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Moore Barbara J. - - 2003
This article considers the scientific evidence on the prevalence and management of verified lactose intolerance and the growing misperception that dairy foods should be avoided because ethnic populations cannot tolerate them. Healthcare professionals, in particular, must understand why eliminating dairy foods is rarely necessary and is generally undesirable. The genetically ...
Kuo M I - - 2003
The effects of 1) ripening 2, 7, and 14 d at 7 degrees C before freezing; 2) tempering 7, and 14 d at 7 degrees C after freezing; and 3) frozen storage for 1 and 4 wk at -20 degrees C, on the meltability, stretchability, and microstructure of pasta filata ...
Somkuti G A - - 2003
Production of the anti-listerial bacteriocin, pediocin, by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) transformed with the cloning vector pPC418 (Ped+, 9.1 kb) was influenced by composition of media and incubation temperature. Maximum pediocin production, tested against Listeria innocua, by electrotransformants of Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis was measured in tryptone/lactose/yeast extract medium after ...
Carunchia Whetstine M E - - 2003
Dried whey and whey protein are important food ingredients. Functionality of whey products has been studied extensively. Flavor inconsistency and flavors which may carry through to the finished product can limit whey ingredient applications in dairy and nondairy foods. The goal of this research was to determine the flavor and ...
Guiotto Andrea - - 2003
Nisin is a natural antimicrobial peptide produced by Lactococcus lactis and widely employed as food preservative. Its low solubility in neutral aqueous solutions, its instability at physiological pH and its rapid breakdown by proteolytic enzymes has limited its use for processed foods (processed cheese, milk and derivatives, canned vegetables). The ...
Gelsomino Roberto - - 2003
Enterococci are one of the major facultative anaerobic bacterial groups that reside in the human gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, the composition of the enterococcal fecal flora in three healthy humans was analyzed before, during, and after the daily consumption of approximately 125 g of a raw-milk Cheddar-type cheese ...
Drummond B K - - 2002
AIM: Cheeses have been investigated for their potential cariogenicity in several studies and have been shown to produce little change in the resting pH in dental plaque and little or no demineralisation of enamel in most intra-oral cariogenicity studies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the cariogenicity ...
Papadatos A - - 2002
A nonlinear programming optimization model was developed to maximize net revenue in cheese manufacture and is described in this paper. The model identifies the optimal mix of milk resources together with the types of cheeses and co-products that maximize net revenue. It works in Excel while it takes the data ...
Aycicek Hasan - - 2002
We studied the occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in 183 sample of white cheese and butter in Istanbul, Turkey in 2001. The incidence of AFM1 in white cheese and butter samples was as high as 65 and 81, respectively. The particularly high AFM,concentrations imply that more importance should be given ...
Melilli C - - 2002
Theoretical cheese yield can be estimated from the milk fat and casein or protein content of milk using classical formulae, such as the VanSlyke formula. These equations are reliable predictors of theoretical or actual yield based on accurately measured milk fat and casein content. Many cheese makers desire to base ...
Innocente N - - 2002
Given that the concentration of biogenic amines in cheeses depends on variety, age, and type of microflora, a study was undertaken to investigate the formation of these compounds during the ripening of a typical semihard Italian cheese. Tryptamine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, and tyramine contents were calculated in 30 samples ...
Benech R-O - - 2002
The effect of addition of purified nisin Z in liposomes to cheese milk and of in situ production of nisin Z by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis UL719 in the mixed starter on the inhibition of Listeria innocua in cheddar cheese was evaluated during 6 months of ripening. A ...
Kasimo─člu A - - 2002
In this study, a total of 105 samples including 35 raw milk, 35 cows' milk cheese, and 35 ewes' milk cheese samples were obtained from Kirikkale city and investigated for the presence and contamination level of Brucella species. For this reason, milk and cheese samples were collected in aseptic conditions ...
Urashima Tadasu - - 2002
Carbohydrates were extracted from the milk of a beluga, Delphinopterus leucas (family Odontoceti), and two Minke whales, Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Family Mysticeti), sampled late in their respective lactation periods. Free oligosaccharides were separated by gel filtration and then neutral oligosaccharides were purified by preparative thin layer chromatography and gel filtration, while ...
Di Stefano Michele - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Lactose malabsorption per se is not associated with alterations of bone mineral density (BMD) or calcium intake, but when intolerance symptoms are present a lower calcium intake and reduction of BMD values are evident. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lactose intolerance interferes with ...
Allavudeen Sikkander Sulthan - - 2002
Equilibrium tautomeric mixtures of several mono- and disaccharides are obtained in anhydrous form, without the use of water, by reacting the commercially available reducing sugars with ammonia gas in dry methanol, followed by the concentration of the resultant solution to dryness. Mutarotation and hydrolysis of the initially formed glycosylamine in ...
Swagerty Daniel L DL - - 2002
Persons with lactose intolerance are unable to digest significant amounts of lactose because of a genetically inadequate amount of the enzyme lactase. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and bloating, excessive flatus, and watery stool following the ingestion of foods containing lactose. Lactase deficiency is present in up to 15 percent ...
Benedito J - - 2002
Ultrasound has been used to non-destructively assess the quality of many foods such as meat, fish, vegetables and dairy products. This paper addresses the applications of low intensity ultrasonics in the cheese manufacturing processes and highlights the areas where ultrasonics could be successfully implemented in the future. The decrease of ...
Kashket Shelby - - 2002
Whereas research into the causes of dental decay has focused on the harmful relationship between dental plaque bacteria and foods, studies into the protective effects of foods have been infrequent and limited in number. Recent investigations showed that milk and cheese could reduce the effects of metabolic acids, and could ...
Govaris Alexandros - - 2002
Pasteurized whole ewe's and cow's milk was used in the manufacture of Feta end Telemes cheeses, respectively, according to standard procedures. In both cases, the milk had been inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 at a concentration of ca. 5.1 log CFU/ml and with thermophilic or mesophilic starter cultures at a ...
Vilotte Jean-Luc - - 2002
Lactose is the major sugar present in milk and an important osmotic regulator of lactation. It is digested by intestinal lactase, an enzyme expressed in new-borns. Its activity declines following weaning. As a result, adult mammals are normally lactose-intolerant and more than 75% of the human adult population suffers from ...
Leuschner Renata G K - - 2002
The production of cheese with incurred low levels of pathogenic microorganisms stressed by the production process was the aim of the study. A standard protocol for the preparation of artificially contaminated soft cheese on a laboratory scale was developed. Milk for cheese preparation was artificially contaminated with pathogenic target microorganisms ...
Oak Jeong-Ho - - 2002
Maillard reactions are among the most important of the chemical and oxidative changes occurring in food and biological samples that contribute to food deterioration and to the pathophysiology of human disease. Although the association of lipid glycation with this process has recently been shown, the number of lipid glycation products ...
Bottero M T - - 2002
A duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed to identify the milk of bovine and buffalo species in cheese products, particularly in mozzarella cheese, a typical Italian cheese made from buffalo's milk. Two sets of primers were designed on the basis of the alignment of the sequence codifying mitochondrial cyt ...
Sarantinopoulos Panagiotis - - 2002
Bacteriocin production by Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198, isolated from Greek Feta cheese, was studied in batch fermentations, under conditions simulating Feta cheese preparation. Maximum enterocin activity and growth rate was obtained in de Man-Rogosa-Sharpe (MRS) broth at 37 degrees C with controlled pH 6.5. The enterocin was produced throughout the ...
Suarez F L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ingestion of 2 doses of milk-based dietary supplements produce gaseous symptoms in subjects who malabsorb lactose. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, crossover trial. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Ten community-based subjects who malabsorb lactose. INTERVENTION: Ingestion of 2 standard servings of milk-based supplements (a powder reconstituted in fat-free milk or a ready-to-drink ...
Colombari G - - 2001
The effect of alfalfa ensiled in bunker silos at high moisture [HM, 34% dry matter (DM)] and low moisture (LM, 56% DM) content on milk production and Grana Padano cheese quality was studied. Forty Italian Friesian lactating cows were allotted to two groups and fed, in a crossover design experiment, ...
Bonnarme P - - 2001
Volatile sulphur compounds are major flavouring compounds in many traditional fermented foods including cheeses. These compounds are products of the catabolism of L-methionine by cheese-ripening microorganisms. The diversity of L-methionine degradation by such microorganisms, however, remains to be characterized. The objective of this work was to compare the capacities to ...
Kuo M I - - 2001
The effect of heat treatments on the meltability of cheese was investigated. Cheddar cheeses of different composition and low-moisture, part-skim Mozzarella cheese were studied at 1, 3, 6, and 12 wk of aging. Cheese samples were heated to 60 degrees C and held for 0, 10, and 20 min before ...
Albenzio M - - 2001
Canestrato Pugliese cheeses were produced from raw ewes' milk (R and R(II) cheeses), pasteurized ewes' milk (P cheese) and by heating the curd in hot whey according to a traditional protocol (T cheese). R(II) differed from R cheese mainly by having been produced from raw milk with a higher number ...
Engel E - - 2001
The objective of this study was to characterize the effect of ripening on the taste of a typically bitter Camembert cheese. The first step was to select a typically bitter cheese among several products obtained by different processes supposed to enhance this taste defect. Second, the evolution of cheese taste ...
Coia J E - - 2001
2429 samples of foodstuffs were examined for the presence of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157 (VTEC O157) by means of immunomagnetic separation (IMS) over a 2-year period commencing April 1997. Specimens comprised 1190 raw meats, 500 raw milks and 739 raw-milk cheeses. The meat and cheese samples were purchased from retail ...
Charbonneau J E - - 2001
Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis were used to investigate microleakage, two incidences of loss of coating integrity, filiform corrosion, and sulfide black corrosion in enamel-lined metal food containers. Microleakage developed in a canned cheese sauce at the side seam weld and was traced to a hot weld and a ...
Govaris A - - 2001
Telemes cheeses were produced using milk that was artificially-contaminated with aflatoxin M1 at the levels of 0.050 and 0.100 microg/l. The cheeses produced in the two cheese-making trials were allowed to ripen for 2 months and stored for an additional 4 months to simulate commercial production of Telemes cheese. Concentrations ...
Jackson K A - - 2001
Dietary calcium is critical for the development of the human skeleton and likely plays an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis. Dairy products provide approximately three-fourths of calcium consumed in the diet and are the most concentrated sources of this essential nutrient. One obstacle that likely interferes with calcium ...
Crews C - - 2001
The results are reported of a study to determine the effect of domestic cooking procedures on the level of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in selected foods. Samples of 23 foods comprising stock cubes, gravies, a cake mix, batters, breads, cheese and meats were subjected to a range of cooking procedures including grilling, ...
Jones W L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To develop the (1) simplest, most efficacious, mineral (phosphorous, potassium, and sodium) reduction procedures applicable to a total dietary selection of foods that will (2) preserve postprocessing food taste and texture expectations. DESIGN: Preprocessing and postprocessing mineral analysis of more than 245 individual samples. SETTING: Analysis of mineral content ...
Emmons D B - - 2001
When cheese samples refrigerated at 4 degrees C in 120 mL plastic tubs were transferred to room temperature at 23 degrees C, moisture began to move from the warmer surface to the cooler interior; the difference after 1 h was 0.2-0.4%. Others had observed that moisture moved from the interior ...
Kindstedt P S - - 2001
A study was made of the moisture distribution in brine-salted pasta filata cheese. Brine-salted cheeses usually develop reasonably smooth and predictable gradients of decreasing moisture from center to surface, resulting from outward diffusion of moisture in response to inward diffusion of salt. However, patterns of moisture variation within brine-salted pasta ...
López C - - 2001
Small-scale manufacture of cheese using artificially AFM1 contaminated milk as raw material to study the distribution of such toxin both in whey and in cheese, was carried out. Whole milk with undetectable levels of AFM1 was used. The toxin was added in concentration that varied from 1.7 to 2.0 microg/l ...
Okamura-Matsui T - - 2001
Lactate bacteria of the Lactobacillus and Streptococcus genera are normally employed in cheese making because these microbes have potent ability to produce lactate dehydrogenase. A milk-clotting enzyme is also necessary to make cheese. Recently, we discovered that some mushroom genera produce both lactate dehydrogenase and a milk-clotting enzyme. Using the ...
Ergüder T H - - 2001
Anaerobic treatability and methane generation potential of cheese whey were determined in batch reactors. Furthermore, the effect of nutrient and trace metal supplementation on the batch anaerobic treatment, and the high-rate anaerobic treatability of cheese whey in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors were investigated. To this purpose biochemical methane ...
Platek S F - - 2001
As part of a suspected homicide investigation, a sampling of the gastric contents from the victim was forwarded to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Forensic Chemistry Center (FCC) for analysis of specific, selected components. The victim was known to have consumed string mozzarella cheese, as a snack, less than ...
Bouakline A - - 2000
The prevalence of thermotolerant fungi on non-heat-sterilizable food was determined. Aspergillus spp. were noted in 100% of pepper and regular tea samples, 12 to 66% of fruits, 27% of herbal teas, and 20% of freeze-dried soup samples. All soft cheese samples were contaminated by Geotrichum and yeast (Candida norvegensis) but ...
Carminati D - - 2000
The influence of a traditional procedure of washing of smear Taleggio cheese on surface spreading of Listeria innocua was studied. This practice is carried out during ripening to remove molds, to select the surface microflora, and to control the ripening process. One cheese, both of 2 (i) and 4 (ii) ...
Graham R D RD Flinders Centre for Digestive Health, Flinders Medical Centre and Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia, - - 2000
Three nutrients, iron, zinc and pro-vitamin A, are widely deficient in humans, especially among low socioeconomic groups in developing countries, but they remain significant concerns in industrialized countries as well. Cereals provide the majority of the intake of these nutrients in low-income families. Moreover, these three nutrients may interact synergistically ...
Leclercq-Perlat M N - - 2000
Experimental cheeses inoculated with Debaryomyces hansenii and Brevibacterium linens were ripened for 76 d under aseptic conditions. Triplicate cheese-making trials were similar as a result of efficient control of the atmosphere. In all trials, D. hansenii grew rapidly during the first 2 d and then slowed, but growth remained exponential ...
Tunick M H - - 2000
Casein gels are found in hard and soft dairy foods such as cheese and yogurt, and their rheological properties can be analyzed with various instrumental techniques. Empirical tests of cheese have been used since cheese making began, and imitative tests have been conducted in laboratories since the 1930s. Texture profile ...
Molina E - - 2000
Casein fractions and their breakdown products in Iberico-type cheeses made from the milk of cows, ewes or goats were analysed by capillary electrophoresis in order to characterize them. The actions of plasmin and chymosin on caseins were evaluated by comparing the electropherograms of caseins from milk and from cheese, both ...
Badawy S I - - 2000
Various processing variables that can influence granulation characteristics of a lactose-based formulation were evaluated using a Plackett-Burman experimental design. These parameters were impeller speed, granulating solution addition rate, total amount of water added in the granulation step, wet massing time, moisture content of the granulation after drying, and screen size ...
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