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Cercamondi Colin I CI Laboratory of Human Nutrition, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland - - 2014
Food-to-food fortification can be a promising approach to improve the low dietary iron intake and bioavailability from monotonous diets based on a small number of staple plant foods. In Burkina Faso, the common diet consists of a thick, cereal-based paste consumed with sauces composed of mainly green leaves, such as ...
Abizari Abdul-Razak AR Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University,Wageningen,The - - 2014
Without gains in nutritional outcomes, it is unlikely that school feeding programmes (SFP) could improve cognition and academic performance of schoolchildren despite the improvements in school enrolment. We compared the nutrient intake adequacy and Fe and nutritional status of SFP and non-SFP participants in a cross-sectional survey involving 383 schoolchildren ...
Leonard Mrs Alecia J MA School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine; Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and - - 2014
Iron deficiency affects approximately one in every five young Australian females. Iron deficiency decreases several metabolic functions, impairs work performance and causes cognitive deficits during infancy and possibly into adulthood. In young women, iron deficiency is often a result of increased requirements due to menstrual losses and childbirth. Previous research ...
Park Clara Y - - 2014
Food-insecure pregnant females may be at greater risk of iron deficiency (ID) because nutrition needs increase and more resources are needed to secure food during pregnancy. This may result in a higher risk of infant low birth weight and possibly cognitive impairment in the neonate. The relationships of food insecurity ...
Benardot Dan D Georgia State University, Department of Nutrition, Atlanta - - 2014
Competitive diving involves grace, power, balance, and flexibility, which all require satisfying daily energy and nutrient needs. Divers are short, well muscled and lean, giving them a distinct biomechanical advantage. Although little diving-specific nutrition research on performance and health outcomes exist, there is concern that divers are excessively focused on ...
Stellingwerff Trent T Canadian Sport Institute-Pacific, Victoria, - - 2014
Elite athletes who compete in aquatic sports face the constant challenge of arduous training and competition schedules in difficult and changing environmental conditions. The huge range of water temperatures to which swimmers and other aquatic athletes are often exposed (16-31°C for open water swimming), coupled with altered aquatic thermoregulatory responses ...
Pyne David B DB Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, - - 2014
In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic ...
Tako Elad - - 2014
Currently, there is a lot of interest in improving gut health, and consequently increasing Fe absorption, by managing the colonic microbial population. This is traditionally done by the consumption of probiotics, live microbial food supplements. However, an alternative, and often very effective approach, is the consumption of food ingredients known ...
Pavone Silvia S Diagnostics and Animal Welfare Area, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Umbria e delle - - 2014
A widespread deadly outbreak occurred in captive birds belonging to the family Turdidae in Italy. The present study was performed on 46 dead birds coming from 3 small decoy-bird breeders in central Italy. Only Turdus pilaris, Turdus iliacus, Turdus philomelos and Turdus merula were affected. No other species of bird ...
Broniecka Anna A Department of Human Nutrition, University of the Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, - - 2014
INTRODUCTION AND AIM In a human body iron occurs at a level of 3 to 5 g, 60-70 % of which are in hemoglobin, ca. 10% in myoglobin, and ca. 3% are accumulated in enzymes of cellular respiration or enzymes degrading toxic hydrogen peroxide. The other part of iron is ...
Wallace Lauren J LJ Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 524 Chester New Hall, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton Ontario, Canada, L8S 4L8. - - 2014
In Cambodia, both anaemia and vitamin A deficiency are serious health problems. Despite this, few comprehensive nutritional surveys have been completed to date. This study evaluates the adequacy of iron and vitamin A intakes, as well as women's nutritional knowledge in rural Kandal province. Twenty-four hour recalls, pile sort activities, ...
Sazawal Sunil - - 2014
Compliance is a key component in successful implementation of the delivery of micronutrients among children. The present study evaluates the compliance with two home-based food fortification strategies (fortified complementary food or sprinkle) for providing iron and zinc among children aged 6-24 months. A total of 292 children were randomly allocated ...
Reeves Sue S Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton University, Holybourne Avenue, London SW15 4JD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of breakfast and breakfast omission on daily food intake in normal and overweight participants was investigated. 37 participants were recruited for this experimental study and assigned to one of four groups on the basis of their body mass index (BMI) (normal weight BMI <25kg/m(2) or overweight/obese BMI>25kg/m(2)) and ...
Freeland-Graves Jeanne H JH Department of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78701, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trace elements are inorganic constituents of the human body present in concentrations less than 50mg/kg body weight. An exception is iron that is found in slightly higher amounts, 60mg/kg body weight, but it is classified within this category due to its physiological roles. Requirements of trace elements can vary according ...
Sheehy T T School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
Traditionally, the Arctic diet has been derived entirely from locally harvested animal and plant species; however, in recent decades, imported foods purchased from grocery stores have become widely available. The present study aimed to examine Inuvialuit, traditional or nontraditional dietary patterns; nutrient density of the diet; dietary adequacy; and main ...
Haimi Motti M Motti Haimi, Children's Health Center, Clalit Health Services, Bruce and Ruth Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, 34369 Haifa, - - 2014
Nutrient deficiencies are prevalent worldwide. Diseases and morbid conditions have been described to result from nutritional deficiencies. It is essential to address nutrient deficiencies as these may lead to chronic long-term health problems such as rickets, iron deficiency anemia, goiter, obesity, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, cancer and ...
Hotz Christine C Nutridemics, 85 East Liberty Street, Unit #506, Toronto, ON, M6K 3R4, - - 2014
Zinc deficiency is prevalent among children and women in Bangladesh and parboiled rice is the major staple food consumed. Parboiling offers an opportunity to increase the zinc and iron content of rice by adding fortificants to the soaking water. Rice zinc content increased with increasing amounts of zinc sulfate added ...
Falciglia Grace G 1The University of Cincinnati, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Objective. To examine the nutrient intakes in young children and to compare their intakes with the dietary reference intakes (DRIs). Design. Longitudinal study observing the child's food and beverage intakes as he or she grows from 12 to 18 months. Methods. Three interviewer-administered 24-hour dietary recalls over 1 week were ...
Siega-Riz Anna Maria AM Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition (AMS-R) and Biostatistics and the Collaborative Studies Coordinator Center (DS-A), Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; the Division of Health Promotion and Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA (GXA); the Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (MG and YM-R); the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN (JHH); the Departments of Preventive Medicine (KL) and Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine (LVH), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL; the Epidemiology Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD (CML); the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, Moores University of California at San Diego Cancer Center, University of California at San Diego, San Diego, CA (CLR); and the Department of Psychology, Behavioral Medicine Research Center, University of Miami, Miami, FL (BR and - - 2014
Hispanics are a heterogeneous group of individuals with a variation in dietary habits that is reflective of their cultural heritage and country of origin. It is important to identify differences in their dietary habits because it has been well established that nutrition contributes substantially to the burden of preventable diseases ...
Lindsay Karen L KL UCD Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin 2, - - 2014
Obese pregnant women are the focus of numerous dietary and lifestyle intervention studies, however there is a paucity of literature examining the habitual dietary and lifestyle habits of this population. This paper aims to assess maternal dietary and lifestyle habits in an obese cohort, in order to identify priority areas ...
Ramona Cristina Heghedűş-Mîndru HM Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Timisoara - - - 2014
This study aimed at evaluating various fruit samples using atomic absorption spectrometry method, the content in mineral elements, macroelements (Na, K, Ca, Mg) and microelements (Cr, Cu, Mn, Fe, Cd , Pb, Zn, Co and Ni). Fruit samples were taken from supermarkets (imported products) and agricultural markets (domestic products) in ...
Ortiz-Santamaria Vera V Unidad de Reumatología, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital Universitario de Granollers, Granollers, Barcelona, España; Departamento de Medicina, Universidad Internacional de Cataluña, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune disease which involves the gastrointestinal tract in about 90% of cases. It may contribute to nutritional deterioration. To assess whether the application of a nutritional support protocol to these patients could improve their nutritional status and quality of life. Single center prospective ...
Shill Kumar B - - 2014
Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is a common health problem in rural women and young children of Bangladesh. The university students usually take food from residential halls, and the food value of their diets is not always balanced. This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia among the ...
Sultan S S National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, - - 2014
Fortification of food with micronutrients like vitamins and minerals is one of the imperative strategies to fight against micronutrient deficiencies. Fortification in common salt is fruitful strategy because of its daily consumption @ 5-12 g/day, globally. Therefore, the double fortification of salt with iodine and iron could be a reasonable approach ...
Bagni Ursula Viana UV Health Sciences College of Trairi, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Cruz, - - 2014
Aims: The association between the intake of iron, vitamins A and C and calcium and the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin (Hb) levels was investigated in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed with 529 Brazilian students. Anemia was defined in terms of Hb concentration. Nutrient intake was assessed by ...
Walton J R JR University of New South Wales Faculty of Medicine, St George Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Industrialized societies produce many convenience foods with aluminum additives that enhance various food properties and use alum (aluminum sulfate or aluminum potassium sulfate) in water treatment to enable delivery of large volumes of drinking water to millions of urban consumers. The present causality analysis evaluates the extent to which the ...
Thakwalakwa Chrissie M CM Department of International Health, University of Tampere School of Medicine, Tampere, Finland; Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University of Malawi, Blantyre, - - 2014
Nutrition interventions have an effect on growth, energy and nutrient intake, and development, but there are mixed reports on the effect of supplementation of energy-dense foods on dietary intake. This substudy aimed at assessing the effect of supplementation with corn-soy blend (CSB) or lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) on energy and ...
Wreesmann Carel Theo Jozef CT Akzo Nobel Functional Chemicals B.V., Amersfoort, The - - 2014
The current maximum acceptable daily intake (ADI) of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) of 1.9 mg day(-1) per kilogram bodyweight (mg day(-1)  kgbw(-1) ) limits the daily intake of iron as iron EDTA [ferric sodium EDTA; sodium iron(III) EDTA] to approximately 2-2.5 mg day(-1) for children 6-24 months of age. This limit was defined by the Joint ...
Durá-Travé Teodoro T Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain ; Department of Pediatrics, Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, - - 2014
To study calorie and nutrients intake in a group of patients diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under treatment with extended-release methylphenidate (MPH-ER), and to analyse the need to design nutrition intervention strategies. Observational (case-control). Navarra Hospital Complex, Pamplona, Spain. A total of 100 patients diagnosed with ADHD under ...
Li Jiang J 1 Department of Laboratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital , Ministry of Health, Beijing, China - - 2014
Abstract Some studies have indicated that the consumption of chili-containing foods can influence iron absorption and affect serum insulin and glucose concentrations, which may help to alleviate diabetes or prediabetes. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between chili food habits with iron status and insulin resistance ...
Kerac Marko M Leonard Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre, University College London, UK; Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, - - 2014
Malnutrition and neurodisability are both major public health problems in Africa. This review highlights key areas where they interact. This happens throughout life and starts with maternal malnutrition affecting fetal neurodevelopment with both immediate (eg, folate deficiency causing neural tube defects) and lifelong implications (eg, impaired cognitive function). Maternal malnutrition ...
Bresnahan Kara A KA Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2014
Vitamin A supplementation improves status, which may protect against malarial infection. Provitamin A carotenoid biofortified staple crops may provide a more sustainable approach to alleviate vitamin A deficiency than supplementation, but the impact of febrile illness on food intake must be considered in malaria endemic regions. Morbidity data and food ...
Correia Horvath Jaqueline Driemeyer JD Graduate Program in Endocrinology. UFRGS School of Medicine. Center of Health Sciences. Program in Dietetics. UCS. Department of Endocrinology. Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre.. - - 2014
To assess the adequacy of food intake in severely obese patients and describe their main nutritional deficiencies on the basis of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs). Patients on a waiting list for bariatric surgery were sequentially recruited from March 2010 to November 2011. All subjects underwent nutritional status assessment (anthropometry, dietary ...
Msaki Mark M MM a Department of Rural Development and Regional Planning , The Institute of Rural Development Planning , Dodoma , - - 2014
Estimation of micronutrients intake in food consumption surveys has generally been ignored. Focusing on similar households, a household food consumption survey (n = 200) was carried out in November 2004 (period of less) and March 2005 (period of plenty) in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Diet diversity, energy, protein and ...
Nguyen Phuong H PH Thai Nguyen University of Pharmacy and Medicine, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam ; International Food Policy Research Institute, Hanoi, - - 2014
Micronutrient deficiencies are a public health concern worldwide negatively affecting maternal and child health outcomes. The primary underlying causes of micronutrient deficiencies are insufficient intake and poor bioavailability of micronutrients. However, reliable data on micronutrient intakes are sparse. The objectives of this study were to identify the key local food ...
Enghoff Henrik H 0000-0002-2764-8750 Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, - - 2014
The first record of millipedes (Diplopoda) being regularly used for food by humans (the Bobo people of Burkina Faso) is given, including information on how the millipedes are prepared. The species in question are Tymbodesmus falcatus (Karsch, 1881) and Sphenodesmus sheribongensis (Schiøtz, 1966) (Gomphodesmidae) and an unidentified species of Spirostreptidae. ...
Mansour Asieh A Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Evidence supports that increasing number of postmenopausal women are suffering from one or more chronic diseases. Dietary patterns have a pivotal role in maintaining human health. The aim of this study was to characterize the nutrients and energy intake in postmenopausal women, with the special focus on seasonal variation effect ...
Stender Steen S Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Copenhagen University Hospital, Gentofte, Hellerup, - - 2014
To minimise the intake of industrial artificial trans fat (I-TF), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of this strategy on I-TF content in prepackaged biscuits/cakes/wafers in 2012-2013 in 20 European ...
Watanabe Fumio F Division of Applied Bioresources Chemistry, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan. - - 2014
The usual dietary sources of Vitamin B12 are animal-derived foods, although a few plant-based foods contain substantial amounts of Vitamin B12. To prevent Vitamin B12 deficiency in high-risk populations such as vegetarians, it is necessary to identify plant-derived foods that contain high levels of Vitamin B12. A survey of naturally ...
Husen Azamal A Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, - - 2014
Nanotechnology is an exciting and powerful discipline of science; the altered properties of which have offered many new and profitable products and applications. Agriculture, food and medicine sector industries have been investing more in nanotechnology research. Plants or their extracts provide a biological synthesis route of several metallic nanoparticles which ...
Advani Shweta S Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Swami Devi Dayal Dental College, Golpura, Haryana, - - 2014
PICA is an act or habit of eating non-food items such as stone, bricks, chalk, soap, paper, soil etc., It occurs in children who actually start seeing the world through the oral cavity. There are many theories behind it such as iron and zinc deficiency etc., We as dentists should ...
McArthur Jennifer O JO Discipline of Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Molecular Bioscience, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. - - 2014
Adherence of young women to dietary recommendations has been examined predominantly by surveys. This study aimed to determine the quality of women's diets relative to the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE); and to evaluate dietary changes during an intervention trial with pork meat or an iron supplement. A 12-week ...
Joy Edward J M EJ School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, UK; British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, - - 2013
Dietary micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs) are widespread, yet their prevalence can be difficult to assess. Here, we estimate MND risks due to inadequate intakes for seven minerals in Africa using food supply and composition data, and consider the potential of food-based and agricultural interventions. Food Balance Sheets (FBSs) for 46 countries ...
Oliveira Adriana Caires AC Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Química, Grupo de Pesquisa em Química e Quimiometria, CEP 40170-290 Salvador, BA, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia, INCT de Energia e Ambiente, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170-290 Salvador, BA, - - 2014
Caigua (in Brazil "maxixe do reino") is a fruit that is generally consumed either cooked or even raw as salad. This fruit has been used as a food and also in folk medicine. In this work, the mineral composition of Caigua was determined for the first time. Twenty-nine samples from ...
Dunn Michael L ML Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, - - 2013
Maize is a dietary staple in many countries. Although nutritious in many ways and a good source of energy, typical maize lacks several key micronutrients (MNs) that are often added to maize meals or flours to enhance nutritional value. Many factors affect MN stability in maize products, including uncontrolled conditions ...
Agarwal Siddharth S Urban Health Resource Centre, New Delhi I 10 029, India. - - 2013
The paper presents a wealth quartile analysis of the urban subset of the third round of Demographic Health Survey of India to unmask intra-urban nutrition disparities in women. Maternal thinness and moderate/ severe anaemia among women of the poorest urban quartile was 38.5% and 20% respectively and 1.5-1.8 times higher ...
Fiedler John L JL HarvestPlus, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA. - - 2013
Zambia was a pioneer when it started fortifying sugar with vitamin A in 1998. Micronutrient deficiencies-especially among young children-have changed little over the past decade. In 2008 an initiative to introduce fortified flours was halted when last-hour questions about the program could not be answered. To provide information about the ...
Jefferds Maria Elena ME US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. - - 2013
Micronutrient powders (MNP) reduce anemia and improve iron status in children aged 6 to 23 months. Little is known about home fortification interventions in low-income and middle-income countries. To describe highlights of the Global Assessment of Home Fortification Interventions 2011, new directions, and needed policy and programmatic guidance. A cross-sectional ...
Rossi Laura L Van't Hoff Laboratory for Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ferric pyrophosphate is a widely used material in the area of mineral fortification but its synthesis and properties in colloidal form are largely unknown. In this article, we report on the synthesis and characterisation of colloidal iron(III) pyrophosphate particles with potential for application as a food additive in iron-fortified products. ...
McGrice Melanie A - - 2013
Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery have increased risks of developing micronutrient deficiencies. Translational research investigating the actual micronutrient intake of bariatric patients is limited. We examined the micronutrient intake of a multicentre cohort of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding patients 1 year post-surgery. These data were compared to micronutrient recommendations for ...
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