytical methods the study of the thermoluminescent (TL) emission of polymineral extracted from food is one of the most ...
Svastisalee Chalida M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We examined the quality of food outlet addresses provided by secondary sources and determined whether they could be physically located in the field. DESIGN: Addresses of food outlets in fourteen school districts in the northern part of Copenhagen were obtained from multiple business locators. We geocoded 202 addresses using ...
Ahn Jae-Jun - - 2012
Thermoluminescence (TL) analysis was applied to identify gamma-irradiated garlic powder in Korean barbeque sauce before and after pasteurization (85 °C, 30 min), when blended in different ratios (1%, 3%, and 5%). The sauce sample with nonirradiated garlic powder gave a background glow curve. However, the sample blended with irradiated ingredient ...
Wätjen U - - 2012
Radioactivity found in wild food products has assumed greater importance when assessing the total exposure of the population. For this reason, IRMM has been developing a reference material for the activity concentration of three radionuclides in bilberry samples. In order to characterise this new material, a CCRI(II) supplementary comparison was ...
Manganelli Maura - - 2012
This paper describes emerging issue related to cyanobacterial dynamics and toxicity and human health risks. Data show an increasing cyanobacteria expansion and dominance in many environments. However there are still few information on the toxic species fitness, or on the effects of specific drivers on toxin production. Open research fields ...
Nakayama Motokazu - - 2012
We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of an immunochromatography kit, Single-path Emetic Tox Mrk (Merck), which targets a marker protein for the detection of Bacillus cereus that produces emetic toxin. Strains were isolated after outbreaks of food poisoning, and from retail prepared foods and food products. The strains were examined ...
Gugler Kim - - 2012
Many foods and food additives that are safe for human consumption can be extremely toxic to pets. Recognizing the clinical signs and clinicopathologic changes associated with these toxins allows prompt initiation of appropriate therapy. As with many other toxins, decontamination and supportive care are the mainstays of therapy for food ...
Mohammadpour Hossein H Department of Microbiology, Masjed Soleiman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Masjed Soleiman, IR - - 2012
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a highly toxic and hepatocarcinogenic metabolite produced by Aspergillus species. Some natural products are known to kill fungi and destroy toxins and toxin-producing agents. The purpose of this study is to provide experimental data on the antifungal activity of cumin oils and their components that could ...
Demaerschalk Bart M - - 2011
A colleague once challenged grand rounds attendants to identify any pharmacologic treatment for stroke, other than recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA), which, 15 years after Food and Drug Administration approval, still evoked a mental checklist of eligibility criteria, with numerous contraindications, yet the audience was mute.
Pinard Courtney A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Due to a proliferation of measures for different components of the home environment related to childhood obesity, the purpose of the present systematic review was to examine these tools and the degree to which they can validly and reliably assess the home environment. DESIGN: Relevant manuscripts published between 1998 ...
Garaulet M - - 2011
Background:Adequate sleep is a critical factor for adolescent's health and health-related behaviors.Objective:(a) to describe sleep duration in European adolescents from nine countries, (b) to assess the association of short sleep duration with excess adiposity and (c) to elucidate if physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors and/or inadequate food habits underlie this ...
Grunseit Anne Carolyn - - 2011
Objective: The aims of this study were to generate composite measures quantifying a household's obesogenic potential and to examine the relationship of the composite variables with older children's eating, physical activity (PA), and small screen recreation. Methods: Data were from surveys with 1685 child-parent pairs in which the child was ...
Marušić Ana - - 2011
The world is faced with the challenge to feed an estimated 9 billion population of the Earth by 2050. To address the scientific evidence for the safety of food, I searched the Web of Science bibliographical and citation database for most cited articles from this research area. The topics with ...
Agrawal Ranu - - 2012
Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) are the second most common causal agents of food poisoning throughout the world. Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) is one of the most potent and a listed biological warfare agent. Therefore, its quick, accurate and sensitive detection is of paramount importance. But availability of sensitive and specific antibodies ...
Osho O A - - 2011
Participation in physical activity (PA) and healthy nutrition are important factors that affects muscle and bone strength and the resultant functioning in the activities of daily living (ADL) skills including the overall quality of life (QoL) of geriatric individuals. However, the relationships between all these parameters are yet to be ...
McLaughlin Ian B - - 2011
Behavioral effects of the same dose of the same drug can vary in degree and direction between and within individuals. The present study examines behavioral base rates, feeding status, and dispositional differences as sources of inter- and intra-individual heterogeneity in drug response. Modulation of the effects of methylphenidate (MPD) on ...
De Tomasi Eliana Barrios - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of chronic naltrexone treatment on daily patterns of food intake in food-deprived and free-feeding rats. In experiment 1, Wistar male rats had continuous access to food and water, while in experiment 2 they were deprived of food for 12h/day. ...
Bernal A - - 2010
We examined the effects of NaCl injections on the polydipsia and polyuria induced by subcutaneous oxytocin (OT) administration in food-deprived male rats. During the first 12 h of the treatment day, both food deprivation and OT administration increased urine excretion but reduced water intake, water balance (fluid intake minus urine volume) ...
Kullgren Andreas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether NMR-based metabolomics is a suitable method to generate an integrated view on metabolic processes during food deprivation in salmonid fish. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) weighing 43-115 g were either fed ad libitum or deprived of food for 28 days at ...
Peterman Jerusha Nelson - - 2010
We investigated Cambodian refugee women's past food experiences and the relationship between those experiences and current food beliefs, dietary practices, and weight status. Focus group participants (n = 11) described past food experiences and current health-related food beliefs and behaviors. We randomly selected survey participants (n = 133) from a ...
Malev Olga - - 2010
The aim of this research was to investigate influence of different environmental stressors, such as temperature increase, air exposure and food deprivation on DNA integrity of a bioindicator species, freshwater crayfish Astacus leptodactylus. DNA damage was measured in crayfish haemocytes using Comet assay and micronucleus test. Crayfish haemolymph was subsequentially ...
Mugabo M - - 2010
Detailed studies of the mechanisms driving life history effects of food availability are of prime importance to understand the evolution of phenotypic plasticity and the capacity of organisms to produce better adapted phenotypes. Food availability may influence life history trajectories through three nonexclusive mechanisms: (i) immediate and long-lasting effects on ...
Leeman Robert F - - 2010
Attempts to simultaneously control food intake and smoking may lead to smoking cessation failure. We sought to model this relationship using a human laboratory paradigm of smoking lapse behavior. We examined the combined effect of food and nicotine deprivation, compared to nicotine deprivation alone, on the ability to resist smoking ...
Dreiss Amélie - - 2010
The intensity of selection exerted on ornaments typically varies between environments. Reaction norms may help to identify the conditions under which ornamented individuals have a selective advantage over drab conspecifics. It has been recently hypothesized that in vertebrates eumelanin-based coloration reflects the ability to regulate the balance between energy intake ...
Zang Lian-Sheng - - 2010
Most whitefly parasitoids kill whiteflies in one of two ways, by piercing the whitefly body with the ovipositor and laying an egg or by piercing the body and feeding on host fluids. The effects of food deprivation on host-feeding and parasitizing capacity of the whitefly parasitoids Eretmocerus melanoscutus and Encarsia ...
Ostry Vladimir - - 2010
The European corn borer reportedly promotes the infection of maize by Fusarium spp. Stalk and ear rots caused by Fusarium spp. are often related to mycotoxin accumulation in maize kernels. As a result, food and animal feed from maize are more severely contaminated with Fusarium mycotoxins: e.g. fumonisins (FUM), deoxynivalenol ...
Krall Catherine M - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that food deprivation alters body temperature (T(b)) responses to bacterial LPS by enhancing inflammatory signaling that decreases T(b) (cryogenic signaling) rather than by suppressing inflammatory signaling that increases T(b) (febrigenic signaling). Free-feeding or food-deprived (24 h) rats received LPS at doses (500 and 2,500 microg/kg iv) ...
Dupont-Prinet A - - 2010
The specific growth rate (SGR) of a cohort of 2000 tagged juvenile European sea bass was measured in a common tank, during two sequential cycles comprising three-weeks feed deprivation followed by three-weeks ad libitum re-feeding. After correction for initial size at age as fork length, there was a direct correlation ...
Davidson Terry L - - 2010
The present research investigated the hypothesis that the hippocampus is involved with the control of appetitive behavior by interoceptive "hunger" and "satiety" signals. Rats were trained to solve a food deprivation intensity discrimination problem in which stimuli produced by 0-hr and 24-hr food deprivation served as discriminative cues for the ...
Bernal Antonio - - 2010
Subcutaneous administration of oxytocin (OT) increases water intake and sodium/urine excretion in food-deprived male rats. This study analyzes the effect of OT administration (at 0830 and 1430h) on the consumption of water and hypertonic NaCl (1.5%). In the first experiment, injections of OT increased the intake of hypertonic NaCl (but ...
Lü Yan-Qing - - 2010
A water-soluble chicken extract is popularly consumed as a traditional health food. The studies made revealed that it could increase the survival time and inhibit the increase of locomotor activity in rats loaded with food-deprived activity stress. The mechanism for this might be related to an elevation of the brain ...
Rouvinen-Watt Kirsti - - 2010
Hepatic lipidosis is a common pathological finding in the American mink (Neovison vison) and can be caused by nutritional imbalance due to obesity or rapid body weight loss. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the timeline and characterize the development of hepatic lipidosis in mink in response ...
Tetley Amanda C AC School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England, LE11 3TU, UK. - - 2010
Exposure to the visual and olfactory characteristics of food can elicit a desire to eat and can stimulate food intake. This study sought to determine the extent to which sensitivity to reward and impulsivity are associated with this 'food-cue reactivity' in two motivational states (food deprived and non-food deprived). Female ...
Cote J - - 2010
Stressful events typically induce glucocorticoid production that suppresses unnecessary physiological and behavioural functions. The glucocorticoid production also temporally activates alternative behavioural and physiological pathways. These responses are generally adaptive changes to avoid the negative effects of stressors. However, under low food availability, these behavioural and physiological modifications might lead to ...
Alponti Rafaela F - - 2010
Biometric parameters, glycemia and activity levels of plasma neutral aminopeptidase (APN) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) were measured in monosodium glutamate obese and food-deprived rats (MSG-FD), to analyze the involvement of these enzymes in such situations. Plasma APN was distinguished as sensitive (PSA) (K(m) = 7.8 x 10(-5) mol/l) and ...
Foster Michelle T MT Department of Biology and Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2010
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) innervation of white adipose tissue (WAT) is the principal initiator of lipolysis. Using pseudorabies virus, a transneuronal viral tract tracer, brain sites involved in the SNS outflow to WAT have been identified previously by us. One of these sites, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVH) that ...
Cummins Steven S Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK. - - 2009
To assess the validity of a publicly available list of food stores through field observations of their existence, in order to contribute to research on neighbourhood food environments and health. All multiple-owned supermarkets, and a 1 in 8 sample of other food outlets, listed in 1997 and 2007 in the ...
Mahadevan Meena - - 2009
This study was conducted to understand the factors influencing changes in the food habits of south Indian Brahmin immigrants in State College, PA. Data was collected from participants (n = 28) using a semi-structured interview based on the PRECEDE framework, and participant observations. Analysis of the data used grounded theory ...
Mustonen Anne-Mari - - 2009
Avian response to fasting has been examined intensively in penguins (Aptenodytes spp.) adapted to long-term food deprivation but less in species experiencing shorter fasts. Thus, the selectivity in (i) incorporating different fatty acids (FA) from diet into total lipids of white adipose tissue (WAT) and liver and (ii) mobilizing FA ...
Gunasekaran N - - 2009
Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive constituent of cannabis, accumulates in adipose tissue where it is stored for long periods of time. Here we investigated whether conditions that promote lipolysis can liberate THC from adipocytes to yield increased blood levels of THC. In vitro studies involved freshly isolated rat adipocytes that ...
Hadjimarkou Maria M MM Department of Psychology and Neuropsychology Doctoral Sub-Program, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, New York 11367, - - 2009
Opioid agonists and antagonists respectively increase and decrease food intake. That selective mu opioid antagonists are more effective than antisense probes directed against the mu opioid receptor (MOR-1) gene in reducing deprivation-induced feeding suggests a role for isoforms. Both food restriction and deprivation alter protein and mRNA levels of opioid ...
Smith Dianna M DM Healthy Environments Research Programme, Department of Geography, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2010
The 'deprivation amplification' hypothesis suggests that residents of deprived neighbourhoods have universally poorer access to high-quality food environments, which in turn contributes to the development of spatial inequalities in diet and diet-related chronic disease. This paper presents results from a study that quantified access to grocery stores selling fresh fruit ...
Stockburger Jessica - - 2009
The present study used event-related brain potentials to examine deprivation effects on visual attention to food stimuli at the level of distinct processing stages. Thirty-two healthy volunteers (16 females) were tested twice 1 week apart, either after 24 h of food deprivation or after normal food intake. Participants viewed a ...
Alvarenga Tathiana A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of food restriction (FR) and paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD), either alone or in combination, on sexual behaviours (mount, intromission and ejaculation) in adult male rats. Diet restriction began at weaning with 6g/day of food, and the amount of food was ...
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